Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 142
Filtrar
1.
Cells ; 10(7)2021 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34359838

RESUMO

The open carrier system (OC) is used for vitrification due to its high efficiency in preserving female fertility, but concerns remain that it bears possible risks of cross-contamination. Closed carrier systems (CC) could be an alternative to the OC to increase safety. However, the viability and developmental competence of vitrified/warmed (VW) oocytes using the CC were significantly lower than with OC. We aimed to improve the efficiency of the CC. Metaphase II oocytes were collected from mice after superovulation and subjected to in vitro fertilization after vitrification/warming. Increasing the cooling/warming rate and exposure time to cryoprotectants as key parameters for the CC effectively improved the survival rate and developmental competence of VW oocytes. When all the conditions that improved the outcomes were applied to the conventional CC, hereafter named the modified vitrification/warming procedure using CC (mVW-CC), the viability and developmental competence of VW oocytes were significantly improved as compared to those of VW oocytes in the CC. Furthermore, mVW-CC increased the spindle normality of VW oocytes, as well as the cell number of blastocysts developed from VW oocytes. Collectively, our mVW-CC optimized for mouse oocytes can be utilized for humans without concerns regarding possible cross-contamination during vitrification in the future.

2.
J Med Food ; 24(8): 883-893, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34406877

RESUMO

During constipation, indigestible foods, such as probiotics, prebiotics, and dietary fiber, may improve the bowel environment and activity. In this randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled study, the effects of ID-HWS1000, composed of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium species, xylooligosaccharide, and dietary fiber, were evaluated to determine whether it improves the perception of bowel activity or cause changes in the gut microbiome. Thirty Korean adults with "functional constipation" according to the Rome III criteria were randomly assigned to the following groups: 20 in the ID-HWS1000 group and 10 in the placebo group. ID-HWS1000 or the placebo was consumed by the participants for 4 weeks. To assess the changes in the perception of bowel activity, clinical data and gut microbiome analyses were conducted before and after the experiment. There were significant differences between the groups in the response to 9 of the 12 survey questions (the number and duration of bowel movements, amount of feces, number of irritant bowel movements, number of times bowel movements felt incomplete, shape of the feces, amount of gas in the gut, discomfort after defecation, and discomfort owing to constipation) (P < .05). There was a decrease in the proportion of Firmicutes (Ruminococcaceae and Lachnospiraceae) and an increase in Bacteroidetes (Bacteroidaceae) (P < .05). Moreover, ID-HWS1000 directly improved the discomfort associated with bowel movements, decreased the proportion of Lachnospiraceae, and increased the proportion of Bacteroidaceae. These results confirmed that ID-HWS1000 improves the perception of bowel activity and exerts positive changes in individuals with functional constipation.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Probióticos , Adulto , Constipação Intestinal , Defecação , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Percepção , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Cells ; 10(6)2021 06 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205802

RESUMO

Advanced maternal age (AMA) is known to be related to the decrease in the quality and quantity of oocytes. Oocyte vitrification is now considered an established assisted reproductive technology for fertility preservation. However, it remains unclear whether the oocytes in older women are more sensitive to various insults during vitrification. Thus, we evaluated whether AMA affects cellular and molecular features and developmental outcomes of oocytes after vitrification in mice. The oocytes were grouped as young fresh (YF), young vitrified/warmed (YV), aged fresh (AF), and aged vitrified/warmed (AV). The survival rate of AV oocytes was significantly lower than that of YV oocytes. The rates of fertilization, cleavage, and blastocyst formation of AV oocytes were significantly lower than those of other groups. AV oocytes were represented as aberrations in mitochondria distribution, microvacuole size, and autophagosome formation, leading to delayed embryo development in mice. This delay was associated with a reduced number of total cells and trophectoderm in the blastocyst developed from AV oocytes. Collectively, AMA exaggerates the vulnerability of oocytes to cryo-damage that occurs during vitrification in mice, suggesting that the current vitrification protocols optimized for oocytes from young females should be modified for oocytes from aged women.

