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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt A): 127322, 2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601407

RESUMO

Soil contamination due to chlorinated organics prompts an important environmental problem; however, the iron-based reduction materials and complicated ground environment are the main barriers to implementation and promotion of in situ soil remediation. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the reductants zero-valent iron (ZVI) and its activated carbon composite (AC-ZVI) in terms of their self-oxidation and selectivity in soil experiments. The results indicated that saturated moisture conditions were beneficial for degradation due to the dispersal of the pollutants from soil particles. Particularly, increasing the water/soil ratio to the over-saturated state would decrease the selectivity of ZVI and AC-ZVI. Meanwhile, increasing the reductant loading decreased the selectivity of ZVI and AC-ZVI, whereas the high initial concentration increased the selectivity of AC-ZVI. In addition, the self-oxidation of ZVI (3.0 ×10-3 h-1) is 4.2 times higher than that of AC-ZVI (0.7 ×10-3 h-1), and the selectivity of AC-ZVI (48%) is 6.9 times higher than that of ZVI (7%), which confirmed that AC-ZVI is a superior iron-based amendment in saturated moisture conditions. Therefore, this study provides a reliable and feasible evaluation method for in situ remediation process, and deepens the understanding of the effects of moisture contents.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628680

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: China committed to establishing a family doctor (FD)-based referral system following the medical reform in 2009. This paper explored the effect of FD on establishing the anticipated system. METHODS: Two waves of survey were conducted in Shanghai, China. 2754 and 1995 individuals were sampled in 2013 and 2016 respectively. We compared orderly visiting behaviour between contracted and non-contracted residents. Logistic regression models were performed to further test the effect of FD on orderly visits. RESULTS: More contracted residents first-contacted community health service centres (CHSCs; 45.48%) than non-contracted residents (28.93%). Contracted residents were also more likely to refer to specialists via CHSCs than the non-contracted (9.84% vs. 2.60%). The odds ratio (OR) for first-contact at CHSCs by contract status was 1.569 in 2013, but increased to 1.675 in 2016. Being contracted with a FD was associated with referral behaviour, but the OR declined from 2.692 to 2.487 over years. CONCLUSION: The survey from Shanghai showed that FD had a significant effect on attracting first-contact at CHSCs and referral via CHSCs; however, the effect on the latter decreased. The effectiveness of the FD role on referral behaviour requires a well-established referral system, which has not yet been completely achieved in China.

3.
Phytochemistry ; 192: 112960, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598045

RESUMO

Seven undescribed condensation derivatives of 4-isopropylbenzaldehyde with acetophenone, including one 1,3,5-trisubstituted pentane-1,5-dione, two 1,3,4,5,7-pentasubstituted heptane-1,7-diones and four 1,2,3,4,5-pentasubstituted cyclohexanols, together with two known flavonoids, were obtained from the red alga Laurencia tristicha. The relative configurations were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic data analysis of MS, 1D and 2D NMR, while the absolute configurations were determined by comparing the experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism spectra. All the isolates were proven to be naturally occurring in the red alga by LC-MS analysis, and these 1,3,5-trisubstituted-pentane-1,5-dione, 1,3,4,5,7-pentasubstituted-heptane-1,7-diones and 1,2,3,4,5-pentasubstituted-cyclohexanols were reported from natural sources for the first time. The proposed biogenetic pathway of the isolates was also discussed.

5.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 226: 112849, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627044

RESUMO

Several studies have indicated metabolic function disruption effects of bisphenol analogues through peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha and gamma pathways. In the present study, we found for the first time that PPARß/δ might be a novel cellular target of bisphenol analogues. By using the fluorescence competitive binding assay, we found seven bisphenol analogues could bind to PPARß/δ directly, among which tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA, 18.38-fold) and tetrachlorobisphenol A (TCBPA, 12.06-fold) exhibited stronger binding affinity than bisphenol A (BPA). In PPARß/δ-mediated luciferase reporter gene assay, the seven bisphenol analogues showed transcriptional activity toward PPARß/δ. Bisphenol AF (BPAF), bisphenol F (BPF) and bisphenol B (BPB) even showed higher transcriptional activity than BPA, while TBBPA and TCBPA showed comparable activity with BPA. Moreover, in human liver HL-7702 cells, the bisphenol analogues promoted the expression of two PPARß/δ target genes PDK4 and ANGPTL4. Molecular docking simulation indicated the binding potency of bisphenol analogues to PPARß/δ might depend on halogenation and hydrophobicity and the transcriptional activity might depend on their binding affinity and hydrogen bond interactions. Overall, the PPARß/δ pathway may provide a new mechanism for the metabolic function disruption of bisphenol analogues, and TBBPA and TCBPA might exert higher metabolic disruption effects than BPA via PPARß/δ pathway.

