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1.
Environ Int ; 147: 106318, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33387882

RESUMO

Several studies suggest that organochlorine exposure can affect male reproductive functions, causing poor semen quality, endocrine disruption, or dysregulation of thyroid hormones. This study uses multiple linear regression (MLR) models to analyze the correlation between male reproductive functions and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCBs) congeners or p,p'-DDE levels in serum, semen, and indoor dust samples. Multiple comparisons were all adjusted using the false discovery rate (FDR). The results revealed that the PCB congener levels in seminal plasma were significantly associated with the quality parameters of human semen (i.e., sperm count, morphology, and motility) and thyroid hormones after adjusting for covariates, e.g., associations of the sperm concentration with levels of CB105 (ß = -0.323, 95% CI: -0.561, -0.085, p = 0.009), CB44 (ß = 0.585, 95% CI: 0.290, 0.880, p < 0.001), and CB66 (ß = -0.435, 95% CI: -0.728, -0.143, p = 0.004) in the seminal plasma were observed. Correlations between serum pollutants levels and the semen quality, reproductive hormones, or thyroid hormones were also observed. Moreover, our results demonstrate that the quantification of PCBs in seminal plasma can better describe male reproductive disorders than that in serum or dust. Organochlorine exposure measured in serum or dust, especially in seminal plasma, was associated with semen quality, as well as reproductive and thyroid hormones, thus suggesting that the impacts of persistent pollutants on male reproductive health require further investigation.


Assuntos
Resíduo Eletrônico , Poluentes Ambientais , Bifenilos Policlorados , China , Diclorodifenil Dicloroetileno , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Humanos , Masculino , Bifenilos Policlorados/toxicidade , Análise do Sêmen
2.
Environ Int ; 146: 106305, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33395947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bisphenol A (BPA) can cause detrimental effects on fetal growth. However, the effects of BPA alternatives, such as bisphenol F (BPF) and bisphenol S (BPS), on fetal growth are less known. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships of prenatal BPA, BPF, and BPS exposures with fetal growth parameters and gestational age. METHODS: Urinary BPA, BPF, and BPS were measured in 1,197 pregnant women before delivery in a Chinese cohort. The associations of prenatal exposure to BPA, BPF, and BPS with fetal growth parameters and gestational age were examined, and associations stratified by fetal sex were also conducted. We used a restricted cubic splines (RCS) model to examine the dose-response associations between exposures and outcomes. RESULTS: Maternal urinary BPA and BPF were negatively related to birth length (-0.30 cm, 95% CI: -0.44, -0.15 and -0.21 cm, 95% CI: -0.36, -0.07 comparing the extreme exposure groups, respectively, both p for trends < 0.01). These associations were more pronounced in girls with inverted U-shaped dose-response relationships. Maternal urinary BPA and BPF were positively related to ponderal index (0.05 g/cm3 × 100, 95% CI: 0.01, 0.09 and 0.04 g/cm3 × 100, 95% CI: 0.01, 0.08 comparing the extreme exposure groups, respectively, both p for trends = 0.02), and maternal urinary BPS was associated with shorter gestational age (-0.20 weeks, 95% CI: -0.37, -0.03 comparing the extreme exposure groups, p for trend = 0.02). These associations were only observed in girls and exhibited a linear dose-response relationship. CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal BPA, BPF, and BPS exposures were associated with detrimental effects on fetal growth parameters, and stronger effects were noted in female infants.


Assuntos
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Desenvolvimento Fetal , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Fenóis , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente
3.
Environ Int ; 138: 105666, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203811

RESUMO

Typical halogenated persistent organic pollutants (Hal-POPs), including polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), are a group of ubiquitous organic pollutants with an endocrine disrupting effect. This study evaluated the accumulation and congener profiles of Hal-POPs in the bodies of men who live/work in areas of South China where electronic wastes are collected and managed, especially in their semen samples. The results show that the detection frequency and serum concentrations of Hal-POP congeners within the high-exposure group (HEG) were higher than those of the low-exposure group (LEG). Furthermore, an identical trend was observed for the seminal plasma concentrations of Hal-POPs. The distribution characteristics, such as their mean, median, and discrete values, of PBDE congeners in serum and semen samples from the same subjects were consistent with each other. However, the distribution characteristics of PCB congeners in serum samples were different from those in semen samples. BDE153 was one of the most abundant congeners found in the serum and semen samples; hence, it can be identified as an indicator PBDE congener. Further research is needed to explore the mechanism of Hal-POPs distribution in human semen and serum samples.


Assuntos
Resíduo Eletrônico , Poluentes Ambientais , Bifenilos Policlorados , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Bifenilos Policlorados/análise , Sêmen/química
4.
Chemosphere ; 198: 266-273, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29421738

RESUMO

Previous studies have confirmed that house dust is one of the main sources of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) exposure, and also indicated that PBDEs might affect human semen quality. The aim of this study was to explore the association between PBDEs concentration in house dust and the semen quality of male resident. Results showed that the semen qualities of the residents living around the e-waste dismantling workshops for a long time (3-17years) at the e-waste areas in South China significantly decreased, and the DNA damage of sperms were aggravated. The adjusted correlation analysed by multiple linear regression model showed that the sperm concentration and count both had negative correlation with BDE47 level in semen (ß = -0.295, 95%CI: -0.553∼-0.036; ß = -0.400, 95%CI: -0.708∼-0.092, respectively). In addition, the sperm progressive motility [(A+B)%] and sperm viability both had negative correlation with BDE100 level in dust (ß = -0.360, 95%CI: -0.680∼-0.040; ß = -0.114, 95% CI: -0.203∼-0.025, respectively). And there were significant linear positive correlation between PBDE congener (e.g. BDE28, 47, 153) concentrations in dust and in paired semen samples (rs = 0.367-0.547, p < 0.05). This study suggested that exposure to PBDEs from house dust might have adverse effects on human semen quality. But the results need to be confirmed in further studies with a large-scale sampling, and find out more direct and convincing evidence.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise , Poeira/análise , Resíduo Eletrônico/análise , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/análise , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/efeitos adversos , China , Dano ao DNA , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/toxicidade , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Análise do Sêmen , Espermatozoides/química , Inquéritos e Questionários
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