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1.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-12, 2021 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34878965

RESUMO

The main biological function of the tumor suppressor p53 is to control cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Among the p53 target genes, p21 has been identified as a key player in p53-mediated G1 arrest, while Killin, via its high DNA binding affinity, has been implicated in S and G2/M arrest. However, whether Killin is involved in G1 arrest remains unclear. This research aimed to explore the role of Killin in p53-mediated G1 arrest. Knockout of killin in human colorectal cells led to a dramatic decrease in p53-mediated G1 arrest upon DNA damage. Moreover, double knockout of killin and p21 completely abolished G1 arrest, similar to that of p53 knockout cells. We further showed that Killin could upregulate p21 protein expression independent of p53 via ubiquitination pathways. Immunoprecipitation studies indicated that Killin may directly bind to proteasome subunits, thereby disrupting proteasomal degradation of p21. Together, these results demonstrate that Killin is involved in multiple cell cycle checkpoint controls, including p53-mediated G1 arrest.

2.
Biomed Opt Express ; 12(11): 7024-7032, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34858696

RESUMO

Beam shaping techniques have been widely used in holographic optical tweezers to accurately manipulate tiny particles and hologram optimization algorithms have also been widely reported to improve the optical trapping performance. In this paper, we presented a beam shaping laser induced forward transfer (BS-LIFT) technique to isolate complex-shaped cells. To do this, we built up a BS-LIFT instrument which combined beam shaping methods and laser induced forward transfer using liquid-crystal-on-silicon spatial light modulator. The laser beam was modulated into multiple desired points at the focal plane employing the Gerchberg-Saxton (GS) algorithm. Feasibility was verified through transferring various samples. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of BS-LIFT applied to the transfer complex-shaped cells. We successfully transferred cells whose size ranged from 1 µm to 100 µm. Our design will provide a novel approach for the application of this beam shaping technique and the isolation of single cells with variable shapes.

3.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 761601, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34901076

RESUMO

Persons with mental disorders (PwMDs) are a priority group for COVID-19 vaccination, but empirical data on PwMDs' vaccine uptake and attitudes toward COVID-19 vaccines are lacking. This study examined the uptake, acceptance, and hesitancy associated with COVID-19 vaccines among Chinese PwMDs during China's nationwide vaccine rollout. In total, 906 adult PwMDs were consecutively recruited from a large psychiatric hospital in Wuhan, China, and administered a self-report questionnaire, which comprised standardized questions regarding sociodemographics, COVID-19 vaccination status, attitudes toward COVID-19 vaccines, and psychopathology. Vaccine-recipients were additionally asked to report adverse events that occurred following vaccination. PwMDs had a much lower rate of vaccination than Wuhan residents (10.8 vs. 40.0%). The rates of vaccine acceptance and hesitancy were 58.1 and 31.1%, respectively. Factors associated with vaccine uptake included having other mental disorders [odds ratio (OR) = 3.63], believing that ≥50% of vaccine-recipients would be immune to COVID-19 (OR = 3.27), being not worried about the side effects (OR = 2.59), and being an outpatient (OR = 2.24). Factors associated with vaccine acceptance included perceiving a good preventive effect of vaccines (OR = 12.92), believing that vaccines are safe (OR = 4.08), believing that ≥50% of vaccine-recipients would be immune to COVID-19 (OR = 2.20), and good insight into the mental illness (OR = 1.71). Adverse events occurred in 21.4% of vaccine-recipients and exacerbated pre-existing psychiatric symptoms in 2.0% of vaccine-recipients. Nevertheless, 95.2% of vaccine-recipients rated adverse events as acceptable. Compared to the 58.1% vaccine acceptance rate and the 40.0% vaccination rate in the general population, the 10.8% vaccine coverage rate suggested a large unmet need for COVID-19 vaccination in Chinese PwMDs. Strategies to increase vaccination coverage among PwMDs may include provision of reliable sources of information on vaccines, health education to foster positive attitudes toward vaccines, a practical guideline to facilitate clinical decision-making for vaccination, and the involvement of psychiatrists in vaccine consultation and post-vaccination follow-up services.

