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1.
Pain Manag ; 10(5): 283-290, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32781939

RESUMO

The aim of the present study is to describe a study protocol to compare different types of analgesic electrical currents on pain intensity and sensory comfort during the application of carboxytherapy for the treatment of cellulite. Seventy five women with the presence of moderate and/or severe gluteal cellulite will be randomly allocated into three groups: carboxytherapy plus transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, carboxytherapy plus interferential current or carboxytherapy plus Aussie current. Pain intensity, which is the primary outcome, will be measured by a numeric rating scale (0-10). The secondary outcome is sensory comfort, which will be measured using the visual analogue scale (0-10). Trial registration: Brazilian Clinical Trials Registry: ReBEC (RBR-6z82zb) www.ensaiosclinicos.gov.br/rg/RBR-6z82zb/.

2.
Lasers Med Sci ; 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32472427

RESUMO

Non-ablative and ablative fractional erbium lasers are among the most frequently used resources in dermatology for facial rejuvenation and for treating dermatological disorders. This type of erbium laser can be found at wavelengths of 1540 or 1550 nm, which are classified as non-ablative erbium glass, and at 2940 nm, classified as ablative erbium YAG. Despite the reports of their clinical benefits, few scientific studies have demonstrated the efficacy and safety of these lasers in the short or long term. In order to substantiate the effects, benefits, and safety of applying the erbium glass and erbium YAG lasers, a systematic review was carried out from August to December 2019 about studies published in the last 20 years. Randomized clinical trials in humans were considered that evaluated the efficacy, safety, and benefits of applying the fractional lasers erbium glass and erbium YAG to facial rejuvenation, skin spots, and atrophic acne scars. A total of 338 articles were identified; 76 articles remained after their titles and abstracts were read, and 42 articles were selected after removing the duplicates. After the articles were read in full, 17 of these articles were included in the systematic review (453 patients). The erbium glass and erbium YAG lasers seem promising in the short term, with minimal adverse effects; however, the long-term efficacy and safety still present limitations. Consequently, future research is needed, with better methodological standardization and a follow-up with a longer evaluation period for possible permanent adverse effects to determine the standardization and safety of therapy with erbium glass and erbium YAG lasers.

3.
Br J Pain ; 14(1): 5-13, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32110393

RESUMO

Introduction: Older adults experience significant chronic pain after hip fracture, resulting in decreased physical functioning. However, pain investigation in this population is mostly limited to self-reported pain intensity. Detailed pain assessment may identify intervention targets other than pain relief. The aim of this study is to investigate multiple dimensions of pain experience (intensity, sensory, affective, evaluative and miscellaneous dimensions) and to correlate them to lower limb functionality and limitations in daily living activities. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 50 older adults (77.1 ± 8.1 years old) who underwent hip fracture surgery in the past 4 months. We used the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), the McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) and an algometer to assess pain intensity, pain quality and pressure pain threshold, respectively. Lower limb functionality and limitation in basic (activities of daily living (ADL)) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) were assessed using the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) and the Brazilian OARS Multidimensional Functional Assessment Questionnaire. Results: Participants described pain as brief, momentary and transient, especially during weight-bearing activities. Although the pain intensity measured by the NRS was reported as moderate to severe (7.5 ± 1.6 points), it was not correlated with physical functioning. However, we observed a moderate negative correlation between pressure pain threshold, ADL and IADL disability (r = -0.41, p < 0.01). Among pain qualities, the sensory category was moderately negatively correlated to SPPB (r = -0.41, p < 0.01), and the evaluative category was moderately correlated to ADL and IADL disability (r = 0.43, p < 0.01). Conclusion: Pain can be present 4 months after hip fracture surgery, particularly during weight-bearing activities, and it is associated with poor lower limb functionality, as well as ADL and IADL disability. Older adults may benefit from pain assessments that go beyond pain intensity measurements after hip fracture, as this helps clinicians optimise pain management and overall functional recovery.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(8): e19191, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080103

