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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(65): 9300-9303, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666980

RESUMO

Two mixed-metal hydride clusters, corresponding to x = 3 and 4, were structurally characterized from a set of atomically precise heptanuclear clusters, CuxAg7-x(H){S2P(OiPr)2}6 (x = 1-6). An interstitial hydride lying at the center of a tricapped tetrahedral cage was located and refined anisotropically by using X-ray data, and its presence acertained by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy and DFT calculations.

2.
Chemistry ; 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378767

RESUMO

Although atomically precise polyhydrido copper nanoclusters are of prime interest for a variety of applications, they have so far remained scarce. Herein, this work describes the synthesis of a dithiophosphate-protected copper(I) hydride-rich nanocluster (NC), [Cu30 H18 {S2 P(OnPr)2 }12 ] (1H ), fully characterized by various spectroscopic methods and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The X-ray structure of 1H reveals an unprecedented central Cu12 hollow icosahedron. Six faces of this icosahedron are capped by Cu3 triangles, the whole Cu30 core being wrapped by twelve dithiophosphate ligands and the whole cluster has ideal S6 symmetry. The locations of the 18 hydrides in 1H were ascertained by a single-crystal neutron diffraction study. They are composed of three types: capping µ3 -H, interstitial µ4 -H (seesaw) and µ5 -H ligands (square pyramidal), in good agreement with the DFT simulations. The numbers of hydrides and ligand resonances in the 1 H NMR spectrum of 1H are in line with their coordination environment in the solid state, retaining the S6 symmetry in solution. Furthermore, two new Se-protected polyhydrido copper nanoclusters, [Cu30 H18 {Se2 P(OR)2 }12 ] (2H : R=iPr 3H : R=iBu) were synthesized from their sulfur relative 1H via ligand displacement reaction and their X-ray structures feature the exceptional case where both the NC shape and size are fully conserved during the course of ligand exchange. DFT and TD-DFT calculations allow understanding the bonding and optical properties of clusters 1H -3H . In addition, the reaction of 1H with [Pd(PPh3 )2 Cl2 ] in the presence of terminal alkynes led to the formation of new bimetallic Cu-Pd alloy clusters [PdCu14 H2 {S2 P(OnPr)2 }6 (C≡CR)6 ] (4: R=Ph; 5: R=C6 H4 F).

3.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977197

RESUMO

Structurally precise copper hydrides [Cu11H2{S2P(OiPr)2}6(C≡CR)3], R = Ph (1), C6H4F (2), and C6H4OMe (3), were first synthesized from the polyhydrido copper cluster [Cu20H11{S2P(OiPr)2}9] with nine equivalents of terminal alkynes. Later, their isolated yields were significantly improved by direct synthesis from [Cu(CH3CN)4](PF6), [NH4][S2P(OiPr)2], NaBH4, and alkynes along with NEt3 in THF. 1, 2, and 3 were fully characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, ESI-MS, and multinuclear NMR spectroscopy. All three clustershave 11 copper atoms, adopting 3,3,4,4,4-pentacapped trigonal prismatic geometry, with two hydrides inside the Cu11 cage, the position of which was ascertained by a single-crystal neutron diffraction structure of cluster 1 co-crystallized with a [Cu7(H){S2P(OiPr)2}6] (4) cluster. Six dithiophosphate and three alkynyl ligands stabilize the Cu11H2 core in which the two hydrides adopt a trigonal pyramidal coordination mode. This coordination mode is so far unprecedented for hydride. The 1H NMR resonance frequency of the two hydrides appears at 4.8 ppm, a value further confirmed by 2H NMR spectroscopy for their deuteride derivatives [Cu11(D)2{S2P(OiPr)2}6(C≡CR)3]. A DFT investigation allows understanding the bonding within this new type of copper(I) hydrides.

