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1.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 758501, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35211009

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus is a fast-growing disease with a major influence on people's quality of life. Oral hypoglycemic drugs and insulin are currently the main effective drugs in the treatment of diabetes, but chronic consumption of these drugs has certain side effects. Polysaccharides, saponins, flavonoids, and phenolics are the primary secondary metabolites isolated from the rhizomes of Polygonatum sibiricum Redouté [Asparagaceae], Polygonatum kingianum Collett & Hemsl [Asparagaceae], or Polygonatum cyrtonema Hua [Asparagaceae], which have attracted much more attention owing to their unique therapeutic role in the treatment and prevention of diabetes. However, the research on the mechanism of these three Polygonatum spp. in diabetes has not been reviewed. This review provides a summary of the research progress of three Polygonatum spp. on diabetes and its complications, reveals the potential antidiabetic mechanism of three Polygonatum spp., and discusses the effect of different processed products of three Polygonatum spp. in treating diabetes, for the sake of a thorough understanding of its effects on the prevention and treatment of diabetes and diabetes complications.

2.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 208: 114471, 2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814080

RESUMO

Yunaconitine (YAC), crassicauline A (CCA), 8-deacetylyunaconitine (DYA), and 8-deacetylcrassicauline A (DCA), as hidden toxic Aconitum alkaloids, are detected in some products of processed Aconitum carmichaelii lateral root and poisoning cases. The distribution and toxicity of these four components in Aconitum herbs should be further systematically studied for medication safety. This study developed a new UHPLC-QQQ-MS/MS method to determine ten Aconitum alkaloids, including aconitine, mesaconitine, hypaconitine, benzoylaconine, benzoylmesaconine, benzoylhypaconine, YAC, CCA, DYA, and DCA, for Aconitum herbs simultaneously. YAC and CCA were founded in some samples of unprocessed A. carmichaelii lateral root (7.04%), A. carmichaelii root (9.43%), A. brachypodum root (6.00%), and A. ouvrardianum root (100%). Four hidden toxic Aconitum alkaloids were detected in processed A. carmichaelii lateral root (2.56%) and A. vilmorinianum root (100%). Four hidden toxic Aconitum alkaloids played significant roles in the classification of Aconitum herbs by OPLS-DA analysis. The acute toxicity test was performed by up-and-down procedure (UDP). The oral administration of the half lethal dose (LD50) of YAC, CCA, DYA, and DCA to female ICR mice was 2.37 mg/kg, 5.60 mg/kg, 60.0 mg/kg, and 753 mg/kg, respectively. The LD50 by intravenous injection was 0.200 mg/kg, 0.980 mg/kg, 7.60 mg/kg, and 34.0 mg/kg, respectively. The LD50 of unprocessed A. carmichaelii lateral root, A. vilmorinianum root, and A. brachypodum root to mice orally was 1.89 g/kg, 0.950 g/kg, and 0.380 g/kg, respectively. Symptoms of Aconitum alkaloid poisoning in mice were decreased activity, fur erect, palpebral edema, vomiting, polypnea, and convulsions. The main change of organs was flatulence. No poisoning or death occurred in mice at the maximum dosage (27.0 g/kg) of A. ouvrardianum root orally. To better control the quality and safety of Aconitum herbs, this study provides favorable support for improving the existing standards to strengthen the supervision of the four hidden toxic Aconitum alkaloids.


Assuntos
Aconitum , Alcaloides , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Aconitina/toxicidade , Alcaloides/toxicidade , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/toxicidade , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Raízes de Plantas , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
3.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 7(4): 694-695, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35493711

RESUMO

Uncaria macrophylla (Rubiaceae) is a medicinal vine plant of the Rubiaceae family that was distributed in East Asia and Southeast Asia. The first complete chloroplast genome of Uncaria macrophylla was sequenced and assembled in this study. The genome is 155,138 bp in length and contained 129 encoded genes in total, including 79 protein-coding genes, eight ribosomal RNA genes, and 37 transfer RNA genes. The phylogenomic analysis showed that U. macrophylla was closely related to Uncaria rhynchophylla according to the current sampling extent.

