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Urol Oncol ; 40(1): 4.e19-4.e28, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34548234


PURPOSE: To further determine the efficacy and safety of bipolar androgen therapy (BAT) on patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) after progression on abiraterone (ABI) or enzalutamide (ENZA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically searched the Pubmed, Web of Science and up to June 2021. Literature review, study selection, and data extraction were conducted by 2 reviewers. Risk of bias was assessed according to the methodology of the European Association of Urology (EAU). A systematic review and pooled analysis were performed. The primary outcomes were PSA50 after BAT and AR-targeted therapy rechallenge, objective response rate (ORR) after BAT, and AEs after BAT. The definition of PSA50 was that participants achieving a PSA decline ≥50% according to Prostate Cancer Working Group (PCWG2) criteria. The ORR determined by determined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) included patients experienced partial response (PR) or complete response (CR). RESULTS: In a total of 74 unique records, 5 studies were eligible for inclusion. Participants who underwent BAT achieved PSA50 of 0.26 (95% CI [0.20, 0.32]) and objective response rate (ORR) of 0.32 (95% CI [0.21, 0.44]). Patients completed BAT proceeded to AR-target therapy (ABI or ENZA) achieved moderate response (PSA50 0.54, 95% CI [0.30, 0.76]). Based on our multiple subgroup analysis, type of post-BAT AR-target therapy had a strong impact on PSA50 of AR-target therapy rechallenge. Most of adverse events (AEs) were low grade. CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicated that BAT could induce clinical responses in mCRPC patients after progression on ABI or ENZA, with an acceptable side effects profile. BAT could also be able to restore sensitivity to ABI and ENZA rechallenge in a subset of patients.

Front Surg ; 8: 726233, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760915


Background: Urolithiasis is the most common complication of horseshoe kidney (HK), which can be treated by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), flexible ureteroscopy (FURS), and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). When comparing treatments of ESWL and FURS, it is unclear which is more efficient and safe. The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of FURS and SWL for the treatment of urolithiasis in HK patients. Methods: A systematic search of the Web of Science, PubMed, and EMBASE was performed in February 2021. Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) was used to assess the risk of bias in each study. Results: Five studies published between 2008 and 2018 were synthesized in the present meta-analysis. The study revealed that FURS compared with SWL had greater initial and overall stone-free rates (SFRs). Risk ratios (RRs) were 2.46 (P < 0.00001) in initial SFRs, 1.36 (P = 0.02) in overall SFRs. No differences were found in the retreatment ratio, RRs were 0.49 (P = 0.43). In addition, no major complications were encountered, and all the complications were mild to moderate. Conclusion: The study demonstrated that FURS and SWL are effective and safe treatments for patients with HK with stones (<20 mm). Moreover, FURS has greater clearance rates and lower complication rates than SWL.

Urol Oncol ; 39(11): 754-763, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330654


BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence indicates that patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer could respond to steroid switch from prednisone (P) to dexamethasone (D) following progression on abiraterone acetate plus prednisone (AA+P). OBJECTIVES: Conducting a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and prognostic factors of steroid switch. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically searched Pubmed, Web of Science, and American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting abstracts published up to October 2020. Literature review, study selection, and data extraction were conducted by two reviewers. Risk of bias (RoB) and quality of evidence were assessed. A systematic review and pooled analysis were performed. RESULTS: Nine studies were eligible for inclusion. All of the included patients were progression on AA+P. Pooled rates of PSA50 and PSA30 on abiraterone acetate plus dexamethasone (AA+D) were 0.24 (95%CI [0.18,0.30]) and 0.42 (95%CI [0.36,0.48]), respectively. Subgroup analysis indicated more favorable PSA50 and PSA30 rates on AA+D when switching from P to D only based on PSA progression. Median time to PSA progression on AA+D ranged from 2.73 to 11.38 months. Definitions of progression free survival were variable. Reported median progression free survival on AA+D ranged from 2.52 to 11.8 months. Median overall survival on AA+D varied from 4.11 to 20.9 months. All patients tolerated well on AA+D, and no grade 3 to 4 adverse events were reported. Baseline characteristics of patients, previous treatment and its response, and genetic alterations might all play roles in the response in the response toward the AA+D regimen. CONCLUSIONS: The present systematic review suggested that steroid switch from P to D might be an effective and safe treatment strategy in a subset of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer after PSA progression on AA+P.

Prostate ; 81(6): 347-356, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33710645


BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is a leading cause of death in men, and effective treatment of PCa requires further development. Our study aimed to investigate the potential role of vinculin (VCL) in PCa progression in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: We investigated the methylation level of the VCL promoter based on the TCGA database. The knockdown efficacy of VCL gene expression was confirmed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, Western blot analysis, and immunofluorescence. Furthermore, morphological changes in PCa cells were detected using phalloidin staining. The mobility of PCa cells was measured using transwell assays and high-content analysis. Moreover, cell growth and viability were determined using the colony formation and cell counting kit-8 assays. The role of VCL in tumor growth in vivo was investigated using a subcutaneous xenograft model generated by injecting tumor cells into the right flank of BALB/c nude mice. RESULTS: The methylation level of the VCL promoter in PCa was significantly downregulated concomitant with age and the progression of nodal metastasis. VCL expression was markedly decreased by shRNA. Importantly, VCL knockdown significantly changed the cell morphology; inhibited the migration, invasion, and movement; and repressed colony formation and viability of PCa cells in vitro. Furthermore, downregulation of VCL suppressed tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Our study comprehensively evaluated the role of VCL in PCa progression in vivo and in vitro. The findings of the present study suggest that VCL can be a potential target for PCa prognosis and treatment.

Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Vinculina/genética , Animais , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Transplante de Neoplasias , Processos Neoplásicos , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/secundário
Asian J Androl ; 2021 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34975068


Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has shown promising results in patients with locally advanced penile cancer. However, no consensus exists on its applications for locally advanced penile cancer. Thus, it is unclear which kind of chemotherapy regimen is the best choice. Consequently, a systematic search of PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE was performed in March 2021 to assess the efficacy and safety of NAC for the treatment of patients with locally advanced penile cancer. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used to assess the risk of bias in each study. This study synthesized 14 published studies. The study revealed that patients who achieved an objective response to NAC obtained a better survival outcome compared with those who did not achieve an objective response. In addition, the objective response rates (ORRs) and pathological complete response (pCR) rates were 0.57 and 0.11, respectively. The incidence of grade ≥3 toxicity was 0.36. Subgroup analysis found that the ORR and pCR of the taxane-platinum (TP) regimen group performed better than those of the nontaxane-platinum (NTP) regimen group (0.57 vs 0.54 and 0.14 vs 0.07, respectively). Moreover, the TP regimen group had more frequent toxicity than the NTP regimen group (0.41 vs 0.26). However, further studies were warranted to confirm the findings.