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1.
Cancer Med ; 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32168429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ROS1 gene fusion represents a specific subtype of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Crizotinib is recommended for ROS1-positive NSCLC due to its favorable outcome in published clinical trials. However, due to the low incidence of ROS1-positive NSCLC, there is limited information on real-world clinical outcomes in patients treated with either crizotinib or platinum-based doublet chemotherapy. METHODS: Outcomes were recorded in 102 patients with stage Ⅲb or Ⅳ NSCLC who were treated at four Chinese hospitals between April, 2010 and June, 2019. RESULTS: Of the 102 patients followed, 71.6% were females, 81.4% were non-smokers, and 98.0% had adenocarcinoma. First-line treatment with crizotinib achieved a significantly longer median progression-free survival (PFS) compared with platinum-based chemotherapy (14.9 months vs 8.5 months, respectively; P < .001). Next-generation sequencing (NGS) identified 61 patients who had ROS1 fusion variants, including CD74 (n = 33) and non-CD74 (n = 28) variants. In patients harboring CD74 fusion variants, the median PFS with first-line crizotinib treatment was significantly longer than in those harboring non-CD74 fusion variants (20.1 months vs 12.0 months, respectively; P = .046). However, in patients treated with platinum-based chemotherapy, there was no significant difference in PFS between the CD74 and non-CD74 variant groups (8.6 months vs 4.3 months, respectively; P = .115). Overall survival (OS) was not reached. CONCLUSIONS: First-line therapy with crizotinib is more beneficial than platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with advanced NSCLC with different ROS1 fusion variants. Patients harboring CD74 fusion variants appear to respond better to crizotinib.

2.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129367

RESUMO

Unveiling the reaction mechanism is significant for developing high-performance catalysts. In this paper, a series of precisely controlled PdxM147-x (M = Cu, Pt, Au, Rh, Ru) dendrimer encapsulated nanoparticles (DENs) has been successfully synthesized. The mechanisms of PdxM147-x as catalysts for Suzuki cross-coupling reactions were investigated by combining experimental and theoretical methods. The experimental results indicate that Pd74Cu73 DEN shows similar activity to Pd147 DEN and excellent substrate adaptability under mild reaction conditions. Moreover, the Cu component can play an important role in tuning the catalytic activity of PdxCu147-x DEN. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations illustrate that the similar activities of the Pd147 and Pd74Cu73 DENs originate from the comparable energy barriers of the rate-determining steps. The partial density of states (PDOS) and electron density differences demonstrate that Cu decreases the intensities of the valence orbitals of the top and edge Pd atoms and weakens orbital interactions between the intermediates and Pd74Cu73 DEN, leading to low desorption energies of the products. This work can provide a promising strategy to reduce the cost of Pd catalysts in Suzuki cross-coupling reactions.

3.
Can Assoc Radiol J ; : 846537120913033, 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129670

RESUMO

Since the beginning of 2020, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread throughout China. This study explains the findings from lung computed tomography images of some patients with COVID-19 treated in this medical institution and discusses the difference between COVID-19 and other lung diseases.

4.
Molecules ; 25(7)2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32218351

RESUMO

Lactoferrin (Lf) is a conserved iron-binding glycoprotein with antimicrobial activity, which is present in secretions that recover mucosal sites regarded as portals of invaded pathogens. Although numerous studies have focused on exogenous Lf, little is known about its expression of endogenous Lf upon bacterial infection. In this study, we investigated the distribution of Lf in mice intestine during Escherichia coli (E. coli) K88 infection. PCR and immunohistology staining showed that mRNA levels of Lf significantly increased in duodenum, ileum and colon, but extremely decreased in jejunum at 8 h and 24 h after infection. Meanwhile, endogenous Lf was mostly located in the lamina propria of intestine villi, while Lf receptor (LfR) was in the crypts. It suggested that endogenous Lf-LfR interaction might not be implicated in the antibacterial process. In addition, it was interesting to find that the infiltration of neutrophils into intestine tissues was changed similarly to Lf expression. It indicated that the variations of Lf expression were rather due to an equilibrium between the recruitment of neutrophils and degranulation of activated neutrophils. Thus, this new knowledge will pave the way to a more effective understanding of the role of Lf in intestinal mucosal immunity.

