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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715010

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of prenatal dexamethasone treatment in offspring at risk for congenital adrenal hyperplasia. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, the clinicaltrials.gov website databases was systematically searched from inception through March 2019. WMD and SMD with 95%CIs were calculated using random or fixed effects models. RESULTS: There was a significant reduction of virilization in the DEX-treated group (WMD: -2.39, 95%CI: -3.31,-1.47). No significant differences were found in newborn physical outcomes for birth weight (WMD: 0.09, 95%CI: -0.09, 0.27) and birth length (WMD= 0.27, 95%CI: -0.68, 1.21). Concerning cognitive functions, no significant differences in the domains of psychometric intelligence (SMD: 0.05, 95%CI: -0.74, 0.83), verbal memory (SMD: -0.17, 95%CI: -0.58, 0.23), visual memory (SMD: 0.10, 95%CI: -0.14, 0.34), learning (SMD: -0.02, 95%CI: -0.27, 0.22), verbal processing (SMD: -0.38, 95%CI: -0.93, 0.17). Regarding behavioral problems, no significant differences in the domains of internalizing problems (SMD: 0.16, 95%CI: -0.49, 0.81), externalizing problems (SMD: 0.07, 95%CI: -0.30, 0.43), total problems (SMD: 0.14, 95%CI: -0.23, 0.51). With respect to temperament, no significant differences in the domains of emotionality (SMD: 0.13, 95%CI: -0.79, 1.05), activity (SMD: 0.04, 95%CI: -0.32, 0.39), shyness (SMD: 0.25, 95%CI: -0.70, 1.20), sociability (SMD: -0.23, 95%CI: -0.90, 0.44). CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal DEX treatment reduced virilization with no significant differences in newborn physical outcomes, cognitive functions, behavioral problems, temperament. The results need to be interpreted cautiously due to the existence of limitations.

2.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 19(1): 83, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thyroid dysfunction is one of the prevalent endocrine disorders. The relationship between lifestyle factors and thyroid dysfunction was not clear and some of the factors seemed paradoxical. METHODS: We conducted this population-based study using data from 5154 She ethnic minority people who had entered into the epidemic survey of diabetes between July 2007 to September 2009. Life style information was collected using a standard questionnaire. Body mass index (BMI), Blood pressure and serum TSH, TPOAb, triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) were collected. RESULTS: The study showed that people who drank, had higher education or suffered from insomnia have lower incidence of hyperthyroidism. On the other hand, smoking, alcohol consumption, exercise, undergoing weight watch and chronic headache were associated with decreased incidence of hypothyroidism. Using multivariable logistic regression analysis, we found that alcohol consumption was associated with decreased probability of hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, as well as positive TPOAb. The amounts of cigarettes smoked daily displayed a positive correlation with hyperthyroidism among smokers. Accordingly, smoking seemed to be associated with decreased risk for hypothyroidism and positive TPOAb. Exercise and maintaining a healthy weight might have a beneficial effect on thyroid health. Interestingly, daily staple amount showed an inverse correlation with incidence of positive TPOAb. CONCLUSIONS: Within the Chinese She ethnic minority, we found associations between different lifestyle factors and the incidence of different thyroid diseases. Understanding the nature of these associations requires further investigations.

3.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 69(6): 828-833, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189290

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine receptors for advanced glycation end-products Gly82Ser polymorphism in patients of type 2 diabetes with comorbid depression. METHODS: The case-control study was conducted at Fujian Provincial Hospital, Fuzhou, China, between December 2011 and December 2012, and comprised unrelated Chinese Han patients of type 2 diabetes, and diabetics with diagnosed clinical depression. Gly82Ser polymorphism polymorphism was determined using polymerase chain reaction amplification-high resolution melting curve protocol. Serum levels of endogenous secretory receptor for advanced glycation end products were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. SPSS 16 was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Of the 114 subjects, 72(63.15%) were clinically depressed. Lower levels of endogenous secretory receptor were found in the depression group compared with the other group (p=0.049). No difference in genotypes or allele frequencies existed between the two groups (p>0.05). Gly82Ser carriers had significantly higher Hamilton Rating Scale scores (p<0.001) and lower serum endogenous secretory receptor (p=0.012) among the depressed diabetics. There were also significant differences in body mass index (p=0.005), abdominal circumference (p=0.038), carotid intima-media thickness (p=0.037) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (p=0.005) concentration between the different genotypes.. CONCLUSIONS: Receptors for advanced glycation end-products-ligands system may be involved in type 2 diabetes with comorbid depression at the genetic level.