4.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(33): 12957-12961, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378060

RESUMO

Three bimetallic platinum/silver nanoclusters, PtAg20(dtp)12 (1), Pt2Ag33(dtp)17 (2), and Pt3Ag44(dtp)22 (3) (dtp: dipropyl dithiophosphate), with cluster electron counts of 8, 16, and 22, respectively, were produced via a one-phase coreduction method. Single-crystal X-ray structures reveal that their inner cores can be visualized as consisting of one, two, and three centered icosahedral Pt@Ag12 units, respectively. In 2 and 3, these units are vertex-sharing and are assembled linearly. Intriguingly, the 22-electron alloy (3) is isolobal to the linear triiodide anion, I3-, and represents the first example of a cluster made of three superatoms whose bonding characteristics are similar to those of a triatomic molecular species.

5.
Inorg Chem ; 58(10): 7099-7106, 2019 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31046269

RESUMO

A series of seven luminescent copper(I) dithiophosphonate (dtp) clusters of the type Cu4L4 (L = S2PR(OR')-) were formed from CuCl2·2H2O precursor in aqueous medium under ambient conditions. The dtp ligand serves the dual function of acting as a sacrificial reducing agent and cluster core stabilizer. The new clusters were characterized by 1H and 31P NMR and ESI-MS, and the single-crystal X-ray structures for two representative clusters [Cu4{(S2P(1,4-C6H4OMe)(OR')}4] (R' = OCH(CH3)2; CH2C6H5) were determined. The redox reaction yielded clusters in satisfactory yield, and all exhibited luminescence with λemmax in the range 519-534 nm and half-lives in the range 10-14 µs.

6.
Chem Sci ; 9(33): 6785-6795, 2018 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30310611

RESUMO

We have synthesized and structurally characterized a series of centred cuboctahedral copper clusters, namely [Cu13{S2CNR2}6{C[triple bond, length as m-dash]CR'}4](PF6), 1a-d (where a: R = n Bu, R' = CO2Me; b: R = n Bu, R' = CO2Et; c: R = iPr, R' = CO2Et; d: R = n Pr, R' = 3,5-(CF3)2C6H3); [Cu12(µ12-S){S2CNR2}6{C[triple bond, length as m-dash]CR'}4], 2a-c; [Cu12(µ12-Cl){S2CNR2}6{C[triple bond, length as m-dash]CR'}4](PF6), 3a-e (where e: R = n Bu, R' = Ph); [Cu12(µ12-Br){S2CN n Bu2}6{C[triple bond, length as m-dash]CPh}4](PF6), 4e; and [Cu12(µ12-Cl)(µ3-Cl){S2CN n Bu2}6{C[triple bond, length as m-dash]CCO2Me}3]+ 5a. Cluster 1a is the first structurally characterized copper cluster having a Cu13 centered cuboctahedral arrangement, a miniature of the bulk copper fcc structure. Furthermore, the partial Cu(0) character in the 2-electron superatoms 1 was confirmed by XANES. Inverse coordination clusters 2-5 are the first examples of copper clusters containing main group elements (Cl, Br, S) with a hyper-coordination number, twelve. A combined theoretical and experimental study was performed, which shows that the central copper (formally Cu1-) in nanoclusters 1 can be replaced by chalcogen/halogen atoms, resulting in the formation of clusters 2-5 which show enhanced luminescence properties and increase in the ionic component of the host-guest interaction as Br ≈ Cl > S > Cu, which is consistent with the Cu-X Wiberg indices. The new compounds have been characterized by ESI-MS, 1H, 13C NMR, IR, UV-visible, emission spectroscopy, and the structures 2a-b, 3d-e, 4e and 5a were established by X-ray diffraction analysis.