6.
Carbohydr Polym ; 235: 115904, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32122473

RESUMO

In vitro digestive conditions were simulated to investigate the digestibility of polysaccharides prepared from squash (SPS). A small amount of free glucose monosaccharide was released after salivary and intestinal digestion due to the breakdown of α-(1 → 4)-glucose linkages and may form SPS or a starch impurity. At the same time, there was no obvious change in molecular weight distribution and reducing sugar content throughout this digestion period, demonstrating that the main structure of SPS was relatively stable under the simulated digestive conditions. Thus, most SPS can be transported intact to the large intestine. In addition, SPS alleviated type 2 diabetes (T2D) in rats. Moreover, the content of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in the colon significantly increased after treatment with SPS. The present research provides insight into the non-digestibility of SPS, and suggests its utility to alleviate T2D by promoting the production of SCFA in the colon.

7.
Pflugers Arch ; 472(3): 343-354, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32086614

RESUMO

Our previous study showed that the adipose afferent reflex (AAR) induced by chemical stimulation of white adipose tissue (WAT) increased sympathetic outflow and blood pressure. We also found that pro-inflammatory cytokines (PICs) in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) potentiate the cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex in rats. However, the role of PICs in the PVN in regulating the AAR is still not clear. This study determined whether PICs in the PVN mediate the AAR in rats. The AAR was evaluated based on renal sympathetic nerve activity and mean arterial blood pressure in response to capsaicin injection into inguinal WAT (iWAT). PIC levels were measured by ELISA. PVN microinjection with the PICs tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α or interleukin (IL)-1ß enhanced the AAR in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, pretreatment via the bilateral microinjection of the TNF-α-blocker etanercept or IL-1ß blocker IL-1ra into the PVN attenuated the AAR. In rats pretreated with TNF-α or IL-1ß, a sub-response dose of angiotensin II (Ang II) significantly enhanced the AAR. Moreover, delivery of the angiotensin II type 1(AT1) receptor antagonist losartan into the PVN attenuated the effects of TNF-α or IL-1ß on the AAR. In addition, stimulating either iWAT or retroperitoneal WAT with capsaicin increased TNF-α or IL-1ß levels in the PVN, but the injection of capsaicin into the jugular vein, skeletal muscle, and skin had no effects on TNF-α or IL-1ß levels in the PVN. These results suggest that TNF-α or IL-1ß and Ang II in the PVN synergistically enhance the AAR in rats.

8.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 205-208, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034756

RESUMO

With an estimated incidence of 1/40 000 to 1/4000, Gitelman syndrome is the most common type of inherited renal tubular disease during adolescence or adulthood. Characteristic features of Gitelman syndrome include transient episodes of muscle cramps and fatigue, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hypocalciuria, and metabolic alkalosis. Detection of SLC12A3 mutations, in conjunct with clinical manifestations, may confirm the diagnosis. Recent research suggested that CLCNKB may also be a candidate gene for Gitelman syndrome. Research on genotype-phenotype correlation has provided more information on the genetic etiology of Gitelman syndrome, which may facilitate the diagnosis and treatment for this syndrome and improve their prognosis.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Gitelman , Pesquisa em Genética , Humanos , Hipopotassemia , Mutação , Membro 3 da Família 12 de Carreador de Soluto
9.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32060099

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Our primary purpose is to explore safety and efficacy of high-dose icotinib in comparison with routine-dose icotinib in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harboring 21-L858R mutation. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Treatment-naïve, EGFR-mutant (21-L858R or exon 19 deletion at 2:1) NSCLC patients were enrolled. Patients with 21-L858R mutation were randomized to receive routine-dose icotinib (125mg, thrice daily; L858R-RD) or high-dose icotinib (250mg, thrice daily; L858R-HD) , whereas patients with exon 19 deletion received only routine-dose icotinib (19-Del-RD) until progression, death, or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was median progression-free survival (mPFS), assessed by an independent review committee (IRC). RESULTS: From May, 2015 to November, 2017, 253 patients (86 in L858R-RD; 90 in L858R-HD; 77 in 19-Del-RD) were enrolled. The mPFS in L858R-HD group was similar to that in 19-Del-RD group (12.9 months and 12.5 months, respectively), and was significantly longer than that in L858R-RD group (12.9 months vs. 9.2 months, hazard ratio [HR]: 0.75; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.53 to 1.05). A longer but statistically non-significant mPFS was observed between 19-Del-RD and L858R-RD groups (12.5 months vs. 9.2 months, HR: 0.80; 95% CI: 0.57 to 1.13). A higher objective response rate (ORR) was observed in L858R-HD group compared to L858R-RD group (73% vs. 48%), also between 19-Del-RD and L858R-RD groups (75% vs. 48%). Similar incidences of grade 3/4 toxicities were observed among the three treatment groups. CONCLUSIONS: High-dose icotinib improved mPFS and ORR in NSCLC patients harboring 21-L858R mutation with acceptable tolerability, which could be a new therapeutic option for this patient population.

