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1.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(1): 33-38, 2021 Jan 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645232

RESUMO

The present review paper summarizes the available technical methods for early detection and diagnosis of dental caries lesions, as well as their clinical application range, advantages and disadvantages. Although there are many detection systems supported by new technologies and equipments in clinical practice, current evidence suggests that careful clinical visual and inspection tests, in combination with imagological examination, are still the gold standard for the detection and diagnosis of dental caries.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Diagnóstico Precoce , Fluorescência , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
2.
Public Health ; 199: 96-102, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583202

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify disability trajectories and discover early disablement process factors associated with disability trajectories among older adults in China. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study. METHODS: Data were obtained from five waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS, 2005 to 2018). The multitrajectory modelling approach was used to estimate the joint trajectories of activity of daily living (ADL) disability and instrumental activity of daily living (IADL) disability. A multinomial regression model was used to investigate how baseline disablement process factors among individuals aged 65-95 years are related to joint disability trajectory groups. RESULTS: We identified three typical joint ADL and IADL disability trajectories. Demographic characters, social participation, community services, disease, impairment and functional limitations can all impact the disability trajectories among older adults. CONCLUSIONS: The joint ADL and IADL disability trajectories of older adults are increasing, and the Chinese government should pay more attention to disability process elements to improve disability interventions among older adults.

3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(16): 5072, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486680

RESUMO

The article "Ceramide accumulation accelerates nucleus pulposus cells degradation by p38MAPK activation, by W.-J. Wu, J. Wang, J. Liang, Q. Zhou, Y. Liang, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020; 24 (19): 9787-9796-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202010_23187-PMID: 33090381" has been withdrawn from the authors due to inaccuracies (there are some errors and incorrect data). The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/23187.

4.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 417-419, 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505452

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the water-saving irrigation project on Oncomelania hupensis snail control in hilly regions of Yixing City, Jiangsu Province. METHODS: A retrospective survey combined with cross-sectional investigation was employed. The implementation of the water-saving irrigation development project in Yixing City from 2005 to 2007 was retrospectively collected, and the snail status was collected in regions where the water-saving irrigation project was located and the project-affected regions from 2003 to 2018, to examine the effect of the project on snail control. In addition, a cross-sectional survey was performed to investigate the destruction of the water-saving irrigation project in 2018. RESULTS: A total of 22 water-saving irrigation projects were implemented in 5 townships in hilly regions of Yixing City from 2005 to 2007, where snail habitats were treated covering 266.97 hm2. Before the implementation of the project from 2003 to 2006, cumulative 47.87 hm2 snail habitats were detected in regions where the project was located, and no snails were found in regions where the project was located from the implementation of the project in 2006 to 2018. However, a few snails were found in the project-affected regions in 2017 and 2018. In addition, there were problems found in the later-stage maintenance and management of the project. CONCLUSIONS: The water-saving irrigation projects shows a high efficiency on snail control in hilly regions of Yixing City. The later-stage maintenance of the project and monitoring of snails remain to be intensified to enhance the snail control efficiency of the water-saving irrigation project.


Assuntos
Esquistossomose , China , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Água
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The prevalence of intracranial artery stenosis is high in Asian people. This study aimed to investigate whether there are differences in the imaging features of symptomatic MCA stenosis in patients of different ages using vessel wall MR imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of consecutive patients with unilateral MCA stenosis based on a prospectively established vessel wall MR imaging data base between January 2017 and December 2018. According to age, the patients were divided into the young group (18-45 years of age) and the middle-aged and elderly group (older than 45 years of age). RESULTS: Overall, 131 patients with unilateral MCA stenosis were included (45.8% in the young group and 54.2% in the middle-aged and elderly group). Middle-aged and elderly patients had a higher prevalence of hypertension (P = .01) and diabetes (P = .05). The lesion length (P < .0001), proportion of circular involvement (P = .006), and proportion of circular enhancement (P = .03) were higher in the young group than in the middle-aged and elderly group. The analysis of the atherosclerotic subgroup showed that compared with middle-aged and elderly patients, young patients had longer lesions (P = .002). The atherosclerotic-versus-nonatherosclerotic subgroup analysis showed that the maximal wall thickness in the patients with atherosclerosis was larger than that of patients without it (P = .002). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the middle-aged and elderly group, young patients with MCA stenosis tended to have longer lesions and more circular wall involvement and circular enhancement, which may indicate the differences in underlying vascular pathophysiologic and developmental mechanisms in symptomatic MCA stenosis.

