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1.
Neurobiol Dis ; 152: 105302, 2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609640

RESUMO

Both spinophilin (SPN, also known as neurabin 2) and Rac1 (a member of Rho GTPase family) are believed to play key roles in dendritic spine (DS) remodeling and spinal nociception. However, how SPN interacts with Rac1 in the above process is unknown. Here, we first demonstrated natural existence of SPN-protein phosphatase 1-Rac1 complex in the spinal dorsal horn (DH) neurons by both double immunofluorescent labeling and co-immunoprecipitation, then the effects of SPN over-expression and down-regulation on mechanical and thermal pain sensitivity, GTP-bound Rac1-ERK signaling activity, and spinal DS density were studied. Over-expression of SPN in spinal neurons by intra-DH pAAV-CMV-SPN-3FLAG could block both mechanical and thermal pain hypersensitivity induced by intraplantar bee venom injection, however it had no effect on the basal pain sensitivity. Over-expression of SPN also resulted in a significant decrease in GTP-Rac1-ERK activities, relative to naive and irrelevant control (pAAV-MCS). In sharp contrast, knockdown of SPN in spinal neurons by intra-DH pAAV-CAG-eGFP-U6-shRNA[SPN] produced both pain hypersensitivity and dramatic elevation of GTP-Rac1-ERK activities, relative to naive and irrelevant control (pAAV-shRNA [NC]). Moreover, knockdown of SPN resulted in increase in DS density while over-expression of it had no such effect. Collectively, SPN is likely to serve as a regulator of Rac1 signaling to suppress DS morphogenesis via negative control of GTP-bound Rac1-ERK activities at postsynaptic component in rat DH neurons wherein both mechanical and thermal pain sensitivity are controlled.

2.
Memory ; : 1-7, 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33573460

RESUMO

Previous research has consistently found that the self-reference effect (SRE) is equal to, or stronger than, the group-reference effect (GRE) for memory performance. The military strongly emphasises group identity; this study investigated whether the GRE was stronger than the SRE for soldiers. Soldiers were recruited to participate in Experiments 1 and Experiment 2. Experiment 1 revealed that recognition was better under the group-reference condition than the self-reference condition. Experiment 2 was identical to Experiment 1, with the exception that the recognition test required participants to use "remember" / "know" / "guess" judgments. The results were consistent with those of Experiment 1, that is, the GRE contributed to better recognition than the SRE, but the difference was statistically significant only for "know" responses. Using a less cohesive group (university students) as participants, Experiment 3 found that the GRE was not superior to the SRE for memory recognition, which indicated that the results of Experiments 1 and 2 were exclusive to soldiers. The findings suggest that soldiers' sense of self might be unique, and that an ingroup sense of self might be dominant for soldiers.

3.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 6672978, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33628378

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the influence of salvianolic acid B (SAB), an antioxidant derived from Danshen, on intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) and its possible molecular mechanisms. Methods: Sixty adult rats were randomly grouped (control, IDD, and SAB IDD groups). IDD was induced using needle puncture. The rats received daily administration of SAB (20 mg/kg) in the SAB IDD group while the other two groups received only distilled water. The extent of IDD was evaluated using MRI after 3 and 6 weeks and histology after 6 weeks. Oxidative stress was assessed using the ELISA method. In in vitro experiments, nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) were treated with H2O2 (100 µM) or SAB+H2O2, and levels of oxidative stress were measured. Cell apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry, expression levels of Bcl-2, Bax, and cleaved caspase-3 proteins. Cell proliferation rate was assessed by EdU analysis. Pathway involvement was determined by Western blotting while the influence of the pathway on NPCs was explored using the pathway inhibitor AG490. Results: The data demonstrate that SAB attenuated injury-induced IDD and oxidative stress, caused by activation of the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway in vivo. Oxidative stress induced by H2O2 was reversed by SAB in vitro. SAB reduced the increased cell apoptosis, cleaved caspase-3 expression, and caspase-3 activity induced by H2O2. Reduced cell proliferation and decreased Bcl-2/Bax ratio induced by H2O2 were rescued by SAB. Additionally, the JAK2/STAT3 pathway was activated by SAB, while AG490 counteracted this effect. Conclusion: The results suggest that SAB protects intervertebral discs from oxidative stress-induced degeneration by enhancing proliferation and attenuating apoptosis via activation of the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33634701

