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1.
Org Lett ; 21(22): 9099-9103, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668077

RESUMO

We report herein an efficient, stereocontrolled, and chromatography-free synthesis of the novel broad spectrum antibiotic GDC-5338. The route features the construction of a functionalized tripeptide backbone, a high-yielding macrocyclization via a Pd-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura reaction, and the late-stage elaboration of key amide bonds with minimal stereochemical erosion. Through extensive reaction development and analytical understanding, these key advancements allowed the preparation of GDC-5338 in 17 steps, 15% overall yield, >99 A % HPLC, and >99:1 dr.

2.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 29(16): 2294-2301, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307887

RESUMO

CDK4 and CDK6 are kinases with similar sequences that regulate cell cycle progression and are validated targets in the treatment of cancer. Glioblastoma is characterized by a high frequency of CDKN2A/CCND2/CDK4/CDK6 pathway dysregulation, making dual inhibition of CDK4 and CDK6 an attractive therapeutic approach for this disease. Abemaciclib, ribociclib, and palbociclib are approved CDK4/6 inhibitors for the treatment of HR+/HER2- breast cancer, but these drugs are not expected to show strong activity in brain tumors due to poor blood brain barrier penetration. Herein, we report the identification of a brain-penetrant CDK4/6 inhibitor derived from a literature molecule with low molecular weight and topological polar surface area (MW = 285 and TPSA = 66 Å2), but lacking the CDK2/1 selectivity profile due to the absence of a basic amine. Removal of a hydrogen bond donor via cyclization of the pyrazole allowed for the introduction of basic and semi-basic amines, while maintaining in many cases efflux ratios reasonable for a CNS program. Ultimately, a basic spiroazetidine (cpKa = 8.8) was identified that afforded acceptable selectivity over anti-target CDK1 while maintaining brain-penetration in vivo (mouse Kp,uu = 0.20-0.59). To probe the potency and selectivity, our lead compound was evaluated in a panel of glioblastoma cell lines. Potency comparable to abemaciclib was observed in Rb-wild type lines U87MG, DBTRG-05MG, A172, and T98G, while Rb-deficient cell lines SF539 and M059J exhibited a lack of sensitivity.

3.
Org Lett ; 21(1): 147-151, 2019 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30565949

RESUMO

Two practical entries to arylomycin antibiotics core structures are investigated. In route A, the activation of l-Hpg for the key macrolactamization step is achieved in 89% yield in the presence of unprotected phenol and amine functionalities. Alternatively, a propanephosphonic acid anhydride (T3P)-promoted coupling between thel-Tyr and l-Ala moieties in route B led to a facile macrolactamization in 68% yield with a marked reduction in competing oligomerization.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/síntese química , Oligopeptídeos/síntese química , Aminas/química , Antibacterianos/química , Estrutura Molecular , Oligopeptídeos/química , Fenóis/química , Ácidos Fosforosos/química
4.
J Org Chem ; 83(19): 11571-11576, 2018 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30200756

RESUMO

We report an efficient synthesis of GDC-0810 on the basis of a sequence involving a highly stereoselective lithium tert-butoxide-mediated enolization-tosylation (≥95:5 E: Z) and a Pd-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling as key steps. Global deprotection, pyrrolidine salt formation, and final active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) form control/isolation produced GDC-0810 free acid in a 40% overall yield with >99.0% purity as ascertained by HPLC analysis.

5.
Org Lett ; 20(4): 1114-1117, 2018 02 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29397753

RESUMO

An efficient synthesis of a selective estrogen receptor degrader, GDC-0810, bearing a challenging stereodefined (E)-tetrasubstituted all-carbon olefin core, is reported. The described synthetic route involves a highly diastereoselective addition of an arylmagnesium reagent 3a to ketone 4, yielding the key tertiary alcohol 2a in >99:1 dr. The corresponding tert-butyl carbonate derivative was identified among other leaving groups to provide the desired olefin geometry in a 98:2 E/Z ratio via a concerted elimination. A four-step telescoped process was then developed starting from the tertiary alcohol 2a to produce GDC-0810 API as a pyrrolidine salt in 70% yield.


Assuntos
Receptores Estrogênicos/antagonistas & inibidores , Álcoois , Alcenos , Cetonas , Estrutura Molecular , Estereoisomerismo
6.
Org Lett ; 20(4): 1252-1255, 2018 02 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29406723

RESUMO

An expedient two-step synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrrolopyrazinones has been achieved via a Vilsmeier-Haack reaction of ketones, followed by an annulation of the corresponding chloroaldehydes with commercially available piperazin-2-ones. A variety of cyclic and acyclic ketones and piperazin-2-ones participated in this two-step chemistry, affording the desired 3,4-dihydropyrrolopyrazinones in up to 78% yield.