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chronic neck pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder that is associated with functional disability and decreased of quality of life. Electrophysical agents are commonly used to relieve pain, however the effects of combined use of these agents are little studied. The objective is to investigate the efficacy of photobiomodulation and electrical stimulation to relieve pain, both in isolation and combined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This a 4-arm randomized placebo-controlled trial with patient and evaluator blinded. This study will be performed in Department of Physical Therapy at Federal University of São Carlos, São Carlos/SP, Brazil. One hundred and forty-four patients with chronic neck pain will be randomized into 4 groups: active photobiomodulation therapy with active electrical stimulation, active photobiomodulation therapy, active electrical stimulation, or placebo treatment. They will receive 10 sessions of treatment. PRIMARY OUTCOME: pain intensity (measured by pain numerical rating scale) posttreatment. SECONDARY OUTCOMES: pain during movement, neck disability, range of motion, pressure pain threshold, temporal summation, conditioned pain modulation, depressive symptoms, pain catastrophizing, quality of life, analgesic intake, and global perceived effect at posttreatment (10 sessions). Pain intensity and global perceived effect will also be measured after 6 weeks randomization. DISCUSSION: The findings of this study might clarify the importance of using the photobiomodulation therapy and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for patients with chronic neck pain. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT04020861. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04020861?term=NCT04020861&draw=2&rank=1.


Assuntos
Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Cervicalgia/terapia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Analgésicos/administração & dosagem , Dor Crônica , Terapia Combinada , Depressão/epidemiologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Medição da Dor , Qualidade de Vida , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Adulto Jovem
5.
Lasers Med Sci ; 35(4): 797-806, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919681

RESUMO

Using light sources in phototherapy has presented promising results regarding several types of facial and body skin affections for centuries. The neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (ND:YAG) 1064 nm laser has become a standard treatment in dermatology for dermatological disturbances related to the pilous follicle and the structures surrounding it. Despite the reports of its clinical benefits, few scientific studies show its actual safety and efficacy. To substantiate the effects, benefits, and safety of applying an ND:YAG 1064 laser in the epilation process during esthetic treatment, a systematic review was carried out between October 2018 and January 2019, on studies published in the last 20 years. Randomized clinical trials in humans were considered that evaluated the efficacy, safety, and benefits of ND:YAG laser application at 1064 nm wavelengths for hair removal. A total of 198 articles were identified; 58 articles remained after their titles and abstracts were read; and 21 articles were selected after the removal of duplicates. After the integral reading, 13 of these articles were included in the systematic review (734 patients). The ND:YAG 1064 nm laser presents safety and promising, beneficial effects in epilation. However, further scientific studies with better methodologic quality are necessary to better standardize ND:YAG laser therapy and clarify its parameters for photoepilation.


Assuntos
Remoção de Cabelo/métodos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pele/efeitos da radiação , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Lasers Med Sci ; 35(1): 157-164, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31168678

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the in vivo response of different wavelengths (red and near-infrared) of light-emitting diode (LED) on full-thickness skin grafts (FTSG) in rats. Thirty rats were randomly allocated into three experimental groups: control group (C); red LED treated group (R); and near-infrared LED group (NIR). Skin grafts were irradiated daily for ten consecutive days, starting immediately after the surgery using a red (630 nm) or near-infrared (850 nm) LED. The results showed that the red wavelength LED significantly enhanced the skin graft score in relation to the NIR group and increased transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß) protein expression and density of collagen fibers compared with the other experimental groups. These results suggest that the red wavelength LED was efficient to improve the dermo-epidermal junction and modulate the expression proteins related to tissue repair.


Assuntos
Raios Infravermelhos/uso terapêutico , Fototerapia/métodos , Transplante de Pele , Animais , Colágeno/metabolismo , Epiderme/metabolismo , Epiderme/efeitos da radiação , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos da radiação , Masculino , Ratos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Cicatrização/fisiologia , Cicatrização/efeitos da radiação
7.
Complement Ther Med ; 47: 102188, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779988