6.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(8): 748-753, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517455

RESUMO

Objective: To study and explore the prevalence, characteristics, preliminary risk factors, as well as their relationship with nutritional scores in liver cirrhotic patient with chronic periodontitis. Methods: 163 patients with liver cirrhosis who were hospitalized in the Hepatology Division, Department of Internal Medicine at Tianjin Third Central Hospital from June to September 2018 were enrolled as the case group, while the control group consisted 140 healthy individuals enrolled during the same period. Periodontal examination, biochemical examination and oral hygiene habits were investigated. The prevalence of periodontitis in the two groups was compared, and the risk factors of severe periodontitis were conducted by multivariate regression analysis. Results: The prevalence of chronic periodontitis was significantly higher in patients with liver cirrhosis than healthy control population, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The prevalence of severe periodontitis and full edentulous jaws was significantly higher in patients with liver cirrhosis than healthy control group, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05 and P < 0.001). Compared with the healthy control group, the depth of periodontal pocket and the degree of attachment loss were significantly increased in the liver cirrhosis group (P < 0.001). Multivariate regression analysis showed that liver cirrhosis was the independent risk factors for both groups of patients with severe periodontitis (χ (2) = 11.046, P < 0.001). Univariate and multivariate regression analysis showed that toothbrushing frequency, nutritional risk score, prealbumin level and Child-Pugh grade were independent risk factors for occurrence of severe periodontitis in liver cirrhotic patient (χ (2) = 5.252, P = 0.022; χ (2) = 24.162, P < 0.001; χ (2) = 4.159, P = 0.041; χ (2) = 9.249, P = 0.002). Conclusion: The prevalence of periodontitis is significantly higher in patients with liver cirrhosis than healthy individuals, and liver cirrhosis is an independent risk factor for the occurrence of severe periodontitis. Toothbrushing frequency, nutritional risk score, prealbumin level and Child-Pugh grade are risk factors for severe periodontitis in patients with liver cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Periodontite Crônica/complicações , Periodontite Crônica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Estado Nutricional , Perda da Inserção Periodontal , Fatores de Risco
8.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365761

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the occupational hazards and the health status of workers in a candy manufacturing enterprise, to study the nonspecific effects of noise on cardiovascular and digestive systems, and to further explore the combined effect of noise and dust on workers' health. Methods: In 2019, all 564 employees of a candy manufacturing enterprise in Guangzhou were selected as the research objects. According to the exposure to occupational hazards, the research objects were divided into control group (101 persons) , noise exposure group (272 persons) and noise dust combined exposure group (191 persons) . According to the requirements of GBZ 188-2014 "Technical Specification for Occupational Health Monitoring", the employees were given occupational health examination. Blood pressure, electrocardiogram, liver function, binaural pure tone audiometry and other indicators were analyzed by gender, age and length of service. Results: The abnormal hearing rate of the workers in the control group, noise exposure group, and noise dust combined exposure group were 12.9% (13/101) , 24.6% (67/272) , and 36.1% (69/191) , respectively, showing a significant increasing trend (P<0.05) . Compared with the control group, the abnormal rates of electrocardiogram, abnormal blood pressure and fatty liver detection rate of the workers in the noise exposure group and the noise dust combined exposure group were significantly increased (P<0.017) . The abnormal hearing rate and fatty liver detection rate of male employees showed an increasing trend among the three groups (P<0.05) . The abnormal hearing and blood pressure rates of 40 to 49-year-old employees showed an increasing trend (P<0.05) . The rates of abnormal hearing of employees with≥50 years old and working experience <10 and 10-19 years showed an increasing trend (P<0.05) . The abnormal rate of electrocardiogram and the fatty liver detection rate of employees with more than 20 years of service had an increasing trend (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Noise is the main occupational hazard factor in candy manufacturing enterprises, which may be related to cardiovascular system and digestive system damage. At the same time, dust may strengthen the hearing loss caused by noise.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído , Ruído Ocupacional , Doenças Profissionais , Exposição Ocupacional , Adulto , Doces , Poeira , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/epidemiologia , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ruído Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
9.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(32): 2508-2513, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407575

