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1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 191: 996-1005, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597698

RESUMO

In the present study, effects of maturity stage on structural characteristics and biosynthesis/hydrolysis-associated genes expression of glucans from Volvariella volvacea fruit body were well investigated. Elongation and pileus expansion stages decreased total soluble carbohydrate and protein contents to 17.09 mg/g and 8.33 mg/g, and significantly accumulated the total amino acids contents to 32.37 mg/g. Yields of crude polysaccharides significantly increased to 8.12% at egg stage and decreased to 3.72% at pileus expansion stage. Purified VVP I-a and VVP I-b were proved to be α-glucans. The maturity process affected the monosaccharide compositions, decreased the molecular weights of VVP I-a and VVP I-b with decreased transcription levels of glucan biosynthesis-associated enzyme genes vvugp and vvgls and increased glucan hydrolysis-associated glucanase gene vvexg2 expression with no significant effects on backbone structures including glycosidic linkages and configurations. The findings would benefit for understanding change patterns of V. volvacea glucan structures and their biosynthesis/hydrolysis-associated genes expression at maturity stages.

2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 608(Pt 1): 652-661, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628324

RESUMO

The development of functional covalent organic frameworks (COFs) with specific properties is an emerging research field. In the current work, COF-SQ-Ph was synthesized through the aza-Diels-Alder reaction between phenylacetylene and the matrix COF-SQ (triazine-based COF) generated from the organic monomers 2, 4, 6-tris(4-aminophenyl)-1, 3, 5-triazine and 2, 5-dimethoxyterephthalaldehyde in flask. The functionalized COF-SQ-Ph with an extended π-conjugated structure and enhanced structural stability was used as the sulfur loading recipient to prepare sulfur cathodes for lithium-sulfur batteries. Sulfur-impregnated COF-SQ-Ph marked as COF-SQ-Ph-S displayed better cycling stability with a specific capacity of 618 mA h g-1 after 150 cycles due to the lithiophilic interaction between lithium polysulfides and nitrogen atoms from quinoline and triazine moieties in COF-SQ-Ph-S. The functionalization of triazine-based COFs through a cycloaddition reaction in flask could promote the large-scale preparation of tailored COFs and the post-synthesis modification of COF-SQ.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34642879

RESUMO

Macrobrachium rosenbergii is an economically important source of crustacean seafood worldwide. Vibrio parahaemolyticus is an important aquatic pathogen that causes epidemics of acute hepatopancreatic necrosis in shrimp populations, which results in significant economic losses to aquaculture farmers. To prevent the antibiotics abuse, which has become a serious threat to human health, novel anti-infective strategies are urgently required to control V. parahaemolyticus. Antimicrobial peptides, which exhibit favourable germicidal activity compared to traditional antibiotics, can be used as a key method to prevent and treat bacterial diseases. Herein, an antimicrobial peptide, bomidin, was expressed through genetic engineering technology. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of bomidin showed a significant inhibitory effect on V. parahaemolyticus that was equivalent to that of ampicillin. Subsequently, the mechanism of action of recombinant bomidin was explored using PNP and ONPG assays to investigate the effects on membrane permeability. These assays indicated that bomidin penetrated the germ membrane and induced the release of cytoplasmic contents and ultimately interacted with DNA to form a bomidin-DNA complex that inhibits bacterial survival. Transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy revealed that bomidin could cause damage and dysfunction to the cell wall and membrane. Bomidin was nontoxic to mouse red blood cells within a concentration range that was much larger than the MIC. Toxicity assays revealed that 0.02 mg/mL bomidin was safe for use with juvenile freshwater prawns of M. rosenbergii and significantly inhibited the growth of V. parahaemolyticus in cultured water. These results demonstrated that synthetic peptide bomidin had great antibacterial effect against V. parahaemolyticus and therefore a therapeutic potential in aquaculture.