10.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 150: 814-822, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035963

RESUMO

As ubiquitous environmental pollutants, phenolic compounds are requested to be efficiently removed from wastewater. Enzymes, such as Horseradish peroxidase (HRP), have been demonstrated with great potential in removing phenolic compounds. Different from the general immobilization technology, the encapsulation of individual enzymes within nanogel has been employed in this work. Here we show that, the encapsulated HRP could remarkably enhance enzymatic performance, including thermostability, catalytic efficiency, environmental tolerance and, most importantly, the biodegradation of phenolic compounds. For instance, the removal efficiencies of phenol and BPA increased by 7-fold and 3.5-fold, respectively. On the other hand, the diverted removal efficiencies were obtained for a series of phenolic compounds. Based on molecular modelling, the biodegradabilities of phenolic compounds were rationalized according to their redox potentials and binding affinities with enzymes. In summary, our work indicates that the nanocapsulation of enzyme should be a promising strategy in removing different types of phenolic compounds from wastewater.

11.
J Diabetes Investig ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020731

RESUMO

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: This secondary analysis of the 24-week SMART study examined the efficacy of add-on saxagliptin or acarbose to metformin across different patient subgroups with type 2 diabetes mellitus, based on baseline characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized patients (n = 481) were classified into subgroups based on their baseline age (<65, ≥65 years), body mass index (BMI; <24, 24-<28, ≥28 kg/m2 ), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c; <8%, 8-<9%, 9-<10%, ≥10%) and renal function (creatinine clearance 50-<80, ≥80 mL/min). Treatment effects on primary outcome (HbA1c) and key secondary outcomes of fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2-h postprandial glucose and homeostatic model assessment of ß-cell function were assessed across patient subgroups. RESULTS: For saxagliptin, reductions in HbA1c from baseline to week 24 were consistent across different subgroups regardless of baseline age, body mass index, HbA1c and renal function (range -0.66 to -1.16%). Saxagliptin was associated with consistent reductions in FPG (-0.60 to -1.33 mmol/L) and 2-h postprandial glucose (-0.48 to -1.95 mmol/L) across the majority of subgroups studied. The efficacy of acarbose on FPG attenuated progressively with increasing baseline HbA1c (+0.86 to -1.43 mmol/L); an increase from baseline FPG was observed in patients with HbA1c >9%. The effect of acarbose on postprandial glucose was also variable (+0.23 to -3.38 mmol/L). CONCLUSIONS: As add-on to metformin, both saxagliptin and acarbose reduced HbA1c regardless of baseline HbA1c, age, body mass index and renal function; however, only saxagliptin was effective at a stable glycemic control (FPG and PPG). The efficacy of acarbose on FPG and PPG was significantly attenuated in patients with higher baseline HbA1c (≥8%).

12.
Leukemia ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080345

RESUMO

We aimed to establish a discriminative gene-expression-based classifier to predict survival outcomes of T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) patients. After exploring global gene-expression profiles of progressive (n = 22) vs. progression-free (n = 28) T-LBL patients, 43 differentially expressed mRNAs were identified. Then an eleven-gene-based classifier was established using LASSO Cox regression based on NanoString quantification. In the training cohort (n = 169), high-risk patients stratified using the classifier had significantly lower progression-free survival (PFS: hazards ratio 4.123, 95% CI 2.565-6.628; p < 0.001), disease-free survival (DFS: HR 3.148, 95% CI 1.857-5.339; p < 0.001), and overall survival (OS: HR 3.790, 95% CI 2.237-6.423; p < 0.001) compared with low-risk patients. The prognostic accuracy of the classifier was validated in the internal testing (n = 84) and independent validation cohorts (n = 360). A prognostic nomogram consisting of five independent variables including the classifier, lactate dehydrogenase levels, ECOG-PS, central nervous system involvement, and NOTCH1/FBXW7 status showed significantly greater prognostic accuracy than each single variable alone. The addition of a five-miRNA-based signature further enhanced the accuracy of this nomogram. Furthermore, patients with a nomogram score ≥154.2 significantly benefited from the BFM protocol. In conclusion, our nomogram comprising the 11-gene-based classifier may make contributions to individual prognosis prediction and treatment decision-making.

