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1.
Int Heart J ; 62(6): 1328-1331, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789646

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to explore the association of atrial fibrillation (AF) among physicians in Taiwan.We used Cox proportional hazards models to estimate the incidence rate and the adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to determine the risk of AF in the physician study cohort relative to the comparison cohort.A total of 22,479 physicians and 22,479 matched controls for comparison were included in the study. The Cox proportional hazard regression model revealed that male physician was associated with a trend toward increased risk of AF than nonphysician after adjusting for potential confounders (aHR, 1.05; 95% CI: 1.00-1.11). In age-specific analysis, male physicians aged ≤ 45 years showed the stronger association with AF (aHR, 1.33; 95% CI: 1.22-1.45). Further stratification with medical categories, surgeons had a significantly higher risk of AF than nonphysicians group (aHR, 1.28; 95% CI: 1.18-1.39).We reported a pivotal study that showed possible relation between physician specialists and AF in the large cohort.

2.
Knee ; 33: 351-357, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749127

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proximal tibiofibular joint (PTFJ) instability is uncommon, resulting from violent twisting motions of the flexed knee during sport activities. No known image variables functionally relate the degrees of PTFJ instability. OBJECTIVE: This study used ultrasound imaging to quantify the discrimination threshold for PTFJ instability and relevant functional significances. METHODS: Twenty patients (mean age: 42.7 (21-59) years) with chronic PTFJ instability participated in this study. Along with the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS),the tibiofibular distances of the affected and unaffected knees were estimated with ultrasonography in the four standardized conditions at 90° of flexion of the hip and knee, including neutrally relaxed position, passive internal rotation, passive external rotation, and forceful flexion of the knee joint. RESULTS: During forceful knee flexion, the absolute tibiofibular distance in the affected leg (28.1 ± 4.0 mm) was greater than the unaffected leg (25.1 ± 3.7 mm). Relative changes in tibiofibular distance (RTFD) were different for both legs (affected leg:3.9 ± 2.7 mm; unaffected leg:1.0 ± 1.4 mm) (P < 0.001). The area under the receiver operator characteristic curve for the RTFD was a potent predictor of PTFJ instability (84.5%) with specificity of 95% and sensitivity of 65%. Patients with RTFD greater than 2.95 mm exhibited higher scores on the KOOS subscales of pain (P = 0.043) and quality of life (P = 0.009). CONCLUSION: Ultrasonic measurement of the tibiofibular distance under forceful knee flexion is clinically valuable for diagnosing PTFJ instability with functional significance.

3.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 17: 3255-3266, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764650

RESUMO

Background: Depression is one of the most disabling disorders, which causes long-term complications such as neurodegenerative disorder and cerebrovascular disease. Some patients with depression seek acupuncture treatment. We aimed to investigate the association between acupuncture treatment and the risk of dementia in patients with depression from the perspective of real-world evidence. Methods: Patients over 18 years old and newly diagnosed with depression between 1997 and 2010 were selected from the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database and followed up until the end of 2013. Propensity score was used to match equal numbers of patients 1:1 (N = 16,609 per group) into acupuncture and non-acupuncture cohorts based on characteristics including sex, age, baseline comorbidity and drug use. The outcome measurement was the comparison of dementia incidence in the two cohorts. Results: Compared with the non-acupuncture cohort, patients who received acupuncture treatment had a decreased risk of dementia (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) = 0.54; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.50-0.58, P < 0.001) after adjustment for age, sex, comorbidities and drug use. Compared with depression patients who did not receive acupuncture, the aHR of vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease incidences for patients who had acupuncture therapy was 0.59 (95% CI 0.48-0.71) and 0.51 (95% CI 0.39-0.67), respectively. The cumulative incidence of dementia was significantly lower in the acupuncture cohort than in the non-acupuncture cohort (Log rank test, p < 0.001). Conclusion: The present study from real-world data revealed that acupuncture reduced the risk of dementia in depression patients, which supports healthcare decisions in clinical practice.

