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1.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 17(8): 1545-1553, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544532

RESUMO

Despite the broad anticancer activity, whereas the clinical application of luteolin is hindered by unsatisfactory water solubility and non-targeting. Herein, targeted inhibitory effects of luteolin-loading HER2 nanospheres (Her-2-NPs) were successfully prepared by thin film ultrasonic method. In comparison with the non-targeted nanospheres, Her-2 nanospheres could significantly boost the intake of luteolin in SK-BR-3 cells. The proliferation and apoptosis of breast cancer cells were detected by MTT testing and flow cytometry examination, respectively. Consequently, the expressions of FOXO1 mRNA level was detected using qPCR assay and protein level was detected using Westernblot. We discovered that Luteolin-loading Her-2 nanospheres could significantly hinder the proliferation of breast cancer cells, down-regulation their migration, and up-regulation FOXO1 expression at mRNA and protein levels, reveal a mechanism whereby luteolin interferes with breast cancer. Collectively, these results suggest Her-2-modified nanospheres increases the efficiency of luteolin uptake and thus improves the treatment benefit of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Nanosferas , Apoptose , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Humanos , Luteolina
2.
3.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 8849415, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337056

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignant tumor of the digestive system, and its early asymptomatic characteristic increases the difficulty of diagnosis and treatment. This study is aimed at obtaining some novel biomarkers with diagnostic and prognostic meaning and may find out potential therapeutic targets for HCC. We screen differentially expressed genes (DEGs) from the HCC gene expression profile GSE14520 using GEO2R. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis were conducted by using the clusterProfiler software while a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was performed based on the STRING database. Then, prognosis analysis of hub genes was conducted using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was utilized to further verify the expression of hub genes and explore the correlation between gene expression and clinicopathological parameters. A total of 1053 DEGs were captured, containing 497 upregulated genes and 556 downregulated genes. GO and KEGG analysis indicated that the downregulated DEGs were mainly enriched in the fatty acid catabolic process while upregulated DEGs were primarily enriched in the cell cycle. Simultaneously, ten hub genes (CYP3A4, UGT1A6, AOX1, UGT1A4, UGT2B15, CDK1, CCNB1, MAD2L1, CCNB2, and CDC20) were identified by the PPI network. Five prognosis-related hub genes (CYP3A4, CDK1, CCNB1, MAD2L1, and CDC20) were uncovered by the survival analysis based on TCGA database. The ten hub genes were further validated by qRT-PCR using samples obtained from our hospital. The prognosis-related hub genes such as CYP3A4, CDK1, CCNB1, MAD2L1, and CDC20 could be considered potential diagnosis biomarkers and prognosis targets for HCC. We also use Oncomine for further verification, and we found CCNB1, CCNB2, CDK1, and CYP3A4 which were highly expressed in HCC. Meanwhile, CCNB1, CCNB2, and CDK1 are highly expressed in almost all cancer types, which may play an important role in cancer. Still, further functional study should be conducted to explore the underlying mechanism and biological effect in the near future.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Biologia Computacional , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise de Sobrevida , Transcriptoma , Regulação para Cima/genética
4.
Vet Microbiol ; 259: 109152, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34146894

RESUMO

Although previous reports have shown that Curcumin inhibits many viruses, including some important members of different genera of Flaviviridae family (Japanese encephalitis virus, dengue virus and hepatitis C virus), the antiviral activity of curcumin against Classical swine fever virus (CSFV), which belongs to Pestivirus genus, is still unclear. In this study, we found that curcumin inhibited CSFV replication in a dose-dependent manner, but had no effect on virus adsorption and entry. Furthermore, the results showed that curcumin inhibited the expression of FASN, one of the key enzymes of fatty acid synthesis pathway, thereby, causing the reduction of the production of LDs upon infection. To this end, we detected transcription factor 6 (ATF6), the key factor of regulating lipid metabolism along with other related molecules (CHOP and GPR78) and found that curcumin significantly impaired the gene synthesis of ATF6, while CSFV infection promoted ATF6 expression. Therefore, it is confirmed that curcumin inhibited CSFV replication by interfere lipid metabolism. In addition, our subsequent studies found that curcumin played an antiviral role by promoting the innate immune independent of NF-κB signaling pathway. Taken together, our finding highlights that curcumin is a potential candidate drug against CSFV for controlling CSF.

5.
J Phys Chem B ; 125(26): 7187-7198, 2021 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34184538

RESUMO

The ability to form hydrogen bonds is one of the most important factors behind water's many anomalous properties. However, there is still no consensus on the hydrogen bond structure of liquid water, including the average number of hydrogen bonds in liquid water. We use molecular dynamics simulations of the polarizable iAMOEBA water model for investigating the hydrogen bond characteristics of liquid water over a wide range of temperatures and pressures. Geometric definitions of a hydrogen bond often use a rectangular region on the plane of hydrogen bond distances and angles. In this work, we find that an elliptical region is more appropriate for the identification of hydrogen bonds, based on statistically favorable molecular configurations. The two-dimensional potential of mean force (PMF) landscape along the hydrogen bond distance (O-H) and angle (O-H-O) is calculated for identifying the statistically favored molecular configurations, which is then used for defining hydrogen bond formation as well as the strength of a hydrogen bond. We further propose a new approach to characterize the hydrogen bonds as strong when the PMF is lower than -2 kT. Using this definition, a consistent explanation for the different average numbers of hydrogen bonds in water is obtained in agreement with the literature. Simulations are also performed with the rigid and nonpolarizable TIP4P/2005 water model. Both water models are qualitatively consistent in predicting the distribution of double-, single-, and non-donor configurations, in line with experimental data, while the iAMOEBA water model yields more quantitatively precise results, including a 10-15% double-donor fraction at 90 °C and 1 atm. The method is also demonstrated to be applicable to the recent, and more general, three-dimensional PMF-based definition of hydrogen bonds.


Assuntos
Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Água , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Conformação Molecular , Temperatura
6.
J Virol ; 95(17): e0078121, 2021 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34132567

RESUMO

Classical swine fever virus (CSFV), a member of the genus Pestivirus of the family Flaviviridae, relies on host machinery to complete its life cycle. Previous studies have shown a close connection between virus infection and fatty acid biosynthesis, mainly regulated by fatty acid synthase (FASN). However, the molecular action of how FASN participates in CSFV replication remains to be elucidated. In this study, two chemical inhibitors of the fatty acid synthesis pathway [5-(tetradecyloxy)-2-furoic acid (TOFA) and tetrahydro-4-methylene-2R-octyl-5-oxo-3S-furancarboxylic acid (C75)] significantly impaired the late stage of viral propagation, suggesting CSFV replication required fatty acid synthesis. We next found that CSFV infection stimulated the expression of FASN, whereas knockdown of FASN inhibited CSFV replication. Furthermore, confocal microscopy showed that FASN participated in the formation of replication complex (RC), which was associated with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Interestingly, CSFV NS4B interacted with FASN and promoted overexpression of FASN, which is regulated by functional Rab18. Moreover, we found that FASN regulated the formation of lipid droplets (LDs) upon CSFV infection, promoting virus proliferation. Taken together, our work provides mechanistic insight into the role of FASN in the viral life of CSFV, and it highlights the potential antiviral target for the development of therapeutics against pestiviruses. IMPORTANCE Classical swine fever, caused by classical swine fever virus (CSFV), is one of the notifiable diseases by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) and causes significant financial losses to the pig industry globally. CSFV, like other (+)-strand RNA viruses, requires lipid and sterol biosynthesis for efficient replication. However, the role of lipid metabolism in CSFV replication remains unknown. Here, we found that fatty acid synthase (FASN) was involved in viral propagation. Moreover, FASN is recruited to CSFV replication sites in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and interacts with NS4B to regulate CSFV replication that requires Rab18. Furthermore, we speculated that lipid droplet (LD) biosynthesis, indirectly regulated by FASN, ultimately promotes CSFV replication. Our results highlight a critical role for de novo fatty acid synthesis in CSFV infection, which might help control this devastating virus.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33949930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease, which destructs joints and causes significant pain, impairing a patient's quality of life. Strychni semen showed promising results in treating RA. However, there are increasing safety concerns in using Strychni Semen due to its severe toxicity. AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to provide insight into using Strychni Semen as an alternative medicine to treat RA, as well as to offer a method for the safe application of Strychni Semen through processing and compatibility studies. METHODS: Publications were retrieved and surveyed from CNKI and PubMed relevant to Strychni Semen for a literature review. RESULTS: This article summarized the mechanism of function of strychni semen in treating RA with its anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and immunomodulatory effect. Commonly used methods to attenuate the toxicity of strychni semen were also discussed in this article. CONCLUSION: Strychni semen has a good therapeutic effect on RA, mainly by the modulation of immunity with anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Also, the reported toxicity of strychni semen can be effectively reduced by processing and reasonable compatibility. Hence, as an alternative medicine for RA treatment, strychni semen has a broad prospect.

