Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 314
Filtrar
2.
Front Physiol ; 12: 761910, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744797

RESUMO

Potassium channels are involved in membrane hyperpolarization and ion homeostasis regulation during human sperm capacitation. However, the types of potassium channels in human sperm remain controversial. The voltage-gated ion channel KCNQ1 is ubiquitously expressed and regulates key physiological processes in the human body. In the present study, we investigated whether KCNQ1 is expressed in human sperm and what role it might have in sperm function. The expression and localization of KCNQ1 in human sperm were evaluated using Western blotting and indirect immunofluorescence. During capacitation incubation, human sperm were treated with KCNQ1- specific inhibitor chromanol 293B. Sperm motility was analyzed using a computer-assisted sperm analyzer. The acrosome reaction was studied using fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated Pisum sativum agglutinin staining. Protein tyrosine phosphorylation levels and localization after capacitation were determined using Western blotting and immunofluorescence. Intracellular K+, Ca2+, Cl-, pH, and membrane potential were analyzed using fluorescent probes. The results demonstrate that KCNQ1 is expressed and localized in the head and tail regions of human sperm. KCNQ1 inhibition reduced sperm motility, acrosome reaction rates, and protein tyrosine phosphorylation but had no effect on hyperactivation. KCNQ1 inhibition also increased intracellular K+, membrane potential, and intracellular Cl-, while decreasing intracellular Ca2+ and pH. In conclusion, the KCNQ1 channel plays a crucial role during human sperm capacitation.

3.
Front Oncol ; 11: 718791, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34745943

RESUMO

Evidence suggests that histone modification disorders are involved in leukemia pathogenesis. We previously reported that LukS-PV, a component of Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL), has antileukemia activities that can induce differentiation, increase apoptosis, and inhibit proliferation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. Furthermore, LukS-PV inhibited hepatoma progression by regulating histone deacetylation, speculating that LukS-PV may exert antileukemia activity by targeting histone modification regulators. In this study, the results showed that LukS-PV induced apoptosis by downregulating the methyltransferase SET8 and its target histone H4 monomethylated at Lys 20 (H4K20me1). Furthermore, chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing and polymerase chain reaction identified the kinase PIK3CB as a downstream target gene for apoptosis mediated by SET8/H4K20me1. Finally, our results indicated that LukS-PV induced apoptosis via the PIK3CB-AKT-FOXO1 signaling pathway by targeting SET8. This study indicates that SET8 downregulation is one of the mechanisms by which LukS-PV induces apoptosis in AML cells, suggesting that SET8 may be a potential therapeutic target for AML. Furthermore, LukS-PV may be a drug candidate for the treatment of AML that targets epigenetic modifications.

4.
Front Oncol ; 11: 754768, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820326

RESUMO

Background: Targeted therapies have led to significant improvement in the management and prognosis of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We performed a network meta-analysis of frontline treatment options of ALK-positive NSCLC to provide clinical guidance. Methods: PubMed, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov, and international conference databases were searched to identify relevant trials from inception to June 30, 2021. Phase III randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing treatments for patients with ALK-positive advanced NSCLC in the first-line setting were included in a Bayesian network meta-analysis. Eligible studies reported at least one of the following clinical outcomes: progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), risk of the central nervous system (CNS) progression, adverse events (AEs) of grade (G) 3 or higher (G3 AEs), or serious AEs (SAEs). Hazard ratios (HRs) and CI for primary outcome of PFS and secondary outcome of OS and risk of CNS progression were obtained. A multivariate, consistency model, fixed-effects analysis was used in the network meta-analysis. Data on G3 AEs and SAEs were abstracted and meta-analyzed. Risk of bias (RoB) was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool. Results: Nine RCTs comprising 2,484 patients were included with seven treatments: alectinib, brigatinib, ceritinib, crizotinib, ensartinib, lorlatinib, and chemotherapy. Compared with chemotherapy, ALK-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) significantly prolong PFS and reduced risk of CNS progression except for ceritinib. Lorlatinib appears superior at reducing risk of CNS progression. None of the ALK-TKIs have a significantly prolonged OS as compared with chemotherapy. Lorlatinib increases the risk of G3 AEs as compared with alectinib (odds ratio 4.26 [95% CrI 1.22 to 15.53]), while alectinib caused the fewest G3 AEs. Conclusions: Lorlatinib is associated with the highest PFS benefit and lowest risk of CNS progression benefits for patients with advanced ALK-positive NSCLC, compared with other first-line treatments, but with higher toxicity. The implementation of a newer generation of ALK-TKIs in the first-line treatment of ALK-positive NSCLC into current clinical practice is evolving rapidly.

