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1.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(23): 26258-26266, 2020 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32432467

RESUMO

The neural system is a multifunctional perceptual learning system. Our brain can perceive different kinds of information to form senses, including touch, sight, hearing, and so on. Mimicking such perceptual learning systems is critical for neuromorphic platform applications. Here, an artificial tactile perceptual neuron is realized by utilizing electronic skins (E-skin) with oxide neuromorphic transistors, and this artificial tactile perceptual neuron successfully simulates biological tactile afferent nerves. First, the E-skin device is constructed using microstructured polydimethylsiloxane membranes coated with Ag/indium tin oxide (ITO) layers, exhibiting good sensitivities of ∼2.1 kPa-1 and fast response time of tens of milliseconds. Then, the chitosan-based electrolyte-gated ITO neuromorphic transistor is fabricated and exhibits high performance and synaptic responses. Finally, the integrated artificial tactile perceptual neuron demonstrates pressure excitatory postsynaptic current and paired-pulse facilitation. The artificial tactile perceptual neuron is featured with low energy consumption as low as ∼0.7 nJ. Moreover, it can mimic acute and chronic pain and nociceptive characteristics of allodynia and hyperalgesia in biological nociceptors. Interestingly, the artificial tactile perceptual neuron can employ "Morse code" pressure-interpreting scheme. This simple and low-cost approach has excellent potential for applications including but not limited to intelligent humanoid robots and replacement neuroprosthetics.

2.
Adv Mater ; 32(2): e1904634, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736151

RESUMO

Organic semiconductors demonstrate several advantages over conventional inorganic materials for novel electronic and optoelectronic applications, including molecularly tunable properties, flexibility, low-cost, and facile device integration. However, before organic semiconductors can be used for the next-generation devices, such as ultrafast photodetectors (PDs), it is necessary to develop new materials that feature both high mobility and ambient stability. Toward this goal, a highly stable PD based on the organic single crystal [PtBr2 (5,5'-bis(CF3 CH2 OCH2 )-2,2'-bpy)] (or "Pt complex (1o)") is demonstrated as the active semiconductor channel-a material that features a lamellar molecular structure and high-quality, intraligand charge transfer. Benefitting from its unique crystal structure, the Pt-complex (1o) device exhibits a field-effect mobility of ≈0.45 cm2 V-1 s-1 without loss of significant performance under ambient conditions even after 40 days without encapsulation, as well as immersion in distilled water for a period of 24 h. Furthermore, the device features a maximum photoresponsivity of 1 × 103 A W-1 , a detectivity of 1.1 × 1012 cm Hz1/2 W-1 , and a record fast response/recovery time of 80/90 µs, which has never been previously achieved in other organic PDs. These findings strongly support and promote the use of the single-crystal Pt complex (1o) in next-generation organic optoelectronic devices.

3.
ACS Nano ; 13(2): 1168-1176, 2019 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30588789

RESUMO

3D organic-inorganic hybrid halide perovskites have attracted great interest due to their impressive optoelectronic properties. Recently, the emergence of 2D layered hybrid perovskites, with their excellent and tunable optoelectronic behavior, has encouraged researchers to develop the next generation of optoelectronics based on these 2D materials. However, device fabrication methods of scalable patterning on both types of hybrid perovskites are still lacking as these materials are readily damaged by the organic solvents in standard lithographic processes. We conceived the orthogonal processing and patterning method: Chlorobenzene and hexane, which are orthogonal to hybrid perovskites, are utilized in modified electron beam lithography (EBL) processes to fabricate perovskite-based devices without compromising their electronic or optical characteristics. As a proof-of-concept, we used the orthogonal EBL technique to fabricate a 2D layered single-crystal (C6H5C2H4NH3)2PbI4 photodetector featuring nanoscale patterned electrodes and superior photodetection ability with responsivity of 5.4 mA/W and detectivity of 1.07 × 1013 cm Hz1/2/W. Such orthogonal processing and patterning methods are believed to fully enable the high-resolution, high-throughput fabrication of complex perovskite-based electronics in the near future.

4.
ACS Nano ; 11(10): 10230-10235, 2017 10 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28945959

RESUMO

Flexible electronics will form the basis of many next-generation technologies, such as wearable devices, biomedical sensors, the Internet of things, and more. However, most flexible devices can bear strains of less than 300% as a result of stretching. In this work, we demonstrate a simple and low-cost paper-based photodetector array featuring superior deformability using printable ZnO nanowires, carbon electrodes, and origami-based techniques. With a folded Miura structure, the paper photodetector array can be oriented in four different directions via tessellated parallelograms to provide the device with excellent omnidirectional light harvesting capabilities. Additionally, we demonstrate that the device can be repeatedly stretched (up to 1000% strain), bent (bending angle ±30°), and twisted (up to 360°) without degrading performance as a result of the paper folding technique, which enables the ZnO nanowire layers to remain rigid even as the device is deformed. The origami-based strategy described herein suggests avenues for the development of next-generation deformable optoelectronic applications.

5.
Adv Mater ; 29(35)2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28715093

RESUMO

Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite materials exhibit a variety of physical properties. Pronounced coupling between phonon, organic cations, and the inorganic framework suggest that these materials exhibit strong light-matter interactions. The photoinduced strain of CH3 NH3 PbBr3 is investigated using high-resolution and contactless in situ Raman spectroscopy. Under illumination, the material exhibits large blue shifts in its Raman spectra that indicate significant structural deformations (i.e., photostriction). From these shifts, the photostrictive coefficient of CH3 NH3 PbBr3 is calculated as 2.08 × 10-8 m2 W-1 at room temperature under visible light illumination. The significant photostriction of CH3 NH3 PbBr3 is attributed to a combination of the photovoltaic effect and translational symmetry loss of the molecular configuration via strong translation-rotation coupling. Unlike CH3 NH3 PbI3 , it is noted that the photostriction of CH3 NH3 PbBr3 is extremely stable, demonstrating no signs of optical decay for at least 30 d. These results suggest the potential of CH3 NH3 PbBr3 for applications in next-generation optical micro-electromechanical devices.

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