4.
Front Nutr ; 8: 786571, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34938762

RESUMO

In this study, we explored the effect of Lactobacillus plantarum FZU3013-fermented Laminaria japonica (LPLJ) supplementation to prevent hyperlipidaemia in rats fed with a high-fat diet (HFD). The results indicate that LPLJ supplementation improved serum and hepatic biochemical indicators (p < 0.05), elevated short-chain fatty acid levels, reduced HFD-induced accumulation of lipid droplets in the liver, modulated the relative abundance of some microbial phylotypes, and reduced hyperlipidaemia in HFD-fed rats by adjusting the aminoacyl-tRNA, phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan biosynthetic pathways, as well as the phenylalanine, D-glutamine and D-glutamate, and glutathione metabolic pathways. Additionally, hepatic mRNA levels of the genes involved in lipid metabolism and bile acid homeostasis were significantly reduced by LPLJ intervention (p < 0.05). These results suggest that LPLJ has a positive effect on modulating lipid metabolism and has the potential to be a functional food that can help prevent hyperlipidaemia.

5.
Foods ; 10(11)2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34828903

RESUMO

Low-temperature storage is one of the most important preservation methods for aquatic product storage. However, the effects of low-temperature storage on the lipid profiles of shrimp are unclear. Herein, UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap/MS combined with LipidSearch software was applied to analyze the effect of three low storage temperatures (4 °C, -2 °C, and -18 °C) on the lipidomics of Litopenaeus vannamei. A total of 15 lipid classes were analyzed, and PC, PE, DG, and TG accounted for vast majority of peak areas. Furthermore, 531 individual lipid variables enriched in 12 metabolic pathways were identified via bioinformatics analysis methods. A total of 56 significantly different lipid molecular species (55 belonging to PC, PE, DG, and TG) were selected as potential biomarkers of lipid oxidation via correlational analysis between physical properties (texture and color) and individual lipid variables. The results indicated that the three low storage temperatures caused different effects on the lipidomics profile of L. vannamei, and PC, PE, DG, and TG could become potential focuses in further studies of lipid oxidation in L. vannamei.

6.
J Clin Neurophysiol ; 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817444

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Evaluate the value of bilateral final/baseline threshold level changes of lower cranial nerve MEPs in postoperative swallowing function deterioration prediction. METHODS: Bilateral lower cranial nerve motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) were recorded in 51 patients who underwent treatment for skull base and brainstem tumors. Corkscrew-like electrodes were positione 2 cm below C3/C4 and Cz. The MEPs were recorded from different muscle groups, including the posterior pharyngeal wall muscle, tongue muscle, genioglossus muscle, and cricothyroid muscle through paired needle electrodes. Swallowing function was assessed clinically using the Mann Assessment of Swallowing Ability score before and after the procedure at 7 days, 1 month, and 3 months. RESULTS: Bilateral final/baseline threshold level increases in lower cranial nerve MEPs under the dual monitoring were significantly correlated with postoperative swallowing function deterioration (r = 0.660 at 7 days, r = 0.735 at 1 month, and r = 0.717 at 3 months; p < 0.05). Bilateral final/baseline threshold level changes of more than 20% were recorded in 23 of the 51 patients, with 21 patients experiencing swallowing function deterioration postoperatively. The other 28 patients had bilateral threshold level changes of less than 20%, with 26 patients maintaining or improving their swallowing function, and 12 of those patients presented transient deterioration of swallowing function in the early postoperative period. CONCLUSIONS: Dual monitoring of lower cranial nerves and their different muscle groups MEPs was a safe and effective way to predict postoperative swallowing function. An increase in bilateral final/baseline threshold level change of more than 20% was predictive of permanent swallowing deterioration, especially in patients with poor swallowing function preoperatively.

