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1.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 17-29, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32021162

RESUMO

Background: Honokiol has been reported to possess anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective activities. However, the poor aqueous solubility of honokiol limits its clinical application for systemic administration. Purpose: This study aims to develop a novel formulation of nanosome-encapsulated honokiol (NHNK) for intravenous therapy against mouse experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) that mimics human multiple sclerosis. Methods: Nanosomes and NHNK were prepared by using an ultra-high pressure homogenization (UHPH) method. Mice were treated with NHNK or empty nanosomes during the peak phase of EAE symptoms. Symptoms of EAE were monitored and samples of the spinal cord were obtained for histopathological examinations. Results: The stock of NHNK containing honokiol in the nanosome formulation, which showed the structure of single phospholipid bilayer membranes, was well formulated with the particle size of 48.0 ± 0.1 nm and the encapsulation efficiency 58.1 ± 4.2%. Intravenous administration of NHNK ameliorated the severity of EAE accompanied by a significant reduction of demyelination and inflammation in the spinal cord. Furthermore, NHNK decreased the number of IL-6+, Iba-1+TNF +, Iba-1+IL-12 p40+, and CD3+IFN-γ+ cells infiltrating the spinal cord. Conclusion: The UHPH method simplified the preparation of NHNK with uniformly distributed nanosize and high encapsulation efficiency. Intravenous administration of NHNK ameliorated the severity of EAE by suppressing the infiltration of activated microglia and Th1 cells into the spinal cord. Collectively, these results suggest that the formulation of NHNK is a prospective therapeutic approach for inflammatory CNS diseases, such as multiple sclerosis.

2.
Thorac Cancer ; 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related death among all human cancers and the five-year survival rates are only 23%. The precise molecular mechanisms of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are still unknown. The aim of this study was to identify and validate the key genes with prognostic value in lung tumorigenesis. METHODS: Four GEO datasets were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Common differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were selected for Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis and Gene Ontology enrichment analysis. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks were constructed using the STRING database and visualized by Cytoscape software and Molecular Complex Detection (MCODE) were utilized to PPI network to pick out meaningful DEGs. Hub genes, filtered from the CytoHubba, were validated using the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis database. The expressions and prognostic values of hub genes were carried out through Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) and Kaplan-Meier plotter. Finally, quantitative PCR and the Oncomine database were used to verify the differences in the expression of hub genes in lung cancer cells and tissues. RESULTS: A total of 121 DEGs (49 upregulated and 72 downregulated) were identified from four datasets. The PPI network was established with 121 nodes and 588 protein pairs. Finally, AURKA, KIAA0101, CDC20, MKI67, CHEK1, HJURP, and OIP5 were selected by Cytohubba, and they all correlated with worse overall survival (OS) in NSCLC. CONCLUSION: The results showed that AURKA, KIAA0101, CDC20, MKI67, CHEK1, HJURP, and OIP5 may be critical genes in the development and prognosis of NSCLC. KEY POINTS: Our results indicated that AURKA, KIAA0101, CDC20, MKI67, CHEK1, HJURP, and OIP5 may be critical genes in the development and prognosis of NSCLC. Our methods showed a new way to explore the key genes in cancer development.

3.
Steroids ; : 108594, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32068077

RESUMO

Five cholic acid derivatives (including allo-ω-muricholic acid and CDCA) were synthesized from hyodeoxycholic acid via selective oxidation of C3- or C6-hydroxyl groups by IBX and NBS oxidants and stereocontrolled conversion. The hydroxyl group could be introduced through hydrolyzing α-Br keto with K2CO3 aqueous solution or through oxidizing the double bond by monoperoxyphthalic acid. The reduction of C6-O6 carbonyl to methylene could undergo with PTSH, NaBH3CN and ZnCl2 only at 5ß configuration. A feasible synthetic route of CDCA from HDCA has been established to avoid the epimerization with the yield of 45 % (8 steps). These strategies provided good yields, stereoselectivity and reproducibility for the preparation of cholic acid derivates and CDCA.

