Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.310
Filtrar
1.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 671151, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658942

RESUMO

The lack of biomarkers greatly limits the diagnosis and treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). Endogenous L-carnitine (LC) and its derivative acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) play antidepressant roles by improving brain energy metabolism, regulating neurotransmitters and neural plasticity. The levels of ALC in people and rodents with depression are significantly reduced. It is necessary to determine whether serum LC and ALC might be used as novel biomarkers for the diagnosis of MDD. Here, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) was used to determine the concentration of LC and ALC in the serum of healthy controls and patients with MDD; among the latter, in patients who were responsive (effective group) and non-responsive (ineffective group) after 2 weeks of treatment. The diagnostic value of serum LC and ALC for MDD was assessed. Compared with healthy controls, the serum LC and ALC concentrations in patients with MDD were significantly decreased (P < 0.001). Pearson correlation analysis shows that the HDRS-24 score was negatively associated with serum ALC (r = -0.325, P = 0.007). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis revealed an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.801 with 83.1% sensitivity and 66.3% specificity for LC, and an AUC of 0.898 with 88.8% sensitivity and 76.4% specificity for ALC, differentiating patients with MDD from healthy controls. Furthermore, the concentration of LC and ALC in patients with depression was significantly increased in the effective treatment group, and no significant change was observed in the ineffective treatment group. These results suggest that serum LC and ALC may be novel biomarkers for the diagnosis of MDD.

2.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 731757, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671257

RESUMO

Introduction: Pharmacovigilance studies include monitoring and preventing the occurrence of new, rare, or serious adverse drug reactions, making it possible to discover new safety issues without delay. Bibliometrics could assist scholars to analyze the development of pharmacovigilance. Methods: The MeSH terms of both pharmacovigilance and "adverse drug reaction reporting system" were retrieved in the Science Citation Index Expanded. The articles from 1974 to July 2021 in the pharmacology and pharmacy category were recruited. The citation reports including the publication numbers, h-index, and sum and average cited times in terms of annuals, countries, organizations, authors and journals were tabulated. The coauthorship relations in the analysis units of countries, organizations, and authors; the top 10 burst references; the document citation network; and the author's keywords co-occurrence overlay map were visualized by bibliometric software including the website (https://bibliometric.com/), VOSviewer, CiteSpace, and CitNetExplorer. Results: From 1974 to the present, the most high-yield publication year, country, institute, author, and journal were 2020 (n = 222), France (n = 522), Netherlands Pharmacovigilance Centre Lareb (n = 82), Jean-Louis Montastruc (n = 125), Drug Safety (n = 384), respectively, in all 2,128 articles. Similarly, the United States, Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, and Jean-Louis Montastruc had the most coauthorship strength at the macrolevel (global), mesolevel (local), and microlevel (individual). The topics of burst references covered are the development of methodology, issues of patients reporting and under-reporting, evaluation of methods and databases, assessment of causality, and perspectives in pharmacovigilance. Eight clusters were grouped in the document citation network. "Pharmacovigilance," "adverse drug reactions," "pharmacoepidemiology," "drug safety," and "signal detection" were the research priorities, while "drug-related side effects and adverse reactions," "VigiBase," "disproportionality analysis," "social media," "FAERS," "chemotherapy," "patient safety," "reporting odds ratio," and "preventability" might be the future research hotspots. Conclusion: Positive synergies can be observed in this study by employing the multiple software tools which established the relationship between the units of analysis. The bibliometric analysis can organize the thematic development and guide the hotspots of pharmacovigilance in pharmacology and pharmacy.

