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1.
Opt Express ; 29(23): 38615-38622, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808911

RESUMO

This paper proposes a binocular holographic floating display. The device consists of two phase-modulation spatial light modulators (SLM) and a dihedral corner reflector array (DCRA) element. The conjugate images of the SLMs generated by the DCRA become the system's exit pupils. Exit pupils that are larger than the pupils of human eyes are arranged to locate at the position of observer's eyes. Therefore, the dimension of the SLM will not limit the viewing angle, although the pixel pitch of the SLM still limits the maximum field of view. For the laser light source, the resolution of the images can achieve 3 arc minutes when the distance between images and DCRA is less than 20 cm. The full-color display function is also performed in the proposed device.

2.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34679608

RESUMO

(1) Background: We used four-dimensional phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (4D PC-MRI) to evaluate the impact of an endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) on aortic dissection. (2) Methods: A total of 10 patients received 4D PC-MRI on a 1.5-T MR both before and after TEVAR. (3) Results: The aortas were repaired with either a GORE TAG Stent (Gore Medical; n = 7) or Zenith Dissection Endovascular Stent (Cook Medical; n = 3). TEVAR increased the forward flow volume of the true lumen (TL) (at the abdominal aorta, p = 0.047). TEVAR also reduced the regurgitant fraction in the TL at the descending aorta but increased it in the false lumen (FL). After TEVAR, the stroke distance increased in the TL (at descending and abdominal aorta, p = 0.018 and 0.015), indicating more effective blood transport per heartbeat. Post-stenting quantitative flow revealed that the reductions in stroke volume, backward flow volume, and absolute stroke volume were greater when covered stents were used than when bare stents were used in the FL of the descending aorta. Bare stents had a higher backward flow volume than covered stents did. (4) Conclusions: TEVAR increased the stroke volume in the TL and increased the regurgitant fraction in the FL in patients with aortic dissection.

3.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aging face is characterized by skin laxity and volume loss. Attenuation of facial retaining ligaments significantly contributes to skin sagginess and soft tissue volume loss. AIMS: We designed a prospective cohort study to quantitatively assess the efficacy of hyaluronic acid (HA) with adjunct poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) injections in strengthening the retaining ligaments. PATIENTS/METHODS: A total of 12 Asian women were treated with HA injections to the orbital, zygomatic, buccal-maxillary, and mandibular retaining ligaments with adjunct supraperiosteal and subdermal PLLA injections to the temporal region, midface, and lower face. Cephalometric measurements were done before treatment and 2, 4, 12, and 24 weeks post-procedurally. RESULTS: Eyebrow peak and tail angles increased 20.0° ± 3.8° to 21.0° ± 3.8° (p < 0.05) and -2.9° ± 4.2° to -1.3° ± 3.3° (p < 0.001) at week 12. Eyebrow-to-orbital-rim distance increased 1.9 ± 2.0 mm to 3.9 ± 1.5 mm (p < 0.001) at week 12. Eyebrow-to-upper-eyelid distance increased 11.6 ± 3.0 mm to 12.7 ± 3.2 mm (p < 0.001) at week 24. Eyebrow-peak-to-lateral-limbus distance decreased 6.1 ± 3.1 mm to 5.3 ± 2.4 mm (p < 0.05) at week 4. Tragus-oral-commissure length and lower-facial-contouring length decreased 281 ± 11 mm to 275 ± 10 mm (p < 0.01) and 297 ± 14 to 292 ± 11 mm (p < 0.05) at week 12, respectively. CONCLUSION: Hyaluronic acid injection for strengthening of facial retaining ligaments with adjunct PLLA is viable, safe, and effective in facial rejuvenation as supported by quantitative data.

4.
J Pers Med ; 11(9)2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34575634

RESUMO

Imaging characteristics of stasis leg ulcers (SLUs) are not easily demonstrated through existing diagnostic tools. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial. This pilot study was conducted to assess the quantitative flow (QFlow) in triggered angiography noncontrast enhanced (TRANCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to identify the hemodynamics of victims with stasis leg ulcers (SLUs). This study included 33 patients with SLUs and 14 healthy controls (HC). The 33 patients with SLUs were divided into a reflux (15 patients) and a nonreflux group (18 patients). QFlow was done in the reflux, the nonreflux, and the HC. The stroke volume (SV), forward flow volume (FFV), absolute flow volume (AFV), mean flow (MF), and mean velocity (MV) were higher in the reflux than in the HC group in most segments, namely the external iliac vein (EIV), popliteal vein (PV), and great saphenous vein (GSV) (SV, p = 0.008; FFV, p = 0.008; absolute stroke volume (ASV), p = 0.008; MF, p = 0.002; MV, p = 0.009). No differences in the QFlow patterns were found in the GSV segment between the nonreflux group and the HC. Excellent performance in discriminating SLU with superficial venous reflux was reported for SV in the EIV and the PV (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.851 and 0.872), FFV in the EIV and PV (AUC = 0.854 and 0.869), ASV in the EIV and PV (AUC = 0.848 and 0.881), and MF in the EIV and PV (AUC = 0.866 and 0.868). The cutoff levels of SV/FFV/ASV/MF in the EIV/FV/PV/GSV for discriminating the SLU with superficial venous reflux were identified (p < 0.005). In conclusion, SLUs present different QFlow patterns by different etiology. The QFlow parameters of all vessel segments were higher in the morbid limbs of the reflux group than HC. The GSV segment of the nonreflux group displayed a pattern like the HC.

5.
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng ; PP2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495826

RESUMO

Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a noninvasive imaging technology used to reconstruct the conductivity distribution in objects and the human body. In recent years, numerous EIT systems and image reconstruction algorithms have been developed. However, most of these EIT systems require conventional electrodes with conductive gels (wet electrodes) and cannot be adapted to different body types, resulting in limited applicability. In this study, a wearable wireless EIT belt with dry electrodes was designed to enable EIT imaging of the human body without using wet electrodes. The specific design of the belt mechanism and dry electrodes provide the advantages of easy wear and adaptation to different body sizes. Additionally, the GaussNewton method was used to optimize the EIT image. Finally, experiments were performed on the phantom and human body to validate the performance of the proposed EIT belt. The results demonstrate that the proposed system can provide accurate location information of the objects in the EIT image and the system can be successfully applied for noninvasive measurement of the human body.

6.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(8)2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34441041

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Compression of the common iliac veins (CIV) is not always associated with lower extremity symptoms. This study analyzed this issue from the perspective of patient venous blood flow changes using quantitative flow magnetic resonance imaging. Materials and Methods: After we excluded patients with active deep vein thrombosis, the mean flux (MF) and mean velocity (MV) of the popliteal vein, femoral vein, and external iliac vein (EIV) were compared between the left and right sides. Results: Overall, 26 of the patients had unilateral CIV compression, of which 16 patients had symptoms. No significant differences were noted in the MF or MV of the veins between the two sides. However, for the 10 patients without symptoms, the EIV MF of the compression side was significantly lower than the EIV MF of the non-compression side (p = 0.04). The receiver operating characteristic curve and chi-squared analyses showed that when the percentage difference of EIV MF between the compression and non-compression sides was ≤-18.5%, the relative risk of associated lower extremity symptoms was 0.44 (p = 0.016). Conclusions: If a person has compression of the CIV, a decrease in EIV blood flow rate on the compression side reduces the rate of symptom occurrence.


Assuntos
Veia Femoral , Veia Ilíaca , Humanos , Veia Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Veia Cava Inferior
7.
J Reconstr Microsurg ; 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34454410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Various studies have discussed the benefits of applying three-dimensional (3D) techniques, specifically its advantages with respect to ergonomics, feasibility, and the rate of learning achievable in microsurgery training. However, no study has been conducted that compares the operator experience of using two-dimensional (2D) and 3D systems in microsurgical training. The aim of this study is to compare 2D- and 3D-assisted microsurgical training in novices based on anastomosis of chicken femoral arteries. METHODS: The participants were grouped by previous microsurgical experience. Group A includes novice participants. Group B includes 2D-experienced participants. Group C includes both participants in groups A and B. A questionnaire composed of 10 parameters in the field of image quality, dexterity, ergonomic, and feasibility will be filled out after each participant finished their anastomoses by the 2D and 3D systems. RESULTS: The results demonstrated 3D system was scored better on "field of view" (p = 0.004), "less tremor" (p = 0.005), "neck/upper back comfort" (p = 0.043), "lower back comfort" (p = 0.015), "technical feasibility" (p = 0.020), and "educational feasibility" (p = 0.004) in group A (N = 12). In group B (N = 9), 3D system was scored better on "field of view" (p = 0.041) but worse on "image resolution" (p = 0.031). CONCLUSION: With the 3D visualization system for microsurgical anastomosis of chicken femoral model, there are significant improvements in the field of view, stability, ergonomics, and educational value compared with 2D system among all participants. Accordingly, 3D-assisted microsurgery training can be a novel and potential popular training method.

