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1.
J Exp Med ; 218(1)2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991667

RESUMO

In addition to Foxp3+ CD4+ regulatory T cells (CD4+ T reg cells), Foxp3- CD8+ regulatory T cells (CD8+ T reg cells) are critical to maintain immune tolerance. However, the molecular programs that specifically control CD8+ but not CD4+ T reg cells are largely unknown. Here, we demonstrate that simultaneous disruption of both TGF-ß receptor and transcription factor Eomesodermin (Eomes) in T cells results in lethal autoimmunity due to a specific defect in CD8+ but not CD4+ T reg cells. Further, TGF-ß signal maintains the regulatory identity, while Eomes controls the follicular location of CD8+ T reg cells. Both TGF-ß signal and Eomes coordinate to promote the homeostasis of CD8+ T reg cells. Together, we have identified a unique molecular program designed for CD8+ T reg cells.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010445

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Mycoplasma pneumoniae is currently the most commonly detected bacterial cause of childhood community-acquired pneumonia in several countries. Of note, clonal expansion of macrolide-resistant ST3 occurred in Japan and South Korea. An alarming surge in macrolide resistance complicated the treatment of pneumonia. We aimed to evaluate the clinical manifestation and the clonal relatedness of M. pneumoniae circulating among children in Taiwan. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 626 children with radiologically confirmed pneumonia between 2017 and 2019. M. pneumoniae infection was suspected on clinical grounds, and tested by real-time polymerase chain reaction and oropharyngeal swab cultures. We used multi-locus sequence typing and whole-genome sequencing to characterize the genetic features of M. pneumoniae. RESULTS: A total of 226 children with M. pneumoniae pneumonia were enrolled. Macrolide resistance was found in 77% (174/226) patients. Multi-locus sequence typing revealed that ST3 (n=93) and its single-locus variant ST17 (n=84) were the predominant clones among macrolide-resistant strains. ST17 presented clinical characteristics comparable to its ancestor ST3. On multivariate analysis, macrolide resistance (OR, 3.5; 95%IC, 1.4-8.5; P=0.007) was independently associated with fever >72 hours after macrolide treatment. By whole genome sequencing, prediction analysis of recombination sites revealed one recombination site in ST3 and ST17 compared with M29 (a macrolide-sensitive ST3 strain isolated from China in 2005))containing cytadhesin MgpC-like protein, RepMP4, and RepMP5. ST17 had another recombination site containing an adhesin and RepMP2/3. CONCLUSIONS: In addition to macrolide resistance, ST3 and its ST17 variant might evolve through recombination between repetitive sequences and non-P1 cytadhesins for persistent circulation in Taiwan.

3.
Discov Med ; 29(157): 129-137, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002409

RESUMO

Sepsis is a life-threatening clinical condition demanding accurate and rapid diagnosis of the culprit pathogen, thereby to improve prognosis. Pathogen determination through blood culture is the gold standard for diagnosis but has limitations due to low sensitivity. Recently, circulating DNAs derived from pathogenic organisms were found in the plasma of patients with sepsis and were further proved to be more sensitive biomarkers for the diagnosis of the pathogen origin in sepsis. However, the fundamental molecular characteristics of circulating DNA in patients with sepsis remain unclear. Here, we used specific PCR and Sanger sequencing to verify the microbiology culture results via the corresponding plasma circulating DNA. We analyzed the composition and molecular characteristics of circulating DNA in septic patients using next-generation sequencing technology. We showed the presence of pathogen-derived circulating DNA in the plasma of patients with sepsis. The sizes of circulating DNA fragments derived from pathogenic bacteria showed a skewed unimodal distribution, while those derived from host cells showed a normal unimodal distribution. Lengths of fragments at peak concentration for both origins ranged from 150 bp to 200 bp, and reads mapping to pathogenic bacteria genome distributed uniformly on the reference. Our findings have improved our understanding of microbial circulating DNA in patients with sepsis as a potential methodology for the accurate diagnosis of sepsis, especially in light of an urgent need for such a diagnosis associated with the COVID-19 infection.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/sangue , DNA Bacteriano/sangue , Sepse/microbiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Infecções Bacterianas/complicações , Infecções Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Betacoronavirus , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/análise , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Cultura , DNA Bacteriano/análise , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/complicações , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/diagnóstico , Análise de Sequência de DNA
4.
Updates Surg ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048340