7.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; : AEM0116521, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818099

RESUMO

Single cell isolation and cultivation play an important role in studying physiology, gene expression and functions of microorganisms. A series of single-cell isolation technologies have been developed, among which single-cell ejection technology is one of the most promising. Single cell ejection technology has applied Laser Induced Forward Transfer Technique (LIFT) to isolate bacteria but the viability (or recovery rate) of cells after sorting has not been clarified in the current research progress. In this work, to keep the cells alive as much as possible, we propose a three-layer LIFT system (top layer: 25-nm aluminum film; second layer: 3 µm agar media; third layer: liquid containing bacterial) for the isolation and cultivation of single Gram-negative (E. coli), Gram-positive (Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, LGG), and eukaryotic microorganisms (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). The experiment results showed that the average survival rates for ejected pure single cells were 63% for Saccharomyces cerevisiae, 22% for E. coli DH5α, and 74% for LGG. In addition, we successfully isolated and cultured the GFP expressing E. coli JM109 from the mixture containing complex communities of soil bacteria by fluorescence signal. The average survival rate of E. coli JM109 was demonstrated to be 25.3%. In this study, the isolated and cultured single colonies were further confirmed by colony PCR and sequencing. Such precise sorting and cultivation technique of live single microbial cells could be coupled with other microscopic approaches to isolate single microorganisms with specific functions, revealing their roles in the natural community. Importance We developed a laser induced forward transfer (LIFT) technology to accurately isolate single live microbial cells. The cultivation recovery rates of the ejected single cells were 63% for Saccharomyces cerevisiae, 22% for E. coli DH5α, and 74% for Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG). Coupled LIFT with fluorescent microscope, we demonstrated that single cells of GFP expressing E. coli JM109 were sorted according to fluorescence signal from a complex community of soil bacteria, and subsequently cultured with 25% cultivation recovery rate. This single cell live sorting technology could isolate single microbes with specific functions, revealing their roles in the natural community.

8.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 751807, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34796187

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical utility of a Chinese scoring system for hepatitis B liver failure in a prospective and multicenter study. Methods: Clinical data for 1,143 patients with hepatitis B liver failure who had been followed up for a minimum of 6 months were collected from seven liver disease centers across China. The disease severity and prognosis for the patients were predicted using the Chinese scoring system and compared to those predicted with the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score, MELD-Na score, and Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) score. Results: The Chinese scoring system was more effective at predicting the outcomes of survival and mortality than the MELD score. In the peak disease stage, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the Chinese scoring system was 0.954, significantly higher than that (0.896) for the MELD scoring system (P < 0.001). The positive prediction at 30, 90, and 180 days with the Chinese scoring system was 0.764 (95% CI: 0.714-0.808), 0.731 (95% CI: 0.694-0.769), and 0.724 (95% CI: 0.679-0.765), also significantly higher than that with the MELD, MELD-Na, and CTP scores (P < 0.001). In addition, the Chinese scoring system was superior to the MELD, MELD-Na, and CTP scores (P < 0.001) at predicting the prognosis of patients with hepatitis B liver failure at both 30 and 180 days. Conclusion: The Chinese scoring system demonstrated superior performance to the three established scoring systems in assessing the severity and outcomes of hepatitis B liver failure in this cohort.

