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1.
J Mater Chem B ; 2022 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35670467

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that can significantly impact the quality of human life. Various drug treatments are available; however, due to their long-term severe side effects the usage of these drugs is limited. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been clinically approved for skin diseases due to its non-invasive nature. We present novel NNO-tridentate vanadium(IV) complexes used in PDT for anti-inflammatory effects in an imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like skin disease mouse model. The vanadium(IV) complexes (1-4) were synthesized using the NNO-tridentate ligand with a benzo[i]dipyrido[3,2-a;2',3'-c]phenazine (dppn) moiety, and were characterized by UV/Visible spectroscopy, EPR spectroscopy, NMR (1H, and 13C) spectroscopy, electrospray ionization mass (ESI-MS) spectrometry and cyclic voltammetry (CV) studies. The photocytotoxicity of vanadium(IV) complexes (1-4) was low under dark conditions and complex (4) showed remarkable photocytotoxicity under blue light (430 nm, 8 W cm-2, 30 min) irradiation. Moreover, [VO(t-butylL)(dppn)] (4)-mediated PDT down-regulated inflammatory cytokines IL-17A and IL-22 in the psoriasis-like mouse model, which could evidence the significant relieving of the psoriatic-like symptoms in the mouse model. Overall, these results suggested that [VO(t-butylL)(dppn)] (4) could be a potential candidate for the treatment of psoriasis both in vitro and in vivo.

2.
Molecules ; 26(12)2021 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34203004

RESUMO

Green tea and its bioactive components, especially polyphenols, possess many health-promoting and disease-preventing benefits, especially anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticancer, and metabolic modulation effects with multi-target modes of action. However, the effect of tea polyphenols on immune function has not been well studied. Moreover, the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms mediating immunoregulation are not well understood. This review summarizes the recent studies on the immune-potentiating effects and corresponding mechanisms of tea polyphenols, especially the main components of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and (-)-epicatechin-3-gallate (ECG). In addition, the benefits towards immune-related diseases, such as autoimmune diseases, cutaneous-related immune diseases, and obesity-related immune diseases, have been discussed.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Imunidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Chá/química , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Produtos Biológicos/química , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Catequina/química , Catequina/farmacologia , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/química , Polifenóis/química
3.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 31: 127715, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33246109

RESUMO

The effects of 3 bufadienolides, namely kalantuboside B, kalantuboside A, and bryotoxin C, isolated from Kalanchoe tubiflora (Harvey) were evaluated and characterized in CL1-5 highly metastatic human lung cancer cells. In contrast to their apoptosis-promoting activity in other cancer cells, these bufadienolides only slight or did not induce apoptosis in CL1-5 cancer cells. Instead, they activated an autophagy pathway, as indicated by increased autophagosome formation. Autophagy induced by these bufadienolides was demonstrated to be linked to the down-regulation of p-mTOR and the up-regulation of LC3-II, ATG5, ATG7, and Beclin-1. Our findings revealed an autophagy as the alternative mechanism of drug action by bufadienolides in CL1-5 lung cancer cells and provided evidence that bufadienolides are a potential therapeutic strategy for highly metastatic human lung cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Bufanolídeos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Bufanolídeos/síntese química , Bufanolídeos/química , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Conformação Molecular , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
4.
Life (Basel) ; 10(12)2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33297350

RESUMO

Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) polymorphism and adipokines are linked to atherosclerosis. We aimed to investigate the associations of apoE genotypes with adipokines, inflammatory parameters, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. We enrolled 152 RA patients and 49 healthy control (HC) subjects. The apoE genotyping was determined by a polymerase chain reaction, while plasma levels of adipokines and inflammatory cytokines were measured with ELISA. Although apoE genotypes distributions were indistinguishable between RA patients and HC, we found significantly higher levels of apoE and adipokines in RA patients compared with HC. RA patients with ε2ε3 genotype had lower levels of TNF-α, IL-6, resistin, and visfatin, but higher leptin levels compared with ε3ε3 genotype patients. Patients with ε3ε4 genotype had significantly higher low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels and atherogenic index scores compared with ε2ε3 genotype carriers. Moreover, patients with ε2ε3 genotype had significantly lower 10-year CVD risk than ε3ε3 or ε3ε4 genotype patients. ε3ε4 genotype and adiponectin levels were independent predictors of a high 10-year CVD risk. RA patients with ε2ε3 genotype are associated with lower levels of TNF-α, IL-6, resistin, visfatin, and CVD risk, while RA patients with ε3ε4 genotype exhibited higher levels of LDL-C, insulin resistance, and higher CVD risks.