RESUMO

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy and percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) are common treatments for patients with acute cholecystitis. However, the safety and efficacy of emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy (ELC) and delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy (DLC) after PTGBD in patients with acute cholecystitis remain unclear. The PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were searched through October 2019. The quality of the included nonrandomized studies was assessed using the Methodological Index for Nonrandomized Studies (MINORS). The meta-analysis was performed using STATA version 14.2. A random-effects model was used to calculate the outcomes. A total of fifteen studies involving 1780 patients with acute cholecystitis were included in the meta-analysis. DLC after PTGBD was associated with a shorter operative time (SMD - 0.51; 95% CI - 0.89 to - 0.13; P = 0.008), a lower conversion rate (RR 0.43; 95% CI 0.26 to 0.69; P = 0.001), less intraoperative blood loss (SMD - 0.59; 95% CI - 0.96 to - 0.22; P = 0.002) and longer time of total hospital stay compared to ELC (SMD 0.91; 95% CI 0.57-1.24; P < 0.001). There was no difference in the postoperative complications (RR 0.68; 95% CI 0.48-0.97; P = 0.035), biliary leakage (RR 0.65; 95% CI 0.34-1.22; P = 0.175) or mortality (RR 1.04; 95% CI 0.39-2.80; P = 0.933). Compared to ELC, DLC after PTGBD had the advantages of a shorter operative time, a lower conversion rate and less intraoperative blood loss.

5.
Lupus ; : 961203320959716, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028176

RESUMO

Although the original purpose of the systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) classification criteria was to distinguish SLE from other mimic diseases, and to facilitate sample selection in scientific research, they have become widely used as diagnostic criteria in clinical situations. It is not known yet if regarding classification criteria as diagnostic criteria, what problems might be encountered? This is the first study comparing the three sets of classification criteria for SLE, the 1997 American College of Rheumatology (ACR'97), 2012 Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC'12) and 2019 European League Against Rheumatism/American College of Rheumatology (EULAR/ACR'19), for their ability to distinguish patients with SLE from patients with pure mucocutaneous manifestations (isolated cutaneous lupus erythematosus without internal disease, i-CLE) in the lupus disease spectrum. 1,865 patients with SLE and 232 patients with i-CLE were recruited from a multicenter study. We found that, due to low specificity, none of the three criteria are adept at distinguishing patients with SLE from patients with i-CLE. SLICC'12 performed best among the original three criteria, but if a positive ANA was removed as an entry criterion, EULAR/ACR'19 would performed better. A review of previous studies that compared the three sets of criteria was presented in this work.

6.
Clin Nutr ; 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common disease with potential sex-based difference in the prevalence and prognosis. Copper deficiency may affect the antioxidant defense system and lead to the progression of NAFLD. This study aimed to evaluate the association between blood copper and NAFLD according to sex difference. METHODS: A case-control study of 1816 cases of NAFLD and 1111 sex- and age-matched control cases was conducted in Tangshan, China, from January 1, 2016, to December 31, 2017, based on the Kailuan cohort. In men and women, logistic regression analysis was separately applied to determine the risk of NAFLD, severity of NAFLD based on hepatic steatosis, the NAFLD fibrosis score, and fibrosis-4 score, for each quartile of blood copper with the lowest quartile as the reference. In addition, the effect of metabolic syndrome on the association between copper and NAFLD was assessed. RESULTS: In men, blood copper concentration was lower in the NAFLD group (mean ± SD: 0.617 ± 0.117 µg/mL) than in the control group (mean ± SD: 0.655 ± 0.133 µg/mL) (P < 0.001). After adjustment for possible confounders, the odds ratio of NAFLD at the highest quartile of copper compared to the lowest quartile was 0.57 (95% CI: 0.41-0.80) and the protective effect of higher blood copper was increased with the severity of NAFLD. In the results of stratified analysis, lower copper concentration was a significant additional factor that contributed to higher risk of NAFLD in male subjects with metabolic syndrome. However, no significant association was observed between copper and NAFLD in women with different characteristics, except an NAFLD fibrosis score < -1.455 and moderate hepatic steatosis. CONCLUSIONS: Higher copper levels achieved significant protective effect against NAFLD in men but not in women. Sex-specific intervention is a potential tool for the prevention of development of NAFLD.