9.
Chemosphere ; : 132662, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34756948

RESUMO

In this work, Mn(CeZr)Ox was synthesized by using chelation-induced synergistic self-assembly strategy for the combustion of toluene. The physicochemical properties of the synthesized catalysts were characterized by XRD, ICP-MS, SEM, TEM, XPS and N2 sorption. The Mn(CeZr)Ox catalyst with T90 = 225 °C exhibited improved catalytic performance than the original MnOx catalyst (T90 = 260 °C) and had significant low-temperature activity. The relationship between catalyst activity and structure was analyzed. By substituting Ce and Zr elements into the hollow microspheres of MnO2, oxygen vacancies were produced. The main factors affecting the catalytic activity of the catalyst and the reason why it remained high catalytic activity after a long period of hydrothermal treatment were discussed. After hydrothermal aging, the original pore structure of Mn(CeZr)Ox catalyst collapsed and the specific surface area decreased, but the overall crystallinity of the catalyst increased and the content of oxygen species in the lattice increased. The distribution of Mn and oxygen species on the catalyst surface changed significantly after hydrothermal treatment. The appropriate ratio of Mn4+ to Mn3+ and the ratio of lattice oxygen to adsorbed oxygen species are beneficial to the redox reaction cycle.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634518

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In clinical practice, the degree of iliac vein stenosis has often been inconsistent with the symptoms of chronic venous disease (CVD). To the best of our knowledge, no clinical studies have evaluated the hemodynamic changes associated with iliac vein stenosis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can noninvasively provide hemodynamic information. In the present study, we assessed the degree of stenosis associated with iliac venous compression syndrome and the relationships between iliac venous compression syndrome-induced, MRI-determined hemodynamic changes and lower limb symptoms. METHODS: Stenosis severity, the presence of collateral vessels, and flow rate (FR) differences between the common and external iliac veins secondary to iliac vein stenosis were measured using MRI in 69 patients with CVD. Villalta scores were used as a measure of symptom severity for all patients, and the percentage of change in the Villalta score was used as a measure of symptom improvement for the patients who had received iliac vein stents. Symptom severity for all patients, a subgroup of patients with iliac vein compression (affected limbs), and a group of patients with unilateral iliac vein compression treated with stents was correlated with stenosis, differences in the external and common iliac vein FRs (<0-mL/s group, indicating stenosis-induced decreased common iliac vein flow, and ≥0-mL/s group), and stenosis-induced collateral vessel formation. RESULTS: Iliac vein stenosis severity and FR differences in all affected limbs were correlated with the Villalta scores of the affected limbs (stenosis: r = 0.38, P < .001, n = 95; FR difference: r = -0.44, P < .001). In the unilateral compression subgroup, stenosis severity, FR differences, and the presence of collateral vessels were not associated with significant changes in contralateral symptoms. In the endovascular treatment subgroup, both lower limbs exhibited significant improvement after stent implantation (affected limb symptom remission, 64.6% ± 18.2%, n = 15; contralateral limb symptom remission, 49.1% ± 29.1%, n = 11). The rate of symptom remission was greater for patients with decreased iliac vein flow in the affected limbs (<0-mL/s group: 74.6% ± 16.4%, n = 7; ≥0-mL/s group: 52.2% ± 16.6%, n = 6; P = .032). CONCLUSIONS: Iliac vein stenosis, the presence of collateral vessels, and decreased FRs due to stenosis correlated significantly with lower limb symptom severity. Endovascular treatment yielded good outcomes in patients with stenosis >50%. A decreased iliac venous FR could indicate a better response to stent implantation and could be used in the diagnosis and guiding decisions to treat iliac venous compression.