4.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 1466, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001758

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression and biological processes through binding to messenger RNAs. Predicting the relationship between miRNAs and their targets is crucial for research and clinical applications. Many tools have been developed to predict miRNA-target interactions, but variable results among the different prediction tools have caused confusion for users. To solve this problem, we developed miRgo, an application that integrates many of these tools. To train the prediction model, extreme values and median values from four different data combinations, which were obtained via an energy distribution function, were used to find the most representative dataset. Support vector machines were used to integrate 11 prediction tools, and numerous feature types used in these tools were classified into six categories-binding energy, scoring function, evolution evidence, binding type, sequence property, and structure-to simplify feature selection. In addition, a novel evaluation indicator, the Chu-Hsieh-Liang (CHL) index, was developed to improve the prediction power in positive data for feature selection. miRgo achieved better results than all other prediction tools in evaluation by an independent testing set and by its subset of functionally important genes. The tool is available at http://predictor.nchu.edu.tw/miRgo.

5.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 89, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We compared the efficacy and toxicity of three IC regimens (TPF: taxanes, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil; TP: taxanes and cisplatin; and PF: cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil) followed by CCRT in locoregionally advanced NPC. METHODS: The retrospective study involved 1354 patients with newly diagnosed stage III-IVA NPC treated with IC and CCRT. The median follow-up time in our cohort was 50 months. Based on EBV DNA level, all the patients with stage IV were divided into low- (pre-EBV DNA < 1500 copies) and high-risk group (pre-EBV DNA ≥ 1500 copies). Progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), locoregional relapse free survival (LRFS), distant metastasis free survival (DMFS) and grade 3-4 toxicities were compared among different IC regimens. The survival rates were compared using log-rank test and a Cox proportional hazards model was used to perform multivariate analyses. RESULTS: A multivariate analysis revealed TPF to be more effective than TP. Among stage III patients, no significant difference in clinical outcome between the different IC regimens was showed, while TPF was associated with significantly better survival conditions in the stage IV patients. A further subgroup analysis revealed that only patients with pre-EBV DNA ≥ 1500 copies could benefit from the application of TPF among stage IV NPC. In terms of acute toxicities, PF was associated with fewer grade 3/4 acute toxicities. CONCLUSIONS: In low-risk NPC patients, PF-based IC showed similar efficacy as TPF and TP but was associated with fewer grade 3/4 acute toxicities. In high-risk patients, however, the TPF regimen was superior to PF and TP, although grade 3/4 toxicities were more common with the TPF regimen.

6.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 1725, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32015418

RESUMO

Recent evidence suggests that enhanced protease-mediated inflammation may promote insulin resistance and result in diabetes. This study tested the hypothesis that serine protease plays a pivotal role in type 2 diabetes, and inhibition of serine protease activity prevents hyperglycemia in diabetic animals by modulating insulin signaling pathway. We conducted a single-center, cross-sectional study with 30 healthy controls and 57 patients with type 2 diabetes to compare plasma protease activities and inflammation marker between groups. Correlations of plasma total and serine protease activities with variables were calculated. In an in-vivo study, LDLR-/- mice were divided into normal chow diet, high-fat diet (HFD), and HFD with selective serine protease inhibition groups to examine the differences of obesity, blood glucose level, insulin resistance and serine protease activity among groups. Compared with controls, diabetic patients had significantly increased plasma total protease, serine protease activities, and also elevated inflammatory cytokines. Plasma serine protease activity was positively correlated with body mass index, hemoglobin A1c, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), tumor necrosis factor-α, and negatively with adiponectin concentration. In the animal study, administration of HFD progressively increased body weight, fasting glucose level, HOMA-IR, and upregulated serine protease activity. Furthermore, in-vivo serine protease inhibition significantly suppressed systemic inflammation, reduced fasting glucose level, and improved insulin resistance, and these effects probably mediated by modulating insulin receptor and cytokine expression in visceral adipose tissue. Our findings support the serine protease may play an important role in type 2 diabetes and suggest a rationale for a therapeutic strategy targeting serine protease for clinical prevention of type 2 diabetes.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024022