4.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 19(1): 112, 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34271917

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The tumor susceptibility gene 101 (Tsg101), a component of the endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) complex I, is involved in multiple biological processes involving endomembranous structures and the plasma membrane. The role of Tsg101 in the uterine epithelium was investigated in Tsg101 floxed mice crossed with Lactoferrin-iCre mice (Tsg101d/d). METHODS: Tsg101d/d mice were bred with stud male mice and the status of pregnancy was examined on days 4 and 6. Histological analyses were performed to examine the uterine architecture. Immunofluorescence staining of several markers was examined by confocal microscopy. Uterine epithelial cells (UECs) were isolated from Tsg101f/f and Tsg101d/d mice, and the expression of necroptosis effectors was examined by RT-PCR, western blotting, and immunofluorescence staining. UECs were also subjected to RNA expression profiling. RESULTS: Tsg101d/d female mice were subfertile with implantation failure, showing unattached blastocysts on day 6 of pregnancy. Histological and marker analyses revealed that some Tsg101d/d day 4 pregnant uteri showed a disintegrated uterine epithelial structure. Tsg101d/d UECs began to degenerate within 18 h of culture. In UECs, expression of necroptosis effectors, such as RIPK1, RIPK3, and MLKL were first confirmed. UECs responded to a stimulus to activate necroptosis and showed increased cell death. CONCLUSIONS: Tsg101 deficiency in the uterine epithelium causes implantation failure, which may be caused by epithelial defects. This study provides evidence that UECs harbor a necroptotic machinery that responds to death-inducing signals. Thus, Tsg101 expression in the uterine epithelium is required for normal pregnancy in mice.

5.
Endocr Pract ; 27(10): 983-991, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34144210

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between body composition, metabolic parameters, and bone mineral density (BMD) according to sex and the degree of obesity in children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 236 subjects with obesity, aged 10 to 15 years (36.9% girls), were enrolled. Obesity was classified into simple (SmOb) and extreme (ExOb) forms. The BMD of the total body, less head, was measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry, and the BMD z-score was used to evaluate the relationship of body composition with metabolic parameters. RESULTS: BMD z-scores were higher in subjects with ExOb than in those with SmOb. Lean mass index (LMI), body mass index z-score, and vitamin D intake showed positive relationships, whereas percentage of body fat and serum leptin level showed negative relationships with BMD z-scores in boys. In girls, LMI and body mass index z-score showed positive relationships with BMD z-scores. In multivariable linear regressions, serum leptin level showed negative relationships with BMD z-score, only in boys. In addition, positive relationships of LMI and negative relationships of percentage of body fat with BMD z-scores were observed in subjects with SmOb. However, positive relationships of LMI with BMD z-scores were attenuated in subjects with ExOb. CONCLUSION: High BMD appears to be positively associated with lean mass in children and adolescents with obesity, which might be a natural protective mechanism to withstand the excess weight. However, excessive body fat appears to be negatively associated with BMD, which might attenuate the positive relationship between lean mass and BMD in subjects with ExOb.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Obesidade Pediátrica , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adolescente , Composição Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia
6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 7244, 2021 03 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790305

RESUMO

The screening rate of diabetic retinopathy (DR) is low despite the importance of early diagnosis. We investigated the predictive value of dietary glutamic acid and aspartic acid for diagnosis of DR using the Korea National Diabetes Program cohort study. The 2067 patients with type 2 diabetes without DR were included. The baseline intakes of energy, glutamic acid and aspartic acid were assessed using a 3-day food records. The risk of DR incidence based on intake of glutamic acid and aspartic acid was analyzed. The DR group was older, and had higher HbA1c, longer DM duration, lower education level and income than non-DR group (all p < 0.05). The intake of total energy, glutamic acid and aspartic acid were lower in DR group than non-DR group (p = 0.010, p = 0.025 and p = 0.042, respectively). There was no difference in the risk of developing DR according to the intake of glutamic acid and ascorbic acid. But, aspartic acid intake had a negative correlation with PDR. Hence, the intake of glutamic acid and aspartic acid did not affect in DR incidence. However, lower aspartic acid intake affected the PDR incidence.

7.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 10(4)2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33810497

RESUMO

Aging is associated with a decline in the quality of biological functions. Among the aging processes, reproductive aging is a critical process because of its intergenerational effects. However, the mechanisms underlying reproductive aging remain largely unknown. Female reproductive aging is the primary reason for limited fertility in mammals. Therefore, we attempted to investigate a modulator that can control female reproductive aging using a Caenorhabditis elegans model. In the present study, we examined the role of nicotinamide (NAM) in oocyte quality and offspring development. The levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress responses in aged oocytes, embryonic lethality, and developmental growth of the offspring were examined with maternal NAM supplementation. Supplementation with NAM improved oocyte quality, decreased embryonic lethality, and promoted germ cell apoptosis. Furthermore, NAM supplementation in aged mothers reduced ROS accumulation and improved mitochondrial function in oocytes. Consequently, the developmental growth and motility of offspring were improved. These findings suggest that NAM supplementation improves the health of the offspring produced by aged mothers through improved mitochondrial function. Taken together, our results imply that NAM supplementation in the aged mother improves oocyte quality and protects offspring by modulating mitochondrial function.