8.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(8)2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34441326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Venous interventions of the legs are less predictable owing to a lock of objective tools. METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients with lower extremity venous disease were evaluated anatomically using TRANCE MRI. Then, a QFlow analysis was performed in 53 patients with only one leg affected for hemodynamic evaluation. Those patients with complete QFlow were classified into obstructive and nonobstructive. RESULTS: The QFlow-namely, stroke volume, forward flow volume, mean flux, stroke distance (SD), and mean velocity (MV) in the external iliac vein (EIV), femoral vein (FV), popliteal vein (PV), and great saphenous vein (GSV). The obstructed group had a shorter SD and lower MV in the EIV, EIV/FV, and GSV/PV (SD: p-values of 0.025, 0.05, and 0.043, respectively; MV: p-values of 0.02, 0.05, and 0.048, respectively). A good performance in discriminating obstructive venous disease was reported for SD in the EIV (area under the curve (AUC) = 67.9%, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 53.2-82.7%), EIV/FV (AUC = 72.4%, 95% CI = 58.2-86.5%), and GSV/PV (AUC = 67.9%, 95% CI = 51.7-84.1%). The SD in the EIV, EIV/FV, and GSV/PV had the ability to discriminate between obstructive and nonobstructive diseases (p-values of 0.025, 0.005, and 0.043). The MV in the EIV, EIV/FV, and GSV/PV had ability to discriminate between obstructive and nonobstructive venous diseases (p-values of 0.02, 0.005, and 0.048). CONCLUSIONS: The SD and MV were lower for obstructive than nonobstructive disease in the EIV.

9.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(8)2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34441432

RESUMO

Dark skin-type individuals have a greater tendency to have pigmentary disorders, among which melasma is especially refractory to treat and often recurs. Objective measurement of melanin amount helps evaluate the treatment response of pigmentary disorders. However, naked-eye evaluation is subjective to weariness and bias. We used a cellular resolution full-field optical coherence tomography (FF-OCT) to assess melanin features of melasma lesions and perilesional skin on the cheeks of eight Asian patients. A computer-aided detection (CADe) system is proposed to mark and quantify melanin. This system combines spatial compounding-based denoising convolutional neural networks (SC-DnCNN), and through image processing techniques, various types of melanin features, including area, distribution, intensity, and shape, can be extracted. Through evaluations of the image differences between the lesion and perilesional skin, a distribution-based feature of confetti melanin without layering, two distribution-based features of confetti melanin in stratum spinosum, and a distribution-based feature of grain melanin at the dermal-epidermal junction, statistically significant findings were achieved (p-values = 0.0402, 0.0032, 0.0312, and 0.0426, respectively). FF-OCT enables the real-time observation of melanin features, and the CADe system with SC-DnCNN was a precise and objective tool with which to interpret the area, distribution, intensity, and shape of melanin on FF-OCT images.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242169

RESUMO

Paired associative nerve stimulation (PANS) was proposed as a potential nerve rehabilitation treatment strategy. However, few relevant documents are available regarding the strategy, and only a few clinical studies have involved healthy people. To determine the feasibility of the neurorehabilitation treatment and to estimate the effect of PANS on nerve plasticity for individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI), a design combining repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) with trans-spinal electrical stimulation was developed for treating individuals with iSCI in this pilot case study. First, a novel PANS system with multiple stimulation modes was designed and verified with resistors and a metal coil as load. Then, the system was applied to three individuals with iSCI, and five types of paired associative stimulation was performed to confirm the feasibility of the system and determine the most effective treatment strategy. The preliminary result showed that 20-Hz rTMS combined with cathodal trans-spinal direct current stimulation (tsDCS) had the greatest effect on corticospinal excitability. Next, stimulations of 20-Hz rTMS (brain) and sham (spine) as well as sham (brain) and cathode tsDCS (spine) were administered to individuals with iSCI, and the results revealed that paired associative stimulation of brain and spine was more effective than only 20-Hz rTMS brain stimulation or cathodal tsDCS stimulation for corticospinal plasticity.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Neurológica , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Potencial Evocado Motor , Humanos , Plasticidade Neuronal , Medula Espinal , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/terapia , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana
11.
J Pers Med ; 11(5)2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34064318