4.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1182: 338948, 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602189

RESUMO

The authors designed a sensitive label-free electrochemical aptasensor for the detection of sulfaquinoxaline (SQX), including the AuPd NPs@UiO-66-NH2/CoSe2 nanocomposites and RecJf exonuclease-assisted target recycle signal amplification strategy. AuPd NPs@UiO-66-NH2/CoSe2 nanocomposite with excellent conductivity and numerous active sites was successfully synthesized to provide a favorable sensing platform and load more double-strand DNA (dsDNA) on the electrode surface. The negatively charged phosphate group of the oligonucleotide and [Fe (CN)6] 3-/4- repel each other electrostatically, resulting in very low electrical signals. In the presence of SQX, its corresponding aptamer will be released from the double-stranded structure and then digested by RecJf exonuclease, which resulted in the SQX being released to initiate the next recycling to help amplify the DPV signal. Under the optimal conditions, the peak current has a linear relationship with the logarithmic of SQX concentration in the range of 1 pg/mL∼100 ng/mL and the obtained detection limit was 0.547 pg/mL. Furthermore, the contrasted aptasensor possess reliable specificity, reproducibility and stability toward SQX, and has been applied to detect SQX in pork samples with a satisfied recovery varied from 94.40% to 95.98%.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Condutividade Elétrica , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Exonucleases , Limite de Detecção , Oligonucleotídeos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sulfaquinoxalina
5.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34685053

RESUMO

A non-iterative method is presented to accurately extract the five parameters of single diode model of solar cells in this paper. This method overcomes the problems of complexity and accuracy by simplifying the calculation process. Key parts of the equation are to be adjusted dynamically so that the desired five parameters can be obtained from the I-V curve. Then, the I-V and P-V characteristic curves of solar cells are used to compare the effectiveness of this method with other methods. Furthermore, the root mean square error analysis shows that this method is more applicable than other methods. Finally, the I-V and P-V characteristics simulated by using the extracted parameters in this method are compared and discussed with the experimental data of solar cells under different conditions. In fact, this extraction process can be regarded as an effective and accurate method to estimate solar cells' single diode model parameters.

6.
Food Chem ; 372: 131249, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634587

RESUMO

Nowadays, computational approaches have drawn more and more attention when exploring the relationship between sweetness and chemical structure instead of traditional experimental tests. In this work, we proposed a novel multi-layer sweetness evaluation system based on machine learning methods. It can be used to evaluate sweet properties of compounds with different chemical spaces and categories, including natural, artificial, carbohydrate, non-carbohydrate, nutritive and non-nutritive ones, suitable for different application scenarios. Furthermore, it provided quantitative predictions of sweetness. In addition, sweetness-related chemical basis and structure transforming rules were obtained by using molecular cloud and matched molecular pair analysis (MMPA) methods. This work systematically improved the data quality, explored the best machine learning algorithm and molecular characterizing strategy, and finally obtained robust models to establish a multi-layer prediction system (available at: https://github.com/ifyoungnet/ChemSweet). We hope that this study could facilitate food scientists with efficient screening and precise development of high-quality sweeteners.

7.
Environ Int ; 158: 106927, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34673316

RESUMO

Animal farms have been considered as the critical reservoir of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB). Spread of antibiotic resistance from animal farms to the surrounding environments via aerosols has become a growing concern. Here we investigated the dispersal pattern and exposure risk of airborne ARGs (especially in zoonotic pathogens) in the environment of chicken and dairy farms. Aerosol, dust and animal feces samples were collected from the livestock houses and surrounding environments (upwind and downwind areas) for assessing ARG profiles. Antibiotic resistance phenotype and genotype of airborne Staphylococcus spp. was especially analyzed to reveal the exposure risk of airborne ARGs. Results showed that airborne ARGs were detected from upwind (50 m/100 m) and downwind (50 m/100 m/150 m) air environment, wherein at least 30% of bacterial taxa dispersed from the animal houses. Moreover, atmospheric dispersion modeling showed that airborne ARGs can disperse from the animal houses to a distance of 10 km along the wind direction. Clinically important pathogens were identified in airborne culturable bacteria. Genus of Staphylococcus, Sphingomonas and Acinetobacter were potential bacterial host of airborne ARGs. Airborne Staphylococcus spp. were isolated from the environment of chicken farm (n = 148) and dairy farm (n = 87). It is notable that all isolates from chicken-related environment were multidrug-resistance (>3 clinical-relevant antibiotics), with more than 80% of them carrying methicillin resistance gene (mecA) and associated ARGs and MGEs. Presence of numerous ARGs and diverse pathogens in dust from animal houses and the downwind residential areas indicated the accumulation of animal feces origin ARGs in bioaerosols. Employees and local residents in the chick farming environment are exposed to chicken originated ARGs and multidrug resistant Staphylococcus spp. via inhalation. This study highlights the potential exposure risks of airborne ARGs and antibiotic resistant pathogens to human health.