8.
Ann Work Expo Health ; 65(8): 1004-1008, 2021 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907794

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate changes in the psychological state of medical personnel in the Department of Radiotherapy during the COVID-19 epidemic. METHODS: Psychological state was evaluated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). All three questionnaires were first completed by medical personnel on 17-18 February 2020 and were repeated every 3 months thereafter until 17-18 August. The number and intentions of patients receiving radiotherapy (RT) in our department were also collected. RESULTS: Twenty medical personnel participated in the present study. The global PSQI score recorded in August was significantly lower than that recorded in February (P = 0.045). Among the seven components of the PSQI, sleep quality (P = 0.048) and daytime dysfunction (P = 0.006) in August were significantly improved compared with February, whereas SDS and SAS did not significantly differ among the three different time points. The proportion of patients who received palliative radiotherapy was significantly higher on 18 May than on 17 February (P = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Medical personnel in the Department of Radiotherapy experienced a significantly elevated incidence of sleeping problems during the early COVID-19 outbreak period. Multiple combinations of protective measures to avoid infection could improve sleep quality and ensure the safe delivery of RT to cancer patients.

10.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 550: 84-91, 2021 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33689884

RESUMO

The monopolar spindle 1 ((hMps1/TTK) is a serine/threonine kinase that plays an important role in spindle assembly checkpoint signaling. To explore the possible relationship between TTK inhibition and radiosensitivity, we examined whether TTK inhibition influences cellular susceptibility of radiation. And we further revealed its mechanisms. We found that the expression of TTK was obviously higher in liver cancer tissues compared to the normal liver tissues. Kaplan-Meier Plotter demonstrated that patients with low TTK expression levels had a longer overall survival than patients with high TTK expression levels. TTK inhibitor AZ3146 could simulated liver cancer cells to accumulate in the G2/M phase, which ultimately enhances DNA damage with more γ-H2AX foci and more apoptosis and necrosis induced by radiation, which prompted that TTK inhibition sensitized liver cancer cells to radiation. In addition, TTK inhibition altered cell-cycle progression and exacerbated centrosome abnormalities, resulting in enhanced mitotic catastrophe (MC) induced by radiation in a p21-mediated manner. In this study, we present evidences that the TTK inhibitor promotes the radiosensitivity of liver cancer cells through regulating cell cycle in p21-mediated manner in vitro, indicating that TTK inhibitor may be an attractive radiosensitizer for the patients with liver cancer.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/radioterapia , Proteínas Oncogênicas/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Tolerância a Radiação/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Centrossomo/efeitos dos fármacos , Centrossomo/metabolismo , Centrossomo/efeitos da radiação , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Dano ao DNA/efeitos da radiação , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos da radiação , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Pontos de Checagem da Fase M do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem da Fase M do Ciclo Celular/efeitos da radiação , Necrose/tratamento farmacológico , Necrose/radioterapia , Prognóstico , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Análise de Sobrevida
11.
J Virol ; 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33627389

RESUMO

Cytoskeleton, as a ubiquitous structure in the cells, plays an important role in the process of virus entry, replication, and survival. However, the action mechanism of cytoskeleton in the invasion of Pestivirus into host cells remains unclear. In this study, we systematically dissected the key roles of the main cytoskeleton components, microfilaments and microtubules in the endocytosis of porcine Pestivirus, Classical swine fever virus (CSFV). We observed the dynamic changes of actin filaments in CSFV entry. Confocal microscopy showed that CSFV invasion induced the dissolution and aggregation of stress fibers, resulting in the formation of lamellipodia and filopodia. Chemical inhibitors and RNA interference were used to find that the dynamic changes of actin were caused by EGFR-PI3K/MAPK-RhoA/Rac1/Cdc42-cofilin signaling pathway, which regulates the microfilaments to help CSFV entry. Furthermore, co-localization of the microfilaments with clathrin and Rab5 (early endosome), as well as microtubules with Rab7 (late endosome) and Lamp1 (lysosome) revealed that microfilaments were activated and rearranged to help CSFV trafficking to early endosome after endocytosis. Subsequently, recruitment of microtubules by CSFV also assisted membrane fusion of the virions from late endosome to lysosome with the help of a molecular motor, dynein. Unexpectedly, vimentin, which is an intermediate filament, had no effect on CSFV entry. Taken together, our findings comprehensively revealed the molecular mechanisms of cytoskeletal components that regulated CSFV endocytosis and facilitated further understanding of Pestivirus entry, which would be conducive to explore antiviral molecules to control classical swine fever.IMPORTANCEEndocytosis, an essential biological process mediating cellular internalization events, is often exploited by pathogens for their entry into target cells. Previously, we have reported different mechanisms of CSFV endocytosis into the porcine epithelial cells (PK-15) and macrophages (3D4/21); however, the details of microfilaments/microtubules mediated virus migration within the host cells remained to be elucidated. In this study, we found that CSFV infection induced rearrangement of actin filaments regulated by cofilin through EGFR-PI3K/MAPK-RhoA/Rac1/Cdc42 pathway. Furthermore, we found that CSFV particles were trafficked along actin filaments in early and late endosomes, and through microtubules in lysosomes after entry. Here, we provide for the first time a comprehensive description of the cytoskeleton that facilitates entry and intracellular transport of highly pathogenic swine virus. Results from this study will greatly contribute to the understanding of virus-induced early and complex changes in host cells that are important in CSFV pathogenesis.

12.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 476(1): 443-455, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990894

RESUMO

Cerebrovascular diseases have a high mortality and disability rate in developed countries. Endothelial cell injury is the main cause of atherosclerosis and cerebrovascular disease. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) has been proved to participate in the progression of endothelial cell. Our study aimed to develop the function of lncRNA opa-interacting protein 5 antisense RNA 1 (OIP5-AS1) in oxidative low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced endothelial cell injury. The expression of OIP5-AS1, miR-98-5p and High-mobility group protein box-1 (HMGB1) was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and flow cytometry were used to detect the cell proliferation and apoptosis. The levels of cyclinD1, Bcl-2 Associated X Protein (Bax), Cleaved-caspase-3, Toll like receptors 4 (TLR4), phosphorylation of p65 (p-P65), phosphorylation of nuclear factor-kappa B inhibitor α (p-IκB-α) and HMGB1 were measured by Western blot. The concentrations of Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The production of Reactive oxygen species (ROS), Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) was detected by the corresponding kit. The targets of OIP5-AS and miR-98-5p were predicted by starBase 3.0 and TargetScan and confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay. The expression of OIP5-AS1 was upregulated, while miR-98-5p was downregulated in ox-LDL-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Functionally, knockdown of OIP5-AS1 induced proliferation and inhibited apoptosis, inflammatory injury and oxidative stress injury in ox-LDL-induced HUVEC cells. Interestingly, miR-98-5p was a target of OIP5-AS1 and miR-98-5p inhibition abolished the effects of OIP5-AS1 downregulation on ox-LDL-induced HUVECs injury. More importantly, miR-98-5p directly targeted HMGB1, and OIP5-AS1 regulated the expression of HMGB1 by sponging miR-98-5p. Finally, OIP5-AS1 regulated the TLR4/nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway through miR-98-5p/HMGB1 axis. LncRNA OIP5-AS1 accelerates ox-LDL-induced endothelial cell injury through regulating HMGB1 mediated by miR-98-5p via the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway.

14.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(5): 3246-3255, 2021 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236751

RESUMO

Reducing carbon dioxide emissions is one of the possible solutions to prevent global climate change, which is urgently needed for the sustainable development of our society. In this work, easily available, biodegradable amino acid ionic liquids (AAILs) with great potential for CO2 absorption in the manned closed space such as spacecraft, submarines and other manned devices are used as the basic material. Molecular dynamics simulations and ab initio calculations were performed for 12 AAILs ([P4444][X] and [P66614][X], [X] = X = [GLy]-, [Im]-, [Pro]-, [Suc]-, [Lys]-, [Asp]2-), and the dynamic characteristics and the internal mechanism of AAILs to improve CO2 absorption capacity were clarified. Based on structural analysis and the analysis of interaction energy including van der Waals and electrostatic interaction energy, it was revealed that the anion of ionic liquids dominates the interaction between CO2 and AAILs. At the same time, the CO2 absorption capacity of AAILs increases in the order [Asp]2- < [Suc]- < [Lys]- < [Pro]- < [Im]- < [Gly]-. Meanwhile, the synergistic absorption of CO2 by multiple-sites of amino and carboxyl groups in the anion was proved by DFT calculations. These findings show that the anion of AAILs can be an effective factor to regulate the CO2 absorption process, which can also provide guidance for the rational and targeted molecular design of AAILs for CO2 capture, especially in the manned closed space.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/química , Dióxido de Carbono/química , Líquidos Iônicos/química , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Modelos Químicos , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular
15.
J Virol ; 95(6)2021 02 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33328308