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microvascular tissue transfer is a common reconstructive procedure. We designed a bioelectrical impedance assessment (BIA) system for quantitative analysis of tissue status. This study attempts to verify it through the animal model. METHODS: The flaps of the rat model were monitored by the BIA system. RESULTS: The BIA variation of the free flap in the rat after the vascular compromise was recorded. The non-vascular ligation limbs of the same rat served as a control group. The bio-impedance in the experimental group was larger than the control group. The bio-impedances of both the thigh/feet flaps in the experimental group were increased over time. In the thigh, the difference in bio-impedance from the control group was first detected at 10 kHz at the 3rd and last at 1 kHz at the 6th h, after vascular compromise. The same finding was observed in the feet. Compared with the control group, the bio-impedance ratio (1 kHz/20 kHz) of the experimental group decreased with time, while their variation tendencies in the thigh and feet were similar. CONCLUSIONS: The flap may be monitored by the BIA for vascular status.

12.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 11(6): 2388-2396, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34079709

RESUMO

Background: Cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) calculated by mean arterial pressure (MAP) minus intracranial pressure (ICP) is related to blood flow into the brain and reflects cerebral ischemia and oxygenation indirectly. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can assess cerebral ischemia and hypoxia non-invasively and has been widely used in neuroscience. However, the correlation between CPP and NIRS, and its potential application in traumatic brain injury, has seldom been investigated. Methods: We used a novel wireless NIRS system and commercial ICP and MAP devices to assess the trauma to rat brains using different impact intensity. The relationship between CPP and NIRS parameters with increasing impact strength were investigated. Results: The results showed that changes in CPP (∆CPP), oxy-hemoglobin {∆[HbO2]}, total-hemoglobin {∆[HbT]}, and deoxy-hemoglobin were inversely proportional to the increase in impact intensity, and the correlations between ∆CPP, NIRS parameters {∆[HbO2], and ∆[HbT]} were significant. Conclusions: The NIRS system can assess cerebral ischemia and oxygenation non-invasively and changes of HbO2 and HbT may be used as reference parameters to assess the level of CPP in an animal model of traumatic brain injury.

13.
Heliyon ; 7(4): e06877, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33981906

RESUMO

A prism device is utilized in this study for modifying the eye convergence to reduce eye accommodation and enhance the comfort in viewing 3D video. Without changing the contents of 3D films, it aims to apply the myosis, convergence, and accommodation visual triad of eyeballs viewing near distance to not change the eyeball pupillary distance when viewing 3D films. Without convergence, the discomfort caused by intraocular muscle contraction when viewing near distance is reduced. Such an effect of a small prism lens is also proven in this study. When viewing 3D films with 1.0△ lenses, the physiological accommodation reaction of eyes would reduce (the right eye decreases 65% and the left eye decreases 70%), revealing the decreasing tension of intraocular muscle. The subjective psychological evaluation result also shows that viewing 3D images with small prism lenses could enhance the comfort. The evaluation of optical simulation, physiological reaction, and mental fatigue proves that the small prism lens proposed in this study could actually improve the comfort in viewing 3D films.

