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2.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(24): 1915-1920, 2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619853

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of regional homogeneity (ReHo) of the resting-state magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in first-episode childhood and adolescence-onset schizophrenia (CAOS) and to analyze the relationship between the severity of auditory hallucinations and ReHo. Methods: Seventy-nine cases of first-episode CAOS patients (case group) aged 10 to 16 were collected from October 2017 to December 2019 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University. There were 28 males and 51 females with a mean age of (14.1±1.3) years. And meantime, 32 healthy children matched with the patients in baseline data were selected as healthy controls (HCs). The patients with CAOS were divided into three groups according to the auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) assessment of positive symptoms scale (SAPS): non-AVH group (0-1 point), 20 cases; mild-to-moderate AVH group (2-3 points), 36 cases; severe AVH group (4-5 points), 23 cases. The severity of psychiatric symptoms was evaluated using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). ReHo analysis was performed on the resting state fMRI scan data of all subjects. Covariance analysis (ages was used as a covariate) was performed between the case group and the HCs, and the three case groups were analyzed to find the different brain areas. Finally, covariance analysis (ages as a covariate) was performed on ReHo values between the case group and the HCs, and among the three groups of patients. Correlation analysis was conducted between the ReHo values in different brain regions and PANSS scores, as well as AVH scores. Results: Compared with the HCs, the decreased ReHo of patients were mainly located in the left superior frontal gyrus, right superior temporal gyrus, left central anterior gyrus, and right central anterior gyrus (all P<0.05). Besides, the ReHo deficits were in the right superior temporal gyrus, left middle frontal gyrus, precuneus lobe, and left central anterior gyrus among the three groups (all P<0.05). Moreover, the severe-AVH group showed decreased ReHo values in precuneus lobe compared with the non-AVH group (P<0.05), and showed decreased ReHo values in left middle frontal gyrus and left central anterior gyrus compared with the mild-to-moderate AVH group (both P<0.05). Furthermore, the ReHo in the right superior temporal gyrus and the left anterior central gyrus were negatively correlated with the AVH score (rs=-0.34, -0.32, P<0.05); and the positive symptom score was negatively correlated with the ReHo in the right superior temporal lobe (r=-0.23, P<0.05). Conclusion: Firstly, decreased ReHo is found in multiple brain regions in CAOS. Secondly, the occurrence of auditory hallucinations may be related to the abnormal activity of local neurons in the resting state. Consequently, Abnormal brain function may be the underlying neural basis for the first-episode CAOS.


Assuntos
Esquizofrenia , Adolescente , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Mapeamento Encefálico , Criança , Feminino , Alucinações/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico por imagem
3.
J Dairy Sci ; 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635354

RESUMO

Enhanced postruminal supply of methionine (Met) during the peripartal period alters protein abundance of insulin, AA, and antioxidant signaling pathways in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT). Whether SAT is directly responsive to supply of Met and can induce molecular alterations is unknown. Our objective was to examine whether enhanced Met supply during an oxidative stress challenge in vitro alters insulin, AA, inflammation, and antioxidant signaling-related protein networks. Four late-lactation Holstein cows (average 27.0 kg of milk per day) were used for SAT collection. Tissue was incubated in duplicate for 4 h in a humidified incubator with 5% CO2 at 37°C according to the following experimental design: control medium with an "ideal" profile of essential AA (CTR; Lys:Met 2.9:1), CTR plus 100 µM H2O2 (HP), or CTR with greater Met supply plus 100 µM H2O2 (HPMET; Lys:Met 2.5:1). Molecular targets associated with insulin signaling, lipolysis, antioxidant nuclear factor, erythroid 2 like 2 (NFE2L2), inflammation, and AA metabolism were determined through reverse-transcription quantitative PCR and western blotting. Data were analyzed using the MIXED procedure of SAS 9.4 (SAS Institute Inc.). Among proteins associated with insulin signaling, compared with CTR, HP led to lower abundance of phosphorylated AKT serine/threonine kinase (p-AKT) and solute carrier family 2 member 4 (SLC2A4; insulin-induced glucose transporter). Although incubation with HPMET restored abundance of SLC2A4 to levels in the CTR and upregulated abundance of fatty acid synthase (FASN) and phosphorylated 5'-prime-AMP-activated protein kinase (p-AMPK), it did not alter p-AKT, which remained similar to HP. Among proteins associated with AA signaling, compared with CTR, challenge with HP led to lower abundance of phosphorylated mechanistic target of rapamycin (p-MTOR), and HPMET did not restore abundance to CTR levels. Among inflammation-related targets studied, incubation with HPMET led to greater protein abundance of nuclear factor kappa B subunit p65 (NFKB-RELA). The response in NFKB observed with HPMET was associated with a marked upregulation of the antioxidant transcription regulator NFE2L2 and the antioxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1). No effects of treatment were detected for mRNA abundance of proinflammatory cytokines or antioxidant enzymes, underscoring the importance of post-transcriptional regulation. Overall, data indicated that short-term challenge with H2O2 was particularly effective in reducing insulin and AA signaling. Although a greater supply of Met had little effect on those pathways, it seemed to restore the protein abundance of the insulin-induced glucose transporter. Overall, the concomitant upregulation of key inflammation and antioxidant signaling proteins when a greater level of Met was supplemented to oxidant-challenged SAT highlighted the potential role of this AA in regulating the inflammatory response and oxidant status. Further studies should be conducted to assess the role of postruminal supply of Met and other AA in the regulation of immune, antioxidant, and metabolic systems in peripartal cow adipose tissue.

