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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32118411

RESUMO

Perovskite light-emitting diode (PeLED) has been vigorously developed in recent years. As it has demonstrated good performance on the rigid substrates, the next important direction of PeLED is its integration with stretchable components to realize stretchable, responsive device. Here, we describe a facile fabrication of stretchable perovskite light-emissive touch-responsive devices (PeLETDs) by utilizing highly transparent and conductive polyurethane/silver nanowires (PU/AgNWs) as the electrode. Meanwhile, a stretchable tricomposite perovskite emissive layer was developed by blending a small amount of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) and poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) with CsPbBr3. Additionally, a thin PVP layer was introduced at the bottom of the emissive layer. On one hand, it can further improve the morphology of the emissive layer; on the other hand, it can serve as an electron-injection barrier to reduce the high nonradiative recombination at the corresponding interface. Further, to fulfill the responsive function of the fabricated PeLEDs, a poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) spacer with a 100 µm thickness was inserted between the top electrode and the emissive layer. A stretchable PeLETD is finally demonstrated to possess a low turn-on voltage of 2 V with a brightness of 380.5 cd m-2 at 7.5 V and can sustain 30% uniaxial strain with a small luminance variation of 24%. More interestingly, our stretchable PeLETD exhibited high stability, which could be well touch responsivity, where the luminance is on/off switched for 300 cycles by repeatedly applying pressure.

2.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 67, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964350

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gene targeting by homology-directed repair (HDR) can precisely edit the genome and is a versatile tool for biomedical research. However, the efficiency of HDR-based modification is still low in many model organisms including zebrafish. Recently, long single-stranded DNA (lssDNA) molecules have been developed as efficient alternative donor templates to mediate HDR for the generation of conditional mouse alleles. Here we report a method, zLOST (zebrafish long single-stranded DNA template), which utilises HDR with a long single-stranded DNA template to produce more efficient and precise mutations in zebrafish. RESULTS: The efficiency of knock-ins was assessed by phenotypic rescue at the tyrosinase (tyr) locus and confirmed by sequencing. zLOST was found to be a successful optimised rescue strategy: using zLOST containing a tyr repair site, we restored pigmentation in at least one melanocyte in close to 98% of albino tyr25del/25del embryos, although more than half of the larvae had only a small number of pigmented cells. Sequence analysis showed that there was precise HDR dependent repair of the tyr locus in these rescued pigmented embryos. Furthermore, quantification of zLOST knock-in efficiency at the rps14, nop56 and th loci by next generation sequencing demonstrated that zLOST showed a clear improvement. We utilised the HDR efficiency of zLOST to precisely model specific human disease mutations in zebrafish with ease. Finally, we determined that this method can achieve a germline transmission rate of up to 31.8%. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, these results show that zLOST is a useful method of zebrafish genome editing, particularly for generating desired mutations by targeted DNA knock-in through HDR.

3.
J Ovarian Res ; 13(1): 3, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907059

RESUMO

The role of lncRNA miR503HG has been investigated in several types of cancer, but its functions in ovarian cancer (OC) is unclear. Analysis of TCGA dataset revealed a 50-fold lower expression level of miR503HG in OC tissues than that in non-tumor tissues, indicating the involvement of miR503HG in OC. Results in this study showed that miR503HG was downregulated in OC and predicted poor survival. Expression of miR503HG negatively correlated with the expression of miR-31-5p across OC and non-tumor tissues. RNA-RNA interaction analysis revealed that miR503HG can interact with miR-31-5p. Dual-luciferase assay showed that miR-31-5p and miR503HG may directly interact with each other. Methylation specific PCR (MSP) showed that overexpression of miR503HG led to increased methylation level of miR-31-5p gene. Transwell assay showed that overexpression of miR-31-5p resulted in increased invasion and migration rates of OC cells. Overexpression of MiR503HG played an opposite role and attenuated the effects of overexpressing miR-31-5p. Therefore, miR503HG may promote the methylation of miR-31-5p and serve as its sponge to inhibit OC cell invasion and migration.

4.
Funct Plant Biol ; 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813413

RESUMO

In this study we analysed the expression patterns of TaLr35PR2 and confirmed its role in Lr35-mediated adult resistance to leaf rust fungus. ß-1,3-glucanase, a pathogenesis-related protein, has a critical function in plant defence response against fungal pathogens. We previously described the full-length gene TaLr35PR2, which encodes a protein exhibiting amino acid and structural similarity to ß-1,3-glucanase, in the wheat near-isogenic line TcLr35 (GenBank accession number DQ294235.1). This work aimed to further assess TaLr35PR2 expression patterns and function in Lr35-mediated adult resistance to Puccinia triticina. Immunoblot was performed to demonstrate that TaLr35PR2 expression was triggered early by P. triticina, with expression levels markedly elevated in incompatible interaction compared with those in compatible one. Additionally, TaLr35PR2 accumulation steadily increased and overtly peaked after challenge with P. triticina through the various developmental stages of TcLr35 wheat, and remaining at similar levels after mock inoculation. Furthermore, TaLr35PR2 expression was significantly reduced in barley stripe mosaic virus (BSMV)-induced gene knockdown plants, in which pathological assessment revealed that TaLr35PR2-silenced plants was obviously susceptible to leaf rust fungus compared with wild-type TcLr35, indicating that Lr35-mediated resistance to leaf rust was diminished. These findings strongly suggest that TaLr35PR2 is involved in Lr35-mediated wheat defence against the leaf rust pathogen.

5.
World Neurosurg ; 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31816452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical decompression and conservative treatment are routinely used in the treatment of patients with malignant infarction of the middle cerebral artery (MIMCA). However, efficacy and safety are controversial. The purpose of this study is to systematically compare the clinical outcomes between surgical decompression and conservative treatment in patients with MIMCA. METHODS: This study retrieved available academic randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the clinical outcomes between surgical decompression and conservative treatment in patients with MIMCA from the databases of ScienceDirect, Cochrane Library, Embase, and PubMed. The references of previous reviews and related clinical studies were manually checked to retrieve potential literature that was not involved in our electronic search results. RESULTS: A total of 7 RCTs were included in the study. The overall number of participants in the surgical decompression group was 165, whereas it was 173 in the conservative treatment group. The results revealed that the surgical decompression group was related to a lower incidence of 1-year death (odds ratio [OR], 0.192; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.119-0.309; P < 0.001), 1-year death in patients >60 years of age (OR, 0.202; 95% CI, 0.097-0.421; P < 0.001), 1-year death in patients <60 years of age (OR, 0.145; 95% CI, 0.069-0.301; P < 0.001), 1-year death in patients treated within 48 hours of stroke onset (OR, 0.159; 95% CI, 0.090-0.282; P < 0.001), and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score ≤3 (OR, 2.082; 95% CI, 1.185-3.658; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Based on current evidence for patients with MIMCA, decompressive surgery not only is a life-saving therapy but also reduces the incidence of mortality without increasing the risk of severe disability.

6.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2019 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31863525

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are known to fine-tune growth, development, and stress-induced responses. Osa-miR1873 is a rice-specific miRNA targeting LOC_Os05g01790. Here, we show that Osa-miR1873 fine-tunes rice immunity against Magnaporthe oryzae and yield traits via LOC_Os05g01790. Osa-miR1873 was significantly upregulated in a susceptible accession but downregulated in a resistance accession at 24 h post-inoculation (hpi) of M. oryzae. Overexpressing Osa-miR1873 enhanced susceptibility to M. oryzae and compromised induction of defense responses. In contrast, blocking Osa-miR1873 through target mimicry compromised susceptibility to M. oryzae and enhanced induction of defense responses. Altered expression of Osa-miR1873 also resulted in some defects in yield traits, including grain numbers and seed setting rate. Moreover, overexpression of the target gene LOC_Os05g01790 increased rice blast disease resistance but severely penalized growth and yield. Taken together, we demonstrate that Osa-miR1873 fine-tunes the rice immunity-growth trade-off via LOC_Os05g01790, and blocking Osa-miR1873 could improve blast disease resistance without significant yield penalty. Thus, the Osa-miR1873-LOC_Os05g01790 regulatory module is valuable in balancing yield traits and blast resistance.