4.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 741719, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803911

RESUMO

Background: An association between thyroid disease and tinnitus has been described previously but further longitudinal, population-based studies are limited. Objective: To investigate the incidence of tinnitus in patients with hyperthyroidism in a national sample, and to identify risk level and associated factors for tinnitus in hyperthyroidism patients. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Patient data were collected from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database (LHID 2000), which includes national claims data of patient expenditures for admissions or ambulatory care from 1996 to 2011. Setting: Taiwan hospitals and clinics providing healthcare nationwide. Participants: Patients aged 20 years and older with newly diagnosed hyperthyroidism (ICD-9-CM code 242) between 2000-2010 were selected as the study cohort. Hyperthyroidism patient cohort were identified from the LHID2000. Those with tinnitus history (ICD-9-CM code 388.3) before the index date (first hyperthyroidism diagnosis), younger than 20 years, and with incomplete demographic data were excluded. The non-hyperthyroidism cohort included patients with no history of hyperthyroidism and no documented tinnitus. Main Outcomes and Measures: Incidence of tinnitus was the primary outcome. Baseline demographic factors and comorbidities possibly associated with tinnitus, including age, sex, and comorbidities of hearing loss, vertigo, insomnia and anxiety, were retrieved from the LHID 2000. Patients were followed until end of 2011. Results: During the study period, 780 (4.9%) hyperthyroidism patients and 2007 (3.2%) non-hyperthyroidism controls developed tinnitus. Incidence rate of tinnitus in the hyperthyroidism cohort was significantly higher in hyperthyroidism cohort (7.86 vs. 5.05 per 1000 person-years) than that in non-hyperthyroidism cohort. A higher proportion of patients with hyperthyroidism had comorbid insomnia (45.1% vs. 30.9%) and anxiety (14.0% vs. 5.73%) than those without hyperthyroidism. After adjusting for age, gender and comorbidities (vertigo, insomnia, anxiety, hearing loss), hyperthyroidism patients had 1.38-fold higher risk of tinnitus (95% CI = 1.27-1.50) than those without hyperthyroidism. Conclusions: This large population-based study suggests patients with diagnosed hyperthyroidism was more prone to develop tinnitus. Our findings suggest evaluation for comorbid vertigo, insomnia, anxiety and/or hearing loss may identify patients who are at high risk of developing tinnitus in patients with hyperthyroidism.

5.
PLoS One ; 16(11): e0259942, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818359

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Infection, chronic pain and depression are considered risk factors for herpes zoster (HZ). However, the correlation between plantar fascial fibromatosis (PFF) and HZ remains unknown. This study investigated HZ risk in patients with PFF. METHODS: Data was extracted from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000, which is a subsample of the Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI) Research Database and contains 1 million NHI beneficiaries. Between 2000 and 2012, patients diagnosed as having PFF were included in the case cohort. Every case was age and sex-matched with individuals without PFF through 1:4 frequency matching (control cohort). The end of the follow-up was defined as December 31, 2013, the date of HZ diagnosis, death, emigration, or withdrawal from the NHI program. RESULTS: In total, 4,729 patients were diagnosed as having PFF and were matched with 18,916 individuals without PFF. Patients with PFF were 1.23 times more likely to develop HZ than were those without PFF. Among those aged ≥65 years, patients with PFF had a higher HZ risk than did those without PFF (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] = 1.48). Men with PFF had a significantly higher risk of HZ than did men without PFF (aHR = 1.44). CONCLUSION: Patients with PFF, particularly older and male patients, having a high HZ risk and may thus be vaccinated for HZ.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770192

