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1.
Front Surg ; 9: 875484, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35521428

RESUMO

Background: The analgesic effect produced by the intra-arterial injection of lidocaine in patients undergoing uterine artery embolization has been proven to be safe and effective. Nevertheless, a significant degree of pain is typically experienced after the operation, and pain management is crucial. Methylprednisolone, which provides an anti-inflammatory effect, is widely used in the treatment of several diseases. To date, methylprednisolone has not been used after uterine artery embolization. Methods: A total of 131 patients with uterine leiomyoma were retrospectively enrolled. Forty-five patients (control group) were treated with embolized microspheres for bilateral uterine artery embolization. Fifty (study group) and 36 (lidocaine group) patients were administered lidocaine mixed with embolized microspheres during embolization, and in addition, the study group was administered methylprednisolone. Completed pain scales at different time points during surgery were obtained from patients undergoing uterine artery embolization. Efficacy against pain was evaluated by comparing the pain score, inflammatory index, and use of sufentanil within 24 h followed by a Kruskal-Wallis Test and a least significant difference post-hoc analysis. Results: The postoperative pain scores at 1, 4, and 7 h after uterine artery embolization in the study group (3.08 ± 2.09, 2.46 ± 1.93, and 2.38 ± 1.85, respectively) were significantly lower than those in the control group (4.84 ± 2.36, 4.16 ± 1.87, and 3.56 ± 1.93, respectively) and the lidocaine group (3.50 ± 2.10, 3.30 ± 1.88, and 3.28 ± 1.89, respectively). At the first 24 h after embolization, the total usage of sufentanil in the study group (31.4 ± 4.16) was significantly lower than those in the control group (45.7 ± 6.51) and the lidocaine group (38.3 ± 6.25). At 1 and 4 h, the pain scores of the lidocaine group were significantly lower than those of the control group. In addition, at the first 24 h after embolization, the total usage of sufentanil in the lidocaine group was significantly lower than that in the control group. Conclusion: Lidocaine in combination with methylprednisolone can significantly alleviate pain and reduce the usage of sufentanil after bilateral uterine artery embolization. Thus, methylprednisolone is a recommended addition to the therapeutic regimen after embolization.

2.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(9)2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35565603

RESUMO

The sex ratio is an important factor affecting the economic benefits of duck groups in the process of hemp duck breeding. However, the current manual counting method is inefficient, and the results are not always accurate. On the one hand, ducks are in constant motion, and on the other hand, the manual counting method relies on manpower; thus, it is difficult to avoid repeated and missed counts. In response to these problems, there is an urgent need for an efficient and accurate way of calculating the sex ratio of ducks to promote the farming industry. Detecting the sex ratio of ducks requires accurate counting of male ducks and female ducks. We established the world's first manually marked sex classification dataset for hemp ducks, including 1663 images of duck groups; 17,090 images of whole, individual duck bodies; and 15,797 images of individual duck heads, which were manually captured and had sex information markers. Additionally, we used multiple deep neural network models for the target detection and sex classification of ducks. The average accuracy reached 98.68%, and with the combination of Yolov5 and VovNet_27slim, we achieved 99.29% accuracy, 98.60% F1 score, and 269.68 fps. The evaluation of the algorithm's performance indicates that the automation method proposed in this paper is feasible for the sex classification of ducks in the farm environment, and is thus a feasible tool for sex ratio estimation.