8.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 720605, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540920

RESUMO

Background: Invasive blood pressure (IBP) measurement is common in the intensive care unit, although its association with in-hospital mortality in critically ill patients with hypertension is poorly understood. Methods and Results: A total of 11,732 critically ill patients with hypertension from the eICU-Collaborative Research Database (eICU-CRD) were enrolled. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to whether they received IBP. The primary outcome in this study was in-hospital mortality. Propensity score matching (PSM) and inverse probability of treatment weighing (IPTW) models were used to balance the confounding covariates. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between IBP measurement and hospital mortality. The IBP group had a higher in-hospital mortality rate than the no IBP group in the primary cohort [238 (8.7%) vs. 581 (6.5%), p < 0.001]. In the PSM cohort, the IBP group had a lower in-hospital mortality rate than the no IBP group [187 (8.0%) vs. 241 (10.3%), p = 0.006]. IBP measurement was associated with lower in-hospital mortality in the PSM cohort (odds ratio, 0.73, 95% confidence interval, 0.59-0.92) and in the IPTW cohort (odds ratio, 0.81, 95% confidence interval, 0.67-0.99). Sensitivity analyses showed similar results in the subgroups with high body mass index and no sepsis. Conclusions: In conclusion, IBP measurement was associated with lower in-hospital mortality in critically ill patients with hypertension, highlighting the importance of IBP measurement in the intensive care unit.

9.
Mol Med Rep ; 24(5)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468010

RESUMO

Cervical cancer is a serious gynecological cancer and one of the primary causes of mortality in female patients with cancer. Despite advances in cancer research, the molecular mechanism underlying cancer remains poorly understood. High levels of MIR9­3 host gene (HG) are associated with the occurrence and development of cervical cancer. However, the specific role of MIR9­3HG during the development of cervical cancer is unclear. In the present study, the expression of MIR9­3HG was silenced in C33A and SiHa cervical cancer cell lines. Proliferation and apoptosis were measured in these cells using 5­ethynyl­2'­deoxyuridine assay and flow cytometry, respectively. In addition, targeting microRNAs (miRs) of MIR9­3HG and mRNAs of miR­498 were predicted using public databases. The predicted interactions between these molecules were validated using RNA immunoprecipitation, RNA pull­down and luciferase reporter assays. Lastly, C33A cells transfected with short hairpin MIR­3HG alone or in combination with miR­498 inhibitor or PC­EP300 were subcutaneously injected into mice. The levels of miR­498, EP300 and Ki67 in tumor tissue were measured via reverse transcription­quantitative PCR or western blotting. MIR9­3HG knockdown inhibited the proliferation of cervical cancer cells, whilst promoting apoptosis. MIR9­3HG sponged miR­498 and inhibited its expression. Additionally, miR­498 interacted with EP300 and inhibited its expression. Transfection with miR­498 inhibitor significantly decreased apoptosis levels; this effect was abolished following EP300 silencing in vitro. In vivo, both miR­498 inhibition and EP300 overexpression reversed the inhibition of tumor growth mediated by MIR­3HG knockdown. MIR9­3HG promoted the proliferation cervical cancer cells via EP300 and miR­498. These in vitro and in vivo findings demonstrate the regulatory role of the MIR9­3HG/miR­498/EP300 axis in cervical cancer cell growth. Thus, the present study identified novel molecular targets for the diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer and provided new insight into the pathogenesis of cervical cancer.

10.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 16: 2445-2454, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34483657

RESUMO

Background: COPD at high altitude may have different risk factors and unique clinical and radiological phenotypes. We aimed to investigate the demographic data, clinical and radiological features of COPD patients permanently residing at the Tibet Plateau (≥3000 meters above sea level). Methods: We conducted an observational cross-sectional study which consecutively enrolled COPD patients visiting the outpatient of Respiratory Medicine at Tibet Autonomous Region People's Hospital from January 2018 to March 2021. All patients were Tibetan permanent residents aging ≥40 years and met the diagnosis of COPD according to Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines. Data including demographic characteristics, altitude of residence, risk factors, respiratory symptoms, comorbidities and medications, as well as computed tomography (CT) measurements were collected. Results: Eighty-four patients with definite COPD were enrolled for analysis. Their mean age was 64.7 (±9.1) years. All patients lived at ≥3000 m above sea level and 34.5% of them lived at ≥4000 m. About 8.3% of the patients were current smokers and 44.0% were ex-smokers. Up to 88.1% of the patients reported long-term exposure to indoor biomass fuels. Most of the patients were classified as having mild-to-moderate (GOLD I: 27.4%; GOLD II: 51.2%) COPD, while 89.3% had a CAT score ≥10. Only 36.9% of the patients received regular long-term medications for COPD in the past year, in whom ICS/LABA and oral theophylline were the most common used pharmacological therapy. On CT scanning, the majority of our patients (70.7%) showed no or minimal emphysema, while signs of previous tuberculosis were found in 45.1% of the patients. Conclusion: COPD patients living at the Tibet Plateau had a heavy respiratory symptom burden, but most of them did not receive adequate pharmacological treatment. Indoor biomass fuel exposure and previous tuberculosis were prevalent, while the emphysema phenotype was less common in this population.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Enfisema Pulmonar , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Tibet
11.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e049581, 2021 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489283

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of four different primary screening strategies: high-risk factor questionnaire (HRFQ) alone, single immunochemical faecal occult blood test (iFOBT), double iFOBT and HRFQ+double iFOBT for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening compared with no screening using the Markov model. METHODS: Treeage Pro V.2011 software was used to simulate the Markov model. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio, which was compared with the willingness-to-pay (WTP) threshold, was used to reflect the cost-effectiveness of the CRC screening method. One-way sensitivity analysis and probabilistic sensitivity analysis were used for parameter uncertainty. RESULTS: All strategies had greater effectiveness because they had more quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) than no screening. When the WTP was ¥435 762/QALY, all screening strategies were cost-effective compared with no screening. The double iFOBT strategy was the best-buy option compared with all other strategies because it had the most QALYs and the least cost. One-way sensitivity analysis showed that the sensitivity of low-risk adenoma, compliance with colonoscopy and primary screening cost were the main influencing factors comparing single iFOBT, double iFOBT and HRFQ+double iFOBT with no screening. However, within the scope of this study, there was no fundamental impact on cost-effectiveness. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis showed that when the WTP was ¥435 762/QALY, the probabilities of the cost-effectiveness acceptability curve with HRFQ alone, single iFOBT, double iFOBT and HRFQ+double iFOBT were 0.0%, 5.3%, 69.3% and 25.4%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: All screening strategies for CRC were cost-effective compared with no screening strategy. Double iFOBT was the best-buy option compared with all other strategies. The significant influencing factors were the sensitivity of low-risk polyps, compliance with colonoscopy and cost of primary screening.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , China , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Cadeias de Markov , Programas de Rastreamento , Sangue Oculto , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida
12.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 126183, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492954