13.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(2): 164-170, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051085

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical features and follow-up results of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) between boys and girls. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 79 children (18 boys and 61 girls), aged ≤14 years, who were diagnosed with SLE from 2008 to 2018. The boys and the girls were compared in terms of initial and major clinical symptoms, injury of organs/systems, related laboratory markers, and follow-up results. RESULTS: As for the initial and non-initial symptoms, fever had the highest incidence rate in the boys, while facial erythema had the highest incidence rate in the girls. The boys tended to develop renal injury and hematological damage (P<0.05), with a significantly higher incidence rate of proteinuria than the girls (P<0.05), while the girls tended to develop joint pain (P<0.05). There were high abnormal rates (>80%) of anti-nuclear antibody, dsDNA, complement C3, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate in both boys and girls (P>0.05). The boys had a significantly higher disease activity than the girls at the first visit and in year 9 of follow-up (P<0.05). A one-month to ten-year follow-up showed that among the boys, 3 were lost to follow-up, 1 died, 7 were well controlled but required oral administration of large doses of hormones or immunosuppression, 2 progressed to chronic renal failure, and 1 developed lupus encephalopathy. Among the girls, 3 were lost to follow-up; 5 died; 34 were well controlled, among whom 5 were maintained on oral prednisone acetate with a dose of <10 mg, 1 was withdrawn from the drug for 1 year, and 2 were withdrawn from the drug for 2 years; 4 developed lupus encephalopathy; 1 developed depression and anxiety and had suicidal tendency in the 7th year after disease onset; 2 experienced impaired vision, blurred vision, and chloropsia; 1 developed a vascular necrosis of both femoral heads in the 3rd year of hormone administration. CONCLUSIONS: There are differences in clinical features, several laboratory markers, and prognosis between boys and girls with SLE. Boys tend to have a high severity at disease onset, develop renal injury and hematological damage, and have poor long-term prognosis, while girls tend to have joint involvement.


Assuntos
Falência Renal Crônica , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Proteinúria , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Oncogene ; 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071398

RESUMO

Liver hepatocellular carcinoma (LIHC) is the second leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Although cancer driver genes identified so far have been considered to be saturated or nearly saturated, challenges remain in discovering novel genes underlying carcinogenesis due to significant tumor heterogeneity. Here, in a small cohort of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated LIHC, we investigated the transcriptional patterns of tumor-mutated alleles using both whole-exome and RNA sequencing data. A graph clustering of the transcribed tumor-mutated alleles characterized overlapped functional clusters, and thus prioritized potentially novel oncogenes. We validated the function of the potentially novel oncogenes in vitro and in vivo. We showed that a component of the retromer complex-the vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 35 (VPS35)-promoted the proliferation of hepatoma cell through the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. In VPS35-knockout hepatoma cells, a significantly reduced distribution of membrane fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) demonstrated the effects of VPS35 on sorting and trafficking of transmembrane receptor. This study provides insight into the roles of the retromer complex on carcinogenesis and has important implications for the development of personalized therapeutic strategies for LIHC.

