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1.
Med Ultrason ; 23(1): 55-61, 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33621274

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the reliability of quantitative analysis of dynamic stretching muscle stiffness using shear wave elas-tography (SWE), and to evaluate the influence of stretched levels and region of interest (ROI) sizes on the repeatability of SWE measurements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SWE videos of the gastrocnemius medius were collected during ankle movement from plantar flexion (PF) 40° to dorsiflexion (DF) 30°. Shear wave imageswere collected of ankle angles at PF 25°, 0°, DF 15°, and DF 30°, representing the slack status, mildly stretched level, moderately stretched level, and maximal stretched level of the gastrocnemius medius, respectively. ROI circles with diameters of 2 mm, 5 mm, and 8 mm were applied to measure the shear modulus. Intra-observer, and inter-observer repeatability of the measurements were compared among different stretched levels and ROI sizes. RESULTS: Twenty-one healthy volunteers were enrolled. Muscle stiffness increased as the ankle DF increased. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) of intra-observer and inter-observer repeatability obtained for ROI sizes of 2 mm, 5 mm and 8 mm indicated good to excellent repeatability at all stretched levels. CONCLUSIONS: Shear wave elastography appeared to be a reliable tool to evaluate the dynamic stretching muscle stiffness with satisfactory repeatability at various stretched levels of gastrocnemius medius. Good to excellent repeatability was found using different ROI sizes.

2.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052467

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate age-related changes on passive muscle stiffness in healthy individuals and measure the shear modulus in different age groups. METHODS: Shear wave elastography (SWE) movies of gastrocnemius medialis (GM) were collected during passive stretching induced by ankle rotation from plantarflexion (PF) to dorsiflexion (DF). A series of SWE images at ankle angles of PF 40°, PF 30°, PF 20°, PF 10°, 0°, DF 10°, DF 20°, and DF 30° were collected and shear moduli measured accordingly for analyses. RESULTS: Eighty-six healthy volunteers (27 children, 31 middle-aged adults, and 28 older people) were recruited. No significant difference was observed in the shear modulus between the three groups at ankle angles of PF 40°, PF 30°, PF 20°, PF 10°, and 0° (p > 0.05). The difference in the shear modulus among the three groups became significant as DF increased. At ankle angles of DF 10°, DF 20°, and DF 30°, the shear modulus was the greatest in the older group, followed by the middle-aged group and then the children group (p = 0.007, 0.000, and 0.000, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Passive muscle stiffness increases with age, and the difference between age groups was pronounced only after reaching a certain degree of stretching. KEY POINTS: • The influence of age on passive muscle stiffness becomes pronounced only after reaching a certain degree of stretching. • Age should be considered when evaluating passive muscle stiffness in muscular disorders.

3.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1654-1660, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067969

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of metformin on the proliferation of AML-MDS cells (SKM-1 cells) and its related mechanisms. METHODS: CCK-8 was used to test the cell proliferation; Flow cytometry was used to detect the cell apoptosis and cell cycle; Western blot was used to test the expression level of AMPK and cell cycle regulatory proteins. RESULTS: Metformin could inhibit the proliferation of SKM-1 cells, which may be attributed to metformin-induced cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 but not to metformin induced cell apoptosis. The expression levels of G1-related protein CyclinD1 and CDK4 were down-regulated, while the expression levels of P53, P21CIP1 and P27kIP1 were up-regulated. Moreover, the phosphorylation level of AMPK was up-regulated. CONCLUSION: Metformin inhibits the proliferation of SKM-1 cells, which may relate with AMPK-induced cell cycle arrest. However, future studies are necessary to further explore the related mechanisms.


Assuntos
Metformina , Apoptose , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Metformina/farmacologia
4.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(6): 2003-2008, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839074