4.
J Biomech ; 129: 110783, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662757

RESUMO

Laser therapy has been widely used in the treatment of hypertrophic scars (HPS), but whether the mechanical properties of HPS tissue after laser treatment can be restored to those of normal skin remains unclear. In this paper, the relationship between the evolution of compressive mechanical properties and histological changes of HPS tissues following three successive combined pulsed dye laser (PDL) and fractional CO2 laser (CO2) treatments was investigated by compression tests and histological analysis. The early HPS model of rabbit ear was established by CO2 laser ablation. The loading-unloading tests and strain creep tests under the compression forces of 1 N, 2 N, and 3 N were carried out for normal skin, untreated HPS and HPS after different treatment times, respectively. The results showed that the compression ratio λ of all tissues revealed force dependence and rose with the increasing compression force, which was similar to the trend of most biological soft tissues. The histological changes of HPSs following laser treatment have a significant influence on the compressive mechanical response. Compared with the normal skin, the toughness and anti-deformation ability of HPS reduced due to the proliferation of collagen fibers and the destruction of elastic fibers, resulting in higher energy dissipation, compression ratio λ, and stable creep rate D, and lower elastic modulus. After three successive combined PDL/ CO2 laser treatments, the compressive mechanical properties and creep properties of HPS gradually approached that of the normal skin owing to the gradual restoration of the amount and distribution of collagen and elastic fibers in HPS. The results provide a new method for evaluating the clinical efficacy of laser therapy for treatment of HPS tissue.

5.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(9): 873-879, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530594

RESUMO

Objective: This analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy and the safety of rivaroxaban-aspirin combination therapy in secondary prevention of major adverse cardiovascular events in Chinese patients enrolled in the COMPASS trial. Methods: COMPASS was a prospective, international multi-center and randomized controlled trial. From September 2014 to February 2017, 1 086 patients with stable coronary artery disease and peripheral artery diseases were recruited from 31 centers in China. Patients were randomly assigned to separately receive the therapy of rivaroxaban (2.5 mg twice a day) plus aspirin (100 mg once a day,) group (n=366), rivaroxaban (5 mg twice a day) alone group (n=365), and aspirin (100 mg once a day) alone group (n=355). Baseline information such as age, sex, etc. of all three groups was collected. Finally, 1 081 patients were followed up successfully, with the follow-up rate 99.5% and the average follow-up time was 19 months. The primary efficacy endpoint was the composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction and stroke. The primary safety endpoint was major bleeding evaluated by modified International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis criteria. Results: Age of patients was (64.2±8.3) years and there were 293 male in rivaroxaban plus aspirin group. Age of patients was (63.8±9.0) years, and there were 301 male patients in rivaroxaban alone group. Age of patients was (63.6±8.8) years, and there were 282 male patients in the aspirin alone group. The incidences of primary efficacy endpoint occurred in 9 cases (1.5%) in rivaroxaban with aspirin group, 21 cases (3.7%) in rivaroxaban alone group and 14 cases (2.5%) in aspirin alone group. Meanwhile, the incidences of primary safety endpoint occurred in 6 cases (1.0%) in rivaroxaban with aspirin group, 9 cases (1.6%) in rivaroxaban alone group and 7 cases (1.2%) in aspirin alone group. The net clinical benefit events were 10 cases (1.7%) in rivaroxaban with aspirin group, 22 cases (3.9%) in rivaroxaban alone group and 15 cases (2.7%) in aspirin alone group (P>0.5%). Conclusions: The combination of rivaroxaban with aspirin can be safe and effectively used for the secondary prevention in Chinese patients with stable coronary artery disease and peripheral artery diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Rivaroxabana , Idoso , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , China , Quimioterapia Combinada , Inibidores do Fator Xa/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Prevenção Secundária
6.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(8): 1207-1213, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549712

