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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 566: 265-270, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007738

RESUMO

Downsizing copper nanoparticles (Cu NPs) can effectively improve their catalytic activity, but simultaneously ensuring the structural stability is always a challenge. In this study, by laser ablating a Cu target in graphene oxide (GO) solution along with a reduction treatment, pure Cu NPs (2.0 ± 0.4 nm) are evenly scattered on reduced graphene oxide (rGO). As-prepared Cu/rGO nanocomposites (NCs) are applied as catalysts for 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) reduction, which display high values of mass-normalized rate constant (k/m, 3.118 s-1 mgCu-1) and turnover frequency (TOF, 2.987 × 10-4 mmol mgCu-1 s-1), over those of most reported Cu catalysts. In addition, owing to the stable conjugation between ultrafine Cu NPs and rGO, the Cu/rGO catalysts reveal good catalytic stability that the conversion efficiency of 4-NP is still over 92.0% even after 10 successive cycles.

2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 566: 284-295, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007739

RESUMO

For the potential use of Au nanoparticles (NPs) in photothermal therapy, it is important and effective to achieve the uniaxial assembly of Au NPs to allow enhanced absorption in the near infrared (NIR) region. Herein, we first presented the construction of amorphous selenium encapsulated gold (Se@Au) chain-oligomers by successive laser ablation of Au and Se targets in sodium chloride solution without other toxic precursors, stabilizers, or templating molecules. Se@Au chain-oligomers showed evidently enhanced NIR absorption and excellent photothermal transduction efficiency (η), which was higher than 47% at 808 nm. After being stored for 1 year, the Se@Au colloids still exhibited outstanding photothermal performance. The cytotoxicity assay demonstrated that there is negligible toxicity of Se@Au chain-oligomers in cells, but cell viability declined to only 1% in phototherapeutic experiments that were implemented in vitro. In intracellular Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) generation measurements, Se@Au chain-oligomers could trigger a 35.9% increment of ROS upon laser irradiation. The possible synergetic effects between the anticancer function of Se and photothermal behaviors of Se@Au oligomers were intended to increase ROS level in cells. Therefore, such designed Se@Au chain-oligomers of high stability exhibit promising potential for their use as in vivo photothermal therapeutic agents.

3.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 563: 74-80, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865050

RESUMO

Developing novel electrocatalysts with desirable activity and stability is always full of challenge in electrochemical energy conversion. Here, specific carbon shell encapsulated Au (Au@C) nanoparticles are prepared by a laser ablation in liquids method and used as the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) electrocatalysts. Such Au@C nanoparticles exhibit excellent catalytic activity toward ORR with an onset potential of 0.98 V and a half-wave potential of 0.87 V, better than that of commercial Pt/C. More importantly, the Au@C catalyst exhibits unrivalled stability for 3000 CV cycles for ORR in 0.1 M KOH, dramatically superior to Pt/C and pure Au catalysts. The density functional theory (DFT) calculations and SCN- ions to poison metal-based active sites are conducted to Au@C catalyst, and the results indicate that the structural defects of carbon shells supply an access for the reactants to contact the core Au nanoparticles, causing the catalytic reaction, meanwhile the carbon shells prevent the degeneration of core Au nanoparticles in the harsh electrolytes enhancing the durability of Au effectively.

4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(47): 44186-44195, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692330

RESUMO

This work reports the synthesis of core-shell structured Au@C composite through a simple one-step laser ablation technique. The results demonstrate that the Au@C with a mean nanosphere size of ∼8.0 nm is composed of a spherical shaped Au core and 1-2 layered graphitic carbon shell with abundant defects. As a nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR) electrocatalyst, the Au@C gives a large NH3 yield rate of 241.9 µg h-1 mgcat.-1 with a high faradaic efficiency of 40.5% at -0.45 V versus reversible hydrogen electrode in a 0.1 M Na2SO4 electrolyte (pH = 6.3) under ambient conditions, surpassing the performances of most aqueous-based NRR electrocatalysts recently reported. The 15N labeling experimental results demonstrate that the produced NH3 is undoubtedly originated from the NRR process catalyzed by Au@C. The superior NRR performance of Au@C can be ascribed to the ultrathin carbon layer, effectively inhibiting the aggregation of Au nanospheres during the NRR, and the abundant defects such as carbon vacancies existed in the ultrathin carbon layer, providing additional NRR catalytic active sites. Our theoretical calculation results further confirm the role of carbon vacancies in the electrocatalytic NRR.