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of dietary supplement Licofor in the treatment of dry eye associated with meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD). Methods: This was a prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial. Sixty patients [25 males, 35 females, aged (42±13) years] who had dry eye associated with MGD were recruited in Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from December 2018 to October 2019. The patients were equally divided into two groups: 30 cases (60 eyes) in the experimental group and 30 cases (60 eyes) in the control group. All subjects were treated with eye hot compress, artificial tears and antibiotic ointment. After that, the experimental group and control group were received dietary supplementary Licofor or placebo daily for 12 weeks. The symptoms and signs of dry eye, morphology and function of meibomian gland, and inflammatory response were assessed at the beginning, 4th, 8th and 12th week of treatment. Results: After 12 weeks of treatment, statistically significant improvements in ocular surface disease index (OSDI) scores, tear break-up time (TBUT), corneal fluorescein staining (CFS), the morphology of eyelid margin, meibomian gland orifice, meibomian gland expressibility, meibum quality, and periglandular inflammatory cell density were determined in both groups (all P<0.05). In the Licofor group, the improvement of OSDI scores [16.7 (12.5, 20.8) vs 20.8 (18.8, 22.9), P<0.001], the morphology of eyelid margin, meibomian gland orifice and periglandular inflammatory cell density [443 (318, 513) vs 553 (415, 676)/mm2, P=0.002] were more significant (all P<0.05). Conclusion: The combined treatment of licofor and conventional treatment can significantly improve symptoms of dry eye, the morphology of eyelid margin, meibomian gland orifice, meibum quality, and eyelid inflammation response of dry eye associated with MGD.


Assuntos
Síndromes do Olho Seco , Doenças Palpebrais , Disfunção da Glândula Tarsal , Suplementos Nutricionais , Síndromes do Olho Seco/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Palpebrais/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Glândulas Tarsais , Estudos Prospectivos , Lágrimas , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(7): 708-713, 2021 Jul 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34256439

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of dyslipidemia, and to explore the association between extracurricular physical activity and dyslipidemia among primary, middle and high school students in Guangzhou. Methods: This cross-sectional study selected primary and middle school students in Guangzhou by the stratified cluster sampling method from March to December 2019. Physical examination and blood lipid test were performed. Information about students' basic characteristics and extracurricular physical activity was collected by questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the association between extracurricular physical activity and dyslipidemia in this cohort. Results: A total of 7 797 participants (mean aged (12.2±2.9) years) were included (4 194 (53.79%) boys and 3 603 (46.21%) girls]. The detection rates of high total cholesterol, high triglycerides, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and dyslipidemia were 12.49% (974/7 797), 6.44% (502/7 797), 6.62% (516/7 797), 11.31% (882/7 797) and 23.83% (1 858/7 797), respectively. Dyslipidemia rate was lower in the junior school students (21.39% (675/3 156)) than in primary school students (25.96% (896/3 451)) and high-school students (24.12% (287/1 190)) (P<0.001). The dyslipidemia rates of boys and girls were similar (23.15% (971/4 194) vs. 24.62% (887/3 603), P>0.05). Dyslipidemia rate was lower in students with extracurricular physical activity than in students without extracurricular physical activity (22.50% (923/4 102) vs. 25.30% (935/3 695), P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that extracurricular physical activity was associated with lower risk of dyslipidemia (OR=0.88, 95%CI=0.79-0.99, P=0.033). Among all types of extracurricular physical activities, participating in extracurricular large ball game was associated with 28% lower risk among junior school students (OR=0.72, 95%CI=0.57-0.91, P=0.006). Conclusion: The prevalence of dyslipidemia is high among primary, middle and high school students in Guangzhou. Extracurricular physical activity is associated with reduced risk of dyslipidemia in this cohort.

11.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(7): 611-618, 2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289546

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the postoperative function, the short-term and long-term outcomes between fascia-oriented and vascular-oriented lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) in patients with rectal cancer. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Clinical data of patients who received total mesorectal excision (TME) with LLND at National Cancer Center, Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Science from January 2014 to December 2019 were retrospectively collected. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) rectal cancer was pathologically diagnosed, and the lower margin was below the peritoneal reflection. (2) resectable advanced rectal cancer with suspected lateral lymph node metastasis was evaluated based on rectal MRI assessment. (3) preoperative MRI showed lateral lymph node short diameter ≥5 mm and/or lymph node morphology (spike, blur, irregular) as well as heterogenous signal intensity. Lymph node shrinkage was less than 60% after receiving neoadjuvant therapy based on the reassessment of rectal MRI. (4) TME+LLND surgery was performed synchronously. Exclusion criteria were as follows: (1) previous history of pelvic surgery; (2) preoperative cystitis, urethritis, moderate and severe prostatic hyperplasia and other diseases resulting in abnormal urination function; (3) preoperative sexual dysfunction or loss of function; (4) patients receiving LLND due to lateral recurrence after TME; (5) distant metastasis of the tumor at initial diagnosis; (6) Incomplete collection of clinical data. A total of 73 consecutive patients were enrolled in this study. Based on the surgical approaches in performing LLND, patients were divided into fascia-oriented group (n=30) and vascular-oriented group (n=43). There were no significant differences in baseline data between the two groups (all P>0.05). The main outcome indicators of this study were the incidence of postoperative urinary and male sexual dysfunction, the efficacy, the number of lateral lymph nodes harvested and the detection rate of positive lymph nodes. Overall survival (OS) rates and progression free survival (PFS) rates were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by log-rank test. Results: All patients in both groups completed surgery successfully. There were no significant differences in operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative complications, and the length of hospital stay between the two groups (all P>0.05). In the whole group, the incidence of postoperative urinary dysfunction and male sexual dysfunction was 43.8% (32/73) and 62.5% (25/40), respectively. The median number of lateral lymph nodes harvested was 8.0(4.0,11.0) with a positive rate of 20.5%(15/73). Compared to the vascular-oriented group, the fascia-oriented group demonstrated a decreased rate of urinary dysfunction [26.7% (8/30) vs. 55.8% (24/43), χ(2)=6.098, P=0.014], lower rate of sexual dysfunction in males [6/15 vs. 76% (19/25), χ(2)=5.184, P=0.023], more harvested lateral lymph nodes [M (P25, P75): 9.5 (6.8, 15.3) vs. 6.0 (3.0, 9.0), Z=-2.849, P=0.004]. There was no significant difference in the positvie rate of lateral lymph nodes between the two groups [20% (6/30) versus 20.9% (9/43), χ(2)=0.009, P=0.923]. Three(4.1%) patients were lost during a median follow-up of 34 (1-66) months. The 3-year PFS and OS of the whole cohort were 69.5% and 88.3%, respectively. No significant difference in 3-year PFS rates (79.6% vs. 62.0%, P=0.172) and 3-year OS rates (91.2% vs. 85.9%, P=0.333) were observed between the fascia-oriented group and the vascular-oriented group (both P>0.05). Conclusion: Fascia-oriented LLND is associated with lower risk of postoperative urinary and male sexual dysfunction in patients with rectal carcinoma, and harvest of more lymph nodes, but no significant advantage in long-term survival.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Retais , Fáscia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos , Masculino , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(6): 678-684, 2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289560