RESUMO

Previously, Cu2O cubes have been shown to remain photocatalytically inert toward methyl orange degradation even after surface decoration with ZnO, ZnS, CdS, and Ag3PO4 nanostructures. Surprisingly, when Ag2S nanoparticles are lightly deposited on Cu2O cubes as seen through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images, the heterostructures become highly photocatalytically active. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns show mainly Cu2O diffraction peaks due to lightly deposited Ag2S, but Ag2S peaks can emerge with increased Ag2S deposition. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis also supports Ag2S formation on Cu2O crystals. The Ag2S-deposited Cu2O octahedra and rhombic dodecahedra show the expected activity enhancement. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements, as well as electron, hole, and radical scavenger tests, all confirmed the emergence of photocatalytic activity from the Ag2S-Cu2O cubes. Photoluminescence lifetimes are shortened after Ag2S deposition. Electrochemical impedance measurements revealed a large decrease in charge transfer resistance for Cu2O cubes after the Ag2S deposition. Unexpectedly, the separately synthesized Ag2S particles are also photocatalytically inactive. No specific lattice planes of Ag2S are formed directly over the {100} face of Cu2O. Diffuse reflectance and ultraviolet photoelectron spectral data were used to construct band diagrams of different Cu2O crystals and Ag2S nanoparticles. A Z-scheme charge transfer mechanism may be involved at the heterojunction interface to promote charge carrier separation. However, to explain the sudden appearance of photocatalytic activity from the Ag2S-deposited Cu2O cubes, a large change in the {100} surface band bending after Ag2S deposition should be used. This work illustrates that an unusual photocatalytic outcome is possible to semiconductor heterojunctions, where two photocatalytically inert components can become highly active when joined together.

5.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438775

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Nodular sclerosing adenoses (NSAs) and malignant tumors (MTs) may coexist and are often classified into the same Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) category. We aimed to build and validate an ultrasound-based nomogram to distinguish MT from NSA for building a precise sequence of biopsies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The training cohort included 156 patients (156 masses) with NSA or MT at one study institution. We used best subset regression to determine the predictors for building a nomogram from ultrasonic characteristics and patients' age. Model performance and clinical utility were evaluated using Brier score, concordance (C)-index, calibration curve, and decision curve analysis. The independent validation cohort consisted of 162 patients (162 masses) from a separate institution. RESULTS: Through best subset regression, we selected 6 predictors to develop nomogram: age, calcification, echogenic rim, vascularity distribution, tumor size, and thickness of breast parenchyma. Brier score and C-index of the nomogram in the training cohort were 0.068 and 0.967 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.941-0.993), respectively. In addition, calibration curve demonstrated good agreement between prediction and pathological result. In the validation cohort, the nomogram still obtained a favorable C-index score of 0.951 (95% CI: 0.919-0.983) and fine calibration. Decision curve analysis showed that the model was clinically useful. CONCLUSIONS: If multiple NSA and MT masses are present in the same patient and are classified into the same BI-RADS category, our nomogram can be used as a supplement to the BI-RADS category for accurate biopsy of the mass most likely to be MT.

6.
J Biomech ; 116: 110248, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485146

RESUMO

The nano-biomechanical environment of the extracellular matrix is critical for cells to sense and respond to mechanical loading. However, to date, this important characteristic remains poorly understood in living tissue structures. This study reports the experimental measurement of the in vivo nano-elastic modulus of the tendon in a mouse tail model. The experiment was performed on the tail tendon of an 8-week-old C57BL/6 live mouse. Mechanical loading on tail tendons was regulated by changing both voltage and frequency of alternating current stimulation on the erector spinae. The nano-elastic modulus of the tail tendon was measured by atomic force microscope. The nano-elastic modulus showed significant variation (2.19-35.70 MPa) between different locations and up to 39% decrease under muscle contraction, suggesting a complicated biomechanical environment in which cells dwell. In addition, the nano-elastic modulus of the tail tendon measured in live mice was significantly lower than that measured in vitro, suggesting a disagreement of tissue mechanical properties in vivo and in vitro. This information is important for the designs of new extracellular biomaterial that can better mimic the biological environment, and improve clinical outcomes of musculoskeletal tissue degenerations and associated disorders.