4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 280: 114441, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302942

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Picrasma belongs to the Simaroubaceae family and contains six species which are mainly distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia and America. The barks, roots, stems, branches, or leaves of several Picrasma species have been applied as folk medicines to treat fever, sore throat, dysentery, eczema, nausea, loss of appetite, diabetes mellitus, cancer, and hypertension. AIM OF THE STUDY: A systematic summary on the botanic characterization, ethnopharmacological uses, phytochemistry, bioactivities and toxicity of species belonging to Picrasma was presented to facilitate the exploitation of the therapeutic potential of these plants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The literatures about Picrasma were retrieved from a series of scientific search engines including Web of Science, SciFinder, PubMed, CNKI, Google Scholar, Elsevier, Wiley, ACS publications, and SpringerLink between 1970 and 2020. Plant names were validated by "The Plant List" (www.theplantlist.org). RESULTS: As ethnopharmacological uses, Picrasma species are valuable folk medicines to treat fever, inflammation, dysentery, eczema, cancer, diabetics, skin infection, and so on. Up to now, a total of 361 compounds including 126 alkaloids, 132 quassinoids, 67 triterpenoids, and 36 miscellaneous compounds were reported from Picrasma species. Quassinoids and alkaloids are the principal constituents in the genus. The extracts and phytochemical constituents of Picrasma species demonstrate a wide range of bioactivities including cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and other activities. CONCLUSIONS: Picrasma species are widely used as traditional medicines, have diverse chemical constituents with obvious biological activities. Nevertheless, further studies are required on the Picrasma species to assert the ethnopharmacological uses, clarify their bioactive constituents, determine pharmacological actions, and toxicity. Therefore, the present review may provide a critical clue for future studies and further exploitations on Picrasma species.


Assuntos
Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/toxicidade , Fitoterapia , Picrasma , Plantas Medicinais/química , Etnofarmacologia , Humanos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química
5.
Fitoterapia ; 151: 104860, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582265

RESUMO

Glycyrrhizic acid, the main active ingredient of licorice, has good antibacterial, anti-tumor, anti-viral, anti-inflammatory, and immunostimulatory activities. However, the content of glycyrrhizic acid fluctuates greatly in different licorice cultivars, and production depends on plant sources, which greatly limits its development and applications. Therefore, increasing glycyrrhizic acid content has become a research priority. In recent years, regulation of the glycyrrhizic acid biosynthesis pathway has been analyzed, the downstream synthesis pathway in licorice has been fully investigated, some key genes have been cloned, polymorphisms have been studied, and the content of glycyrrhizic acid was shown to be regulated by environmental stimuli. This work has provided a basis for studying the regulation mechanism of the glycyrrhizic acid synthesis pathway. This review summarizes and discusses relevant research to provide a current understanding of the glycyrrhizic acid synthesis pathway and its regulation in licorice.


Assuntos
Glycyrrhiza/metabolismo , Ácido Glicirrízico/metabolismo , Vias Biossintéticas , Meio Ambiente
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(11): 2509-2514, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627482

RESUMO

Salvia miltiorrhiza(Sm) and Salvia castanea f. tomentosa(Sc) hairy roots were used as experimental materials to study the effects of six different carbon sources, galactose, fructose, lactose, glucose, arabinose and sucrose(control), on fresh weight, dry weight, contents and yields of salvianolic acids and tanshinones. The results showed that galactose was most beneficial to the growth of two kinds of hairy roots, while lactose and arabinose were not conducive to their growth. As for Sm hairy roots, fructose significantly promoted the accumulation of salvianolic acid B, and the content increased by 5.801 times and 10.151 times compared with the control group, respectively. Glucose significantly promoted the accumulation of salvianolic acids. The content and yield of rosmarinic acid were 7.674 times and 9.260 times of that of the control group, and the content and yield of salvianolic acid B were 5.532 times and 6.675 times of the control group. For the hairy roots of Sc, galactose significantly increased the content and yield of rosmarinic acid, reaching 7.820 times and 9.944 times of the control group, respectively. Fructose promoted the increase of the content and yield of cryptotanshinone, reaching 9.242 times and 6.609 times of the control group, respectively. The study confirmed the optimal carbon source for the hairy root culture of Sm and Sc, and provided theoretical guidance for large-scale production of Sm drug-derived components and the utilization of Sc.