7.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1565, 2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This is a cross-sectional study to explore the age and gender specific association between obesity and depression in Chinese rural adults. METHODS: A total of 29,900 eligible participants from the Henan Rural Cohort Study were included. Standard anthropometric measurements were undertaken to obtain data on body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). The Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2) was utilized to discover depressive symptoms. Logistic regression was performed to explore the association between obesity (independent variable) and depressive symptoms (dependent variable). RESULTS: There were 1777 subjects with depressive symptoms, accounting for 5.94%. After multivariable adjustment, compared with normal weight group, the odds ratios (ORs) [95% confidence interval (CI)] for depressive symptoms in underweight, overweight and general obese groups were 1.41 (1.08-1.84), 0.87 (0.78-0.97) and 0.86 (0.74-0.99), respectively. Similarly, the OR (95% CI) of abdominal obesity group was 0.84 (0.76-0.93). Besides, there was linear decreasing trend of WC with depressive symptoms, but not BMI. Moreover, the inverse association between obesity and depressive symptoms was stronger in men and the elderly than that in women and the young. CONCLUSION: Underweight was associated with a higher prevalence of depressive symptoms, which indicated that health care should pay attention to underweight as well as obesity, especially for women and the young. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: The Henan Rural Cohort Study has been registered at Chinese Clinical Trial Register (Registration number: ChiCTR-OOC-15006699 ). Date of registration: 2015-07-06.

8.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073893

RESUMO

Epilepsy is a common brain network disorder associated with disrupted large-scale excitatory and inhibitory neural interactions. Recent resting-state fMRI evidence indicates that global signal (GS) fluctuations that have commonly been ignored are linked to neural activity. However, the mechanisms underlying the altered global pattern of fMRI spontaneous fluctuations in epilepsy remain unclear. Here, we quantified GS topography using beta weights obtained from a multiple regression model in a large group of epilepsy with different subtypes (98 focal temporal epilepsy; 116 generalized epilepsy) and healthy population (n = 151). We revealed that the nonuniformly distributed GS topography across association and sensory areas in healthy controls was significantly shifted in patients. Particularly, such shifts of GS topography disturbances were more widespread and bilaterally distributed in the midbrain, cerebellum, visual cortex, and medial and orbital cortex in generalized epilepsy, whereas in focal temporal epilepsy, these networks spread beyond the temporal areas but mainly remain lateralized. Moreover, we found that these abnormal GS topography patterns were likely to evolve over the course of a longer epilepsy disease. Our study demonstrates that epileptic processes can potentially affect global excitation/inhibition balance and shift the normal GS topological distribution. These progressive topographical GS disturbances in subcortical-cortical networks may underlie pathophysiological mechanisms of global fluctuations in human epilepsy.

10.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 14538, 2020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32883983

RESUMO

Regulatory factor X-5 (RFX5) represents a key transcription regulator of MHCII gene expression in the immune system. This study aims to explore the molecular mechanisms and biological significance of RFX5. Firstly, by analyzing ENCODE chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP)-seq in HepG2 and TCGA RNA-seq data, we discovered lysine-specific demethylase 4A (KDM4A), also named JMJD2A, to be a major downstream target gene of RFX5. Moreover, RFX5 was verified to bind directly to the KDM4A's promoter region and sequentially promoted its transcription determined by the ChIP-PCR assay and luciferase assay. In addition, RFX5-dependent regulation of KDM4A was demonstrated in HCC. Compared with adjacent non-tumor tissues, the expression levels of KDM4A were significantly raised in HCC tumor tissues. Notably, elevated levels of KDM4A were strongly correlated with HCC patient prognosis. Functionally, KDM4A overexpression largely rescued the growth inhibitory effects of RFX5 deletion, highlighting KDM4A as a downstream effector of RFX5. Mechanistically, the RFX5-KDM4A pathway promoted the progression of the cell cycle from G0/G1 to S phase and was protective against cell apoptosis through regulation of p53 and its downstream genes in HCC. In conclusion, RFX5 could promote HCC progression via transcriptionally activating KDM4A expression.