5.
Nanoscale ; 11(42): 19806-19813, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621752

RESUMO

Two new two-dimensional (2D) layered materials, namely, MgX2Se4 (X = Al, Ga) monolayers, are predicted to possess novel electronic properties. Ab initio electronic structure calculations show that both MgAl2Se4 and MgGa2Se4 monolayers are direct-gap semiconductors with bandgaps of 3.14 eV and 2.34 eV, respectively. The bandgap of both 2D materials is very sensitive to the in-plane biaxial strain, while the strain induced bandgap changes allow the tuning of optical absorption from the violet to green-light region. Also importantly, the in-plane electron mobility of both 2D materials is predicted to be as high as ∼0.7-1.0 × 103 cm2 V-1 s-1, notably higher than that of the MoS2 sheet (∼200 cm2 V-1 s-1), while it is comparable to that of black phosphorene (∼1000 cm2 V-1 s-1), suggesting their potential application in n-type field-effect transistors. Moreover, suitable bandgap and band-edge alignment make the monolayer MgX2Se4 a potential photocatalyst for water splitting. Lastly, we show that MgX2Se4 possesses a lower monolayer cleavage energy than that of graphite, indicating easy exfoliation of MgX2Se4 layers from their bulk.

6.
Adv Mater ; 31(49): e1906051, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621962

RESUMO

Selective hydrogenation of quinoline and its derivatives is an important means to produce corresponding 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolines for a wide spectrum of applications. A facile and efficient "laser irradiation in liquid" technique to liberate the inaccessible highly dispersed CoNx active sites confined inside N-doped carbon nanotubes is demonstrated. The liberated CoNx sites possess generic catalytic activities toward selective hydrogenation of quinoline and its hydroxyl, methyl, and halogen substituted derivatives into corresponding 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolines with almost 100% conversion efficiency and selectivity. This laser irradiation treatment approach should be widely applicable to unlock the catalytic powers of inaccessible catalytic active sites confined by other materials.

7.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 555: 166-173, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377642

RESUMO

Inorganic-organic hybrid nanomaterials, with excellent chemical and physical properties and technology applications, have attracted much attention in many fields. In the photocatalytic field, it is still a problem to find a stable, adjustable morphology and band gap and effective photocatalyst in utilizing solar energy conversion to hydrogen (H2) to solve the energy crisis. Herein, with the assistance of diethylenetriamine (DETA), the novel inorganic-organic CdSe-DETA hybrids with different morphology and adjustable band gap have been synthesised via simple microwave hydrothermal method. The morphological transformation mechanism involves the consumption of organic components controlled by the mixed precursor and subsequent self-assembly of residual inorganic components (CdSe). Under the visible light irradiation (λ > 420 nm), CdSe-18DETA nanobelt, showed the best photocatalytic H2 production activity (5.75 mmol·g-1·h-1), which is 3.03 times greater than that of pure CdSe (1.90 mmol·g-1·h-1). Moreover, after four cycles, the photocatalytic H2 production activity can still remain 91.27% of initial value, which indicates its good photocatalytic stability. Our results provide a promising approach for designing visible-light photocatalysts with efficient electron-hole separation and adjustable morphology and band gap.

8.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 553: 126-135, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202049

RESUMO

Electrocatalytic N2 reduction reaction (NRR) under ambient condition is considered as an alternative and environmental-friendly technique to substitute the conventional process of Haber-Bosch for NH3 production. However, there are still hurdles for researchers to control the balance between N2 activation and competitive hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) to obtain high selectivity of NRR. Herein, we synthesized Pt/TiO2 and Pd/TiO2 hybrids by using laser ablation in liquid (LAL) technology combined with hydrothermal treatment and compared their activity and selectivity of N2 reduction. The results concluded that Pt/TiO2 exhibited a higher NH3 yield rate whereas Pd/TiO2 achieved a better FE for artificial N2 fixation, confirming that enhanced activity surely needs more electrons and protons to participate in the reaction, but the limited protons and electrons furnishing could restrain HER activity and improve selectivity of NRR. Comparing with Pt/TiO2, Pd/TiO2 hybrids could serve as a superior catalyst for keeping a balance relationship between HER and NRR to realize excellent selectivity and high yield rate simultaneously in an alkaline solution. Overall, this work will provide a significant practice to rational design electrocatalysts for NRR at ambient conditions and Pd-based materials might open an electrocatalyst paradigm to solve the global energy and ecological crisis.

