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1.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(8): 776-780, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517460

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the long-term characteristic changes of virus, immune status, and liver fibrosis markers in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infected patients after receiving direct-antiviral agents (DAAs). Methods: HIV/HCV co-infected patients who visited the Guangzhou Eighth People's Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University from May 2014 to December 2019 were selected as the research subjects. The changes of virological response rate, peripheral blood CD4(+)T lymphocyte level and serological markers of liver fibrosis (APRI score and FIB-4 index) were observed during 144 weeks of follow-up course after the end of DAAs treatment. Kruskal-Wallis test was used for statistical approach. Results: A total of 103 cases were included in the study. There were 87 males (87.5%), with a median age of 44 years. Sustained virological response rate at 12 weeks (SVR12) after DAAs treatment was 97.6%, and the SVR during the entire follow-up period was at least 95.9%. Compared with baseline, CD4(+)T lymphocyte count were significantly increased equally at 12 weeks (Z = -2.283, P = 0.022), 24 weeks (Z = -3.538, P < 0.001), 48 weeks (Z = -3.297, P = 0.001), 96 weeks (Z = -3.562, P < 0.001), and 144 weeks (Z = -2.842, P = 0.004). APRI score (Z = -6.394, P < 0.001) and FIB-4 index (Z = -2.528, P = 0.011) were significantly lower than baseline at week 4 of DAAs treatment, and thereafter remained at a low level, without further declination. Conclusion: HIV/HCV co-infected patients can maintain high SVR for a long time, acquire good immune reconstitution, and significantly improve liver fibrosis after DAAs treatment.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Infecções por HIV , Hepatite C Crônica , Hepatite C , Adulto , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Coinfecção/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 41(5): 333-339, 2018 May 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29747275

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the molecular mechanism of contractility dysfunction of human bronchial smooth muscle cells induced by nicotine. Methods: Primary human bronchial smooth muscle cells were cultured in vitro. The cells were divided into a control group and a nicotine group which was treated with 10(-5) mol/L nicotine for 48 h and transfected with or without α7nAChR-siRNA (The siNC group, siNC + nicotine group and siα7nAChR + nicotine group). The effects of nicotine on the cell contractile function were examined by collagen gel shrinkage assay. The expressions of α7nAChR and TRPC6 protein in nicotine-treated human bronchial smooth muscle cells were detected by Western blotting. The change of intracellular calcium concentration by nicotine was detected by calcium ion imaging system.Data were analyzed by t test or single factor analysis of variance. Results: The area of collagen gel in the nicotine group (24±8)% was significantly lower than that in the control group (59±14)% (t=3.78, P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the expression of α7nAChR protein in nicotine-induced group (173±16)% was significantly higher than that of controls 100±0)%, t=-6.848, P<0.05. Compared with the siNC group [(72±10)%, (0.79±0.07), (0.41±0.04) and (0.17±0.02) respectively], the collagen gel area of siNC + nicotine group was significantly reduced by (37±10)%. However, the basal calcium level (1.04±0.02), store operated calcium entry level (SOCE, 0.68±0.03) and receptor operated calcium entry level (ROCE, 0.36±0.02) were remarkably elevated in the nicotine treated group (all P<0.05). Furthermore, compared with siNC + nicotine group, the area of collagen gel in siα7nAChR + nicotine group was significantly increased (62±10)%, and the basal calcium level (0.78±0.06), SOCE level (0.39±0.05) and ROCE level (0.15±0.02) were significantly reduced (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Nicotine can increase the expression of TRPC6 protein, SOCE and ROCE level, and increase the intracellular calcium concentration by upregulating the expression of α7nAChR protein, thereby promoting smooth muscle cell contraction.


Assuntos
Miócitos de Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Nicotina/farmacologia , Cálcio/sangue , Canais de Cálcio , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Músculo Liso
3.
Int J STD AIDS ; 27(10): 890-7, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26384940