3.
ACS Chem Neurosci ; 2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35476397

RESUMO

The current diagnoses of Alzheimer's disease (AD) mainly rely on such measures as amyloid-ß (Aß) and tau neuropathology biomarkers in vivo via cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, which had been systematically studied in Caucasian individuals, whereas diagnostic performances of these approaches in Chinese dementia population still remain unclear. This study investigated the associations between the levels of CSF core AD biomarkers, including phosphorylated tau (p-Tau181), total tau (t-Tau), Aß42, and Aß40 measured by the single-molecule array (Simoa) and cerebral Aß deposition status assessed by 18F-Florbetapir PET (Aß PET), and evaluated the predictive values of CSF core AD biomarkers in discriminating Aß PET status in a clinical dementia cohort of the Chinese population, which consisted of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), AD dementia, and non-Alzheimer's dementia disease (Non-ADD). Global standard uptake value ratios (SUVRs) were calculated by Aß PET, which was divided into positive (Aß+) and negative (Aß-) through visual analysis. CSF p-Tau181 and p-Tau181/t-Tau ratio were positively correlated with the global SUVR, while CSF Aß42 and Aß42/Aß40 ratio were negatively correlated with the global SUVR. CSF Aß40 has the highest predictive value in discriminating the MCI group from the AD group, while CSF p-Tau181 was applied to discriminate the AD group from the non-ADD group. CSF Aß42/Aß40 ratio, as the optimal predictive factor, was combined with APOE ε4 status rather than age and education, which could improve the predictive ability in differentiating the Aß+ group from the Aß- group. The results reveal the universal applicability of CSF core AD biomarkers and Aß PET imaging in Chinese dementia population, which is helpful in clinical practice and drug trials in China.

4.
J Med Chem ; 65(7): 5514-5527, 2022 04 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35360904

RESUMO

Asthma patients in resource-poor countries cannot obtain adequate basic asthma medications because most asthma medications are supplied as inhalants. An alternative approach is to create oral antiasthmatic drugs with high ß2/ß1-selectivity, which should reduce treatment costs. In this study, we designed a cohort of compounds 1 using 2-(4-amino-3-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-2-(tert-butylamino)ethan-1-ol hydrogen chloride (1a) as the lead compound with an aim to expand the library of compounds possessing the 2-amino-2-phenylethanol scaffold. Structure-activity relationship studies on these compounds revealed that compounds created showed remarkable ß2 selectivity compared to isoproterenol and gave additional insights on the rational design of ß2-adrenoceptor agonists. Moreover, 1a was found as the best candidate compound showing the greatest potential for drug development. Cell-based assays showed that 1a was about 10 times more selective than salbutamol toward the ß2-adrenoceptor. Moreover, 1a exhibited good oral bioavailability and low acute oral toxicity. These data reveal 1a as an oral antiasthmatic agent.


Assuntos
Antiasmáticos , Asma , Agonistas Adrenérgicos beta , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Broncodilatadores , Etanolaminas , Humanos , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 2
5.
Phytochemistry ; 199: 113187, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35405149

RESUMO

Twenty one abietane diterpenes were isolated from Cephalotaxus oliveri Mast. The structures of 7 undescribed diterpenoids, named cephaloliverins A-G, were elucidated via spectroscopic data interpretation and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) analysis. The isolated diterpenoids were evaluated for their cytotoxicity against three kinds of human tumor cell lines (MCF-7, HepG2, and A549). Metaglyptin A was the most active with IC50 values of 16.34, 15.63 and 21.33 µM and was further investigated for colony formation and apoptosis in HepG2 cells.

6.
Org Biomol Chem ; 20(18): 3712-3716, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35441647

RESUMO

Cephaloliverols A (1) and B (2), two meroterpenoids based on a sterol and an abietane diterpene possessing a dioxane ring, were isolated from the twigs and leaves of Cephalotaxus oliveri. Their structures were established by spectroscopic analysis and quantum chemical calculation. 1 and 2 represent the first sterol-hybrid meroditerpenoids. The two compounds and their precursors decreased NO production in a dose-dependent manner in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages.