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of lysosomal membrane protein Sidt2 deletion on autophagy in human hepatocytes. METHODS: Crispr-Cas9 technology was used to construct a human hepatocyte (HL7702) model of Sidt2 knockout (Sidt2-/-), and the expression levels of the key autophagy proteins LC3II/I, P62 and autophagy-related proteins Atg5, Atg7, and Atg12 were detected.The co-localization of LC3B and P62 in the cells were analyzed with immunofluorescence assay to assess the identification and storage of P62 cargo proteins by the autophagosomes and the degradation of the autophagolysosomes.The co-localization of LC3B and LAMP1 was also determined with immunofluorescence assay to detect the fusion of the autophagosomes with the lysosomes, and LysoTracker was used to trace the acidic lysosomes. RESULTS: We successfully constructed a HL7702 cell model of Sidt2+/+ and Sidt2-/-, and compared with Sidt2+/+ cells, the Sidt2-/- cell model showed significantly increased expressions of LC3-II/I and P62 (P < 0.01).Immunofluorescence assay showed a significant increase of LC3B and P62 expressions (P < 0.001) and obviously lowered expressions of Atg5, Atg7, and Atg12 in Sidt2-/- cells (P < 0.05).The co-localization of LC3B and P62 and that of LC3B and LAMP1 were both reduced and the number of acidic lysosomes was significantly lowered in Sidt2-/- cells (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Sidt2 gene deletion disturbs the recognition and sequestration of P62 cargo protein by autophagosomes in human hepatocytes.At the same time, the decreased number of acidic lysosomes and the dysfunction of autophagosome and lysosome fusion cause the block of the autophagy-lysosome pathway, leading eventually to LC3B and P62 accumulation and impaired autophagy in the hepatocytes.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Hepatócitos , Proteínas de Transporte de Nucleotídeos , Autofagossomos , Células Cultivadas , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Humanos , Glicoproteínas de Membrana Associadas ao Lisossomo/genética , Lisossomos
8.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(16): 5072, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486680

RESUMO

The article "Ceramide accumulation accelerates nucleus pulposus cells degradation by p38MAPK activation, by W.-J. Wu, J. Wang, J. Liang, Q. Zhou, Y. Liang, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020; 24 (19): 9787-9796-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202010_23187-PMID: 33090381" has been withdrawn from the authors due to inaccuracies (there are some errors and incorrect data). The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/23187.