RESUMO

Periodontitis is the most prevalent chronic inflammatory oral disease that is characterized by tooth loss and is commonly associated with several systemic inflammatory diseases. Some epidemiological studies suggest that those suffering from periodontitis might be at a greater risk of developing gastric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection; however, evidence that showing the association between periodontitis and the risk of gastric Hp infection is less clear. We conducted a large-scale, population-based study in Taiwan with a 13-year follow-up period to evaluate the risk of gastric Hp in a periodontitis patient cohort. To conduct this study, we used epidemiological data from the Taiwanese Longitudinal National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) from 2000 to 2013. We selected 134,474 participants (64,868 males and 69,606 females with a minimum age of 20 years), with and without periodontitis, and matched patient cohort groups for age, sex, index year, and co-morbidities. The Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to examine the risk of gastric Hp infection in patients with periodontitis. Patients with periodontitis exhibited a higher risk of developing gastric Hp infection compared to those individuals/groups without periodontitis (1.35 vs. 0.87 per 1000 person-years, adjusted the hazards ratio (aHR 1.52), and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) 1.38-1.67, p < 0.001). The risk of gastric Hp infection persisted even after stratifying by age (aHR = 1.96 (1.79-2.13) for 50-64 years and 1.70 (1.49-1.94) for ≥65 years), gender (aHR = 1.20 (1.11-1.29) for men), and presence of comorbidities of hypertension (aHR = 1.24 (1.11-1.38)), hyperlipidemia (aHR = 1.28 (1.14-1.42)), COPD (aHR = 1.45 (1.31-1.61)), CLD (aHR = 1.62 (1.47-1.77)) and CKD (aHR = 1.44 (1.04-1.99)). Overall, our findings showed that periodontitis patients have a greater risk for gastric Hp than individuals without periodontitis. Clinicians should perform regular good oral hygiene practices, along with newer treatments, for patients with periodontitis, especially those at higher risk of gastric Hp infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Periodontite , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Feminino , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Infecções por Helicobacter/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0259153, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34705851

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the effects of statins and steroids on the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and stroke in patients with interstitial lung disease and pulmonary fibrosis (ILD-PF). METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled patients with ILD-PF who were using statins (statin cohort, N = 11,567) and not using statins (nonstatin cohort, N = 26,159). Cox proportional regression was performed to analyze the cumulative incidence of CAD and stroke. Adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of CAD and stroke were determined after sex, age, and comorbidities, as well as the use of inhaler corticosteroids (ICSs), oral steroids (OSs), and statins, were controlled for. RESULTS: Compared with those of patients without statin use, the aHRs (95% CIs) of patients with statin use for CAD and ischemic stroke were 0.72 (0.65-0.79) and 0.52 (0.38-0.72), respectively. For patients taking single-use statins but not ICSs/OSs, the aHRs (95% CIs) for CAD and ischemic stroke were 0.72 (0.65-0.79)/0.69 (0.61-0.79) and 0.54 (0.39-0.74)/0.50 (0.32-0.79), respectively. For patients using ICSs/OSs, the aHRs (95% CIs) for CAD and ischemic stroke were 0.71 (0.42-1.18)/0.74 (0.64-0.85) and 0.23 (0.03-1.59)/0.54 (0.35-0.85), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The findings demonstrate that statin use, either alone or in combination with OS use, plays an auxiliary role in the management of CAD and ischemic stroke in patients with ILD-PF.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , Fibrose Pulmonar/complicações , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle
9.
Postgrad Med J ; 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663633

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This is a nationwide-based retrospective study aiming to compare the three different scoring systems (CHA2DS2-VASc, C2HEST and HAVOC scores) in the prediction of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with rheumatological disease. METHODS: We used the Fine and Gray model to estimate the risk of AF (subhazard ratio and 95% CI). The predictive accuracy and discriminatory ability of the predictive model were evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: Among the three predictive models, the model using CHA2DS2-VASc score had the better discriminative ability with an ROC of 0.79. The model with C2HEST score had an ROC of 0.78. The discriminative ability of the HAVOC score was 0.77, estimated by ROC. CONCLUSION: We concluded the CHA2DS2-VASc score has better performance in predicting AF compared with C2HEST score or HAVOC score.