Assuntos
Cephalotaxus , Abietanos , Cephalotaxus/química , Estrutura Molecular , Folhas de Planta/química , Esteróis/farmacologia
7.
ACS Omega ; 7(13): 10994-11001, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35415344

RESUMO

In this study, we designed and synthesized a new class of aggregation-induced emission luminogens, which was inspired and developed from the structure of tetraphenyl-1,3-butadienes derivative (TPB-1) through the minus strategy by removing one of the phenyl groups. Among them, L1 and L4 exhibited an aggregation-induced emission effect and multistimuli-responsive chromic behavior. Moreover, two types of single crystals of L1 were obtained, and their different emission behaviors were elucidated clearly by analyzing the single-crystal data.

8.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 8604322, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35469224

RESUMO

Background: Septic shock (SS) is the most common severe syndrome in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Enhancing the monitoring of hemodynamic indexes in SS patients carries huge clinical implications for reducing patient mortality. Recently, pulse indicator continuous cardiac output (PICCO) has been widely used in clinical practice, but its advantages than central venous pressure (CVP) in guiding the treatment of SS patients remains to be refined. Therefore, this study is aimed at assessing the clinical effects of PICCO in the treatment of patients with SS. Methods: The authors systematically searched several databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and China National Knowledge) between January 2001 and February 2021. When searching for relevant articles, the authors combined the following phrases describing the monitoring group ("pulse indicator continuous cardiac output," "central venous pressure") with the disease of interest as well as management ("SS," "sepsis"). The outcomes were independently assessed by two reviewers who scored the articles for methodological quality using the Cochrane Collaboration's "risk of bias" tool. Forest plots, as well as sensitivity and bias analyses, were carried out for the included articles. The primary outcome measures were length of ICU stay, duration of mechanical ventilation, 28-day mortality, and fluid resuscitation volume. Results: Ten studies comprising 350 cases monitored with PICCO and 373 cases monitored with traditional CVP were eventually identified. PICCO-monitored patients were observed to be significantly associated with shorter ICU stay than CVP-monitored patients (MD: -3.04, 95% CI: -4.74 to -1.34, P = 0.0005), shorter time of mechanical ventilation (MD: -1.84, 95% CI: -2.80 to -0.87, P = 0.0002), and lower 28-day mortality (RR: 0.67, 95% CI: 0.48 to 0.94, P = 0.02). The two groups showed no significant difference in subgroup analysis for fluid resuscitation volumes (P > 0.05). Conclusion: PICCO monitoring technique can significantly improve the prognosis of SS patients, shorten the time of mechanical ventilation and ICU stay, and reduce the 28-day mortality, which has positive guiding significance for patients with SS. Given the limitations of the quantity and quality of included studies, further research is warranted to verify the conclusions.


Assuntos
Choque Séptico , Débito Cardíaco , Hidratação , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Choque Séptico/terapia
9.
J Integr Neurosci ; 21(2): 72, 2022 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35364660

RESUMO

Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as head injury or brain injury, refers to the head injury caused by mechanical impact. It is necessary to develop effective new therapies for TBI injury. Gastrodin (GAS) is the main bioactive ingredient from the rhizome of Gastrodia elata and has significant therapeutic effect on nervous system diseases. However, the protective effects of GAS on brain tissue and related regulatory mechanism in traumatic brain injury remain elusive. Herein, we explored the role of GAS in traumatic brain injury and its related mechanism. We found Gastrodin reduced brain tissue injury and improved functional recovery of injury nerve in TBI rats, and alleviated inflammation. Gastrodin decreased the level of pyroptosis in brain tissue of TBI rats. Further, we found GAS suppressed NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway, and therefore suppressed pyroptosis and exerted neuroprotective effect. GAS could serve as a promising drug for TBI treatment.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Animais , Álcoois Benzílicos , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/metabolismo , Glucosídeos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/farmacologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Piroptose , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais
10.
Front Oncol ; 12: 800787, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35359425