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize survival outcomes and prognostic factors in esophageal cancer (EC) patients treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical and follow-up data of 1 637 patients with EC who were admitted to our hospital from January 2005 to December 2017 and met the inclusion criteria.The 5-year overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and pattern of recurrence were analyzed. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rates, Log-rank test for univariate analysis and Cox method for multivariate analysis were used to detect survival difference. Results: 1-year, 3-year and 5-year OS and PFS of the entire group were 65.9% and 45.8%, 34.2% and 25.0%, 27.0% and 18.5%, respectively. Median OS and PFS were 19.4 months (95% CI=18.0-20.7 months) and 10.4 months (95% CI=9.3-11.3 months), respectively. Univariate analysis showed that the sex, KPS, tumor location, T stage, N stage, M stage, TNM stage, radiation dose and treatment modality were prognostic factors for 5-year OS and PFS of EC patients (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis indicated that the sex, KPS, TNM stage, radiation dose and treatment modality were independent prognostic factors for 5-year OS and PFS (P<0.05). Conclusions: EC patients treated with IMRT can obtain a promising survival. The sex, KPS, TNM stage, radiation dose and treatment modality are independent prognostic factors for prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/radioterapia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(3): 460-466, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34145845

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential effectiveness of different screening strategies for cardiovascular diseases prevention in a community-based Chinese population from economically developed area of China. METHODS: Totally 202 179 adults aged 40 to 74 years without cardiovascular diseases at baseline (January 1, 2010) were enrolled from the Chinese electronic health records research in Yinzhou (CHERRY) study. Three scenarios were considered: the screening strategy based on risk charts recommended by the 2020 Chinese guideline on the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases in Chinese adults aged 40-74 years (Strategy 1); the screening strategy based on the prediction for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk in China (China-PAR) models recommended by the 2019 Guideline on the assessment and management of cardiovascular risk in China in Chinese adults aged 40-74 years (Strategy 2); and the screening strategy based on the China-PAR models in Chinese adults aged 50-74 years (Strategy 3). According to the guidelines, individuals who were classified into medium- or high-risk groups after cardiovascular risk assessment by the corresponding strategies would be introduced to lifestyle intervention, while high-risk population would take medication in addition. Markov model was used to simulate different screening scenarios for 10 years (cycles), using parameters mainly from the CHERRY study, as well as published data, Meta-analyses and systematic reviews for Chinese populations. The life year gained, quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained, number of cardiovascular disease events/deaths could be prevented and number needed to be screened (NNS) were calculated to compare the effectiveness between the different strategies. One-way sensitivity analysis on uncertainty of cardiovascular disease incidence rate and probabilistic sensitivity analysis on uncertainty of distributions for the hazard ratios were conducted. RESULTS: Compared with non-screening strategy, QALYs gained were 1 433 [95% uncertainty interval (UI): 969-1 831], 1 401 (95%UI: 936-1 807), and 716 (95%UI: 265-1 111) for the Strategies 1, 2, and 3; and the NNS per QALY in the above strategies were 141 (95%UI: 110-209), 144 (95%UI: 112-216), and 198 (95%UI: 127-529), respectively. The Strategies 1 and 2 based on different guidelines showed similar effectiveness, while more benefits were found for screening using China-PAR models in adults aged 40-74 years than those aged 50-74 years. The results were consistent in the sensitivity analyses. CONCLUSION: Screening for cardiovascular diseases in Chinese adults aged above 40 years seems effective in coastal developed areas of China, and the different screening strategies based on risk charts by the 2020 Chinese guideline on the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases or China-PAR models by the 2019 Guideline on the assessment and management of cardiovascular risk in China may have similar effectiveness.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Adulto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , China/epidemiologia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Prevenção Primária , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida
14.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(9): 3396, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002805

RESUMO

The article "Mocetinostat suppresses epidural fibrosis following laminectomy by inhibiting myofibroblast activation and increasing apoptosis, by W.-J. Wu, J. Wang, J. Liang, Q. Zhou, Y. Liang, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020; 24 (8): 4467-4475-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202004_21029-PMID: 32373984" has been withdrawn from the authors due to some errors in the data. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/21029.