5.
J Hepatol ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34793865

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: To investigate the prognostic value and relevant mechanisms of tertiary lymphoid structures (TLSs) in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA). METHODS: We retrospectively included 962 patients from three cancer centers across China. The TLSs at different anatomic subregions were quantified and correlated with overall survival (OS) by Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier analyses. Multiplex immunohistochemistry (mIHC) was applied to characterize the composition of TLSs in 39 iCCA samples. RESULTS: A quaternary TLS scoring system was established for intra-tumor region (T score) and peri-tumor region (P score) respectively. T score positively correlated with favorable prognosis (P<0.001), whereas a high P score signified a worse survival (P<0.001). Then, mIHC demonstrated that both Tfh and Treg cells were significantly increased in intra-tumor TLSs than peri-tumor counterparts (P<0.05), and Treg cell frequencies within intra-tumor TLSs were positively associated with P score (P<0.05) rather than T score. Collectively, the combination of T and P scores stratified iCCAs into four Immune Classes with distinct prognosis (P<0.001) that differed in the abundance and distribution pattern of TLSs. Patients displayed an immune active pattern had the lowest risk, with 5-year OS rates of 68.8%, whereas only 3.4% of patients with immune excluded pattern survived at 5 years (P<0.001). The C-index of the Immune Class was statistically higher than the TNM staging system (0.73 vs 0.63, P<0.001). These results were validated in an internal and two external cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: The spatial distribution and abundance of TLSs significantly correlated with prognosis and provided a useful immune classification for iCCA. Tfh and Treg cells may play a critical role in determining the functional orientation of spatially different TLSs. LAY SUMMARY: Tertiary lymphoid structures (TLSs) have been attracting extensive attentions as they are associated with favorable prognosis through activating endogenous anti-tumor immune response. However, their role in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) remains elusive. Herein, we comprehensively evaluated the spatial distribution, abundance, and cellular composition of TLSs in iCCA, and revealed opposite prognostic impacts of TLSs located within or outside tumor region. The heterogeneous distribution of Tfh and Treg cells within the spatially different TLSs might be determinant of their functional state. Successfully, the integrated analysis of TLSs stratified iCCAs into four immune subclasses with distinct clinical outcomes.

6.
Pediatr Res ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785781

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A body shape index (ABSI) is an emerging anthropometric indicator, challenging two traditional parameters: body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). We aimed to systematically compare and validate the capability of anthropometric indicators for determining pediatric high blood pressure (HBP). METHODS: A total of 3150 participants aged 7-17 years were enrolled from Suzhou, China. Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) were obtained to evaluate the performance of anthropometric indicators in detecting HBP. DeLong's test was used to examine whether the AUCs of anthropometric indicators in contrast to BMI or original ABSI were statistically different. Furthermore, a meta-analysis was performed to combine results from this study and five similar articles from databases. RESULTS: In Suzhou population, BMI exhibited the largest AUC (AUC = 0.705), followed by WC (AUC = 0.669) and original ABSI (AUC = 0.514). Modified ABSI (AUC: 0.537-0.681), although had slightly better performance than original ABSI, was still less valuable than BMI (P < 0.05), either in the total sample or in boys. The meta-analysis with 21108 children and adolescents subsequently confirms the results derived from Suzhou population. CONCLUSIONS: In predicting pediatric HBP, original ABSI and modified ABSI underperform BMI and WC. IMPACT: The current study is the first to evaluate whether original ABSI or modified ABSI is comparable to BMI and WC for screening HBP in children and adolescents. In predicting pediatric HBP, original ABSI and modified ABSI do not perform as well as traditional anthropometric indicators, such as BMI and WC. BMI remains the optimal indicator in pediatric HBP screening. This study provides a theoretical basis for the early identification of HBP in children and adolescents by adopting effective predictors.

7.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 144: 112294, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653764

RESUMO

Tolerizing DNA vaccines encoding key autoantigens are one of emerging strategies for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Among these vaccines, the most representative is pcDNA-CCOL2A1, an antigen-specific DNA vaccine encoding chicken type Ⅱ collagen (CCⅡ) with significant therapeutic and prophylactic efficacy in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rat models. We compared the in situ expression levels of CCOL2A1-mRNA and CCⅡ protein and the protective efficacies against CIA after a single dose (300 µg/kg) of this vaccine via intramuscular (IM), subcutaneous (SC) and intravenous (IV) vaccinations. The IM vaccination routes resulted in good protective efficacies in terms of decreasing CIA incidence and severity and significantly improved radiographic and histopathologic findings and scores of joints. Furthermore, IM, SC, and IV vaccinations markedly decreased serum levels of anti-type Ⅱ collagen (CⅡ) IgG antibodies, but only IM vaccination significantly reduced serum levels of rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibody. The vaccine exhibited a continuous CCOL2A1-mRNA expression in the tail and abdominal subcutaneous tissue injection sites, but no CCOL2A1-mRNA signal was observed in muscle. Strikingly, CCⅡ protein expression levels at the three injection sites were comparable with minimal variation. IM administration may be considered the preferred route for RA treatment in clinical practice.

8.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 143: 112200, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649342

RESUMO

The pathology of cerebrovascular disorders takes an important role in traumatic brain injury (TBI) by increasing intracranial pressure. Fibroblast growth factor 20 (FGF20) is a brain-derived neurotrophic factor, that has been shown to play an important role in the survival of dopaminergic neurons and the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, little is known about the role of FGF20 in the treatment of TBI and its underlying mechanism. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of recombinant human FGF20 (rhFGF20) on protecting cerebral blood vessels after TBI. In this study, we indicated that rhFGF20 could reduce brain edema, Evans blue penetration and upregulated the expression of blood-brain barrier (BBB)-related tight junction (TJ) proteins, exerting a protective effect on the BBB in vivo after TBI. In the TBI repair phase, rhFGF20 promoted angiogenesis, neurological and cognitive function recovery. In tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-induced human brain microvascular endothelial cells (hCMEC/D3), an in vitro BBB disruption model, rhFGF20 reversed the impairment in cell migration and tube formation induced by TNF-α. Moreover, in both the TBI mouse model and the in vitro model, rhFGF20 increased the expression of ß-catenin and GSK3ß, which are the two key regulators in the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. In addition, the Wnt/ß-catenin inhibitor IWR-1-endo significantly reversed the effects of rhFGF20. These results indicate that rhFGF20 may prevent vascular repair and angiogenesis through the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway.

9.
Inorg Chem ; 60(19): 15041-15047, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528788

RESUMO

A new alkali metal-rare earth metal anhydrous sulfate, KTb(SO4)2 (KTSO), was synthesized by a hydrothermal method. It crystallized in the non-centrosymmetric (NCS) orthorhombic space group P212121 with cell parameters a = 5.43950(10), b = 8.8579(3), c = 13.3962(4), Z = 2. Its structure is composed of [KO11], [TbO8], and [SO4] groups, which are interconnected to constitute a one-dimensional (1D) chain, and then further linked to construct a three-dimensional (3D) network structure through [SO4] units. The results of the powder frequency doubling test show that KTb(SO4)2 has a phase-matching second-order nonlinear optical effect of 0.3 times that of KH2PO4 (KDP). The measured birefringence of the crystal (0.01) agrees well with the calculated value (0.019). Meanwhile, its infrared and ultraviolet spectrum and thermal properties were studied, respectively. Its optical properties and band gap structure are studied by theoretical calculation. This work provides a NCS structure of anhydrous sulfates and offers guidance for further exploration of new anhydrous sulfates.