3.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 752984, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671629

RESUMO

Background/Objective: The aim of study is to assess the efficacy of each ventilator weaning method for ventilated patients in intensive care units (ICUs). Methods: A systematic search was conducted using PubMed, Embase, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure to identify randomized control studies on ventilated patients regarding extubation associated outcomes (weaning success or failure, proportion requiring re-intubation, or mortality) from inception until April 01, 2020. Commonly used ventilation modes involved pressure support ventilation, synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation, automatic tube compensation, continuous positive airway pressure, adaptive support ventilation, neurally adjusted ventilatory assist, proportional assisted ventilation, and SmartCare. Pooled estimates regarding extubation associated outcomes were calculated using network meta-analysis. Results: Thirty-nine randomized controlled trials including 5,953 patients met inclusion criteria. SmartCare and proportional assist ventilation were found to be effective methods in increasing weaning success (odds ratio, 2.72, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.33-5.58, P-score: 0.84; odds ratio, 2.56, 95% CI, 1.60-4.11, P-score: 0.83; respectively). Besides, proportional assist ventilation had superior in reducing proportion requiring re-intubation rate (odds ratio, 0.48, 95% CI, 0.25-0.92, P-score: 0.89) and mortality (odds ratio, 0.48, 95% CI, 0.26-0.92, P-score: 0.91) than others. Conclusion: In general consideration, our study provided evidence that weaning with proportional assist ventilation has a high probability of being the most effective ventilation mode for patients with mechanical ventilation regarding a higher rate of weaning success, a lower proportion requiring reintubation, and a lower mortality rate than other ventilation modes.

4.
J Neuroinflammation ; 18(1): 229, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645459

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) is a severe complication, which involves pathological damage to the brain and cognitive function. However, its exact mechanism of action still remains unclear. In this study, we explored the role of microglia in the cognitive dysfunction of NPSLE mice. We also analyzed and compared the metabolites in the hippocampal tissues of the lupus model and control mice. METHODS: MRL/MpJ-Faslpr (MRL/lpr) female mice were used as the NPSLE mouse model. Metabolomics was used to assess hippocampal glycolysis levels. Glucose, lactic acid, IL-6, and IL-1ß of the hippocampus were detected by ELISA. Based on the glycolysis pathway, we found that pyruvate kinase isoform M2 (PKM2) in the hippocampus was significantly increased. Thus, the expression of PKM2 was detected by qRT-PCR and Western blotting, and the localization of PKM2 in microglia (IBA-1+) or neurons (NeuN+) was assessed by immunofluorescence staining. Flow cytometry was used to detect the number and phenotype of microglia; the changes in microglial phagocytosis and the ß-catenin signaling pathway were detected in BV2 cells overexpressing PKM2. For in vivo experiments, MRL/lpr mice were treated with AAV9-shPKM2. After 2 months, Morris water maze and conditional fear tests were applied to investigate the cognitive ability of mice; H&E and immunofluorescence staining were used to evaluate brain damage; flow cytometry was used to detect the phenotype and function of microglia; neuronal synapse damage was monitored by qRT-PCR, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: Glycolysis was elevated in the hippocampus of MRL/lpr lupus mice, accompanied by increased glucose consumption and lactate production. Furthermore, the activation of PKM2 in hippocampal microglia was observed in lupus mice. Cell experiments showed that PKM2 facilitated microglial activation and over-activated microglial phagocytosis via the ß-catenin signaling pathway. In vivo, AAV9-shPKM2-treated mice showed decreased microglial activation and reduced neuronal synapses loss by blocking the ß-catenin signaling pathway. Furthermore, the cognitive impairment and brain damage of MRL/lpr mice were significantly relieved after microglial PKM2 inhibition. CONCLUSION: These data indicate that microglial PKM2 have potential to become a novel therapeutic target for treating lupus encephalopathy.