11.
Environ Res ; : 110176, 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950515

RESUMO

To minimize waste production and reduce reliance on fossil fuels, agricultural waste such as rice straw has been actively used in biochemical production. In Taiwan, cellulosic waste has been used in anaerobic digestion for bioethanol production. This process produces a large amount of biomass-associated sludge that may become a serious environmental issue. Therefore, in this study, the anaerobic digestion sludge was recycled for the production of activated carbon via pyrolysis and activation by KOH. Surface characterization showed increased surface area and development of microporous structure upon activation. The FTIR image showed that high temperature activation eliminated most functional groups in the activated carbon, except for C=O and C-O groups. The results showed that the activated carbon could be used for pollutant adsorbents such as molecular dyes (methylene blue: 217 mg g-1) and metal ions (copper: 169 mg g-1) from aqueous solution. In addition, the as-synthesized activated carbon can be used for CO2 capture and capacitor. Instead of focusing on one single application, we proposed that centralized production of activated carbon could be used in various applications, while further modification could be adopted depending on the need of its specific application.

12.
J Int Med Res ; 48(9): 300060520952275, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962507

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the clinical value of a decrease in hemoglobin concentration (HC) after the onset of sepsis for predicting occurrence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants with late-onset sepsis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study between January 2015 and January 2020. Premature neonates (gestational age <37 weeks) with late-onset sepsis (age >3 days) were enrolled. According to the degree of reduction in HC, neonates were divided into the non-decrease group, mild decrease group, and severe decrease group. Demographic data, perinatal conditions, blood cell count analysis, blood culture, and treatment measures were compared. RESULTS: Eighty premature infants with sepsis were studied. The mortality rate and incidence of NEC were significantly higher in the severe decrease group than in the non-decrease and mild decrease groups. Significant differences were observed in the decrease in HC, red blood cell transfusion, and ventilator application between the NEC and non-NEC groups. A significant decrease in HC was an independent risk factor for NEC in preterm infants with sepsis. CONCLUSION: A significant decrease in HC is an independent risk factor for NEC and may predict the occurrence of NEC in preterm infants with sepsis.

13.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921112

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients with severe acute dyspnea due to malignant tracheal stenosis or tracheoesophageal fistula often need advanced respiratory support. Tracheal stenting is an important palliative treatment of such patients. This study retrospectively analyzes the efficacy and outcomes of airway stenting in patients with tracheal stenosis or tracheoesophageal fistula. METHODS: Patients underwent stenting from 2005 to 2018 in a single center were reviewed. Ninety-seven patients with malignant tracheal stenosis and/or tracheoesophageal fistula who underwent stenting were analyzed, all these patients had poor respiratory status. RESULTS: The median survival time of patients after stent placement was 119 days. Forty-five patients were treated with anti-tumor therapy after placing the stent. Discharged intensive care unit (ICU) within 3 days and postoperative antitumor treatment were independent predictors for the survival time after tracheal stenting (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Tracheal stent implantation played an important role for additional anti-cancer treatment.

14.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(9): 721, 2020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32883954

RESUMO

High-level expression of ASC (Apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD) leads to lymph node metastasis in OSCC, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here, we show that HIF-1α participates in ASC-induced metastasis. We identified 195 cell-motion-associated genes that were highly activated in ASC-overexpressed SAS_ASC cells; of them, 14 representative genes were found to be overexpressed in OSCC tissues in our previously reported RNA-seq dataset, OSCC-Taiwan. Nine of the 14 genes were also upregulated in OSCC-TCGA samples. Among the nine genes, RRAS2, PDGFA, and VEGFA, were correlated with poor overall survival of patients in OSCC-TCGA dataset. We further demonstrated that the promoters of these 14 ASC-induced genes contained binding motifs for the transcription-regulating factor, HIF-1α. We observed that ASC interacted with and stabilized HIF-1α in both the cytoplasm and the nucleus under normoxia. Molecules involved in the HIF-1α pathway, such as VHL and PHD2, showed no difference in their gene and protein levels in the presence or absence of ASC, but the expression of HIF-1α-OH, and the ubiquitination of HIF-1α were both decreased in SAS_ASC cells versus SAS_con cells. The migration and invasion activities of SAS_ASC cells were reduced when cells were treated with the HIF-1α synthesis inhibitor, digoxin. Taken together, our results demonstrate that the novel ASC-HIF-1α regulatory pathway contributes to lymph node metastasis in OSCC, potentially suggesting a new treatment strategy for OSCC.