6.
J Med Chem ; 64(19): 14587-14602, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609868

RESUMO

To overcome the resistance of cancer cells to platinum-based drugs and effectively suppress tumor growth, we developed a novel indium (In) agent based on liposomes (Lips). Thus, we not only obtained an In(III) thiosemicarbazone agent (5b) with remarkable cytotoxicity by optimizing a series of In(III) thiosemicarbazone agents (1b-5b) but also successfully constructed a novel 5b-loaded Lip (5b-Lip) delivery system. Importantly, in vitro and in vivo results revealed that 5b/5b-Lip overcame the tumor cell resistance and effectively inhibited MCF-7/DDP tumor growth. In addition, Lips improved the intracellular accumulation of 5b. We also confirmed the mechanism by which 5b/5b-Lip overcomes breast cancer cell resistance. 5b/5b-Lip cannot act against DNA in cancer cells but attacks the two cell components in the tumor microenvironment, namely, by inducing apoptosis and lethal autophagy of cancer cells and resetting tumor-promoting M2 macrophages to the tumor-killing M1 phenotype.

7.
Molecules ; 26(19)2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641633

RESUMO

Due to the previous incorrect characterization of compound C1, the authors wish to make the following corrections to this paper [...].

8.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34687847

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To construct MRI-based radiomics logistic model in differentiating solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) from three differential diseases containing adenocarcinoma, neuroendocrine tumor (NET), and cystadenoma of pancreas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 21 SPNs and 140 differential diseases were enrolled. The MRI images of T1WI, T2WI, DWI, and contrast-enhanced (CE) sequences were taken to delineate the volume of interest, and the corresponding radiomics features were calculated. After the preprocess of data balance and image standardize, the data was divided into training set (6 SPNs and 42 differential diseases) and validation set (15 SPNs and 98 differential diseases) with a proportion of 7:3, randomly. Then after feature selection, four MRI-based logistic models included T1WI, T2WI, DWI, CE, and sum logistic models (Log-T1WI, Log-T2WI, Log-DWI, Log-CE, and Log-sum) were established. The receiver operation curve (ROC) was depicted to evaluate the efficacy of each model. RESULTS: To the single MRI sequence, the AUCs of Log-T1WI, Log-T2WI, Log-DWI, and Log-CE were similar. Seemingly the AUCs of Log-T2WI were slightly higher with 0. 876 (95%CI, 0.797-0.956) in the training set and 0.853 (95%CI, 0.708-0.998) in the validation set. The Log-sum of four MRI sequences displayed better differentiating efficiency, with AUCs of 0.929 (95%CI, 0.877-0.980) in the training set and 0.925 (95%CI, 0.845-1.000) in the validation set. The Log-Ra/Clin model combined clinical information and radiomics showed the highest AUC of 0.962 (95%CI, 0.919-0.985). CONCLUSIONS: MRI-based radiomics analysis helped to discern SPNs from radiologically misdiagnosed adenocarcinoma, neuroendocrine tumor, and cystadenoma of pancreas. The efficacy of single sequence logistic model was similar. The Log-sum combined four sequences and Log-Ra/Clin combined clinical information and radiomics demonstrated the better performance in distinction.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601590

RESUMO

Monoterpenoids are C10 isoprenoids and constitute a large family of natural products. They have been used as ingredients in food, cosmetics and therapeutic products. Many monoterpenoids such as linalool, geraniol, limonene and pinene are volatile and can be found in plant essential oils. Conventionally, these bioactive compounds are obtained from plant extracts by using organic solvents or by distillation method, which are costly and laborious if high purity product is desired. In recent years, microbial biosynthesis has emerged as alternative source of monoterpenoids with great promise for meeting the increasing global demand for these compounds. However, current methods of production are not yet at levels required for commercialization. Production efficiency of monoterpenoids in microbial hosts is often restricted by high volatility of the monoterpenoids, a lack of enzymatic activity and selectivity, and/or product cytotoxicity to the microbial hosts. In this review, we summarize advances in microbial production of monoterpenoids over the past three years with particular focus on the key metabolic engineering strategies for different monoterpenoid products. We also provide our perspective on the promise of future endeavors to improve monoterpenoid productivity.