15.
J Pers Med ; 11(4)2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33810500

RESUMO

Objectives: To find an objective diagnostic tool for the superficial veins in legs. Methods: This study included 137 patients who underwent TRANCE-MRI from 2017 to 2020 (IRB: 202001570B0). Among them, 53 with unilateral leg venous diseases underwent a QFlow scan and were classified into the reflux and non-reflux groups according to the status of the great saphenous veins. Results: The QFlow, namely stroke volume (SV), forward flow volume (FFV), mean flux (MF), stroke distance (SD), and mean velocity (MV) measured in the external iliac, femoral, popliteal, and great saphenous vein (GSV). The SV, FFV, SD, MF, SD, and MV in the GSV (morbid/non-morbid limbs) demonstrated a favorable ability to discriminate reflux from non-reflux in the ROC curve. The SD in the GSV and GSV/PV ratio (p = 0.049 and 0.047/cutoff = 86 and 117.1) and the MV in the EIV/FV ratio, GSV, and GSV/PV ratio (p = 0.035, 0.034, and 0.025/cutoff = 100.9, 86.1, and 122.9) exhibited the ability to discriminate between reflux and non-reflux group. The SD, MV, and FFV have better ability to discriminate a reflux from non-reflux group than the SV and MF. Conclusions: QFlow may be used to verify the reflux of superficial veins in the legs. An increasing GSV/PV ratio is a hallmark of reflux of superficial veins in the legs.

16.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 3874, 2021 02 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33594120

RESUMO

The sensitivity of pneumothorax diagnosis via handheld ultrasound is low, and there is no equipment suitable for use with life-threatening tension pneumothorax in a prehospital setting. This study proposes a novel technology involving optical fibers and near-infrared spectroscopy to assist in needle thoracostomy decompression. The proposed system via the optical fibers emitted dual wavelengths of 690 and 850 nm, allowing distinction among different layers of tissue in vivo. The fundamental principle is the modified Beer-Lambert law (MBLL) which is the basis of near-infrared tissue spectroscopy. Changes in optical density corresponding to different wavelengths (690 and 850 nm) and hemoglobin parameters (levels of Hb and HbO2) were examined. The Kruskal-Wallis H test was used to compare the differences in parameter estimates among tissue layers; all p-values were < 0.001 relevant to 690 nm and 850 nm. In comparisons of Hb and HbO2 levels relative to those observed in the vein and artery, all p-values were also < 0.001. This study proposes a new optical probe to assist needle thoracostomy in a swine model. Different types of tissue can be identified by changes in optical density and hemoglobin parameters. The aid of the proposed system may yield fewer complications and a higher success rate in needle thoracostomy procedures.

17.
Dermatol Surg ; 47(1): e10-e14, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271179

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Picosecond lasers appear to be effective and safe in treating pigmentation and photoaging disorders through laser-induced optical breakdown. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the feasibility of photorejuvenation using picosecond lasers with diffractive lens array (DLA) in patients with melasma. METHODS: Ten Asian (N = 10) women with melasma and Fitzpatrick skin Type IV were enrolled and treated using 755-nm picosecond alexandrite lasers with DLA. All individuals were assessed before treatment, and at 12, 20 weeks, and 1 year by post-hoc test on melasma area and severity index (MASI) and with VISIA Complexion Analysis System using percentile rank for measurement. RESULTS: The median participant age was 46.5 years. The average MASI continually and significantly (p < .05) decreased until the 1-year follow-up, with the photoaging characteristics, such as wrinkles and red areas improving simultaneously (p < .05). Spots, texture, pores, ultraviolet (UV) spots, brown spots, and porphyrins exhibited alleviation, but this improvement relapsed by the 1-year follow-up. No postinflammatory hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation occurred. CONCLUSION: In patients with melasma, picosecond laser treatment with DLA may alleviate pigmentation disorder and the related photoaging characteristics (e.g., wrinkled skin and increased vascularity), and the effects may be maintained for a long time. Nevertheless, post-treatment clinical visits every 3 to 6 months are recommended.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Melanose/radioterapia , Envelhecimento da Pele , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
Lasers Med Sci ; 36(3): 571-582, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32700050