Assuntos
Salvia miltiorrhiza , Salvia , Carbono , Raízes de Plantas
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(1): 65-71, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237412

RESUMO

The interaction of endophytes and host plant is an effective mean to regulate the growth and secondary metabolism of medicinal plants. Here we want to elucidate the effects and mechanism of Phoma herbarum D603 on the root development and tanshinone synthesis in root of Salvia miltiorrhiza by endophyte-plant coculture system. The mycelium of P. herbarum D603 was colonized in the root tissue space, and formed a stable symbiotic relationship with host plant. The in vitro activities analysis showed that the concentration of IAA produced by D603 can reach(6.45±0.23) µg·mL~(-1), and this strain had some abilities of phosphorus solubilization and siderophore production activities. The coculture experiment showed that strain D603 can significantly promote the synthesis and accumulation of tanshinones in the root of S. miltiorrhiza, in which after 8 weeks of treatment with D603, the content of tanshinone Ⅱ_A in the roots reached up to(1.42±0.59) mg·g~(-1). By the qRT-PCR analysis results, we found that D603 could improve the expression levels of some key genes(DXR, DXS, GGPP, HMGR, CPS) of tanshinone biosynthesis pathway in host plant S. miltiorrhiza, but the promoting effect mainly occurred in the early stage of the interaction, and the enzyme activity level decreased in varying degrees of the later stage. In summary, seed-associated endophyte P. herbarum D603 can promote the growth and root development of S. miltiorrhiza by producing hormones, promoting nutrient absorption and siderophore production, and promote the synthesis and accumulation of tanshinones by regulating the expression level of key genes in the synthetic pathway in S. miltiorrhiza.


Assuntos
Abietanos/biossíntese , Ascomicetos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Salvia miltiorrhiza/microbiologia , Endófitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Salvia miltiorrhiza/metabolismo , Sementes/microbiologia
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(22): 4830-4836, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872589

RESUMO

GRAS transcription factors play important roles in the regulation of plant root growth and GA signaling. In this study,SmGRAS3 gene was cloned,which open reading frame was 2 247 bp,and encoding 748 amino acids. The physicochemical properties and structure of SmGRAS3 and its encoded protein were analyzed by bioinformatics software. This gene belongs to the SCL9 subfamily of the GRAS family,and its promoter sequence mainly contains the light response,stress response,and hormone response elements. It may interact with the GA signal pathway and anti-stress related proteins. The subcellular localization showed that SmGRAS3 protein was mainly located in the nucleus. The expression pattern analysis showed that the expression of Sm GRAS3 was the highest in the root and the lowest in the stem,and both light and low temperature could induce the high expression level of SmGRAS3. This study provides a foundation for further study on the roles of SmGRAS3 gene in the root growth and stress tolerance of Salvia miltiorrhiza.


Assuntos
Salvia miltiorrhiza/genética , Clonagem Molecular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas , Fatores de Transcrição
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3233-3238, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602877

RESUMO

In order to study the correlation between the traits of Andrographis paniculata. The main agronomic traits and the content of four kinds of diterpene lactons were measured by the seedlings and the unmutagenized seeds carried by the spacecraft,and multiple comparisons,correlations and principal component analysis were carried out. The results showed that the agronomic traits of A. paniculata have different degrees of difference after being carried by space. The contents of diterpene lactones were quite different. The variation coefficients of deoxyandrographolide content,fresh weight,leaf dry weight,dehydrated andrographolide content,dry weight,neoandrographolide content and andrographolide content were all over 35%. There was a significant correlation between multiple traits,and the leaf weight ratio was significantly positively correlated with the number of primary tillers,leaf dry weight and dry weight,and was significantly negatively correlated with the content of deoxyandrographolide. Andrographolide content was a significantly negatively correlated with the number of leaves and the number of primary tillers,and positively correlated with the other three lactones. Five principal components were extracted from principal component analysis,and the cumulative contribution rate was 83. 127%,which were yield factor,plant type factor,leaf type factor,component factor and seed weight factor. Among the traits affecting the quality of A. paniculata,the yield factor for reliability of the selection of A. paniculata is higher than other factors. There are abundant variations among the traits of A. paniculata,carried in space which increase the genetic diversity. The principal component analysis method can be used to select the principal component factors according to the breeding requirements,which provides a theoretical basis for the breeding of high-yield and high-quality A. paniculata and the high-yield and stable cultivation of A. paniculata.