RESUMO

In this work, a modified g-C3N4/MgZnAl-calcined layered double hydroxide composite (M-CN/cLDH) was successfully fabricated via a template method. The composite material is a hierarchical porous flower-like nanostructure self-assembled from stacked hybrid flakes. The 3D M-CN/cLDH architectures exhibit a synergistic effect of adsorption and photocatalysis for eliminating typical tetracycline antibiotics in seawater, i.e., oxytetracycline (OTC), tetracycline (TC), chlortetracycline (CTC), and doxycycline (DXC). The synergistic removal rate of OTC in seawater of M-CN/cLDH is 2.73 times higher than that of g-C3N4 after 120 min of visible-light illumination, and M-CN/cLDH also performs better adsorption-photocatalytic degradation on OTC in the continuous flow reaction process. The superior adsorption capability of the M-CN/cLDH is attributed to the open porous structures of cLDH, and its excellent photocatalytic degradation activity is ascribed to the closely bonded heterojunctions between g-C3N4 (CN) and cLDH double layers. The mass spectra reveals the degradation pathways of OTC, and its byproducts are less toxic after degradation for 120 min. The exploration of the M-CN/cLDH in synthetic mariculture wastewater suggested a huge potential for its practical application. With the assistance of magnesium ammonium phosphate (MAP) precipitation pretreatment, the material can effectively retain the high OTC removal rate in the synthetic mariculture wastewater circumstance.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Águas Residuárias , Adsorção , Catálise , Porosidade , Água do Mar
13.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18338, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526554

RESUMO

Jianpi Qushi Heluo Formula (JQHF) is an empirical traditional Chinese medicine prescription for treating Membranous Nephropathy (MN) clinically in China. The therapeutic effect of JQHF has been reported in our previous studies. However, the exact mechanism is still unknown. In this study, by establishing an experimental rat model of MN induced by Sheep anti-rat Fx1A serum, we evaluated the effects of JQHF and Tetrandrine (TET), and Benazepril was used as a positive control. As an autophagy agonist, TET is one of the most active components in JQHF. After 4 weeks, significant kidney damage was observed in the rats in the Model group; comparatively, JQHF markedly decreased 24 h urinary protein, Total Cholesterol (TC), and increased serum total Albumin (ALB). Histology showed that JQHF caused significant improvements in glomerular hyperplasia, renal tubular damage, IgG immune complex deposition, and the ultrastructure of mitochondria in MN rats. Flow cytometry analysis showed that treatment with JQHF reduced the level of reactive oxygen species and apoptosis rate, and upregulated mitochondrial membrane potential. Western blot analysis demonstrated that JQHF could protect against mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis by upregulating the expression of PINK1, Mitochondrial Parkin, and LC3-II/I, downregulating the expression of Cytoplasmic Parkin, P62, Cytochrome c, and Caspase-3 in the kidneys of MN rats. From images of co-immunofluorescence, it is observed significantly increase in the co-localization of PINK1 and Parkin, as well as LC3 and mitochondria. Similarly, TET treatment significantly upregulated the mitochondrial autophagy and reduced apoptosis in rats after 4 weeks compared with the model group. Comparatively, the ability of JQHF to alleviate renal damage was significantly higher than those of Benazepril and TET. It was demonstrated that JQHF could delay pathology damage to the kidney and hold back from the progression of MN by inhibiting apoptosis and upregulating the mitochondrial autophagy by PINK1/Parkin pathways.

14.
Int J Public Health ; 66: 1603988, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34552461

RESUMO

Objectives: The present study aimed to correlate relationships between systemic family dynamics and mental health and to explore family factors that influence adolescent mental health in Shaanxi Province, China. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted to sample adolescents aged 12-23 using a questionnaire including Self-rating Scale of Systemic Family Dynamics, Symptom Checklist-90 Revised, and general demographic. Results: More educated parents in white-collar employment and higher family income were associated with better mental health and better family dynamic scores. The total score of family dynamics was positively correlated with mental health scores. The generalized linear mixed model found that poorer mental health was associated with increased age, being in senior high school, having a father in a blue-collar profession, and SSFD square. The structural equation modelling suggested that this is largely a mediated effect via those characteristics impacting family dynamics, which in turn affect mental health. Conclusion: Family dynamics may be an important contributor to adolescent mental health. Education and interventions aimed at improving family dynamics may be useful for reducing the prevalence of mental health problems amongst adolescents.