4.
Endocr Pract ; 25(4): 299-305, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30995429

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the association between famine exposure in early life and osteoporosis in adulthood. Methods: A total of 2,292 participants born between 1955 and 1965 in Fujian Province were selected; after 3 years, 1,378 participants attended a follow-up research visit. Calcaneus bone mineral density and bone quality were measured by quantitative ultrasound. The T-score was used to assess bone mineral density, and the parameters quantitative ultrasound index (QUI), speed of sound (SOS), and broadband ultrasonic attenuation (BUA) were used to assess bone quality. A T-score threshold of -1.8 was defined as osteoporosis, and a possible vertebral fracture was considered as a prospective height loss of 0.8 inches or more. Results: Compared with the nonexposed cohort, risks of osteoporosis for fetal-, early childhood, and mid-childhood famine-exposed cohorts in postmenopausal women were adjusted odds ratio (OR), 3.741 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.233, 11.44) versus OR 2.894 (95% CI, 0.997, 8.571) versus OR 4.699 (95% CI, 1.622, 13.612) by logistic regression but not significant in men. Moreover, the fetal-exposed cohort had a weak negative relation with QUI (ß, -5.07 [-10.226, 0.127]) and BUA (ß, -4.321 [-0.88, 0.238]). The early- and mid-childhood-exposed cohorts had significantly lower QUI (ß, -7.085 [-11.799, -2.372] versus ß, -10.845 [-15.68, -6.01]) and BUA (ß, -6.381 [-10.515, -2.246] versus ß, -8.573 [-12.815, -4.331]) than the nonexposed cohort by linear regression. None of the famine-exposed cohorts had a significant relationship with SOS. Conclusion: Famine exposure during early life is associated with higher risk of osteoporosis in adulthood, which is most obvious in postmenopausal women. Furthermore, famine exposure in early life has adverse effects on bone quality. Abbreviations: BMD = bone mineral density; BUA = broadband ultrasonic attenuation; CI = confidence interval; OR = odds ratio; QUI = quantitative ultrasound index; QUS = quantitative ultrasound; SOS = speed of sound.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Absorciometria de Fóton , Densidade Óssea , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Inanição
5.
Menopause ; 2018 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30516712

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of early life exposure to famine, as endured during 1959 to 1961 in China, on reproductive aging in adult women. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2012, 2,868 women born around the Chinese famine period (1956-1964) were enrolled in this study from three communities in China. Age at natural menopause was obtained retrospectively from a structured questionnaire. The associations of early life famine exposure with reproductive aging during adulthood were estimated, with adjustment of socioeconomic status, lifestyle factors, and body mass index. RESULTS: Women exposed to prenatal famine had a higher risk of early menopause (ie, natural menopause <45 years, odds ratio: 1.59, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.07, 2.36), and a nonsignificant trend of higher risk of premature ovarian failure (ie, natural menopause <40 y, odds ratio: 1.94, 95% CI: 0.93, 4.00), compared to unexposed women. Exposure to famine during childhood was not significantly associated with reproductive aging. In a secondary analysis focusing on the fetal exposure, prenatal famine exposure was associated with a higher risk of premature ovarian failure (odds ratio: 2.07, 95% CI: 1.08, 3.87), and a nonsignificant trend of higher risk of early menopause (odds ratio: 1.37, 95% CI: 0.98, 1.91), compared to those unexposed to prenatal famine. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that fetal exposure to famine was associated with an increased risk of early menopause. Such findings provided evidence in favor of the thrifty phenotype theory in reproductive aging and helped better understand the etiology of early menopause.