11.
Neoplasma ; 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34704451

RESUMO

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most prevalent form of thyroid cancer (TC). There is increasing evidence that circular RNAs play a role in the tumorigenesis of PTC. The aim of our study was to evaluate the potential function of circ_0067934 in PTC and the underlying molecular mechanism. In our study, cell viability assay, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), colony formation assay, flow cytometry, wound-healing assay, Transwell invasion assay, western blot, soft agar assay, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP), dual-luciferase reporter assay, immunohistochemical (IHC) staining, and tumor xenograft formation were conducted to evaluate the effects of circ_0067934 in PTC cells. We found that circ_0067934 was upregulated in PTC tissues and cell lines. Knockdown of circ_0067934 inhibited growth, colony formation, migration, invasion, EMT, and tumor xenograft growth, and induced apoptosis of PTC cells. Moreover, circ_0067934 acted as a molecular sponge for miR-1301-3p, and depletion of miR-1301-3p abrogated the effects of circ_0067934 knockdown in PTC cells. In addition, HMGB1 was a target of miR-1301-3p, and miR-1301-3p overexpression inhibited the malignant effects of PTC cells via suppressing HMGB1. Furthermore, knockdown of circ_0067934 suppressed HMGB1 expression, PI3K/Akt, and MAPK activation by sponging miR-1301-3p. In nude mice, circ_0067934 depletion repressed tumor xenograft growth of PTC cells. In conclusion, our results provided a novel insight into circ_0067934 in the tumorigenesis and progression of PTC. Circ_0067934 might be a prognostic marker or therapeutic target for PTC treatment.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(43): e27479, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34713825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Angina pectoris of coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. Danhong injection is a supplement for angina pectoris of coronary heart disease. A large number of studies have confirmed its efficacy and safety. However, there is no rigorous clinical study to evaluate the effects of Danhong injection on cardiac function and blood lipid in patients with angina pectoris of coronary heart disease. METHODS: This is a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to study the effects of Danhong injection on cardiac function and lipid profile in patients with angina pectoris of coronary heart disease. Participants will be randomly divided into treatment group and control group. The treatment group will be treated with Danhong injection and the control group will be treated with placebo under basic treatment according to recommended guideline, and followed up for 3 months after 14 consecutive days of treatment. Outcomes include: cardiac function (left ventricular end-diastolic diameter); left ventricular end-systolic diameter; left ventricular ejection fraction, blood lipid levels (total cholesterol; triacylglycerol; low density lipoprotein cholesterol; high density lipoprotein cholesterol), the number of angina attacks per week, total amount of nitroglycerin tablets, and adverse reactions. DISCUSSION: This study will evaluate the efficacy of Danhong injection in improving cardiac function and blood lipid in patients with angina pectoris of coronary heart disease. The results of this study will provide reference for clinical use of Danhong injection to improve cardiac function and blood lipid in patients with angina pectoris of coronary heart disease.Trial registration: OSF Registration number: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/TPZJ5.


Assuntos
Angina Pectoris/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Lipídeos/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Angina Pectoris/etiologia , Doença das Coronárias/complicações , Método Duplo-Cego , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Testes de Função Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Adulto Jovem
13.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 190: 170-177, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478799

RESUMO

Designing an environmentally benign bio-adsorbent for the removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous medium was a sustainable strategy to ensure water safety. Herein, three-dimensional macroscopic aminosilyated nanocellulose aerogels (APTMS-modified TO-NFC) for the removal of heavy metal ions in water were successfully synthesized from bamboo-derived TEMPO-oxidized nanofibrillated cellulose (TO-NFC) and aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (APTMs) via a facile freeze-drying process. Owing to a relatively high BET surface area (129.32 m2 g-1), high porosity (99.14%) as well as high substitution degree of amino groups (0.41), the resulting APTMS-modified TO-NFC aerogel exhibited good adsorption capacity of 99.0, 124.5, and 242.1 mg g-1 for Cu2+, Cd2+ and Hg2+, respectively. Furthermore, the crosslinked and three-dimensionally porous architecture imparted it with relatively high compression strength, good excellent stability in water, and ease of recyclability from water after the usage. The pH value of the solution had a great influence on adsorption efficiency of the aerogel adsorbent, and optimal adsorption efficiency could be achieved at pH 3-7. Thermodynamic parameters suggested the spontaneous and endothermic nature of adsorption process. This work provides a facile method for preparing sustainable bio-adsorbent for effective heavy metal ions removal from aqueous medium.