Assuntos
Relações Familiares , Transtornos Mentais , Estudantes , Adolescente , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
15.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 1304-1312, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468276

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported the combination of intracavity or cervical lymph node hyperthermia with chemoradiotherapy (CRT) to improve clinical outcomes in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), but the combination with whole-body hyperthermia (WBH) for treating NPC is unexplored. We aimed to assess the efficacy of the combination of radiotherapy, chemotherapy and WBH in patients with locoregionally advanced NPC. METHODS: Between July 2008 and November 2012, 239 newly diagnosed NPC patients were enrolled in a pre-propensity score-matched cohort, including 193 patients who received CRT (CRT group) and 46 who underwent CRT with WBH (HCRT group). The feasibility and clinical outcomes of both groups were evaluated and toxicities assessed. Survival rates were assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank test and Cox regression. RESULTS: Following propensity score matching, 46 patients from each group were included. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 65.2% in the CRT group and 80.3% in the HCRT group (p=.027). In contrast, the other survival outcomes at 5 years were similar between the groups: locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRRFS), 74.7% vs. 87.6% (p=.152); distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), 67.4% vs. 77.9% (p=.125); and progression-free survival (PFS), 53.1% vs. 69.2% (p=.115). In the multivariate analyses, the only two independent predictors of OS were clinical stage and HCRT. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that WBH, when combined with CRT, can improve the OS of patients with advanced NPC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Quimiorradioterapia , Humanos , Hipertermia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Asian J Surg ; 44(10): 1324-1325, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34548220

RESUMO

It is very necessary for patients with liver cancer to reasonably apply the prediction method of liver failure after hepatectomy before liver surgery. Liver surgeons can benefit greatly from clinical activities.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática , Falência Hepática , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Falência Hepática/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco
17.
Environ Res ; 204(Pt A): 112011, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492276

RESUMO

Human brain has a complex structure and is able to perform powerful functions. Blood-brain barrier blocks the entry of foreign substances and maintains the homeostasis of the brain. However, some exogenous substances are still able to pass through the blood-brain barrier, with distribution patterns yet to be clarified. Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), including perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (PFCAs), perfluoroalkyl sulfonic acids (PFSAs), a precursor (perfluorooctane sulfonamide that can be degraded to other substances), and emerging PFASs, were analyzed for the first time in living human brain glioma. The target compounds were detected and quantified in 25 out of 26 glioma samples. The concentration range of ∑PFAS was < RL-51 ng g-1 wet weight (applied to all reported concentrations), with a median of 2.9 ng g-1. The most abundant compound was PFCAs (40%), followed by PFSAs (28%), emerging PFASs (22%), and perfluorooctane sulfonamide (10%). Abundant alternatives PFASs, including short-chain PFCAs, short-chain PFSAs, and emerging PFASs (52% of ∑PFAS), were found in the glioma samples, supporting the notion that low molecular weight exogenous compounds have high permeability to cross the blood-brain barrier and accumulate in brain tissue. Gender difference was not significant (p > 0.05) in the concentrations of PFASs in the glioma samples. Concentrations of PFASs increased with increasing age, from 0.61 ng g-1 (0-14 years old) to 1.6 ng g-1 (>48 years old), with no significant linear correlation with age. The present study suggested that glioma is an effective indicator for monitoring exogenous contaminants in brain tissues.