5.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671110

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract, which is closely related to gut barrier dysfunction. Emerging evidence shows that interleukin-22 (IL-22) derived from group 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3s) confers benefits on intestinal barrier, and IL-22 expression is controlled by aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Previous studies show that baicalein protects the colon from inflammatory damage. In this study we elucidated the molecular mechanisms underlying the protective effect of baicalein on intestinal barrier function in colitis mice. Mice were administered baicalein (10, 20, 40 mg·kg-1·d-1, i.g.) for 10 days; the mice freely drank 3% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) on D1-D7 to induce colitis. We showed that baicalein administration simultaneously ameliorated gut inflammation, decreased intestinal permeability, restored tight junctions of colons possibly via promoting AhR/IL-22 pathway. Co-administration of AhR antagonist CH223191 (10 mg/kg, i.p.) partially blocked the therapeutic effects of baicalein in colitis mice, whereas AhR agonist FICZ (1 µg, i.p.) ameliorated symptoms and gut barrier function in colitis mice. In a murine lymphocyte line MNK-3, baicalein (5-20 µM) dose-dependently increased the expression of AhR downstream target protein CYP1A1, and enhanced IL-22 production through facilitating AhR nuclear translocation, these effects were greatly diminished in shAhR-MNK3 cells, suggesting that baicalein induced IL-22 production in AhR-dependent manner. To further clarify that, we constructed an in vitro system consisting of MNK-3 and Caco-2 cells, in which MNK-3 cell supernatant treated with baicalein could decrease FITC-dextran permeability and promoted the expression of tight junction proteins ZO-1 and occluding in Caco-2 cells. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that baicalein ameliorates colitis by improving intestinal epithelial barrier via AhR/IL-22 pathway in ILC3s, thus providing a potential therapy for UC.

6.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(9): 829, 2021 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480018

RESUMO

Recent studies indicate that Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and C-type lectin receptors (CLRs) can function as the signal of pattern recognition receptors, which play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of the autoimmune disease. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a classic autoimmune disease. Previous reports mainly focused on the potential role of TLRs in regulating the development of SLE, but little is known about the role of CLRs in the progression of SLE. Our previous studies showed that the inflammation-mediated accumulation of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) including granulocytic (G-MDSCs) and monocytic (M-MDSCs) participated in the pathogenesis of lupus. Mice deficient in Card9 (the downstream molecule of CLRs) were more susceptible to colitis-associated cancer via promoting the expansion of MDSCs. Whether the abnormal activation of CLRs regulates the expansion of MDSCs to participate in the pathogenesis of lupus remains unknown. In the present study, the expressions of CLRs were examined in both SLE patients and mouse models, revealing the expression of Dectin3 was positively correlated with SLEDAI. Dectin3 deficiency retarded the lupus-like disease by regulating the expansion and function of MDSCs. The mechanistic analysis revealed that Dectin3 deficiency promoted FoxO1-mediated apoptosis of MDSCs. Syk-Akt1-mediated nuclear transfer of FoxO1 increased in Dectin3-deficient MDSCs. Notedly, the accumulation of M-MDSCs mainly decreased in Dectin3-/- lupus mice, and the nuclear transfer of FoxO1 negatively correlated with the expression of LOX-1 on M-MDSCs. The silencing of FoxO1 expression in Dectin3-/- mice promoted the expansion of LOX-1+ M-MDSCs in vivo, and LOX-1+ M-MDSCs increased the differentiation of Th17 cells. Both LOX-1 expression on M-MDSCs and Dectin3 expression on MDSCs increased in patients with SLE. These data indicated that increased LOX-1+ M-MDSCs were related to the exacerbation of SLE development and might be potential target cells for the treatment of SLE.

