Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 433
Filtrar
1.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 112019 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479421

RESUMO

Data regarding the association between subclinical thyroid dysfunction and clinical outcomes in ischemic stroke patients with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) are limited. We aimed to investigate the predictive value of subclinical thyroid dysfunction in END, functional outcome and mortality at 3 months among IVT patients. We prospectively recruited 563 IVT patients from 5 stroke centers in China. Thyroid function status was classified as subclinical hypothyroidism, subclinical hyperthyroidism (SHyper) and euthyroidism. The primary outcome was END, defined as ≥ 4 point in the NIHSS score within 24 h after IVT. Secondary outcomes included 3-month functional outcome and mortality. Of the 563 participants, END occurred in 14.7%, poor outcome in 50.8%, and mortality in 9.4%. SHyper was an independent predictor of END [odd ratio (OR), 4.35; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.86-9.68, P = 0.003], 3-month poor outcome (OR, 3.24; 95% CI, 1.43-7.33, P = 0.005) and mortality [hazard ratio, 2.78; 95% CI, 1.55-5.36, P = 0.003]. Subgroup analysis showed that there was no significant relationship between SHyper and clinical outcomes in IVT patients with endovascular therapy. In summary, SHyper is associated with increased risk of END, and poor outcome and mortality at 3 months in IVT patients without endovascular therapy.

2.
J Cereb Blood Flow Metab ; : 271678X19865219, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366300

RESUMO

Collateral circulation plays a pivotal role in acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion (LVO) and may be affected by multiple variables during sedation for endovascular therapy (EVT). We conducted detailed analyses of the GOLIATH trial to identify predictors of collateral circulation grade and infarct growth. We also modified the ASITN collateral grading scale and sought to determine its impact on clinical outcome and infarct growth. Multivariable analysis was used to identify predictors of collaterals and infarct growth. Ordinal analysis demonstrated nominal, but non-significant association between modified ASITN scale and infarct growth. Among all analyzed baseline clinical and procedural variables, the most significant predictors of infarct growth at 24 h were phenylephrine dose (estimate 6.78; p = 0.014) and baseline infarct volume (estimate 0.93; p = 0.03). The most significant predictors of worse collateral grade were mean arterial pressure (MAP) <70 mmHg (OR 0.35; p = 0.048) and baseline infarct volume (OR 0.96; p = 0.003). Hypotension during sedation for EVT for LVO negatively impacts collateral circulation, while higher pressor dose is a strong predictor of infarct growth. Avoidance of anesthesia-induced hypotension and consequent need for pressor therapy may prevent collateral failure and minimize infarct growth.

3.
Stroke ; : STROKEAHA119025426, 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31462194

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- For patients with emergent large vessel occlusion who may not benefit from timely recanalization treatment, maintaining adequate cerebral perfusion to prevent penumbral tissue loss is a key therapeutic strategy. Cerebral perfusion should be proportional to systemic blood pressure (BP) due to the loss of autoregulation properties in ischemic brain tissue. We hypothesized that acute fluctuations in BP would lead to aggravated penumbral tissue loss in persistent large vessel occlusion. Methods- A total of 80 patients with persistent large vessel occlusion of internal carotid artery or middle cerebral artery admitted within 24 hours after onset, and with a baseline, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score ≥4-point were included. Baseline and follow-up (median 88 hours) magnetic resonance images were analyzed, and penumbra was defined as the Tmax>6 s region excluding baseline infarction. The hypoperfusion intensity ratio (Tmax>10 s/Tmax>6 s) was calculated within the penumbra. Penumbral tissue loss (%) was defined as the proportion of follow-up infarct in the penumbra. With serial BP measurements in the first 24 hours (median 29, interquartile range 26-35), BP and BP variability parameters, including BPdropmax (change from local maxima to minima), were calculated and compared. Generalized linear models were applied to examine the association between BP parameters and the penumbral tissue loss. Results- The median penumbral volume was 79.3 mL (interquartile range, 38.2-129.6) and median penumbral tissue loss was 36.7% (interquartile range, 12.0-56.1). In a multivariable analysis, systolic BP (SBP) SBPdropmax (ß±SE of fourth quartile, 17.82±6.58; P value, 0.01) and diastolic BP (DBP) DBPdropmax (ß±SE of fourth quartile, 14.04±6.38; P value, 0.01) were associated with increasing penumbral tissue loss, independently of age, baseline infarction and hypoperfusion intensity ratio. DBPincmax, SBPmax, DBPmax, SBPmax-min, DBPmax-min, and most of the DBP variability indices were associated with penumbral tissue loss. Conclusions- BP fluctuations, even a brief and drastic BP drop in the first 24 hours, significantly contributed to penumbral tissue loss irrespective of baseline hypoperfusion.