9.
Br J Dermatol ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498260

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Structural variations (SVs, defined as DNA variants ≥50 bp) have been associated with various complex human diseases. However, research to screen the whole genome for SVs predisposing to psoriasis is still lacking. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the association of SVs and psoriasis. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide screen on SVs using an imputation method on 5 independent cohorts with 45,386 subjects from the Chinese Han population. Fine mapping analysis, genetic interaction analysis and RNA expression analysis were conducted to explore the mechanism of SVs. RESULTS: We obtained 4,535 SVs in total and identified 2 novel deletions (esv3608550, OR=2.73, P<2.00×10-308 ; esv3608542, OR=0.47, P=7.40×10-28 ) at 6q21.33 (MHC), 1 novel Alu element insertion (esv3607339, OR=1.22, P=1.18×10-35 ) at 5q33.3 (IL12B), and confirmed 1 previously reported deletion (esv3587563, OR=1.30, P=9.52×10-60 ) at 1q21.2 (LCE) for psoriasis. Fine mapping analysis including SNPs and small Insertions/Deletions (InDels) revealed that esv3608550 and esv3608542 were independently associated with psoriasis, and a novel independent SNP (rs9378188, OR=1.65, P=3.46×10-38 ) was identified at 6q21.33. By genetic interaction analysis and RNA expression analysis, we speculate that the association of 2 deletions at 6q21.33 with psoriasis might relate to their influence on the expression of HLA-C. CONCLUSIONS: Our study constructed the most comprehensive SV map for psoriasis thus far and enriched the genetic architecture and pathogenesis of psoriasis as well as highlighted the nonnegligible impact of SVs on complex diseases.

10.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 103(8): e255-e258, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34464560

RESUMO

Liposarcoma is one of the most common soft tissue malignancies, occurring mostly in the extremities and retroperitoneal cavities, and occasionally in the mediastinum of the thoracic cavity. Here, we present a patient undergoing four operations over a period of 33 years because of repeated recurrence of mediastinal liposarcoma. A 34-year-old woman underwent her first surgery for mediastinal liposarcoma in 1986. Ten years later, a recurrent tumour was found during follow-up. The patient underwent a second operation for complete excision. The pathology was liposarcoma, partly myxoid and partly dedifferentiated. The patient remained tumour-free for 22 years, until one year ago, when a third operation was performed to resect the recurrent tumour which was myxoid liposarcoma. Unfortunately, upon computed tomography imaging three months later a fatty mass was spotted which increased rapidly in size. The patient underwent further surgery to achieve radical excision of the recurrent liposarcoma. Postoperative recovery was uneventful, and a follow-up examination showed no recurrence to date. For mediastinal liposarcoma, surgical removal is the treatment of choice. Considering that the tumour is prone to recurrence, the lesion should be removed as thoroughly as possible in the first operation. If the tumour recurs repeatedly, multiple resections are beneficial to patient survival on most occasions.


Assuntos
Lipossarcoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Mediastino/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Lipossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Lipossarcoma/patologia , Neoplasias do Mediastino/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Mediastino/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
11.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(7): 791-795, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405616

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate and compare the histologic characteristics of adenocarcinomas with mesonephric features located in different parts of the gynecologic tract. Methods: Two cases of mesonephric adenocarcinomas (MA) of the cervix and 5 cases of mesonephric-like adenocarcinomas (MLA) of the uterus and ovary were collected in Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University from January 2018 to October 2020. Hematoxylin-eosin staining, immunohistochemistry and KRAS mutation testing were performed together with review of literature. Results: MA of the cervix as well as MLA of the uterus and ovary had similar morphologic features, showing an admixture of glandular, tubular, papillary and solid growth patterns. However, both MA cases were located in cervical stroma, which demonstrated residual mesonephric ducts present at the periphery. All four uterine MLA cases extensively involved the endometrium and myometrium. The ovarian MLA case was associated with endometriosis. No residual mesonephric ducts were present in the MLA cases. Immunohistochemically, GATA3 was positive in all seven MA/MLA cases. TTF1 was expressed only in 4/5 MLA cases. ER and PR were negative and p53 was wild-type in all cases. KRAS mutation was detected in all five cases. During the 6-32 months of follow-up, one patient developed recurrence and the others were tumor-free. Conclusions: In the gynecologic tract, both MA in cervix and MLA in uterus and ovary have similar morphologic features, immunohistochemical expression and KRAS mutation. However, distinct from MA that originates from mesonephric remnant, MLA is closely related to Mullerian epithelium.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Uterinas , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias Uterinas/genética , Ductos Mesonéfricos
12.
Anim Genet ; 52(5): 645-655, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324723