7.
Nanoscale ; 13(37): 15952-15962, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523661

RESUMO

The robust cucurbituril-MOF composite CB6@MIL-101-Cl was synthesized by a wet impregnation method and a concomitant OH-to-Cl ligand exchange {CB6 = cucurbit[6]uril, 31 wt% content in the composite, MIL-101-Cl = [Cr3(O)Cl(H2O)2(BDC)3], BDC = benzene-1,4-dicarboxylate}. MIL-101-Cl was formed postsynthetically from standard fluorine-free MIL-101 where Cr-OH ligands were substituted by Cl during treatment with HCl. CB6@MIL-101-Cl combines the strong SO2 affinity of the rigid CB6 macrocycles and the high SO2 uptake capacity of MIL-101, and shows a high SO2 uptake of 438 cm3 g-1 (19.5 mmol g-1) at 1 bar and 293 K (380 cm3 g-1, 17.0 mmol g-1 at 1 bar and 298 K). The captured SO2 amount is 2.2 mmol g-1 for CB6@MIL-101-Cl at 0.01 bar and 293 K (2.0 mmol g-1 at 298 K), which is three times higher than that of the parent MIL-101 (0.7 mmol g-1) under the same conditions. The near zero-coverage SO2 adsorption enthalpies of MIL-101 and CB6@MIL-101-Cl are -35 kJ mol-1 and -50 kJ mol-1, respectively, reflecting the impact of the incorporated CB6 macrocycles, having higher affinity towards SO2. FT-IR spectroscopy confirms the interactions of the SO2 with the cucurbit[6]uril moieties of the CB6@MIL-101-Cl composite and SO2 retention for a few minutes under ambient air. Comparative experiments demonstrated loss of crystallinity and porosity after dry SO2 adsorption for MIL-101, while CB6@MIL-101-Cl exhibits nearly complete retention of crystallinity and porosity under the exposure to both dry and wet SO2. Thus, CB6@MIL-101-Cl can be an attractive adsorbent for SO2 capture because of its excellent recycling stability, high capacity and strong affinity toward SO2 at low pressure.

8.
ACS Omega ; 6(36): 23598-23606, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549157

RESUMO

Structure-directing agents (SDAs) play important roles in directing the formation of specific zeolite frameworks. Mechanisms and working hypothesis were proposed for understanding how SDAs work during the crystallization of zeolites. The lately reported cooperative structure-directing effect based on the investigation into the synthetic system containing both seed and organic species is one of them and is believed to be effective for synthesizing zeolites which are difficult to access or with novel structures. However, more examples are still needed to support the thesis. Herein, we report for the first time the syntheses of MTT-type zeolites with the simultaneous presences of octyltrimethylammonium chloride (OTMAC) and SFE zeolite seeds in the borosilicate system. SFE borosilicate zeolites serve as exotic seeds for the crystallization of MTT-type zeolites and together with OTMAC play cooperative structure-directing roles. Besides, Al,B-MTT and heteroatom (Zr, V, and Fe)-incorporated MTT-type zeolites were directly synthesized with the introduction of metal sources into the borosilicate system. Physicochemical properties of the obtained MTT zeolites were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, N2 physisorption, NH3-TPD, 27Al NMR, 13C NMR, 11B NMR, UV-visible spectroscopy, and UV Raman spectroscopy. The herein-reported phenomenon provides an example to better understand the mechanism of zeolite crystallization, and the synthesized zeolites may act as promising catalytic materials in several organic reactions.

9.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1180: 338888, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34538331

RESUMO

Agricultural products are frequently contaminated by mycotoxins; thus, the accurate detection of mycotoxins is important to food safety. Zearalenone (ZEN), a mycotoxin produced by certain Fusarium and Gibberella species, is a group III carcinogen. We developed a universal surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) aptasensor for the detection of ZEN. The SERS biosensor consists of two functional nanomaterials: sulfhydryl (SH)-ZEN aptamer complementary DNA-modified Fe3O4@Au was used as a capture probe and SH-ZEN aptamer-modified Au@Ag core-shell nanoparticles served as reporter probes. In the absence of ZEN, the highest Raman signal was obtained owing to the SERS effects of Fe3O4@Au and Au@Ag core-shell nanoparticles. Conversely, the addition of ZEN triggered the release of Au@Ag core-shell nanoparticles from Fe3O4@Au, leading to a decrease in SERS intensity after magnetic separation. Hybridization of the ZEN aptamer and its complementary strand generated a strong SERS signal from the reporter probe. Moreover, preferential binding of the ZEN aptamer to ZEN was observed. The signal intensity in SERS decreased linearly when the capture probes released the reporter. For ZEN detection, a linear range from 0.005 to 500 ng mL-1, with an R2 of 0.9981, was obtained. The detection limit was 0.001 ng mL-1. The SERS aptasensor showed excellent performance for analytical applications with real-world samples (beer and wine). This study presents a new model for the detection of mycotoxins based on simple changes in aptamers.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Zearalenona , Ouro , Limite de Detecção , Análise Espectral Raman , Zearalenona/análise
11.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 126198, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492962

