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1.
Nano Lett ; 17(4): 2524-2531, 2017 04 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28221804

RESUMO

Seeded semiconductor nanorods represent a unique family of quantum confined materials that manifest characteristics of mixed dimensionality. They show polarized emission with high quantum yield and fluorescence switching under an electric field, features that are desirable for use in display technologies and other optical applications. So far, their robust synthesis has been limited mainly to CdSe/CdS heterostructures, thereby constraining the spectral tunability to the red region of the visible spectrum. Herein we present a novel synthesis of CdSe/Cd1-xZnxS seeded nanorods with a radially graded composition that show bright and highly polarized green emission with minimal intermittency, as confirmed by ensemble and single nanorods optical measurements. Atomistic pseudopotential simulations elucidate the importance of the Zn atoms within the nanorod structure, in particular the effect of the graded composition. Thus, the controlled addition of Zn influences and improves the nanorods' optoelectronic performance by providing an additional handle to manipulate the degree confinement beyond the common size control approach. These nanorods may be utilized in applications that require the generation of a full, rich spectrum such as energy-efficient displays and lighting.

2.
ACS Chem Neurosci ; 2(3): 141-50, 2011 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22778863

RESUMO

Butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) is the major acetylcholine hydrolyzing enzyme in peripheral mammalian systems. It can either reside in the circulation or adhere to cells and tissues and protect them from anticholinesterases, including insecticides and poisonous nerve gases. In humans, impaired cholinesterase functioning is causally involved in many pathologies, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, trait anxiety, and post stroke conditions. Recombinant cholinesterases have been developed for therapeutic use; therefore, it is important to follow their in vivo path, location, and interactions. Traditional labeling methods, such as fluorescent dyes and proteins, generally suffer from sensitivity to environmental conditions, from proximity to different molecules or special enzymes which can alter them, and from relatively fast photobleaching. In contrast, emerging development in synthesis and surface engineering of semiconductor nanocrystals enable their use to detect and follow molecules in biological milieus at high sensitivity and in real time. Therefore, we developed a platform for conjugating highly purified recombinant human BChE dimers (rhBChE) to CdSe/CdZnS quantum dots (QDs). We report the development and characterization of highly fluorescent aqueous soluble QD-rhBChE conjugates, present maintenance of hydrolytic activity, inhibitor sensitivity, and adherence to the membrane of cultured live cells of these conjugates, and outline their advantageous features for diverse biological applications.


Assuntos
Butirilcolinesterase/química , Butirilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Pontos Quânticos , Animais , Adesão Celular/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Camundongos , Ligação Proteica/fisiologia , Coloração e Rotulagem/métodos , Especificidade por Substrato/fisiologia
3.
Nano Lett ; 10(6): 2069-74, 2010 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20481472

RESUMO

The photosystem I (PS I) protein is one of nature's most efficient light harvesting complexes and exhibits outstanding optoelectronic properties. Here we demonstrate how metal nanoparticles which act as artificial antennas can enhance the light absorption of the protein. This hybrid system shows an increase in light absorption and of circular dichroism over the entire absorption band of the protein rather than at the specific plasmon resonance wavelength of spherical metal nanoparticles (NPs). This is explained by broad-resonant and nonresonant field enhancements caused by metal NP aggregates, by the high dielectric constant of the metal, and by NP-PS I-NP antenna junctions which effectively enhance light absorption in the PS I.

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