7.
Org Lett ; 19(22): 6212-6215, 2017 11 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29115843

RESUMO

An efficient synthesis of stereodefined tetrasubstituted acyclic all-carbon olefins has been developed via a bis(2,6-xylyl)phosphate formation of stereoenriched tertiary alcohols, followed by in situ syn-elimination of the corresponding phosphates under mild conditions. This chemistry tolerates a wide variety of electronically and sterically diverse substrates and generates the desired tetrasubstituted olefins in high yields and stereoselectivities (>95:5) in most cases. This stereocontrolled olefin synthesis has been applied to the synthesis of anticancer drug tamoxifen in three steps from commercially available 1,2-diphenylbutan-1-one in 97:3 stereoselectivity and 78% overall yield.

8.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(31): 10777-10783, 2017 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28715208

RESUMO

A highly stereocontrolled synthesis of tetrasubstituted acyclic all-carbon olefins has been developed via a stereoselective enolization and tosylate formation, followed by a palladium-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling of the tosylates and pinacol boronic esters in the presence of a Pd(OAc)2/RuPhos catalytic system. Both the enol tosylation and Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reactions tolerate an array of electronically and sterically diverse substituents and generate high yield and stereoselectivity of the olefin products. Judicious choice of substrate and coupling partner provides access to either the E- or Z-olefin with excellent yield and stereochemical fidelity. Olefin isomerization was observed during the Suzuki-Miyaura coupling. However, under the optimized cross-coupling reaction conditions, the isomerization was suppressed to <5% in most cases. Mechanistic probes indicate that the olefin isomerization occurs via an intermediate, possibly a zwitterionic palladium carbenoid species.


Assuntos
Alcenos/química , Carbono/química , Estereoisomerismo , Paládio/química
9.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 7(6): 590-4, 2016 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27326332

RESUMO

BMS-711939 (3) is a potent and selective peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) α agonist, with an EC50 of 4 nM for human PPARα and >1000-fold selectivity vs human PPARγ (EC50 = 4.5 µM) and PPARδ (EC50 > 100 µM) in PPAR-GAL4 transactivation assays. Compound 3 also demonstrated excellent in vivo efficacy and safety profiles in preclinical studies and thus was chosen for further preclinical evaluation. The synthesis, structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies, and in vivo pharmacology of 3 in preclinical animal models as well as its ADME profile are described.

10.
Org Lett ; 17(14): 3564-7, 2015 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26132641

RESUMO

An expedient single-step synthesis of 5,6,7,8-tetrahydroindolizines has been achieved via the annulation of commercially available 2-formylpiperidine hydrochloride and 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds in THF in the presence of pyrrolidine and 4 Å molecular sieves. A variety of ß-ketoesters, ketones, and amides participated in this annulation chemistry, affording the desired 5,6,7,8-tetrahydroindolizines in moderate to good yields.


Assuntos
Indolizinas/química , Indolizinas/síntese química , Cetonas/química , Piperidinas/química , Catálise , Estrutura Molecular
11.
Org Lett ; 16(9): 2522-5, 2014 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24746285

RESUMO

An efficient one-pot synthesis of 4-substituted 3-amino-2-cyanothiophenes is described. Treatment of 2-alkyl or aryl substituted acetonitrile sequentially with 2.1 equiv of LDA, 1.1 equiv of O-ethyl thioformate, and 1.2 equiv of 2-chloroacetonitrile afforded the thiophenes in moderate to good yields. The thiophene core can be readily incorporated into more elaborate pharmaceutically relevant structures as demonstrated by converting 3-amino-2-cyano-4-phenylthiophene (1g) to various functionalized thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidines in only two steps.


Assuntos
Formiatos/química , Nitrilos/síntese química , Tiofenos/síntese química , Estrutura Molecular , Nitrilos/química , Tiofenos/química
12.
J Med Chem ; 53(7): 2854-64, 2010 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20218621

RESUMO

An 1,3-oxybenzylglycine based compound 2 (BMS-687453) was discovered to be a potent and selective peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) alpha agonist, with an EC(50) of 10 nM for human PPARalpha and approximately 410-fold selectivity vs human PPARgamma in PPAR-GAL4 transactivation assays. Similar potencies and selectivity were also observed in the full length receptor co-transfection assays. Compound 2 has negligible cross-reactivity against a panel of human nuclear hormone receptors including PPARdelta. Compound 2 demonstrated an excellent pharmacological and safety profile in preclinical studies and thus was chosen as a development candidate for the treatment of atherosclerosis and dyslipidemia. The X-ray cocrystal structures of the early lead compound 12 and compound 2 in complex with PPARalpha ligand binding domain (LBD) were determined. The role of the crystal structure of compound 12 with PPARalpha in the development of the SAR that ultimately resulted in the discovery of compound 2 is discussed.


Assuntos
Descoberta de Drogas , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Oxazóis/química , Oxazóis/farmacologia , PPAR alfa/agonistas , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Cricetinae , Cristalografia por Raios X , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Glicina/síntese química , Glicina/química , Glicina/farmacologia , Glicina/toxicidade , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Oxazóis/síntese química , Oxazóis/toxicidade , PPAR alfa/química , PPAR alfa/genética , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Especificidade por Substrato , Ativação Transcricional/efeitos dos fármacos
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