9.
Toxicol Mech Methods ; 29(7): 467-477, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050317

RESUMO

Nickel (Ni) is a common environmental pollutant, which has toxic effects on reproductive system. Nowadays, nano-selenium (Nano-Se) has aroused great attention due to its unique antioxidant effect, excellent biological activities and low toxicity. The aim of this study was to explore the protective effects of Nano-Se on NiSO4-induced testicular injury and apoptosis in rat testes. Nickel sulfate (NiSO4) (5 mg/kg b.w.) was administered intraperitoneally and Nano-Se (0.5, 1, and 2 mg Se/kg b.w., respectively) was given by oral gavage in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Histological changes in the testes were determined by H&E staining. The terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling (TUNEL) assay and immunohistochemistry were performed to evaluate the apoptosis in testes. Expression levels of mitochondrial apoptosis-related genes and proteins were analyzed by RT-qPCR and Western blot. The results showed that Nano-Se improved lesions of testicular tissue induced by NiSO4. Nano-Se significantly alleviated NiSO4-induced apoptosis in rat testes, as well as significantly downregulated the Bak, cytochrome c, caspase-9 and caspase-3 and upregulated Bcl-2 expression levels, all of which were involved in mitochondria-mediated apoptosis. Altogether, we concluded that Nano-Se may potentially exert protective effects on NiSO4-induced testicular injury and attenuate apoptosis, at least partly, via regulating mitochondrial apoptosis pathways in rat testes.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Nanopartículas/química , Níquel/toxicidade , Selênio/farmacologia , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Marcação In Situ das Extremidades Cortadas , Masculino , Tamanho da Partícula , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Selênio/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Testículo/patologia
10.
Environ Toxicol ; 34(8): 968-978, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31077554

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of Nano-Se against Ni-induced testosterone synthesis disorder in rats and determine the underlying protective mechanism. Sprague-Dawley rats were co-treated with Ni (5.0 mg/kg, i.p.) and Nano-Se (0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mg/kg, oral gavage) for 14 days after which various endpoints were evaluated. The Ni-induced abnormal pathological changes and elevated 8-OHdG levels in the testes were attenuated by Nano-Se administration. Importantly, decreased serum testosterone levels in the Ni-treated rats were significantly restored by Nano-Se treatment, particularly at 1.0 and 2.0 mg/kg. Furthermore, the mRNA and protein levels of testosterone synthetase were increased by Nano-Se compared to the Ni group, whereas phosphorylated protein expression levels of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways were suppressed by Nano-Se administration in the Ni-treated rats. Overall, the results suggest that Nano-Se may ameliorate the Ni-induced testosterone synthesis disturbance via the inhibition of ERK1/2, p38, and JNK MAPK pathways.


Assuntos
Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Níquel/toxicidade , Selênio/farmacologia , Testosterona/biossíntese , Animais , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/antagonistas & inibidores , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases JNK Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Quinases JNK Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Masculino , Nanopartículas , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/metabolismo , Testículo/patologia , Testosterona/sangue , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
11.
ACS Nano ; 13(2): 1694-1702, 2019 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30649862

RESUMO

The phase-controlled synthesis of metallic and ambient-stable 2D MX2 (M is Mo or W; X is S) with 1T octahedral coordination will endow these materials with superior performance compared with their semiconducting 2H coordination counterparts. We report a clean and facile route to prepare 1T-MoS2 and 1T-WS2 through hydrothermal processing under high magnetic fields. We reveal that the as-synthesized 1T-MoS2 and 1T-WS2 are ambient-stable for more than 1 year. Electrochemical measurements show that 1T-MoS2 performs much better than 2H-MoS2 as the anode for sodium ion batteries. These results can provide a clean and facile method to prepare ambient-stable 1T-phase MX2.

12.
Dalton Trans ; 48(3): 1067-1074, 2019 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30601532

RESUMO

Recently, cadmium selenide (CdSe) has been deeply studied because of its excellent photocatalytic hydrogen (H2) production performance. However, pure CdSe has poor stability and severe photocorrosion, which seriously affect its application prospect. In this work, we successfully deposit Bi2MoO6 on an inorganic-organic CdSe-diethylenetriamine (DETA) hybrid to design Bi2MoO6/CdSe-DETA composites by an in situ solvothermal method. The morphology, crystal structure, electrochemical properties, H2 evolution performance and the photostability of Bi2MoO6/CdSe-DETA composites are explored using various techniques. The results show that the as-prepared Bi2MoO6/CdSe-DETA composites exhibit excellent photocatalytic performance and photostability under visible light irradiation. Among them, the Bi2MoO6/CdSe-DETA hybrid system exhibits excellent photocatalytic H2 production performance (5.92 mmol g-1 h-1), which is approximately 3.6 and 1.8 times higher than that of pure CdSe and CdSe-DETA, respectively. After 4 cycles, the photocatalyst still maintains high H2 production. This study develops a new type of photocatalyst that can respond to visible light. This provides an effective way to solve the energy problem by using solar energy.

