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J Clin Rheumatol ; 25(8): e133, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764501
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529687


OBJECTIVE: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) increase blood pressure and potentially cardiovascular burden, which may limit their use in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Our objective was to determine the association of NSAID use with incident hypertension in a longitudinal AS cohort. METHODS: Adults with AS were enrolled in a prospective cohort study of patient outcomes and examined every 4-6 months. Hypertension was defined by patient-reported hypertension; anti-hypertensive medication use; or, on two consecutive visits, systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg or diastolic ≥90 mm Hg. Continuous NSAID use was dichotomized based on the validated NSAID index. We assessed the association of NSAID use as a time-varying exposure with the incidence of hypertension using Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: Of the 1282 patients in the cohort, 628 patients without baseline hypertension had at least one year of follow up, and were included in the analysis. Of these, 72% were male, the mean age at baseline was 39 ± 13 years, and 200 used NSAIDs continuously. On follow-up, 129 developed incident hypertension. After controlling for other variables, continuous NSAID use was associated with a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.12 for incident hypertension (95% CI, 1.04-1.20), compared to non-continuous or no use. The association did not differ in subgroups defined by age, body mass index, biologic use, or disease activity. CONCLUSION: In our prospective, longitudinal AS cohort, continuous NSAID use was associated with a 12% increased risk for the development of incident hypertension, as compared to non-continuous or no NSAID use.

Perm J ; 232019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31167703


INTRODUCTION: Marked elevation in serum ferritin levels may be seen in disseminated infection or severe organ failure states, but it is also present in hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). Herpes simplex virus (HSV) hepatitis has a high mortality rate, even in immunocompetent individuals, in whom it is rarely reported. We present a case of hyperferritinemia with features initially suggestive of a diagnosis of HLH but that ultimately proved to be fulminant HSV hepatitis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 56-year-old man with an indolent undiagnosed brain mass presented with progressive neurologic deficits and was found to have fevers, cytopenias, transaminitis, and hyperferritinemia. Initially, HLH was suspected; however, the ultimate diagnosis was HSV hepatitis with dissemination. Although the patient was treated with intravenous acyclovir, multiorgan failure developed, and he died. DISCUSSION: This case highlights the importance of considering alternative causes for a rise in ferritin levels when HLH is on the differential. Additionally, we discuss the diagnostic and therapeutic implications of HSV hepatitis, and we review the literature for cases presenting in immunocompetent hosts.

Rheumatol Int ; 39(9): 1637-1641, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31147732


The treat-to-target approach for serum uric acid is the recommended model in gout management according to the 2012 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) guidelines. Adherence to urate-lowering therapy (ULT) can be difficult for patients due to barriers, which include medication burden, financial hardship, and lack of medical literacy. Our aim was to create a pharmacist-managed referral for the titration of ULT to target serum uric acid (sUA) levels in a complex patient population. We utilized a clinical database to query patients seen at a rheumatology clinic over a 12-month period with an ICD-10 diagnosis for gout. The referral criteria were indications for ULT per the 2012 ACR guidelines. Rheumatology providers, consisting of attendings, fellows, and a physician assistant, were asked to refer the identified patients to the pharmacist-managed titration program. The intervention group consisted of 19 referred patients and the control group consisted of 28 non-referred patients. The baseline sUA (median (IQR)) at the time of referral was 8.8 (2) mg/dL for the intervention group and 7.6 (2.8) mg/dL for the control group (p = 0.2). At the end of the study period, the sUA was 6.1 (1.4) mg/dL for the intervention group and 6.8 (3.2) mg/dL for the control group (p = 0.08). At the end of the study period, 6 of 19 (32%) intervention group and 7 of 28 (25%) control group were at goal (p = 0.3). A newly instituted pharmacist-managed titration program was able to achieve lower average sUA levels in referred patients compared to demographically similar individuals who received standard gout management.

J Rheumatol ; 46(10): 1345-1349, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30647192


OBJECTIVE: In this retrospective observational study, we assess the efficacy and safety of the interleukin 1 receptor antagonist anakinra in medically complex, hospitalized patients with acute gout and calcium pyrophosphate crystal arthritis. METHODS: Adult inpatients treated with anakinra from 2014 to 2017 were identified for inclusion. Charts were reviewed for demographics, comorbidities, laboratory data, pain scores, joint involvement, prior treatment, dosing and response to anakinra, concurrent infections, and surgical interventions. Response to anakinra treatment was determined from review of provider documentation, as well as recorded pain scores on a numeric scale. RESULTS: We identified 100 individuals accounting for 115 episodes of arthritis. This population was 82% male, with an average age of 60 years. Comorbidities included renal disease (45%) and history of organ transplantation (14%). Twenty-nine episodes of arthritis occurred in the perioperative setting. Concurrent infection was present in 34 episodes. Eighty-six episodes of arthritis had partial or complete response to anakinra within 4 days of treatment initiation; 66 episodes had partial or complete response within 1 day of anakinra administration. Anakinra was well tolerated. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the largest observational study of anakinra use in the inpatient setting for the acute treatment of crystal-associated arthritis. We observed a rapid response to anakinra, with 75% of episodes significantly improving or completely resolving within 4 days of the first dose. Our data also support the use of this biologic agent in individuals with infections, as well as perioperative individuals and immunosuppressed transplant recipients.

Clin Rheumatol ; 38(2): 603-608, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30535729


Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is a rare and potentially fatal condition characterized by excessive activation and uncontrolled proliferation of T lymphocytes and macrophages, leading to overwhelming systemic inflammation and cytokine release. MAS has been reported with viral infections, autoimmune disorders, malignancies, and medications. We describe a case of a patient with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) treated with adalimumab, who presented with MAS.

Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Ativação Macrofágica/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Ativação Macrofágica/tratamento farmacológico , Espondilartrite/complicações , Adulto , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Masculino , Linfócitos T/imunologia
Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol ; 32(3): 369-389, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171309


The cardiovascular burden in inflammatory rheumatic diseases is well recognized. Recently, this burden has been highlighted in ankylosing spondylitis (also known as radiographic axial spondyloarthritis) and psoriatic arthritis. We review the cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in these diseases, as well as the prevalence and incidence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors. We examine the contribution of anti-inflammatory therapy with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, and TNF inhibitors on the cardiovascular risk profile. Finally, we examine the available recommendations for the management of cardiovascular comorbidity, as they apply to the spondyloarthritis population.

Artrite Psoriásica/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Comorbidade , Humanos , Prevalência