10.
Ital J Pediatr ; 47(1): 202, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627353

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence suggesting that air pollution may act as an important environmental risk factor in the development and aggravation of childhood atopic dermatitis (AD). METHODS: We collected data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI) research database and linked the data to the Taiwan Air Quality-Monitoring Database. From January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2012; children aged below 18 years were selected from the database and followed longitudinally until the diagnosis of AD, withdrawal from the NHI, or December 31, 2012. Children with missing data or those diagnosed with AD before enrolment in this study were excluded. We measured the incidence rate and hazard ratios (HRs) for AD and stratified them by quartiles (Q1-Q4) of air pollutant concentration. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were also applied by adjusting for age, sex, monthly income, and level of urbanization. RESULTS: When compared with the concentrations of pollutants in the Q1 quartile, the adjusted HR for AD increased with an increase in the exposure concentrations of total hydrocarbons (THCs), non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs), and methane (CH4) from 1.65 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.47-1.84) to 10.6 (95% CI: 5.85-7.07), from 1.14 (95% CI: 1.06-1.24) to 2.47 (95% CI: 2.29-2.66), and from 1.70 (95% CI: 1.52-1.89) to 11.9 (95% CI: 10.8-13.1), respectively. Patients exposed to higher levels of THCs, NMHCs, and CH4 exhibited greater incidence rates of childhood AD. CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrated that exposure to higher concentrations of THCs, NMHCs, and CH4 were associated with an increased risk of childhood AD.

11.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 424, 2021 10 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641888

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between exposure to air pollution and sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) has not been extensively discussed in the literature. Therefore, we conducted this nationwide study to evaluate the risk of SSNHL in Taiwanese residents with exposure to air pollution. METHODS: We enrolled subjects aged older than 20 years with no history of SSNHL from 1998 to 2010, and followed up until developing SSNHL, withdrawn from the National Health Insurance program, and the end of the database (2011/12/31). The air quality data are managed by Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration. The annual concentrations of PM2.5, SO2, CO, NO, and NO2 from 1998 to 2010 were classified into the three levels according to tertiles. We calculated the annual average of pollutants from baseline until the end of the study, and classified into tertiles. The adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) was estimated by using the multivariate Cox proportional hazard model. RESULTS: When considered continuous air pollutants concentration, subjects who exposed with higher concentration of CO (aHR = 2.16, 95% CI 1.50-3.11), NO (aHR = 1.02, 95% CI 1.01-1.03), and NO2 (aHR = 1.02, 95% CI 1.01-1.04) developing significant higher risk of SSNHL. When classified air pollutants concentration into low, moderate and high level by tertiles, and selected low level as reference, patients exposed with moderate (aHR = 1.56, 95% CI 1.20-2.04) or high level (aHR = 1.33, 95% CI 1.01-1.75) of PM2.5 showed significant higher risk of developing SSNHL. CONCLUSION: This study indicated an increased risk of SSNHL in residents with long-term exposure to air pollution. Nevertheless, further experimental, and clinical studies are needed to validate the study findings.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial , Perda Auditiva Súbita , Idoso , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/induzido quimicamente , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/epidemiologia , Humanos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco
12.
BMJ Open ; 11(10): e047039, 2021 10 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635513

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of statins on risk of cancer in patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) and pulmonary fibrosis. SETTING: We retrospectively enrolled patients with ILD and pulmonary fibrosis and divided them into two cohorts by statin use (statin users (n=10 036) and statin non-users (n=10 036)). PARTICIPANTS: We selected patients with ILD and pulmonary fibrosis (N=53 862) from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. Time-dependent Cox models were used to compare risk of cancer of propensity-matched statin users and non-users. Cumulative cancer incidence was analysed through Cox proportional regression. We calculated adjusted HRs (aHRs) and their 95% CIs for cancer after adjusting for sex, age, comorbidities, and use of inhaled corticosteroids, oral steroids and statins. RESULTS: Compared with statin non-users, the aHRs (95% CIs) for statin users were 0.60 (0.55 to 0.65) for cancer, 0.52 (0.35 to 0.78) for haematological malignancy, 0.52 (0.38 to 0.72) for cancer of the head and neck, 0.73 (0.59 to 0.89) for colorectal cancer, 0.34 (0.26 to 0.43) for liver cancer, 0.39 (0.23 to 0.67) for pancreatic cancer, 0.40 (0.17 to 0.96) for skin cancer, 0.67 (0.52 to 0.87) for breast cancer, 0.27 (0.14 to 0.54) for cervical cancer, 0.37 (0.30 to 0.46) for other immunological cancers, 0.73 (0.54 to 0.98) for bladder/kidney cancer and 0.88 (0.71 to 1.09) for lung cancer. CONCLUSION: Statin use is associated with lower risk of cancer in the ILD and pulmonary fibrosis cohort.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Neoplasias , Fibrose Pulmonar , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Incidência , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 731370, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658871