RESUMO

A typical informal landfill in a rainy area of southern China was taken as an example in this study. The comprehensive control ideas and processes of the informal landfill site were systematically reviewed. The basic situation for the early stage of the government survey and investigation was provided, including a waste stock survey, water volume measurement, and a waste source survey. The main contents and key factors of a comprehensive investigation of the environmental quality status were briefly summarized. The water quality in the landfill, groundwater quality inside and outside of the site, and heavy metals in the bottom sediment were all determined. A low-cost practical landfill technology was explored to reduce the Chemical Oxygen Demand CODCr concentration of polyaluminum ferric chloride (PAFC), and NH4+-N was removed by calcium hypochlorite. Soil backfill was replaced, such that the informal landfill site was immobilized, which was perfectly suitable for this southern rainy area. This study proposes rules for a comprehensive improvement scheme for a landfill, and provides a reliable theoretical basis and practical experience for the treatment of similar informal landfills.

8.
J Pediatr Surg ; 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymphatic malformations are common congenital vascular lesions. Neither surgical resection nor other surgical treatments have been found to be effective for invasive cases. Recent research has suggested that sirolimus is effective in treating complex lymphatic malformations (LMs). We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of oral sirolimus for children living with LMs in our hospital. METHODS: Fifty-six cases of complex LMs treated with sirolimus were collected from Shanghai Children's Medical Centre between June 2016 and March 2019. All cases were confirmed either by pathology (44) or enhanced MRI (12). Following informed consent, sirolimus 0.8 mg/m2 bid was administered orally to participants and maintained at a trough concentration of 10-15 ng/ml. Children's ages at diagnosis were neonate to 16 years (mean 44.3 months). All children were followed up for 5 to 30 months, with a mean of 16.8 months. RESULTS: During the follow-up period, blood, liver and kidney function as well as disseminated intravascular coagulation was regularly reviewed in all 56 children. Enhanced MRI was regularly performed to evaluate therapeutic effects. Total effective rate (complete response or partial response) of LMs was 89.3% (50/56). No serious adverse reactions were found. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that sirolimus is effective and tolerable for decreasing lesions in children with complex LMs, leading to fewer and more tolerable side effects. There is no need to pursue an excision rate to reduce unnecessary operative complications since adjuvant sirolimus therapy modifies the complex LMs clinical appearance and alleviates their symptoms. TYPE OF STUDY: Clinical research. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV.

9.
Br J Cancer ; 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chemoresistance remains a critical event that accounts for colorectal cancer (CRC) lethality. The aim of this study is to explore the ability of dichloroacetate (DCA) to increase chemosensitivity in CRC and the molecular mechanisms involved. METHODS: The effects of combination treatment of DCA and oxaliplatin (L-OHP) were analysed both in vitro and in vivo. The DCA-responsive proteins in AMPK pathway were enriched using proteomic profiling technology. The effect of DCA on CAB39-AMPK signal pathway was analysed. In addition, miRNA expression profiles after DCA treatment were determined. The DCA-responsive miRNAs that target CAB39 were assayed. Alterations of CAB39 and miR-107 expression were performed both in vitro and on xenograft models to identify miR-107 that targets CAB39-AMPK-mTOR signalling pathway. RESULTS: DCA increased L-OHP chemosensitivity both in vivo and in vitro. DCA could upregulate CAB39 expression, which activates the AMPK/mTOR signalling pathway. CAB39 was confirmed to be a direct target of miR-107 regulated by DCA. Alterations of miR-107 expression were correlated with chemoresistance development in CRC both in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the miR-107 induces chemoresistance through CAB39-AMPK-mTOR pathway in CRC cells, thus providing a promising target for overcoming chemoresistance in CRC.

