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Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5200, 2021 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465775


Superconducting computing promises enhanced computational power in both classical and quantum approaches. Yet, scalable and fast superconducting memories are not implemented. Here, we propose a fully superconducting memory cell based on the hysteretic phase-slip transition existing in long aluminum nanowire Josephson junctions. Embraced by a superconducting ring, the memory cell codifies the logic state in the direction of the circulating persistent current, as commonly defined in flux-based superconducting memories. But, unlike the latter, the hysteresis here is a consequence of the phase-slip occurring in the long weak link and associated to the topological transition of its superconducting gap. This disentangles our memory scheme from the large-inductance constraint, thus enabling its miniaturization. Moreover, the strong activation energy for phase-slip nucleation provides a robust topological protection against stochastic phase-slips and magnetic-flux noise. These properties make the Josephson phase-slip memory a promising solution for advanced superconducting classical logic architectures or flux qubits.

ACS Appl Electron Mater ; 3(9): 3927-3935, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36247495


We demonstrate an Al superconducting quantum interference device in which the Josephson junctions are implemented through gate-controlled proximity Cu mesoscopic weak links. This specific kind of metallic weak links behaves analogously to genuine superconducting metals in terms of the response to electrostatic gating and provides a good performance in terms of current-modulation visibility. We show that through the application of a static gate voltage we can modify the interferometer current-flux relation in a fashion that seems compatible with the introduction of π-channels within the gated weak link. Our results suggest that the microscopic mechanism at the origin of the suppression of the switching current in the interferometer is apparently phase coherent, resulting in an overall damping of the superconducting phase rigidity. We finally tackle the performance of the interferometer in terms of responsivity to magnetic flux variations in the dissipative regime and discuss the practical relevance of gated proximity-based all-metallic SQUIDs for magnetometry at the nanoscale.

Nat Nanotechnol ; 15(8): 656-660, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32541945


A classical battery converts chemical energy into a persistent voltage bias that can power electronic circuits. Similarly, a phase battery is a quantum device that provides a persistent phase bias to the wave function of a quantum circuit. It represents a key element for quantum technologies based on phase coherence. Here we demonstrate a phase battery in a hybrid superconducting circuit. It consists of an n-doped InAs nanowire with unpaired-spin surface states, that is proximitized by Al superconducting leads. We find that the ferromagnetic polarization of the unpaired-spin states is efficiently converted into a persistent phase bias φ0 across the wire, leading to the anomalous Josephson effect1,2. We apply an external in-plane magnetic field and, thereby, achieve continuous tuning of φ0. Hence, we can charge and discharge the quantum phase battery. The observed symmetries of the anomalous Josephson effect in the vectorial magnetic field are in agreement with our theoretical model. Our results demonstrate how the combined action of spin-orbit coupling and exchange interaction induces a strong coupling between charge, spin and superconducting phase, able to break the phase rigidity of the system.

Sci Rep ; 7(1): 8810, 2017 08 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28821881


Here we report the fabrication and characterization of fully superconducting quantum interference proximity transistors (SQUIPTs) based on the implementation of vanadium (V) in the superconducting loop. At low temperature, the devices show high flux-to-voltage (up to 0.52 mV/Φ0) and flux-to-current (above 12 nA/Φ0) transfer functions, with the best estimated flux sensitivity ~ 2.6 µΦ0/(Hz)1/2 reached under fixed voltage bias, where Φ0 is the flux quantum. The interferometers operate up to T bath [Formula: see text] 2 K, with an improvement of 70% of the maximal operating temperature with respect to early SQUIPTs design. The main features of the V-based SQUIPT are described within a simplified theoretical model. Our results open the way to the realization of SQUIPTs that take advantage of the use of higher-gap superconductors for ultra-sensitive nanoscale applications that operate at temperatures well above 1 K.