5.
Cancer Manag Res ; 12: 4645-4665, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a highly aggressive malignancy with an overall 5-year survival rate of 9.3%, and this malignancy is expected to become the second leading cause of cancer-related death by 2030. Gemcitabine resistance develops within weeks of PDAC patient's chemotherapeutic initiation. Statins, including pitavastatin, have been indicated to have anticancer effects in numerous human cancer cell lines. Thus, in this study, we hypothesized that a combination of gemcitabine and pitavastatin may have a greater anticancer effect than gemcitabine alone on the human pancreatic carcinoma cell line MIA PaCa-2. METHODS: The anticancer effects of gemcitabine with pitavastatin were evaluated using human MIA PaCa-2 cell line in vitro and in vivo Balb/c murine xenograft tumor model. Cell viability was assessed with CCK-8, and cell migration was stained by crystal violet. Cell cycle distribution, apoptosis and mitochondrial membrane potential were examined by flow cytometry. Activation of drug transporters (hENTs, hCNTs), intracellular drug activating (dCK) and inhibition of inactivating enzymes (RRMs) pathways were assessed by Western blotting analysis. Molecular mechanisms and signaling pathways of apoptosis, necrosis and autophagy also were assessed by Western blotting. RESULTS: We observed that gemcitabine and pitavastatin synergistically suppressed the proliferation of MIA PaCa-2 cells through causing sub-G1 and S phase cell cycle arrest. Activation of apoptosis/necrosis was confirmed by annexin V/propidium iodide double staining, which showed increasing levels of active caspase 3, cleaved poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase and the RIP1-RIP3-MLKL complex. Moreover, gemcitabine-pitavastatin-mediated S phase arrest downregulated cyclin A2/CDK2 and upregulated p21/p27 in MIA PaCa-2 cells. Furthermore, this combination improved drug cellular metabolism pathway, mitochondria function and activated autophagy as part of the cell death mechanism. In vivo, gemcitabine-pitavastatin effectively inhibited tumor growth in a nude mouse mode of Mia PaCa-2 xenografts without observed adverse effect. CONCLUSION: Combined gemcitabine-pitavastatin may be an effective novel treatment option for pancreatic cancer.

6.
J Immunol Res ; 2020: 9473497, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32377540

RESUMO

C-type lectin domain family 5-member A (CLEC5A) associates with adaptor DAP12 (DNAX activation protein 12) to form receptor complexes involved in inflammatory responses. We postulated a potential role of CLEC5A in the pathogenesis of adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) and aimed to investigate CLEC5A expression and its association with activity parameters and disease course. In 34 AOSD patients and 12 healthy controls (HC), circulating levels of CLEC5A-expressing monocytes or granulocytes were determined by flow cytometry analysis, the mRNA expression of CLEC5A and DAP12 on PBMCs by quantitative PCR, and plasma levels of proinflammatory cytokines by ELISA. AOSD patients had significantly higher percentages and mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of CLEC5A-expressing monocytes (median 62.1% and 3.20, respectively) or granulocytes (72.6% and 3.22, respectively) compared with HC (in monocytes: 17.0% and 0.65, both p < 0.001; in granulocytes: 67.3%, p < 0.05 and 0.90, p < 0.001; respectively). Patients also had significantly higher levels of CLEC5A mRNA expression on PBMCs compared with HC (median 1.77 vs. 0.68, p < 0.05). The levels of CLEC5A-expressing monocytes or granulocytes were positively associated with activity scores and levels of IL-1ß and IL-18 in AOSD patients. The patients with a systemic pattern had significantly higher levels of CLEC5A-expressing granulocytes and IL-18 compared to those with a chronic articular pattern of disease course. After 6 months of therapy, levels of CLEC5A-expressing monocytes and granulocytes significantly declined, paralleling the decrease of AOSD activity. Elevated CLEC5A levels and their positive association with activity parameters suggest that CLEC5A is involved in the pathogenesis and may serve as an activity indicator of AOSD.