15.
Acad Radiol ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31983532

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The World Health Organization 2016 classification of central nervous system tumors added the molecular classification of gliomas and has guiding significance for the operation and prognosis of glioma patients. At present, the perfusion technique plays an important role in judging the malignant degree of glioma. To evaluate the performance of dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC)- and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) histogram analyses in discriminating the states of molecular biomarkers and survival in glioma patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-three glioma patients who underwent DCE- and DSC-MRI were enrolled. Relevant molecular test results, including those on isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH), O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) and telomere reverse transcriptase (TERT), were collected. The mean relative cerebral blood volume of DSC-MRI and histogram parameters derived from DCE-MRI (volume transfer coefficient (Ktrans), fractional volume of the extravascular extracellular space (Ve), fractional blood plasma volume (Vp), rate constant between the extravascular extracellular space and blood plasma (Kep) and area under the curve (AUC)) were calculated. Differences in each parameter between gliomas with different expression states (IDH, MGMT, and TERT) were evaluated. The diagnostic efficiency of each parameter was analyzed. The overall survival of all patients was assessed. RESULTS: The 10th percentile AUC (AUC = 0.830, sensitivity = 0.78, specificity = 0.80), the 90th percentile Ve (AUC = 0.816, sensitivity = 0.84, specificity = 0.79), and the mean Kep (AUC = 0.818, sensitivity = 0.76, specificity = 0.78) provided the highest differential efficiency for IDH, MGMT, and TERT, respectively. Kaplan-Meier curves showed a significant difference between subjects with a 10th percentile AUC higher or lower than 0.028 (log-rank = 7.535; p = 0.006) for IDH and between subjects with different 90th percentile Ve values (log-rank = 6.532; p = 0.011) for MGMT. CONCLUSION: Histogram DCE-MRI demonstrates good diagnostic performance in identifying different molecular types and for the prognostic assessment of glioma.

16.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; 13(1): e006031, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903770

RESUMO

Background Guidelines recommend against the use of intravenous tPA (tissue-type plasminogen activator; IV tPA) in acute ischemic stroke patients with prior ischemic stroke within 3 months. However, there are limited data on the safety of IV tPA in this population. Methods and Results A retrospective observational study of patients ≥66 years of age linked to Medicare claims and treated with IV tPA at Get With The Guidelines-Stroke hospitals (February 2009 to December 2015). We identified 293 patients treated with IV tPA who had a prior ischemic stroke within 3 months and 30 655 with no history of stroke. Patients with prior stroke had a higher stroke severity (median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, 11 [6-19] versus 11 [6-18]; absolute standardized difference, 11.2%) and a higher prevalence of cardiovascular comorbidities. Patients with prior stroke had a higher unadjusted risk for symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (7.7% versus 4.8%) and in-hospital mortality (12.6% versus 8.9%), but these differences were not statistically significant after adjustment. When stratified by prespecified time epochs, the elevated risk for symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage was seen only within the first 14 days (16.3% versus 4.8%; adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 3.7 [95% CI, 1.62-8.43]) but not in other epochs (2.1% versus 4.8%; aOR, 0.38 [95% CI, 0.05-2.79] for 15-30 days and 7.4% versus 4.8%; aOR, 1.36 [95% CI, 0.77-2.40] for 31-90 days). In addition, patients with prior stroke were significantly more likely to have a combined outcome of in-hospital mortality or discharge to hospice (25.9% versus 17.0%; aOR, 1.70 [95% CI, 1.21-2.38]), less likely to be discharged to home (28.3% versus 32.3%; aOR, 0.72 [95% CI, 0.54-0.98]), or to have good functional outcomes at discharge (modified Rankin Scale, 0-1; 11.3% versus 20.0%; aOR, 0.46 [95% CI, 0.24-0.89]). Conclusions Stroke providers need to continue to be vigilant about the safety of IV tPA in patients with prior stroke, particularly those with an event in the previous 14 days.

17.
Biomater Sci ; 8(1): 224-231, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674627

RESUMO

Hydrogen polysulfides (H2Sn, n > 1) belong to sulfane sulfur in the reactive sulfur species (RSS) family and play significant roles in maintaining biological homeostasis in organisms. The detection of H2Sn in living systems is essential, but further understanding of its "intact" function in living cells has been limited, owing to the lack of appropriate analytical tools. In this work, a new fluorescent probe PP-PS was designed for the detection of endogenous H2Sn. The probe has a large Stokes shift (178 nm), low detection limit (1 nM), and short response time (1 minute). Besides, PP-PS was successfully applied in the imaging of endogenous H2Sn in lysosomes of living cancer cells, xenograft mouse tumor tissues, and LPS-induced mouse inflammation tissues. These results revealed that the probe PP-PS could act as a new fluorescence imaging tool to study the function of intracellular hydropolysulfides.