RESUMO

Objective: The study aimed to thoroughly address the influence of benzbromarone and allopurinol on the risk of the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in people with asymptomatic hyperuricemia. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to examine the 2000-2015 national dataset containing all claims data of 23 million beneficiaries in Taiwan. Subjects who already had diabetes mellitus, gout-related diseases, and any cancer prior to the index date were excluded. Asymptomatic hyperuricemia was defined as subjects taking urate-lowering drugs who never had a gout flare. Subjects aged 20-84 with asymptomatic hyperuricemia who had benzbromarone prescriptions were selected as the benzbromarone group. Sex-matched and age-matched subjects with asymptomatic hyperuricemia who had allopurinol prescriptions were identified as the allopurinol group. The maximum follow-up duration was set as 5 years in our study. The outcome was set as subjects who had a new diagnosis of T2DM. The incidence density of T2DM was calculated in the benzbromarone and allopurinol groups. The hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for T2DM was utilized to estimate the association between medications and the risk of T2DM. Results: The incidence of T2DM among benzbromarone users was significantly lower than that of allopurinol users (7.91 versus 8.48 per 100 person-years, incidence rate ratio = 0.93, and 95% CI = 0.87-0.99). After adjustment for co-variables, the adjusted HR of T2DM would be 0.91 (95% CI = 0.85-0.98 and p = 0.008) in benzbromarone users as compared to allopurinol users. Conclusion: There is a small but statistically significant risk reduction of developing T2DM in people with asymptomatic hyperuricemia taking benzbromarone as compared to those taking allopurinol during 5 years of follow-up. It indicates a future research direction for the use of individual urate-lowering drugs on the prevention of T2DM in the general population.

14.
Biomed Phys Eng Express ; 8(1)2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34700306

RESUMO

Objective. Vertebrae models from computer tomographic (CT) imaging are extensively used in image-guided surgical systems to deliver percutaneous orthopaedic operations with minimum risks, but patients may be exposed to excess radiation from the pre-operative CT scans. Generating vertebrae models from intra-operative x-rays for image-guided systems can reduce radiation exposure to the patient, and the surgeons can acquire the vertebrae's relative positions during the operation; therefore, we proposed a lumbar vertebrae reconstruction method from biplanar x-rays.Approach. Non-stereo-corresponding vertebral landmarks on x-rays were identified as targets for deforming a set of template vertebrae; the deformation was formulated as a minimisation problem, and was solved using the augmented Lagrangian method. Mean surface errors between the models reconstructed using the proposed method and CT scans were measured to evaluate the reconstruction accuracy.Main results. The evaluation yielded mean errors of 1.27 mm and 1.50 mm inin vitroexperiments on normal vertebrae and pathological vertebrae, respectively; the outcomes were comparable to other template-based methods.Significance. The proposed method is a viable alternative to provide digital lumbar to be used in image-guided systems, where the models can be used as a visual reference in surgical planning and image-guided applications in operations where the reconstruction error is within the allowable surgical error.