RESUMO

lncRNAs play crucial roles in fat metabolism in animals. Previously, we have compared the mRNA transcriptome profiles between seven fat-type Chinese pig breeds and one lean-type Western breed (Yorkshire, YY). The associations between differentially expressed (DE) genes and phenotypical traits were investigated. In the present study, to further explore the underlying regulatory mechanisms, lncRNAs were sequenced and compared between YY and Chinese indigenous breeds. The results showed 9114 and 7538 DE lncRNAs between at least one Chinese breed and the YY breed in the adipose and muscle tissue respectively. KEGG enrichment analysis revealed that the target genes of these DE lncRNAs mainly influenced the glucolipid metabolism, which is an important process affecting meat quality. Correlation analyses between the DE lncRNA and DE mRNA genes related to meat quality and growth traits were performed. The results showed that LTCONS_00073280 was associated with intramuscular fat content. Four lncRNAs (LTCONS_00101781, LTCONS_00037879, LTCONS_00088260 and LTCONS-00128343) might mediate backfat thickness. Overall, this study provides candidate lncRNAs that potentially affect meat quality, which might be useful for molecular breeding of pig breeds in future.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo , Músculos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Sus scrofa/genética , Animais , Cruzamento , Fenótipo , Carne de Porco
13.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(6): 923-930, 2021 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238746

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To design novel antimicrobial peptides with high activity and low toxicity and evaluate their effect against Streptococcus mutans and other oral bacteria for prevention and treatment of dental caries. OBJECTIVE: We synthesized two antimicrobial peptides (KR-1 and KR-2) using Dhvar4 (a histatins5 mimic) as the template. The antimicrobial peptides with high activity and low toxicity were screened using minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) test, hemolysis test, and CCK-8 assay. Streptococcus mutans biofilms cultured in 96-well plates were divided into experimental group (KR-1) and positive control group (CHX) and treated with concentration gradients (0.6×, 0.8×, 1× and 2× MICs) of KR-1 and CHX, respectively. Crystal violet staining was used for quantitative analysis of the changes of the biofilms after the treatments. The structural changes of the biofilms were observed with laser confocal microscopy after KR-1 treatment at 10 × MIC. The antimicrobial activity of KR-1 against oral Streptococcus was analyzed based on the time required for sterilization after KR-1 treatment. OBJECTIVE: The MIC of KR-1 and KR-2 for S. mutans was 3.2 µmol/L and 12.8 µmol/L, respectively. Under the effective concentration, KR-1 and KR-2 resulted in hemolysis rates of 0.35% and 48.8% in rabbit red blood cells and lowered the survival rates of gingival fibroblasts to 88.7% and 21.94%, respectively. KR-1 treatment significantly reduced biofilm formation with a minimum biofilm inhibition concentration (MBIC50) lower than 1.92 µmol/L, and showed an even stronger antimicrobial than CHX at the concentration of 2.56 µmol/L (P=0.001). Confocal laser scanning microscopy revealed that the biofilm structure became loosened after KR-1 treatment, which was capable of killing about 90% of the bacteria within 5 min. OBJECTIVE: The antimicrobial peptide KR-1 has a stronger antibacterial activity and a low toxicity with a good inhibitory effect against S. mutans biofilm.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Cárie Dentária , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Biofilmes , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Peptídeos , Coelhos , Streptococcus mutans
14.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(7): 1062-1066, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34308857

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of two vaginal progesterone formulations, Crinone gel or Utrogestan capsules, combined with dydrogesterone tablets, for luteal phase support in pre-implantation genetic testing (PGT) freeze-thaw embryo transfer (FET) cycles. METHODS: We analyzed 209 FET cycles in patients undergoing PGT-blastocyst transfer in our center between June, 2017 and June, 2020. The patients received vaginal administration of either Crinone gel (n=135) or Utrogestan capsules (n=74) combined with oral dydrogesterone tablets for luteal supplementation, and the clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) and miscarriage rate (MR) were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The Crinone gel and Utrogestan capsule groups were comparable for age, duration of infertility, AMH, AFC, BMI, basal FSH, LH, and E2 (P > 0.05). The gonadotrophin dose, duration of stimulation, levels of LH, E2, P and endometrial thickness on hCG day, and the numbers of oocytes retrieved, MII oocytes, 2PN and blastocysts did not differ significantly between two groups (P > 0.05). In FET cycles, no significant differences were observed between the two groups in the duration of endometrial preparation, P and endometrial thickness on endometrial transformation day, biochemical pregnancy rate (69.63% vs 78.38%), CPR (62.96% vs 72.97%), MR (12.94% vs 11.11%), vaginal bleeding rate in early pregnancy (20% vs 27.78%), or MR in patients with vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy (35.29% vs 20%) (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Crinone gel and Utrogestan capsules combined with oral dydrogesterone have similar clinical efficacy for luteal support in PGT FET cycles.