RESUMO

Classical swine fever (CSF), caused by classical swine fever virus (CSFV), is a highly contagious disease of swine with high morbidity and mortality that negatively affects the pig industry worldwide, in particular in China. Soon after the endocytosis of CSFV, the virus makes full use of the components of host cells to complete its life cycle. The endocytosis sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) system is a central molecular machine for membrane protein sorting and scission in eukaryotic cells that plays an essential role in many physiological metabolic processes, including invasion and egress of envelope viruses. However, the molecular mechanism that ESCRT uses to regulate the replication of CSFV is unknown. In this study, we demonstrated that the ESCRT-I complex Tsg101 protein participates in clathrin-mediated endocytosis of CSFV and is also involved in CSFV trafficking. Tsg101 assists the virus in entering the host cell through the late endosome (Rab7 and Rab9) and finally reaching the lysosome (Lamp-1). Interestingly, Tsg101 is also involved in the viral replication process by interacting with nonstructural proteins 4B and 5B of CSFV. Finally, confocal microscopy showed that the replication complex of Tsg101 and double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) or NS4B and NS5B protein was close to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), not the Golgi, in the cytoplasm. Collectively, our finding highlights that Tsg101 regulates the process of CSFV entry and replication, indicating that the ESCRT plays an important role in the life cycle of CSFV. Thus, ESCRT molecules could serve as therapeutic targets to combat CSFV infection.IMPORTANCE CSF, caused by CSFV, is a World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) notifiable disease and causes significant financial losses to the pig industry globally. The ESCRT machinery plays an important regulatory role in several members of the genera Flavivirus and Hepacivirus within the family Flaviviridae, such as hepatitis C virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, and dengue virus. Previous reports have shown that assembling and budding of these viruses require ESCRT. However, the role of ESCRT in Pestivirus infection remains to be elucidated. We determined the molecular mechanisms of the regulation of CSFV infection by the major subunit Tsg101 of ESCRT-I. Interestingly, Tsg101 plays an essential regulatory role in both clathrin-mediated endocytosis and genome replication of CSFV. Overall, the results of this study provide further insights into the molecular function of ESCRT-I complex protein Tsg101 during CSFV infection, which may serve as a molecular target for pestivirus inhibitors.


Assuntos
Vírus da Febre Suína Clássica/fisiologia , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Complexos Endossomais de Distribuição Requeridos para Transporte/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Internalização do Vírus , Replicação Viral , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Peste Suína Clássica/metabolismo , Peste Suína Clássica/virologia , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Retículo Endoplasmático/virologia , Complexos Endossomais de Distribuição Requeridos para Transporte/genética , Endossomos/metabolismo , Endossomos/virologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Lisossomos/virologia , RNA Viral/metabolismo , Suínos , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/metabolismo , Compartimentos de Replicação Viral/metabolismo
16.
J Dermatolog Treat ; 32(1): 90-94, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31084382

RESUMO

Background: Vitiligo is an acquired depigmentation skin disorder mainly caused by the destruction of melanocytes. There are many therapeutic options available for vitiligo, but the options are not uniformly effective.Objectives: This study aimed to explore the clinical effect of the autologous non-cultured epidermal cell suspension (NCES) technique in the treatment of patients with stable vitiligo.Methods: A retrospective study of before-after comparisons was undertaken with 41 patients with stable vitiligo who received treatment with the NCES technique. The percentage of repigmentation area was evaluated using image analysis of the appearance before and 6-9 months after operation.Results: A total of 41 patients (18 males and 23 females) with a duration of clinical stability for ranging from 1 to 10 years (mean 1.6 ± 1.9) were included. The mean age was 20.2 years (range, 8-50) and 4 (9.8%) were children under the age of 14 years. After 6-9 months of follow-up, 80.5% (33/41) of the patients showed good response; among these patients, 17.1% (7/41) showed complete or almost complete repigmentation. Interestingly, all 4 children showed very good response (more than 76% repigmentation). There were no significant differences in the efficacy of treatment between the different transplantation areas of the facial neck, trunk, and distal limbs and there were no adverse effects such as infection or scar formation.Limitation: This study included only a single center with a small sample size.Conclusions: Our study shows that the NCES technique has a high therapeutic effect, is safe for patients with stable vitiligo, and may be a very promising potential option for treating children.