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of thermotherapy and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on pain intensity, pressure pain threshold (PPT) and conditioned pain modulation (CPM) in patients with primary dysmenorrhea (PD). DESIGN: A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial. SETTING: Physiotherapy Department of the Universidade Cidade de São Paulo, São Paulo (Brazil). INTERVENTIONS: Eighty-eight dysmenorrheic women were randomly allocated into four groups: Thermotherapy + TENS(n = 22), Thermotherapy(n = 22), TENS(n = 22) and Placebo(n = 22). Thermotherapy was applied by microwave diathermy (20 min), and TENS (200 µs, 100 Hz, 30 min), into the lower abdomen both. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pain intensity was measured using the numeric rating scale (NRS) and the McGill Pain Questionnaire (Br-MPQ). PPT and CPM were recorded from women's abdominal and lumbar. The evaluation was done in 5 times: baseline, after 20, 50, 110 min and 24 h from intervention. RESULTS: There was a significant decrease in the NRS for Thermotherapy + TENS vs. TENS, for Thermotherapy vs. TENS and for Placebo, after 20 min; for Thermotherapy vs. TENS and for Placebo, after 110 min and 24 h. Abdome PPT increased in the Thermotherapy + TENS vs. TENS and Placebo, after 50 min; for Thermotherapy + TENS vs. Placebo and for Thermotherapy vs. Placebo, after 110 min. No changes in lumbar PPT and CPM were observed. CONCLUSIONS: The use of thermotherapy reduced NRS compared to the TENS and Placebo after 20, 110 min and 24 h. Thermotherapy demonstrated an increase in the PPT in the abdomen after 50 and 110 min and decreased the Br-MPQ scores after 110 min in patients with PD.


Assuntos
Dismenorreia/terapia , Hipertermia Induzida , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Terapia Combinada , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Medição da Dor , Adulto Jovem
8.
Physiother Theory Pract ; : 1-10, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402740

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the segmental and extrasegmental hypoalgesic effects of TENS, IFC and Aussie current on pressure pain threshold (PPT) during and after stimulation in healthy subjects. The second objective was to compare the sensory comfort related to electrical stimulation. Material and Methods: 120 healthy subjects were randomized in TENS, IFC, Aussie current or placebo groups. The electrical stimulation was administered on the forearm. The PPT was measured on the forearm (segmental measure) and on the lower leg (extrasegmental measure) by an algometer at baseline, during and after stimulation of the forearm, and the sensory comfort in relation to electrical stimulation was measured with a visual analogue scale. Statistical analysis was performed using linear mixed models for PPT analysis and one-way ANOVA for sensory comfort analysis. Results: The TENS, IFC and Aussie current increased the segmental and extrasegmental PPTs during application of current compared to the placebo. The PPTs measures and sensory comfort were not significantly different between the TENS, IFC and Aussie current groups. Conclusions: Segmental and extrasegmental hypoalgesic effects may be produced using TENS, IFC or Aussie currents in healthy subjects. Furthermore, all of them presented a similar sensory comfort.

10.
J Cosmet Laser Ther ; 20(6): 341-350, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30285509

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In recent years, a new method focused ultrasound (FUS) has been used in the treatment of localized fat. The objectives of this work were to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the FUS in the treatment of abdominal subcutaneous fat. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one healthy women were divided into two groups: G1 (N = 7), 6 sessions, 3 passes, once a week and G2 (N = 23), 10 sessions, 2 passes, twice a week. Outcome measures were reduction of circumference and fat thickness. Safety monitoring included laboratory testing (serum lipids profile and liver function tests) and adverse events were also assessed. Patient satisfaction and tolerance questionnaires were also applied. One patient underwent abdominoplasty and received a single session of FUS 24 h before surgery and a skin sample was collected for histological analysis. RESULTS: The results showed improvement in body contouring and reduction of the thickness of the fat layer observed by ultrasonography in both groups: G1 (P < 0.001) and G2 (P < 0.0001). The histology showed disrupted adipocytes and collapsed membranes 24 h after the FUS treatment. CONCLUSION: FUS represents an effective and safe treatment for reducing localized adipose tissue by adipocytolysis.


Assuntos
Técnicas Cosméticas , Ablação por Ultrassom Focalizado de Alta Intensidade/métodos , Gordura Subcutânea Abdominal/cirurgia , Adipócitos/patologia , Adulto , Contorno Corporal , Técnicas Cosméticas/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Ablação por Ultrassom Focalizado de Alta Intensidade/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Lipídeos/sangue , Testes de Função Hepática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Gordura Subcutânea Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Circunferência da Cintura
11.
Int Urogynecol J ; 29(12): 1747-1755, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30143853

RESUMO

Electrical stimulation is widely used for pelvic floor muscle dysfunctions (PFMDs), but studies are not always clear about the parameters used, jeopardizing their reproduction. As such, this study aimed to be a reference for researchers and clinicians when using electrical stimulation for PFMD. This report was designed by experts on electrophysical agents and PFMD who determined all basic parameters that should be described. The terms were selected from the Medical Subject Headings database of controlled vocabulary. An extensive process of systematic searching of databases was performed, after which experts met and discussed on the main findings, and a consensus was achieved. Electrical stimulation parameters were described, including the physiological meaning and clinical relevance of each parameter. Also, a description of patient and electrode positioning was added. A consensus-based guideline on how to report electrical stimulation parameters for PFMD treatment was developed to help both clinicians and researchers.


Assuntos
Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/normas , Distúrbios do Assoalho Pélvico/terapia , Humanos
12.
Pain Manag ; 8(4): 263-269, 2018 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29856269

RESUMO

AIM: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and cervical joint manipulation (CJM) are often used for pain treatment. METHODS: A total of 144 healthy subjects will be randomly allocated into four groups: active TENS and CJM, placebos TENS and CJM, placebo TENS and active CJM, active TENS and placebo CJM. TENS will be applied for 20 min followed by CJM. All subjects will be assessed before, during and after interventions, using a digital pressure algometer. DISCUSSION: This is the first study to assess the combined effects of TENS and CJM on pressure pain threshold in healthy individuals. It is possible that both methods combined can enhance the hypoalgesic effect because they activate different analgesic pathways. STUDY REGISTRATION:  NCT03531541 (ClinicalTrials.gov).


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais , Manipulações Musculoesqueléticas/métodos , Limiar da Dor/fisiologia , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea/métodos , Adulto , Terapia Combinada , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Pressão
13.
Adv Wound Care (New Rochelle) ; 7(5): 157-163, 2018 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29755851

RESUMO

Objective: Technological advances have provided new alternatives to the analysis of skin flap viability in animal models; however, the interrater validity and reliability of these techniques have yet to be analyzed. The present study aimed to evaluate the interrater validity and reliability of three different methods: weight of paper template (WPT), paper template area (PTA), and photographic analysis. Approach: Sixteen male Wistar rats had their cranially based dorsal skin flap elevated. On the seventh postoperative day, the viable tissue area and the necrotic area of the skin flap were recorded using the paper template method and photo image. The evaluation of the percentage of viable tissue was performed using three methods, simultaneously and independently by two raters. The analysis of interrater reliability and viability was performed using the intraclass correlation coefficient and Bland Altman Plot Analysis was used to visualize the presence or absence of systematic bias in the evaluations of data validity. Results: The results showed that interrater reliability for WPT, measurement of PTA, and photographic analysis were 0.995, 0.990, and 0.982, respectively. For data validity, a correlation >0.90 was observed for all comparisons made between the three methods. In addition, Bland Altman Plot Analysis showed agreement between the comparisons of the methods and the presence of systematic bias was not observed. Innovation: Digital methods are an excellent choice for assessing skin flap viability; moreover, they make data use and storage easier. Conclusion: Independently from the method used, the interrater reliability and validity proved to be excellent for the analysis of skin flaps' viability.

14.
Adv Wound Care (New Rochelle) ; 7(5): 165-170, 2018 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29755852

RESUMO

Marjolin's ulcers (MU) are skin malignancies that form over burn injuries. These very aggressive ulcers can result in functional and wound healing impairment, and require a well thought out treatment plan. Physiotherapy offers resources to help promote recovery of these patients, as described in this case report, in which the patient with a history of burn in the lower limbs evolved to malignancy 32 years later. This patient underwent tumor resection of the left foot, with recurrence and lymphadenectomy. Physical therapy included the application of high-frequency generator (HFG) for wound healing and exercises for functional recovery. The treatment lasted for many months and resulted in the improvement of the surgical wound areas, pain, swelling, sensitivity, strength muscle, and gait. It was observed that the use of HFG can be a tool in the tissue repair of surgical wound after the resection of MU; however, further studies need to be carried out to suit parameters and ensure safety of cancer patients.