6.
Sleep Breath ; 22(1): 223-232, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28238100

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Renal hyperfiltration (RHF) has emerged as a novel marker of early renal damage in various conditions such as diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Aberrant sleep duration and excessive daytime napping may affect the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this study, the association between sleep duration, daytime napping, and renal hyperfiltration was assessed. SETTING: This study was conducted in three communities in China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 16,119 community volunteers (5735 males and 10,384 females) aged 40-65 years without CKD were included for the study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants with short sleep duration (<6 h/day) or long sleep duration (≥10 h/day) were at a significantly increased risk of renal hyperfiltration. The fully adjusted ORs (95% CI) were 2.112 (1.107, 4.031) and 2.071 (1.504, 2.853), respectively (P < 0.05). In addition, those who took naps longer than 1.5 h per day had a higher risk of renal hyperfiltration compared with those without napping (OR 1.400, 95% CI 1.018-1.924). Further joint analysis indicated that participants with long sleep duration (≥10 h/day) had a more than twofold increased risk of RHF regardless of nap status compared with those who slept 8-9 h per day without daytime napping. The association between sleep duration or daytime napping and RHF could not be explained by the influence of sleep quality. Additional subgroup analysis showed long sleep duration (≥9 h/day) and long daytime napping (≥1.5 h) were associated with an increased risk of RHF among individuals with good sleep quality. CONCLUSION: Sleep duration less than 6 h/day or more than 10 h/day and long daytime napping tend to be associated with an increased risk of renal hyperfiltration in middle-aged general population, and this relationship was independent of diabetes, hypertension, obesity, or poor sleep quality.

7.
J Endocr Soc ; 1(8): 1085-1094, 2017 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29264561

RESUMO

Purpose: To explore the association between bone mineral density (BMD) and ß-cell function. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in Fujian, China, from 2011 to 2012. The study included 572 elderly men older than age 60 years and 1558 postmenopausal women aged 45 to 86 years, excluding those with diabetes and insulin resistance. Fasting glucose and insulin concentrations were measured. Pancreatic ß-cell function was estimated by using the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-ß). Calcaneus BMD was measured by using quantitative ultrasonography. Multiple regression analyses were applied to explore the association. Results: Participants with decreased BMD had lower fasting glucose (P < 0.001 in postmenopausal women; P = 0.007 in elderly men) and greater HOMA-ß (P = 0.001 in postmenopausal women; P = 0.008 in elderly men) than those with normal BMD, whereas no statistical differences in insulin were seen among categories of BMD. After adjustment for all confounders, HOMA-ß was still significantly negatively related to BMD in both groups (all P < 0.001), and remarkable positive relationships were found between BMD and fasting glucose. Furthermore, binary logistic regression presented fully adjusted odds ratios for diabetes in those with osteoporosis vs those with normal BMD: 0.60 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.38 to 0.94] and 0.66 (95% CI, 0.49 to 0.91) in the original selected population of elderly men (n = 1070) and postmenopausal women (n = 2825), respectively. Conclusions: BMD was independently inversely associated with HOMA-ß and positively associated with fasting glucose in both elderly men and postmenopausal women, suggesting that bone mass may be a predictor of glucose metabolism. Further research is needed to verify the associations and determine the exact mechanism underlying them.

8.
Chin J Integr Med ; 23(6): 461-468, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26825084

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the gene location of two Gitelman syndrome (GS) family SLC12A3 genes and explore treatments using Chinese medicine (CM) prescriptions. METHODS: In order to locate the two GS mutations, samples were collected from 11 people from two different pedigrees for direct genetic sequencing and comparison of the 26 exons of SLC12A3. Furthermore, the change of serum potassium was monitored throughout the therapy and those two probands undertook a sequential superposition of Western medicine (including potassium, Panangin and potassium-sparing diuretics) with CM prescription based on Buyang Huanwu Decoction () and Sijunzi Decoction (). The treatment included three stages, oral potassium chloride for the first 2 weeks (stage 1), potassium-sparing diuretic and Panangin with potassium chloride for the next 2 weeks (stage 2), CM along with the medicine in stage 2 for the final 2 weeks (stage 3). RESULTS: The three mutations occurring in proband 1 from pedigree I were Thr60Met, 965-1_976del13ins12 (small indels mutation) and Ala122Ala (homozygous silent mutation). Likewise, three mutations, Asn359Lys, Thr382Met and Arg913Gln, appeared in the proband 2 from pedigree II. The serum potassium levels increasing from baseline to sequential stages were 1.63 mmol/L (baseline), 2.5 mmol/L (stage 1), 3.1 mmol/L (stage 2) and 3.9 mmol/L (stage 3) in the proband 1, and 2.8 mmol/L (baseline), 3.1 mmol/L (stage 1), 3.5 mmol/L (stage 2) and 4.3 mmol/L (stage 3) in the proband 2, respectively. The symptoms (numbness of limbs, weakness, palpitations, etc.) of both probands were all alleviated. CONCLUSIONS: The mutations of both GS pedigrees can be defined as compound heterozygous mutations, most of which are known as missense mutations. Applying CM could be an appropriate choice for future intervention of GS.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Gitelman/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Gitelman/genética , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Mutação/genética , Adolescente , Sequência de Bases , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Família , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Linhagem , Membro 3 da Família 12 de Carreador de Soluto/genética
9.
J Diabetes ; 9(7): 707-716, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27613695