RESUMO

Objective: To develop and validate a radiomic nomogram for individualized prediction of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in HBV cirrhosis patients based on baseline magnetic resonance imaging examinations and clinical data. Methods: 364 patients with HBV cirrhosis from five hospitals were assigned to the training, internal validation, external validation-1 or external validation-2 cohort. All patients underwent baseline magnetic resonance image (MRI) scans and clinical follow-up within three-year time. Clinical risk factors and MRI-based features were extracted and analyzed. The radiomic signatures were built using the radiomics-score (Rad-score) that calculated for each patient as a linear weighted combination of selected MRI-based features. Prognostic performances of the clinical and radiomic nomograms were evaluated with Cox modeling in the training and validation cohorts. Results: Eighteen features were selected for inclusion in the Rad-score prognostic model. The radiomic signature from multi-sequence MRI yielded a concordance index (C-index) of 0.710, 0.681, 0.632 and 0.658 in the training, internal validation, external validation-1, external validation-2 cohorts, respectively. Sex and Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) class were the most prognostic clinical risk factors in univariate Cox proportional hazards analyses. The radiomic combined nomogram that integrated the radiomic signature with the clinical factors yielded a C-index of 0.746, 0.710, and 0.641 in the training, internal validation, and external validation-1 cohorts, respectively, which was an improvement over either the clinical nomogram or radiomic signature alone. Conclusion: We developed an MRI-based radiomic combined nomogram with good discrimination ability for the individualized prediction of HCC in HBV cirrhosis patients within three-year time.

11.
Radiology ; : 204458, 2022 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35315718

RESUMO

Background Because loosening of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) occurs due to poor osseous integration at component-bone interfaces, interface assessment may be helpful in diagnosing loosening at MRI. Purpose To determine interreader reproducibility for characterizing component interfaces and diagnosing loosening and to evaluate the diagnostic performance of MRI for diagnosing loosening after TKA compared with radiography. Materials and Methods Consecutive knees with TKA that underwent revision between July 2018 and June 2019 and were imaged at MRI and radiography were included in this retrospective study. Interface type (normal, fibrous membrane, fluid, or osteolysis), percent integration (<33%, 33%-66%, or >66%), and presence of bone marrow edema pattern were assessed. Loosening was diagnosed at MRI if no or almost no normal interface was present. Sensitivity and specificity were compared with radiographs by using surgical findings as reference. Gwet agreement coefficient evaluated interreader reproducibility between two readers and multivariable logistic regression assessed risk factors for loosening. Results Among 116 knees in 114 patients (mean age, 63 years ± 10 [SD]; 59 women), 61 of 116 knees (52.6%) had at least one loose component. Interreader reproducibility of MRI was substantial to excellent (Gwet agreement coefficient, 0.67-0.96). Loosening was associated with fluid interface (odds ratio [OR], 20.1; 95% CI: 5.7, 70.9) or osteolysis (OR, 3.1; 95% CI: 1.8, 5.3), absence of any normal interface (OR, 11.8; 95% CI: 6.3, 22.2), poor (<33%) osseous integration (OR, 20.4; 95% CI: 9.7, 42.6), and bone marrow edema pattern (OR, 4.7; 95% CI: 2.8, 7.8). Sensitivity and specificity of MRI for loosening were 84% (27 of 32; 95% CI: 72, 97) and 85% (71 of 84; 95% CI: 77, 92) for the patellar, 31% (eight of 26; 95% CI: 13, 49) and 100% (90 of 90; 95% CI: 100, 100) for the femoral, and 81% (22 of 27; 95% CI: 66, 96) and 98% (87 of 89; 95% CI: 95, 100) for the tibial component, respectively. MRI had higher sensitivity (84% vs 31%; P < .001) but lower specificity (85% vs 96%; P = .003) for patellar component loosening than did radiography, respectively, whereas no evidence of a difference was found for femoral (sensitivity and specificity, MRI vs radiography: 31% vs 46% [P = .20] and 100% vs 99% [P > .99], respectively) or tibial (sensitivity and specificity, MRI vs radiography: 81% vs 70% [P = .16] and 98% vs 97% [P = .32], respectively) component loosening. Conclusion MRI demonstrated substantial to excellent interreader reproducibility and higher sensitivity than did radiography for diagnosing patellar component loosening after total knee arthroplasty. © RSNA, 2022 Online supplemental material is available for this article.

12.
J Clin Invest ; 132(6)2022 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35289316

RESUMO

Host defense and inflammation are regulated by the NF-κB essential modulator (NEMO), a scaffolding protein with a broad immune cell and tissue expression profile. Hypomorphic mutations in inhibitor of NF-κB kinase regulatory subunit gamma (IKBKG) encoding NEMO typically present with immunodeficiency. Here, we characterized a pediatric autoinflammatory syndrome in 3 unrelated male patients with distinct X-linked IKBKG germline mutations that led to overexpression of a NEMO protein isoform lacking the domain encoded by exon 5 (NEMO-Δex5). This isoform failed to associate with TANK binding kinase 1 (TBK1), and dermal fibroblasts from affected patients activated NF-κB in response to TNF but not TLR3 or RIG-I-like receptor (RLR) stimulation when isoform levels were high. By contrast, T cells, monocytes, and macrophages that expressed NEMO-Δex5 exhibited increased NF-κB activation and IFN production, and blood cells from these patients expressed a strong IFN and NF-κB transcriptional signature. Immune cells and TNF-stimulated dermal fibroblasts upregulated the inducible IKK protein (IKKi) that was stabilized by NEMO-Δex5, promoting type I IFN induction and antiviral responses. These data revealed how IKBKG mutations that lead to alternative splicing of skipping exon 5 cause a clinical phenotype we have named NEMO deleted exon 5 autoinflammatory syndrome (NDAS), distinct from the immune deficiency syndrome resulting from loss-of-function IKBKG mutations.


Assuntos
Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência , Processamento Alternativo , Criança , Humanos , Quinase I-kappa B/genética , Quinase I-kappa B/metabolismo , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Masculino , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fenótipo
13.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 24(3): 266-272, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35351256

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the molecular epidemiological characteristics of the virus in children with acute viral diarrhea in Changdu of Tibet, China. METHODS: Fecal specimens were collected from 96 children with acute diarrhea who visited the People's Hospital of Changdu, Tibet, from November 2018 to November 2020 and were tested for adenovirus, norovirus, astrovirus, sapovirus, and rotavirus. Gene sequencing was performed for the genotypes of these viruses. RESULTS: The overall positive rate of the five viruses was 39% (37/96), among which astrovirus had the highest positive rate of 17%, followed by norovirus (9%), rotavirus (8%), adenovirus (7%), and sapovirus (5%). There was no significant difference in the positive rate of the five viruses among different age groups (P>0.05). Only the positive rate of astrovirus was significantly different among the four seasons (P<0.05). For adenovirus, 6 children had F41 type and 1 had C2 type; for norovirus, 6 had GⅠ.3 type, 1 had GⅠ.7 type, 1 had GⅡ.3 type, and 2 had GⅡ.4 Sydney_2012 type; HAstrV-1 type was observed in all children with astrovirus infection; for sapovirus, 1 child each had sporadic GⅠ.2, GⅠ.6, and GⅡ.1 sapovirus and 2 children had unknown type; 6 children had rotavirus G9[P8]. CONCLUSIONS: Astrovirus and norovirus are important pathogens in children with acute diarrhea in Changdu, Tibet. The positive rate of adenovirus, norovirus, astrovirus, sapovirus, and rotavirus is not associated with age, and only the positive rate of astrovirus has obvious seasonality. F41 type is the dominant genotype of adenovirus; GⅠ.3 is the dominant genotype of norovirus; HAstrV-1 is the dominant genotype of astrovirus; sporadic GⅠ.2, GⅠ.6, and GⅡ.1 are the dominant genotypes of sapovirus; G9[P8] is the dominant genotype of rotavirus.