7.
Waste Manag Res ; : 734242X19893018, 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868133

RESUMO

To evaluate the combustion characteristics of raw or torrefied bamboo wastes and coal blends, the co-firing process determined by cone and pollutant emission was investigated by thermogravimetric analysis coupled with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The results showed that torrefaction improved the fuel properties of bamboo wastes. Torrefied bamboo had a lower volatile fuel ratio, H/C and O/C ratios, pollutant emission and a higher heating value. They further affected the co-firing process of raw or torrefied bamboo and coal. All blends had a lower ignition temperature and a more stable flame than coal. Torrefied bamboo and coal blends had a lower percentage of quality loss, a higher heat release rate (HRR), total heat release (THR) and total smoke release (TSR). With an increase in the proportion of torrefied bamboo in the blends, the HRR, THR, TSR and percentage of quality loss increased. The main pollutant emissions included CO2, CO, SO2 and NOx. All blends of torrefied bamboo and coal had a lower pollutant emission. The optimum blend suggested was 20% torrefied bamboo/80% coal.

8.
ACS Omega ; 4(21): 19246-19254, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31763548

RESUMO

Cofiring characteristics of raw or torrefied bamboo and masson pine blends with different blend ratios were investigated by cone calorimetry, and its ash performance from cofiring was also determined by a YX-HRD testing instrument, X-ray fluorescence, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Results showed that bamboo and masson pine had the different physicochemical properties. Torrefaction improved fuel performances, resulting in a more stable cofiring process. It also decreased the heat release rate, total heat release, and total suspended particulates of fuels, especially CO2 and CO release. Masson pine ash mainly included CaO, SiO2, Fe2O3, K2O, and Al2O3. Bamboo ash was mainly composed of K2O, SiO2, MgO, and SO3. There were different melting temperatures and trends between different samples. The synergistic reaction of ash components was found during the cofiring process. The surface morphology of blend ash changed with the variation of bamboo or masson pine content.

9.
J Environ Manage ; 251: 109589, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31546141

RESUMO

To understand the bud banks response to grazing exclusion, we conducted a demographic experiment in long-term grazing exclusion (20 year and 30 year) typical steppe. Results showed that grass functional group constituted the vast majority of the aboveground vegetation and belowground bud bank in all treatments. Long-term grazing exclusion significantly increased total aboveground biomass (2.5 and 2.6 times in 20y and 30y grazing exclusion grasslands, respectively), and decreased total stem density (31% and 37% in 20y and 30y grazing exclusion grasslands, respectively). Grazing exclusion for 20 and 30 years increased grass aboveground biomass respectively by 6.0 and 8.0 times, and decreased grass stem density by 38% and 33%. Grazing exclusion had different effects on belowground bud density of grass and forb functional group. Long-term grazing exclusion significantly increased plant buds and bud bank size (25% and 37% in 20y and 30y grazing exclusion grasslands, respectively), especially for grass functional group (49% and 95% in 20y and 30y grazing exclusion grasslands, respectively), but had no significant effects on forb bud density. Changes of aboveground community were significantly related to changes of belowground bud bank under both grazing and grazing exclusion grasslands. The bud bank density of grass functional group was significantly positive with total (R2 = 0.33, P < 0.05) and grass aboveground biomass (R2 = 0.36, P < 0.01), while negative related with total (R2 = -0.27, P < 0.05) and grass stem density (R2 = -0.22, P < 0.05). Grazed grasslands, 20y and 30y grazing exclusion grasslands all were not meristem limited and had large reserve bud banks, which would completely replace the aboveground stem population during the growing season. These findings indicate that grazing exclusion could not only improve a large bud bank for grassland restoration but also improve the dominance of grass functional group by increasing grass belowground bud banks in typical steppe community. We propose that the belowground bud bank might be a good approach to indicating potential succession direction of aboveground community.