7.
Parasitol Int ; 80: 102231, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147498

RESUMO

Angiostrongylus cantonensis is one of the most widespread parasites causing central nervous system (CNS) diseases in mammals. Since the mitochondrion is an essential cell organelle responsible for both physiological and pathological processes, its dysfunction might lead to inflammation and multiple disorders. In this study we aimed to investigate the changes in mitochondrial dynamics that occur in the mouse brain upon infection with A. cantonensis, using molecular biology techniques such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), western blot analysis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and different staining methods. Here, we show that mouse brain infected with A. cantonensis exhibits altered mitochondrial dynamics, including fission, fusion, and biogenesis. Additionally, we demonstrate that caspases and B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2) were significantly upregulated in A. cantonensis-infected brain. These results are indicative of the occurrence of apoptosis during A. cantonensis infection, which was further confirmed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining. These findings suggest the change in mitochondrial dynamics in A. cantonensis-infected brain, providing another point of view on the pathogenesis of meningoencephalitis caused by A. cantonensis infection.

8.
J Cell Biochem ; 122(1): 130-142, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951268

RESUMO

Sorafenib (SOR) resistance remains a major obstacle in the effective treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A number of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are responsible for this chemoresistance. This study aimed to reveal the essential function of a recently defined lncRNA, lncRNA-POIR, in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and SOR sensitivity of HCC cells. SOR-induced cytotoxicity was analyzed via cell counting kit-8 and ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine incorporation assays, whereas immunoblotting and confocal immunofluorescence were used to determine the expression levels of EMT markers. Furthermore, loss- or gain-of-function approaches were used to demonstrate the role of lncRNA-POIR/miR-182-5p on EMT and SOR sensitivity in HCC. The direct interaction between lncRNA-POIR and miR-182-5p was verified using a luciferase reporter assay. We found that knockdown of lncRNA-POIR sensitized HCC cells to SOR and simultaneously reversed EMT. As expected, miR-182-5p was confirmed as the downstream target of lncRNA-POIR. Moreover, miR-182-5p overexpression clearly reversed EMT and promoted SOR-induced cytotoxicity in representative HCC cells, whereas miR-182-5p downregulation played a contrasting role; miR-182-5p knockdown abolished the modulatory effects of lncRNA-POIR siRNA on EMT and SOR sensitivity. Together, these pieces of data suggest that lncRNA-POIR promotes EMT progression and suppresses SOR sensitivity simultaneously by sponging miR-182-5p. Thus, we proposed a compelling rationale for the use of lncRNA-POIR as a promising predictor of SOR response and as a potential therapeutic target for HCC treatment in the future.

9.
World Neurosurg ; 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33271382

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common degenerative neurological disorder in older adults, and increasing attention has been paid to bone health in PD. Although several studies demonstrate that patients with PD have a lower bone mineral density (BMD) than non-PD controls, there have been no systematic reviews in recent years. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, and Web of Science were used to search relevant studies up to May 2020. BMD, BMD T-score, and BMD Z-score of patients with and without PD were statistically analyzed. Meta-analysis was conducted using Review Manager Version 5.3. RESULTS: This meta-analysis included 17 studies comprising 10289 individuals. In the meta-analysis, adults with PD had lower total body, total hip, total radius, lumbar spine, total femur, femur neck, right hand and left hand BMD than non-PD controls. Meanwhile, T-score of total body BMD, total hip BMD, total radius BMD, lumbar spine BMD, L1-L4 spine BMD, total femur BMD, femur neck BMD in adults with PD were lower than those in non-PD controls. Futhermore, Z-score of total body BMD, total hip BMD, total radius BMD, lumbar spine BMD, L1-L4 spine BMD, and femur neck BMD was lower in adults with PD than in non-PD controls. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with PD had a lower BMD, BMD T-score, and BMD Z-score compared to non-PD controls. Therefore, clinicians should routinely monitor BMD of patients with PD to prevent falling and fragility fractures in older adults,and optimize BMD before surgical treatment of severe spinal deformity caused by PD.

