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J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 659-667, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383060


As a new kind of two-dimensional nanomaterial, black phosphorus (BP) nanosheets have attracted significant interests in diverse bioapplications due to their unique structure and physicochemical properties. Despite BP nanosheets' advantages in cancer diagnosis and therapy applications, their biosafety issues are still unclear. Herein, we report a systematic study on the In Vitro and In Vivo toxicity of BP nanosheets. In Vitro experiments showed that BP nanosheets decrease the viability of human bronchial epithelial cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The mechanism study showed that BP nanosheets interfere with mitochondrial membrane potential, leading to an increase in intracellular ROS. These responses further initiated the activation of the caspase-3 and ultimately dictated cells to undergo apoptosis. Then, the In Vivo experiments of BP nanosheets revealed that single injection of BP nanosheets does not cause toxicity to mice in a short period of time, whereas multiple injections of BP nanosheets exert adverse effects on liver and renal function of mice. Interestingly, the liver and renal function of the mice returned to normal after a recovery period. Our findings provide insights into the rational design of BP nanosheets and guide their applications in biomedical fields.

Macromol Biosci ; : e1900124, 2019 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310440


Multivalent carbohydrate-lectin interactions play a crucial role in bacterial infection. Biomimicry of multivalent glycosystems represents a major strategy in the repression of bacterial growth. In this study, a new kind of glycopeptide (Naphthyl-Phe-Phe-Ser-Tyr, NMY) scaffold with mannose modification is designed and synthesized, which is able to perform supramolecular self-assembly with the assistance of catalytic enzyme, and present multiple mannose ligands on its self-assembled structure to target mannose-binding proteins. Relying on multivalent carbohydrate-lectin interactions, the glycopeptide hydrogel is able to bind Escherichia coli (E. coli) in high specificity, and result in bacterial adhesion, membrane disruption and subsequent cell death. In vivo wound healing assays reveal that this glycopeptide hydrogel exhibits considerable potentials for promoting wound healing and preventing E. coli infection in a full-thickness skin defect mouse model. Therefore, through a specific mannose-lectin interaction, a biocompatible hydrogel with inherent antibacterial activity against E. coli is achieved without the need to resort to antibiotic or antimicrobial agent treatment, highlighting the potential role of sugar-coated nanomaterials in wound healing and control of bacterial pathogenesis.

Pathol Res Pract ; 2018 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30389317


BACKGROUND: Cell division cycle associated 7 like (CDCA7L) belongs to the JPO protein family, which is recently identified as a target gene of c-Myc and is frequently dysregulated in multiple cancers. This study aimed to explore the clinicpathological value and biological role of CDCA7L in glioma. METHODS: CDCA7L expression in glioma patients was determined using the Oncomine database, and the prognostic role of CDCA7L expression was assessed in a retrospective cohort study. Moreover, the relationship of CDCA7L expression with the clinicopathological characteristics in glioma patients, including age, gender, tumor size, cystic change, Karnofsky performance scale (KPS) score, tumor location, extent of resection, WHO grade, adjuvant therapy and tumor recurrence, was analyzed in this study. In addition, the CDCA7L small interfering (si) RNA was constructed and transfected into the glioma U251 cells, so as to examine the role of CDCA7L in glioma patients. Besides, the changes in U251 cell invasion after transfection with CDCA7L siRNA were also monitored through Transwell assay. RESULTS: Our results suggested that CDCA7L expression was up-regulated in different glioma types, including glioblastoma, oligodendroglioma, diffuse astrocytoma and anaplastic astrocytoma. Moreover, the current retrospective cohort study indicated that high CDCA7L expression was associated with tumor size, WHO grade, adjuvant therapy and recurrence, as well as the poor overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) in glioma patients. Lastly, CDCA7L expression was knocked down using CDCA7L siRNA, which could block the invasion abilities of glioma U251 cells. CONCLUSIONS: CDCA7L is highly expressed in human glioma tissues and a high CDCA7L expression level predicts the dismal prognosis for glioma patients. Moreover, CDCA7L can promote glioma invasion, which can serve as an independent potential prognostic biomarker for glioma patients.