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ß-Cells at different stages have different functions and capacity for proliferation, regenerative and apoptosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether there are changes in ß-cell phonotype in the development of diabetes to identify potential ß-cell targets to prevent the progression of diabetes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed on pancreatic tissues obtained from 80 patients classified into three groups: 25 with type 2 diabetes (T2D), 25 with impaired fasting glucose (IFG), and 30 non-diabetics (ND). The ratio of the insulin-positive area to pancreatic area was used as an indirect marker of ß-cell mass. Insulin-positive duct cells and scattered ß-cells were defined as newly generated ß-cells, whereas insulin/neurogenin 3 (Ngn3), insulin/v-maf musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene family, protein A (MafA) and insulin/P16 double-positive cells were defined as immature, mature, and senescent ß-cells, respectively; Ki67 was used as a marker of cell proliferation, and terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-digoxigenin nick end-labeling (TUNEL) was used as a marker of cell apoptosis. Data were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in ß-cell mass, the prevalence of insulin-positive duct cells, scattered ß-cells, or insulin/Ngn3, insulin/MafA, and Insulin/Ki67 double-positive cells among groups. The incidence of insulin/P16 double-positive cells was significantly higher in T2D than ND. ß-Cell apoptosis was significantly higher in T2D and IFG than ND. CONCLUSION: The senescence and apoptosis of ß-cells may be involved in the course of diabetes.


Assuntos
Senescência Celular , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Intolerância à Glucose/metabolismo , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Apoptose , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Glicemia/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Feminino , Intolerância à Glucose/sangue , Intolerância à Glucose/diagnóstico , Humanos , Insulina/metabolismo , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Maf Maior/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
JBMR Plus ; 1(2): 107-115, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30283884

RESUMO

Low bone mineral density (BMD) and microvascular diseases (MVD) share various common risk factors; however, whether MVD is an independent risk factor of vertebral fractures is incompletely understood. The aim of this study is to clarify whether MVD is an independent risk factor of vertebral fractures. In this prospective study, calcaneal BMD and retinal microvascular abnormalities were assessed at baseline from June 2011 to January 2012. A total of 2176 premenopausal women, 2633 postmenopausal women, 2998 men aged <65 years, and 737 men aged ≥65 were included. Then with/without retinal microvascular abnormalities cohorts were followed for an average of 2.93 years to find out the relationship between MVD and vertebral fractures. At the baseline, after full adjustment, retinal microvascular abnormalities were related to risk of low BMD only in men aged ≥65 years (odds ratio [OR] = 2.506; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.454-4.321; p = 0.001). After follow-up of 2.93 years, retinal microvascular abnormalities were related to risk of vertebral fractures in men aged ≥65 years (OR = 2.475; 95% CI 1.085-5.646; p = 0.031) when adjustment for confounding factors. However, no associations were found between MVD and vertebral fractures in men aged <65 years, premenopausal women, and postmenopausal women. When stratified by diabetes, in the without-diabetes group, the men with retinal microvascular abnormalities had higher risk for vertebral fractures than without retinopathy (OR = 2.194; 95% CI 1.097-4.389; p = 0.026); however, the difference was not found in women. In the diabetes group, there were no significant differences of risk for vertebral fractures between those with retinal microvascular abnormalities and those without both in men and women. Stratified by hypertension, the men with retinopathy had higher risk for vertebral fractures than those without among the hypertension group (OR = 2.034; 95% CI 1.163-3.559; p = 0.013), but a difference was not found among women. In the without-hypertension group, no relation was found between MVD and fracture both in men and women. In conclusion, MVD is an independent risk factor of vertebral fractures in old men. © 2017 The Authors. JBMR Plus is published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.

11.
Sensors (Basel) ; 16(4)2016 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27070624

RESUMO

With the development of wireless sensor networks (WSNs), in most application scenarios traditional WSNs with static sink nodes will be gradually replaced by Mobile Sinks (MSs), and the corresponding application requires a secure communication environment. Current key management researches pay less attention to the security of sensor networks with MS. This paper proposes a hybrid key management schemes based on a Polynomial Pool-based key pre-distribution and Basic Random key pre-distribution (PPBR) to be used in WSNs with MS. The scheme takes full advantages of these two kinds of methods to improve the cracking difficulty of the key system. The storage effectiveness and the network resilience can be significantly enhanced as well. The tree-based path key establishment method is introduced to effectively solve the problem of communication link connectivity. Simulation clearly shows that the proposed scheme performs better in terms of network resilience, connectivity and storage effectiveness compared to other widely used schemes.

12.
Sensors (Basel) ; 16(2): 212, 2016 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26861348

RESUMO

Due to their special environment, Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs) are usually deployed over a large sea area and the nodes are usually floating. This results in a lower beacon node distribution density, a longer time for localization, and more energy consumption. Currently most of the localization algorithms in this field do not pay enough consideration on the mobility of the nodes. In this paper, by analyzing the mobility patterns of water near the seashore, a localization method for UWSNs based on a Mobility Prediction and a Particle Swarm Optimization algorithm (MP-PSO) is proposed. In this method, the range-based PSO algorithm is used to locate the beacon nodes, and their velocities can be calculated. The velocity of an unknown node is calculated by using the spatial correlation of underwater object's mobility, and then their locations can be predicted. The range-based PSO algorithm may cause considerable energy consumption and its computation complexity is a little bit high, nevertheless the number of beacon nodes is relatively smaller, so the calculation for the large number of unknown nodes is succinct, and this method can obviously decrease the energy consumption and time cost of localizing these mobile nodes. The simulation results indicate that this method has higher localization accuracy and better localization coverage rate compared with some other widely used localization methods in this field.

13.
Sensors (Basel) ; 16(2): 170, 2016 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26840311

RESUMO

In many wireless sensor network application scenarios the key management scheme with a Mobile Sink (MS) should be fully investigated. This paper proposes a key management scheme based on dynamic clustering and optimal-routing choice of MS. The concept of Traveling Salesman Problem with Neighbor areas (TSPN) in dynamic clustering for data exchange is proposed, and the selection probability is used in MS route planning. The proposed scheme extends static key management to dynamic key management by considering the dynamic clustering and mobility of MSs, which can effectively balance the total energy consumption during the activities. Considering the different resources available to the member nodes and sink node, the session key between cluster head and MS is established by modified an ECC encryption with Diffie-Hellman key exchange (ECDH) algorithm and the session key between member node and cluster head is built with a binary symmetric polynomial. By analyzing the security of data storage, data transfer and the mechanism of dynamic key management, the proposed scheme has more advantages to help improve the resilience of the key management system of the network on the premise of satisfying higher connectivity and storage efficiency.

14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 15(12): 29958-69, 2015 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26633405

RESUMO

It is expected that in the near future wireless sensor network (WSNs) will be more widely used in the mobile environment, in applications such as Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) for marine monitoring and mobile robots for environmental investigation. The sensor nodes' mobility can easily cause changes to the structure of a network topology, and lead to the decline in the amount of transmitted data, excessive energy consumption, and lack of security. To solve these problems, a kind of efficient Topology Control algorithm for node Mobility (TCM) is proposed. In the topology construction stage, an efficient clustering algorithm is adopted, which supports sensor node movement. It can ensure the balance of clustering, and reduce the energy consumption. In the topology maintenance stage, the digital signature authentication based on Error Correction Code (ECC) and the communication mechanism of soft handover are adopted. After verifying the legal identity of the mobile nodes, secure communications can be established, and this can increase the amount of data transmitted. Compared to some existing schemes, the proposed scheme has significant advantages regarding network topology stability, amounts of data transferred, lifetime and safety performance of the network.