Assuntos
Inflamação/metabolismo , Lectinas Tipo C/metabolismo , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/diagnóstico , Adulto , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Inflamação/genética , Interleucina-18/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Lectinas Tipo C/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/genética , Regulação para Cima
7.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 3872, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32099023

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

8.
Cancers (Basel) ; 11(9)2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533296

RESUMO

Yatein is an antitumor agent isolated from Calocedrus formosana Florin leaves extract. In our previous study, we found that yatein inhibited the growth of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 and CL1-5 cells by inducing intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic pathways. To further uncover the effects and mechanisms of yatein-induced inhibition on A549 and CL1-5 cell growth, we evaluated yatein-mediated antitumor activity in vivo and the regulatory effects of yatein on cell-cycle progression and microtubule dynamics. Flow cytometry and western blotting revealed that yatein induces G2/M arrest in A549 and CL1-5 cells. Yatein also destabilized microtubules and interfered with microtubule dynamics in the two cell lines. Furthermore, we evaluated the antitumor activity of yatein in vivo using a xenograft mouse model and found that yatein treatment altered cyclin B/Cdc2 complex expression and significantly inhibited tumor growth. Taken together, our results suggested that yatein effectively inhibited the growth of A549 and CL1-5 cells possibly by disrupting cell-cycle progression and microtubule dynamics.

9.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(22): 6169-6176, 2019 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31117553

RESUMO

Dietary choline and its containing foods are biotransformed to trimethylamine (TMA) via gut microbial metabolism. Subsequently, as an intermediate molecule, TMA is quickly transported and oxidized in the liver by hepatic flavin monooxygenases to form trimethylamine oxide (TMAO). TMAO was treated as a waste byproduct from choline metabolism, but recent convincing evidence demonstrated the association between the small molecule TMAO and inflammation-related diseases, including blood vessel inflammation and vascular diseases. The scope of this study is to investigate the preventive effect of nobiletin on TMAO-induced blood vessel inflammation. Our results from Western blot showed that the inhibition of TMAO-induced cardiovascular inflammation was correlated with nobiletin-mediated inhibitory effects on NF-κB and MAPK/ERK related pathways. More specifically, nobiletin prevented the oxidative damage of vascular sites (proximal aorta), inhibited the activity of MAPK/ERK, reduced the expression of NF-κB p65 and phospho-NF-κB p65, and consequently decreased the inflammatory response. Flow cytometry analyses showed that nobiletin decreased TMAO-induced apoptosis of HUVEC cells and counteracted TMAO-induced HUVEC cell proliferation. Results from HE staining and immunohistochemical results also showed that nobiletin reduced the degree of inflammation of the proximal aorta in Sprague-Dawley rats. In summary, nobiletin significantly reduced TMAO-induced vascular inflammation via inhibition of the NF-κB/MAPK pathways.


Assuntos
Flavonas/administração & dosagem , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/imunologia , Fator de Transcrição RelA/imunologia , Doenças Vasculares/prevenção & controle , Animais , Aorta/efeitos dos fármacos , Aorta/imunologia , Feminino , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/imunologia , Masculino , Metilaminas/efeitos adversos , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Transcrição RelA/genética , Doenças Vasculares/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Vasculares/genética , Doenças Vasculares/imunologia
10.
Int J Antimicrob Agents ; 54(1): 80-84, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30930299