RESUMO

This study investigated the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in HIV-infected adults at the time of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation in Guangdong province, China. A total of 2793 HIV-infected adults were enrolled between January 2004 and September 2011. Demographic data and laboratory parameters were collected, HBV-DNA levels were measured, and HBV genotypes were identified before ART initiation. The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in HIV-infected patients was 13.2%. A total of 266 HIV/HBV co-infected patients and 1469 HIV mono-infected patients were recruited. The median alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels of HIV/HBV co-infected patients were higher than HIV mono-infected patients (32 U/L vs. 22 U/L, p < 0.001 and 35 U/L vs. 24 U/L, p < 0.001, respectively), whereas the median CD4 cell count of HIV/HBV co-infected patients was lower than HIV mono-infected patients (59 cells/mm(3) vs. 141 cells/mm(3), p < 0.001). The level of CD4 cell count was lower in hepatitis B e-antigen (HBeAg)-positive co-infected patients than HBeAg-negative patients (36 cells/mm(3) vs. 69 cells/mm(3), p = 0.014). A similar result was found in high level of HBV-DNA and low level of HBV-DNA groups (33 cells/mm(3) vs. 89 cells/mm(3), p < 0.001). HBV genotypes were classified as genotypes B and C. Patients infected with genotypes B and C differed significantly in terms of proportion of those who were HBeAg-positive (40.5% vs. 62.2%, p = 0.014). This study indicates a high prevalence of HBsAg in HIV-infected adults in Guangdong. The level of CD4 cell count in HIV/HBV co-infected patients was much lower than HIV mono-infected patients, especially in patients who were HBeAg-positive and had a high level of HBV-DNA. The predominant HBV genotype in HIV/HBV co-infected patients is genotype B.


Assuntos
Coinfecção/virologia , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/virologia , Hepatite B/complicações , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Acta Virol ; 54(1): 21-6, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20201610

RESUMO

Nine samples of diseased Malvastrum coromandelianum plants collected from the fields in Yunnan province of China were found to be infected with Malvastrum yellow vein Yunnan virus (MYVYNV), when tested by PCR using specific primers. The results of PCR and Southern blot analysis showed that only 4 samples out of 9 were associated with the satellite DNAb molecules. Their sequence analysis indicated that DNAb molecules share 97.8%-99.4% of nucleotide sequence identities with DNAb associated with MYVYNV isolate Y160 and less than 82.0% with those associated with other begomoviruses. Two infectious clones of MYVYNV (isolates Y160 and Y277) produced yellow vein, vein thickening and upward leaf curl symptoms in Nicotiana benthamiana plants. In the presence of its cognate DNAb, the symptoms changed to downward leaf curl and crinkle. Southern blot analysis showed that DNAb could increase accumulation of its cognate virus in the infected N. benthamiana plants. The above results indicated that MYVYNV is a monopartite begomovirus and its association with DNAb is not necessary for the infection of plants, but is able to intensify symptoms specific for the disease.


Assuntos
Begomovirus/classificação , DNA Satélite/análise , DNA Viral/análise , Malvaceae/virologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Begomovirus/genética , Begomovirus/isolamento & purificação , DNA Satélite/genética , DNA Satélite/isolamento & purificação , DNA Viral/genética , DNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Filogenia , Folhas de Planta/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Tabaco/virologia
5.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 28(1): 11-9, 1991 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1711885

RESUMO

Since hair Zn and serum Zn are usually decreased in cancer patients, and Zn deficiency may reduce the function of T-cells, granulocytes, and Nk cells, we observed in cancer patients the influences of the Zinc or Selenium-Zinc on DNCB skin delayed hypersensitivity mediated by T cell, and the effects of Zinc on oxidative metabolic function of neutrophils and level of serum interferon that potentiate NK cell activity. The results showed that DNCB skin reaction was strengthened, the oxidative metabolic function of neutrophils and serum interferon level were increased by the drugs. It is reasonable to expect that Zinc or Selenium-Zinc is instrumental in restoring failing immunocompetence of cancer patient.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade Tardia , Neoplasias/imunologia , Selênio/uso terapêutico , Zinco/uso terapêutico , Eritema , Humanos , Interferons/sangue , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Neutrófilos/fisiologia
6.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 25(3): 201-9, 1990 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1698418

RESUMO

The effects of Selenium Yeast (SY) given orally to patients with cancer on the oxidative metabolic function and chemotaxis of neutrophils were studied by Lumino-dependent Chemiluminescence (CL) assay and agarose plates assay, respectively. The results showed that the background CL and the peak value CL of neutrophils from patients with cancer 14 d after taking SY were, on the average, 4 and 1.2 times higher than those before taking SY. The chemotactic index (CI) and chemotactic differential (CD) increased in response to SY supplementation; the differences are statistically significant (p less than 0.01), and no corresponding differences could be seen in the control group (taking yeast).


Assuntos
Quimiotaxia de Leucócito/efeitos dos fármacos , Metabolismo Energético/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias/sangue , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Selênio/farmacologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Medições Luminescentes , Luminol , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/patologia , Neutrófilos/citologia , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Leveduras
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