RESUMO

AAbstractObjective:To compare and analyze the metabolic and functional changes in platelets stored at 4 ℃ and ones stored at 22 ℃ with agitation so as to provide an experimental basis for the cryopreservation technology of platelets. METHODS: Samples were collected from platelets stored at 4 ℃ in 2, 4, 6, 11, 15 and 21 days, and from ones stored at 22 ℃ with agitation during the same days, the metabolism indicators and thromboelastogram (TEM) were analysed. RESULTS: In metabolism, there were no significant changes of pH, GLU,PCO2, PCO2 and MPV levels of platelets stored at 4 ℃ for <6 days (P>0.05), However, the Plt count decreased, the PDW and LDH level incrseased (P<0.05). At the same time, only MPV had no changes of platelets stored at 22 ℃ during above-mentioned same days (P>0.05), while the pH, PCO2, GLU, Plt all decreased, and PO2, LDH, PDW incrseased (P<0.05). There were significant changes about the pH value, PO2, Plt, MPV, LDH, GLU levels between the two kinds of stored platelets during the same storing period (P<0.05). The pH value and MPV of platelets stored at 4 ℃ were obviously lower than ones stored at 22 ℃, while GLU, PO2, LDH and Plt levels showed reverse changes (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the PCO2 of platelets stored at 4 ℃ not could be detected and the Plt count reduced rapidly from d15. In function, the MA level of platelets stored at 4 ℃ was slower than that of platelets stored at 22 ℃, that is, the MA level of platelets stored at 4 ℃ were higher than that of platelets stored at 22 ℃ during the same storeing period (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Platelets stored at 4 ℃ have much slower metabolism than ones stored at 22 ℃, and the aggregation is stronger of platelets stored at 4 ℃ than that of ones at 22 ℃ during the same conservation period.


Assuntos
Plaquetas , Preservação de Sangue , Criopreservação , Temperatura
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17878, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702658

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Donor-derived bacterial infection is a rare cause of morbidity after solid organ transplantation (SOT) but associated with significant morbidity and mortality, deaths caused by carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) infection account for a considerable proportion of postoperation mortality rate in liver and kidney recipients. The arterial rupture as a result of fungal arteritis is occasionally described, while the rupture of graft vascular anastomosis after SOT due to donor-derived CRKP infection is rarely reported. PATIENTS CONCERNS: We reported 1 patient with donor-derived CRKP infection following liver transplantation and 2 patients following renal transplantation (1 liver and 2 kidneys were from the same donor), who experienced sudden abdominal pain and abdominal hemorrhage almost at the same time after organ transplantation. DIAGNOSIS: The patients were diagnosed as graft arteries rupture due to corrosion caused by CRKP infection based on computed tomography scan, blood culture, laparotomy, and pulse-field gel electrophoresis. INTERVENTIONS: Anti-shock treatment, exploratory laparotomy, broad-spectrum antibiotics, and abdominal puncture and drainage were given. OUTCOMES: The liver recipient survived as well as the liver graft, still under treatment of multiple abdominal infections. The 2 renal recipients were alive after resection of the renal grafts and underwent hemodialysis. LESSONS: Rupture of graft artery should be foreseen when donor-derived CRKP infection was confirmed and broad-spectrum antibiotics and other interventions need to be considered.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Infecções por Klebsiella/etiologia , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Antibacterianos , Enterobacteriáceas Resistentes a Carbapenêmicos/isolamento & purificação , Feminino , Artéria Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Infecções por Klebsiella/tratamento farmacológico , Klebsiella pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura/etiologia , Doadores de Tecidos
6.
Mol Biol Rep ; 39(2): 1315-22, 2012 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21604175

RESUMO

Rapid and reliable biomarkers of renal allograft rejection have not been available. This study aimed to investigate biomarkers in renal allograft tissue using proteomic analysis. Orthotopic kidney transplantations were performed using Fisher (F344) or Lewis rats as donors and Lewis rats as recipients. Syngenic control group (Group I) constituted F344-to-F344 orthotopic kidney allo-transplantations (n = 8); and allogenic group (Group II) consisted of F344-to-Lewis orthotopic kidney allo-transplantations (n = 8). Renal tissues were harvested 7 days after transplantation. Samples were analyzed using 2-D electrophoresis and matrix assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry. 6 differentially expressed proteins were identified between allogenic group and syngenic control group. A rat model of acute renal allograft rejection was successfully set up. Differentially expressed proteins in renal allograft tissue of rat were detected using proteomic analysis and might serve as novel diagnostic and therapeutic targets in human. Quantitative proteomics, using MALDL-TOF-MS methodology has the potential to provide a profiling and a deeper understanding of acute renal rejection.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Rejeição de Enxerto/metabolismo , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Rim/metabolismo , Proteômica/métodos , Análise de Variância , Animais , Eletroforese em Gel Bidimensional , Modelos Biológicos , Mapeamento de Peptídeos , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz
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