7.
PLoS One ; 13(8): e0202910, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30153273

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that folate levels were decreased in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and further lowered in T2D patients with cognitive impairment. However, whether folate deficiency could cause T2D and subsequent cognitive dysfunction is still unknown. The present study aimed to explore the effects of chronic folate deficiency (CFD) on glucose and lipid metabolism and cognitive function in mice. Seven-week-old mice were fed with either a CFD or control diet for 25 weeks. Serum folate was significantly reduced, whereas serum total homocysteine was significantly increased in the CFD group. Moreover, CFD induced obesity after a 6-week diet treatment, glucose intolerance and insulin resistance after a 16-week-diet treatment. In addition, CFD reduced the hepatic p-Akt/Akt ratio in response to acute insulin administration. Moreover, CFD increased serum triglyceride levels, upregulated hepatic Acc1 and Fasn mRNA expression, and downregulated hepatic Cd36 and ApoB mRNA expression. After a 24-week diet treatment, CFD induced anxiety-related activities and impairment of spatial learning and memory performance. This study demonstrates that folate deficiency could induce obesity, glucose and lipid metabolism disorders and subsequent cognitive dysfunction.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/complicações , Deficiência de Ácido Fólico/complicações , Deficiência de Ácido Fólico/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Animais , Cognição , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Ácido Fólico/sangue , Deficiência de Ácido Fólico/sangue , Deficiência de Ácido Fólico/fisiopatologia , Homocisteína/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Fatores de Tempo
8.
Chemistry ; 24(54): 14352-14357, 2018 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29968945

RESUMO

A templated galvanic exchange performed on [Ag20 {Se2 P(OiPr)2 }12 ] of C3 symmetry with three equiv AuI yields a mixture of [Au1+x Ag20-x {Se2 P(OiPr)2 }12 ]+ (x=0-2) from which [Au@Ag20 {Se2 P(OiPr)2 }12 ]+ and [Au@Au2 Ag18 {Se2 P(OiPr)2 }12 ]+ are successfully characterized to have T and C1 symmetry, respectively. Crystal structural analyses combined with DFT calculations on the model compounds explicitly demonstrate that the central Ag0 of Ag20 being oxidized by AuI migrates to the protecting atomic shell as a new capping AgI , and both second and third Au dopants prefer occupying non-adjacent icosahedron vertices. The differences in symmetry, T and C1 , are manifested in the spatial orientation of their protecting atomic shell composed of eight capping Ag atoms as well as re-construction upon the replacement of Ag atoms on the vertices of AuAg12 icosahedral core with second and third Au dopants. As a result, a unique pathway for substitutional-doped clusters with increased nuclearity is proposed.

9.
Nanoscale ; 10(15): 6855-6860, 2018 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29616252

RESUMO

Controlling the metal nanoclusters with atomic precision is highly difficult and further studies on their transformation reactions are even more challenging. Herein we report the controlled formation of a silver alloy nanocluster [AuAg19{S2P(OnPr)2}12] (1) from an Ag20 template via a galvanic exchange route. X-ray structural analysis reveals that the alloy structure comprises of a gold-centered Ag12 icosahedron, Au@Ag12, capped by seven silver atoms. Interestingly upon reacting with one equiv. of silver(i) salt, (1) can transform into a higher nuclearity nanocluster, [Au@Ag20{S2P(OnPr)2}12]+ (2). The conversion process is studied via ESI mass spectrometry and 31P NMR spectroscopy. This kind of size-structural transformation at the single atom level is quite remarkable. Furthermore, the compositions of all the doped nanoclusters (1, 2) were fully characterized with ESI-MS and EDS. The blue shift depicted in the UV-visible and emission spectra of the doped nanoclusters (1, 2) compared with the precursor, Ag20, demonstrates that the doping atoms have significant effects on the electronic structures.

10.
Chem Asian J ; 13(5): 500-504, 2018 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29363268

RESUMO

Atomically precise Cu-rich bimetallic superatom clusters have been synthesized by adopting a galvanic exchange strategy. [Cu@Cu12 (S2 CNn Bu2 )6 (C≡CPh)4 ][CuCl2 ] (1) was used as a template to generate compositionally uniform clusters [M@Cu12 (S2 CNn Bu2 )6 (C≡CPh)4 ][CuCl2 ], where M=Ag (2), Au (3). Structures of 1, 2 and 3 were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction and the results were supported by ESI-MS. The anatomies of clusters 1-3 are very similar, with a centred cuboctahedral cationic core that is surrounded by six di-butyldithiocarbamate (dtc) and four phenylacetylide ligands. The doped Ag and Au atoms were found to preferentially occupy the centre of the 13-atom cuboctahedral core. Experimental and theoretical analyses of the synthesized clusters revealed that both Ag and Au doping result in significant changes in cluster stability, optical characteristics and enhancement in luminescence properties.

11.
Inorg Chem ; 56(22): 14135-14146, 2017 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29087198

RESUMO

The stability of large ligated copper(I) clusters of undeca- and dodecanuclearity encapsulating iodide and stabilized by dithio- and diseleno-phosph(in)ates was investigated by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. A bonding analysis is provided, which shows strong iono-covalent bonding between the iodide and its host. The electronic structures of the title compounds suggest the possibility for interesting photoluminescent properties, which were fully investigated by time-dependent DFT calculations including vibronic contributions to simulate the phosphorescence spectra. The quantum mechanical results were compared to the experimental data obtained for the new clusters [Cu11(µ9-I)(µ3-I)3{Se2P(OiPr)2}6]+ and [Cu11(µ9-I)(µ3-I)3(Se2PPh2)6]+, whose syntheses, X-ray structures, and full characterizations are reported in this paper. From this combined theoretical/experimental investigation, it is suggested that the encapsulation by the same copper(I) cages of a formally Cu- anion is also possible. DFT calculations on these species are consistent with the existence of stable two-electron superatoms.

12.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 56(34): 10178-10182, 2017 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28544757

RESUMO

The first atomically and structurally precise silver-nanoclusters stabilized by Se-donor ligands, [Ag20 {Se2 P(Oi Pr)2 }12 ] (3) and [Ag21 {Se2 P(OEt)2 }12 ]+ (4), were isolated by ligand replacement reaction of [Ag20 {S2 P(Oi Pr)2 }12 ] (1) and [Ag21 {S2 P(Oi Pr)2 }12 ]+ (2), respectively. Furthermore, doping reactions of 4 with Au(PPh3 )Cl resulted in the formation of [AuAg20 {Se2 P(OEt)2 }12 ]+ (5). Structures of 3, 4, and 5 were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The anatomy of cluster 3 with an Ag20 core having C3 symmetry is very similar to that of its dithiophosphate analogue 1. Clusters 4 and 5 exhibit an Ag21 and Au@Ag20 core of Oh symmetry composed of eight silver capping atoms in a cubic arrangement and encapsulating an Ag13 and Au@Ag12 centered icosahedron, respectively. Both ligand exchange and heteroatom doping result in significant changes in optical and emissive properties for chalcogen-passivated silver nanoparticles, which have been theoretically confirmed as 8-electron superatoms.

13.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 55(47): 14704-14708, 2016 11 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27781357

RESUMO

The first structurally characterized copper cluster with a Cu13 centered cuboctahedral arrangement, a model of the bulk copper fcc structure, was observed in [Cu13 (S2 CNn Bu2 )6 (C≡CR)4 ](PF6 ) (R=C(O)OMe, C6 H4 F) nanoclusters. Four of the eight triangular faces of the cuboctahedron are capped by acetylide groups in µ3  fashion, and each of the six square faces is bridged by a dithiolate ligand in µ2 ,µ2 fashion, which leads to a truncated tetrahedron of twelve sulfur atoms. DFT calculations are fully consistent with the description of these Cu13 clusters as two-electron superatoms, that is, a [Cu13 ]11+ core passivated by ten monoanionic ligands, with an a1 HOMO containing two 1S jellium electrons.

14.
Chemistry ; 22(29): 9943-7, 2016 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27189869

RESUMO

The synthesis and structural determination of a silver nanocluster [Ag20 {S2 P(OiPr)2 }12 ] (2), which contains an intrinsic chiral metallic core, is produced by reduction of one silver ion from the eight-electron superatom complex [Ag21 {S2 P(OiPr)2 }12 ](PF6 ) (1) by borohydrides. Single-crystal X-ray analysis displays an Ag20 core of pseudo C3 symmetry comprising a silver-centered Ag13 icosahedron capped by seven silver atoms. Its n-propyl derivative, [Ag20 {S2 P(OnPr)2 }12 ] (3), can also be prepared by the treatment of silver(I) salts and dithiophosphates in a stoichiometric ratio in the presence of excess amount of [BH4 ](-) . Crystal structure analyses reveal that the capping silver-atom positions relative to their icosahedral core are distinctly different in 2 and 3 and generate isomeric, chiral Ag20 cores. Both Ag20 clusters display an emission maximum in the near IR region. DFT calculations are consistent with a description within the superatom model of an 8-electron [Ag13 ](5+) core protected by a [Ag7 {S2 P(OR)2 }12 ](5-) external shell. Two additional structural variations are predicted by DFT, showing the potential for isomerism in such [Ag20 {S2 P(OR)2 }12 ] species.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 55(7): 3663-73, 2016 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27010989