Assuntos
Didrogesterona , Progesterona , Administração Intravaginal , Administração Oral , Transferência Embrionária , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Humanos , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Progesterona/análogos & derivados , Comprimidos
15.
Clin Radiol ; 76(9): 688-695, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134856

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the performance of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and relative ADC (rADC) to differentiate benign from malignant breast lesions using the plateau pattern of the time-intensity curve (Type II TIC), including the impact of lesions-enhancement subtypes and menopausal status of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between September 2016 and December 2019, 408 patients with 169 benign and 239 malignant lesions with Type II TIC underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), including diffusion-weighted imaging, with b-values of 50 and 800 s/mm2. ADC and rADC values were calculated by placing regions of interest (ROIs) on the lesion, the parenchyma of the normal breast, and the pectoralis major muscle. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was generated to compare the diagnostic performance of each parameter in distinguishing between benign and malignant breast lesions. Further classification was undertaken to study the discriminatory performance of each parameter in the different lesions enhancement subtypes (mass-like enhancement [MLE] and non-MLE [NMLE]) and menopausal status of patients (pre-menopausal and post-menopausal). RESULTS: There was a significant difference in the ADC and rADC values between benign and malignant lesions. The sensitivities of lesion ADC, gland rADC, and muscle rADC were 79.29%, 77.51%, and 79.29%, respectively, with specificities of 94.56%, 82.01%, and 94.98%, respectively. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of muscle rADC was the highest (AUC=0.92), especially in the MLE subtype (AUC=0.96), and was not affected by the menopausal status. CONCLUSION: Muscle rADC and lesion ADC assessment improved the diagnostic performance of breast MRI in distinguishing between benign and malignant breast lesions with Type II TIC, especially muscle rADC in the MLE subtype.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tempo
16.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(6): 591-597, 2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098677

RESUMO

Periodontitis is a common chronic infectious oral disease, which is characterized by gingival inflammation,pocket formation, alveolar bone loss and tooth mobility. Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease, whose pathological features in skin lesions are excessive proliferation of epidermal cells, parakeratosis of the derma, and the infiltration of inflammatory cells. Both periodontitis and psoriasis are closely related to the interleukin(IL)-23/helper T cell 17(Th17)/IL-17 axis in their immunopathological mechanisms. The risk factors of psoriasis include smoking, vitamin D deficiency, obesity, emotional stress, etc, of which most factors are also common risk factors of periodontitis. The present article reviews the research advances in the interaction of the two diseases and their possible common mechanisms from three aspects, i.e. clinical study, IL-23/Th17/IL-17 pathway and common risk factors, which may be helpful to provide new ideas for clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Periodontite , Psoríase , Humanos , Interleucinas , Células Th17
18.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(6): 452-458, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102817