15.
Arab J Gastroenterol ; 21(3): 156-161, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912748

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & STUDY AIMS: Corona virus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic has markedly impacted routine medical services including gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy. We aim to report the real-life performance in high volume GI endoscopy units during the pandemic. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A web-based survey covering all aspects of daily performance in GI endoscopy units was sent to endoscopy units worldwide. Responses were collected and data were analyzed to reveal the effect of COVID-19 pandemic on endoscopy practice. RESULTS: Participants from 48 countries (n = 163) responded to the survey with response rate of 67.35%. The majority (85%) decreased procedure volume by over 50%, and four endoscopy units (2.45%) completely stopped. The top three indications for procedures included upper GI bleeding (89.6%), lower GI bleeding (65.6%) and cholangitis (62.6%). The majority (93.9%) triaged patients for COVID-19 prior to procedure. N95 masks were used in (57.1%), isolation gowns in (74.2%) and head covers in (78.5%). Most centers (65%) did not extend use of N95 masks, however 50.9% of centers reused N95 masks. Almost all (91.4%) centers used standard endoscopic decontamination and most (69%) had no negative pressure rooms. Forty-two centers (25.8%) reported positive cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection among patients and 50 (30.7%) centers reported positive cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection among their healthcare workers. CONCLUSIONS: Most GI endoscopy centers had a significant reduction in their volume and most procedures performed were urgent. Most centers used the recommended personal protective equipment (PPE) by GI societies however there is still a possibility of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 infection in GI endoscopy units.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/estatística & dados numéricos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Seleção de Pacientes , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22028, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899057

RESUMO

Comparison of different anticoagulants in blood management and complications with tranexamic acid (TXA) in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is unclear. Our aim was to compare the efficacy and safety among receiving nadroparin calcium, enoxaparin sodium or rivaroxaban after TXA in THA.150 patients undergoing primary unilateral THA were received 15 mg/kg intravenous TXA (IV-TXA) before skin incision, followed by 1 of nadroparin calcium (Group A), enoxaparin sodium (Group B), or rivaroxaban (Group C) randomly during hospitalization. The primary outcome was hidden blood loss (HBL). Other outcomes such as the maximum hemoglobin (Hb) drop, total blood loss (TBL), the volume of drainage, transfusion rate, length of hospital stay (LOS), and complications were also compared.There were no statistically significant differences in HBL, the maximum hemoglobin (Hb) drop, transfusion rate, and complications among 3 groups. LOS was significantly higher for patients in Group B than Group A (P = .026). Neither deep venous thrombosis (DVT) nor pulmonary embolism (PE) occurred in any group.There were no differences in efficacy and safety in patients undergoing THA receiving nadroparin calcium, enoxaparin sodium, or rivaroxaban after anti-fibrinolysis with TXA.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Antifibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Ácido Tranexâmico/efeitos adversos , Administração Intravenosa , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Antifibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , China/epidemiologia , Enoxaparina/administração & dosagem , Enoxaparina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/análise , Hospitalização , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/tendências , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nadroparina/administração & dosagem , Nadroparina/efeitos adversos , Sangue Oculto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rivaroxabana/administração & dosagem , Rivaroxabana/efeitos adversos , Segurança , Ácido Tranexâmico/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(5): 675-679, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975083