13.
Biomater Sci ; 7(1): 409-418, 2018 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30488900

RESUMO

The development of nanoplatforms with integrated therapeutic and imaging functions is necessary for highly efficient cancer therapy. Herein, 3D CuS hollow nanoflowers (HNs) consisting of 2D nanoplates are successfully fabricated through the technique of laser ablation in liquids followed by ion-exchange reactions and applied for the first time as a theranostic nanoagent for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), photothermal therapy (PTT), and chemotherapy simultaneously. Due to the sufficient and immediate contact between the exposed cupric centers of nanoplates and protons from water molecules, CuS HNs are demonstrated to be capable of being a T1 positive contrast agent for efficient MRI of tumors on the T2-weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery imaging (T2-FLAIR) sequence. Besides, the hollow structure makes CuS HNs an efficient nanoplatform for drug loading with a laser-triggered drug release. Moreover, CuS HNs exhibit high photothermal conversion efficiency (30%) and good biocompatibility. The combination of PTT and chemotherapy with CuS HNs provides a significant synergistic therapeutic effect, resulting in a higher tumor inhibition ratio than PTT or chemotherapy alone. This study demonstrates a single-component multifunctional theranostic nanoagent for T2-FLAIR MRI guided thermochemotherapy, which has great potential application in theranostics of cancer.


Assuntos
Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Cobre/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Nanoestruturas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/terapia , Nanomedicina Teranóstica/métodos , Animais , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Meios de Contraste/química , Meios de Contraste/uso terapêutico , Cobre/química , Preparações de Ação Retardada/química , Preparações de Ação Retardada/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Feminino , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Lasers , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Nanoestruturas/química
14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(23): 19897-19905, 2018 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29792327

RESUMO

The most stable structures of two-dimensional Ge xP y and Ge xAs y monolayers with different stoichiometries (e.g., GeP, GeP2, and GeP3) are explored systematically through the combination of the particle-swarm optimization technique and density functional theory optimization. For GeP3, we show that the newly predicted most stable C2/ m structure is 0.16 eV/atom lower in energy than the state-of-the-art P3̅m1 structure reported previously ( Nano Lett. 2017, 17, 1833). The computed electronic band structures suggest that all the stable and metastable monolayers of Ge xP y are semiconductors with highly tunable band gaps under the biaxial strain, allowing strain engineering of their band gaps within nearly the whole visible-light range. More interestingly, the hole doping can convert the C2/ m GeP3 monolayer from nonmagnetic to ferromagnetic because of its unique valence band structure. For the GeP2 monolayer, the predicted most stable Pmc21 structure is a (quasi) direct-gap semiconductor that possesses a high electron mobility of ∼800 cm2 V-1 s-1 along the k a direction, which is much higher than that of MoS2 (∼200 cm2 V-1 s-1). More importantly, the Pmc21 GeP2 monolayer not only can serve as an n-type channel material in field-effect transistors but also can be an effective catalyst for splitting water.

15.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 1359, 2018 01 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29358720

RESUMO

Agglomeration-triggered deactivation of supported platinum electrocatalysts markedly hinders their application in methanol oxidation reaction (MOR). In this study, graphene-supported nickel-iron layered double hydroxide (NiFe-LDH/rGO), in which Fe3+ was introduced to replace Ni2+ partially in the Ni(OH)2 lattice to provide stronger metal-support bonding sites, was utilized to immobilize Pt nanoparticles (NPs). Given the optimized metal-support interfacial contact (Fe3+-O(H)-Pt) between Pt NPs and NiFe-LDH/rGO nanosheets for Pt/NiFe-LDH/rGO electrocatalysts, the Pt/NiFe-LDH/rGO electrocatalysts displayed dramatically enhanced durability than that of Pt/Ni(OH)2/rGO counterpart as well as commercial Pt/C, and 86.5% of its initial catalytic activity can be maintained even after 1200 cycles of cyclic voltammetry (CV) tests during MOR. First-principle calculations toward the resultant M-O(H)-Pt (M = Fe3+, Ni2+) interfacial structure further corroborates that the NiFe-LDH nanosheets can provide stronger bonding sites (via the Fe3+-O(H)-Pt bonds) to immobilize Pt NPs than those of Ni(OH)2 nanosheets (via the Ni2+-O(H)-Pt bonds).

16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(13): 1563-1566, 2018 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29308477

RESUMO

Pure Ni nanoparticles with ultrafine size (2.3 ± 0.4 nm) embedded on rGO present ultrahigh catalytic activity (1600 mA mg-1), excellent stability (1020 mA mg-1 retained after 1000 cycles), and a saturation concentration (4 M) of methanol for methanol oxidation reactions, which is better than that of all previously reported Ni-based catalysts.

17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(3): 2423-2429, 2018 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29298036

RESUMO

Transition metal/nitrogen/carbon (M-N/C) catalysts are considered as one of the most promising candidates to replace Pt/C catalysts for oxygen reduction reactions (ORRs). Here, we have designed novel reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-supported Fe-N-doped carbon (Fe-N-C/rGO) catalysts via simple pyrolysis of polypyrrole (Ppy)-FeO-GO composites. The as-prepared catalysts induced an onset potential of 0.94 V and a half-wave potential of 0.81 V in alkaline solutions, which is much better than those of the counterpart N-C and N-C/rGO catalysts and comparable to that of Pt/C catalysts. Moreover, the Fe-N-C/rGO catalysts showed improved durability and higher tolerance against methanol crossover than Pt/C in alkaline solutions. This superior ORR performance can be ascribed to the combined catalytic effect of both Fe-based nanoparticles (Fe3O4, Fe4C) and Fe-Nx sites, as well as fast mass transfer and accessible active sites benefiting from the mesoporous structure and high specific surface area. This work provides new insight for synthesis of a more promising nonplatinum electrocatalyst for metal-air batteries and fuel-cell applications.

18.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 514: 165-171, 2018 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29253758

RESUMO

Loading of noble metal nanoparticles (NPs) on the surfaces of semiconductor oxides to form a hybrid nanostructure is an effective strategy to improve gas-sensing performance. In this study, WO3 nanoplatelets decorated with Au NPs were prepared by laser ablation in liquids (LAL) with subsequent aging and annealing treatments. Results indicated that Au NPs with an average size of 7.8 ±â€¯2.5 nm were highly dispersed on the surface of WO3 nanoplatelets. As gas-sensing materials, the obtained Au-decorated WO3 nanoplatelets showed lower operating temperature of 320 °C and higher response value of 3.5-fold in detecting ethanol molecules compared with pure WO3 nanoplatelets. Moreover, Au-decorated WO3 nanoplatelets displayed good selectivity toward ethanol compared with other tested vapors and excellent stability within several cycled measurements. These results can be ascribed to the supported Au NPs, which promote the adsorption and dissociation of oxygen species, eventually resulting in accelerated electron depletion on the surface of Au-WO3 hybrids.

19.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 512: 77-85, 2018 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29054009

RESUMO

The design and control of effective, sustainable, cheap, and reusable photocatalysts are crucial to the development of solar energy conversion to hydrogen (H2) for solving environmental problems. The cadmium sulfide/diethylenetriamine (CdS/DETA) hybrid in a single crystalline structure was achieved by a solvothermal approach. The organic-inorganic CdS/DETA hybrid shows high performance and satisfactory stability for H2 production under visible-light irradiation. The synergetic chemical coupling effect between CdS and DETA leads to a marked increase in the H2 generation rate and the apparent quantum yield. H2-production rate of CdS/DETA24 under visible light illumination are 31.7% and 8059.5µmolg-1h-1, respectively, which is 3.5 times more than CdS nanorods without DETA. Our findings may give a promising method to improve CdS for efficient electron-hole separation, electron transferring and anticorrosion in photocatalytic process, which reforms the conventional organic-inorganic hybrid system.

20.
Dalton Trans ; 46(34): 11335-11343, 2017 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28809983

RESUMO

Sustainable photocatalytic hydrogen evolution (PHE) of water splitting has been utilized to solve the serious environmental pollution and energy shortage problems over the last decade. Inorganic-organic hybrid materials could combine the organic molecules and functional inorganic blocks into unique materials through complicated physical and chemical interactions. In this paper, diethylenetriamine (DETA) was used as an organic molecule template for the synthesis of inorganic-organic Zn1-xCdxS-DETA solid solution nanoflowers (NFs) at very low temperature. The obtained Zn0.2Cd0.8S-DETA NFs exhibited the highest H2 production rate (12 718 µmol g-1 h-1), which is 1.75 times as high as that of CdS-DETA. The suitable conduction band potential and excellent visible-light absorption of Zn0.2Cd0.8S-DETA solid solution NFs are closely related to the excellent PHE activity. Furthermore, the calculation on the electronic structure provides a new understanding of the band-gap shifts of the Zn1-xCdxS-DETA solid solution hybrids and the design of novel structural photocatalysts.

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