16.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 100(6): 2420-4, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25668199

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is reported to be associated with an increased frequency of hypertension, however, information in this regard is sparse in relation to normocalcemic primary hyperparathyroidism (NPHPT). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the association between NPHPT and blood pressure. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: We retrospectively enrolled 940 patients who visited the Fujian Provincial Hospital between September 2010 and December 2013 with a measured serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcium level. Among them, 11 patients were diagnosed with NPHPT, while 296 cases with normal PTH and albumin-adjusted serum calcium. MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES: Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), intact serum PTH, and serum calcium were recorded. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between subjects identified with NPHPT and those with normal PTH in terms of age, sex, body mass index, serum calcium, 25-Hydroxyvitamin D, serum creatinine, fasting plasma glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein, and low density lipoprotein. The subjects with a diagnosis of NPHPT had higher levels of SBP (141.9 ± 20.2 vs 131.2 ± 16.5, P = .041) and DBP (85.2 ± 12.4 vs 76.8 ± 10.3, P = .026) than the subjects in the cohort with normal PTH. After adjustment for all potential confounders, risks (odds ratios and 95% confidence interval) of SBP and DBP in NPHPT patients were 1.035 (1.000, 1.071) and 1.063 (1.004, 1.125), respectively (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: The NPHPT had higher risk of high blood pressure than subjects with normal PTH. It is worth considering the necessity of more aggressive therapeutic intervention aimed to normalize PTH even if patients with NPHPT continue to be normocalcemic.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea , Cálcio/sangue , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/sangue , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/epidemiologia , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hormônio Paratireóideo/sangue , Prognóstico , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Endocr J ; 62(1): 29-36, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25273610

RESUMO

Gitelman syndrome (GS) is a salt-wasting tubulointerstitial disease of autosomal recessive inheritance (OMIM613395) caused by genic mutation of SLC12A3, which codes thiazide-sensitive Na-Cl cotransporter (NCCT) gene. The gene mutation of the majority of GS patients is compound heterozygous. This study analyzes two cases of GS gene mutation and the clinical phenotype. Twenty patients of two GS pedigrees underwent direct sequence alignment of 26 exons of SLC12A3 to spot and locate mutant site. Proband A of Pedigree I had three mutant sites: Arg928Cys, a homozygote, missense mutation, and two homozygous silent mutations, Ala122Ala and Thr465Thr, and 8 members of Pedigree I carried Arg928Cy heterozygous mutation. Proband B of Pedigree II had a homozygote, Ser710X, and a termination codon was spotted, which would inevitably be translated into abridged and defective protein, and 7 members had Ser710X heterozygous mutation. The heterozygous mutation carriers of the two pedigrees often have stimulus-controlled hypokalemia after strenuous exercise. The parents of Proband A are cousins, a case of intermarriage. Both probands show hypokalemia, hypochloraemia, hypocalcinuria, hyperreninemia, and hyperaldosteronemia; Proband A has normal serum magnesium and increased urinary sodium excretion, while Proband B has hypomagnesemia and increased urinary magnesium ion excretion. Both probands have normal or lower blood pressure, weakness and numbness of lower extremities, muscular soreness, and occasional palpitations and chest discomfort. Proband A wearies easily and Proband B has occasional joint numbness and pain. These two homozygous mutations are responsible for the morbidity of two GS families and they show heterogenicity of clinical phenotype.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Gitelman/genética , Homozigoto , Mutação , Adulto , Substituição de Aminoácidos , China , Códon sem Sentido , Consanguinidade , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Síndrome de Gitelman/sangue , Síndrome de Gitelman/metabolismo , Síndrome de Gitelman/fisiopatologia , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Linhagem , Mutação Silenciosa , Membro 3 da Família 12 de Carreador de Soluto/genética , Membro 3 da Família 12 de Carreador de Soluto/metabolismo
18.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 99(8): 2869-77, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24848706

