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1.
Crit Care Resusc ; 22(2): 126-132, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32389104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To determine the temporal trends of incidence and outcome based on different sources of sepsis using a nationwide administrative database. METHODS: From 2002 to 2012, the entire Taiwan's health insurance claims data of emergency-treated and hospital-treated sepsis were analysed for incidence and mortality trends. The information about patients with sepsis and sources of sepsis was identified using a set of validated International Classification of Diseases, ninth revision, clinical modification (ICD-9-CM) codes. The 30-day all-cause mortality was verified by linked death certificate database. RESULTS: A total of 1 259 578 episodes of sepsis were identified during the 11-year study period. Lower respiratory tract infection is the most common source of sepsis in patients, with the highest mortality rate. The incidence of genitourinary tract infection has the fastest growing rate. The sepsis mortality was declining at different rates for each source of sepsis. Co-infections in patients with sepsis are associated with higher mortality rate. CONCLUSION: The temporal trends of sepsis incidence and mortality varied among different sources of sepsis, with lower respiratory tract being the highest burden among patients with sepsis. Furthermore, sources of sepsis and the presence of co-infection are independent predictors of mortality. Our results support source-specific preventive and treatment strategies for future sepsis management.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Sepse/etiologia , Feminino , Doenças Urogenitais Femininas/epidemiologia , Doenças Urogenitais Femininas/etiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Classificação Internacional de Doenças , Masculino , Doenças Urogenitais Masculinas/epidemiologia , Doenças Urogenitais Masculinas/etiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/etiologia , Sepse/epidemiologia , Sepse/mortalidade , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Infecções Urinárias/epidemiologia , Infecções Urinárias/etiologia
2.
Anesth Analg ; 125(5): 1549-1557, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28930937

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several clinical trials on hypertonic fluid administration have been completed, but the results have been inconclusive. The objective of this study is to summarize current evidence for treating hypovolemic patients with hypertonic solutions by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Major electronic databases were searched from inception through June 2014. We included only randomized controlled trials involving hemorrhagic shock patients treated with hypertonic solutions. After screening 570 trials, 12 were eligible for the final analysis. Pooled effect estimates were calculated with a random effect model. RESULTS: The 12 studies included 6 trials comparing 7.5% hypertonic saline (HS) with 0.9% saline or Ringer's lactate solution and 11 trials comparing 7.5% hypertonic saline with dextran (HSD) with isotonic saline or Ringer's lactate. Overall, there were no statistically significant survival benefits for patients treated with HS (relative risk [RR], 0.96; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.82-1.12) or HSD (RR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.80-1.06). Treatment with hypertonic solutions was also not associated with increased complications (RR, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.78-1.36). Subgroup analysis on trauma patients in the prehospital or emergency department settings did not change these conclusions. There was no evidence of significant publication bias. Meta-regression analysis did not find any significant sources of heterogeneity. CONCLUSIONS: Current evidence does not reveal increased mortality when the administration of isotonic solutions is compared to HS or HSD in trauma patients with hemorrhagic shock. HS or HSD may be a viable alternative resuscitation fluid in the prehospital setting. Further studies are needed to determine the optimum volume and regimen of intravenous fluids for the treatment of trauma patients.


Assuntos
Dextranos/administração & dosagem , Hidratação/métodos , Hemodinâmica , Soluções Isotônicas/administração & dosagem , Solução Salina Hipertônica/administração & dosagem , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia , Cloreto de Sódio/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Dextranos/efeitos adversos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Hidratação/efeitos adversos , Hidratação/mortalidade , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Soluções Isotônicas/efeitos adversos , Razão de Chances , Lactato de Ringer , Fatores de Risco , Solução Salina Hipertônica/efeitos adversos , Choque Hemorrágico/diagnóstico , Choque Hemorrágico/mortalidade , Choque Hemorrágico/fisiopatologia , Cloreto de Sódio/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Biomark Med ; 10(3): 329-42, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26860036