10.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 21(1): 87-92, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898445

RESUMO

Non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA), which is defined as the absence of spermatozoa in the ejaculate secondary to impaired spermatogenesis within the testis, may be caused by a variety of etiologies, including varicocele-induced testicular damage, cryptorchidism, prior testicular torsion, post-pubertal mumps orchitis, gonadotoxic effects from medications, genetic abnormalities, chemotherapy/radiation, and other unknown causes currently classified as idiopathic (Cocuzza et al., 2013). The microdissection testicular sperm extraction (micro-TESE) technique involves a meticulous microsurgical exploration of the testicular parenchyma to identify and selectively extract larger seminiferous tubules that carry a higher probability of complete spermatogenesis (Schlegel, 1999). The Cornell group evaluated the efficacy of micro-TESE in 152 NOA patients with an associated history of cryptorchidism. In their series, spermatozoa were successfully retrieved in 116/181 attempts (64%), and the resulting pregnancy rate was 50% with a delivery rate of 38% (Dabaja and Schlegel, 2013). Franco et al. (2016) described a stepwise micro-TESE approach in NOA patients, which was considered to reduce the cost, time, and effort associated with the surgery. Alrabeeah et al. (2016) further reported that a mini-incision micro-TESE, carried through a 1-cm equatorial testicular incision, can be useful for micro-TESE candidates, particularly in patients with cryptozoospermia. We conducted a retrospective study of 20 consecutive NOA patients with a history of orchidopexy from May 2015 to March 2017.

11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(5): 5520-5530, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31891473

RESUMO

Radiotherapy (RT) is one of the most widely used cancer treatments in the clinical setting, while hypoxia-associated resistance often occurs. Herein, a PEGylated TaOx-based oxygen-carrying nanoplatform was constructed for triple sensitizing tumor radiotherapy. The high-Z element based hollow mesoporous TaOx nanospheres were prepared following the in situ growth of ultrasmall CuS nanocrystals and then packaged with O2-saturated perfluoropentane (PFP). NIR laser-triggered mild hyperthermia would lead to the increase of intratumoral blood flow, together with the release of O2, the radiotherapeutic efficiency would be enhanced. Alternatively, radiant energy would be deposited inside the tumor by the Ta element, therefore triple sensitization of radiotherapy could be achieved. The in vivo studies showed that the as-prepared nanospheres could achieve almost total inhibition of tumor growth without obvious side effects, which provides new possibilities for multisensitizing tumor radiotherapy.

12.
Fitoterapia ; 141: 104481, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954179

RESUMO

In this study, seven previously undescribed steroidal glycoalkaloids, compounds 1-7, were isolated from Solanum lyratum, along with two known ones (8 and 9). Comprehensive spectroscopy techniques were used to determine their structures. Although 1-8 only showed a weak inhibitory effect on the proliferation of the tumor-derived vascular endothelial cells, however, in a former study we found both total steroidal glycoalkaloids from Solanum lyratum (TSGS) and 9 significantly inhibited tumor angiogenesis and its mechanism was linked to its ability to interfere with cell membrane lipid rafts. Lipid rafts are closely related to the functions of tumor-derived exosomes, a vital factor in cancer progression. Thus, we investigated the impacts of TSGS and 9 on the functions of A549-derived exosomes. Our results indicated that A549-derived exosomes can significantly enhance the angiogenesis abilities of human umbilical vein endothelial cells, whereas the intervention of TSGS or 9 significantly inhibited this activity of A549-derived exosomes. These findings suggest that TSGS and 9 exert anti-tumor angiogenesis by inhibiting the pro-angiogenic activity of A549-derived exosomes.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957620