Assuntos
Pradaria , Poaceae , Biomassa , Plantas , Estações do Ano
10.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 93: 612-622, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408730

RESUMO

In teleost fish, IgM+ B cells play important roles in innate and adaptive immunity. Different IgM+ B cells are detected in teleost, named IgMlo and IgMhi B cell subsets, according to the distinct expression levels of membrane IgM (mIgM). However, the study on the heterogeneity in IgM+ B cell subsets remains poorly understood. In this study, the comparative transcriptomic profiles of IgM-, IgMlo and IgMhi from peripheral blood of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) were carried out by using RNA-sequencing technique. A total of 6045 and 5470 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were detected in IgMlo and IgMhi cells, respectively, as compared with IgM- lymphocytes, whereas 3835 genes were differentially expressed when IgMlo compared to IgMhi cells. Analysis of the KEGG database indicated that the DEGs were enriched in immune system categories and signaling transduction and interaction in IgM- vs IgMhi, IgM- vs IgMlo and IgMlo vs IgMhi. Comparatively, in IgMlo vs IgMhi, GO enrichment analysis indicated that the DEGs enriched in nucleic acid binding transcription factor activity. Analysis of crucial transcription factors for B cell differentiation indicated that IgMlo and IgMhi cell clusters belonged to the different B cell subsets. The data generated in this study may provide insights into understanding the heterogeneity of IgM+ cells in teleost, and suggest that IgM+ B cells play a crucial role in innate immunity.


Assuntos
Ciclídeos/genética , Ciclídeos/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/genética , Imunoglobulina M/imunologia , Transcrição Genética/imunologia , Animais , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , Imunoglobulina M/genética , Leucócitos/imunologia , /veterinária
11.
Molecules ; 24(16)2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434214

RESUMO

Bamboo shoots, a promising renewable biomass, mainly consist of carbohydrates and other nitrogen-related compounds, such as proteins, amino acids and nucleotides. In this work, nitrogen self-doped activated carbons derived from bamboo shoots were prepared via a simultaneous carbonization and activation process. The adsorption properties of the prepared samples were evaluated by removing methylene blue from waste water. The factors that affect the adsorption process were examined, including initial concentration, contact time and pH of methylene blue solution. The resulting that BSNC-800-4 performed better in methylene blue removal from waste water, due to its high specific surface area (2270.9 m2 g-1), proper pore size (2.19 nm) and relatively high nitrogen content (1.06%). Its equilibrium data were well fitted to Langmuir isotherm model with a maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of 458 mg g-1 and a removal efficiency of 91.7% at methylene blue concentration of 500 mg L-1. The pseudo-second-order kinetic model could be used to accurately estimate the carbon material's (BSNC-800-4) adsorption process. The adsorption mechanism between methylene blue solution and BSNC-800-4 was controlled by film diffusion. This study provides an alternative way to develop nitrogen self-doped activated carbons to better meet the needs of the adsorption applications.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal/química , Azul de Metileno/isolamento & purificação , Nitrogênio/química , Sasa/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação , Adsorção , Corantes/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Azul de Metileno/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Modelos Químicos , Brotos de Planta/química , Porosidade , Fatores de Tempo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
12.
Cancer Med ; 8(14): 6344-6357, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464090

RESUMO

RIG-I is associated with the occurrence and development of many tumors. However, the role of RIG-I in radiotherapy and chemotherapy in NPC has not been reported to date. In our study, RIG-I expression was significantly reduced in chemoradiotherapy-resistant NPC tissues and cells compared with that in therapy-sensitive tissues and cells. RIG-I expression increased in nonresistant NPC cells, including CNE1 and CNE2, in a dose-dependent manner with increasing chemotherapy drug concentration or radiotherapy dose. RIG-I overexpression promoted radiotherapy and chemotherapy sensitivity in NPC cells, leading to cellular apoptosis and increased expression of the proapoptotic factors BAX and caspase-3. Similarly, RIG-I knockdown in NPC cells promoted chemoradiotherapy resistance and reduced apoptosis. Analysis of microarray data indicated that the expression of IFN/JAK2 and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response markers, such as JAK2, STAT1, IRF9, IFNB1, IRF3, p-IRF3, XBP1, ATF6, IFIT2, and ISG15, was inhibited in chemoradiotherapy-resistant cells compared with that in sensitive cells. Conversely, activation of IFN/JAK2 and ER stress response pathways in NPC cells reduced paclitaxel resistance and increased apoptosis. RIG-I promotes IFN/JAK2 and ER stress response-mediated apoptosis to inhibit chemoradiation resistance in nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