4.
Stroke ; 50(9): 2420-2427, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412752

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- We determined the effect of sex on outcome after endovascular stroke thrombectomy in acute ischemic stroke, including lifelong disability outcomes. Methods- We analyzed patients treated with the Solitaire stent retriever in the combined SWIFT (Solitaire FR With the Intention for Thrombectomy), STAR (Solitaire FR Thrombectomy for Acute Revascularization), and SWIFT PRIME (Solitaire FR With the Intention for Thrombectomy as Primary Endovascular Treatment) cohorts. Ordinal and logistic regression were used to examine known factors influencing outcome after endovascular stroke thrombectomy and study the effect of sex on the association between these factors and outcomes, including age and time to reperfusion. Years of optimal life after thrombectomy were defined as disability-adjusted life years and calculated by projecting disability through adjusted poststroke life expectancy by sex. Results- Among 389 patients treated with endovascular stroke thrombectomy, 55% were females, and median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale was 17 (interquartile range, 8-28). There were no differences between females versus males in presenting deficit severity (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, 17 versus 17, P=0.21), occlusion location (69% versus 64% M1, P=0.62), presenting infarct extent (Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score 8 versus 8, P=0.24), rate of substantial reperfusion (Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction 2b/3, 87% versus 83%, P=0.37), onset to reperfusion time (294 versus 302 minutes, P=0.46). Despite older ages (69 versus 64, P<0.001) and higher rate of atrial fibrillation (45% versus 30%, P=0.002) for females compared with males, adjusted rates of functional independence at 90 days were similar (odds ratio, 1.0; 95% CI, 0.6-1.6). After adjusting for age at presentation and stroke severity, females had more years of optimal life (disability-adjusted life year) after endovascular stroke thrombectomy, 10.6 versus 8.5 years (P<0.001). Conclusions- Despite greater age and higher rate of atrial fibrillation, females experienced comparable functional outcomes and greater years of optimal life after intervention compared with males.

6.
Stroke ; 50(8): 2163-2167, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303153

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- The impact of transfer status on clinical outcomes in the DAWN (DWI or CTP Assessment With Clinical Mismatch in the Triage of Wake-Up and Late Presenting Strokes Undergoing Neurointervention With Trevo) population is unknown. We analyzed workflow and clinical outcome differences between direct versus transfer patients in the DAWN population. Methods- The following time metrics were analyzed for each group: (1) last known well to hospital arrival, (2) hospital arrival to eligibility imaging, (3) hospital arrival to arterial puncture, (4) qualifying imaging to arterial puncture, (5) last known well to arterial puncture, (6) last known well to reperfusion. The primary end point was the rate of functional independence (90-day modified Rankin Scale [mRS] score, 0-2). Using univariate unconditional logistic regression, we calculated odds ratios and 95% CIs for the association between clinically relevant time metrics, transfer status, and functional independence (mRS 0-2). Results- A total of 206 patients were enrolled. Among these, 121 (59%) patients were transferred, and 85 (41%) patients presented directly to a thrombectomy capable center. Median time last seen well to hospital arrival time was similar between the 2 groups (678 versus 696 minutes). The time from hospital arrival to groin puncture was significantly longer in direct patients compared with transferred patients 140 minutes (interquartile range, 105.5-177.5 minutes) and 88 minutes (interquartile range, 55-125 minutes), respectively (P<0.001). Differences in treatment effect or differences in rates of mRS 0-2 in the thrombectomy treated patients were not statistically significant in direct versus transfer patients (odds ratios for mRS 0-2, thrombectomy versus control, were 5.62 in direct and 6.63 in transfer patients, respectively, Breslow-Day P=0.817). Conclusions- Although transfer patients had a faster door to puncture time, benefits of thrombectomy, and rates of mRS 0 to 2 in the treatment group were similar between direct and transferred patients in the DAWN population. These results may inform prehospital and primary stroke centers triage protocols in patients presenting in the late time window. Clinical Trial Registration- URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02142283.