Assuntos
Andrographis/química , Diterpenos/análise , Lactonas/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Folhas de Planta , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(17): 3718-3723, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602944

RESUMO

Polyporus umbellatus,a traditional Chinese precious medicine as long been used for eliminating dampness,diuresis and have effect on cancer,getting more and more popularly in China recently. And the developmental metabolic process of the medicinal fungus,P. umbellatus,has been gotten more attention. This study is for the first time to explore the three sclerotial growth stages in P. umbellatus,named " white Polyporus"( initial phase), " grey Polyporus"( developmental phase) and " black Polyporus"( mature phase),by utilizing the de novo transcriptome assembly analysis technology. Finally,we obtained 88. 12 Gb sequence containing85 235 unigenes( ≥200 bp) assembled and 100% were annotated. We identified genes differentially expressed among the three stages of the sclerotia and screened out MFSgst,ERG4/ERG24,WD40,Rho A,CYP450,PKS,GSase and CHS1,which may contribute to the production of medicinal secondary metabolites and the defense mechanism against the environmental stress and biological invasion. We did the qRT-PCR trial to verify our results,which is in line with expectations. Our results are purposed to unearth the molecular mechanism of the accumulation of active constituents in different stages of Polyporus sclerotia which can be applied in the production and protection of Polyporus effectively.


Assuntos
Polyporus/genética , Transcriptoma , China , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genes Fúngicos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Polyporus/crescimento & desenvolvimento
11.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 13: 2235-2247, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371920

RESUMO

Purpose: Jatrorrhizine (JAT) is a natural protoberberine alkaloid, possesses detoxification, bactericidal and hypoglycemic activities. However, its anti-cancer mechanism is not clear. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of JAT through which inhibits colorectal cancer in HCT-116 and HT-29 cells. Methods: MTT assay and colony formation assay were used to check the cell proliferation ability. Cell apoptosis and cell cycle were measured by Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometry, respectively. Cell migration and invasion were detected by scratch wound healing assay and trans-well assay, respectively. Further, expression of related proteins was examined via Western blotting and the in vivo anti-cancer effect of JAT was confirmed by nude mice xenograft model. Results: The research showed that JAT inhibited the proliferation of HCT-116 and HT-29 cells with IC50 values of 6.75±0.29 µM and 5.29±0.13 µM, respectively, for 72 hrs. It has also showed a time dependently, cell cycle arrested in S phase, promoted cell apoptosis and suppressed cell migration and invasion. In addition, JAT inhibited Wnt signaling pathway by reducing ß-catenin and increasing GSK-3ß expressions. Increased expression of E-cadherin, while decreased N-cadherin, indicating that JAT treatment suppressed the process of cell epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). In HCT-116 nude mice xenograft model, JAT inhibited tumor growth and metastasis, and induced apoptosis of tumor cells. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that JAT efficiently inhibited colorectal cancer cells growth and metastasis, which provides a new point for clinical treatment of colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Berberina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Via de Sinalização Wnt/efeitos dos fármacos , beta Catenina/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Berberina/química , Berberina/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células HCT116 , Células HT29 , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , beta Catenina/metabolismo
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(10): 2038-2045, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355558

RESUMO

The family of flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase catalyzes the modification of anthocyanin from unstable-structure to stable-structure. In this study,based on homology cloning and transcriptome library,we isolated the full-length c DNA of UDP-glucose: flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase( named SmUF3GT) from the flower tissues of S. miltiorrhiza. This gene was consisted of 1 353 bp open reading frames( ORF) encoding 450 amino acids. And the SmUF3GT protein was performed for the bioinformatic analysis. Our results showed that the protein was preliminary localized in the Golgi and peroxisome of cytosol,as well as plasma membrane and cell nuclear.QRT-PCR analyses indicated that SmUF3GT expressed differently in all tissues and organs but roots of S. miltiorrhiza and S. miltiorrhiza f.alba. During floral development,the expression of SmUF3GT showed a trend of rising fist and then down in purple-flower Danshen,whereas decreasing sharply fist and then slowly in white-flower Danshen. The present study provides basic information for further research on the network of synthesis and accumulation of flavonoids in S.miltiorrhiza.


Assuntos
Glucosiltransferases/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Salvia miltiorrhiza/genética , Clonagem Molecular , Flores/enzimologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Salvia miltiorrhiza/enzimologia
13.
Molecules ; 23(7)2018 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29958404

RESUMO

Codonopsis taxa, as a traditional Chinese medicinal and edible plant, has found expanding domestic and foreign applications in recent decades. However, the poor management in germplasm resources market has inevitably caused an unnecessary hybrid of the provenances. In order to clarify the hybrid characteristics of germplasm resources in the main production area, the Codonopsis cultivars collected from the provinces Gansu, Shannxi, Shanxi, and Hubei of China were researched, using internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequence technology. The confirmation of additive nucleotides based on the ITS sequencing of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) mixture was optimized and used to study the hybrid of Codonopsis cultivars. The results showed that when the ratio of PCR mixture increased up to 15 percent, the presence of a double peak in the sequencing electrophoresis map could be confirmed, suggesting the existence of additive nucleotides. According to the method above, 46 samples of Codonopsis cultivars collected during 2016 and 2017 were studied and compared with the samples collected from the year 2009 to 2010. All of the samples collected during 2016 and 2017 were hybridized and no genetic pure lines were found. In addition, the sites of variable base reduced greatly, concentrating at positions 122 and/or 226. These phenomena suggested that the genetic diversity of Codonopsis cultivars declined and the germplasm resources gradually converged. More attention should be paid to the reasonable exploitation and genetic breeding of Codonopsis taxa.


Assuntos
Codonopsis/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
14.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 3(1): 145-146, 2018 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33474100

RESUMO

Tricyrtis (Liliaceae) is an endemic genus in East Asia. Many of the species in the genus are in Endangered condition due to habitat loss and extensive horticultural usage in recent decades. In present study, we reported the first Tricyrtis chloroplast (cp) genome, Tricyrtis macropoda, based on Illumina pair-end sequencing data. The complete chloroplast genome size is 155,778 bp. In total, 131 genes were identified, including 85 protein-coding genes, 8 rRNA genes, and 38 tRNA genes. Fifteen genes are containing introns (clpP and ycf3 contained two introns) and 14 genes had two copies. The overall GC content of this genome was 37.4%. A further phylogenomic analysis of Liliales, including 62 taxa, was conducted for the placement of genus Tricyrtis. The complete plastome of T. marcropoda will provide a valuable resource for further genetic conservation, phylogenomic, and evolution studies in the genus and family.

15.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 3(2): 862-863, 2018 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33474345

RESUMO

Ligustrum lucidum is a species of privet native to the southern half of China. It is often used as an ornamental tree, sometimes as a cultivar. In present study, we reported the Ligustrum lucidum chloroplast (cp) genome. The total chloroplast genome size of L. lucidum was 154,793 bp. In total, 124 genes were identified, including 81 protein-coding genes, 8 rRNA genes, and 35 tRNA genes. Twenty genes contained introns (clpP and ycf3 contained two introns) and 17 genes had two copies. The overall GC content of this genome was 38.2%. A further phylogenomic analysis of Oleaceae, including 21 taxa, was conducted for the placement of genus Ligustrum. The complete plastome of L. lucidum will provide a valuable resource for further genetic conservation, phylogenomic, and evolution studies of the genus and the family.

16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(15): 2946-2953, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29139262

RESUMO

The research studies the effect of different fertilization treatments on yield and accumulation of secondary metabolites of Codonopsis pilosula by using single factor randomized block design, in order to ensure reasonable harvesting time and fertilization ratio, and provide the basis for standardized cultivation of C. pilosula. According to the clustering results, the nitrogen fertilizer benefitted for the improvement of root diameter and biomass of C. pilosula. The phosphate fertilizer could promote the content of C. pilosula polysaccharide. The organic fertilizers could increase the content of lobetyolin. With the time going on, C. pilosula's yield, polysaccharide and ehanol-soluble extracts increased while the content of lobetyolin decreased. According to various factors, October is a more reasonable harvest period. Organic fertilizers are more helpful to the yield and accumulation of secondary metabolites of C. pilosula.