10.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 9116502, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34589159

RESUMO

Affective disorders are the leading causes of human disability worldwide; however, the diagnosis is still hard to define, because emotion is the least study subjects in psychology. Recent emotional studies suggest that human emotions are developed from basic emotions, which are evolved for fundamental human lives. Even though most psychologists agree upon the idea that there are some basic emotions, there is little agreement on how many emotions are basic, which emotions are basic, and why they are basic. In our previous papers, we suggested that there are three basic emotions: joy, fear, and disgust. These basic emotions depend on the peptides and monoamines: dopamine-joy (peptides-reward), norepinephrine-fear (anger), and serotonin-disgust (sadness). Further tests with event-related potentials (ERP) found that joy, fear, and disgust showed the fastest response compared with other emotions, suggesting that they are fast automatic responses, which confirmed that these three emotions are prototypical emotions. Other basic emotions, anger and sadness, are due to object induced behaviors instead of sensation of object, so they developed secondary to prototypical emotions. Thus, we concluded that only joy, fear, and disgust are prototypical emotions, which can mix into other emotions, like the primary colors. In all, the neural substrates for all emotions, including the affections, are possibly monoamine neuromodulators: joy-dopamine (peptides), fear (anger)-norepinephrine, and disgust-serotonin. We hope these basic emotional studies will offer some neural mechanisms for emotional processing and shed lights on the diagnosis of affective disorders.

11.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 263, 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537071

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fatal pericardial tamponade caused by aortic or atrial perforation due to erosion of atrial septal occluders has been reported previously, but the timing of erosion is uncertain, and the process is also unclear. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 5-year-old boy with erosion of the aorta and atrium by the occluder not leading to perforation or pericardial tamponade because of early detection and timely surgery. A small amount of pericardial effusion may be the only manifestation of early erosion. This case firstly revealed the early process of device erosion in children. CONCLUSIONS: An absent aortic rim may be a higher risk factor for erosion than oversized device for a child, and it is wise to choose a relatively small occluder or change to surgery. This may be helpful for preventing and treating serious complications caused by erosion of the occluder.


Assuntos
Tamponamento Cardíaco , Traumatismos Cardíacos , Comunicação Interatrial , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Tamponamento Cardíaco/diagnóstico , Tamponamento Cardíaco/etiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Comunicação Interatrial/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413243

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pipeline embolization devices (PEDs) have gained widespread popularity in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms (IAs). However, precise predictors of treatment outcomes are still lacking. This study aimed to use angiographic parametric imaging (API)-derived radiomics features to explore whether biomarkers extracted from immediate postprocedural digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were associated with complications and embolization outcomes of IAs treated with PED without adjunctive coils. METHODS: Radiomic features were extracted from postprocedural DSA by API, and radiomics feature selection and radiomics score calculation were performed by the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) logistic regression. Angiographic findings and clinical characteristics were screened using stepwise multivariable logistic regression analysis to identify significant variables for predicting the complication endpoint. Radiomics feature selection and radiomics risk score (RadRS) calculations were performed by LASSO Cox regression. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to identify significant predictors for the occlusion endpoint. RESULTS: We screened 281 observations for complications and 235 observations for embolization outcomes from IAs treated in our center using PED between June 2015 and July 2020. Multivariate regression analysis showed association of the radiomics score (p<0.01) and hypertension (p=0.04) with complications. RadRS (p<0.01), symptoms (p<0.01), and age (p=0.03) were predictors of embolization outcomes. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that symptomatic patients (p<0.01) and those with off-label IAs (p=0.03) had shorter intervals to complete occlusion. CONCLUSIONS: Biomarkers extracted from immediate postprocedural DSA by API could be potential indicators for assessing treatment outcomes of IAs treated by PED without adjunctive coils.

13.
Org Lett ; 23(16): 6237-6241, 2021 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34339206

RESUMO

The direct Pd-catalyzed ß-C-H arylation of aldehydes and ketones was developed by using 2-amino-N,N'-diisopropylsuccinamide as a novel transient directing group (TDG). The TDG showed good versatility in functionalizing unactivated ß-C-H bonds of aldehydes and ketones. It was effective not only for aliphatic aldehydes and ketones but also for aromatic aldehydes and ketones. Besides, it was applicable to o-methylbenzaldehydes.

14.
Dalton Trans ; 50(33): 11555-11561, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351334

RESUMO

Birefringent crystals with strong anisotropy are important components in modern optical devices. The newly discovered planar π-conjugated cyanurate group (HxC3N3O3)x-3 (x = 0-3) has been demonstrated as an effective functional motif for improving birefringence in the ultraviolet region. Here, single co-crystals of alkali halide cyanurates, RbBr·(H3C3N3O3) (I), RbI·(H3C3N3O3) (II), and CsBr·(H3C3N3O3) (III) were synthesized by the ethanol solution method, and NaBr·(H3C3N3O3) (IV) was obtained via the solvent-drop grinding method. These four co-crystals feature a planar (H3C3N3O3) arrangement and exhibit wide band gaps (> 4.90 eV), tunable birefringence (Δnexp∼ 0.124-0.256), and high thermal stability (156 °C-349 °C). In addition, first principles calculations were also carried out to evaluate the relationship between molecule density, spatial arrangement and optical birefringence, and suggested a great tailoring effect of the alkali metal and halogen species on regulating the optical anisotropy of co-crystal cyanurates.