10.
Parasit Vectors ; 13(1): 564, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33172484

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Toxoplasmic encephalitis (TE) is a leading cause of brain mass lesions (BML) in human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV)-infected patients. Yet, so far, no accurate diagnostic approach for TE has been developed. Herein, we presented a case series (9 HIV-infected patients with TG confirmed by RT-PCR of BML) to assess the diagnostic value of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) on TE. METHODS: A total of 9 HIV-infected patients with TE confirmed by RT-PCR of BML were included in this study. Clinical data, including clinical symptoms, blood and CSF analysis, neuroimaging features, histopathological characteristics, treatment, and prognosis, were assessed in all patients. According to the results of RT-PCR of BML, all the patients received oral administration of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole combined with antiretroviral therapy (ART). Patients were followed up by telephone or outpatient service. RESULTS: There were 8 male and 1 female patients; their age ranged from 26 to 56 years-old. The main symptom was intracranial hypertension (6/9). Six patients presented multiple brain lesions, which were mainly located in the supratentorial area (7/9). CD4+ count ranged from 11 to 159 cells/µl (median 92 cells/µl), and serological HIV viral load 0-989190 copies/ml (median 192836 copies/ml). IgG and IgM against serum TG were positive in 7 and 1 patients, respectively. Moreover, regarding CSF, IgG against TG was positive in 3 patients, while all patients were negative for IgM. The neuroimaging features on MRI showed no specificity. Four patients were diagnosed with TE by histopathological findings. After receiving anti-Toxoplasma therapy, 8 (8/9) patients improved clinically to a considerable extent. CONCLUSIONS: The application of RT-PCR of BML, together with conventional methods, may significantly improve the diagnostic efficiency of TE.

11.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0240347, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As a pandemic, a most-common pattern resembled organizing pneumonia (OP) has been identified by CT findings in novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). We aimed to delineate the evolution of CT findings and outcome in OP of COVID-19. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 106 COVID-19 patients with OP based on CT findings were retrospectively included and categorized into non-severe (mild/common) and severe (severe/critical) groups. CT features including lobar distribution, presence of ground glass opacities (GGO), consolidation, linear opacities and total severity CT score were evaluated at three time intervals from symptom-onset to CT scan (day 0-7, day 8-14, day > 14). Discharge or adverse outcome (admission to ICU or death), and pulmonary sequelae (complete absorption or lesion residuals) on CT after discharge were analyzed based on the CT features at different time interval. RESULTS: 79 (74.5%) patients were non-severe and 103 (97.2%) were discharged at median day 25 (range, day 8-50) after symptom-onset. Of 67 patients with revisit CT at 2-4 weeks after discharge, 20 (29.9%) had complete absorption of lesions at median day 38 (range, day 30-53) after symptom-onset. Significant differences between complete absorption and residuals groups were found in percentages of consolidation (1.5% vs. 13.8%, P = 0.010), number of involved lobe > 3 (40.0% vs. 72.5%, P = 0.030), CT score > 4 (20.0% vs. 65.0%, P = 0.010) at day 8-14. CONCLUSION: Most OP cases had good prognosis. Approximately one-third of cases had complete absorption of lesions during 1-2 months after symptom-onset while those with increased frequency of consolidation, number of involved lobe > 3, and CT score > 4 at week 2 after symptom-onset may indicate lesion residuals on CT.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos/citologia , Pandemias , Alta do Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
12.
Infect Drug Resist ; 13: 4039-4045, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33204121

RESUMO

Background: There is an increasing prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infection after liver transplantation (LT). Improved understanding of the risk factors and outcomes of CRE infections can help us to develop effective preventive strategies and even guide early treatment of high-risk LT patients. Methods: This was a retrospective study involving all Chinese adult patients who underwent LT between December 2017 and September 2019 in our center. We analyzed the possible risk factors and outcomes associated with CRE infections in the first 30 days post-LT. Results: A total of 387 patients underwent LT. Among them, 26 patients (6.7%) developed CRE infections within 30 days after transplantation. Patients with CRE infections had significantly lower 30-day and 180-day survival rates (80.8% vs 96.4%, p<0.001; 51.5% vs 92.4%, p<0.001). Multivariate analysis identified that intraoperative blood loss equal to or more than 1500 mL (odds ratio [OR], 3.666; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.407-9.550; p=0.008), CRE rectal carriage within 30 days post-LT (OR, 5.516; 95% CI, 2.113-14.399; p=0.000), biliary complications (OR, 3.779; 95% CI, 1.033-13.831; p=0.045) and renal replacement therapy for more than 3 days (OR, 3.762; 95% CI, 1.196-11.833; p=0.023) were independent risk factors for CRE infections within 30 days post-LT. Conclusion: CRE infections within 30 days post-LT were associated with worse outcomes. Intraoperative blood loss equal to or more than 1500 mL, CRE rectal carriage within 30 days post-LT, biliary complications and renal replacement therapy for more than 3 days were independent risk factors of CRE infections after LT.