Assuntos
Codonopsis/química , Fertilizantes , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Plantas Medicinais/química , Biomassa , Codonopsis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Nitrogênio , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plantas Medicinais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Metabolismo Secundário
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(2): 205-212, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28948721

RESUMO

Sucrose non-fermenting 1-related protein kinase 2(SnRK2) plays a key role in abiotic stress signaling in plants. In this study, we cloned a SmSnRK2.4 gene belonging to subclass I of SnRK2 from Salvia miltiorrhiza by screening its transcriptome database. The SmSnRK2.4 gene contains 8 introns and 9 exons, with a 1 068 bp open reading frame encoding a polypeptide of 355 amino acids, the predicted molecular mass of which is 40.63 kDa. Prokaryotic expression of SmSnRK2.4 protein using pMAL-c2X as the expression vector displayed that the recombinant protein of SmSnRK2.4 gene in E. coli was consistent with the predicted size. A 3 000 bp promoter sequence of SmSnRK2.4 contained some stress-responsive elements and hormone-responsive elements. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis revealed that the expression of SmSnRK2.4 in root was much higher than that in stem and leaf, SmSnRK2.4 was strongly induced by PEG stress, weakly induced by ABA stress. This research provided a basis for further study of the SmSnRK2.4 gene playing the role in accumulate mechanism of secondary metabolites in S. miltiorrhiza under drought.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas Quinases/genética , Salvia miltiorrhiza/enzimologia , Clonagem Molecular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Salvia miltiorrhiza/genética
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(2): 226-230, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28948724

RESUMO

The industry of Chinese medicinal materials is going through another high-level development stage with some important files issued by Chinese government in the past months, such as "the protection and development plans of Chinese medicinal materials (2015-2020)" and "the strategic development plans of Chinese medicine (2016-2030)". In addition, the effect of "TU Youyou" will not only improve the industry development, but also indicates the increasing international competition intensely. Therefore, one of the core problems of the sustainable-development industry is the training of senior talents under the "New Situation" with opportunity and intense competition. As one of the forefront courses of Chinese Pharmacology, Molecular Pharmacognosy (MP) is a new interdisciplinary science, which integrates the pharmacognosy and molecular biology, and combines many discipline theories and technological systems. MP not only inherits the traditional concepts,but also makes up for the shortages of pharmacognosy, and improves the development of pharmacognosy. Thus, these are importance of MP for cultivation of senior talents, and also the difficult teaching points of MP with no unified teaching mode. We will, in this paper, discuss the possible teaching modes through several aspects for talent cultivation and meeting the needs of social and industry development, such as teaching state of MP, the education of undergraduate and graduate students, social identity, and self renewal of curriculum theories and practice.


Assuntos
Indústria Farmacêutica , Biologia Molecular/educação , Farmacognosia/educação , Ensino , China , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Humanos , Plantas Medicinais
19.
Appl Plant Sci ; 5(4)2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28439478

RESUMO

PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Although several microsatellite markers of Smilax aspera (Smilacaceae) have been reported in a previous study, due to universality issues in cross-population amplification, we have newly developed microsatellite markers for S. aspera based on transcriptome data to further investigate gene flow and genetic structure of its circum-Mediterranean, East African, and South Asian populations. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 4854 simple sequence repeat (SSR) primer pairs were designed from 99,193 contigs acquired from public transcriptome data of S. bona-nox. Forty-six microsatellite loci were selected for further genotyping in 12 S. aspera populations. The number of alleles varied from three to 28, and 93.5% of the developed microsatellite markers could be cross-amplified in least one of three congeneric Smilax species. CONCLUSIONS: The SSR markers developed in this study will facilitate further studies on genetic diversity and phylogeographic patterns of S. aspera in intercontinental geographical scales.

20.
Mycology ; 8(4): 327-334, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30123653

RESUMO

Isaria cicadae is an entomogenous fungus that has been used as a traditional Chinese medicinal materials to treat different diseases, including cancer. However, Isaria cicadae conidia for inhibitory activity against breast cancer cells growth are still not systematically studied. The present aim was to elucidate the phytochemical composition of Isaria cicadae conidia and to explore relevant anti-cancer potential in gynaecological carcinoma MCF-7 and Hela cells. Isaria cicadae conidia were identified by UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS: high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray/quadrupole time of flight tandem mass spectrometry technology. Eight main compounds were identified which are nucleosides, cordycepic acid, cordycepin, beauvericin and myriocin by MS fragmentation ions. The nuclear morphology indicated the typical characteristics of apoptosis by Hoechst staining. Annexin V/PI staining revealed that the number of apoptotic cells was increased by Isaria cicadae conidia treatment. Furthermore, Isaria cicadae conidia also induced the caspase-mediated mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. The findings suggest that the full-scale active ingredients highlight the significance of Isaria cicadae conidia as potential anti-cancer agent in China.

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