7.
Cerebrovasc Dis Extra ; 9(2): 72-76, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Subject retention into clinical trials is vital, and prehospital enrollment may be associated with higher rates of subject withdrawal than more traditional methods of enrollment. We describe rates of subject retention in a prehospital trial of acute stroke therapy. METHODS: All subjects were enrolled into the NIH Field Administration of Stroke Therapy-Magnesium (FAST-MAG) phase 3 clinical trial. Paramedics screened eligible subjects and contacted the physician-investigator using a dedicated in-ambulance cellular phone. Physician-investigators obtained explicit informed consent from the subject or on-scene legally authorized representative (LAR) who reviewed and signed a consent form. Exception from informed consent (EFIC) was utilized in later stages of the study. RESULTS: There were 1,700 subjects enrolled; 1,017 provided consent (60%), 662 were enrolled via LAR (39%), and 21 were enrolled via EFIC (1%). Of the 1,700 patients, 1,413 (83%) completed the 90-day visit, 265 (16%) died prior to the 90-day visit, and 22 (1.3%) withdrew from the study before completion. There were no differences in rates of withdrawal by method of study enrolment, i.e., self-consent (n = 14), 1.4%; LAR (n = 8), 1.2%; EFIC (n = 0) 0%. CONCLUSION: There was a high rate of retention when subjects were enrolled into prehospital stroke research using a phone-based method to obtain explicit consent.

9.
Stroke ; 50(9): 2404-2412, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31345135

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- It is unknown whether noncontrast computed tomography (NCCT) can identify patients who will benefit from intra-arterial treatment (IAT) in the extended time window. We sought to characterize baseline Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) in DAWN (DWI or CTP Assessment With Clinical Mismatch in the Triage of Wake-Up and Late Presenting Strokes Undergoing Neurointervention With Trevo) and to assess whether ASPECTS modified IAT effect. Methods- Core lab adjudicated ASPECTS scores were analyzed. The trial cohort was divided into 2 groups by qualifying imaging (computed tomography versus magnetic resonance imaging). ASPECTS-by-treatment interaction was tested for the trial coprimary end points (90-day utility-weighted modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score and mRS, 0-2), mRS 0 to 3, and ordinal mRS. ASPECTS was evaluated separately as an ordinal and a dichotomized (0-6 versus 7-10) variable. Results- Of 205 DAWN subjects, 123 (60%) had NCCT ASPECTS, and 82 (40%) had diffusion weighted imaging ASPECTS. There was a significant ordinal NCCT ASPECTS-by-treatment interaction for 90-day utility-weighted mRS (interaction P=0.04) and mRS 0 to 2 (interaction P=0.02). For both end points, IAT effect was more pronounced at higher NCCT ASPECTS. The dichotomized NCCT ASPECTS-by-treatment interaction was significant only for mRS 0 to 2 (interaction P=0.04), where greater treatment benefit was seen in the ASPECTS 7 to 10 group (odds ratio, 7.50 [2.71-20.77] versus odds ratio, 0.48 [0.04-5.40]). A bidirectional treatment effect was observed in the NCCT ASPECTS 0 to 6 group, with treatment associated with not only more mRS 0 to 3 outcomes (50% versus 25%) but also more mRS 5 to 6 outcomes (40% versus 25%). There was no significant modification of IAT effect by diffusion weighted imaging ASPECTS. Conclusions- Baseline NCCT ASPECTS appears to modify IAT effect in DAWN. Higher NCCT ASPECTS was associated with greater benefit from IAT. No treatment interaction was observed for diffusion weighted imaging ASPECTS.