15.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1288: 1-20, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453729

RESUMO

Non-receptor tyrosine kinases (NRTKs) are implicated in various biological processes including cell proliferation, differentiation, survival, and apoptosis, as well as cell adhesion and movement. NRTKs are expressed in all mammals and in different cell types, with extraordinarily high expression in the testis. Their association with the plasma membrane and dynamic subcellular localization are crucial parameters in their activation and function. Many NRTKs are found in endosomal protein trafficking pathways, which suggests a novel mechanism to regulate the timely junction restructuring in the mammalian testis to facilitate spermiation and germ cell transport across the seminiferous epithelium.


Assuntos
Epitélio Seminífero , Espermatogênese , Animais , Adesão Celular , Masculino , Células de Sertoli , Testículo , Tirosina
16.
Front Oncol ; 11: 657545, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34249693

RESUMO

Background: First-line treatment strategies for programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) negative non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients include chemotherapy and combination with anti-angiogenesis drugs and/or immune checkpoint inhibitor. We conducted a Bayesian network meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of these therapeutic options. Methods: We included phase III randomized controlled trials comparing two or more treatments in the first-line setting for NSCLC, including data in PD-L1-negative patients. First-line strategies were compared and ranked based on the effectiveness in terms of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). A rank was assigned to each treatment after Markov Chain Monte Carlo analyses. Results: Fourteen trials involving 14 regimens matched our eligibility criteria. For OS, none of the treatment were significantly more effective than chemotherapy. Nivolumab plus ipilimumab plus chemotherapy was probably the best option based on analysis of the treatment ranking (probability = 30.1%). For PFS, nivolumab plus chemotherapy plus bevacizumab, atezolizumab plus chemotherapy plus bevacizumab, and atezolizumab plus chemotherapy were statistically superior to chemotherapy in pairwise comparison. Nivolumab plus chemotherapy plus bevacizumab was likely to be the preferred option based on the analysis of the treatment ranking (probability = 72.9%). Conclusions: Nivolumab plus chemotherapy, in combination with angiogenesis inhibition or anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4), had maximal benefits for NSCLC patient of PD-L1-negative expression. These findings may facilitate individualized treatment strategies. Safety at an individual patient level should be considered in decision making. Further validation is warranted.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34306159

RESUMO

Triptolide (TP) has shown potential in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment, but the narrow therapeutic window limits its clinical application. In clinical practice, the compatibility of Tripterygium wilfordii and Paeonia lactiflora is often used to attenuate the toxicity of TP, but its compatibility mechanism has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of a combined regimen of TP and paeoniflorin (PF) after transdermal administration in male and female Sprague Dawley (SD) rats via a rapid and sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method. The results showed that after percutaneous administration of TP and PF, there was no significant difference in AUC (0-t) (area under the curve) of TP, the peak concentration decreased by 58.17%, and the peak time was delayed. The AUC (0-t) of PF increased significantly (P < 0.01), the peak-reaching concentration and AUC (0-∞) increased, and the half-life and average retention time were shortened, indicating that TP absorption in rats may be delayed. After percutaneous administration of TP and PF, the content of TP in the heart, liver, spleen, lungs, and kidneys of male rats significantly decreased at 2 h (P < 0.05) and the drug concentration in the liver tissues significantly decreased at 2 h, 4 h, and 8 h (P < 0.05). The TP content in the spleen of female rats significantly decreased at 2 h and 4 h (P < 0.05) and also decreased in other tissues, but not significantly. After percutaneous administration of TP and PF, the PF content in the heart, liver, spleen, lungs, and kidneys of male and female rats had no significant difference. However, after percutaneous administration of TP and PF, the TP concentration in the skin increased, suggesting that the amount of TP retained in the skin increased, thereby reducing its content in blood and tissues, producing a reduction in toxicity effect.

18.
Front Oncol ; 11: 680804, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34195081

RESUMO

Background: The therapeutic efficacy of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in advanced EGFR-mutant lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) patients remains uncertain. Furthermore, the factors underlying the responsiveness have not been fully investigated. We therefore investigated the link between genomic profiles and EGFR-TKI efficacy. Material and Methods: We consecutively enrolled stage IV, EGFR-mutant, and EGFR-TKI-treated patients with SCC. Patients with EGFR wild-type lung SCC and EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinoma were consecutively enrolled as controls, and next-generation sequencing (NGS) was performed. Results: In total, 28 EGFR-mutant lung SCC, 41 EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinoma, and 40 EGFR wild-type lung SCC patients were included. Among the patients with EGFR mutations, shorter progression-free survival (PFS) was observed in SCC compared to adenocarcinoma (4.6 vs. 11.0 months, P<0.001). Comparison of the genomic profiles revealed that EGFR-mutant SCC patients had similar mutation characteristics to EGFR-mutant adenocarcinoma patients, but differed from those with EGFR wild-type SCC. Further exploration of EGFR-mutant SCC revealed that mutations in CREBBP (P = 0.005), ZNF217 (P = 0.016), and the Wnt (P = 0.027) pathway were negatively associated with PFS. Mutations in GRM8 (P = 0.025) were associated with improved PFS. Conclusions: EGFR-mutant lung SCC has a worse prognosis than EGFR-mutant adenocarcinoma. Mutations in other genes, such as CREBBP, ZNF217, GRM8, or Wnt that had implications on PFS raise the possibility of understanding mechanisms of resistance to EGFR-TKI in lung SCC, which will aid identification of potential beneficial subgroups of patients with EGFR-mutant SCCs receiving EGFR-TKIs.

19.
Research (Wash D C) ; 2021: 9797058, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34195616

RESUMO

Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites (OIHPs) have been intensively studied due to their fascinating optoelectronic performance. Electron microscopy and related characterization techniques are powerful to figure out their structure-property relationships at the nanoscale. However, electron beam irradiation usually causes damage to these beam-sensitive materials and thus deteriorates the associated devices. Taking a widely used CH3NH3PbI3 film as an example, here, we carry out a comprehensive study on how electron beam irradiation affects its properties. Interestingly, our results reveal that photoluminescence (PL) intensity of the film can be significantly improved along with blue-shift of emission peak at a specific electron beam dose interval. This improvement stems from the reduction of trap density at the CH3NH3PbI3 surface. The knock-on effect helps expose a fresh surface assisted by the surface defect-induced lowering of displacement threshold energy. Meanwhile, the radiolysis process consistently degrades the crystal structure and weaken the PL emission with the increase of electron beam dose. Consequently, the final PL emission comes from a balance between knock-on and radiolysis effects. Taking advantage of the defect regulation, we successfully demonstrate a patterned CH3NH3PbI3 film with controllable PL emission and a photodetector with enhanced photocurrent. This work will trigger the application of electron beam irradiation as a powerful tool for perovskite materials processing in micro-LEDs and other optoelectronic applications.

20.
Dalton Trans ; 50(32): 11167-11172, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34328490

RESUMO

By introducing halogens to the A/Ga/Q (A = Na, K; Q = S, Se) system, one new chalcohalide namely Na2GaS2Cl was successfully obtained. It crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Cmcm (63). Na2GaS2Cl has a layered structure consisting of two dimensional [GaS2]∞ layers which are stacked in "face to face" and "back to back" arrays and separated by Na+ and Cl- ions. Interestingly, supertetrahedral building units [Ga4S10] (T2) which are rarely found in metal chalcogenides and metal chalcohalides are formed in this structure. Moreover, the distances of two adjacent layers are around four times larger than the ionic radius of the Na+ ion, which is very likely to provide a perfect environment for the storage and migration of Na+ ions. In particular, the volume concentration of the Na+ cations in this compound is as high as 1.54 × 1022 cm-3. The UV-vis-NIR spectroscopy measurement reveals that the optical band gap of this title compound is 3.06 eV. The electronic structural calculations on Na2GaS2Cl show that the band gap is mainly determined by the [GaS4] groups and Na-Cl ionic bonding.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...