RESUMO

AIM: Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a new biomarker for assessing prognosis of heart failure (HF) patients. This systemic review and meta-analysis aims to examine Gal-3's ability in assessing prognosis of HF patients. METHOD: We searched MEDLINE and Embase up to November 2014. Test performance characteristics were summarized using forest plots and hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristic curves. RESULTS: The diagnostic odds ratio of Gal-3 in predicting mortality in chronic HF patients was 2.36 (95% CI: 1.71-3.26) and 2.30 (95% CI: 1.76-3.01) in acute HF patients. CONCLUSION: Elevated levels of Gal-3 are associated with mortality in both acute and chronic HF patients. However, current evidence does not support sole use of Gal-3 for prognosis evaluation of HF patients.


Assuntos
Galectina 3/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Doença Aguda , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 95(2): e2444, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26765431

RESUMO

Coronary artery (CA) abnormalities influence exercise capacity (EC) of patients with Kawasaki disease (KD), and Z-score of CA is a well established method for detecting CA aneurysm. We studied the influence of KD on cardiopulmonary function and EC; meanwhile we analyzed echocardiographic findings of KD patients. We also assessed the correlation between CA Z-score and EC of KD patients to see if CA Z-score of KD patients could reflect EC during exercise.Sixty-three KD patients were recruited as KD group 1 from children (aged 5-18 y) who received transthoracic echocardiographic examinations and symptom-limited treadmill exercise test for regular follow-up of KD from January 2010 to October 2014 in 1 medical center. We then divided KD group 1 into KD group 2 (<5 y, n = 12) and KD group 3 (≥5 y, n = 51) according to time interval between KD onset to when patients received test. Control groups were matched by age, sex, and body mass index. Max-Z of CA was defined as the maximal Z-score of the proximal LCA or RCA by Dalliarre equation or Fuse calculator.All routine parameters measured during standard exercise test were similar between KD and control groups, except that peak rate pressure products (PRPPs) in KD group 1 to 3 were all lower than corresponding control groups significantly (P = 0.010, 0.020, and 0.049, respectively). PRPPs correlated with Max-Z of CA by both equations modest inversely (by Dallaire, P = 0.017, Spearman rho = -0.301; by Fuse, P = 0.014, Spearman rho = -0.309).Our study recruited larger number of KD patients and provided a newer data of EC of KD patients. Our finding suggests that after acute stage of KD, patients could maintain normal cardiorespiratory fitness. Therefore, we believe that it is important to promote cardiovascular health to KD patients and KD patients should exercise as normal peers. However, since KD patients might still have compromised coronary perfusion during exercise, it remains crucial to assess and monitor cardiovascular risk of KD patients. Max-Z of CA correlates with PRPP modest inversely and might be used as a follow-up indicator of CA reserve during exercise after acute stage of KD.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Testes de Função Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Valores de Referência , Testes de Função Respiratória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais
5.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 23(10): 1045-50, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26701873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) and peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) are exercise parameters that can predict cardiac morbidity in patients with numerous heart diseases. But the predictive value in patients with tetralogy of Fallot is still undetermined, especially in children. We evaluated the prognostic value of OUES and VO2peak in children with total repair of tetralogy of Fallot. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Forty tetralogy of Fallot patients younger than 12 years old were recruited. They underwent a cardiopulmonary exercise test during the follow-up period after total repair surgery. The results of the cardiopulmonary exercise test were used to predict the cardiac related hospitalization in the following two years after the test. RESULTS: OUES normalized by body surface area (OUES/BSA) and the percentage of predicted VO2peak appeared to be predictive for two-year cardiac related hospitalization. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis demonstrated that the best threshold value for OUES/BSA was 1.029 (area under the curve = 0.70, p = 0.03), and for VO2peak was 74% of age prediction (area under the curve = 0.72, p = 0.02). The aforementioned findings were confirmed by Kaplan-Meier plots and log-rank test. CONCLUSIONS: OUES/BSA and VO2peak are useful predictors of cardiac-related hospitalization in children with total repair of tetralogy of Fallot.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Tetralogia de Fallot/metabolismo , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Tetralogia de Fallot/mortalidade , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia
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