RESUMO

Zika virus (ZIKV) is a re-emerging Flavivirus that has been linked to microcephaly and other neurological pathologies. In this study, phloretin, a glucose transporter inhibitor naturally derived from plants, was used to investigate the glucose dependence of ZIKV replication in host cells. The results showed that phloretin significantly decreased infectious titres of two ZIKV strains, namely MR766 (African genotype) and PRVABC59 (Puerto Rico genotype). The 50% effective concentration (EC50) of phloretin against MR766 and PRVABC59 was 22.85 µM and 9.31 µM, respectively. Further analyses demonstrated that decreased viral production was due to host-targeted inhibition, including decreased apoptotic caspase-3 and -7 activities and reduced phosphorylation of Akt/mTOR pathways. In addition, upon disruption of cellular glucose availability within host cells using 2-deoxy-d-glucose, ZIKV propagation was inhibited. Collectively, we demonstrate phloretin inhibition of ZIKV propagation and provide evidence of glucose utilization pathways as being important for ZIKV propagation. The activity of phloretin and its role in inhibiting glucose uptake could provide a useful foundation for the development of ZIKV antivirals.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Metabolismo dos Carboidratos/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Floretina/farmacologia , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Zika virus/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Chlorocebus aethiops , Células Vero , Carga Viral , Zika virus/crescimento & desenvolvimento
11.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 16791, 2018 11 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30429496

RESUMO

Probiotics have been reported to ameliorate symptoms of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in animal models and human studies. We previously demonstrated that oral administration of Lactobacillus reuteri ADR-3 reduced insulin resistance in high-fructose-fed (HFD) rats. In the present study, we first identified another L. reuteri strain, ADR-1, which displayed anti-diabetes activity that reduced the levels of serum HbA1c and cholesterol and that increased antioxidant proteins in HFD rats. We further performed a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial with a total of 68 T2DM patients to examine the beneficial effects of oral consumption of L. reuteri strains ADR-1 and ADR-3 and to investigate the associated changes in intestinal flora using a quantitative PCR method to analyze 16 S rRNA in fecal specimens. Significant reductions in HbA1c and serum cholesterol were observed in participants in the live ADR-1 consumption group (n = 22) after 3 months of intake when compared with those in the placebo group (n = 22). Although there was no significant difference in the HbA1c serum level among participants who consumed heat-killed ADR-3 (n = 24), the systolic blood pressure and mean blood pressure were significantly decreased after 6 months of intake. There was no obvious change in serum inflammatory cytokines or antioxidant proteins in participants after intaking ADR-1 or ADR-3, except for a reduction in IL-1ß in the ADR-3 consumption group after 6 months of intake. With the analysis of fecal microflora, we found that L. reuteri or Bifidobacterium spp. were significantly increased in the ADR-1 and ADR-3 consumption groups, respectively, after 6 months of intake. Interestingly, a significant reduction in HbA1c was observed in the ADR-1 and ADR-3 consumption participants who displayed at least an 8-fold increase in fecal L. reuteri. We also observed that there was a significantly positive correlation between Bifidobacterium spp. and Lactobacillus spp. in participants with increased levels of fecal L. reuteri. In the ADR-1 intake group, the fecal Lactobacillus spp. level displayed a positive correlation with Bifidobacterium spp. but was negatively correlated with Bacteroidetes. The total level of fecal L. reuteri in participants in the ADR-3 consumption group was positively correlated with Firmicutes. In conclusion, L. reuteri strains ADR-1 and ADR-3 have beneficial effects on T2DM patients, and the consumption of different strains of L. reuteri may influence changes in intestinal flora, which may lead to different outcomes after probiotic intake.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Lactobacillus reuteri , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Bifidobacterium , Pressão Sanguínea , Colesterol/sangue , Feminino , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ratos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Ther Adv Med Oncol ; 10: 1758835918794622, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30159048

RESUMO

Background: Oral cancer metastasis is a devastating process that contributes to poor prognosis and high mortality, yet its detailed underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we aimed to evaluate metastasis-specific markers in oral cancer and to provide comprehensive recognition concerning functional roles of the specific target in oral cancer metastasis. Methods: Lectin, galactoside-binding, soluble, 1 (LGALS1) was identified by secretomic analysis. LGALS1 expression of patient samples with oral cancer on the tissue microarray were examined by immunochemical (IHC) staining. Small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated knockdown of LGALS1 revealed the role of LGALS1 in oral cancer metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Results: LGALS1 was observed to be upregulated in highly invasive oral cancer cells, and elevated LGALS1 expression was correlated with cancer progression and lymph node metastasis in oral cancer tissue specimens. Functionally, silencing LGALS1 resulted in suppressed cell growth, wound healing, cell migration, and cell invasion in oral cancer cells in vitro. Knockdown of LGALS1 in highly invasive oral cancer cells dramatically inhibited lung metastasis in an in vivo mouse model. Mechanistic studies suggested p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation, upregulated MMP-9, and mesenchymal phenotypes of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in highly invasive oral cancer cells, whereas siRNA against LGALS1 resulted in the inactivation of p38 MAPK pathway, downregulated MMP-9, and EMT inhibition. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that elevated LGALS1 is strongly correlated with oral cancer progression and metastasis, and that it could potentially serve as a prognostic biomarker and an innovative target for oral cancer therapy.

13.
J Agric Food Chem ; 66(31): 8299-8306, 2018 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30058806

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic and benign proliferative skin disease. Flavonoids in chenpi (aged tangerine peel) from tangerine ( Citrus reticulate Blanco), such as nobiletin (Nob), tangeretin, and 5-hydroxy-6,7,8,3',4'-pentamethoxyflavone (5-HPMF), possess anti-inflammation and regulation of immune activity among others. In this study, psoriasis-like skin lesions were induced by 12- O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), and the preventive effect of Nob and 5-HPMF on psoriasis-like skin lesions was evaluated. Results showed that skin lesions were dramatically reduced by Nob and 5-HPMF. Levels of cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-17, IL-4, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interferon-γ, were also reduced after Nob and 5-HPMF treatment. The expression levels of p-ERK1/2 and p-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in the TPA group were 5.3, 4.8, and 5.7 but downregulated to 2.7, 2.9, and 2.3 in the Nob group and 2.4, 2.7, and 1.2 in the 5-HPMF group, respectively ( p ≤ 0.05). The expression of transcription factors Ki-67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and the differentiation of CD4+ T cells were reduced by downregulating the expression of the MAPK signaling pathways. The expression levels in TPA, Nob, and 5-HPMF groups were 0.649 ± 0.094, 0.218 ± 0.034, and 0.193 ± 0.042 for Ki-67 and 0.753 ± 0.114, 0.315 ± 0.094, and 0.294 ± 0.035 for PCNA, respectively. Moreover, 5-HPMF showed stronger reduction activity in the prevention of psoriasis than Nob, indicating that the 5-hydroxyl group facilitated the suppression of psoriasis.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Flavonas/administração & dosagem , Antígeno Ki-67/análise , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/análise , Psoríase/prevenção & controle , Animais , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Citrus , Feminino , Frutas , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Psoríase/induzido quimicamente , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Acetato de Tetradecanoilforbol/farmacologia
14.
Anticancer Res ; 38(6): 3435-3445, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29848694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Pyrimethamine (PYR), an anti-malarial drug is known to inhibit various types of human cancer cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-tumour effects of pyrimethamine (PYR) and its underlying molecular mechanisms using the human NSCLC cell line A549. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PYR was dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide to determine its apoptotic activity on A549 cells. Cell viability was determined by the MTT assay. Cell cycle, mitochondrial membrane potential, and Annexin V-FITC early apoptosis detection were evaluated by flow cytometry. Cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) and Bcl-2 family protein expression was determined by western blotting. RESULTS: PYR reduced cell viability percentage and induced G0/G1 arrest, which was associated with down-regulation of cyclins D1 and E, CDK4, and CDK2, and up-regulation of p21. PYR induced sub-G1 accumulation, Annexin-V binding, caspase-9 and -3 activation, poly (ADPribose) polymerase cleavage, and mitochondrial dysfunction in A549 cells. Moreover, PYR effectively inhibited NSCLC tumour growth in an A549 xenograft model. CONCLUSION: PYR demonstrated anti-tumour effects on NSCLC in vitro and in vivo, indicating its therapeutic potential against human NSCLC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Pirimetamina/farmacologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Células A549 , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus
15.
Gastroenterology Res ; 11(3): 189-194, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29915628