15.
Postgrad Med ; : 1-7, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689679

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) in patients with breast cancer can adversely cause the heart to receive some radiation doses, which may lead to cardiovascular diseases. The results of previous research regarding this issue are not consistent. Therefore, we conducted a nationwide population-based study in Taiwan to evaluate whether adjuvant RT for breast cancer patients increased the risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study examined data from the National Health Insurance Research Database, Registry for Catastrophic Illness Patients, and Taiwan Cancer Registry Database. We identified 83,733 patients with breast cancer between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2017. Individuals without breast cancer from the general population were frequency-matched by age and index year with individuals with breast cancer. Participants were followed until the occurrence of a CHD event, the end of follow-up, or patient record removal due to death or withdrawal from the NHI. A Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was conducted to compare the risk of CHD in breast cancer patients with that in patients in the comparison cohort. RESULTS: Compared to breast cancer patients without RT, those who underwent RT had a similar risk of subsequently developing CHD (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.94; 95% confidence interval, 0.87-1.02). Similar results were observed in a subgroup of patients with left-sided breast cancer. However, among patients who received adjuvant RT, those with left-sided breast cancer had a significantly higher risk of CHD than did those with right-sided breast cancer (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.17; 95% confidence interval, 1.04-1.30). Patients who received RT in 2010 or later had a significantly lower risk of CHD compared with those who received RT before 2010 (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.64; 95% confidence interval, 0.45-0.91). Higher prescribed doses of RT to the left-sided breast did not correspond to a higher risk of CHD. CONCLUSION: This large, nationwide cohort study suggests that adjuvant RT in patients with breast cancer did not increase the risk of CHD.

16.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257531, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of antibiotics for treating infection in childhood and their association with increased risk of asthma remain controversial. Infants diagnosed with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) belong to a unique population who are administered antibiotics for a long time and are susceptible to recurrent UTI. It is interesting to study the risk of asthma in these infants with or without VUR. METHODS: Taiwanese children born between 2000 and 2007 were enrolled in population-based birth cohort study. Participants diagnosed with VUR and UTI within first year were classified into four groups (VUR, UTI, VUR and UTI, and control). We calculated follow-up person-years for each participant from the index date until the asthma diagnosis, their withdrawal from the insurance system (because of death or loss to follow-up), or till the end of 2008. The risk of asthma was compared between the 4 cohorts by using Cox proportional hazards model analysis, adjusted hazard ratio (aHR), and 95% confidence interval (95% CI). RESULTS: Children diagnosed with VUR (n = 350), UTI (n = 15542), VUR and UTI (n = 1696), and randomly selected controls (n = 17588) were enrolled. The overall rate of incidence of asthma was found to be 1.64-fold, 1.45-fold, and 1.17-fold higher in the UTI, VUR/UTI, and VUR cohorts than in the controls (5.60, 5.07, and 4.10 vs. 3.17 per 100 person-years), respectively. After adjusting the potential factors, the overall risk of asthma remained the highest in UTI (aHR: 1.74, 95% CI : 1.65 to 1.80) followed by VUR/UTI (aHR: 1.56, 95% CI : 1.40 to 1.75) and VUR cohorts (aHR: 1.25, 95% CI: 0.96 to 1.62). The incidence of asthma was higher in boys than in girls. CONCLUSION: The nationwide retrospective cohort study demonstrated that short-term therapeutic dose of antibiotics for UTI in infants with or without VUR has a positive correlation with the prevalence of childhood asthma. Significant risk of childhood asthma was not observed when VUR cohort was exposed to long-term low-dose of prophylactic antibiotics.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Asma/diagnóstico , Infecções Urinárias/diagnóstico , Refluxo Vesicoureteral/diagnóstico , Asma/epidemiologia , Asma/etiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Masculino , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Infecções Urinárias/complicações , Infecções Urinárias/tratamento farmacológico , Refluxo Vesicoureteral/complicações
17.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18605, 2021 09 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545155

RESUMO

Increased prevalence of sleep disorders has been found in patients with functional dyspepsia; however, direction of causality remains unclear. Our aim was to compare the risk of incident functional dyspepsia between patients with and without sleep disturbance from a large population-based sample. Utilizing a nation-wide health insurance administrative dataset, we assembled an 11-year historic cohort study to compare subsequent incidence of diagnosed functional dyspepsia between adult patients with any diagnosis of sleep disturbance and age- and gender-matched controls. Hazard ratios adjusted for other relevant comorbidities and medications were calculated using Cox regression models. 45,310 patients with sleep disorder and 90,620 controls were compared. Patients with sleep apnea had a 3.3-fold (95% confidence interval: 2.82 ~ 3.89) increased hazard of functional dyspepsia compared with controls. This increased risk persisted regardless of previously diagnosed depression coexisted. Sleep disturbance was associated with an increased risk of subsequent functional dyspepsia. Potential mechanisms are discussed.