15.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol ; 11: 203-212, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29731654

RESUMO

Background and objectives: Nowadays, there are several noninvasive technologies being used for improving of body contouring. The objectives of this pilot study were to verify the effectiveness of the Heccus® device, emphasizing the synergism between nonfocused ultrasound plus Aussie current in the improvement of body contour, and to determine if the association of this therapy with whole-body vibration exercises can have additional positive effects in the results of the treatments. Subjects and methods: Twenty healthy women aged 20-40 years participated in the study. Ten patients received Combined Therapy treatment (G1) and the other 10 participants received Combined Therapy with additional vibratory platform treatment (G2). Anthropometric and standardized photography analysis, ultrasonography, cutometry and self-adminestered questionnaires of tolerance and satisfaction levels with the treatment were used. Results: Compared with baseline values, reduction of fat thickness was observed by ultrasonography in the posterior thigh area in the G1 group (P<0.05) and in the buttocks (P<0.05) and the posterior thigh areas (P<0.05) in the G2. All the treated areas in both groups showed reduction in cellulite degree in the buttocks, G1 (P<0.05) and G2 (P<0.05), and in posterior thigh areas, G1 (P<0.05) and G2 (P<0.05). Optimal improvement of skin firmness (G1, P<0.0001; G2, P=0.0034) in the treated areas was observed in both groups. Conclusion: We conclude that the synergistic effects of the Combined Therapy (nonfocused ultrasound plus Aussie current) might be a good option with noninvasive body contouring treatment for improving the aspect of the cellulite, skin firmness and localized fat. If used in association with the whole-body vibratory platform, the results can be better, especially in the treatment of localized fat. Further studies with larger sample size should be performed to confirm these results.

16.
Braz J Phys Ther ; 22(5): 347-354, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29426587

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and interferential current have been widely used in clinical practice. However, a systematic review comparing their effects on pain relief has not yet been performed. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and interferential current on acute and chronic pain. METHODS: We use Pubmed, Embase, LILACS, PEDro and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials as data sources. Two independent reviewers that selected studies according to inclusion criteria, extracted information of interest and verified the methodological quality of the studies made study selection. The studies were selected if transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and interferential current were used as treatment and they had pain as the main outcome, as evaluated by a visual analog scale. Secondary outcomes were the Western Ontario Macmaster and Rolland Morris Disability questionnaires, which were added after data extraction. RESULTS: Eight studies with a pooled sample of 825 patients were included. The methodological quality of the selected studies was moderate, with an average of six on a 0-10 scale (PEDro). In general, both transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and interferential current improved pain and functional outcomes without a statistical difference between them. CONCLUSION: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and interferential current have similar effects on pain outcome The low number of studies included in this meta-analysis indicates that new clinical trials are needed.


Assuntos
Dor Aguda/terapia , Dor Crônica/terapia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Pain Manag ; 8(2): 71-77, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29451431

RESUMO

The aim of the study will be to compare different types of analgesic electrical currents in relation to the pressure pain threshold and sensory comfort in healthy individuals. A total of 100 individuals will be randomly assigned to four groups: transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, interferential current, Aussie current or placebo. The electrical stimulation will be administered with a strong level for 30 min and to the placebo group, the electrodes will be positioned while the equipment will remain switched off. The pressure pain threshold and sensory comfort will be measured with an algometer and the visual analogue scale, respectively. The level of significance will be p < 0.05. STUDY REGISTRATION: NCT01950728 (clinical trials).


Assuntos
Manejo da Dor/métodos , Limiar da Dor , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea/métodos , Humanos , Dor/prevenção & controle , Medição da Dor/métodos , Projetos de Pesquisa
18.
Dermatol Res Pract ; 2018: 5276528, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30631345

RESUMO

Cryolipolysis is the noninvasive treatment of localized fat through cold-induced panniculitis. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of contrast cryolipolysis for subcutaneous-fat reduction. Contrast cryolipolysis mixes the principles of conventional cryolipolysis and periods of heating in accordance with the contrast lipocryolysis process. Twenty-one subjects aged 34 ± 9 years were treated with contrast cryolipolysis in the regions of abdomen and flanks through the Polarys® device. Anthropometry, standardized photographs, measurements with a skinfold caliper, and diagnostic ultrasounds were performed at the baseline and during follow-ups at 30, 60, and 90 days after the treatment. The safety assessments included laboratory testing and monitoring of the adverse events. The level of significance for all tests was set at P < 0.05. No significant differences in weight and body mass index were found. The waist measurements at the baseline and 30-day follow-up had significant differences, as did the measurements at the 30-day and 60-day follow-ups. The skinfold and ultrasound measurements were significantly reduced in the treated areas in all the time points compared to the baseline. The laboratory results showed no significant changes from baseline. Temporary adverse effects were resolved spontaneously. This study confirmed that contrast cryolipolysis is safe and effective in reducing the fat layer and improving body contouring.

