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1.
Biomed Res Int ; 2015: 959504, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25767810

RESUMO

Radiation pneumonitis (RP) is a common complication for radiotherapy of esophageal cancer and is associated with the low dose irradiated lung volume. This study aims to reduce the mean lung dose (MLD) and the relative lung volume at 20 Gy (V 20) and at low dose region using various designs of the fan-shaped complete block (FSCB) in helical tomotherapy. Hypothetical esophageal tumor was delineated on an anthropomorphic phantom. The FSCB was defined as the fan-shaped radiation restricted area located in both lungs. Seven treatment plans were performed with nonblock design and FSCB with different fan angles, that is, from 90° to 140°, with increment of 10°. The homogeneous index, conformation number, MLD, and the relative lung volume receiving more than 5, 10, 15, and 20 Gy (V 5, V 10, V 15, and V 20) were determined for each treatment scheme. There was a substantial reduction in the MLD, V 5, V 10, V 15, and V 20 when using different types of FSCB as compared to the nonblock design. The reduction of V 20, V 15, V 10, and V 5 was 6.3%-8.6%, 16%-23%, 42%-57%, and 42%-66% for FSCB 90°-140°, respectively. The use of FSCB in helical tomotherapy is a promising method to reduce the MLD, V 20, and relative lung volume in low dose region, especially in V 5 and V 10 for esophageal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/radioterapia , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/efeitos da radiação , Pneumonite por Radiação/prevenção & controle , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Humanos , Imagens de Fantasmas , Pneumonite por Radiação/patologia , Dosagem Radioterapêutica
2.
Biomed Res Int ; 2014: 741326, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25170514

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Limited-tomotherapy and hybrid-IMRT treatment techniques were compared for reductions in ipsilateral and contralateral lung, heart, and contralateral breast radiation doses. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Thirty consecutively treated left-sided early-stage breast cancer patients were scheduled for lTomo and hIMRT. For the hIMRT plan conventional tangential-field and four-field IMRT plans were combined with different weightings in the prescribed dose. For the lTomo plan a geometrically limited arc was designed for the beamlet entrance. A D p of 50.4 Gy in 28 fractions was used for the PTV. The dose coverage, homogeneity index, conformity index of the target, and the dose volumes of critical structures were compared. RESULTS: Both modalities presented similar target coverage. The homogeneity and conformity were improved for lTomo with P < 0.001 and P = 0.006, respectively. In the lTomo plan a concave dose distribution was generated with significant dose reductions in both high and low dose regions for ipsilateral lung and heart (P < 0.001). Conclusions. lTomo plan can have similar dose coverage and better homogeneity and conformity to the target. By properly designing the directionally and completely blocked structure, lTomo plan was developed successfully in reducing doses to the healthy tissues for early-stage left-sided breast cancer radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Mama/efeitos da radiação , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Coração/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Pulmão/efeitos da radiação , Dosagem Radioterapêutica
3.
Biomed Res Int ; 2013: 108794, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23984313

RESUMO

An anthropomorphic phantom was used to investigate a treatment technique and analyze the dose distributions for helical irradiation of the total skin (HITS) by helical tomotherapy (HT). Hypothetical bolus of thicknesses of 0, 10, and 15 mm was added around the phantom body to account for the dose homogeneity and setup uncertainty. A central core structure was assigned as a "complete block" to force the dose tangential delivery. HITS technique with prescribed dose (D p ) of 36 Gy in 36 fractions was generated. The radiochromic EBT2 films were used for the dose measurements. The target region with 95.0% of the D p received by more than 95% of the PTV was obtained. The calculated mean doses for the organs at risk (OARs) were 4.69, 3.10, 3.20, and 2.94 Gy for the lung, heart, liver, and kidneys, respectively. The measurement doses on a phantom surface for a plan with 10 mm hypothetical bolus and bolus thicknesses of 0, 1, 2, and 3 mm are 89.5%, 111.4%, 116.9%, and 117.7% of D p , respectively. HITS can provide an accurate and uniform treatment dose in the skin with limited doses to OARs and is safe to replace a total skin electron beam regimen.


Assuntos
Elétrons , Imagens de Fantasmas , Fótons , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/instrumentação , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Pele Artificial , Pele/efeitos da radiação , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Humanos , Especificidade de Órgãos/efeitos da radiação , Incerteza
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