8.
Nutrients ; 13(4)2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33807269

RESUMO

Unhealthy dietary patterns are associated with obesity in children and adolescents. However, few studies have investigated the relationships between dietary patterns and obesity-related metabolic disorders among Asians. We identified dietary patterns in children and adolescents and examined the associations between these patterns and obesity, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome in South Korea. This study is a cross-sectional design. We used baseline data from an intervention study of 435 Korean children and adolescents aged 6-17 years. Insulin resistance was assessed as HOMA-IR ≥ 2.6. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed by cardiovascular disease risk factor clustering. Dietary intakes were estimated using 3-day food records. Factor analysis was used to obtain dietary patterns, and we examined the associations between dietary patterns and obesity-related markers adjusted for potential covariates. Three dietary patterns were identified as fast food and soda (FFS), white rice and kimchi (WRK), and oil and seasoned vegetable (OSV) patterns. Compared with participants in the lower intake of FFS pattern, those in the top intake were associated with a higher waist circumference (WC) (ß = 1.55), insulin level (ß = 1.25), and body mass index (BMI) (ß = 0.53) and it was positively associated with HOMA-IR ≥ 2.6 (OR = 2.11; 95% CI: 1.227-3.638) (p < 0.05). WRK pattern was associated with lower weight and higher HDL cholesterol, and the OSV pattern was associated with a lower weight, WC, and insulin level (p < 0.05). The FFS pattern showed a positive relation with WC, serum insulin, and BMI, and the other two dietary patterns indicated a preventive effect of those parameters. The FFS pattern was associated with significantly elevated insulin resistance among children and adolescents.


Assuntos
Peso Corporal , Doenças Metabólicas , Adolescente , Glicemia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade Pediátrica , Fatores de Risco , Circunferência da Cintura
9.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0245875, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33507953

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the effectiveness of the first 6 months of a 24 month multidisciplinary intervention program including circuit training and a balanced diet in children and adolescents with obesity. METHODS: A quasi-experimental intervention trial included 242 participants (age [mean±standard deviation]: 11.3±2.06 years, 97 girls) of at least 85th percentile of age- and sex-specific body mass index (BMI). Participants were grouped into three to receive usual care (usual care group), exercise intervention with circuit training (exercise group), or intensive nutritional and feedback intervention with a balanced diet (nutritional group). Primary outcome was BMI z-score, while secondary outcomes included body composition, cardiometabolic risk markers, nutrition, and physical fitness. RESULTS: Among the participants, 80.6% had a BMI ≥ the 97th percentile for age and sex. The BMI z-score of the overall completers decreased by about 0.080 after 6 months of intervention (p < 0.001). After the intervention, both exercise and nutritional groups had significantly lower BMI z-scores than the baseline data by about 0.14 and 0.075, respectively (p < 0.05). Significant group by time interaction effects were observed between exercise versus usual care group in BMI z-score (ß, -0.11; 95% confidence interval (CI), -0.20 to -0.023) and adiponectin (ß, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.08 to 1.58); and between nutritional versus usual care group in waist circumference (ß, -3.47; 95% CI, -6.06 to -0.89). No statistically significant differences were observed in any of the other secondary outcomes assessed. CONCLUSION: Multidisciplinary intervention including circuit training and a balanced diet for children and adolescents with obesity reduced the BMI z-score and improved cardiometabolic risk markers such as adiponectin and waist circumference.