13.
Oncol Lett ; 20(6): 314, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33133250

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of edema surrounding breast cancer masses in the prognostic prediction of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2-weighted fat suppression sequence. For this purpose, 80 patients with mass-type breast cancer underwent conventional plain breast MRI, dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI or diffusion-weighted MRI scan. The associations between edema around the mass on MRI T2 fat suppression sequence plain scan and tumor stage, pathological findings, immunohistochemical findings and axillary lymph node metastasis were analyzed. The results revealed the presence of edema around the mass on the MRI T2 fat suppression sequence plain scan in 35 patients. By contrast, there was no abnormal enhancement on the DCE-MRI, and the apparent diffusion coefficient value did not decrease in these areas. Compared with the remaining 45 patients, the 35 patients with peritumoral edema exhibited a higher tumor stage and a higher rate of axillary lymph node metastasis (all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in pathological classification or the expression of estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (as determined by immunohistochemistry) between the two groups. In total, 12 cases of tumor shrinkage during neoadjuvant chemotherapy were accompanied by an improvement in edema. Taken together, the findings of the present study indicated that the presence of edema around the mass on the MRI T2 fat suppression sequence may predict poor prognosis in patients with mass-type breast cancer. Furthermore, the improvement of the peritumoral edema post-neoadjuvant chemotherapy may also be a predictor of a more favorable prognosis.

14.
Microb Drug Resist ; 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33232654

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the epidemiology, risk factors, and prognosis of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infections (BSIs) among hematology malignancy (HM) patients in China. Method: From January 2010 to June 2018, we retrospectively collected and analyzed the 449 HM patients with E. coli or K. pneumoniae BSIs from three leading hospitals in Hunan Province, China. Results: Two hundred four (45.4%) patients harbored ESBL-producing bacteremia. The proportion of ESBL-producing bacteremia increased significantly with the growth of the year, with a ratio of 34.47% in 2010-2014 to 54.7% in 2015-2018. Comparing with non-ESBL groups in HM patients, central venous catheter (odds ratio [OR] 1.717, p = 0.009), previous antibiotic exposure (OR 1.559, p = 0.035), and E. coli (OR 2.561, p ≤ 0.001) among ESBL groups were independent risk factors. No significant differences in 30-day mortality were tested in patients with BSI caused by ESBL-producing or non-ESBL-producing E. coli and K. pneumoniae (17.1% vs. 16.7%; p = 0. 893). The proportion of carbapenem used within 72 hours after the onset of bacteremia in two groups was high, which was routinely used as "last-resort drugs" in Gram-negative bacterial infections. Risk factors associated with 30-day mortality in HM patients with E. coli or K. pneumoniae bacteremia were myelodysplastic syndrome, incomplete remission of the disease, Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer score <21, Pitt bacteremia score ≥4, Charlson comorbidity score >3, catheter insertion, use of vasopressors, and inappropriate antibiotics within 72 hours of BSI onset. Conclusions: The results of this study may provide some references for the whole process management of HM patients with BSIs.

15.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-11, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164645

RESUMO

Matrine is one of the major alkaloids extracted from Sophora flavescens Ait of the traditional Chinese medicine, was the main chemical ingredient of compounds of Kushen injection. The Matrine is considered as a promising therapeutic agent for curing nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC), used either alone or combined with chemotherapeutic agents. In the present study, we focused on the possible roles of Matrine exerted on the self-renewal ability of stem-like cells of the NSCLC group, as well as the cytotoxicity of chemotherapeutic agents, in vitro and in vivo. Here we reported that Matrine inhibits cancer stem-like cell (CSC) properties through upregulation of Let-7b and suppression of the Wnt pathway. Overexpression of Let-7b suppressed the ability of tumorsphere formation, decreased Wnt pathway activation through inhibiting its transcriptional activity in lung CSCs. Further studies revealed that Let-7b directly targeted CCND1 and decreased its expression, whereas Matrine increased Let-7b levels and followed by inactivation of the CCND1/Wnt signaling pathway and inhibition of EMT, which was characterized by loss of epithelial markers and acquisition of a mesenchymal phenotype in lung CSCs. What is more, we found that Matrine increased Let-7b level in an endoribonuclease DICER1-dependent manner. And xenografts in nude mice evidenced that Matrine increased the sensitivity of lung CSCs to 5-FU and inhibited the accumulation of CCND1 in tumor tissues induced by 5-FU. Taken together, these data illustrate the role of Let-7b in regulating lung CSCs traits and DICER1/let-7/CCND1 axis in Matrine or in combination with 5-FU intervention of lung CSCs' expansion, helping to fulfill the anti-cancer action of Matrine.