10.
Biomedicines ; 9(10)2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34680542

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to compare the corneal nerve structural abnormalities detected using in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) in patients with neuropathic corneal pain (NCP) secondary to primary meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) or autoimmune dry eye (AIDE). Methods: A two-stage retrospective nested case-control study was conducted. First, data from patients with either MGD or AIDE were assessed, selecting only cases with no corneal pain (VAS = 0) or severe pain (VAS ≥ 8). Ocular signs and symptoms of the 238 selected patients were compared between painful and painless cases. Next, painful patients with no corneal damage (Oxford score ≤ 1) were selected within each study group, defining the cases with NCP (i.e., "pain without stain"). IVCM images from all groups were compared with prospectively-recruited healthy controls, focusing on dendritiform cell density and nerve abnormalities (density, tortuosity, microneuromas). Results: AIDE patients had more ocular signs/symptoms than MGD patients. Compared with healthy controls, AIDE-related NCP patients showed increased nerve tortuosity and number of neuromas, whereas MGD-related NCP patients had reduced nerve density and increased number, perimeter, and area of microneuromas. Microneuromas were also observed in healthy controls. Furthermore, a higher number of microneuromas was found in MGD-related NCP compared to AIDE-related NCP or painless MGD. Conclusions: MGD-related NCP was associated with significantly more corneal nerve abnormalities than AIDE-related NCP or healthy controls. Although IVCM can be useful to detect NCP-related corneal nerve changes in such patients, the diagnosis of dry eye disease-related NCP will require an association of several IVCM-based criteria without relying solely on the presence of microneuromas.

11.
ACS Sens ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34591450

RESUMO

Sensitive detection of phosphorylated histone H2AX (γH2AX) in cells as a biomarker of DNA double-strand breaks has great significance in the field of molecular toxicology and life science research. However, current γH2AX detection methods require labor- and time-consuming steps. Here, for the first time, we designed a simple electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunoassay integrated with a microplate-based sensor array to realize sensitive and high-throughput detection of γH2AX in cell lysates. Under the optimized conditions, this ECL immunosensor array could linearly respond to γH2AX concentrations in the range from 2 × 102 to 1 × 105 pg/mL. In addition, our approach possessed excellent specificity and satisfactory reproducibility, and its practicality was verified in real cell lysates. The whole process including instrumental and manual operation was completed in no more than 3 h. This study provides a convenient and rapid alternative method for the sensitive quantification of γH2AX, which shows promising application in high-throughput screening of genotoxic chemicals and drug candidates.

12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4704-4711, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581079

RESUMO

As the main chemical constituents, iridoids are widely distributed within Gentiana, Gentianaceae, with promising bioactivities. Based on the previous work, the transcriptome of G. lhassica, an original plant of Tibetan herb "Jieji Nabao", was sequenced and analyzed in this study, and the transcriptome databases of roots, stems, leaves, and flowers were constructed so as to explore unigenes that may encode the key enzymes in the biosynthetic pathway of iridoids. Then, qRT-PCR was used to validate the relative expression levels of 11 genes named AACT, DXS, MCS, HDS, IDI, GPPS, GES, G10H, 7-DLNGT, 7-DLGT, and SLS in roots, stems, leaves, and flowers. Also, the total contents of gentiopicroside and loganic acid were determined by HPLC, respectively. The results are as follows:(1)a total of 76 486 unigenes with an average length of 852 bp were obtained;(2)335 unigenes were involved in 19 stan-dard secondary metabolism pathways in KEGG database, with phenylpropanoid biosynthesis having the maximum number(75 unigenes), and no isoflavone biosynthetic pathway was annotated;(3)171 unigenes participatedin 27 key enzymes encoding in the biosynthetic pathway of iridoids, and 1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate reductoisomerase(DXR) gene was highly expressed;(4)qRT-PCR results were approximately consistent with RNA-Seq data and the relative expression levels of the 11 genes were higher in the aboveground parts(stem, leaf, and flower) than in the underground part(root);(5)the total contents of gentiopicroside and loganic acid were higher in the aboveground parts(stem, leaf, and flower) than in the underground part(root), and the difference was significant. This study provides basic scientific data for accurate species identification, evaluation of germplasm resources, research on secondary pro-duct accumulation of medicinal plants within Gentianaceae, and protection of endangered alpine species.