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays critical roles during development of the central and peripheral nervous systems, as well as in neuronal survival after injury. Although proBDNF induces neuronal apoptosis after injury in vivo, whether it can also act as a death factor in vitro and in vivo under physiological conditions and after nerve injury, as well as its mechanism of inducing apoptosis, is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated the mechanisms by which proBDNF causes apoptosis in sensory neurons and satellite glial cells (SGCs) in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) after sciatic nerve transection (SNT). METHODS: SGCs cultures were prepared and a scratch model was established to analyze the role of proBDNF in sensory neurons and SGCs in DRG following SNT. Following treatment with proBDNF antiserum, TUNEL and immunohistochemistry staining were used to detect expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in DRG tissue; immunocytochemistry and Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) assay were used to detect GFAP expression and cell viability of SGCs, respectively. RT-qPCR, western blot, and ELISA were used to measure mRNA and protein levels, respectively, of key factors in BDNF-TrkB, proBDNF-p75NTR/sortilin, and apoptosis signaling pathways. RESULTS: proBDNF induced mitochondrial apoptosis of SGCs and neurons by modulating BDNF-TrkB and proBDNF-p75NTR/sortilin signaling pathways. In addition, neuroprotection was achieved by inhibiting the biological activity of endogenous proBDNF protein by injection of anti-proBDNF serum. Furthermore, the anti-proBDNF serum inhibited the activation of SGCs and promoted their proliferation. CONCLUSION: proBDNF induced apoptosis in SGCs and sensory neurons in DRG following SNT. The proBDNF signaling pathway is a potential novel therapeutic target for reducing sensory neuron and SGC loss following peripheral nerve injury.

14.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 11, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910821

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: NAD kinases (NADKs) are the only known enzymes that directly phosphorylate NAD(H) to generate NADP(H) in different subcellular compartments. They participate in multiple life activities, such as modulating the NADP/NAD ratio, maintaining the intracellular redox balance and responding to environmental stresses. However, the functions of individual NADK in plants are still under investigation. Here, a rice NADK, namely, OsNADK1, was identified, and its functions in plant growth regulation and stress tolerance were analysed by employing a series of transgenic plant lines. RESULTS: OsNADK1 is a cytosol-localized NADK in rice. It was expressed in all rice tissues examined, and its transcriptional expression could be stimulated by a number of environmental stress treatments. Compared with wild-type (WT) rice, the mutant plant osnadk1 in which OsNADK1 was knocked out was a dwarf at the heading stage and had decreased NADP(H)/NAD(H), ascorbic acid (ASA)/dehydroascorbate (DHA) and reduced glutathione (GSH)/oxidized glutathione (GSSG) ratios, which led to increased oxidation states in the rice cells and sensitivity to drought. Moreover, certain stress-related genes showed differential expression patterns in osnadk1 under both normal growth and drought-stress conditions compared with WT. Among these genes, OsDREB1B and several WRKY family transcription factors, e.g., OsWRKY21 and OsWRKY42, showed correlated co-expression patterns with OsNADK1 in osnadk1 and the plants overexpressing or underexpressing OsNADK1, implying roles for these transcription factors in OsNADK1-mediated processes. In addition, overexpression of OsNADK1 enhanced the drought tolerance of rice plants, whereas loss of function of the gene reduced the tolerance. Furthermore, the proline content was dramatically increased in the leaves of the OsNADK1-overexpressing lines under drought conditions. CONCLUSIONS: Altogether, the results suggest that an OsNADK1-mediated intracellular redox balance is involved in the tolerance of rice plants to drought.

15.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912417

RESUMO

The aim of this work is to investigate the relationship between iron and oxidative stress in the immune organs of excessive iron-fed sheep. Sixteen German Mutton Merino rams were randomly divided into 4 groups, which were fed the basal diets supplemented with 50 (CON), 500 (L-iron), 1000 (M-iron), and 1500 (H-iron) mg Fe/kg as ferrous sulfate monohydrate (FeSO4·H2O), respectively. The actual iron content in the diet was determined to be 457.68 (CON), 816.42 (L-iron), 1256.78 (M-iron), and 1725.63 (H-iron) mg/kg, respectively. The consequences of oxidative damage were tested in 4 groups. The results showed that the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and the activity of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) were increased in excessive iron-fed sheep. Moreover, the present results revealed that excess iron was associated with a significant decrease in the activities of antioxidant capacity, such as glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) levels. The iNOS mRNA expression declined in excessive iron-fed sheep, indicating that down-regulation is likely to occur at the transcription level, which is consistent with the studies of iron blockades iNOS transcription. Surprisingly, the activity of glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPx1) continued to decline, but the expression levels of GPX1 mRNA and protein increased first and then decreased. This suggests that at the transcriptional and translation levels, the body compensatively increases the amount of GPx1 to maintain the balance of the oxidation-antioxidant system to resist peroxidation. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining revealed histopathological changes in immune organs, such as lymphocyte infiltration and cell death, indicating that excessive iron-induced oxidative damage indirectly affects the body's immune function. These findings confirm the role of iron in regulating the homeostasis of the oxidation-antioxidant system.