Assuntos
Dieta Redutora/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Síndrome Metabólica/terapia , Obesidade/terapia , Adiponectina/sangue , Adolescente , Biomarcadores/sangue , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/dietoterapia , Obesidade/dietoterapia
10.
Cell Prolif ; 54(3): e12996, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33496365

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The female reproductive tract comprises several different cell types. Using three representative Cre systems, we comparatively analysed the phenotypes of Dgcr8 conditional knockout (cKO) mice to understand the function of Dgcr8, involved in canonical microRNA biogenesis, in the female reproductive tract. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dgcr8f/f mice were crossed with Ltficre/+ , Amhr2cre/+ or PRcre/+ mice to produce mice deficient in Dgcr8 in epithelial (Dgcr8ed/ed ), mesenchymal (Dgcr8md/md ) and all the compartments (Dgcr8td/td ) in the female reproductive tract. Reproductive phenotypes were evaluated in Dgcr8 cKO mice. Uteri and/or oviducts were used for small RNA-seq, mRNA-seq, real-time RT-PCR, and/or morphologic and histological analyses. RESULT: Dgcr8ed/ed mice did not exhibit any distinct defects, whereas Dgcr8md/md mice showed sub-fertility and oviductal smooth muscle deformities. Dgcr8td/td mice were infertile due to anovulation and acute inflammation in the female reproductive tract and suffered from an atrophic uterus with myometrial defects. The microRNAs and mRNAs related to immune modulation and/or smooth muscle growth were systemically altered in the Dgcr8td/td uterus. Expression profiles of dysregulated microRNAs and mRNAs in the Dgcr8td/td uterus were different from those in other genotypes in a Cre-dependent manner. CONCLUSIONS: Dgcr8 deficiency with different Cre systems induces overlapping but distinct phenotypes as well as the profiles of microRNAs and their target mRNAs in the female reproductive tract, suggesting the importance of selecting the appropriate Cre driver to investigate the genes of interest.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Reprodução/genética , Útero/patologia , Animais , Feminino , Integrases/metabolismo , Integrases/farmacologia , Camundongos Knockout , MicroRNAs/genética , Oviductos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Oviductos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Reprodução/fisiologia , Útero/metabolismo
11.
Cryobiology ; 99: 140-148, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33242477

RESUMO

Cryopreserved oocytes are inevitably exposed to cold stress, which negatively affects the cellular aspects of the oocytes. Lipidomic analysis of the oocytes reveals quantitative changes in lipid classes under conditions of cold stress, leading to potential freezing-vulnerability. We had previously shown that specific phospholipids are significantly downregulated in vitrified-warmed mouse oocytes compared to those in fresh oocytes. In this study, we examined whether supplementation of polyethylene glycol 8000 (PEG 8000) during vitrification influences the lipidome of the oocytes. We used liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to study the alteration in the lipidome in three groups of mouse oocytes: fresh, vitrified-warmed, and vitrified with PEG 8000-warmed during vitrification. In these groups, we targeted to analyze 21 lipid classes. We profiled 132 lipid species in the oocytes and statistical analyses revealed lipid classes that were up- or downregulated in these groups. Overall, our data revealed that several classes of lipids were affected during vitrification, and that oocytes vitrified with PEG 8000 to some extent alleviated the levels of changes in phospholipid and sphingolipid contents during vitrification. These results suggest that phospholipids and sphingolipids are influenced by PEG 8000 during vitrification and that PEG 8000 can be considered as a potential candidate for preserving membrane integrity during oocyte cryopreservation.


Assuntos
Lipidômica , Vitrificação , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Criopreservação/métodos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Camundongos , Oócitos , Polietilenoglicóis , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
12.
Cell Biosci ; 10(1): 132, 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33292460

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aberration of estrogen (E2) and/or progesterone (P4) signaling pathways affects expression of their target genes, which may lead to failure of embryo implantation and following pregnancy. Although many target genes of progesterone receptors (PRs) have been identified in uterine stroma, only a few PR targets have been reported in the epithelium. Secretory phospholipase A2-(PLA2)-X, a member of the PLA2 family that releases arachidonic acids for the synthesis of prostaglandins that are important for embryo implantation, is dysregulated in the endometrium of patients suffering from repeated implantation failure. However, it is not clear whether sPLA2-X is directly regulated by ovarian steroid hormones for embryo implantation in the uterus. RESULT: P4 induced the Pla2g10 encoding of secretory PLA2-X in the apical region of uterine LE of ovariectomized mice via PR in both time- and dose-dependent manners, whereas E2 significantly inhibited it. This finding is consistent with the higher expression of Pla2g10 at the diestrus stage, when P4 is elevated during the estrous cycle, and at P4-treated delayed implantation. The level of Pla2g10 on day 4 of pregnancy (day 4) was dramatically decreased on day 5, when PRs are absent in the LE. Luciferase assays of mutagenesis in uterine epithelial cells demonstrated that four putative PR response elements in a Pla2g10 promoter region are transcriptionally active for Pla2g10. Intrauterine delivery of small interfering RNA for Pla2g10 on day 3 significantly reduced the number of implantation sites, reinforcing the critical function(s) of Pla2g10 for uterine receptivity in mice. CONCLUSIONS: Pla2g10 is a novel PR target gene whose expression is exclusively localized in the apical region of the uterine LE for uterine receptivity for embryo implantation in mice.

13.
Nutr Res ; 84: 53-62, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33218692

RESUMO

Higher motivation could support to lead behavioral change for obese children and adolescents. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a nutrition care process (NCP)-based intervention targeted on diet and weight status in moderate to severe obese children and adolescents in Korea. One hundred four subjects (mean age: 10.95 years, body mass index (BMI) ≥97th percentile of age-sex) participated in the present study. Subjects were divided into a usual care group (UG) and a nutrition group (NG). All participants underwent nutrition education 6 times. The NG received individual access and continuous monitoring and setting goals with respect to nutritional problems. Consumption of high-calorie, low-nutrient (HCLN) food was significantly decreased (P < .05) and the Diet Quality Index-International (DQI-I) score also increased with respect to sodium (P < .001). The total self-efficacy score was increased from 9.15 to 10.14 points (P < .01). After 24 weeks, the BMI-z-score decreased from 2.27 to 2.19 in the NG (P < .05); however, no group difference was found. BMI-z-score was negatively associated with self-efficacy (ß = -0.03, P < .019). NCP-based intervention might be helpful to solve dietary problems by enhancing self-efficacy and lower BMI-z-score in moderately to severely obese children and adolescents.

14.
Clin Exp Reprod Med ; 47(4): 263-268, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33227184

RESUMO

Autophagy, which has the literal meaning of self-eating, is a cellular catabolic process executed by arrays of conserved proteins in eukaryotes. Autophagy is dynamically ongoing at a basal level, presumably in all cells, and often carries out distinct functions depending on the cell type. Therefore, although a set of common genes and proteins is involved in this process, the outcome of autophagic activation or deficit requires scrutiny regarding how it affects cells in a specific pathophysiological context. The uterus is a complex organ that carries out multiple tasks under the influence of cyclic changes of ovarian steroid hormones. Several major populations of cells are present in the uterus, and the interactions among them drive complex physiological tasks. Mouse models with autophagic deficits in the uterus are very limited, but provide an initial glimpse at how autophagy plays a distinct role in different uterine tissues. Herein, we review recent research findings on the role of autophagy in the uterine mesenchyme in mouse models.

15.
Nutrients ; 12(10)2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028039

RESUMO

Non-invasive anthropometric measurement methods such as those for measuring height and weight are crucial in pediatric patients. However, research focusing on the association between the type of dietary pattern and handgrip strength and handgrip-to-weight ratio in adolescents has not been carried out yet. This cross-sectional analysis of the 2014-2017 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey assessed 2327 adolescents (aged 10-18 years) who had their handgrip strength measured and analyzed its association with dietary pattern. The clusters were examined for nutritional values, and the ready-to-eat, balanced, and Western-style fast-food clusters were ultimately generated. Overall, 85.6% of the participants were assigned to a ready-to-eat dietary pattern, 9.3% to a Western-style fast-food dietary pattern, and 5.1% to a balanced dietary pattern. Compared with the participants following a balanced dietary pattern, those following a ready-to-eat dietary pattern were shown to have a significantly lower handgrip strength and handgrip-to-weight ratio. Decreased handgrip strength and handgrip-to-weight ratio values in participants following ready-to-eat dietary patterns indicate a diffuse problem in adolescents' health and possibly imply an association between reduced muscle quality and dietary pattern. Therefore, the overall environmental factors potentially inducing such unhealthy dietary preferences should be investigated, and appropriate lifestyle changes in Korean adolescents should be encouraged.


Assuntos
Dieta , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Dieta Ocidental , Fast Foods , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Nutritivo , República da Coreia
16.
Obes Res Clin Pract ; 14(6): 566-572, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004301

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Significant dropout rates remain a serious concern in pediatric weight control program, but few studies have identified predictors of dropout. AIMS: The objective of the study is to identify factors associated with dropout from a pediatric lifestyle modification weight control program at different phases. METHODS: Data on overweight and obese participants (n = 242) aged 11-18 years in the Intervention for Childhood and Adolescent Obesity via Activity and Nutrition (ICAAN) study were collected at baseline, 6-months, and 24-months through self-report and a laboratory test. Logistic regression analysis was performed for those who dropped out during the first 6-months, and multivariate generalized estimating equation analysis identified longitudinal factors associated with those who dropped out after 24 months. RESULTS: Lower family functioning (OR = 2.30, 95% CI [1.18-4.46]), exercise group (OR = 0.36, 95% CI [0.15-0.86]), lower initial attendance rate (OR = 6.09, 95% CI [2.94-12.6]), and non-self -referral pathways (OR = 2.35, 95% CI [1.05-5.27]) were significantly associated with 6-month dropouts. For late dropout, lower family functioning (OR = 1.71, 95% CI [1.06-2.77]) and lower initial attendance rates (OR = 2.06, 95% CI [1.12-3.81]) remained significant. CONCLUSION: Family function and initial attendance rate were associated with lower dropout rates. Developing a supportive family environment and focusing on the early-stage factors at the intervention's outset may reduce overall dropout rates in obesity prevention intervention.

17.
Nutrients ; 12(9)2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32906713

RESUMO

Globally, cardiometabolic multimorbidity pattern (CMP) is a complex chronic health status that negatively effects the life expectancy of adults globally, even more than single diseases. We aimed to identify multimorbidity patterns in Korean adults to clarify the associations between dietary factors and CMP. Nationally representative data of 9011 Korean adults aged 19-64 years were obtained from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from the period 2013 to 2015. Multimorbidity patterns for CMP, inflammatory disease, cancer and other disease patterns were identified by exploratory factor analysis. Dietary factors including food and nutrient intake and dietary habits were evaluated. Multivariable-adjusted logistic regression models examined the associations between dietary factors and CMP. More than half of the multimorbidity patterns were CMP (n = 4907, 54.5%); CMP subjects were more likely to be older, male, less educated, lower income, laborers, smokers, and high-risk consumers of alcohol than those of non-CMP subjects. A higher intake of calcium (OR = 0.809, 95% CI = 0.691-0.945), potassium (OR = 0.838, 95% CI = 0.704-0.998), and fruits (OR = 0.841, 95% CI = 0.736-0.960) were inversely associated with the prevalence of CMP, while the consumption of irregular meals (OR = 1.164, 95% CI = 1.034-1.312) and skipping breakfast (OR = 1.279, 95% CI = 1.078-1.518) was positively related to a 16% and 28% higher likelihood of CMP, respectively. CMP accounts for more than half of the multimorbidity patterns in the Korean population, and lower intake of calcium, potassium, fruits, and skipping meals have strong associations with CMP.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Multimorbidade , Adulto , Desjejum , Estudos Transversais , Ingestão de Energia , Feminino , Frutas , Humanos , Masculino , Refeições , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Prevalência , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
18.
BMC Res Notes ; 13(1): 307, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32605654

RESUMO

OBJECT: Measuring handgrip strength is a useful method to evaluate sarcopenia. No study has shown the trends of handgrip strength to weight ratio among Korean adolescents by year. This study aimed to determine the trends of handgrip strength among Korean adolescents using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Data of 2304 adolescents who participated in the KNHANES between 2014 and 2017 were obtained. The handgrip-to-weight ratios were categorized by age, sex, and year. RESULTS: Handgrip strength in adolescents decreased from 28.67 kg in 2014 to 27 kg in 2017 (P for trend < 0.05). The handgrip-to-weight ratio also decreased from 51.48 in 2014 to 48.18 in 2017 (P for trend < 0.05). The handgrip strength and handgrip-to-weight ratio also decreased among boys and girls over the years 2014-2017 (P for trend < 0.05). The results of the present study indicate that the handgrip-to-weight ratio decreased in Korean adolescents from the years 2014 to 2017, and a declining overall ratio indicates a decrease in the health status among Korean adolescents. Hence, there is a need to review the health status of Korean adolescents.


Assuntos
Peso Corporal , Força da Mão , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Feminino , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos Nutricionais , República da Coreia
19.
Mol Ther ; 28(8): 1818-1832, 2020 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32534604

RESUMO

Asherman's syndrome (AS) is characterized by intrauterine adhesions or fibrosis resulting from scarring inside the endometrium. AS is associated with infertility, recurrent miscarriage, and placental abnormalities. Although mesenchymal stem cells show therapeutic promise for the treatment of AS, the molecular mechanisms underlying its pathophysiology remain unclear. We ascertained that mice with AS, like human patients with AS, suffer from extensive fibrosis, oligo/amenorrhea, and infertility. Human perivascular stem cells (hPVSCs) from umbilical cords repaired uterine damage in mice with AS, regardless of their delivery routes. In mice with AS, embryo implantation is aberrantly deferred, which leads to intrauterine growth restriction followed by no delivery at term. hPVSC administration significantly improved implantation defects and subsequent poor pregnancy outcomes via hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF1α)-dependent angiogenesis in a dose-dependent manner. Pharmacologic inhibition of HIF1α activity hindered hPVSC actions on pregnancy outcomes, whereas stabilization of HIF1α activity facilitated such actions. Furthermore, therapeutic effects of hPVSCs were not observed in uterine-specific HIF1α-knockout mice with AS. Secretome analyses of hPVSCs identified cyclophilin-A as the major paracrine factor for hPVSC therapy via HIF1α-dependent angiogenesis. Collectively, we demonstrate that hPVSCs-derived cyclophilin-A facilitates HIF1α-dependent angiogenesis to ameliorate compromised uterine environments in mice with AS, representing the major pathophysiologic features of humans with AS.

20.
Autophagy ; : 1-18, 2020 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579471

RESUMO

The uterus undergoes vascular changes during the reproductive cycle and pregnancy. Steroid hormone deprivation induces macroautophagy/autophagy in major uterine cell types. Herein, we explored the functions of uterine autophagy using the Amhr2-Cre-driven atg7 deletion model. Deletion of Atg7 was confirmed by functional deficit of autophagy in uterine stromal, myometrial, and vascular smooth muscle cells, but not in endothelial cells. atg7d/d uteri exhibited enhanced stromal edema accompanied by dilation of blood vessels. Ovariectomized atg7d/d uteri showed decreased expression of endothelial junction-related proteins, such as CTNNB1/beta-catenin, with increased vascular permeability, and increased expression of VEGFA and NOS1. Nitric oxide (NO) was shown to mediate VEGFA-induced vascular permeability by targeting CTNNB1. NO involvement in maintaining endothelial junctional stability in atg7d/d uteri was confirmed by the reduction in extravasation following treatment with a NOS inhibitor. We also showed that atg7d/d uterine phenotype improved the fetal weight:placental weight ratio, which is one of the indicators of assessing the status of preeclampsia. We showed that autophagic deficit in the uterine vessel microenvironment provokes hyperpermeability through the deregulation of VEGFA, NOS1, and CTNNB1. ABBREVIATIONS: ACTA2: actin, alpha 2, smooth muscle, aortic; Amhr2: anti-Mullerian hormone type 2 receptor; ANGPT1: angiopoietin 1; ATG: autophagy-related; CDH5: cadherin 5; CLDN5: claudin 5; COL1A1: collagen, type I, alpha 1; CSPG4/NG2: chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan 4; CTNNB1: catenin (cadherin associated protein), beta 1; DES: desmin; EDN1: endothelin 1; EDNRB: endothelin receptor type B; F3: coagulation factor III; KDR/FLK1/VEGFR2: kinase insert domain protein receptor; LYVE1: lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor 1; MAP1LC3B: microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 beta; MCAM/CD146: melanoma cell adhesion molecule; MYL2: myosin, light polypeptide 2, regulatory, cardiac, slow; MYLK: myosin, light polypeptide kinase; NOS1/nNOS: nitric oxide synthase 1, neuronal; NOS2/iNOS: nitric oxide synthase 2, inducible; NOS3/eNOS: nitric oxide synthase 3, endothelial cell; OVX: ovariectomy; PECAM1/CD31: platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1; POSTN: periostin, osteoblast specific factor; SQSTM1: sequestosome 1; TEK/Tie2: TEK receptor tyrosine kinase; TJP1/ZO-1: tight junction protein 1; TUBB1, tubulin, beta 1 class VI; USC: uterine stromal cell; VEGFA: vascular endothelial growth factor A; VSMC: vascular smooth muscle cell.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...