RESUMO

Natural organic matter is a major source of precursors of hazardous chlorinated disinfection byproducts (Cl-DBPs) formed during water treatment, but the majority of Cl-DBPs are still unidentified. In this study, we used a self-written halogen extraction code to identify halogen isotopic patterns in combination with the R package MFAssignR, to identify Cl-DBPs from Orbitrap mass spectra. One hundred and eighty-nine Cl-DBPs were detected during chlorination of a Suwannee River natural organic matter solution, and the structures of 20 of these compounds are reported for the first time. Kendrick mass defect analysis and structural identification confirmed that chlorinated carboxylic acids are common and likely to form during chlorination. A toxicity prediction using quantitative structure-activity relationship models indicated that most of the chlorinated carboxylic acids may be highly toxic. Our analytical strategy can identify Cl-DBPs accurately from complex mixtures and may also be applicable to the identification of other halogenated disinfection byproducts formed during water treatment.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Desinfecção , Halogenação , Halogênios , Espectrometria de Massas , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
12.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 23(1): 250, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587995

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Patients with autoimmune diseases often present with olfactory impairment. The aim of the study was to assess the olfactory functions of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome and to correlate these findings with their disease activity. METHODS: Fifty-two patients with primary SS and 52 sex- and age-matched healthy control subjects were included. All of them underwent clinical and laboratory examination. Olfactory functions were evaluated using olfactory function assessment by computerized testing including the three stages of smell: threshold, identification, and memory of the different odors. RESULTS: All the olfactory scores (olfactory threshold, identification, and memory) in patients with pSS were significantly decreased than the control group (all P < 0.01). Patients had higher proportion of anosmia (13.5% vs 0%) and hyposmia (19.2% vs 11.5%) than controls (χ2 = 10.526, P < 0.01). Multivariable regression analysis revealed that ESSDAI and the symptoms of dryness, fatigue, and limb pain had negative influence on olfactory function (adjusted R2 = 0.381, 0.387, 0.513, and 0.614, respectively). ESSPRI showed significantly negative association with olfactory threshold, identification, memory, and total scores. Olfactory identification and memory scores were decreased in pSS patients with thyroid dysfunction or hypocomplementemia (P < 0.05). Smell threshold scores were decreased in pSS patients with anti-SSA antibody or anti-nuclear antibody compared with those without those autoantibodies (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that olfactory functions are impaired in pSS patients. There was a close correlation between olfactory dysfunction and disease severity and immunological abnormalities. Immune and systemic inflammation dysregulation might play a role in the mechanism of this defect.

13.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 40(1): 301, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cell invasion is a hallmark of metastatic cancer, leading to unfavorable clinical outcomes. In this study, we established two highly invasive lung cancer cell models (A549-i8 and H1299-i8) and identified mesoderm-specific transcript (MEST) as a novel invasive regulator of lung cancer. We aim to characterize its biological function and clinical significance in lung cancer metastasis. METHODS: Transwell invasion assay was performed to establish high-invasive lung cancer cell model. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to detect MEST expression in tumor tissues. Mass spectrometry and bioinformatic analyses were used to identify MEST-regulated proteins and binding partners. Co-immunoprecipitation assay was performed to detect the interaction of MEST and VCP. The biological functions of MEST were investigated in vitro and in vivo. Immunofluorescence staining was conducted to explore the colocalization of MEST and VCP. RESULTS: MEST overexpression promoted metastasis of lung cancer cells in vivo and in vitro by activating NF-κB signaling. MEST increased the interaction between VCP and IκBα, which accelerated IκBα degradation and NF-κB activation. Such acceleration was abrogated by VCP silencing, indicating that MEST is an upstream activator of the VCP/IκBα/NF-κB signaling pathway. Furthermore, high expressions of MEST and VCP were associated with poor survival of lung cancer patients. CONCLUSION: Collectively, these results demonstrate that MEST plays an important role in driving invasion and metastasis of lung cancer by interacting with VCP to coordinate the IκBα/NF-κB pathway. Targeting the MEST/VCP/IκBα/NF-κB signaling pathway may be a promising strategy to treat lung cancer.