16.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; : e22435, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916649

RESUMO

The long noncoding RNA urothelial carcinoma-associated 1 (UCA1) has been reported to sustain the proliferation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells through downregulating cell cycle regulators p27kip1 . Yet, the foundational mechanism of UCA1 in AML pathologies remains unclear. Herein, we found an escalation of UCA1 expression and suppression of miR-204 expression in pediatric AML patients and cells. UCA1 silencing suppressed cell proliferative abilities, promoted apoptotic rates, decreased Ki67, and increased cleaved caspase-3 in AML cells. Moreover, UCA1 sponged miR-204 and suppressed its expression. UCA1 overexpression inversed the miR-204 suppressed proliferation and promoted apoptosis. UCA1 also boosted the expression of SIRT1, a miR-204 target, via the sponging interaction. Furthermore, miR-204 inhibited inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 expression, while UCA1 overexpression inversed the inhibitory effects in AML cells. Our findings concluded that UCA1 downregulation repressed cell proliferation and promoted apoptosis through inactivating SIRT1 signals by upregulating miR-204 in pediatric AML.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31997248

RESUMO

Proton adsorption behavior on the surface of Al-substituted goethites as a function of pH and ionic strength was investigated and simulated with the multisite surface complexation (MUSIC) model. In addition, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and field emission scanning electron microscope were used to characterize the crystal structure, chemical composition, micromorphology, and surface properties of the Al-substituted goethite. Al substitution was found to affect the crystal structure and micromorphology of goethite. The morphological differences did not result in significant differences in PZC value but largely affected the surface charge values. Goethite surface charge capacity increased progressively with increasing amount of Al substitution, which was attributed to increases in the density of surface coordinated sites due to the increase in (021)/(110) face ratio. The optimization calculations enabled a satisfactory fitting of the titration data of both pure goethite and Al-substituted goethite, and the MUSIC model facilitated a more specific understanding of the charging behavior of Al-substituted goethite. The singly (≡FeOH-0.5 + ≡AlOH-0.5) and triply coordinated (≡Fe3O-0.5 + ≡AlFe2O-0.5) surface groups were most likely responsible for the basic charging behavior of goethite in the pH range of 4-10. All results indicate that the MUSIC model has excellent performance in characterizing Al-substituted goethite, and the model has promising application prospect in other substituted metal (hydr)oxides.

18.
Pathol Res Pract ; 216(1): 152732, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31780055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: FK506 binding protein 9 (FKBP9) has been reported and identified for a long time, but its relationship with cancer is rarely studied. For example, the role of FK506 binding protein 9 in prostate cancer (PCa) is still unclear. Therefore, we decided to detect the expression level of FKBP9 in PCa and explore its clinical significance. METHODS: The expression level of FKBP9 protein was detected by immunohistochemistry. In addition, it was demonstrated by high-throughput sequencing of mRNA levels in the TCGA (cancer genome atlas) dataset of 499 patients. Kaplan-meier analysis and Cox proportional hazard regression model were used to evaluate the relationship between FKBP9 expression and survival in prostate cancer patients. RESULTS: The expression of FKBP9 was localized in the cytoplasm, which in normal prostate tissues was obviously lower than that in PCa tissues (P = 0.001). High expression of FKBP9 was related with lymph node metastasis (P = 0.022) and distant metastasis (P = 0.028). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that the BCR-free survival of PCa patients with high FKBP9 level was significantly shortened (P=0.041). CONCLUSIONS: FKBP9 may be a cancer promoter that enhances PCa progression, and the level of FKBP9 may be used as an independent precursor of PCa patients.