19.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 30(4): 671-680, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-892031

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) can alter the local temperature, increase skin blood flow and induce the release of vasodilator neuropeptides and growth factors. These changes may be related to the effects of TENS on the tissue repair process. Objective: To assess the effect of high- and low-frequency TENS on angiogenesis and the contraction of acute excisional wounds in rat skin. Methods: Fifty-four young adult male EPM1-Wistar rats were used in the study. An excisional wound was performed on the back of each animal using an 8mm punch. The animals were randomly assigned to three groups: the High-frequency Group (HG: 80 Hz), Low-frequency Group (LG: 5 Hz), and Sham Group (SG: TENS turned off). TENS was delivered on three days consecutives. Pulse duration and current intensity were 200 µs and 15 mA. The length of each TENS session was 60 minutes. Microscopic and macroscopic assessments were performed on 3, 7 and 14 postoperative (PO) days. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was utilized to quantify the neoformed blood vessels. Photographs were taken to determine the percentage of wound contraction. After assessment, the animals were painlessly sacrificed. Results: There were increases in angiogenesis in the HG on the 3 PO day, and in the LG on the 14 PO day. No significant differences in wound contraction were found between the groups on the different PO days. Conclusion: High frequency TENS improved angiogenesis, and neither frequency of TENS had any influence on the contraction of acute excisional wounds in rat skin.


Resumo Introdução: A TENS pode promover alteração da temperatura local, aumento do fluxo sanguíneo cutâneo, liberação de neuropeptídeos vasodilatadores e de fatores de crescimento. Tais eventos podem estar relacionados aos efeitos da TENS no processo de reparo tecidual. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da TENS de alta e de baixa frequências na angiogênese e na contração da ferida excisional aguda em pele de ratos. Materiais e Métodos: Foram utilizados 54 ratos (Wistar-EPM1), machos e adultos jovens. Realizou-se uma ferida excisional na região dorsal do animal com um punch medindo 8 milímetros. Os animais foram randomizados em três grupos: Grupo Alta frequência (HG:80 Hz), Grupo Baixa frequência (LG:5 Hz) e Grupo Simulado (SG, TENS desligada). A TENS foi aplicada por 3 dias consecutivos. A duração do pulso e intensidade da corrente foram 200 µs e 15 mA. O tempo de cada aplicação foi de 60 minutos. As análises microscópicas e macroscópicas foram feitas nos POI, 3, 7 e 14 dias de pós-operatório (PO). Utilizou-se a hematoxilina-eosina para quantificação dos vasos neoformados. Foram feitas imagens fotográficas para determinação da porcentagem de contração da ferida. Após as avaliações, os animais foram sacrificados. Resultados: Observou-se aumento na quantidade de vasos sanguíneos no HG, aos 3 dias de PO; e no LG, aos 14 dias de PO. Não houve alterações na contração da ferida entre os grupos. Conclusão: A TENS de alta frequência estimulou a angiogênese e ambas as frequências não influenciaram na contração da ferida excisional aguda em pele de ratos.


Assuntos
Animais , Cicatrização , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Ratos , Pele , Vasos Sanguíneos
20.
Pain Manag ; 7(5): 359-366, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28936905

RESUMO

The aim of this study will be to analyze the effects of microwave diathermy (MWD) and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on primary dysmenorrhea. Eighty eight women, age range 18-44 years, with no previous pregnancy, no practice physical activities, a BMI of ≤29.9 kg/m2, a regular menstrual cycle and a diagnosis of primary dysmenorrhea, with menstrual pain ranging from mild to severe, will be selected. The participants will be randomized into four groups: MWD and TENS, MWD and placebo TENS, placebo MWD and TENS, and placebo MWD and placebo TENS. Pain will be measured using the visual numeric scale and the McGill Pain Questionnaire; the pressure pain threshold using a digital algometer and conditioned pain modulation using the cold pressor test. Brazilian Clinical Trials Registry (RBR-5QKCK4. Registered on 16 March 2016).


Assuntos
Dismenorreia/terapia , Micro-Ondas/uso terapêutico , Terapia por Ondas Curtas , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Adolescente , Adulto , Dismenorreia/radioterapia , Feminino , Humanos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Limiar da Dor , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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