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1.
J Evid Based Dent Pract ; 21(2): 101542, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391554

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Reporting of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in dentistry remains suboptimal. Considering the positive impact of the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guidelines on the quality of evidence in RCTs, the main objective of this systematic review was to determine whether RCTs on dental caries prevention conform to these guidelines. The secondary objective was to assess the association between CONSORT adherence and the year and impact factor of the journal in which the study was published. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in different databases using appropriate terms to retrieve RCTs that assessed the caries-preventive effect of at least 2 of the following materials-fluoride varnish, resin-based fissure sealants, and ionomer-based fissure sealants-on the occlusal surfaces of permanent molars. Since the first CONSORT statement was published in 1996, a time frame from 1997 to 2020 was established for the identification of studies. Selected articles were assessed according to their adherence to the CONSORT statement, risk of bias (Cochrane risk of bias tool, RoB 2.0), and journal impact factor based on the InCites Journal Citation Reports. The year of publication and other relevant data were also recorded. SPSS (SPSS Statistics 25.0, IBM©) was used to perform the linear correlation analyses to determine the relationship between the article CONSORT score (previously determined) and the year of publication and journal impact factor. A significance level of 5% was established for all analyses. RESULTS: Of 3196 references retrieved, 30 articles were selected and evaluated. Using RoB 2.0, 8 studies were classified as having a high risk of bias, 16 as having some concerns about the risk of bias assessment, and 6 as having a low risk of bias. Concerning CONSORT adherence, 77% of the studies adequately reported the intervention domain, since the methodology for the application of fluoride varnish or sealant materials was thoroughly described. However, the participants' setting and location, random sequence generation, randomization, and the flowchart description of the losses/exclusions domains were poorly reported. Meanwhile, the allocation concealment process was not reported in 83% of the articles. Correlation analyses indicated a positive relationship between CONSORT adherence and the year of publication, as well as the journal impact factor. CONCLUSION: When assessing clinical trials on the prevention of occlusal caries, most RCTs examined followed the CONSORT statement. However, some methodological domains remain poorly reported, demonstrating the need to improve CONSORT compliance in these RCTs.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Fluoretos , Humanos , Dente Molar , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
2.
Clin Oral Investig ; 25(10): 5929-5944, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34115201

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this in situ study was to evaluate different dentifrices on enamel after bleaching under normal and hyposalivatory conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four participants were assigned of which 12 had normal and 12 had low salivary flow. The study was conducted in 6 in situ experimental phases of 24 h duration: placebo, NaF, SnF2, F/Sn/Chitosan, F/Arginine, and F/Bioactive Glass. The specimens were previously bleached in vitro. Microhardness (SMH), roughness (Ra), and color analyses (CIELAB and ΔE00) were performed at baseline (T1), after bleaching (T2) and after in situ phase (T3). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the elemental levels (wt%) of Ca, P, and Na and the proportion between Ca and P were determined using an energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS) in T3. The SMH and Ra were analyzed by mixed models for repeated measures and Tukey Kramer. The color and Na% were analyzed by split-plot ANOVA and Tukey test. The EDS were analyzed by Mann's Whitney nonparametric, Friedman, and Nemenyi tests (p<0.05). RESULTS: The dentifrices placebo and NaF in the low flow presented lower SMH and higher Ra in T3 and lower Ca% compared to the same dentifrices in normal flow. For normal flow, SnF2 resulted in greater SMH. For low flow, SnF2, F/Sn/Chitosan, and F/Bioactive Glass resulted in higher SMH in T3 and did not differ from T1. F/Bioactive Glass showed lower Ra among the dentifrices evaluated for both salivary flows, whereas SnF2 showed the highest. F/Bioactive Glass showed a statistically significant difference from placebo for Ca%, P%, Na%. For ΔE*ab and ΔE00 (T1×T3), no differences were found for the dentifrices and salivary flows. CONCLUSION: The low salivary flow had less capacity for remineralization of bleached enamel compared to normal flow. Overall, the dentifrice with bioactive glass had the best performance in bleached enamel under low and normal salivary flow condition. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: It is recommended to use a bioactive glass-based dentifrice after bleaching to promote tooth enamel recovery for patients with or without impaired salivary flow.