RESUMO

Objective: To verify the secretory ability of the hypoxic response protein 1 (HRP1) encoded by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) Rv2626c. Methods: The target gene attached with His tag was amplified from the genome of Mtb standard virulence strain H37Rv. The recombinant plasmid contained the above amplified product was constructed and electroporated into Mycobacterium smegmatis (Ms) (MC 2155) to construct a recombinant strain. Protein expression was induced under heat condition, and the expression of protein from the culture filtrates and the bacterial lysates was detected afterward. The 10 kDa culture filtrate antigen (CFP-10) (Ms) and CFP-10 (Mtb) were used as positive controls, and the cytoplasmic protein heat shock protein 65 (GroEL2) (Mtb) was used as negative controls. Results: The HRP1, GroEL2 (Mtb), CFP-10 (Mtb) and CFP-10 (Ms) were successfully amplified by PCR from recombinant plasmid, and sequencing results of the recombinant plasmid is right, confirming the successful construction of the recombinant plasmid. The recombinant Ms was successfully constructed and it could express the proteins GroEL2 (Mtb), HRP1, CFP-10 (Mtb) and CFP-10 (Ms). The target protein HRP1 was detected in both of the lysate and the culture filtrate of the recombinant strain by Western blot, which was consistent with the positive control CFP-10. The negative control GroEL2 (Mtb) was only detected in the bacterial lysate, but not detected in the culture filtrate. Conclusion: The protein HRP1 encoded by Mtb Rv2626c can be secreted out of Ms by the secretion system of Ms. It may be a secreted protein and play an important role in the pathogenesis of Mtb.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(32): e21495, 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769885

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between doctor-shopping behavior and clinical conditions, and to clearly outline the effects of both the number of clinic visits and the number of doctor changes on patients' health conditions. Data from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2004 was collected from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. After randomly selecting one million people, we extracted 5-year longitudinal data, about the number of clinic visits, number of doctor changes, and changes in self-health status for each patient with diabetes over the age of 18. We developed a relationship among the variables by using the generalized estimating equation. The results revealed that the number of clinic visits on the change of health status is a U curve, suggesting that health condition could be optimal with an appropriate number of clinic visits. The effect of the number of doctor changes is linearly correlated with health deterioration. The results suggest that disease conditions can only be controlled with an adequate number of clinic visits. Excessively frequent clinic visits are not only unfavorable to patients' health status but are also wasteful of limited medical resources. For diabetic mellitus patients, the more they change doctors, the worse their health status. All of these results are important for patients to stay healthy and to save medical resources.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Assistência Ambulatorial/psicologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Diabetes Mellitus/psicologia , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan
19.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 91(7): 073703, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32752832

RESUMO

We design and build a horizontal-type aperture based scanning near-field optical microscope (a-SNOM) with superior mechanical stability toward high-resolution and non-destructive topographic and optical imaging. We adopt the torsional mode in AFM (atomic force microscopy) operation to achieve a better force sensitivity and a higher topographic resolution when using pyramidal a-SNOM tips. The performance and stability of the AFM are evaluated through single-walled carbon nanotube and poly(3-hexyl-thiophene) nanowire samples. An optical resolution of 93 nm is deduced from the a-SNOM imaging of a metallic grating. Finally, a-SNOM fluorescence imaging of soft lipid domains is successfully achieved without sample damage by our horizontal-type a-SNOM instrument with torsional mode AFM operation.

20.
Phytother Res ; 2020 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32749748

RESUMO

Aurantio-obtusin (AUR) is the main bioactive compound among the anthraquinones, from Cassia seed extract. This study was conducted to identify whether AUR could improve obesity and insulin resistance, induced by a high-fat diet in obese mice. Mice were fed a high-fat diet for 6 weeks and were then assigned to the high-fat diet (HFD) control group, the AUR 5 mg/kg group, or the AUR 10 mg/kg group. AUR improves glucose by activating the expression of PI3K, Akt and GLUT4, GLUT2. AUR altered the expression levels of several lipid metabolism-related and adipokine genes. AUR decreased the mRNA expression of PPAR-γ, FAS and increased the mRNA expression of PPAR-α in liver. AUR lowered SREBP-1c, FAS, SCD-1, inflammatory cytokines, and increased the expression of PPAR-γ, PPAR-α, CPT-1, and adiponectin in white adipose tissue (WAT). AUR docking with the insulin receptor showed that the residues of the insulin receptor, ectodomain, were the same as those around the emodin. The effect of AUR may be elicited by regulating the activity of the insulin signaling pathway, expression of lipid metabolism-related genes, and expression of inflammatory cytokine markers to improve adiposity, insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia.

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