16.
Acta Cardiol Sin ; 36(6): 537-561, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33235411

RESUMO

To facilitate the applications of home blood pressure (HBP) monitoring in clinical settings, the Taiwan Hypertension Society and the Taiwan Society of Cardiology jointly put forward the Consensus Statement on HBP monitoring according to up-to-date scientific evidence by convening a series of expert meetings and compiling opinions from the members of these two societies. In this Consensus Statement as well as recent international guidelines for management of arterial hypertension, HBP monitoring has been implemented in diagnostic confirmation of hypertension, identification of hypertension phenotypes, guidance of anti-hypertensive treatment, and detection of hypotensive events. HBP should be obtained by repetitive measurements based on the " 722 " principle, which is referred to duplicate blood pressure readings taken per occasion, twice daily, over seven consecutive days. The " 722" principle of HBP monitoring should be applied in clinical settings, including confirmation of hypertension diagnosis, 2 weeks after adjustment of antihypertensive medications, and at least every 3 months in well-controlled hypertensive patients. A good reproducibility of HBP monitoring could be achieved by individuals carefully following the instructions before and during HBP measurement, by using validated BP devices with an upper arm cuff. Corresponding to office BP thresholds of 140/90 and 130/80 mmHg, the thresholds (or targets) of HBP are 135/85 and 130/80 mmHg, respectively. HBP-based hypertension management strategies including bedtime dosing (for uncontrolled morning hypertension), shifting to drugs with longer-acting antihypertensive effect (for uncontrolled evening hypertension), and adding another antihypertensive drug (for uncontrolled morning and evening hypertension) should be considered. Only with the support from medical caregivers, paramedical team, or tele- monitoring, HBP monitoring could reliably improve the control of hypertension.

17.
Toxins (Basel) ; 12(11)2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33238397

RESUMO

Since 1970s, aplysiatoxins (ATXs), a class of biologically active dermatoxins, were identified from the marine mollusk Stylocheilus longicauda, whilst further research indicated that ATXs were originally metabolized by cyanobacteria. So far, there have been 45 aplysiatoxin derivatives discovered from marine cyanobacteria with various geographies. Recently, we isolated two neo-debromoaplysiatoxins, neo-debromoaplysiatoxin G (1) and neo-debromoaplysiatoxin H (2) from the cyanobacterium Lyngbya sp. collected from the South China Sea. The freeze-dried cyanobacterium was extracted with liquid-liquid extraction of organic solvents, and then was subjected to multiple chromatographies to yield neo-debromoaplysiatoxin G (1) (3.6 mg) and neo-debromoaplysiatoxin H (2) (4.3 mg). They were elucidated with spectroscopic methods. Moreover, the brine shrimp toxicity of the aplysiatoxin derivatives representing differential structural classifications indicated that the debromoaplysiatoxin was the most toxic compound (half inhibitory concentration (IC50) value = 0.34 ± 0.036 µM). While neo-aplysiatoxins (neo-ATXs) did not exhibit apparent brine shrimp toxicity, but showed potent blocking action against potassium channel Kv1.5, likewise, compounds 1 and 2 with IC50 values of 1.79 ± 0.22 µM and 1.46 ± 0.14 µM, respectively. Therefore, much of the current knowledge suggests the ATXs with different structure modifications may modulate multiple cellular signaling processes in animal systems leading to the harmful effects on public health.