Assuntos
Gastroenterite , Vírus , Criança , China , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Fezes , Humanos , Tibet/epidemiologia , Vírus/genética
14.
Phytochemistry ; 198: 113144, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35283165

RESUMO

A molecular networking-guided study on the Daphne genkwa Sieb. et Zucc led to the isolation of twelve daphnane-type diterpenoids including four undescribed compounds, yuanhuakines A-D. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses, ECD calculations, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. All isolates were evaluated for their inhibitory activity against the A549, Hep3B, and MCF-7 cell lines. The majority of compounds inhibited A549 cells with IC50 values ranging from 7.77 to 20.56 µM, and their structure-activity relationship is preliminarily discussed. Five of these compounds were selected for further experiments, and they appear to inhibit A549 cell lines by inducing apoptosis.


Assuntos
Daphne , Diterpenos , Daphne/química , Diterpenos/química , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
15.
Phytochemistry ; 198: 113136, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35231501

RESUMO

Assisted by an MS/MS-based molecular networking guided strategy, six undescribed germacrane-type sesquiterpene lactones, namely scaberxones A-F, along with a known analog were obtained and characterized from Elephantopus scaber L. Their structures were unequivocally assigned by detailed spectroscopic analyses, NMR and ECD spectral calculations, and computer-assisted structure elucidation (CASE), complemented with single-crystal X-ray diffraction. All compounds were measured for their production of nitric oxide (NO) levels in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced BV-2 microglial cells to assess their anti-neuroinflammatory activity. Scaberxone F showed the most potent inhibition of NO production at a concentration of 10 µM.


Assuntos
Asteraceae , Sesquiterpenos , Asteraceae/química , Lactonas/química , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico , Compostos Fitoquímicos , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
16.
China CDC Wkly ; 4(10): 207-210, 2022 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35356642

RESUMO

What is already known about this topic?: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreaks in the past were mostly caused by overseas transmission, but if control measures are not appropriately applied, domestic transmission could also cause large-scale local epidemics. What is added by this report?: This report covers all information of epidemic investigation processes, epidemiological characteristics and exposure history, transmission chains, sequencing results as well as public health measures taken for the COVID-19 cluster epidemic caused by the Delta variant in a cosmetic hospital in Yantai City in August 2021. What are the implications for public health practice?: The information provided in this report, including active case finding, community management, and mass testing, may assist public health professionals in dealing with local COVID-19 epidemics caused by domestic transmission.

17.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2022: 7981338, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35223685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to provide new insights into the prevalence of positive antinuclear antibody (ANA) in patients with HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) and its impact on clinical outcomes. METHODS: A total of 116 patients with HBV-related ACLF treated at three clinical centers were retrospectively recruited. Serum concentrations of ANA were detected using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. Multiple nuclear dots, rim-like, and centromere patterns of ANA were detected using indirect immunofluorescence assay on HEp-2 cells. RESULTS: Among the 116 patients with HBV-related ACLF, 17 (14.66%) were ANA positive. Most patients in both ANA positive and negative groups were males (88.2% and 83.8%). Patients with negative ANA had a higher international normalized ratio, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD), and MELD-sodium scores than those with positive ANA (all P < 0.05). Multiple nuclear dot pattern was detected in half of the patients (8/17, 47.06%), rim-like/membranous pattern was found in six patients, and centromere pattern was detected in the last three patients. For patients with ANA (+), IgM was lower, and it was positively correlated with IgG. For patients with ANA (-), C3 was positively correlated with C4, and both C3 and C4 were negatively correlated with INR and MELD (all P < 0.05). In addition, TBIL, INR, WBC, and PLT, but not ANA, resulted as independent risk factors associated with 90-day mortality. CONCLUSION: Positive ANA is frequent in HBV-related ACLF, and it does not seem to be associated with poor outcomes, but the pathogenesis of ACLF may be different between ANA (+) and ANA (-) groups.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada , Doença Hepática Terminal , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/etiologia , Anticorpos Antinucleares , Doença Hepática Terminal/complicações , Feminino , Vírus da Hepatite B , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
18.
J Phys Chem B ; 126(8): 1768-1778, 2022 03 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35188774

RESUMO

Development of new mechanochromic luminescent (MCL) materials from aggregation-induced emission luminogens (AIEgens) has attracted wide attention due to their potential application in multiple areas. However, rational design and crafting of new MCL materials from the simple AIEgens skeleton is still a big challenge because of the undesirable concentration quenching effect. In this study, we have constructed a new class of MCL materials by adding one phenyl as a new rotator and incorporating one pair of electron donor (D) and acceptor (A) into the system of rofecoxib skeleton. This strategy endowed the compounds (Y1-Y8) with tunable emission behavior and some of them with the AIE effect and reversible MCL behavior. These properties may be caused by the highly twisted conformation and loosely molecular packing modes, which were elucidated clearly by analyzing the data of single-crystal X-ray diffraction, powder X-ray diffraction, and differential scanning calorimetry. Further investigation revealed that Y7 displayed acidochromic property due to the protonation of the nitrogen atom. Moreover, Y7, as a typical compound, showed its potential applications in the area of anticounterfeiting, pH sensor, and LD-specific bioimaging.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Luminescência , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Lactonas , Sulfonas
19.
Aging Cell ; 21(3): e13566, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35148456

RESUMO

The molecular mechanisms underlying functional decline during normal brain aging are poorly understood. Here, we identified the actin-associated protein tropomyosin 1 (TPM1) as a new systemic pro-aging factor associated with function deficits in normal aging retinas. Heterochronic parabiosis and blood plasma treatment confirmed that systemic factors regulated age-related inflammatory responses and the ectopic dendritic sprouting of rod bipolar (RBC) and horizontal (HC) cells in the aging retina. Proteomic analysis revealed that TPM1 was a potential systemic molecule underlying structural and functional deficits in the aging retina. Recombinant TPM1 protein administration accelerated the activation of glial cells, the dendritic sprouting of RBCs and HCs and functional decline in the retina of young mice, whereas anti-TPM1 neutralizing antibody treatment ameliorated age-related structural and function changes in the retina of aged mice. Old mouse plasma (OMP) induced glial cell activation and the dendritic outgrowth of RBCs and HCs in young mice, and yet TMP1-depleted OMP failed to reproduce the similar effect in young mice. These results confirmed that TPM1 was a systemic pro-aging factor. Moreover, we demonstrated that systematic TPM1 was an immune-related molecule, which elicited endogenous TPM1 expression and inflammation by phosphorylating PKA and regulating FABP5/NF-κB signaling pathway in normal aging retinas. Interestingly, we observed TPM1 upregulation and the ectopic dendritic sprouting of RBCs and HCs in young mouse models of Alzheimer's disease, indicating a potential role of TPM1 in age-related neurodegenerative diseases. Our data indicate that TPM1 could be targeted for combating the aging process.


Assuntos
NF-kappa B , Proteômica , Animais , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Plasticidade Neuronal , Retina/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Tropomiosina
20.
Phytochemistry ; 197: 113107, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35121215

RESUMO

Six alkaloids peharmalines F-K, along with 14 known ones, were isolated from the aerial part of Peganum harmala L.. The structures of the isolated compounds were determined based on their HR-ESI-MS data, extensive NMR spectroscopic analyses, and ECD calculations. 3-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)quinoline exhibited potent antiproliferative activity against the HepG-2 cell lines with an IC50 value of 3.05 µM. Norharmane displayed a moderate inhibition against A549 and HepG-2 cells with IC50 values of 16.45 µM and 17.27 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos , Peganum , Células A549 , Alcaloides/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Peganum/química , Extratos Vegetais/química
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