10.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31239326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the proven benefit of neurothrombectomy, intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) remains the most serious procedural complication. The aim of this analysis was to identify predictors of different hemorrhage subtypes and evaluate their individual impact on clinical outcome. METHODS: Pooled individual patient-level data from three large prospective multicenter studies were analyzed for the incidence of different ICH subtypes, including any ICH, hemorrhagic transformation (HT), parenchymal hematoma (PH), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH). All patients (n=389) treated with the Solitaire device were included in the analysis. A multivariate stepwise logistic regression model was used to identify predictors of each hemorrhage subtype. RESULTS: General anesthesia and higher baseline Alberta Stroke Program Early CT score (ASPECTS) were associated with a lower probability of any ICH (OR 0.36, p=0.003), (OR 0.80, p=0.032) and HT (OR 0.54, p=0.023), (OR 0.78, p=0.001), respectively. Longer time from onset to treatment was associated with a higher likelihood of HT (OR 1.08, p=0.001) and PH (OR 1.11, p=0.015). Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV-tPA) was also a strong predictor of PH (OR 7.63, p=0.013). Functional independence at 90 days (modified Rankin Scale (mRS) 0-2) was observed significantly less frequently in all hemorrhage subtypes except SAH. None of the patients who achieved functional independence at 90 days had sICH. CONCLUSIONS: General anesthesia and smaller baseline ischemic core are associated with a lower probability of HT whereas IV-tPA and prolonged time to treatment increase the risk of PH after neurothrombectomy. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBERS: SWIFT-NCT01054560; post results, SWIFT PRIME-NCT01657461; post results, STAR-NCT01327989; post results.

11.
J Am Coll Radiol ; 16(5S): S26-S37, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054753

RESUMO

Acute changes in mental status represent a broad collection of symptoms used to describe disorders in mentation and level of arousal, including the more narrowly defined diagnoses of delirium and psychosis. A wide range of precipitating factors may be responsible for symptom onset including infection, intoxication, and metabolic disorders. Neurologic causes that may be detected on neuroimaging include stroke, traumatic brain injury, nonconvulsive seizure, central nervous system infection, tumors, hydrocephalus, and inflammatory disorders. Not infrequently, two or more precipitating factors may be found. Neuroimaging with CT or MRI is usually appropriate if the clinical suspicion for an acute neurological cause is high, where the cause of symptoms is not found on initial assessment, and for patients whose symptoms do not respond appropriately to management. There was disagreement regarding the appropriateness of neuroimaging in cases where a suspected, nonneurologic cause is found on initial assessment. Neuroimaging with CT is usually appropriate for patients presenting with delirium, although the yield may be low in the absence of trauma or a focal neurological deficit. Neuroimaging with CT or MRI may be appropriate in the evaluation of new onset psychosis, although the yield may be low in the absence of a neurologic deficit. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances where evidence is lacking or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence to recommend imaging or treatment.

12.
J Neuroimaging ; 29(5): 640-644, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31112323

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Studies have shown an association between infarct patterns and recurrent stroke in patients with symptomatic intracranial stenosis (sICAS) but there are limited data on associations with perfusion imaging mismatch profile. We aim to determine the association between infarct pattern, optimal mismatch profile definition, and recurrent cerebrovascular events (RCVE) in patients with anterior circulation sICAS. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of consecutive patients with acutely sICAS admitted to a comprehensive stroke center over 18 month's period. Patients with sICAS underwent magnetic resonance perfusion (MRP) imaging within 24 hours from admission. Infarct patterns (internal BZ [IBZ], cortical BZ [CBZ], and core/perforator [C/P]) and RCVE within 90 days, were independently adjudicated by two reviewers. We compared mismatch profiles and recurrent event rates across infarct patterns. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients met inclusion criteria; 28% had IBZ infarcts and overall RCVE rate was 32.0%. When compared to patients without IBZ infarcts, those with IBZ infarcts were more likely to have a target mismatch profile using Tmax > 6 seconds (60% vs. 6.7%, P = .007) and RCVE (62.5% vs. 11.8%, P = .01). There were no associations between CBZ and C/P infarcts and target mismatch profiles and RCVE. CONCLUSION: IBZ infarcts may be a surrogate marker of distal perfusion status and RCVE risk. Larger multicenter, prospective, core-lab blindly adjudicated studies are needed to confirm our findings.