14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18591, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545152

RESUMO

Environmental exposures interact with genetic factors has been thought to influence susceptibility of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) development. To evaluate the effects of environmental exposures on SLE, we conducted a population-based cohort study across Jiangsu Province, China, to examine the associations between the living environment including air and water pollution, population density, economic income level, etc. and the prevalence and mortality of hospitalized SLE (h-SLE) patients. A total of 2231 h-SLE patients were retrieved from a longitudinal SLE database collected by the Jiangsu Lupus Collaborative Group from 1999 to 2009. The results showed that: It existed regional differences on the prevalence of h-SLE patients in 96 administrative districts; The distribution of NO2 air concentration monitored by atmospheric remote sensors showed that three of the ultra-high-prevalence districts were located in the concentrated chemical industry emission area; h-SLE patient prevalence was positively correlated with the excessive levels of nitrogen in drinking water; The positive ratio of pericarditis and proteinuria was positively correlated with the prevalence of h-SLE patients and pollution not only induced a high h-SLE patient prevalence but also a higher mortality rate, which might be attributed to NOx pollution in the air and drinking water. In summary, our data suggested that NOx in air and drinking water may be one of the important predispositions of SLE, especially for patients with renal involvement.

15.
Phys Rev E ; 104(2-1): 024212, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525534

RESUMO

The stability and superfluidity of the Bose-Einstein condensate in two-leg ladder with magnetic field are studied. The dispersion relation and the phase diagram of the system are obtained. Three phases are revealed: the Meissner phase, the biased ladder (BL) phase, and the vortex phase. The dispersion relation and phase transition of the system strongly depend on the magnitude of atomic interaction strength, the rung-to-leg coupling ratio and the magnetic flux. Particularly, the change of the energy band structure in the phase transition region is modified significantly by the atomic interaction strength. Furthermore, based on the Bogoliubov theory, the energetic and dynamical stability of the system are invested. The stability phase diagram in the full parameter space is presented, and the dependence of superfluidity on the dispersion relation is illustrated explicitly. The atomic interaction strength can produce dynamical instability in the energetic unstable region and can expand the superfluid region. The results show that the stability of the system can be controlled by the atomic interaction strength, the rung-to-leg coupling ratio and the magnetic flux. In addition, the excitation spectrums in the Meissner phase, BL phase and vortex phase are further studied. The modulation of the excitation spectrum and the energetic stability of the system by the atomic interaction strength, the rung-to-leg coupling ratio and magnetic flux is discussed. Finally, through the numerical simulation, the dynamical instability of the system is verified by the time evolution of the Bloch wave and rung current. This provides a theoretical basis for controlling the superfluidity of the system.

16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 2900-2911, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467680

RESUMO

Paridis Rhizoma(PR) is prepared from the dried rhizome of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis(PPY) or P. polyphylla var. chinensis(PPC) in Liliaceae family. The rapid development of PPY or PPC planting industry resulted from resource shortage has caused the waste of a large number of non-medicinal resources. To clarify the chemical compositions in rhizomes, fibrous roots, stems, leaves, seeds and pericarps of PPC, and explore the comprehensive application value and development prospect of these parts, the qualitative and quantitative analyses on the different parts of PPC were carried out by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) and high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). A total of 136 compounds were identified, including 112 steroidal saponins, 6 flavonoids, 11 nitrogen-containing compounds and 7 phytosterols. Rhizomes, fibrous roots, and seeds mainly contained protopennogenyl glycosides and pennogenyl glycosides; leaves and stems mainly contained protodiosgenyl glycosides and diosgenyl glycosides; pericarps mainly contained pennogenyl glycosides, followed by diosgenyl glycosides. The total level of four saponins was the highest in fibrous roots and rhizomes, followed by those in the pericarps and arillate seeds, and the lowest in the stems and exarillate seeds. This study can provide data support for the comprehensive development and rational application of non-medicinal parts of PPC.