19.
Mol Immunol ; 117: 122-130, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765841

RESUMO

The acute phase reactant C-reactive protein (CRP) binds with high affinity to fibronectin (FN), but this binding occurs only at pH 6.5 or lower, and the binding is inhibited by calcium ions at physiological pH. Since CRP in the circulating blood exists in a calcium-binding form, the interaction between CRP and FN in vivo has been uncertain. CRP can undergo a conformational rearrangement in the absence of calcium or in the local microenvironment (e.g., acidic pH) of inflamed tissue to dissociate into monomeric CRP (mCRP). Therefore, we tested whether these discrepancies can be explained by the different isoforms and locations of CRP. Surface plasmon resonance and ELISA assays showed that mCRP binds with high affinity to FN, and the binding of mCRP to FN was unaffected by calcium or pH. Peptide competition assay, deletion mutant binding assay and protein docking analyse verified that the binding site of mCRP to FN is residues a.a.35-47. Furthermore, mCRP can significantly enhance the adhesion of monocytes to FN as well as upregulate the adhesion molecules expression on endothelial cell. Colocalization of mCRP with FN was observed in mice with DSS-induced colitis, whereas there was very little signal orcolocalization of CRP. These results provide in vitro and in vivo evidence that mCRP formed by local dissociation from circulating CRP is the major isoform that interacts with FN and regulates FN-mediated monocyte adhesion, which is involved in the pro-inflammatory process.

20.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 58: 126421, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31805477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Iron isotopic composition serves as a biological indicator of Fe metabolism in humans. In the process of Fe metabolism, essential carriers of Fe circulate in the blood and pass through storage organs and intestinal absorptive tissues. This study aimed to establish an analytical method for high-precision Fe isotopic measurement, investigate Fe concentration and isotopic composition in different parts of whole blood, and explore the potential of Fe isotopic composition as an indicator for Fe status within individuals. ANALYTICAL METHODS: A total of 23 clinically healthy Taiwanese adults of Han descent were enrolled randomly and Fe isotopic compositions of their whole blood, erythrocytes, and serum were measured. The Fe isotopic analysis was performed by Neptune Plus multiple-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with double-spike technique. The precision and reproducibility of the Fe isotopic analysis were monitored by international biological and geological reference materials. MAIN FINDINGS: High-precision Fe isotopic measurements were achieved alongside with high consistency in the isotopic data for well-characterized reference materials. The Fe isotopic signatures of whole blood and erythrocytes were resolvable from that of serum, where both whole blood and erythrocytes contained significantly lighter Fe isotopic compositions compared to the case of serum (P = 0.0296 and P = 0.0004, respectively). The δ56/54Fe value of the serum sample was 0.2‰ heavier on an average than those of whole blood or erythrocytes. This isotopic fractionation observed in different parts of whole blood may indicate redox processes involved in Fe cycling, e.g. erythrocyte production and Fe transportation. Moreover, the δ56/54Fe values of whole blood and serum significantly correlated with the hemoglobin level (P = 0.0126 and P = 0.0020, respectively), erythrocyte count (P = 0.0014 and P = 0.0005, respectively), and Mentzer index (P = 0.0055 and P = 0.0011, respectively), suggesting the Fe isotopic composition as an indicator of functional Fe status in healthy adults. The relationships between blood Fe isotopic compositions and relevant biodemographic variables were also examined. While the average Fe concentration of whole blood was significantly higher in males than in females (P = 0.0028), females exhibited a heavier Fe isotopic composition compared to that of males in whole blood (P = 0.0010) and serum (P < 0.0001). A significantly inverse correlation of the whole blood δ56/54Fe value with body mass index of individuals (P = 0.0095) was also observed. CONCLUSION: The results presented herein reveal that blood Fe isotopic signature is consequentially linked to baseline erythrocyte parameters in individuals and is significantly affected by the gender and body mass index in the adult population. These findings support the role of Fe isotopic composition as an indicator for the variance of Fe metabolism among adult individuals and populations and warrant further study to elucidate the underlying mechanisms.

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