18.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 1): 150263, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34571218

RESUMO

Microplastics (MPs) are ubiquitous in various environment compartments, including food. Here, we collected research reports of MPs in food published during 2010-2020, and summarized the analytical methods developed and utilized by researchers (e.g., digestion, separation and identification, as well as related QA/QC measures implemented), the occurrence, and the characteristics of MPs in six kinds of food. The potential effects on biota from exposure to MPs were also reviewed. The results showed that most researchers digested food samples using chemical solutions such as HNO3, H2O2, KOH, or NaOH. FT-IR and Raman spectroscopy were the main technique for identifying MPs, and microscopes were used to count MP particles. The abundances MPs were in the ranges of 0-5860, 2.00-1100, 0-698, 4.00-18.7, 0-5.68 × 104 and 900-3000 particles/kg in beverages, condiments, honey, meat, seafood and vegetables, respectively. The "maximum" annual human intake of MPs from these foods is approximately 1.42 × 105-1.54 × 105 particles/capita, equivalent to the consumption of 50 plastic bags (size: 0.04 mm × 250 mm × 400 mm, density: 0.98 g/cm3) each year. Blue-colored and fiber-shaped MP particles were the most commonly observed in food, predominated by PA, PE, PES, PET and PP types. Toxicity studies indicated that MPs, additives of MPs and adsorbents or microorganisms on the surfaces of MPs were all somewhat toxic to cells or biota. Exposure to MPs may induce oxidative stress, inflammation, neurotoxicity, and reproductive toxicity, and change the structure of intestinal microflora in cells or biota. Therefore, we call for more investigation into the residual, excretion and bioavailability of MPs or related absorbents/additives in biota and humans.

19.
Bioelectrochemistry ; 142: 107934, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474206

RESUMO

A novel competitive-type electrochemical immunosensor based on square wave voltammetry (SWV) response was developed for the quantitative detection of 1-Aminohydantoin (AHD). To improve the conductivity of this immunosensor nanocomposites with good electrical conductivity were prepared as a signal amplification platform for the immunosensor by growing Au nanoparticles on the surface of Ce-based metal-organic framework (Ce-MOF). In addition, methylene blue (MB)-loaded Au@Pt and coating antigen (OVA-AHD) connected as a signal label. When the target was introduced, it competed with the coating antigen for the Ab, which led to a reduction in the number of signal probes bound to the Ab. The concentration of AHD can be determined by SWV detection of the MB signal loaded on the signal labels. Under optimal conditions, the wide linear range of 0.001-1000 µg /L and a low detection limit of 1.35 × 10-7 µg/L were achieved. Ultimately, the developed method displayed excellent specificity in practical applications, providing a promising probability to detect nitrofuran metabolites residues to guarantee food safety.

20.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt A): 127169, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592597

RESUMO

Airborne particulate matter (PM) has been linked to cardiovascular diseases, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear, especially at realistic exposure levels. In this study, both male and female BALB/c mice were employed to assess vascular homeostasis following a standard urban particulate matter, PM SRM1648a, via oropharyngeal aspiration at three environmentally relevant concentrations. The tested indicators included histopathological observation and lipid deposition, as well as redox biology and inflammatory responses. Furthermore, endothelial monolayer, vascular cell apoptosis and subcellular function were assessed to decipher whether episodic PM SRM1648a exposure leads to vascular damage after multiple periods of treatment, including subacute (4 weeks) and subchronic (8 weeks) durations. As a result, PM aspiration caused thickening of airways, leukocytes infiltration and adhesion to alveoli, with the spot of particles engulfed by pulmonary macrophages. Meanwhile, it induced local and systemic oxidative stress and inflammation, but limited pathological changes were captured throughout aortic tissues after either subacute or subchronic treatment. Furthermore, even in the absence of aortic impairment, vascular cell equilibrium has been disturbed by the characteristics of endothelial monolayer disintegration and cell apoptosis. Mechanistically, PM SRM1648a activated molecular markers of ER stress (BIP) and mitochondrial dynamics (DRP1) at both transcriptional and translational levels, which were strongly correlated to ox-inflammation and could serve as early checkpoints of hazardous events. In summary, our data basically indicate that episodic exposure of BALB/c mice to PM SRM1648a exerts limited effects on vascular histopathological alterations, but induces vascular cell apoptosis and subcellular dysfunction, to which local and systemic redox biology and inflammation are probably correlated.

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