15.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(7): 2858-2865, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33877651

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have immunomodulatory and therapeutic effects on immune system diseases. This study intends to assess the regulatory effect of BMSC targeted therapy on the IL-17+ γδ T cells and Treg cells in allergic rhinitis (AR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: BALB/c mice were sensitized by ovalbumin (OVA), while BMSCs were injected intravenously before sensitization and followed by an analysis of nasal symptoms, inflammation, cytokines, and immunoglobulins. BMSCs were co-cultured with peripheral blood mononuclear cells for 3 days to test Foxp3+ expression, IL-17+ γδ T and Foxp3+Treg cell ratio, and cytokines secretion. RESULTS: After intranasal administration of BMSCs, nasal symptoms and inflammatory infiltration in mice were significantly alleviated, accompanied by reduced OVA-specific IgE in serum. BMSCs significantly inhibited the activity of T lymphocytes, increased TGF-ß1 level, decreased IL-17A level, promoted Treg proliferation, and suppressed the proliferation of IL-17+ γδ T cells. CONCLUSIONS: BMSC targeted therapy can be used to treat AR by regulating Treg cells to correct IL-17+γδ T cell immune imbalance and is expected to be an effective treatment method for AR.

16.
Osteoarthritis Cartilage ; 29(7): 1081-1092, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33892138

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The cartilage degeneration that accompanies subchondral bone necrosis plays an important role in the development of osteonecrosis of femoral head (ONFH). To better understand the molecular basis of cartilage degradation in ONFH, we compared the proteomic profiles of ONFH cartilage with that of fracture control. DESIGN: Hip cartilage samples were collected from 16 ONFH patients and 16 matched controls with femoral neck fracture. Proteomics analysis was conducted using tandem mass tag-based quantitation technique. Gene ontology (GO) analysis, KEGG pathway and protein-protein interaction analysis were used to investigate the functions of the altered proteins and biological pathways. Differentially expressed proteins including alpha-2-HS-glycoprotein (AHSG) and Cytokine-like protein 1 (Cytl1) were validated by Western blot (WB) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). RESULTS: 303 differentially expressed proteins were identified in ONFH cartilage with 72 up-regulated and 231 down-regulated. Collagen turnover, glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis, metabolic pathways, and complement and coagulation cascades were significantly modified in ONFH cartilage. WB and IHC confirmed the increased expression of AHSG and decreased expression of Cytl1 in ONFH cartilage. CONCLUSIONS: Our results reveal the implication of altered protein expression in the development of ONFH, and provide novel clues for pathogenesis studies of cartilage degradation in ONFH.

17.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol ; 42(7): 1196-1200, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33888450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is associated with hypercoagulability. We sought to evaluate the demographic and clinical characteristics of cerebral venous thrombosis among patients hospitalized for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at 6 tertiary care centers in the New York City metropolitan area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective multicenter cohort study of 13,500 consecutive patients with COVID-19 who were hospitalized between March 1 and May 30, 2020. RESULTS: Of 13,500 patients with COVID-19, twelve had imaging-proved cerebral venous thrombosis with an incidence of 8.8 per 10,000 during 3 months, which is considerably higher than the reported incidence of cerebral venous thrombosis in the general population of 5 per million annually. There was a male preponderance (8 men, 4 women) and an average age of 49 years (95% CI, 36-62 years; range, 17-95 years). Only 1 patient (8%) had a history of thromboembolic disease. Neurologic symptoms secondary to cerebral venous thrombosis occurred within 24 hours of the onset of the respiratory and constitutional symptoms in 58% of cases, and 75% had venous infarction, hemorrhage, or both on brain imaging. Management consisted of anticoagulation, endovascular thrombectomy, and surgical hematoma evacuation. The mortality rate was 25%. CONCLUSIONS: Early evidence suggests a higher-than-expected frequency of cerebral venous thrombosis among patients hospitalized for COVID-19. Cerebral venous thrombosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of neurologic syndromes associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Trombose Intracraniana/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia/epidemiologia , Adulto , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Causalidade , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Trombose Intracraniana/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cidade de Nova Iorque/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Tromboembolia/diagnóstico , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia
18.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(5): 435-440, 2021 May 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33904277