Assuntos
Liliaceae , Melanthiaceae , Saponinas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Rizoma , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4023-4033, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467711

RESUMO

Paris polyphylla var. chinensis(PPC) is used as one of the origin plants of Paridis Rhizoma described in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition). Its resources shortage makes the planting scale gradually expand, and plenty of aerial parts are abandoned because of not being effectively used. On the basis of previous research, this study separated steroidal saponins to further clarify the chemical composition of the aerial parts of PPC. As a result, three pairs of 25R or 25S epimers of furostanol saponins were obtained by various column chromatography techniques. Their structures were identified as neosolanigroside Y6(1), solanigroside Y6(2), neoprotogracillin(3), protogracillin(4), neoprotodioscin(5) and protodioscin(6) by spectral data combining with chemical transformation. Compound 1 is a new compound, and compounds 2, 3 and 5 are isolated from Paris plants for the first time. Compounds 4 and 6 are isolated from this plant for the first time. Previously, only several spirostanol glycosides with 25S configuration were isolated from Paris plants. Guided by mass spectrometry, the present study isolated the furostanol saponins with 25S configuration from this genus for the first time, which further enriches the chemical information of Paris genus and provides a reference for the isolation of similar compounds.


Assuntos
Liliaceae , Melanthiaceae , Saponinas , Extratos Vegetais , Rizoma
18.
Chin J Physiol ; 64(4): 177-185, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472448

RESUMO

Heart rate variability (HRV) and cardiorespiratory phase synchronization (CRPS) were employed to study the cardio- and respiratory interactions in patients with asthma receiving inhalation of beta2-agonist (Berotec 200 mcg) for routine bronchodilator test. Both time- and frequency-domain parameters were used to analyze the HRV. A weighted G-index was introduced to study the quality of the CRPS. The HRV parameters, in both the time and frequency domains, exhibited significant changes pointing to a sympathetic activation of the autonomic balance immediately after the inhalation. On the other hand, the CRPS index barely changed throughout the entire process. This indicates that inhalation of beta2-agonist does not alter the CRPS appreciably, and that the CRPS, in contrast to HRV, is relatively stable in response to the inhalation of beta2-agonist in patients with asthma.


Assuntos
Asma , Broncodilatadores , Asma/diagnóstico , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo , Broncodilatadores/farmacologia , Broncodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Coração , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos
20.
Clin Chim Acta ; 522: 77-82, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34411556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1α) is implicated in the cell's response to hypoxia. We investigated whether serum HIF-1α concentrations are correlated with the severity and clinical outcome of severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI). METHODS: Serum HIF-1α concentrations were quantified in 104 sTBI patients and 80 healthy controls. Trauma severity was assessed using Glasgow coma scale (GCS). Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) score of 1-3 at post-trauma 90 days was defined as a poor outcome. Multivariate analyses were performed to discern the relationship between serum HIF-1α concentrations and outcome. RESULTS: Patients displayed significantly higher serum HIF-1α concentrations than controls (median, 294.9 versus 102.7 pg/ml). HIF-1α concentrations were intimately related to GCS scores (r = -0.62) and GOS scores (r = -0.64). 48 patients (46.2%) experienced a poor outcome. Serum HIF-1α concentrations > 280.2 pg/ml significantly distinguished patients with the development of poor outcome with 77.1% sensitivity and 69.6% specificity (AUC, 0.750; 95% CI: 0.655-0.829). Serum HIF-1α concentrations > 280.2 pg/ml emerged as an independent predictor for poor outcome (OR: 4.179; 95% CI: 1.024-17.052). CONCLUSIONS: Serum HIF-1α concentrations are tightly associated with trauma severity and poor 90-day outcome, substantializing serum HIF-1α as a promising prognostic biomarker for sTBI.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/diagnóstico , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Hipóxia , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia , Prognóstico
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...