Assuntos
Dispepsia/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Comorbidade , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Risco , Fatores Sexuais
18.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 584322, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34568351

RESUMO

Background: The objective of this study is to investigate the occurrence of herpes zoster (HZ) in patients with endometriosis. Methods: This retrospective population-based cohort study was conducted using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Between 2000 and 2012, women aged ≥20 years with newly diagnosed endometriosis were enrolled into the endometriosis group. Each patient with endometriosis was randomly matched to 4 controls according to age and index year. All the patients were traced from the index date to HZ diagnosis, loss to follow-up, death, or the end of December 2013. Results: In total, 19,147 patients with newly diagnosed endometriosis and 76,588 participants without endometriosis were enrolled. The incidence of HZ was higher in endometriosis persons (5.36 per 1,000 person-years) than in matched controls (4.43 per 1,000 person-years) (p < 0.001). After adjustment for age and comorbidities, patients with endometriosis age ≤ 49 years (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] = 1.17) (p < 0.001) and 50-64 years (aHR = 1.27) (p < 0.05) showed significantly higher risk of HZ than the corresponding controls. Among women without any comorbidities, patients with endometriosis were 1.22 times (p < 0.001) more likely to have HZ than those without endometriosis. Conclusion: Taiwanese women with endometriosis may have a higher rate of HZ occurrence. Endometriosis seems to be a high burden for affected women. Therefore, we suggest that clinicians should be aware of HZ among women with endometriosis, although there may be ethnic differences.

19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(38): e27239, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559122

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: There is a lack of evidence supporting the association between carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning and acute kidney injury (AKI). Hence, the present study aimed to evaluate the association between CO poisoning and AKI.From 2000 to 2011, we identified patients diagnosed with CO poisoning from the inpatient claims data. Patients aged below 20 years, who had a history of chronic kidney disease or end-stage renal disease before the index date and had incomplete medical information were excluded. Control patients without CO poisoning were randomly selected from all National Health Insurance beneficiaries, and the same exclusion criteria were used. The control group was frequency matched to patients with CO poisoning based on age, sex, and year of CO poisoning diagnosis. Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were conducted to assess the effects of CO poisoning on the risk of AKI. The hazard ratios and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated in the models.Compared with the control cohort, patients with severe CO poisoning were 3.77 times more likely to develop AKI (95% CI = 2.20-6.46), followed by those with less severe CO poisoning (adjusted hazard ratio = 2.21, 95% CI = 1.61-3.03).The findings of this nationwide study suggest an increased risk of AKI in patients with CO poisoning.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono/complicações , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono/epidemiologia , Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia
20.
Front Neurol ; 12: 658582, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34539539

RESUMO

Objective: Stroke in young adults is uncommon, and the etiologies and risk factors of stroke in young adults differ from those in older populations. Smoker's paradox is an unexpected favorable outcome, and age difference is used to explain the association between smoking and the favorable functional outcome. This study aimed to investigate the existence of this phenomenon in young stroke patients. Methods: We analyzed a total of 9,087 young stroke cases registered in the nationwide stroke registry system of Taiwan between 2006 and 2016. Smoking criteria included having a current history of smoking more than one cigarette per day for more than 6 months. After matching for sex and age, a Cox model was used to compare mortality and function outcomes between smokers and non-smokers. Results: Compared with the non-smoker group, smoking was associated with older age, higher comorbidities, and higher alcohol consumption. Patients who report smoking with National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores of 11-15 had a worse functional outcome (adjusted odds ratio, 0.81; 95% confidence interval, 0.76 - 0.87). Conclusion: Smokers had a higher risk of unfavorable functional outcomes at 3 months after stroke, and therefore, we continue to strongly advocate the importance of smoking cessation.

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