RESUMO

Objective: Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) were performed in children with hepatic glycogen storage disease (GSD) to accurately understand the situation of glucose levels during their treatment, and to provide support for optimizing their nutritional management. Methods: In this retrospective research, 42 patients with hepatic GSD who under went 72 h CGM were collected from Department of Pediatrics, Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from October 2019 to January 2020. According to the genetic test results, they were divided into 5 groups: type Ⅰa, type Ⅰb, type Ⅲa, type Ⅵ and type Ⅸa. After long-term follow up and regular treatment, the clinical data (induding course, age, height, weight and biochemical parameters, etc.) on the day of CGM were summarized, and 72 h CGM were performed to assess the occurrence of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia.χ² test, Fisher exact probability method, t test, analysis of variance or nonparametric test were used for comparison between groups. Results: Forty-two cases of hepatic GSD patients included 25 males and 17 females (20 cases of type Ⅰa, 3 cases of type Ⅰb, 10 cases of type Ⅲa, 3 cases of type Ⅵ and 6 cases of type Ⅸa).The age was 9.5 (6.7, 12.9) years, and the course of disease was 6.8 (5.1, 11.3) years. The average levels of glucose of the patients were all normal. However, the levels of standard deviation of blood glucose (SDBG) and mean amplitude of glycemic excursion (MAGE) were significantly different (F=2.747, 3.029,both P<0.05). Among them, the SDBG of type Ⅰa and Ⅲa were significantly higher than those of type Ⅸa ((1.10±0.36), (0.98±0.30) vs. (0.62±0.26) mmol/L, t=3.010, 2.440, both P<0.05), while the MAGE of type Ⅰ was higher than that of Ⅸa and Ⅲa ((2.3±0.9) mmol/L vs. (1.2±0.6) and (1.7±0.6) mmol/L, t=2.734, 2.302, both P<0.05, respectively). Conclusions: CGMS can accurately assess the fluctuations of blood glucose and effectively detect hidden hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia in hepatic GSD patients. For different types of hepatic GSD, individualized corn starch treatment doses should be given according to the different situation of blood glucose, so as to optimize the patient's treatment and improve their prognosis.


Assuntos
Glicemia , Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio , Automonitorização da Glicemia , Criança , Feminino , Glucose , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(6): 610-614, 2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34126729

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the changes of parameters derived from transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) before and after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation, and to evaluate the clinical value of TTE in the perioperative period of LVAD implantation. Methods: This is a retrospective study. The data of patients who underwent LVAD implantation in Fuwai Hospital from January 2018 to December 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The TTE parameters, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and total bilirubin (TBil) before and 1 month after LVAD implantation were collected and analyzed. Results: A total of 12 male patients undergoing LVAD implantation were included in this study. The mean age was (43.3±8.6) years. The left atrial volume index ((41.4±12.8)ml/m2 vs. (74.9±30.7)ml/m2, P<0.001), left ventricular end-diastolic volume index ((152.1±35.3)ml/m2 vs. (205.5±35.7)ml/m2, P<0.001), left ventricular end-systolic volume index ((112.5±27.9)ml/m2 vs. (155.1±29.1)ml/m2, P<0.001), right atrial diameter index ((23.7±3.5)mm/m2 vs. (27.2±5.8)mm/m2, P=0.023), right ventricular internal diameter at end-diastole ((24.6±2.7)mm vs. (30.0±4.8)mm, P<0.001), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion ((11.5±2.9)mm vs. (14.6±2.8)mm, P=0.007), systolic pulmonary arterial pressure ((29.2±4.8) mmHg vs. (55.1±19.3) mmHg, P<0.001, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) were significantly reduced at 1 month post LVAD implantation as compared to before LVAD implantation. The aortic sinus diameter ((33.8±4.7)mm vs. (31.6±5.1)mm, P=0.007), left ventricular ejection fraction ((26.3±3.0)% vs. (23.8±4.4)%, P=0.016), right ventricular fractional area change ((31.0±8.6)% vs. (23.8±5.5)%, P=0.004) at 1 month post LVAD implantation were significantly higher than before LVAD implantation. The degree of mitral and tricuspid regurgitation decreased, and the inspiratory collapse rate of inferior vena cava increased (all P<0.05). NT-proBNP ((1 418.4±812.6)ng/L vs. (5 097.5±3 940.4)ng/L, P=0.004) and TBil ((12.4±5.4)µmol/L vs. (27.5±14.0)µmol/L, P=0.001) decreased significantly at 1 month post LVAD implantation. Conclusions: TTE results show that LVAD could effectively relieve left ventricular load and improve right ventricular function. TTE can monitor the cardiac structural and functional changes during the perioperative period of LVAD implantation, and provide the imaging evidence for clinical evaluation of the therapeutic effect of LVAD.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Coração Auxiliar , Adulto , Ecocardiografia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Perioperatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
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