Assuntos
Gentiana , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Gentiana/genética , Iridoides , Transcriptoma
13.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 739629, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531830

RESUMO

Background: No previous study has examined the effect of maternal hypothyroidism on a broad spectrum of cardiovascular disease (CVD) endpoints in the offspring. Methods: A nationwide population-based cohort study based on the linkage of several Danish nationwide registries was conducted to explore whether maternal hypothyroidism is associated with offspring's CVD. Altogether 1,041,448 singletons born between the 1st of January 1978 and the 31st of December 1998 were investigated from the age of 8 years to the 31st of December 2016. Exposure was maternal diagnosis of hypothyroidism across lifespan and the outcome of interest was a CVD diagnosis in the offspring. Cox regression models were performed to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) of CVD. Results: Offspring born to mothers with hypothyroidism had an increased risk of CVD (hazard ratios (HR)=1.23, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.12-1.35), and of several subcategories of CVD including hypertension, arrhythmia, and acute myocardial infarction in offspring. The magnitude of association was the most pronounced in an exposure occur during pregnancy (HR=1.71, 95% CI: 1.10-2.67), which is consistent across all the subgroup analysis, including sibling analysis. Conclusions: Maternal hypothyroidism is associated with an increased risk of CVD in offspring. Thyroid hormone insufficiency during pregnancy may predominantly contribute to the observed associations; however, the effects of a shared genetic background and a time-stable familial environment/lifestyle factors cannot be excluded.

14.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(40): 11781-11793, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582205

RESUMO

Plant pathogenic fungi seriously affect agricultural production and are difficult to control. The discovery of new leads based on natural products is an important way to innovate fungicides. In this study, 30 natural-product-based magnolol derivatives were synthesized and characterized on the basis of NMR and mass spectroscopy. Bioactivity tests on phytopathogenic fungi (Rhizoctonia solani, Fusarium graminearum, Botrytis cinerea, and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum) in vitro of these compounds were performed systematically. The results showed that 11 compounds were active against four kinds of phytopathogenic fungi with EC50 values in the range of 1.40-20.00 µg/mL, especially compound L5 that exhibited excellent antifungal properties against B. cinerea with an EC50 value of 2.86 µg/mL, approximately 2.8-fold more potent than magnolol (EC50 = 8.13 µg/mL). Moreover, compound L6 showed the highest antifungal activity against F. graminearum and Rhophitulus solani with EC50 values of 4.39 and 1.40 µg/mL, respectively, and compound L7 showed good antifungal activity against S. sclerotiorum. Then, an in vivo experiment of compound L5 against B. cinerea was further investigated in vivo using infected tomatoes (curative effect, 50/200 and 36%/100 µg/mL). The physiological and biochemical studies illustrated that the primary action mechanism of compound L5 on B. cinerea might change the mycelium morphology, increase cell membrane permeability, and destroy the function of mitochondria. Furthermore, structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies revealed that hydroxyl groups play a key role in antifungal activity. To sum up, this study provides a reference for understanding the application of magnolol-based antifungal agents in crop protection.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos , Fungicidas Industriais , Animais , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Ascomicetos , Compostos de Bifenilo , Botrytis , Fungicidas Industriais/farmacologia , Fusarium , Lignanas , Estrutura Molecular , Rhizoctonia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
15.
Thorac Cancer ; 12(19): 2564-2573, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490728