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of transforming growth factor ß (TGF-ß) in the different stages of Barrett's esophagus (BE). Methods: Paired endoscopic esophageal biopsy samples were obtained from patients with BE prospectively. Subjects were classified into three groups: BE, BE with dysplasia, and adenocarcinoma (AC) arising from BE. Biopsy specimens over normal esophageal epithelium and gastric cardiac epithelium of limited cases were done. Four cell lines, HETA1 (human esophageal epithelium), CA-A and CP-C (non-dysplastic metaplasia), and OE33 (AC) were analyzed for quantitative mRNA and Western blotting of TGF-ß. Results: All 30 subjects with BE were enrolled. Expression of TGF-ß mRNA in BE were significantly (P < 0.01) lower than that in the normal esophagus and cardiac epithelium. The BE tissue showed a lower positive ratio of TGF-ß immunohistochemical (IHC) stain than the cardiac epithelium. The expression of TGF-ß mRNA in the cell lines CA-A, CP-3, OE-33, was significantly (P < 0.05) lower than that in the cell line HETA-1. The Western blotting result showed lower TGF-ß protein expression of the cell lines CA-A, CP-3, and OE-33. Conclusions: The expression of TGF-ß was lower in the tissue of BE.

16.
Mar Drugs ; 16(6)2018 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29903990

RESUMO

Six new polyoxygenated cembrane-based diterpenoids, stellatumolides A⁻C (1⁻3), stellatumonins A and B (4 and 5), and stellatumonone (6), were isolated together with ten known related compounds (7⁻16) from the ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extract of soft coral Sarcophyton stellatum. The structures of the new compounds were established by extensive spectroscopic analyses, including 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and data comparison with related structures. Compounds 8 and 14 were isolated from a natural source for the first time. The isolated metabolites were shown to be not cytotoxic against a limited panel of cancer cells. Compound 9 showed anti-inflammatory activity by reducing the expression of proinflammatory cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) proteins in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated mouse leukaemic monocyte macrophage (RAW 264.7) cells.


Assuntos
Antozoários/química , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Diterpenos/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo
17.
Mar Drugs ; 15(10)2017 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29065512

RESUMO

Abstract: Cembrane-type diterpenoids are among the most frequently encountered natural products from the soft corals of the genus Lobophytum. In the course of our investigation to identify anti-inflammatory constituents from a wild-type soft coral Lobophytumcrassum, two new cembranoids, lobophyolide A (1) and B (2), along with five known compounds (3-7), were isolated. The structures of these natural products were identified using NMR and MS spectroscopic analyses. Compound 1 was found to possess the first identified α-epoxylactone group among all cembrane-type diterpenoids. The in vitro anti-inflammatory effect of compounds 1-5 was evaluated. The results showed that compounds 1-5 not only reduced IL-12 release, but also attenuated NO production in LPS-activated dendritic cells. Our data indicated that the isolated series of cembrane-type diterpenoids demonstrated interesting structural features and anti-inflammatory activity which could be further developed into therapeutic entities.


Assuntos
Antozoários/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Interleucina-12/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Cultura Primária de Células , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
18.
J Food Drug Anal ; 25(3): 559-566, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28911642

RESUMO

Psoriasis, which is regarded as a T-cell-mediated chronic inflammatory skin disease, is characterized by hyperproliferation and poor differentiation of epidermal keratinocytes. In this study, we aimed to determine the in vivo effect of a potentially probiotic strain, Lactobacillus pentosus GMNL-77, in imiquimod-induced epidermal hyperplasia and psoriasis-like skin inflammation in BALB/c mice. Oral administration of L. pentosus GMNL-77 significantly decreased erythematous scaling lesions. Real-time polymerase chain reaction showed that treatment with L. pentosus GMNL-77 significantly decreased the mRNA levels of proinflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin (IL)-6, and the IL-23/IL-17A axis-associated cytokines (IL-23, IL-17A/F, and IL-22) in the skin of imiquimod-treated mice. In addition, we found that L. pentosus GMNL-77 decreased the spleen weights of the imiquimod-treated group and reduced the numbers of IL-17- and IL-22-producing CD4+ T cells in the spleen. In conclusion, the present study provides insight into the potential use of L. pentosus GMNL-77 in the future treatment of psoriasis.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus pentosus , Aminoquinolinas , Animais , Imiquimode , Interleucina-17 , Camundongos , Psoríase
19.
Int J Med Sci ; 14(9): 862-870, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28824323