Assuntos
Células Epidérmicas/transplante , Vitiligo/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Células Epidérmicas/citologia , Extremidades/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pescoço/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tronco/patologia , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 26(8): 708-712, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377731

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the correlation of the sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) with age and other semen parameters in infertile men and its influence on the outcomes of in vitro fertilization and embryo transplantation (IVF-ET). METHODS: Semen samples were obtained from 6 162 infertile males in our hospital between July 2017 and December 2018. Sperm concentration, the percentages of progressively motile sperm (PMS) and morphologically normal sperm (MNS) and sperm DFI were determined by computer-assisted semen analysis, modified Papanicolaou staining and sperm chromatin structure assay, respectively. According to the sperm DFI, the samples were divided into three groups: DFI≤15%, 15%30%. Comparisons were made among different groups in the rates of fertilization, embryo cleavage, embryo formation and pregnancy. RESULTS: Spearman correlation analysis showed that DFI was correlated positively with age (r = 0.508, P < 0.05), but negatively with sperm concentration (r = -0.155, P < 0.05) and the percentages of PMS (r = -0.111, P < 0.05) and MNS (r = -0.315, P < 0.05). With sperm DFI >20%, the clinical pregnancy rate of IVF-ET was significantly reduced, while with sperm DFI >30%, the rate of available embryos markedly decreased and that of biochemical pregnancy remarkably increased. No correlation was found between sperm DFI and the rates of fertilization, embryo cleavage and high-quality embryos in IVF-ET. CONCLUSIONS: In infertile males, sperm DFI is correlated positively with age but negatively with sperm concentration and the percentages of PMS and MNS, and it significantly affects the outcomes of IVF-ET.


Assuntos
Fatores Etários , Fragmentação do DNA , Transferência Embrionária , Fertilização In Vitro , Infertilidade Masculina/fisiopatologia , Espermatozoides , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/terapia , Masculino , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Sêmen , Contagem de Espermatozoides
18.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33199539

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Flow diverter (FD) is widely used in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. However, thromboembolic events (TEs) continue to be the major complications during the periprocedural phase. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the prophylactic use of tirofiban, combined with the conventional dual antiplatelet therapy (DAT), as a new antiplatelet protocol in patients with intracranial aneurysms treated with FDs. METHODS: At least 3-5 days before the procedure, daily DAT were administrated to the patients. Tirofiban was administered as an intravenous bolus (5 µg/kg) over a 3 min period during or immediately after FD deployment, followed by a 0.05 µg/kg/min maintenance infusion for 24-48 hours. Periprocedural TEs and hemorrhagic events (HEs) were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 331 patients were included, including 229 (69.2%) who received tirofiban administration (tirofiban group) and 102 (30.8%) who received only DAT (non-tirofiban group). Periprocedural TEs occurred in 12 (3.6%) patients, including eight (7.8%) in the non-tirofiban group and four (1.7%) in the tirofiban group. In multivariate analysis, patients receiving tirofiban administration had significantly lower TEs as compared with those who received only DAT (P=0.004). Balloon angioplasty and longer procedure time (>137 min) were also risk factors for TEs. Also, no increase was observed in the rate of HEs related to tirofiban administration. CONCLUSIONS: The current study suggested that prophylactic administration of tirofiban combined with conventional oral DAT seems safe and efficient for preventing TEs during FD treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Balloon angioplasty and prolonged procedure are associated with a high risk of TEs.

19.
Am J Pathol ; 190(12): 2343-2354, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32971057

RESUMO

The long noncoding RNA DANCR (differentiation antagonizing non-protein coding RNA) displays aberrant expression in various cancers. However, its clinical value and functional mechanisms in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remain poorly understood. We found that DANCR is dramatically up-regulated in human NPC, and that it is an indicator for poor survival prognosis. DANCR knockdown suppressed cell proliferation, colony formation in vitro, and tumorigenicity in vivo. Mechanistic analyses demonstrated that DANCR could bind to RNA-binding protein 3 (RBM3) protein and stabilize SOX2 mRNA, resulting in NPC cell proliferation. Our findings indicate that DANCR functions as an oncogene and a potential therapeutic target for NPC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/metabolismo , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo
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