RESUMO

A series of compounds, namely, [Cu8(µ4-H){S2CNMeCH2Fc}6](PF6) (1), [Cu7(µ4-H) {S2CN(i)PrCH2Fc}6] (2), [Cu3{S2CN(Bz) (CH2Fc)}2(dppf)2](PF6) (3), and [Ag2{S2CNMe(CH2Fc)}2(PPh3)2] (4) (dppf = 1,1'-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene), supported by multiferrocene assemblies, were synthesized. All the compounds were characterized by (1)H NMR, Fourier transform infrared, elemental analysis, and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry techniques. Single-crystal X-ray structural analysis revealed that 1 is a monocationic octanuclear Cu(I) cluster and that 2 is a neutral heptanuclear Cu(I) cluster with tetracapped tetrahedral (1) and tricapped tetrahedral (2) geometries entrapped with an interstitial hydride, anchored by six ferrocene units at the periphery of the core. Compounds 3 and 4 comprise trimetallic Cu(I) and dimetallic Ag(I) cores enfolded by four and two ferrocene moieties. Interestingly both chelating and bridging modes of binding are observed for dppf ligand in 3. Further the formation and isolation of polyhydrido copper clusters [Cu28H15{S2CN(i)PrCH2Fc}12](PF6) (5) and [Cu28H15{S2CN(n)Bu2}12](PF6) (7), stabilized by bulky ferrocenyl and n-butyl dithiocarbamate ligands, was demonstrated. They are readily identified by (2)H NMR studies on their deuterium analogues, [Cu28D15{S2CN(i)PrCH2Fc}12](PF6) (6) and [Cu28D15{S2CN(n)Bu2}12](PF6) (8). Though the structure details as well as spectroscopic characterizations of 5 are yet to be investigated, the compound 7 is fully characterized by variety of spectroscopy including single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The cyclic voltammetry studies for compounds 1, 2, and 4 display irreversible redox peaks for Fe(2+)/Fe(3+) couple wherein the reduction peaks are not well-resolved due to some adsorption of the complex onto the electrode surface.

16.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 54(46): 13604-8, 2015 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26387572

RESUMO

A polyhydrido copper nanocluster, [Cu20H11{Se2P(OiPr)2}9] (2H), which exhibits an intrinsically chiral inorganic core of C3 symmetry, was synthesized from achiral [Cu20H11{S2P(OiPr)2}9] (1H) of C(3h) symmetry by a ligand-exchange method. The structure has a distorted cuboctahedral Cu13 core, two triangular faces of which are capped along the C3 axis, one by a Cu6 cupola and the other by a single Cu atom. The Cu20 framework is further stabilized by 9 diselenophosphate and 11 hydride ligands. The number of hydride, phosphorus, and selenium resonances and their splitting patterns in multinuclear NMR spectra of 2H indicate that the chiral Cu20H11 core retains its C3 symmetry in solution. The 11 hydride ligands were located by neutron diffraction experiments and shown to be capping µ3-H and interstitial µ5-H ligands (in square-pyramidal and trigonal-bipyramidal cavities), as supported by DFT calculations on [Cu20H11(Se2PH2)9] (2H') as a simplified model.