14.
Front Mol Neurosci ; 14: 723395, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512260

RESUMO

Inflammatory pain encompasses many clinical symptoms, and there is no satisfactory therapeutic target. Neuronal hyperexcitability and/or sensitization of the primary nociceptive neurons in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and spinal dorsal horn are critical to the development and maintenance of inflammatory pain. The sodium leak channel (NALCN), a non-selective cation channel, mediates the background Na+ leak conductance and controls neuronal excitability. It is unknown whether abnormal activity of NALCN mediates the pathological process of inflammatory pain. Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) was injected into the left footpad of rats to induce inflammatory pain. The thresholds of mechanical and thermal sensation and spontaneous pain behaviors were assessed. The expression of NALCN in DRG and spinal dorsal cord was measured. NALCN currents and the contribution of NALCN to neuronal excitability in the DRG and spinal dorsal cord were recorded using whole-cell patch-clamping recording. NALCN was abundantly expressed in neurons of the DRG and spinal dorsal cord. In acutely isolated DRG neurons and spinal cord slices from rats with CFA-induced inflammatory pain, NALCN currents and neuronal excitability were increased. Subsequently, intrathecal and sciatic nerve injection of NALCN-small interfering RNA (siRNA) decreased NALCN mRNA and reverted NALCN currents to normal levels, and then reduced CFA-induced neuronal excitability and alleviated pain symptoms. Furthermore, pain-related symptoms were significantly prevented by the NALCN-shRNA-mediated NALCN knockdown in DRG and spinal cord. Therefore, increased expression and activity of NALCN contributed to neuronal sensitization in CFA-induced inflammatory pain. NALCN may be a novel molecular target for the control of inflammatory pain.

15.
Anal Methods ; 13(39): 4623-4633, 2021 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542118

RESUMO

Household dust is a sink for multiple toxic chemicals with known or suspected potential health effects. However, most dust exposure studies focus on a few chemicals, which may limit overall understanding of human exposure characteristics because people spend most of their time indoors. This paper describes the development and evaluation of a multi-residue analysis of 20 organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), 15 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), 8 polybrominated diphenyl ether congeners (PBDEs), 3 hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDs), 8 synthetic musks (Musks), and 7 organophosphate esters (OPEs) in indoor dusts. After extraction with acetone/hexane (v/v, 1 : 1), all target compounds were fractionated with a Florisil solid-phase extraction (SPE) cartridge into two fractions: PAHs, PBDEs, HBCDs, OCPs and Musks, which were eluted with hexane/dichloromethane, and OPEs eluted with ethyl acetate. Further clean-up using acidified silica 44% cartridges was then performed to enable determination of PBDEs and HBCDs. Instrumental analysis of the target chemicals was performed using gas chromatography (GC) or liquid chromatography (LC) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) or tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). A newly-optimized GC-MS/MS method was employed for the simultaneous determination of PAHs, OCPs, and Musks. The lower limit of quantification (LOQ) values of PAHs, OCPs, and Musks were 0.14-0.92 ng g-1, 0.06-0.38 ng g-1 and 0.07-0.40 ng g-1, respectively. PBDEs were quantified by GC-MS with electron capture negative ionization, and HBCDs and OPEs by LC-MS/MS with electrospray ionization (ESI) in negative and positive ion mode, respectively. Recovery experiments showed that the average recoveries and relative standard deviations were 99-113% and 1-14% for PBDEs, 89-105% and 1-6% for HBCDs, 71-120% and 3-17% for PAHs, 71-112% and 2-17% for OCPs, 77-120% and 2-13% for Musks, and 80-127% and 1-14% for OPEs. Validation experiments showed that the method achieved good accuracy. The developed method was used to analyze SRM 2585 and real indoor dust samples to demonstrate its suitability for routine analysis. The target contaminants were widely detected in SRM 2585 and indoor dust collected from Wuhan of Central China, with PAHs the major species, followed by OPEs, OCPs, and PBDEs.