RESUMO

The traditional needle cricothyroidotomy procedure is performed blindly without any medical equipment. Complications including posterior tracheal wall perforation, accidental vessel puncture, and missed tracheal puncture are reported. Therefore, we proposed a dual-wavelength fiber-optic technique based on the technique of near-infrared spectroscopy to assist operators performing needle cricothyroidotomy in a swine model. We embedded optical fibers in a 16-gauge intravenous needle catheter. Real-time data were displayed on an oscilloscope, and we used the program to analyze the data immediately. The change of optical density corresponding to 690-nm and 850-nm wavelengths and hemoglobin parameters (HbO2 and Hb concentrations) was analyzed immediately using the program in the laptop. Unique and significant optical differences were presented in this experiment. We could easily identify every different tissue by the change of optical density corresponding to 690-nm and 850-nm wavelengths and hemoglobin parameters (HbO2 and Hb concentrations). Statistical method (Kruskal-Wallis H test) was used to compare differences in tissues at each time-point, respectively. The p values in every tissue in optical density change corresponding to 690 nm and 850 nm were all < 0.001. Furthermore, the p values in every tissue in Hb and HbO2 were also all < 0.001. The results were statistically significant. This is the first and novel study to introduce a dual-wavelength embedded fibers into a standard cricothyroidotomy needle. This proposed system might be helpful to provide us real-time information of the advanced needle tip to decrease possible complications.


Assuntos
Tecnologia de Fibra Óptica , Músculos Laríngeos/patologia , Agulhas , Animais , Músculos Laríngeos/diagnóstico por imagem , Oxiemoglobinas/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Suínos , Traqueia/diagnóstico por imagem , Traqueia/fisiologia , Ultrassonografia
19.
Wound Repair Regen ; 29(1): 87-96, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047411

RESUMO

Acute and minor skin wounds are common in daily life. However, in clinical practice, after initial management in the acute phase, the wounds are managed mainly through observation, and the patients are usually lost to follow-up. Considering a multicomponent hydrolipidic dressing (MAS063DP) long-known for its safe application in eczema and recently in laser-induced wounds, we aimed to evaluate its ability in functional recovery of impaired skin integrity during wound healing. Sixteen patients (N = 16) were enrolled and completed (n = 8 vs n = 8) this prospective, open-label, vehicle-controlled clinical trial with 12-week follow-up. Transepidermal water, skin viscoelasticity and bioimpedance analysis were measured initially, at the 1st, 4th, 8th, and 12th weeks. Improvements in these parameters were greater in the MAS063DP group (from 31.4 ± 9.0 to 16.4 ± 4.3 g/m2 h, P < .001; from 77 ± 16% to 88 ± 9%, P < .05; from 4182 ± 3823 to 2644 ± 1772 Ω) than in the white petrolatum group. No significant adverse events occurred, and all participants were more satisfied with the intervention. In this study, MAS063DP can restore skin integrity and reinstitute physiologic function as a feasible and safe intervention more markedly than management through observation during the healing process by providing protective hydrolipidic layer on the skin with simultaneous anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities from its key ingredients such as glycyrrhetinic acid, Vitis vinifera, telmesteine, and vitamins C and E.

20.
Dermatology ; 237(5): 835-842, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33326964

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidermal grafting with an automatic harvesting system has been reported as a simple and efficacious procedure for stable vitiligo. However, no prospective cohort study has quantitatively evaluated the color matching and extent of repigmentation in the head and neck area by this method. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the color matching and extent of repigmentation after pixel array epidermal grafting by image analysis software and physicians' naked eye. METHODS: Ten Asian patients with head and neck vitiligo lesions stable for at least 6 months were treated with pixel array epidermal grafting with an automatic harvesting system and post-grafting phototherapy. The patients were evaluated 1, 3, and 6 months post grafting for the percentage of repigmentation by blinded physicians' assessment and image analysis software. The color matching index of repigmentation was evaluated by measuring the melanin index in the grafted area and the juxta non-vitiliginous area. RESULTS: The average blister harvest time was 46.3 ± 9.7 min. The area percentile of repigmentation by the image analysis software were 32.3 ± 26.8, 64.6 ± 29.4, and 76.5 ± 25.9 at 1, 3, and 6 months post grafting, respectively. There were no significant differences between the physicians' assessments and the results from the image analysis software. The change in the area percentile of repigmentation between 3 and 6 months post grafting was only statistically significant using image analysis software. The grafted area achieved a color match of 83.1 ± 13.4% that of the juxta non-vitiliginous area 6 months after grafting. Three patients had repigmentation of leukotrichia. CONCLUSION: By quantitative measurement, uniform pixel array micrografts provide a very good extent of repigmentation and color match in the head and neck area. Image analysis software revealed a steady increase in repigmentation after POM3 until POM6, which was not detected by subjective assessment.

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