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Associations between sleep, daytime nap duration, and osteoporosis remain uncertain, and far less is even known about the influence of sex, menopause, and sleep quality on them. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to test the associations between sleep, daytime nap duration, and osteoporosis and whether they vary by sex, menopause, and sleep quality. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: This cross-sectional study was based on two communities in China. A total of 8688 participants (3950 males and 4738 females) aged 40 years or older were enrolled in the study. MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES: Self-reported sleep duration, daytime nap duration, sleep quality, and calcaneus bone mineral density were recorded. RESULTS: Sleep duration of 8-9 h/d and nap duration of 0 min/d were regarded as reference values. In postmenopausal women, risks (odds ratio and 95% confidence interval) of osteoporosis for sleep durations of 7-8 h/d, 9-10 h/d, and 10 h/d or longer were 1.531 (1.106, 2.121), 1.360 (1.035, 1.787), and 1.569 (1.146, 2.149), respectively (P < .05), and risks of osteoporosis for daytime nap durations of 30-60 min/d and longer than 60 min/d were 1.553 (1.212-1.989) and 1.645 (1.250-2.165), respectively (P < .05). However, a significant difference was not consistently observed in men or premenopausal women, regardless of sleep or daytime nap duration. As for sleep quality, positive results were seen most remarkably in postmenopausal females with good sleep. CONCLUSIONS: Sleep durations of 7-8 h/d, 9-10 h/d, and 10 h/d or longer, as well as longer daytime napping times, tend to present higher risks of having osteoporosis, and this tendency is most obvious in postmenopausal women reporting good-quality sleep.


Assuntos
Menopausa/fisiologia , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Sono/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Densidade Óssea , China/epidemiologia , Ritmo Circadiano , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/etiologia , Osteoporose/fisiopatologia , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Endocr Pract ; 20(8): 775-84, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24518175

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels and risk of osteopenia in middle-aged and elderly Chinese with ALT within the normal range. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. A total of 4,890 men and women (pre- and postmenopausal) aged 40 years or older were randomly recruited from Fujian, China. Each participant was required to complete a questionnaire and then undergo anthropometric, biochemical, and bone mineral density measurements. RESULTS: The odds ratio of osteopenia decreased significantly with increasing ALT level at baseline. The three groups (men, pre- and postmenopausal women) were divided by ALT quartiles. In multiple logistic regression models using the first quartile as the reference, after adjusting for corresponding confounding factors, the odds ratios of osteopenia across the other ALT quartiles were 0.576 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.390 to 0.851), 0.654 (95% CI, 0.460 to 0.930), and 0.629 (95% CI, 0.427 to 0.926) for premenopausal women, and 0.949 (95% CI, 0.699 to 1.289), 0.733 (95% CI, 0.540 to 0.995), and 0.692 (95% CI, 0.508 to 0.943) for postmenopausal women (not significant for quartile 2). However, no significantly different results were found in men. Multiple linear regression models showed that serum ALT concentrations were positively associated with the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance. CONCLUSION: Our study of middle-aged and elderly Chinese men and women demonstrates that the prevalence of osteopenia is inversely associated with ALT level when ALT is within the normal range.


Assuntos
Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/etiologia , Idoso , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/enzimologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
PLoS One ; 8(11): e79214, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24260170

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the associations of green tea and rock tea consumption with risk of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). METHODS: A multistage, stratified, cluster, random-sampling method was used to select a representative sample from Fujian Province in China. In total, 4808 subjects without cardiovascular disease, hypertension, cancer, or pancreatic, liver, kidney, or gastrointestinal diseases were enrolled in the study. A standard questionnaire was used to gather data on tea (green, rock, and black) consumption and other relevant factors. The assessment of impaired glucose regulation (IGR) was using 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), the diagnostic criteria of normal glucose tolerance was according to American Diabetes Association. RESULTS: Green tea consumption was associated with a lower risk of IFG, while rock tea consumption was associated with a lower risk of IGT. The adjusted odds ratios for IFG for green tea consumption of <1, 1-15, 16-30, and >30 cups per week were 1.0 (reference), 0.42 (95% confidence intervals (CI) 0.27-0.65), 0.23 (95% CI, 0.12-0.46), and 0.41 (95% CI, 0.17-0.93), respectively. The adjusted odds ratios for IGT for rock tea consumption of <1, 1-15, 16-30, and >30 cups per week were 1.0 (reference), 0.69 (95% CI, 0.48-0.98), 0.59 (95% CI, 0.39-0.90), and 0.64 (95% CI, 0.43-0.97), respectively. A U-shaped association was observed, subjects who consumed 16-30 cups of green or rock tea per week having the lowest odds ratios for IFG or IGT. CONCLUSIONS: Consumption of green or rock tea may protect against the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Chinese men and women, particularly in those who drink 16-30 cups per week.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/prevenção & controle , Jejum , Glucose/metabolismo , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Feminino , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Chá
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