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Src homology region 2 domain-containing phosphatase 2 (SHP2) is a novel target for Kirsten rat sarcoma oncogene (KRAS) mutant cancer. We retrospectively studied the significance of SHP2 in KRAS mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with immunotherapy and its relationship with tumor microenvironment (TME). METHODS: Sixty-one advanced KRAS mutant NSCLC patients who underwent immunotherapy were enrolled. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to profile mutation status. The expression of SHP2, phospho-SHP2 (pSHP2), and programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) were analyzed by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Quantitative multiplexed immunofluorescence cytochemistry (mIFC) analysis was conducted to describe the TME. RESULTS: SHP2 was heterogeneously expressed in 32 samples in both tumor cells and immune cells and highly expressed (H-score >10) in 25 (78.1%) samples. The expression levels of SHP2 and pSHP2 were positively correlated. Stromal SHP2 (s-SHP2) was higher in tumors with PD-L1 ≥50% versus PD-L1 <50% (p = 0.039). By quantitative mIFC analysis, the expression of s-SHP2 had positive correlation with CD8, CD4, CD68, and PD-L1 levels in stromal area. Patients with high SHP2 expression made up 100.0% of the partial respond (PR) and 80.0% of the stable disease (SD), whereas 50.0% of the progress disease (PD). High SHP2 expression was associated with longer progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) (p < 0.001, p = 0.013). Patients with high expression of both SHP2 and PD-L1 had longer PFS (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: High SHP2 expression could predict the efficacy of immunotherapy and better survival in advanced KRAS mutant NSCLC. SHP2 may function in both tumor cells and immune cells, warranting further study on the potential diverse effects of SHP2 inhibition in TME.

16.
Curr Opin Biotechnol ; 73: 240-245, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536659

RESUMO

Engineering microbes to produce value-added chemicals from C6/C5 sugars sometimes requires long biosynthetic pathways, which causes carbon loss due to involving multiple metabolic branch nodes, leading to a lower product yield. Using C2 feedstocks derived from gaseous, cellulosic, and plastic wastes could establish shorter biosynthetic pathways to produce some target chemicals, for example, acetyl-CoA-derived natural products. Utilizing these waste-derived feedstocks would also contribute to reducing the carbon footprint of the chemical industry. In this review, we highlighted the promising waste-processing technologies that could provide C2 feedstocks that are compatible with microbial fermentation. We also analyzed the recent metabolic engineering works in which the microorganisms/fermentation processes were modified/optimized to utilize acetate, ethanol, or ethylene glycol more efficiently.

17.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 736505, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34566898

RESUMO

Background: Evidence from animal studies has indicated that neonatal thyroid function is vital for the reproductive development. Anogenital distance (AGD), a sensitive biomarker of the fetal hormonal milieu, can be used to predict adult reproductive disorders. However, few human studies have examined the association between neonatal thyroid function and AGD. We aimed to explore their associations in a birth cohort study. Methods: Concentrations of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroid hormones (THs), including total triiodothyronine (TT3), total thyroxine (TT4), free triiodothyronine (FT3), and free thyroxine (FT4) were measured in cord plasma in the Shanghai-Minhang Birth Cohort. The offspring AGD (AGDAP [anus-penis] and AGDAS [anus-scrotum] for boys and AGDAC [anus-clitoris] and AGDAF [anus-fourchette] for girls), body weight and anogenital index (AGI = AGD/weight [mm/kg]) were obtained at each follow-up visit. In total, 344 children (194 boys and 150 girls) with cord plasma concentrations of THs and TSH and at least one AGD measurement at birth and at 6, 12, and 48 months of age were included. Multiple linear regression and generalized estimating equation (GEE) models were used to examine the associations of cord plasma concentrations of THs and TSH with AGI. Results: Multiple linear regression models showed inverse associations of TT4, FT3, and FT4 with female AGI, although statistical significance was only reached at birth, 6 and 48 months of age. These associations were also found in GEE models: higher TT4 and FT4 concentrations were associated with lower AGIAC (TT4: ß = -0.27, 95% CI: -0.50, -0.03 for middle vs. lowest tertile; FT4: ß = -0.38, 95% CI: -0.61, -0.16 for middle and ß = -0.30, 95% CI: -0.55, -0.04 for highest vs. lowest tertile). Besides, girls with the highest tertile of FT3 concentrations had lower AGIAF than those with the lowest tertile (the highest vs. lowest tertile: ß = -0.22, 95% CI: -0.36, -0.08). Positive associations between TSH and AGI at birth and at 12 months of age were observed in boys. Conclusions: This study provides further evidence on the effects of neonatal thyroid function on reproductive development at an early life stage.