Assuntos
Dentifrícios , Clareamento Dental , Xerostomia , Esmalte Dentário , Dentifrícios/farmacologia , Fluoretos/farmacologia , Humanos , Remineralização Dentária
3.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34117564

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of adding chitosan to 35% hydrogen peroxide gels (for in-office bleaching), with or without calcium gluconate, on tooth properties and bleaching efficacy. METHODS: Bovine enamel/dentin specimens (4 × 4 × 2.5 mm) were randomly allocated into groups (n = 10): negative control (unbleached), bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide gel (35% HP, commercial gel); 35% HP with 2% chitosan (% wt) (35% HP + chitosan), 35% HP and calcium (35% HP + Ca, commercial gel), and 35% HP + Ca + 2% chitosan. Variation of surface profile (ΔRa) and color analyses (ΔL*, Δa*, Δb*, ΔE*ab, ΔE00, and ΔWID) were performed comparing specimens at baseline (initial) and 24 h after of storage in artificial saliva (final). Surface microhardness (KHN) values and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images were obtained on conclusion. The data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's tests (KHN), generalized linear models (ΔL*, ΔEab, ΔE00, ΔWID, ΔRa), and Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (Δa*, Δb*) (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Considering ΔL*, Δa*, Δb*, ΔE*ab, ΔE00, and ΔWID values, the bleached groups differed from negative control. For ΔRa, chitosan-based groups showed lower variation in surface roughness compared to 35% HP, without significant difference from negative control. For KHN, chitosan groups did not differ from negative control (unbleached control = chitosan groups > 35% HP + Ca > 35% HP). For SEM, slight surface changes were observed in all bleached groups, but the intensity varied according to gel used (35% HP > gels with Ca > gels with chitosan). CONCLUSION: Chitosan-enriched hydrogen peroxide gels can reduce negative impacts on tooth properties without affecting bleaching efficacy. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Although commercial gels containing remineralizing agents such as calcium reduce the negative effects on the properties of teeth, the addition of chitosan appears to be a promising approach to preservation of dental properties without interfering in bleaching efficacy.

4.
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 69: e2021009, 2021. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1250647

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Multiple clinical specialties are usually needed for a successful long-term treatment in buccal cavity. The aim of this article is to report a clinical case of multi-disciplinary rehabilitation of fracture upper incisors without pulp exposure, concerning about endodontics, periodontics and restorative dentistry comments or procedures. A case of a patient reporting trauma that resulted in fracture and substantial loss of hard tissue, in mesial angle of both upper central incisors (11 and 21). In palatal side, fracture extended beyond cingulum up to subgingival region. Periodontal surgery was performed in order to reestablish biological space. Clinical and radiographic assessments demonstrated no need for endodontic treatment, since pulp was vital and non-altered. Preparations for restorative procedures were minimally invasive, followed by composite direct. A three-year follow-up was performed, consisting in re-assessment of clinical and radiographic aspects, re-polishing of the restorations and photographic documentation. No pulp tissue alteration was observed after the follow-up period. Restorative procedures, adjacent tissues and pulp vitality were considered adequate, and the patient was satisfied with the treatment.


RESUMO O objetivo deste artigo é relatar um caso clínico de reabilitação de incisivos superiores fraturados sem exposição pulpar, com considerações na área de endodontia, periodontia e dentística restauradora. O caso relata um trauma que resultou em perda substancial de tecido dentário em ângulo mesial de ambos os incisivos centrais superiores. Na parede palatina, a fratura se estendeu além do cíngulo até a região subgengival. A cirurgia periodontal foi realizada para restabelecer o espaço biológico. As avaliações clínicas e radiográficas não demonstraram necessidade de tratamento endodôntico, pois a polpa se apresentava vital e sem alterações. Os procedimentos restauradores foram minimamente invasivos através da realização de restauração direta com resina composta. Foi realizado acompanhamento de três anos, consistindo em reavaliação dos aspectos clínicos e radiográficos, polimento das restaurações e documentação fotográfica. Nenhuma alteração do tecido pulpar foi observada após o período de acompanhamento. Os procedimentos restauradores, tecidos adjacentes e vitalidade pulpar foram considerados adequados e a paciente demonstrou satisfação com o tratamento.

5.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20190755, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609186

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To clinically assess the effect of desensitizing gels and dentifrices on the reduction in pain sensitivity and color variation during tooth bleaching. METHODOLOGY: A total of 108 volunteers were randomly separated into the following groups of n=12: GT/S-glycerine and thickener/sucralose; NF/S-potassium nitrate and sodium fluoride/sucralose; NA/S-potassium nitrate and arginine/sucralose; GT/AC-glycerine and thickener/arginine and calcium carbonate; NF/AC-potassium nitrate and sodium fluoride/arginine and calcium carbonate; NA/AC-potassium nitrate and arginine/arginine and calcium carbonate; GT/PN-glycerine and thickener/potassium nitrate; NF/PN-potassium nitrate and sodium fluoride/potassium nitrate; and NA/PN-potassium nitrate and arginine/potassium nitrate. Sensitivity was assessed with the numerical analogue scale, and color variation (ΔE) was measured with a spectrophotometer. The sensitivity values obtained were subjected to a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and color variation values were subjected to a randomized analysis of variance (p<0.05). RESULTS: The NF/AC, NA/AC, NF/PN, and NA/PN groups presented lower sensitivity values and reduced sensitivity compared to those of the other groups throughout the clinical sessions. None of the groups showed sensitivity at the 24-week assessment. Statistically, no significant difference were observed in the color values among the groups four weeks after the beginning of bleaching (p=0.074). Additionally, the color assessment of all groups was statistically similar four weeks (p=0.084) and 24 weeks (p=0.118) after the beginning. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that adding NF/S, NA/S, NF/AC, and NA/AC desensitizers to tooth bleaching protocols reduces pain sensitivity without affecting its effectiveness.


Assuntos
Dessensibilizantes Dentinários , Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Seguimentos , Humanos , Dor , Compostos de Potássio , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 12(2): e116-e122, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071692

RESUMO

Background: Commercial bleaching gels with remineralizing agents were developed to reduce the adverse effects of dental bleaching. The present study evaluated the effects on teeth of in-office bleaching gels containing 35-40% hydrogen peroxide (HP) with Calcium (Ca) or Fluoride (F). Material and Methods: Bovine enamel/dentin blocks (4x4x2.5 mm) were randomly divided into the following groups (n=12): no treatment (control); 35% HP (Whiteness HP, FGM); 35% HP with Ca (Whiteness HP Blue, FGM); 40% HP with F (Opalescence Boost, Ultradent). The specimens were analyzed for color (ΔL*, Δa*, Δb*, and ΔE), roughness (Ra), and Knoop microhardness (KHN). The color and KHN data were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey's test, while Ra values were analyzed using mixed models for repeated measures and Tukey-Kramer's test (α=0.05). Results: The bleached groups did not exhibit statistical differences among them for color. For roughness, 35% HP provided a slight increase of Ra, which was statistically different from the control. For microhardness, 35% HP and 40% HP with F presented KHN values that were statistically lower from the control, while the 35% HP with Ca did not statistically differ from the control. Conclusions: The presence of Ca or F in bleaching gels did not interfere with bleaching efficacy. However, only the enamel exposed to the bleaching gel containing Ca obtained microhardness values similar to unbleached enamel. Key words:Hydrogen peroxide, tooth bleaching, tooth bleaching agents, laboratory research.

7.
J Dent ; 92: 103247, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743693

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Chitosan (Ch) in F/Sn-toothpastes can increase toothpastes' anti-erosive efficacy. Whether efficacy can be further increased by changing chitosan's viscosity was study aim. METHODS: 192 human enamel specimens were assigned to 2 × 6 groups (n = 16 each): Four F/Sn (500 ppm F-, 800 ppm Sn2+) toothpastes with chitosan (0.5 %, viscosity 50, 500, 1000 or 2000 mPas), negative-control (no F/Sn/chitosan), positive-control (F/Sn, no chitosan). The study was conducted in two experiments (E1/E2). Specimens were cyclically demineralised (10 d, 6 × 2 min/d; 0.5 % citric acid); half of groups (E1) was exposed to toothpaste slurries (2 × 2 min/d), the other half was additionally brushed (2 × 15 s/d, E2). Tissue loss (mean ±â€¯SD, µm) was quantified profilometrically. Element analysis (EDX, wt%) on specimen surfaces and on toothpastes' particulate fraction and SEM analysis of specimen surfaces were performed. RESULTS: Tissue loss in negative-controls (E1/E2) was 4.96 ±â€¯1.55/12.76 ±â€¯2.45. Toothpastes with active agents (AA) reduced tissue loss compared to negative-control (p < 0.0001). E1: All AA caused precipitates, being the thickest after Ch500. Chitosan increased carbon retention, not tin retention. E2: Only Ch1000 increased efficacy (-0.97 ±â€¯4.48) compared to positive-control (2.98 ±â€¯1.32; p = 0.05). EDX showed comparable carbon values in all AA; tin content was higher in Ch1000 (6.5 ±â€¯3.4) compared to other AA (range: 3.8 ±â€¯0.3-4.3 ±â€¯1.3). On abrasives, tin adsorption was decreased by all chitosans. SEM revealed minor structural differences. CONCLUSIONS: Chitosan viscosity has impact on efficacy of F/Sn toothpastes. Under erosive/abrasive conditions Ch1000 showed the best protective effect with higher tin retention on surfaces and lower tin absorption by abrasives. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The biopolymer chitosan shows protective effect against enamel erosion and erosion/abrasion when used in an F/Sn toothpaste with specific viscosity.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Abrasão Dentária , Erosão Dentária , Esmalte Dentário , Humanos , Fluoreto de Sódio , Fluoretos de Estanho , Escovação Dentária , Cremes Dentais , Viscosidade
8.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(8): 2701-2711, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797171

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of bioadhesive polymer, Aristoflex® AVC, on enamel physical and chemical properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bovine enamel blocks were divided into CP 10% with carbopol-Whiteness Perfect® (WP-FGM), CP 10% with Aristoflex (A + CP 10%), CP 10% with carbopol (C + CP 10%), Aristoflex (A), carbopol (C), carbamide peroxide 10% (CP 10%) and control (no treatment). The treatment was performed for 4 h during 14 days. The colour (ΔE, ΔL*, Δa* and Δb*), profilometry (Ra) and surface microhardness (KHN) were performed before and after the bleaching treatment. The concentrations of Ca and P were performed on the 1st, 3rd, 7th and 14th days by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry for the groups WP, A + CP 10%, C + CP 10%, A, C and CP 10% (control without thickener) and the morphology by scanning electron microscopy. RESULTS: All groups with CP 10%, regardless of polymer, differing statistically to ΔE, ΔL*, Δa* and Δb* compared to control group. The group A + CP 10% maintained low values of roughness and microhardness after bleaching. Higher concentration of Ca and P was found in the 1st day of treatment for the WP group compared to the groups A + CP 10% and C + CP 10%. CONCLUSION: The 10% CP associated with the bioadhesive polymer Aristoflex® AVC was effective on the bleaching treatment without changing the physical properties of the dental enamel. Also, this experimental gel caused less mineral loss than the group CP 10% with carbopol (WP-FGM). CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Because the change of Carbopol by Aristoflex, a bioadhesive polymer, does not interfere with the effectiveness of bleaching treatment, it is a promising agent associated to carbamide to maintain the physical properties of enamel after bleaching.


Assuntos
Esmalte Dentário , Compostos de Amônio , Animais , Bovinos , Dureza , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Peróxidos , Clareamento Dental , Ureia
9.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 19: e207508, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1116543

RESUMO

Aim: Glass fiber posts are indicated in the rehabilitation of extensively damaged teeth; their cementation represents a critical step in restorative dentistry. The aim of this study was to quantify and compare the push-out bond strength of glass fiber posts cemented by conventional technique, two-step technique with luting agent and two-step technique associating bulk-fill composite and luting agent. Methods: Eighty maxillary bovine incisors were endodontically treated and divided into eight groups (n = 10) according to the luting agent (Rely X ARC and Duo-link) and cementation technique (conventional technique; two-step technique with luting agent; and two-step technique associating bulk-fill composite ­ Filtek Bulk-fill flow or Surefil SDR flow ­ and luting agent). Samples were submitted to pushout bond strength test, and the fracture pattern was evaluated through scanning electron microscope. Data were submitted to two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). Results: When Rely X ARC was used, the conventional cementation technique obtained higher bond strength values than the twostep technique associated with Filtek Bulk-fill flow. When Duolink was used, the two-step technique associated with Filtek Bulk-fill flow presented higher bond strength values than the conventional technique. The most prevalent fracture patterns were adhesive between luting agent and dentin, and adhesive between bulk-fill composite and dentin. Conclusion: Two-step cementation technique associated with bulk-fill composite may be promising depending on the luting agent used


Assuntos
Cimentação/métodos , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários
10.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(3): 1-8, 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1117327

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the surface microhardness and morphology, as well as the microshear bond strength of a self-etching adhesive (Clearfil SE, Kuraray) to eroded dentin, exposed or not to cigarette smoke. Forty dental crowns were divided into 4 groups (n = 10): no treatment (control) (C); erosion (E); erosion + cigarette smoke exposure (ES); cigarette smoke exposure (S). Samples were prepared through third molars polishing until dentin exposure, followed by crown section. Erosive cycles were performed 5 times/day for 30 s at 60 min intervals. Cigarette smoke was produced with twenty cigarettes/day, during 5 days. Microhardness was evaluated initially and after the treatments. Microshear bond strength was tested after the treatments and dentin restoration with flow composite. Failure patterns and dentin morphology was evaluated by Scanning Electron Microscopy. Microshear bond strength data was submitted to two-way ANOVA, microharness test was adjusted by gamma distribution to be a non-parametric analyses (p=0.05), and surface morphology as qualitative analyses. Loss percentage of microhardness was observed only in groups submitted to erosion. Bond strength was statistically similar between all groups. The most prevalent failure pattern was of adhesive type. Morphological analysis of dentin showed obliterated tubules in groups submitted to cigarette smoke exposure. Cigarette smoke exposure did not promote any effect in the percentage of microhardness loss, as in sound dentin as in eroded dentin. Cigarette smoke, erosion, and association of both, did not alter the bond strength of self-etching adhesives to dentin. (AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a microdureza (% perda de dureza) e morfologia de superfície (MS), assim como a resistência de união (RU) de um adesivo autocondicionante (Clearfil SE, Kuraray) à uma dentina erodida, exposta ou não à fumaça de cigarro. Material e Métodos: Quarenta coroas dentais de terceiros molares foram seccionadas da raiz e polidas até a exposição dentinária, sendo aleatoriamente divididas em 4 grupos (n=10): sem tratamento (controle), erosão (E), erosão+ exposição a fumaça de cigarro (ES); exposição a fumaça de cigarro (S).O ciclo erosivo foi realizado 5 vezes/dia por 30s, com 60 minutos de intervalo entre eles. Os grupos ES e S foram exposto à fumaça de cigarro produzida por 20 cigarros/dia, durante 5 dias. A avaliação da microdureza foi realizada antes e após os tratamentos, enquanto a resistência da união por microcisalhamento foi realizada após os tratamentos Os padrões de fratura representativos e a MS dentinária foram avaliados por microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV). Os dados de RU foram analisados por ANOVA dois fatores, enquanto a análise de microdureza foi ajustada por distribuição gama por ser uma análise não-paramétrica (p=0.05). A MS foi analisada qualitativamente. Resultados: Os grupos expostos aos ciclos erosivos (E e ES) apresentaram % de perda de dureza significativamente menor que os grupos não expostos (Controle e S. aos ciclos erosivos (E e ES). Para RU, não houve diferença estatística significativa entre os grupos. O padrão de fratura mais observado foi do tipo adesivo, e através das imagens obtidas por MEV, observou-se a obliteração de túbulos dentinários no grupo exposto à fumaça de cigarro, enquanto os grupos submetidos aos ciclos erosivos (E e ES) apresentaram maior exposição e diâmetro de túbulos dentinários. Conclusão: A exposição à fumaça de cigarro não promove nenhum efeito quanto a perda de porcentagem de dureza dentinária, assim como em dentina erodida e saudável. A fumaça de cigarro, o processo erosivo, e a associação de ambos, não altera a resistência da união de adesivos autocondicionantes à dentina. (AU)


Assuntos
Resistência à Tração , Erosão Dentária , Coroas , Cimentos Dentários , Produtos do Tabaco
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190755, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1134785

RESUMO

Abstract Objective To clinically assess the effect of desensitizing gels and dentifrices on the reduction in pain sensitivity and color variation during tooth bleaching. Methodology A total of 108 volunteers were randomly separated into the following groups of n=12: GT/S-glycerine and thickener/sucralose; NF/S-potassium nitrate and sodium fluoride/sucralose; NA/S-potassium nitrate and arginine/sucralose; GT/AC-glycerine and thickener/arginine and calcium carbonate; NF/AC-potassium nitrate and sodium fluoride/arginine and calcium carbonate; NA/AC-potassium nitrate and arginine/arginine and calcium carbonate; GT/PN-glycerine and thickener/potassium nitrate; NF/PN-potassium nitrate and sodium fluoride/potassium nitrate; and NA/PN-potassium nitrate and arginine/potassium nitrate. Sensitivity was assessed with the numerical analogue scale, and color variation (ΔE) was measured with a spectrophotometer. The sensitivity values obtained were subjected to a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and color variation values were subjected to a randomized analysis of variance (p<0.05). Results The NF/AC, NA/AC, NF/PN, and NA/PN groups presented lower sensitivity values and reduced sensitivity compared to those of the other groups throughout the clinical sessions. None of the groups showed sensitivity at the 24-week assessment. Statistically, no significant difference were observed in the color values among the groups four weeks after the beginning of bleaching (p=0.074). Additionally, the color assessment of all groups was statistically similar four weeks (p=0.084) and 24 weeks (p=0.118) after the beginning. Conclusion Our results indicate that adding NF/S, NA/S, NF/AC, and NA/AC desensitizers to tooth bleaching protocols reduces pain sensitivity without affecting its effectiveness.

12.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e114, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800865

RESUMO

This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the effect of different toothpastes on dental enamel subjected to an erosive cycle with and without exposure to cigarette smoke. Bovine enamel specimens were randomly allocated into 12 groups (n = 12). For the in vitro simulation of smoking, half the groups underwent an exposure cycle of 20 cigarettes per day for 5 days. Subsequently, all groups were subjected to a 5-day erosion cycle intercalating demineralization (1 min; 1% citric acid; pH = 3.5) and treatment with toothpaste slurries (2 min) of NaF, SnF2, F/Sn/Chitosan, F/CaSiO3/Na3PO4, and F/bioactive glass. The control group was immersed in distilled water. Surface microhardness (SMH) was measured initially, after exposure to smoke, and after the erosive cycle, and %SMH was calculated. At the end of the experimental cycle, surface roughness, profilometry, and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were performed. SMH increased after exposure to cigarette smoke (p < 0.05). After the erosive cycle, there were no differences between the presence and absence of cigarette smoke exposure in SMH and roughness (p > 0.05). Besides increasing enamel SMH, cigarette smoke did not prevent enamel loss after the erosion cycle (p < 0.05). In profilometry, roughness and surface loss had the lowest values in the groups treated with SnF2 and F/Sn/Chitosan (p < 0.05). AFM showed lower mineral loss with F/CaSiO3/Na3PO4 and F/Sn/Chitosan. For all groups, except F/CaSiO3/Na3PO4, cigarette smoke resulted in higher enamel wear. F/Sn/Chitosan showed the best results against erosion.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros/efeitos adversos , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Erosão Dentária/prevenção & controle , Cremes Dentais/uso terapêutico , Animais , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Cariostáticos/uso terapêutico , Bovinos , Quitosana/uso terapêutico , Testes de Dureza , Humanos , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Saliva/química , Silicatos/uso terapêutico , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo , Fluoretos de Estanho/uso terapêutico , Desmineralização do Dente/induzido quimicamente , Desmineralização do Dente/prevenção & controle , Água/química
13.
Eur J Dent ; 13(2): 199-205, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476775

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of dentin pretreatment with 8% arginine on the immediate and 6-month bond strength (BS) of adhesive systems and surface morphology of dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dentin bovine specimens (5 × 5 mm) were allocated into following pretreatments: without pretreatment (conventional technique, C) or exposure to arginine solution (A) for 5 minutes prior to tooth restoration. The adhesive procedure was performed using (n = 12): 3-step etch-and-rinse adhesive (Scotchbond Multipurpose-SBMP [C+SBMP and A+SBMP]); 2-step etch-and-rinse adhesive (Single Bond 2 - SB [C+SB and A+SB]); or 2-step self-etch adhesive (Clearfil SE Bond - CSEB [C+CSEB and A+CSEB]). After 24 hours, the composite resin restorations were evaluated immediately and after 6 months of water storage using a microshear test and fracture pattern. The dentin surface exposed to A was assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The immediate BS data were submitted to a two-way analysis of variance and Tukey's test, and the long-term BS results were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: There was a significant decrease in immediate and 6-month BS for the A+SB and A+CSEB groups, which differed statistically from the C group. The fracture pattern was predominantly adhesive for SB and CSEB adhesive for C and A. The SEM images presented a different conditioning pattern of the dentin exposed to A. CONCLUSION: The dentin pretreatment with arginine interfered negatively in the immediate and long-term BS of the simplified adhesive system. However, the SBMP adhesive was not affected by arginine pretreatment presenting the most satisfactory results.

14.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dent ; 11: 219-226, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31534372

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this study was to clinically evaluate the influence of desensitizing dentifrices applied through a plastic tray on reducing the pain sensitivity and color variation caused by in-office dental whitening and to evaluate differences among such dentifrices through a controlled double-blind clinical study. Materials and methods: A prospective study was conducted with 48 individuals between 18 and 30 years without gender distinction. For the dental whitening, 35% hydrogen peroxide was used in three clinical sessions. After each whitening session, the volunteers used a plastic tray containing one of the dentifrices (sucralose- S, sodium fluoride - SF, arginine and calcium carbonate - ACC, and 5% potassium nitrate - PN) for 4 hrs during the night. The evaluation of the sensitivity associated with the use of the plastic tray in each whitening session was performed using the analog numerical scale with scores from 0 to 10. The color variation (ΔE) was determined with a spectrophotometer. The pain sensitivity data were submitted to the multivariate analysis of variance with repeated measurements and a Lambda Wilks test (p<0.05). To analyze the color variation, a one-way ANOVA was applied (p<0.05). Results: The ACC and 5% NP groups showed a reduction in sensitivity in relation to the other groups (p<0.05). There was a reduction in sensitivity after placement of the tray with dentifrice. The color evaluation associated with the dentifrice showed no difference (p=0.9186). Conclusion: The use of desensitizing dentifrices with ACC or 5% NP in a plastic tray was effective for the reduction of pain sensitivity, and the use of a desensitizing dentifrice did not decrease the effectiveness of whitening.

15.
J Adhes Dent ; 21(3): 255-264, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165105

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the bond strength (BS), nanoleakage, and marginal adaptation (MA) of three bulk-fill and one conventional composite, submitted or not to mechanical and thermal cycling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-six molars were selected and 4-mm-deep class I cavities were prepared and restored. Half of the teeth were submitted to mechanical and thermal cycling (MTC). Teeth were divided into 8 groups (n = 12), according to the composite used - Filtek Z350 XT (Z350), Tetric N-Ceram Bulk Fill (TET), Filtek Bulk Fill Posterior Restorative (FBF) and SonicFill (SF) - and aging, submitted or not to MTC. Fifty-six teeth (n = 7) were used for bond-strength testing, which was performed on stick-shaped specimens obtained from the restored area. Two sticks per tooth were selected to assess nanoleakage. For MA analysis, 40 teeth (n = 5) were sectioned parallel and perpendicular to the occlusal surface and resin-based replicas from the obtained surfaces were prepared. Fracture pattern, nanoleakage, and MA were evaluated using SEM. Quantitative analysis of nanoleakage and MA were performed with ImageJ software. Data obtained were submitted to two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (ɑ = 0.05). RESULTS: TET presented good MA and higher values of BS when compared to SF. Z350 and FBF presented poorer MA and lower BS, which was statically similar to the other groups. SF obtained the best MA values. Regarding nanoleakage, the highest values were obtained for TET, which differed significantly from the other groups, which presented similar results among themselves. Aging by MTC solely affected MA. CONCLUSION: Bulk-fill composites presented similar performance to the conventional nanocomposite and remained stable when aged.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Teste de Materiais
16.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 21(1)30/04/2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-995924

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the surface roughness of a silorane and methacrylate-based composite resins subjected to different finishing/polishing techniques. Twelve disk specimens were prepared from each composite resin: P90®, Z350® and Charisma, divided into 12 groups according to the finishing/polishing technique: no finishing/polishing (control); finishing with 1112 FF diamond burs; finishing with 1112 FF diamond burs associated to Enhance/Pogo; finishing with 1112 FF diamond burs associated to Enhance/Pogo/Polishing/Poli I and II pastes/Fotogloss. After initial readouts of surface roughness, the specimens were subjected to mechanical cycling (1.200.000 cycles) and immediately subjected to final roughness readouts. Surface roughness means was statistically analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey-Kramer test (α=0.05). SEM images were realized after finishing/polishing and after mechanical cycling. The P90 composite showed surface roughness values similar to other investigated composites. However, significant difference was observed in finishing/polishing techniques. The diamond burs group showed the highest surface roughness differing from the other composite resins (α < 0.05). Enance/Pogo showed the lowest results, which presented no difference compared to the polishing paste group (α > 0.05). The low-shrink posterior restorative showed similar surface roughness when compared to dimethacrylate composite resins and suitable to posterior restorations. (AU).


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a rugosidade superficial de resinas compostas à base silorano e metacrilato submetidas a diferentes técnicas de acabamento/polimento. Foram preparadas 12 amostras de disco de cada resina composta: P90®, Z350® e Carisma, divididas em 12 grupos de acordo com a técnica de acabamento / polimento: sem acabamento / polimento (controle); acabamento com ponta diamantada 1112 FF; acabamento com ponta diamantada 1112 FF associada a Enhance / Pogo; acabamento com ponta diamantada 1112 FF associada a Enhance / Pogo / Polishing / Pastas Poli I e II / Fotogloss. Após as leituras iniciais da rugosidade da superfície, os espécimes foram submetidos a ciclos mecânicos (1.200.000 ciclos) e submetidos imediatamente a leituras de rugosidade final. As medias de rugosidade superfícial foram analisadas estatisticamente por ANOVA e teste de Tukey-Kramer (α = 0,05). As imagens de MEV foram realizadas após o acabamento / polimento e após a ciclagem mecânica. O compósito P90 mostrou valores de rugosidade superficial semelhantes a outros compósitos investigados. Tough, mostrou diferença significativa nas técnicas de acabamento / polimento. O grupo de pontas damantadas apresentou maior rugosidade superficial que diferiu das outras resinas compostas (α <0,05). Enance / Pogo mostrou os menores resultados, que não apresentaram diferença em relação ao grupo de pasta de polimento (α> 0,05). O material restaurador posterior de baixa contração apresentou rugosidade superficial semelhante quando comparado as resinas compostas de dimetacrilato e são restaurações adequadas para região posterior. (AU).

17.
Clin Oral Investig ; 23(5): 2187-2198, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30280326

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of 10% carbamide peroxide (CP) with two different thickeners, carbopol (CPc) and natrosol (CPn), on color variation (CV), tooth sensitivity (TS), and cytotoxicity (CC). METHODS: Seventy subjects were distributed into the CPc or CPn groups (n = 35), in a parallel group, randomized, controlled, single-blind clinical trial. Bleaching gels were used by volunteers for 4 h daily for 2 weeks. Color evaluation was performed using a reflectance spectrophotometer, before bleaching treatment (BT), immediately after the first and second weeks of BT, and 1 week and 1 month after BT ended. TS was evaluated using two pain scales, before, during, and after BT. CC was evaluated using MTT after exposure of MDPC-23 cells to the bleaching gels for 4 h. Epoxy replicas of the subjects teeth were made before and after BT and analyzed using a scanning electronic microscope. The data was analyzed using statistical methods. RESULTS: CV and TS showed similar variation between both bleaching gels (p ≤ 0.05). None of the protocols affected cellular metabolism or the surface morphology of enamel. CONCLUSIONS: Bleaching gels with carbopol and natrosol as thickening agents produced similarly effective tooth bleaching and TS, but did not cause cytotoxicity. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Natrosol could be an alternative as a thickener used in bleaching gels due to its similar bleaching effect and TS when compared with Carbopol.


Assuntos
Resinas Acrílicas/química , Peróxido de Carbamida/química , Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários/química , Clareamento Dental , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Cor , Feminino , Géis , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Peróxidos , Método Simples-Cego , Adulto Jovem
18.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 18: e191663, jan.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1095340

RESUMO

Color changes may interfere with smile balance and they represent a clinical challenge to dentists. Dental fluorosis originates from intrinsic factors and it is a disorder of enamel formation during the phase of teeth development, resulting in the change of enamel color. This clinical case report aimed to present the resolution of a case of dental fluorosis through the association of minimally invasive techniques, namely microabrasion and tooth bleaching. A 27-year-old male patient sought the dental clinic of the School of Dentistry of Piracicaba (FOP - UNICAMP, Brazil) presenting striped and symmetrical white stains and generalized chromogenic biofilm. After anamnesis and clinical examination, the patient was diagnosed with fluorosis stains. Initially, adequacy of the oral environment was performed with prophylaxis and supragingival scraping. Then, the enamel microabrasion technique was performed with 6% hydrochloric acid associated with silicon carbide (Whiteness RM - FGM) and supervised at-home bleaching was performed with 16% carbamide peroxide (Whiteness Simple 16% - FGM). In conclusion, the treatment performed reestablished the aesthetics and harmony of smile color with minimally invasive procedures without causing tooth sensitivity


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Clareamento Dental , Microabrasão do Esmalte , Estética Dentária , Fluorose Dentária
19.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dent ; 10: 287-296, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30588124

RESUMO

Purpose: This study evaluated the influence of thickness increment on degree of conversion (DC), Knoop microhardness (KHN), and polymerization-shrinkage stress (PSS) by photoelasticity of three dental composites. Methods: For DC and KHN, 45 samples were prepared and divided into nine groups (n=5), according to composite (microhybrid [Filtek Z250 - Z250], bulk-fill flowable [SureFil SDR Flow - SDR], and nanohybrid composite [N'Durance - NDU]) and increment thickness (1, 1.5, and 3 mm). PSS was measured by photoelastic analysis. Composites were placed into a photo-elastic model cavity and light-cured. DC and KHN data were subjected to two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni post hoc test. PSS results were qualitatively evaluated through Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: SDR showed the highest DC values. At top and bottom surfaces, the highest KHN was obtained by Z250. Z250 showed higher PSS than SDR in 1.5 mm increments. NDU showed higher PSS than SDR in 3 mm increments. Conclusion: The bulk-fill composite demonstrated better DC and similar KHN and PSS in deeper layers compared to conventional composites. Bulk-fill composites may perform as well as conventional nanohybrid and microhybrid composites.

20.
Braz Oral Res ; 32: e108, 2018 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30328896

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effect of adding the hydrophobic monomer 1,12 dodecanediol dimethacrylate (DDDMA) to experimental sealants with and without thermocycling on degree of conversion (DC), water sorption (WS), water solubility (WSB), color stability (ΔE), and micro-shear bond strength (µSBS). Five experimental and one commercially available sealant (Bisco - BIS) were tested. The experimental sealants were formulated by mixing different percentages of DDDMA monomers and urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA). The photoinitiator system was composed by camphorquinone (CQ) and tertiary amine 4-ethyl benzoate dimetilamiono (EDBA). Ethanol was used as a solvent. The experimental groups were named sequentially according to the monomeric content (DDDMA/UDMA): S40/40 (40/40), S50/30 (50/30), S60/20 (60/20), S70/10 (70/10) and S80/0 (80/0). Data were analyzed separately by one-way ANOVA, followed by Tukey's test (p<0.05). The values of DC ranged from 94.59% (S40/40) to 54.02% (S80/10). BIS showed the highest WS value (p<0.05) and S40/40, S50/30, S60/20 and S80/0 showed the lowest WS values of all tested sealants. WSB values ranged from 7.88 µg/mm3 (BIS) to 13.27 µg/mm3 (S70/10). The highest ΔE value was 11.05±2.88 for BIS and the highest µSBS value was found for S60/20. No significant difference was observed in bond strength between sealants and bovine enamel after thermocycling. Adding DDDMA to the composition of surface sealants can improve its performance, once the monomer increased the degree of conversion and the color stability.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Metacrilatos/química , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/química , Poliuretanos/química , Análise de Variância , Animais , Cânfora/análogos & derivados , Cânfora/química , Bovinos , Cor , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Esmalte Dentário/química , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Etanol/química , Etilenodiaminas/química , Teste de Materiais , Transição de Fase/efeitos dos fármacos , Polimerização , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Solubilidade , Propriedades de Superfície , Temperatura , Fatores de Tempo , Água/química
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