13.
J Transcult Nurs ; : 1043659619864157, 2019 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322051

RESUMO

Introduction: More than 42 million people are estimated to suffer from valvular heart disease (VHD) worldwide with a prevalence of 5.3% to 7.7% in the Chinese adult population. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between symptoms, hope, self-management behaviors, and quality of life (QOL) for preoperative patients with symptomatic VHD in a rural area of China. Method: This was a descriptive comparative study that took place in Nanning, China, between January 2015 and March 2016. The sample was 128 preoperative patients with symptomatic VHD. Data were collected using the Symptom Distress Questionnaire, Herth Hope Index, Self-Management Scale, and Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire. Results: Data from 122 patients were included in the final analysis. Mean scores of hope, self-management, and QOL were 36.71, 55.27, and 55.56. Worse total scores of symptom severity (r = 0.57 to 0.69, p < .001) and self-management behaviors (r = -0.22 to -0.25, p < .05) were associated with poorer QOL. Fatigue, loss of appetite, and self-management behaviors explained 49.90% variance of QOL (p < .001). Discussion: Fatigue, loss of appetite, and self-management influenced QOL of patients with symptomatic VHD. Interventions aimed at strengthening self-management and relieving symptoms should be tailored for patients with symptomatic VHD base on their traditional animist belief and food culture in rural areas of China such as the Zhuang Autonomous Region.

14.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 91: 68-77, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31096060

RESUMO

Mannose-binding lectin-associated serine protease-1 (MASP-1), a multifunctional serine protease, plays an important role in innate immunity which is capable of activating the lectin pathway of the complement system and also triggering coagulation cascade system. In this study, a MASP-1 homolog (OnMASP-1) was identified from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and characterized at expression and inflammation functional levels. The open reading frame (ORF) of OnMASP-1 is 2187 bp of nucleotide sequence encoding a polypeptide of 728 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence has 6 characteristic structures, including two C1r/C1s-Uegf-BMP domains (CUB), one epidermal growth factor domain (EGF), two complement control protein domains (CCP) and a catalytic serine protease domain (SP). Expression analysis revealed that the OnMASP-1 was highly expressed in the liver, and widely exhibited in other tissues containing intestine, spleen and kidney. In addition, the OnMASP-1 expression was significantly up-regulated in spleen and head kidney following challenges with Streptococcus agalactiae and Aeromonas hydrophila. The up-regulations of OnMASP-1 mRNA and protein expression were also demonstrated in hepatocytes and monocytes/macrophages in vitro stimulation with S. agalactiae and A. hydrophila. Recombinant OnMASP-1 protein was likely to participate in the regulation of inflammatory and migration reaction by monocytes/macrophages. These results indicated that OnMASP-1, playing an important role in innate immunity, was likely to involve in host defense against bacterial infection in Nile tilapia.


Assuntos
Ciclídeos/genética , Ciclídeos/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/genética , Serina Proteases Associadas a Proteína de Ligação a Manose/genética , Serina Proteases Associadas a Proteína de Ligação a Manose/imunologia , Aeromonas hydrophila/fisiologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/imunologia , Serina Proteases Associadas a Proteína de Ligação a Manose/química , Filogenia , Alinhamento de Sequência/veterinária , Infecções Estreptocócicas/imunologia , Streptococcus agalactiae/fisiologia
15.
Carcinogenesis ; 40(7): 819-827, 2019 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125406

RESUMO

Cancer is a complex disease, which may involve multiple tumor susceptibility genes that mediate the occurrence and development of tumor molecular events. This study aimed to identify new genetic loci using genome-wide linkage analysis and whole-exome sequencing in a rare, large multi-cancer pedigree recently found in China. We performed high-throughput single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array and linkage analyses of 24 core members of this pedigree and found that the disease susceptibility locus in the multi-cancer pedigree was mapped to chromosome 3q24-26. We also used microsatellites to further validate the results of the SNP locus linkage analysis. Furthermore, we sequenced the whole exome of three members in this pedigree and identified a novel mutant of transforming growth factor ß stimulated clone 22 domain family, member 2 (TSC22D2, c.-91T-C) cosegregated with the cancer phenotype. This change was at a highly conserved position, and the exome results were validated using linkage analysis. Moreover, we found the histone H4 transcription factor (HINFP) binds to the promoter region of TSC22D2 and may regulate its transcription. In conclusion, our findings are of great significance to the early pathogenesis of tumors and contribute to the search for molecular targets for the early prevention and treatment of tumors.

16.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(16): 16195-16209, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30972683

RESUMO

CO2, SO2, and NO are the main components of flue gas and can cause serious environmental issues. Utilization of these compounds in oleaginous microalgae cultivation not only could reduce air pollution but could also produce feedstock for biodiesel production. However, the continuous input of SO2 and NO inhibits microalgal growth. In this study, the toxicity of simulated flue gas (15% CO2, 0.03% SO2, and 0.03% NO, balanced with N2) was reduced through automatic pH feedback control. Integrated lipid production and CO2 fixation with the removal of SO2 and NO was achieved. Using this technique, a lipid content of 38.0% DW was achieved in Chlorella pyrenoidosa XQ-20044. The lipid composition and fatty acid profile indicated that lipid production by C. pyrenoidosa XQ-20044 cultured with flue gas is suitable as a biodiesel feedstock; 81.2% of the total lipids were neutral lipids and 99.5% of the total fatty acids were C16 and C18. The ratio of saturated fatty acids to monounsaturated fatty acids in the microalgal lipid content was 74.5%. In addition, CO2, SO2, and NO from the simulated flue gas were fixed and converted to biomass and lipids with a removal efficiency of 95.9%, 100%, and 84.2%, respectively. Furthermore, the utilization efficiencies of CO2, SO2, and NO were equal to or very close to their removal efficiencies. These results provide a novel strategy for combining biodiesel production with biofixation of flue gas.


Assuntos
Biotecnologia/métodos , Chlorella/efeitos dos fármacos , Chlorella/metabolismo , Lipídeos/biossíntese , Poluentes Atmosféricos/química , Poluentes Atmosféricos/isolamento & purificação , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Biocombustíveis , Biomassa , Biotecnologia/instrumentação , Dióxido de Carbono/isolamento & purificação , Dióxido de Carbono/toxicidade , Chlorella/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Microalgas/efeitos dos fármacos , Microalgas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Microalgas/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/isolamento & purificação , Óxido Nítrico/toxicidade , Dióxido de Enxofre/isolamento & purificação , Dióxido de Enxofre/toxicidade
17.
PLoS One ; 14(3): e0213446, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30870444

RESUMO

Salvia splendens is a perennial, ornamental herbaceous flower that is widely cultivated as a bedding plant in gardens. The development of novel S. splendens cultivars and investigating the relevant molecular mechanisms are of great significance. In this study, RNA-sequencing and real-time PCR methods were used to analyze the possible molecular mechanism of S. splendens mutant, SX919M. From the wild-type S. splendens 919CK, we firstly selected a natural mutant, SX919M, which displayed multiple branches, clustered spheroids, and radial symmetrical inflorescence with higher numbers of calyces, ovules, stamens, and perianth tubes. Further, the RNA-seq was used to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the mutant which included a total of 3568 upregulated and 3290 downregulated unigenes. We further observed that the indole alkaloid biosynthesis pathway showed the highest DEG enrichment, which was supported by a significant increase in the IAA content in mutant SX919M. In addition, we validated three DEGs, namely, CL2200.Contig2_All encoding methyl IAA esterase, CL12462.Contig1_All and CL12462.Contig2_All, which encoded strictosidine synthase, upregulated in mutant SX919M. We selected a novel S. splendens germplasm SX919M with a high ornamental value and determined that the upregulation of IAA biogenesis may be associated with its development.