18.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(1): 143-151, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535159

RESUMO

A gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped, non-motile bacterium strain R4HLG17T was isolated from Tamarix ramosissima roots growing in Kumtag desert. The strain grew at salinities of 0-16% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 5-6%), pH 5-9 (optimum 7) and at 16-45 °C. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, strain R4HLG17T belonged to the family Halomonadaceae and was most closely related to Halomonas lutea DSM 23508T(95.1%), followed by Halotalea alkalilenta AW-7T(94.8%), Salinicola acroporae S4-41T(94.8%), Salinicola halophilus CG4.1T(94.6%), and Larsenimonas salina M1-18T(94.4%). Multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) based on the partial sequences of 16S rRNA, atpA, gyrB, rpoD, and secA genes indicated that the strain R4HLG17T formed an independent and monophyletic branch related to other genera of Halomonadaceae, supporting its placement as a new genus in this family. The draft genome of strain R4HLG17T was 3.6 Mb with a total G + C content of 55.1%. The average nucleotide identity to Halomonas lutea DSM 23508T was 83.5%. Q-9 was detected as the major respiratory quinone and summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c/C18:1ω6c), summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c/C16:1ω6c), and C16:0 as predominant cellular fatty acids. On the basis of chemotaxonomic, phylogenetic, and phenotypic evidence, strain R4HLG17T is concluded to represent a novel species of a new genus within Halomonadaceae, for which the name Phytohalomonas tamaricis gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is R4HLG17T (=ACCC 19929T=KCTC 52415T).


Assuntos
Halomonadaceae/classificação , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Tamaricaceae/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Clima Desértico , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Halomonadaceae/química , Halomonadaceae/genética , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Especificidade da Espécie
19.
J Mol Diagn ; 22(2): 208-219, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751678

RESUMO

Myeloid neoplasms are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms including acute myeloid leukemia (AML), myeloproliferative neoplasms, myelodysplastic syndrome, and myeloproliferative neoplasms/myelodysplastic syndrome. Genetic abnormalities are used as diagnostic, prognostic, and predictive biomarkers in patients with these diseases. Herein, we describe the clinical validation of the Oncomine Myeloid Research (OMR) next-generation sequencing panel that interrogates for 40 genes and 29 fusion genes commonly seen in myeloid neoplasms. Our validation set of 77 DNA samples included acute and chronic myeloid neoplasms, with 91 single-nucleotide variants and small insertions/deletions. The 71 RNA samples from patients with AML included most of the AML-defining translocations. The OMR on the Ion Torrent S5 platform shows good performance in terms of depth of coverage, on-target reads, and uniformity. The panel achieved 91.3% and 100% concordance with reference DNA and RNA samples, respectively, with a clinical sensitivity and specificity of 96.7% and 100% for DNA and 99.8% and 100% for RNA, respectively. Precision and reproducibility were 100%, and the lower limit of detection was generally 5% variant allele fraction for DNA and 2-log reduction from initial value for RNA fusion genes. In conclusion, the OMR panel is a highly accurate and reproducible next-generation sequencing panel for the detection of common genetic alterations in myeloid neoplasms.

20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 142: 615-623, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622714

RESUMO

This study tested the potential of forming soluble complex with pectin (PEC) on enhancing physical stability of water-soluble myofibrillar protein (WSMP) near the isoelectric point (pI, pH 5.00-5.50). After incorporation of PEC at the mixing ratio of 10:1 and 5:1, WSMP suspension maintained transparent state at 0.05 wt% while a homogeneous monophase at 1.00 wt% around pI, indicating the formation of soluble WSMP-PEC complex. When mixing the two biopolymers, charge neutralization was observed, revealing the electrostatic attraction between positively charged patches of WSMP and negatively charged carboxyl sites of PEC. Steady shear results showed a reduced viscosity of WSMP-PEC complex when dropping the pH to 5.00, this may be related to the declined biopolymer net charge and water trapping. Oscillatory data suggest the formation of highly-interconnected network in soluble WSMP-PEC complex, thus decreasing pH or biopolymer ratio can enhance their interactions and thereby lead to stronger and more stable microstructure. Thermal denaturation temperature of WSMP was significantly enhanced through the formation of WSMP-PEC soluble complexes. Overall, complexation with PEC improved the colloidal and thermal stability of WSMP around the pI, which evidenced the potential of applying tailor designed protein-polysaccharide complex in formulating muscle protein-based beverages.

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