18.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(9): 1068-1073, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051420

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the pathogenic distribution, antibiotic susceptibility and prognostic factors for acute leukemia (AL) patients with Gram negative (G-) bacterial bloodstream infection (BSI), in order to provide theoretical basis for reducing the infection-related mortality of AL patients. METHODS: The clinical data of 1 055 AL patients with BSI admitted to the hematology ward of three large-scale hospitals in Hunan Province from January 2010 to December 2018 were collected. The etiology, antibiotic susceptibility data and clinical features of patients with G- bacterial infection were analyzed. RESULTS: G- bacterial infection accounted for 622 AL patients with BSI, and the main pathogens were Escherichia coli (277 strains, 44.53%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (138 strains, 22.19%), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (81 strains, 13.02%). Most G- bacteria were highly sensitive to carbapenems and ß-lactam/ß-lactamase inhibitor. State of disease, Pitt score ≥4, treatment with vasoactive agents and sensitive antibiotic >48 h were independent risk factors of 30-day mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Rational antibacterial treatment of G- bacterial BSI in AL patients requires adequate acquaintance of the local pathogenic epidemiology and antibiotic susceptibility-monitored data. Broad-spectrum antibiotics covering the most common and more virulent pathogens should be timely applicated and adjusted according to antibiotic susceptibility results and efficacy.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Bacteriemia/tratamento farmacológico , Bacteriemia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Prognóstico
19.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 53(11): e10058, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053109

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore changes in nanoscale elastic modulus of the synovium using atomic force microscopy (AFM) in addition to investigate changes in synovial histomorphology and secretory function in osteoarthritis (OA) in a rat anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) model. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to sham control and ACLT OA groups. All right knee joints were harvested at 4, 8, or 12 weeks (W) after surgery for histological assessment of cartilage damage and synovitis in both the anterior and posterior capsules. AFM imaging and nanoscale biomechanical testing were conducted to measure the elastic modulus of the synovial collagen fibrils. Immunohistochemistry was used to visualize the expression of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) in the synovium. The OA groups exhibited progressive development of disease in the cartilage and synovium. Histopathological scores of the synovium in the OA groups increased gradually. Significant differences were observed between all OA groups except for the posterior 4W group. The synovial fibril arrangement in all OA groups was significantly disordered. The synovial fibrils in all ACLT OA groups at each time point were stiffer than those in the sham controls. OA rats displayed a significantly higher expression of IL-1ß and MMP3 in the anterior capsule. In summary, synovial stiffening was closely associated with joint degeneration and might be a factor contributing to synovitis and increased production of proinflammatory mediators. Our data provided insights into the role of synovitis, particularly stiffening of the synovium, in OA pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Osteoartrite , Animais , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Módulo de Elasticidade , Masculino , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Membrana Sinovial
20.
Front Public Health ; 8: 567672, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33072703

RESUMO

Background: As global healthcare system is overwhelmed by novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), early identification of risks of adverse outcomes becomes the key to optimize management and improve survival. This study aimed to provide a CT-based pattern categorization to predict outcome of COVID-19 pneumonia. Methods: One hundred and sixty-five patients with COVID-19 (91 men, 4-89 years) underwent chest CT were retrospectively enrolled. CT findings were categorized as Pattern 0 (negative), Pattern 1 (bronchopneumonia pattern), Pattern 2 (organizing pneumonia pattern), Pattern 3 (progressive organizing pneumonia pattern), and Pattern 4 (diffuse alveolar damage pattern). Clinical findings were compared across different categories. Time-dependent progression of CT patterns and correlations with clinical outcomes, i.e." discharge or adverse outcome (admission to ICU, requiring mechanical ventilation, or death), with pulmonary sequelae (complete absorption or residuals) on CT after discharge were analyzed. Results: Of 94 patients with outcome, 81 (86.2%) were discharged, 3 (3.2%) were admitted to ICU, 4 (4.3%) required mechanical ventilation, 6 (6.4%) died. 31 (38.3%) had complete absorption at median day 37 after symptom onset. Significant differences between pattern-categories were found in age, disease severity, comorbidity and laboratory results (all P < 0.05). Remarkable evolution was observed in Pattern 0-2 and Pattern 3-4 within 3 and 2 weeks after symptom-onset, respectively; most of patterns remained thereafter. After controlling for age, CT pattern significantly correlated with adverse outcomes [Pattern 4 vs. Pattern 0-3 [reference]; hazard-ratio [95% CI], 18.90 [1.91-186.60], P = 0.012]. CT pattern [Pattern 3-4 vs. Pattern 0-2 [reference]; 0.26 [0.08-0.88], P = 0.030] and C-reactive protein [>10 vs. ≤ 10 mg/L [reference]; 0.31 [0.13-0.72], P = 0.006] were risk factors associated with pulmonary residuals. Conclusion: CT pattern categorization allied with clinical characteristics within 2 weeks after symptom onset would facilitate early prognostic stratification in COVID-19 pneumonia.

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