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Bone Joint J ; 102-B(2): 177-185, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009426


AIMS: To investigate the benefits of denosumab in combination with nerve-sparing surgery for treatment of sacral giant cell tumours (GCTs). METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of patients with GCT who presented between January 2011 and July 2017. Intralesional curettage was performed and patients treated from 2015 to 2017 also received denosumab therapy. The patients were divided into three groups: Cohort 1: control group (n = 36); cohort 2: adjuvant denosumab group (n = 9); and cohort 3: neo- and adjuvant-denosumab group (n = 17). RESULTS: There were 68 patients within the study period. Six patients were lost to follow-up. The mean follow-up was 47.7 months (SD 23.2). Preoperative denosumab was found to reduce intraoperative haemorrhage and was associated with shorter operating time for tumour volume > 200 cm3. A total of 17 patients (27.4%) developed local recurrence. The locoregional control rate was 77.8% (7/9) and 87.5% (14/16) respectively for cohorts 2 and 3, in comparison to 66.7% (24/36) of the control group. The recurrence-free survival (RFS) rate was significantly higher for adjuvant denosumab group versus those without adjuvant denosumab during the first two years: 100% vs 83.8% at one year and 95.0% vs 70.3% at two years. No significant difference was found for the three-year RFS rate. CONCLUSION: Preoperative denosumab therapy was found to reduce intraoperative haemorrhage and was associated with shorter operating times. Adjuvant denosumab was useful to prevent early recurrence during the first two years after surgery. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(2):177-185.

Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Denosumab/uso terapêutico , Tumor de Células Gigantes do Osso/cirurgia , Sacro/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Terapia Combinada , Curetagem/métodos , Feminino , Tumor de Células Gigantes do Osso/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
Case Rep Orthop ; 2019: 5156032, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485364


Intramuscular myxomas are rare, benign mesenchymal tumors. Tumor location in the forearm is very rare among all the intramuscular myxomas. To the best of our knowledge, there were two cases of supinator intramuscular myxoma reported in the literature, and we intend to report the third case of supinator myxoma with encasement of the posterior interosseous nerve (PIN). A 67-year-old lady presented with history of left proximal forearm swelling for the past 5 years. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a lobulated multiseptated lesion seen within left supinator muscle, which was hyperintense on T2-weighted images (T2WI) and hypointense on T1-weighted images (T1WI), with peripheral enhancement post contrast. The tissue diagnosis of myxoma was confirmed via an open biopsy. She underwent en bloc resection of the tumor. The PIN was encased by the tumor; it was preserved and carefully released from the tumor. The nerve sheath served as an excision margin. In conclusion, we present a rare case of an intramuscular myxoma in the supinator muscle. In view of the location, extra attention should be paid during excision surgery to locate the PIN and to avoid damaging the surrounding structures.

J Foot Ankle Surg ; 56(6): 1292-1297, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28659241


Melanoma is a well-known malignant neoplasm of the skin, although it can also arise from other structures. Bone metastasis is not an uncommon event associated with melanoma, although primary osseous melanoma is very rare. In the present report, we describe a case of primary melanoma arising from the left third metatarsal in an adult male. The lesion was treated with surgical excision without adjunct chemotherapy, and recurrence developed approximately 12 months after the foot surgery. The patient died of the cancer 34 months after it had been identified. Primary melanoma arising in a metatarsal is rare, and we wished to highlight this unusual presentation.

Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Melanoma/patologia , Melanoma/cirurgia , Ossos do Metatarso/patologia , Adulto , Biópsia por Agulha , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Progressão da Doença , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Melanoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Ossos do Metatarso/diagnóstico por imagem , Ossos do Metatarso/cirurgia , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Doenças Raras , Medição de Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
Eur Spine J ; 25 Suppl 1: 245-50, 2016 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27028615


PURPOSE: Patients with Fontan circulation have increased cardio-respiratory risk during major spinal surgery. We report a case of severe scoliosis with a Cobb angle of 123.3° in a 16-year-old boy with Fontan circulation treated with single stage posterior segmental pedicle screw instrumentation and fusion. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: The use pre-operative halo-ring traction for a duration of 6 weeks in this case lead to improvement in cobb angle from 123.3°, kyphotic angle 87.1° to cobb angle of 78.0°, kyphotic angle 57.2° (on bending and stress films). The operation was completed in 150 min, blood loss 1050 ml (25 ml/kg), and cell salvage of 490 ml. He was immediately extubated post correction, but monitored in ICU for a day. Total length of stay was 8 days without any perioperative morbidity or allogeneic blood transfusion. Final post-operative radiograph showed a cobb angle of 44.2°, kyphotic angle 22.8°. Follow up at 27 months showed solid union with no significant loss of correction. CONCLUSION: From this case experience, pre-operative halo traction is a useful surgical strategy in patients with Fontan circulation with severe kyposcoliosis to achieve adequate correction without additional osteotomies to minimize the risk of surgical correction.

Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Escoliose/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Tração/métodos , Adolescente , Humanos , Cifose/patologia , Cifose/cirurgia , Masculino , Parafusos Pediculares , Período Pós-Operatório , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Escoliose/patologia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento