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1.
Hosp Top ; : 1-10, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429041

RESUMO

This quasi-experimental study aimed to assess the impact of a training program on knowledge and practical skills of healthcare professionals(HCPs) regarding healthcare waste(HCW) management in a Teaching Hospital in Southern Tunisia.The total mean knowledge score(KS) and practice score(PS) increased significantly on post training test as opposed to pre-training test with mean changes of 17.9 ± 10.1 and 26.9 ± 2.1, respectively.The mean PS did not significantly change from the first to the final follow-up measurement(p = 0.25).Three predictor factors were found to be independently associated with change in KS:age(ß=-0.16;p = 0.006),sanitary staff(ß = 0.116;p = 0.038) and administrative staff(ß = 0.122;p = 0.032).Training program could therefore be an effective intervention for improving knowledge and practices among HCPs.

2.
Pan Afr Med J ; 38: 272, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34122699

RESUMO

Introduction: emergency obstetric care (EmOC) is a high-impact priority intervention strongly recommended for improving maternal health outcomes. The objectives of this study were to assess the availability, utilization, and quality of emergency obstetric care services in the Governorate of Sousse (Tunisia). Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted among public health facilities which performed deliveries in Sousse in 2017. Data were collected by consulting clinical records and registers and interviewing staff using WHO EmOC tools. Emergency obstetric care (EmOC) indicators were calculated. Results: only the University maternity Unit functioned as full comprehensive EmOC facility. No other public facility provided all the 7 Basic EmOC signal functions 3 months prior to the survey. The unperformed signal functions were: administration of parenteral antibiotics, manual removal of placenta and assisted vaginal delivery. The number of EmOC facilities was 0.72 per 500,000 inhabitants. The met need for EmOC was 89.5%. The proportion of caesarean section was 24.2%. The direct obstetric case fatality rate was 0.159% and intrapartum and very early neonatal death rate was 0.65%. Conclusion: raising maternity facilities to a minimum level of basic EmOC status would be a major contributing step towards maternal mortality reduction.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde Materna/organização & administração , Obstetrícia/organização & administração , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/normas , Feminino , Instalações de Saúde/normas , Instalações de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Serviços de Saúde Materna/normas , Mortalidade Materna , Obstetrícia/normas , Morte Perinatal , Gravidez , Tunísia
3.
J Surg Res ; 259: 465-472, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33616077

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Within the operating rooms (ORs), distractions occur on a regular basis, which affect the surgical workflow and results in the interruption of urgent tasks. This study aimed to observe the occurrence of intraoperative distractions in Tunisian ORs and evaluate associations among distractions, teamwork, workload, and stress. METHODS: This observational cross-sectional study was conducted in four different ORs (orthopedic, urology, emergency, and digestive surgery) of Sahloul University Hospital for a period of 3 mo in 2018. Distractions and teamwork were recorded and rated in real time during the intraoperative phase of each case using validated observation sheets. Besides, at the end of each operation, stress and workload of team members were measured. RESULTS: Altogether, 50 cases were observed and 160 participants were included. Distractions happened in 100% of the included operations. Overall, we recorded 933 distractions that occurred once every 3 min, with a mean frequency of M = 18.66 (standard deviation [SD] = 8.24) per case. It is particularly noticeable that procedural distractions occurred significantly higher during teaching cases compared with nonteaching cases (M = 3.85, M = 0.60, respectively, P < 0.001). The mean global teamwork score was M = 3.85 (SD = 0.67), the mean workload score was M = 58.60 (SD = 24.27), and the mean stress score was M = 15.29 (SD = 4.00). Furthermore, a higher stress level among surgeons was associated with distractions related to equipment failures and people entering or exiting the OR (r = 0.206, P < 0.01 and r = 0.137, P < 0.01, respectively). Similarly, nurses reported a higher workload in the presence of distractions related to the work environment in the OR (r = 0.313, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study highlighted a serious problem, which often team members seem to ignore or underestimate. Taking our findings into consideration, we recommend the implementation of the Surgical Checklist and preoperative briefings to reduce the number of surgical distractions. Also, a continuous teamwork training should be adopted to ensure that OR staff can avoid or handle distractions when they happen.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Salas Cirúrgicas/organização & administração , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Cirurgiões/organização & administração , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Comunicação , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Ocupacional/etiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Duração da Cirurgia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgiões/psicologia , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/educação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Fluxo de Trabalho , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
Pain Res Manag ; 2020: 1030463, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32071652

RESUMO

Background: Chronic pain (CP) is a real public health concern. It is a common cause of poor quality of life and workplace absenteeism. It is well studied in many medical and surgical fields. However, only few data are available as regards to its occurrence in trauma patients. Purpose: To assess the prevalence, associated factors, and psychosocial impact of CP following chest trauma. Methods: This is an observational, descriptive, and analytic cross-sectional study performed in a Tunisian department of anesthesia and intensive care over a two-month period. Adult patients admitted one year ago for isolated chest trauma were enrolled. Data were collected by a phone interview. Studied variables were sociodemographic characteristics, traumatic injuries and their management, the occurrence of CP, and its psychosocial impact. CP was diagnosed by the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) considering an evolution period of at least 3 months. Its impact was assessed by the BPI and the Posttraumatic stress disorder Checklist Scale (PCLS). Results: Fifty-four patients were included in the study. The prevalence of CP was 79.6%. The average CP intensity was 3.18 ± 1.4. It was neuropathic in 90.7%. Its main associated factors were pleural effusion (p=0.016), time to ICU admission (p=0.016), time to ICU admission (p=0.016), time to ICU admission (p=0.016), time to ICU admission (. Conclusion: CP following chest trauma is frequent and severe requiring preventive measures such as high risk patients screening, better management of acute pain, and a multidisciplinary approach for patients with diagnosed CP.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica/epidemiologia , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Traumatismos Torácicos/complicações , Adulto , Dor Crônica/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência
5.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 306, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692846

RESUMO

Introduction: An effective referral system is considered as a key to saving mothers' and children's lives. The aims of this study were to determine the frequency and the indications of obstetric referrals in a Tunisian tertiary care maternity and to assess the conformity of referral mechanisms with the National Perinatality Programme (NPP) guidelines. Methods: A descriptive study was undertaken among women referred to Farhat Hached University Hospital in Sousse, Tunisia with antenatal complications requiring urgent delivery and those referred while in labour or with immediate post partum complications. The ICD-10 was used to code recorded indications and diagnoses for referrals. Results: Referrals represents 15.23% of the obstetric activity in this facility. There were 32 reasons for referrals with the most common being premature rupture of membranes (14.1%) and fetal distress (13.5%). A fifth of the referrals were unclassifiable according to ICD-10. Most of the indications for referrals (95.8%) did not conform to the list of referral indications of the NPP. Twenty eight diagnoses were retained after referrals: the most common of which were prolonged pregnancy (29.5%) and premature rupture of membranes (19.3%). In 41% of women, reasons for referral did not match with diagnoses established at the time of the patients' admission to hospital. Conclusion: The current referral system in the region of Sousse still faces several challenges that need to be addressed in order to make it more effective.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Humanos , Trabalho de Parto , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Gravidez , Atenção Terciária à Saúde , Tunísia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Adv Respir Med ; 87(2): 90-95, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038719

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Malignant pleural mesothelioma is a rare tumour with a bad prognosis. The only consensual prognostic factors are represented by the stage and the histologic type. Concerning the histologic type, epithelioid mesothelioma is known to have better prognosis in comparison with the sarcomatoid and biphasic types. Epithelioid mesotheliomas have been reported to be a heterogeneous prognostic group. Our aim was to assess the impact on the survival of different characteristics of epithelioid mesothelioma, including nuclear atypia, mitotic count, MIB-1 index, inflammatory host response, stromal desmoplasia, necrosis, vascular emboli and invasion depth. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a study of survival of 30 malignant pleural mesotheliomas according to the different parameters studied. RESULTS: The study included 26 women and 4 men. The mean age of the patients was 61 years. The microscopic exam concluded to an epithelioid mesothelioma in 17 cases, sarcomatoid mesothelioma in 4 cases and biphasic mesothelioma in 9 cases. The 17 cases of epithelioid mesothelioma developed severe nuclear atypia in 6 cases and mild nuclear atypia in 11 cases. The mitotic count and the MIB-1 score were respectively inferior to 5 mitoses/50 HPF and inferior to 10% in 11 cases and were superior to 5 mitoses/50 HPF and superior to 10% in 6 cases. No vascular emboli were recorded. Tumour necrosis was reported in 1 case. The inflammatory host response was severe in 4 cases and mild in 13 cases. The tumoral stroma was desmoplastic in 4 cases. The invasion depth was superior to 0.5mm in 16 cases. The median overall survival amounted to 180 days. Nuclear atypia was the only feature that had impact on survival in the group of epithelioid mesothelioma. CONCLUSION: Our results highlight the correlation of nuclear atypia with survival.


Assuntos
Células Epitelioides/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Mesotelioma/mortalidade , Mesotelioma/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Mesotelioma Maligno , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
7.
J Craniofac Surg ; 30(4): e297-e300, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30839461

RESUMO

Tympanoplasty is a surgical procedure aiming to reconstruct the tympanic membrane and hearing. The aim of this study was to compare anatomic and audiological results of cartilage graft with temporal fascia graft in type 1 tympanoplasty patients. We conducted a descriptive, retrospective study of medical records of patients who underwent tympanoplasty between January 2010 and December 2015 at the Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of Farhat Hached University Hospital. In total, we obtained 46 patients. Twenty-three patients who underwent type 1 cartilage tympanoplasty using cartilage graft were compared with 23 patients in whom temporal muscle fascia was used. In follow-up, residual perforation occurred in 1 of 23 patients (4.3%) undergoing cartilage tympanoplasty and in 2 of 23 patients undergoing fascia tympanoplasty (8.7%), which was found to be statistically non significant (P > 0.05). In both cartilage and fascia groups, when they were compared in terms of gain, no significant difference was found between groups (P = 0.271), air bone gap gain was found to be 12.9 ±9.9 decibels in cartilage group, whereas it was 10 ±â€Š6.6 decibels in fascia group. Operation success is defined by successful anatomical and functional outcome. Among all patients, 35 (76%) were reported to have operation success. It was established that type of operation had no significant influence on success (P = 0.73). Currently, there is an increasing interest in using cartilage grafts in primary tympanoplasty. Especially, in patients with severe middle ear pathology, cartilage graft should be used routinely without risk on influencing audiological results.


Assuntos
Cartilagem/transplante , Fáscia/transplante , Timpanoplastia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Timpanoplastia/métodos , Timpanoplastia/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Tunis Med ; 96(2): 122-128, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30324977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tobacco use among teenagers in an increasing concern for the international community, especially with the fact that early experimentation is now identified as a risk factor for durable consumption and addiction. AIM: To study Tobacco use and its determinants amongteenagers in the city of Sousse. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectionalstudy was carried out among a sample of teenagers enrolled in the city of Sousse (Tunisia) in 2016-2017. A two-stage sampling was conducted for the selection of adolescents. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire in Arabic language. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 330 students. The prevalence of smoking was 9.7%(95% CI6,7% ;13%), with a male predominance (14.4% vs 6.3%). The mean age of onset of tobacco was 14.65 ± 1.38 years. 44.8% of parents ignore their children's smoking. The mean dependence score was 4.77 ± 3.6 (HONC test).  Factors significantly associated with smoking were gender, age, educational level, repeating school years, relationship with parents and teachers, presence of smokers in the environment, knowledge about the health risks of tobacco. CONCLUSION: Sensitizationactions should be strengthened within schools, starting even in primary schools, in collaboration with teachers, family and health professionals. In addition, more effective and rigorous enforcement of legislation is essential.


Assuntos
Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente/fisiologia , Fatores Etários , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tunísia/epidemiologia , Urbanização , Adulto Jovem
9.
Tunis Med ; 96(3): 209-218, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30325490

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Clopidogrel (clopi) is a prodrug widely prescribed in the management of coronary artery disease and requires the intervention of hepatic cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) for its activation. However, there is interindividual variability in response to clopi despite the use of recommended doses. Thus, the studies have highlighted the effect of the CYP2C19 gene polymorphism or Cyp2C19 gene on the response to clopi and particularly Cyp2C19 * 2 which may be associated with an increased risk of major cardiovascular events or MACE. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Cyp2C19 * 2 polymorphism on MACE occurrence and hemorrhagic complications in patients treated with clopi. METHODS: We carried out a descriptive longitudinal study including 71 patients placed under clopi for a minimum duration of one month. Genotyping of the Cyp2C19 allele was performed by conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR). After a follow-up period of 495 ± 183 days, we performed a statistical analysis to evaluate the association between the Cyp2C19 * 2 polymorphism and the occurrence of MACE or hemorrhagic complications. RESULTS: Among our patients, 51% had an angioplasty, 42% medical treatment and 7% a coronary artery bypass surgery. In our study population, 52% were heterozygous (HTZ), 28% homozygous (HMZ) healthy * 1 / * 1 and 20% HMZ had the loss of function allele * 2 / * 2. The allelic frequency of Cyp2C19 * 2 was 46%. Follow-up mean duration was of 495 ± 183 days. During this period, the prevalence of MACE was 11% and that of hemorrhagic complications was 13%. In our study, we did not observe a significant association between the occurrence of MACE or hemorrhagic complications with the genotype carrying the Cyp2C19 * 2 allele. CONCLUSION: Among patients treated with clopi, wearing a Cyp2C19 * 2 function loss allele didn't seem to be associated with a significantly higher risk of MACE, nor a significantly lower risk of hemorragic complications. This suggests the necessity of larger studies.


Assuntos
Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Citocromo P-450 CYP2C19/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Clopidogrel/farmacocinética , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/metabolismo , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/genética , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Farmacogenômicos , Polimorfismo Genético , Tunísia/epidemiologia
10.
J Res Health Sci ; 18(2): e00414, 2018 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29784895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bullying is a serious public health concern remarkably common among youth. Involvement in bullying can lead to deleterious effect on the emotional well-being of pupils. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of bullying, its psychosocial associated factors and the perceived involvement of parents, teachers, and classmates to counteract this behavior. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: We conducted this study in 2015 among a representative multistage sample of 1584 students enrolled in middle schools in the Region of Sousse using the revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire. It assesses the prevalence of bullying and covers qualitative details of bullying including psychosocial factors and perceived efforts of others to counteract bullying. RESULTS: 11.7% of respondents were classified as pure victims, 7.8% as pure bullies, 3.2% as bully-victims and 75.5% as bystanders. Compared to other groups, the bully-victims were less likely to report a feeling of empathy and liking school. They were more likely to be afraid of being bullied, aggressive and to have fewer friends in the class. Only 30.3% of the victims indicated that they told someone about being bullied. The majority of the middle school students perceived that classmates (54.1%) and teachers (39.5%) did nothing to counteract bullying. CONCLUSIONS: Information about bullying is critical and must be gathered before effective intervention is planned. Parents, teachers and students should learn effective ways to handle the bullying problem since the most effective programs are comprehensive targeting students, schools, families and the community.


Assuntos
Bullying/prevenção & controle , Bullying/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Agressão/psicologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Docentes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pais , Grupo Associado , Prevalência , Estudantes/psicologia , Tunísia/epidemiologia
11.
J Res Health Sci ; 18(1): e00403, 2018 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29445049

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Internet represents a revolution in the world of technology and communication all over the world including Tunisia. However, this technology has also introduced problematic use, especially among students. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of Internet addiction among college students and its predictors in the region of Sousse, Tunisia. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: The current study was conducted in the colleges of Sousse, Tunisia in 2012-2013. A self-administrated questionnaire was used to collect data from 556 students in 5 randomly selected colleges from the region. Collected data concerned socio-demographic characteristics, substances use and internet addiction using the Young Internet Addiction Test. RESULTS: The response rate was 96%. The mean age of participants was 21.8±2.2 yr. Females represented 51.8% of them. Poor control of internet use was found among 280 (54.0%; CI95%: 49.7, 58.3%) participants. Low education levels among parents, the young age, lifetime tobacco use and lifetime illicit drugs use were significantly associated with poor control of internet use among students (P<0.001). While, the most influential factor on internet use among them was under-graduation with an adjusted odds ratio of 2.4 (CI95%: 1.7, 3.6). CONCLUSIONS: Poor control of internet use is highly prevalent among the college students of Sousse especially those under graduate. A national intervention program is required to reduce this problem among youth. A national study among both in-school and out-of-school adolescents and young people would identify at-risk groups and determine the most efficient time to intervene and prevent internet addiction.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo/etiologia , Internet , Estudantes , Universidades , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Drogas Ilícitas , Masculino , Pais , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fumar , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tunísia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Sante Publique ; 29(2): 255-262, 2017 Apr 27.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28737344

RESUMO

Aim: This study was designed to assess the prevalence of alcohol consumption and factors associated with alcohol consumption among students of the Sousse region of Tunisia. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 556 students of Sousse universities during the 2012-2013 academic year, using an anonymous self-report questionnaire. Data capture and statistical analysis were performed with SPSS software 18.0. Results: Our study population was composed of 268 males (48.2%) with a mean age of 21.8 ± 2.1 years. Eighty-four students (15.1%) had consumed alcohol at least once. On multivariate analysis, male gender (OR = 6.94; 95%CI = [2.32-20.72]), smoking (OR = 13.21; 95%CI = [6.20-27.78]), drug use (OR = 32.22; 95%CI = [6.73-154.26]) and parental alcohol consumption (OR = 4.31; 95%CI = [1.70-10.91]) were the factors significantly associated with alcohol consumption among students. Conclusion: This study was designed to determine the characteristics of alcohol consumption among Tunisian students. Alcohol consumption levels were comparable to those reported in the general population and were significantly related to smoking and drug use. The next step of this study will consist of developing strategies to prevent risk behaviours in the student population.


Assuntos
Consumo de Álcool na Faculdade , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Tunísia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Sante Publique ; 29(5): 685-691, 2017 Dec 05.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29384302

RESUMO

AIMS: To assess safety culture in primary healthcare centres and to explore its associated factors. METHODS: This multicentre cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in the 30 primary healthcare centres in central Tunisia and used the validated French version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture questionnaire' (HSOPSC). RESULTS: A total of 214 professionals participated, corresponding to a response rate of 85%. The ?Teamwork within centres? dimension had the highest score (71.5%). However, two safety dimensions had very low scores: ?Frequency of event reporting?, ?Non-punitive response to errors? with percentages of 31.4% and 35.4%, respectively. Among the associated factors, the ?Frequency of reported events? dimension was significantly higher among professionals involved in risk management committees (p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that the level of safety culture needs to be improved in primary healthcare centres in Tunisia and also highlights the need to implement a quality management system in primary healthcare centres.


Assuntos
Cultura Organizacional , Segurança do Paciente , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Gestão da Segurança/organização & administração , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tunísia
14.
Tunis Med ; 94(4): 398-304, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27704514

RESUMO

Background Overweight in schools is a worrisome public health problem because they increase medium and long term risks of morbidity and mortality especially with an increased risk of persistence of obesity in adulthood. Aim To estimate the prevalence of overweight among school children and to identify its associated risk factors. Methods this is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among school students aged less than 18 years in the area of "Hazoua" (Tozeur). The references of BMI used for overweight and obesity are those of IOTF. The French BMI references are used to establish the prevalence of underweight. Data entry and analysis was performed using SPSS 20. Results Our sample included 445 students. The average BMI was 18.73±3.4 kg/m2. The prevalence of Underweight was 9.7%, while overweight and obesity have been reported among 6.7% of students. Overweight was significantly associated to gender and the practice of sport outside school. Conclusion Obesity in schools in the community of Hazoua is now lower than that reported in other studies. In contrast, we detected a problem of underweight, which deserves as much attention. Intervention programs should be established and whose objectives are to improve students' skills in terms of eating behavior and physical activity, these actions require collaboration at all levels.

15.
Pan Afr Med J ; 23: 30, 2016.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27200135

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Nowadays, the circuit of drugs is a plague. This situation may cause serious harm to patients. In this context, we conducted a study with the aim to describe and evaluate the circuit of anticancer drugs in a Tunisian regional hospital. METHODS: This is an evaluative study of the risk of anticancer drugs, conducted over a period of 15 days during the year 2014 in the Department of Cancer Research of the Regional Hospital of Gafsa (Tunisia). The evaluation method is based on that conducted by the project "SECURIMED" and developed by the Coordination Committee of the Clinical Evaluation and Quality in Aquitaine (CCECQA) in France. RESULTS: In our study, the observation of anticancer drugs circuit has revealed some deficiencies. We noted that the roles of the various actors are subject sometimes to tasks shifting, which may sometimes be dangerous. The study also revealed a lack and an inadequacy with the standards in terms of the necessary equipment for the preparation of the anticancer drugs. CONCLUSION: Securing drugs circuit should be a priority included in all national processes and shared by all stakeholders to achieve a premium goal: the quality of care and patient safety.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Tunísia
16.
Sante Publique ; 28(5): 613-622, 2016 Nov 25.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28155737

RESUMO

The results of this study will help guide public hospital human resource managers in the choice of measures designed to increase the motivation of their employees in order to ensure staff satisfaction as well as quality health care services..


Assuntos
Pessoal Técnico de Saúde/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Motivação , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais Públicos , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Tunísia , Recursos Humanos
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