Assuntos
Retardadores de Chama , Praguicidas , Compostos Policíclicos , Cromatografia Líquida , Poeira/análise , Retardadores de Chama/análise , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Organofosfatos , Praguicidas/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
16.
J Infect Dis ; 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We have previously reported the safety and immunogenicity four weeks after two doses of the Clover COVID-19 vaccine candidate, SCB-2019, a stabilized pre-fusion form of the SARS-CoV-2 S-protein (S-trimer). We now report persistence of antibodies up to 6 months after vaccination, and cross-neutralization titers against three Variants of Concern (VoC). METHODS: In a phase 1 study adult (18-54 years) and elderly (55-75 years) volunteers received two vaccinations 21 days apart with 3, 9 or 30µg doses of SCB-2019 adjuvanted with CpG-1018/alum or placebo. We measured IgG antibodies against SCB-2019, ACE2-competitive-binding antibodies, and neutralizing antibodies against wild type SARS-CoV-2 (Wuhan-Hu-1) at Days 101 and 184, and neutralizing antibodies against three VoC, Alpha (B.1.1.7), Beta (B.1.351) and Gamma (P.1) in Day 36 sera. RESULTS: Titers waned from their peak at Days 36-50, but SCB-2019 IgG antibodies, ACE2-competitive binding antibodies and neutralizing antibodies against wild type SARS-CoV-2 persisted at 25-35% of their observed peak levels at Day 184. Day 36 sera also demonstrated dose-dependent increases in neutralizing titers against the three VoC. CONCLUSIONS: SCB-2019 dose-dependently induced immune responses against wild-type SARS-CoV-2 which persisted up to Day 184. Neutralizing antibodies were cross-reactive against three of the most prevalent VoC.

17.
J Vis Exp ; (174)2021 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398164

RESUMO

Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating quantifies the time since mineral grains were deposited and shielded from additional light or heat exposure, which effectively resets the luminescence clock. The systematics of OSL dating is based on the dosimetric properties of common minerals, like quartz and feldspar. The acquired luminescence with exposure to natural ionizing radiation after burial provides a depositional age for many Quaternary sedimentary systems, spanning the past 0.5 Ma. This contribution details the procedures for separating pure quartz grains of a known range of particle sizes to facilitate luminescence analysis with small or single grain aliquots. Specifically, protocols are given for the needed data and interpretations for effective OSL dating of terrestrial sediment cores or sample tubes from exposures. These cores, 5-20 m long in 1.2 m sections, are split lengthwise and crown-cut leaving 80% of core volume undisturbed, which facilitates sampling of light-protected sediment for OSL dating deep within the core. Sediment samples are then subjected to a series of physical separations to obtain a certain grain-size interval (e.g., 150-250 µm). Magnetic minerals are removed in wet and dry states using magnets. A series of chemical digestions starts with soaking in H2O2 to remove organic matter, followed by HCl exposure to remove carbonate minerals, followed by density separation. Subsequently, grains are soaked in HF for 80 min and after in HCl to render solely quartz grains. The mineralogic purity (>99%) of the quartz extract is quantified with grain petrographic assessment and Raman spectroscopy. Repeating this quartz isolation procedure may be necessary with sediment that contains <15% quartz grains. Excitation of the purified quartz grains by LED-derived blue and IR light allows calculations of the fast and IR depletion ratios, which are metrics to assess the dominance of luminescence emissions from quartz.


Assuntos
Dosimetria por Luminescência Estimulada Opticamente , Quartzo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Luminescência , Minerais
18.
Nature ; 596(7873): 525-530, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433941

RESUMO

Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are widely used in applications ranging from electric vehicles to wearable devices. Before the invention of secondary LIBs, the primary lithium-thionyl chloride (Li-SOCl2) battery was developed in the 1970s using SOCl2 as the catholyte, lithium metal as the anode and amorphous carbon as the cathode1-7. This battery discharges by lithium oxidation and catholyte reduction to sulfur, sulfur dioxide and lithium chloride, is well known for its high energy density and is widely used in real-world applications; however, it has not been made rechargeable since its invention8-13. Here we show that with a highly microporous carbon positive electrode, a starting electrolyte composed of aluminium chloride in SOCl2 with fluoride-based additives, and either sodium or lithium as the negative electrode, we can produce a rechargeable Na/Cl2 or Li/Cl2 battery operating via redox between mainly Cl2/Cl- in the micropores of carbon and Na/Na+ or Li/Li+ redox on the sodium or lithium metal. The reversible Cl2/NaCl or Cl2/LiCl redox in the microporous carbon affords rechargeability at the positive electrode side and the thin alkali-fluoride-doped alkali-chloride solid electrolyte interface stabilizes the negative electrode, both are critical to secondary alkali-metal/Cl2 batteries.