13.
Neurol Res ; 41(8): 681-690, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038007

RESUMO

Advances in predictive analytics and machine learning supported by an ever-increasing wealth of data and processing power are transforming almost every industry. Accuracy and precision of predictive analytics have significantly increased over the past few years and are evolving at an exponential pace. There have been significant breakthroughs in using Predictive Analytics in healthcare where it is held as the foundation of precision medicine. Yet, although the research in the field is expanding with the profuse volume of papers applying machine learning algorithms to medical data, very few have contributed meaningfully to clinical care. This lack of impact stands in stark contrast to the enormous relevance of machine learning to many other industries. Regardless of the status of its current contribution, the field of predictive analytics is expected to fundamentally change the way we diagnose and treat diseases, as well as the conduct of biomedical science research. In this review, we describe the main tools and techniques in predictive analytics and will analyze the trends in application of these techniques over the recent years. We will also provide examples of its application in medicine and more specifically in stroke and neurovascular research and outline current limitations.

14.
Stroke ; 50(5): 1286-1293, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31009344
15.
Can J Neurol Sci ; 46(3): 269-274, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30890199

RESUMO

After five positive randomized controlled trials showed benefit of mechanical thrombectomy in the management of acute ischemic stroke with emergent large-vessel occlusion, a multi-society meeting was organized during the 17th Congress of the World Federation of Interventional and Therapeutic Neuroradiology in October 2017 in Budapest, Hungary. This multi-society meeting was dedicated to establish standards of practice in acute ischemic stroke intervention aiming for a consensus on the minimum requirements for centers providing such treatment. In an ideal situation, all patients would be treated at a center offering a full spectrum of neuroendovascular care (a level 1 center). However, for geographical reasons, some patients are unable to reach such a center in a reasonable period of time. With this in mind, the group paid special attention to define recommendations on the prerequisites of organizing stroke centers providing medical thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke, but not for other neurovascular diseases (level 2 centers). Finally, some centers will have a stroke unit and offer intravenous thrombolysis, but not any endovascular stroke therapy (level 3 centers). Together, these level 1, 2, and 3 centers form a complete stroke system of care. The multi-society group provides recommendations and a framework for the development of medical thrombectomy services worldwide.

16.
J Neuroimaging ; 29(4): 463-466, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30900276

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is evidence suggesting that Los Angeles Motor Scale (LAMS) ≥ 4 predicts large vessel occlusion (LVO). We aim to determine whether atrial fibrillation (AF) can improve the ability of LAMS in predicting LVO. METHODS: We included consecutive patients with a discharge diagnosis of ischemic stroke admitted within 24 hours from last known normal time who underwent emergent vascular imaging using a computerized tomography angiography (CTA) of the head and neck. LVO was defined as intracranial internal carotid artery, proximal middle cerebral artery (M1 or proximal M2 segment), or basilar occlusion. LAMS was determined in the emergency department upon arrival. Univariate and multivariable models were performed to identify predictors of LVO and to determine whether AF improves the ability of LAMS to predict LVO. RESULTS: Among 1,234 patients admitted with ischemic stroke, 862 underwent emergent vascular imaging (69.8%) out of which 374 (43.4%) had evidence of LVO and 207 (24%) underwent mechanical thrombectomy. In multivariable models, predictors of LVO were LAMS (OR 1.42 per one point increase 95% CI 1.29-1.57) and AF (OR 1.95 95% CI 1.26-3.02, P < .001). We developed the LAMS-AF that includes the LAMS score and adds two points if AF is present. In this analysis, LAMS-AF (AUC .78) had improved prediction over LAMS (AUC .76) in predicting LVO and lead to reclassification of 8/68 patients (11.8%) with LAMS = 3 group into the high-risk LVO group. CONCLUSION: In patients with LAMS = 3, using the LAMS-AF score may improve the ability of LAMS in predicting LVO. Larger studies are needed to confirm our findings.