18.
Immunology ; 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558663

RESUMO

An autoimmune disease is an inappropriate response to one's tissues due to a break in immune tolerance and exposure to self-antigens. It often leads to structural and functional damage to organs and systemic disorders. To date, there are no effective interventions to prevent the progression of autoimmune diseases. Hence, there is an urgent need for new treatment targets. TRPM7 is an enzyme-coupled, transient receptor ion channel of the subfamily M that plays a vital role in pathologic and physiologic conditions. While TRPM7 is constitutively activated under certain conditions, it can regulate cell migration, polarization, proliferation and cytokine secretion. However, a growing body of evidence highlights the critical role of TRPM7 in autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis and diabetes. Herein, we present (a) a review of the channel kinase properties of TRPM7 and its pharmacological properties, (b) discuss the role of TRPM7 in immune cells (neutrophils, macrophages, lymphocytes and mast cells) and its upstream immunoreactive substances, and (c) highlight TRPM7 as a potential therapeutic target for autoimmune diseases.

19.
Food Res Int ; 148: 110614, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507758

RESUMO

A two-dimensional low-field nuclear magnetic resonance (LF-NMR) T1-T2 relaxation technique was developed to contrast the water status evolution during different cooking procedures (steam and boiling cooking). Meat quality, water distribution, microstructure and protein properties were determined. The results showed that steamed meats had lower cooking loss and shear force, but higher redness, proton relaxation intensity (T1 and T2) and proton density than boiled meats. The differences in water distribution between the two cooking procedures appeared at approximately 40 °C, with acceleration at 60 °C, and the most remarkable difference was shown at 80 °C. Boiling resulted in more damage to muscle structure and greater protein denaturation than steam cooking. Meanwhile, α-helixes and ß-turns increased, but ß-sheets and random coils decreased in steamed meats compared with boiled meats. Changes in microstructural and protein properties were closely associated with water status evolution in cooked meat during cooking.


Assuntos
Carne de Porco , Carne Vermelha , Animais , Culinária , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Suínos , Água
20.
Cancer Cell Int ; 21(1): 477, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496838

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been elucidated to participate in the development and progression of various cancers. In this study, we aimed to explore the underlying functions and mechanisms of LINC00958 in colorectal cancer. METHODS: LINC00958 expression in colorectal cancer tissues was examined by qRT-PCR. The correlations between LINC00958 expression and clinical characteristics and prognosis were evaluated. The biological functions of LINC00958 were detected by CCK-8, MTT, colony formation and flow cytometric analyses. RNA pulldown, RIP and luciferase reporter assays were used to confirm the regulatory effects of LINC00958 on miR-422a. Rescue experiments were performed to detect the effects of miR-422a on the roles of LINC00958. RESULTS: LINC00958 was upregulated in colorectal cancer tissues and cell lines. High LINC00958 levels were positively associated with T stage and predicted poor prognosis. Cell experiments showed that LINC00958 promoted cell proliferation and suppressed apoptosis and sensitivity to radiotherapy in vitro and promoted tumor growth in vivo. Bioinformatics analysis predicted the binding site of miR-422a on LINC00958. Mechanistically, RNA pulldown, RIP and luciferase reporter assays demonstrated that LINC00958 specifically targeted miR-422a. In addition, we found that miR-422a suppressed MAPK1 expression by directly binding to the 3'-UTR of MAPK1, thereby inhibiting cell proliferation and enhancing cell apoptosis and radiosensitivity. Furthermore, miR-422a rescued the roles of LINC00958 in promoting MAPK1 expression and cell proliferation and decreasing cell apoptosis and radiosensitivity. CONCLUSIONS: LINC00958 promoted MAPK1 expression and cell proliferation and suppressed cell apoptosis and radiosensitivity by targeting miR-422a, which suggests that it is a potential biomarker for the prognosis and treatment of colorectal cancer.

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