19.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 28(47): 66990-66997, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34244935

RESUMO

Paspalum distichum L. was tested to evaluate their phytoremediation capacity for Hg contaminated soil through analyzing the dissipation of Hg in soil through a greenhouse study by using self-made rhizos box. Original soil samples were collected at Hg mining site with serious Hg contamination and a control site, respectively. Planting of P. distichum. L last for 60 days. Soil and plant samples were collected from four periods (0 d, 20 d, 40 d, and 60 d) and soil samples were collected from five different rhizosphere distance in horizontal direction (0-2 cm, 2-4cm, 4-6cm, 6-8cm, 8-10cm). The results showed that the presence of P. distichum. L significantly accelerated the Hg dissipation in soil compared with control. Hg concentration in the rhizospheric soil was affected by the plant growth period and the distance to the plant roots. The closer of soil to the root of P. distichum. L, the lower mercury concentration in soil. During the 60-day growing period, the concentrations of total Hg (THg) and methylmercury (MeHg) reduced by 45% and 64%, respectively, in the rhizosphere (0-2cm) of Hg contaminated soil. However, MeHg concentration was increased near the roots (0-4 cm) during the initial growing period (0-20 d), which may be attributed to the influence of root exudates. Root is the major part for Hg accumulation in P. distichum. L. The low ratio between Hg concentrations in underground and aboveground tissues indicated that it seemed difficult for Hg translocation from root to shoot. The highest THg (9.71 ± 3.09 µg·g-1) and MeHg (26.97 ± 0.98 ng·g-1) value in root of P. distichum. L were observed at the 20th day when P. distichum. L grown in Hg contaminated soil. The results of chemical fractions analyses showed that elemental Hg and residual Hg were the two major speciations followed by organic bound Hg in the Hg contaminated soil, which indicated the high bioavailability and ecological potential risk of Hg in Hg contaminated soil.

20.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 641432, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34295887

RESUMO

Background: Aerobic glycolysis and epidermal-mesenchymal transition (EMT) play key roles in the development of bladder cancer. This study aimed to investigate the function and the underlying mechanism of dihydropyrimidinase like 2 (DPYSL2) in bladder cancer progression. Methods: The expression pattern of DPYSL2 in bladder cancer and the correlation of DPYSL2 expression with clinicopathological characteristics of bladder cancer patients were analyzed using the data from different databases and tissue microarray. Gain- and loss-of-function assays were performed to explore the role of DPYSL2 in bladder cancer progression in vitro and in mice. Proteomic analysis was performed to identify the interacting partner of DPYSL2 in bladder cancer cells. Findings: The results showed that DPYSL2 expression was upregulated in bladder cancer tissue compared with adjacent normal bladder tissue and in more aggressive cancer stages compared with lower stages. DPYSL2 promoted malignant behavior of bladder cancer cells in vitro, as well as tumor growth and distant metastasis in mice. Mechanistically, DPYSL2 interacted with pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) and promoted the conversion of PKM2 tetramers to PKM2 dimers. Knockdown of PKM2 completely blocked DPYSL2-induced enhancement of the malignant behavior, glucose uptake, lactic acid production, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition in bladder cancer cells. Interpretation: In conclusion, the results suggest that DPYSL2 promotes aerobic glycolysis and EMT in bladder cancer via PKM2, serving as a potential therapeutic target for bladder cancer treatment.

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