17.
Chemistry ; 21(23): 8369-74, 2015 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25899822

RESUMO

An air- and moisture-stable nanoscale polyhydrido copper cluster [Cu32 (H)20 {S2 P(OiPr)2 }12 ] (1H ) was synthesized and structurally characterized. The molecular structure of 1H exhibits a hexacapped pseudo-rhombohedral core of 14 Cu atoms sandwiched between two nestlike triangular cupola fragments of (2×9) Cu atoms in an elongated triangular gyrobicupola polyhedron. The discrete Cu32 cluster is stabilized by 12 dithiophosphate ligands and a record number of 20 hydride ligands, which were found by high-resolution neutron diffraction to exhibit tri-, tetra-, and pentacoordinated hydrides in capping and interstitial modes. This result was further supported by a density functional theory investigation on the simplified model [Cu32 (H)20 (S2 PH2 )12 ].

18.
Dalton Trans ; 44(12): 5898-908, 2015 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25720450

RESUMO

Neutral tetrahedral [Cu4(Se2CNnPr2)4] (1), monocationic hydride-centered tetracapped tetrahedral [Cu8(H){Se2CNR2}6]+ (R = nPr, 2H; Et, 3H) and neutral hydride-centered tricapped tetrahedral [Cu7(H){Se2CNR2}6] (R = nPr, 4H; Et, 5H) clusters were formed. They are the first Cu(I) complexes supported by dialkyl diselenocarbamates. The as-synthesized complexes 2H and 3H, formed from a reaction mixture of Cu(I) salts, diselenocarbamates, and [BH4]− in an 8:6:1 ratio, can be further reduced to 4H and 5H, respectively, in the presence of one equiv. of [BH4]−. Replacement of [BH4]− with [BD4]− afforded the deuteride analogues [Cu8(D){Se2CNR2}6]+ (R = nPr, 2D; Et, 3D) and [Cu7(D){Se2CNR2}6] (R = nPr, 4D; Et, 5D), which confirm the presence of hydride in the corresponding (2H, 3H, 4H and 5H) compounds. These complexes were fully characterized by elemental analysis, ESI-MS, and 1H, 2H and 77Se NMR spectroscopy, and their molecular structures were unequivocally established by single crystal X-ray crystallographic analyses (1, 2H­5H). The hydride-encapsulated copper frameworks of (2H, 3H) and (4H, 5H) reveal a tetracapped tetrahedral cage of Cu8 and a tricapped tetrahedral cage of Cu7, respectively, which are enclosed within a Se12 icosahedron constituted by six dialkyl diselenocarbamate ligands. Compounds 2H and 3H display orange emission in both the solid and solution state under UV irradiation at 77 K. In addition, the thermolysis behaviors of 2H were studied to demonstrate the potential of these compounds as single-source precursors for copper selenide nanocomposites, which were analyzed by XRD, EDX, and SEM techniques.

19.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 54(12): 3702-6, 2015 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25631754

RESUMO

A novel discrete [Ag21{S2P(OiPr)2}12](PF6) nanocluster has been synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and also NMR spectroscopy ((1)H, (31)P), ESI mass spectrometry, and other analytic techniques (XPS, EDS, UV/Vis spectroscopy). The Ag21 skeleton has an unprecedented silver-centered icosahedron that is capped by eight additional metal atoms. The whole framework is protected by twelve dithiophosphate ligands. According to the spherical Jellium model, the stability of monocationic nanocluster can be described by an 8-electron superatom with 1S(2) 1P(6) configuration, as confirmed by DFT calculations.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 53(20): 11140-5, 2014 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25290745

RESUMO

The structure of a nanospheric polyhydrido copper cluster, [Cu20(H)11{S2P(O(i)Pr)2}9], was determined by single-crystal neutron diffraction. The Cu20 cluster consists of an elongated triangular orthobicupola constructed from 18 Cu atoms that encapsulate a [Cu2H5](3-) ion with an exceptionally short Cu-Cu distance. The 11 hydrides in the cluster display three different coordination modes to the Cu atoms: six µ3-hydrides in a pyramidal geometry, two µ4-hydrides in a tetrahedral cavity, and three µ4-hydrides in an unprecedented near square-planar geometry. The neutron data set was collected for 7 days on a small crystal with dimensions of 0.20 mm × 0.50 mm × 0.65 mm using the Spallation Neutron Source TOPAZ single-crystal time-of-flight Laue diffractometer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The final R-factor was 8.63% for 16,014 reflections.

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