RESUMO

Some members of Rhododendron genus are traditionally used as medicinal plants for arthritis, acute and chronic bronchitis, asthma, pain, inflammation, rheumatism, hypertension and metabolic diseases. To the best of our knowledge, there is no report on the protective effects of R. oldhamii leaf extract on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in vivo and in vitro. In this study, the effects of R. oldhamii leaf extract on inhibiting the free fatty acid (FFA)-induced accumulation of fat in HepG2 cells and on improving fatty liver syndrome in mice with high fat diet (HFD)-induced NAFLD were investigated. For the in vitro assay, HepG2 cells were treated with FFAs (oleate/palmitate = 2:1) with or without treatment with R. oldhamii leaf ethyl acetate (EtOAc) fraction to observe lipid accumulation using Nile red and oil red O stains. For the in vivo assay, C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to three groups (n = 5), including the normal diet group, the HFD group and the HFD+EtOAc group. After 11 weeks, body weight, serum biochemical indices and the mRNA expressions of the liver tissue, as well as the outward appearance, weight and histopathological analysis of liver and adipose tissues were evaluated. Among the fractions derived from R. oldhamii leaf, the EtOAc fraction exhibited a strong fat-accumulation inhibitory activity. Following reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), four specific phytochemicals, including (2R, 3R)-astilbin (AS), hyposide (HY), guaijaverin (GU) and quercitrin (QU), were isolated and identified from the EtOAc fraction of R. oldhamii leaf extract. Among them, AS and HY showed excellent fat-accumulation inhibitory activity. Thus, the EtOAc fraction of R. oldhamii leaf and its derived phytochemicals have great potential in preventing FFA-induced fat accumulation. In addition, the EtOAc fraction of R. oldhamii leaf significantly improved fatty liver syndrome and reduced total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) in HFD-induced NAFLD mice at a dosage of 200 mg/kg BW. These results demonstrated that the methanolic extracts from R. oldhamii leaf have excellent inhibitory activities against fat accumulation and anti-NAFLD activities and thus have great potential as a natural health product.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Lipogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Rhododendron/química , Tecido Adiposo/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido Adiposo/patologia , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química
20.
Mar Drugs ; 15(7)2017 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28671570

RESUMO

24-methyl-cholesta-5,24(28)-diene-3ß,19-diol-7ß-monoacetate (MeCDDA) is a natural steroid compound isolated from a wild-type soft coral (Nephthea erecta). The present study aimed to investigate the anti-small cell lung cancer (SCLC) effects of MeCDDA in vitro and in vivo, as well as to elucidate its underlying mechanism. Our results indicated that H1688 and H146 cells show relevant sensitivity to MeCDDA, and the exposure to MeCDDA in SCLC cells caused dose-dependent growth inhibitory responses. In addition, MeCDDA treatment promoted cell apoptosis and increased the activities of caspases in H1688 cells, reducing the mitochondrial membrane potential and stimulating the release of cytochrome c into the cytosol. Along with the increase in Bax expression and reduction in Bcl-2, the MeCDDA treatment also significantly decreased Akt and mTOR phosphorylation. Finally, MeCDDA treatment in the mouse xenograft model of H1688 cells exhibited significant inhibition of tumor growth, corroborating MeCDDA as a potential pre-clinical candidate for the treatment of SCLC. Overall, our results demonstrate that the cytotoxic effects of MeCDDA towards H1688 and H146 cells, possibly through the activation of the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway and inhibition of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway, merit further studies for its possible clinical application in chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Antozoários/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Esteroides/farmacologia , Animais , Antozoários/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Caspases/genética , Caspases/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Esteroides/química , Esteroides/metabolismo
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