RESUMO

Objective: To retrospectively analyze of the prevention and management of major complications in surgical treatment of osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the mandible by using vascularized free flaps and to provide a reference for improving clinical treatments. Methods: All cases diagnosed as mandibular ORN and received surgical treatment in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University from August 2014 to March 2019 were included. The patients' clinical data, mainly including general information, primary tumor, interval time between radiotherapy and osteoradionecrosis, surgical methods and postoperative complications, were collected. The data of surgical methods and postoperative complications of these patients were compared with the similar data of patients with malignant tumor surgically treated by using vascularized free flaps during the same period. Results: The postoperative follow-up data of 104 patients with mandibular ORN, who underwent surgery in our hospital, were collected. In the control group, surgeries of vascularized free flap transfer were performed in 430 patients with malignant tumor. Among the 34 ORN cases (34/104, 32.7%) of segmental resection with vascularized free flap transfer, there were 13 cases (13/34, 38.2%) of postoperative local infection in maxillofacial area, 6 cases (17.6%) of pulmonary infection, 2 cases (5.9%) of venous thrombosis, 3 cases (8.8%) of anastomotic artery rupture and 5 cases (14.7%) of vascular crisis. One case died of depression and misanthropy. Meanwhile, among 430 patients with malignant tumor who underwent surgeries of vascular free flap reconstruction, 25 cases (5.8%) had postoperative local infection and 29 cases (6.7%) had pulmonary infection. Vascular crisis occurred in 12 cases (2.8%) and anastomotic artery rupture in 1 case (0.2%). No venous thrombosis and misanthropy occurred. The incidence of postoperative complications in mandibular ORN was much higher than that of vascularized free flap transfer surgeries in malignant tumor cases (P<0.05). Conclusions: Compared with patients with malignant tumors undergoing vascularized free flap transfer surgeries, patients with mandibular ORN undergoing same surgeries are more likely to have postoperative complications. This study may help clinicians to fully understand the local, general and psychological conditions during the perioperative period of ORN patients.

19.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(5): 338-342, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915622

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the safety and feasibility of using fusion indocyanine green fluorescence imaging (FIGFI) technique for intraoperative evaluation of colorectal perfusion in the totally laparoscopic left colectomy. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to collect the clinical data of 58 patients with left colon cancer who underwent totally laparoscopic surgery at the Colorectal Surgery Department, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from October 2016 to December 2019. There were 39 males and 19 females, aging (57.0±10.1)years(range:28 to 75 years). According to whether the FIGFI was used during the operation, they were divided into 36 cases in the study group and 22 cases in the control group. The clinical pathological characteristics, operative and postoperative recovery of the two groups were compared by t test, χ2 test, and Fisher exact test. Results: All the 58 patients underwent R0 resection with totally laparoscopic surgery. In the study group, due to poor bowel blood flow after cutting the mesentery (Sherwinter score = 1), 1 patient had to be expanded the resection range until the blood flow was rich(Sherwinter score≥3), and 1 patient in the control group had the complication of postoperative anastomotic leakage of grade A. Compared with the control group, the operation time in the study group was shorter ((156.3±43.5) minutes vs. (180.4±41.3) minutes, t=-2.083, P=0.042). However, there were no significant differences in the amount of blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative time of anal exhaust, length of bowel resection, number of lymph nodes dissected, and in the incidence of postoperative complications between the two groups. Median follow-up period was 23 months (range: 18 to 37 months). There were no long-term postoperative complications such as ischemic enteritis and anastomotic stenosis in both groups. Conclusions: The FIGFI is safe and feasible to assess the blood supply of intestinal segment and anastomosis during totally laparoscopic left hemicolectomy, and is easy to operate. It is expected to reduce the incidence of anastomotic leakage.


Assuntos
Verde de Indocianina , Laparoscopia , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Colectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Imagem Óptica , Perfusão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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