Assuntos
Salvia/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Salvia/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genes de Plantas , Ácidos Indolacéticos/metabolismo , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Mutação , Fenótipo , Melhoramento Vegetal , RNA de Plantas/genética , Salvia/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transcriptoma
18.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(7): 3795-3804, 2019 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30714064

RESUMO

The selective removal of oxygen from 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is challenging for the effective utilization of biomass. The catalytic mechanisms of palladium acetate toward the conversion of HMF to furfuryl alcohol (FFA), 5-methylfurfural (5-MF) and 2,5-dihydroxymethyl furan (DHMF) have been theoretically investigated. The decarbonylation of HMF to FFA includes (i) migratory extrusion, (ii) metal-acetate-co-assisted deprotonation, (iii) decarbonylation, (iv) metal-assisted deprotonation, and (v) migratory extrusion and catalyst regeneration. Both hydrogenation and deoxidation of HMF with HCOOH as the H-source involve (i) migratory extrusion, (ii) oxidative addition, (iii) reductive elimination, (iv) metal-assisted deprotonation, and (v) migratory extrusion and catalyst regeneration. The C-H bond cleavage is the crucial reaction step, in which the metal-acetate-co-assisted deprotonation is kinetically more preferable than the oxidative addition. Both FFA and DHMF are kinetically superior to 5-MF. In terms of selectivity, increasing the temperature is beneficial to decarbonylation and decreasing the temperature is advantageous to hydrogenation. The present finding provides molecular-level insight into the functions of both the metal-center and coordinated-ligand in the Pd(OAc)2 catalyst, which may drive the novel design of catalytic systems toward both decarbonylation and hydrogenation reactions.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30754673

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) in paddy soil is one of the most harmful potentially toxic elements threatening human health. In order to study the effect of lime combined with intermittent and flooding conditions on the soil pH, Cd availability and its accumulation in tissues at the tillering, filling and maturity stages of rice, as well as enzyme activity and the microbial community in contaminated soil, a field experiment was conducted. The results showed that liming under flooding conditions is a more suitable strategy for in situ remediation of Cd-contaminated paddy soil than intermittent conditions. The availability of Cd in soils was closely related to the duration of flooding. Liming was an effective way at reducing available Cd in flooding soil because it promotes the transformation of Cd in soil from acid-extractable to reducible fraction or residual fraction during the reproductive growth period of rice. Compared with control, after liming, the concentration of Cd in brown rice was reduced by 34.9% under intermittent condition while reduced by 55.8% under flooding condition. Meanwhile, phosphatase, urease, and invertase activities in soil increased by 116.7%, 61.4% and 28.8%, and 41.3%, 46.5% and 20.8%, respectively. The high urease activity in tested soils could be used to assess soil recovery with liming for the remediation of contaminated soil. Soil microbial diversity was determined by the activities of soil acid phosphatase, urease and available Cd by redundancy analysis (RDA). The results indicated that the problem of Cd-contaminated paddy soil could achieve risk control of agricultural planting by chemical treatment such as lime, combined with various water regimes.


Assuntos
Cádmio/química , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Oryza , Óxidos/química , Poluentes do Solo/química , Bactérias , Solo/química , Água/análise
20.
Rev. bras. farmacogn ; 29(1): 111-124, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-990759

RESUMO

Abstract Toona sinensis (Juss.) M.Roem, Meliaceae, a deciduous plant native to eastern and southeastern Asia, is widely used in Traditional Chinese Medicine. This paper was aimed to summarize the current advances in traditional usage, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of T. sinensis. In this review, various types of data of T. sinensis are discussed in the corresponding parts of this paper, and perspectives for possible future studies of this plant are discussed. The main constituents of T. sinensis are terpenoids, phenylpropanoids and flavonoids, etc., and its pharmacological activities include anti-tumor effects, antioxidant activities, anti-diabetic effects and anti-inflammatory effects. Although a series of phytochemical and pharmacological researches of this plant have been conducted, the active constituents and action mechanism of these activities should be also further explored. Furthermore, the present review also indicates that T. sinensis has potentials to develop into drugs for treating various diseases with high efficacy and low toxicity, particularly in cancer, diabetes and inflammatory disorders. In conclusion, the paper provides a full-scale profile of the traditional usage, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of T. sinensis, and also provides potential therapeutic uses and drug development prospects of this plant.

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