17.
Ann Neurol ; 85(5): 752-764, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30840312

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether hemodynamic features of symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (sICAS) might correlate with the risk of stroke relapse, using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model. METHODS: In a cohort study, we recruited patients with acute ischemic stroke attributed to 50 to 99% ICAS confirmed by computed tomographic angiography (CTA). With CTA-based CFD models, translesional pressure ratio (PR = pressurepoststenotic /pressureprestenotic ) and translesional wall shear stress ratio (WSSR = WSSstenotic - throat /WSSprestenotic ) were obtained in each sICAS lesion. Translesional PR ≤ median was defined as low PR and WSSR ≥4th quartile as high WSSR. All patients received standard medical treatment. The primary outcome was recurrent ischemic stroke in the same territory (SIT) within 1 year. RESULTS: Overall, 245 patients (median age = 61 years, 63.7% males) were analyzed. Median translesional PR was 0.94 (interquartile range [IQR] = 0.87-0.97); median translesional WSSR was 13.3 (IQR = 7.0-26.7). SIT occurred in 20 (8.2%) patients, mostly with multiple infarcts in the border zone and/or cortical regions. In multivariate Cox regression, low PR (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] = 3.16, p = 0.026) and high WSSR (adjusted HR = 3.05, p = 0.014) were independently associated with SIT. Patients with both low PR and high WSSR had significantly higher risk of SIT than those with normal PR and WSSR (risk = 17.5% vs 3.0%, adjusted HR = 7.52, p = 0.004). INTERPRETATION: This work represents a step forward in utilizing computational flow simulation techniques in studying intracranial atherosclerotic disease. It reveals a hemodynamic pattern of sICAS that is more prone to stroke relapse, and supports hypoperfusion and artery-to-artery embolism as common mechanisms of ischemic stroke in such patients. Ann Neurol 2019;85:752-764.

18.
Int J Stroke ; 14(4): 439-441, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30920353

RESUMO

The 14th International Symposium on Thrombolysis, Thrombectomy and Acute Stroke Therapy (TTST) took place in Houston, Texas on 21-22 October 2018. Attended by 150+ invited global experts, the objectives of TTST 2018 were to explore the changing landscape of acute ischemic stroke therapy and to address current controversies in thrombolysis and thrombectomy, including expanding access and systems of care with global relevance. This article summarizes the proceedings of TTST 2018. The key points of each session are listed below, the full text of presentations and discussion are available in the online supplement, and the full list of contributing authors appear in the Appendix at the end of this article.

19.
Atherosclerosis ; 282: 75-79, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30708178

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Statin pretreatment (SP) is associated with improved outcomes in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. Collateral circulation status and final infarct volume (FIV) are independent predictors of functional outcome in AIS. METHODS: We sought to evaluate the association of SP with collateral circulation and FIV in AIS patients. We used a random-effects model for all the analyses, and pooled standardized mean differences (SMDs) and odds ratios (OR) on the FIV and collateral status according to SP history, respectively. RESULTS: We identified 9 eligible studies (1186 AIS patients). History of SP was associated with lower FIV (SMD = 0.25, 95%CI: 0.07-0.42, p = 0.005) compared to negative history of SP. A trend towards good collateral scores was observed in the SP group (OR = 1.45; 95% CI, 0.92-2.29, p = 0.11). Subgroup analysis demonstrated reduced FIV among atherosclerotic stroke patients with history of SP (SMD = 0.49; 95% CI, 0.19-0.80, p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: SP appears to be associated with decreased FIV, especially in atherosclerotic AIS.

20.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 11(9): 866-873, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30777890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Collateral status modified the effect of endovascular treatment (EVT) for stroke in several randomized trials. We assessed the association between collaterals and functional outcome in EVT treated patients and investigated if this association is time dependent. METHODS: We included consecutive patients from the Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke in The Netherlands (MR CLEAN) Registry (March 2014-June 2016) with an anterior circulation large vessel occlusion undergoing EVT. Functional outcome was measured on the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at 90 days. We investigated the association between collaterals and mRS in the MR CLEAN Registry with ordinal logistic regression and if this association was time dependent with an interaction term. Additionally, we determined modification of EVT effect by collaterals compared with MR CLEAN controls, and also investigated if this was time dependent with multiplicative interaction terms. RESULTS: 1412 patients were analyzed. Functional independence (mRS score of 0-2) was achieved in 13% of patients with grade 0 collaterals, in 27% with grade 1, in 46% with grade 2, and in 53% with grade 3. Collaterals were significantly associated with mRS (adjusted common OR 1.5 (95% CI 1.4 to 1.7)) and significantly modified EVT benefit (P=0.04). None of the effects were time dependent. Better collaterals corresponded to lower mortality (P<0.001), but not to lower rates of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (P=0.14). CONCLUSION: In routine clinical practice, better collateral status is associated with better functional outcome and greater treatment benefit in EVT treated acute ischemic stroke patients, independent of time to treatment. Within the 6 hour time window, a substantial proportion of patients with absent and poor collaterals can still achieve functional independence.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA