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1.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 17(5): 1141-1156, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850761

RESUMO

The Expert Consensus reviews current literatures and provides clinical practice guidelines for thermal ablation of pulmonary subsolid nodules or ground-glass nodule (GGN). The main contents include the following: (1) clinical evaluation of GGN; (2) procedures, indications, contraindications, outcomes evaluation, and related complications of thermal ablation for GGN; and (3) future development directions.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33893839

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. The early detection of lung cancer is crucial for the diagnosis of this disease. Therefore, an effective and noninvasive method for the early diagnosis of lung cancer is urgently needed. METHODS: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of circulating genetically abnormal cells (CACs) in early lung cancer, a total of 63 participants who completed CAC detection by Zhuhai SanMed Biotech Inc. and obtained pathological results from January to December 2020 were included in our study; 50 patients had lung cancer and 13 patients had benign lung disease. The levels of lung cancer-related markers in peripheral blood and the chest computed tomography (CT) imaging characteristics of these patients were collected before pathological acquisition. RESULTS: The positive rate of CAC was 90.0% in the lung cancer group and 23.1% in the benign lung disease group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01). The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of CAC was 0.837, the sensitivity was 90%, and the specificity was 76.9%. The area under the ROC curve and sensitivity were both higher than those of the combined or single serum tumor marker test. CONCLUSIONS: This study preliminarily concludes that the CAC test, as a noninvasive test, has high sensitivity and specificity for the early diagnosis of lung cancer. This test is expected to help with the early detection of disease in lung cancer patients.

3.
Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi ; 24(5): 305-322, 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33896152

RESUMO

"The Expert Group on Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Medical Doctor Association, The Tumor Ablation Committee of Chinese College of Interventionalists, The Society of Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Anti-Cancer Association and The Ablation Expert Committee of the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology" have organized multidisciplinary experts to formulate the consensus for thermal ablation of pulmonary subsolid nodules or ground-glass nodule (GGN). The expert consensus reviews current literatures and provides clinical practices for thermal ablation of GGN. The main contents include: (1) clinical evaluation of GGN, (2) procedures, indications, contraindications, outcomes evaluation and related complications of thermal ablation for GGN and (3) future development directions.
.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário/cirurgia , Técnicas de Ablação , Tomografia Computadorizada Quadridimensional , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Nódulo Pulmonar Solitário/diagnóstico por imagem
4.
Genes Genomics ; 43(2): 105-114, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Uncovering molecular pathogenesis and mechanisms of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) will contribute to SCLC therapy. Multiple studies demonstrated that miR-451a acts as an anti-tumor miRNA in non-small cell lung cancer. However, the mechanism of miR-451a in SCLC was ambiguous. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore the function of miR-451a in SCLC and decipher the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: TargetScan and dual-luciferase reporter assays were used to analyze the target genes of miR-451a. Cell counting kit-8 and colony formation assays were performed to assess the roles of miR-451a on cell growth. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was utilized to enrich biological pathways. Western blot was used to measure protein expression. RESULTS: MiR-451a expression was reduced dramatically in SCLC tissues and cell lines (NCI-H1688 and NCI-H446). Helicase, Lymphoid Specific (HELLS) was proved to be a target gene of miR-451a. In addition, cell proliferation assays in SCLC cells transfected with miR-451a mimic and/or HELLS revealed that miR-451a inhibited cell proliferation via targeting HELLS. Moreover, the roles of miR-451a/HELLS in expression of key proteins in mTOR and apoptosis signaling pathways suggested that miR-451a inactivated mTOR and activated apoptosis signaling pathway via directly silencing HELLS. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that miR-451a hinders SCLC cell proliferation in vitro through regulating mTOR and apoptosis signaling pathways via silencing HELLS, suggesting that miR-451a could be a promising tumor suppressor in SCLC. And there is a potential for miR-451a to be a drug target and biomarker for SCLC.

5.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 16(4): 933-934, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32930145

RESUMO

Hemothorax cannot always be treated by thoracic surgeon. Rapidly improved interventional pulmonology broadens the application of medical thoracoscopy. We attempt to share our experiences of medical thoracoscopy for hemothorax and discuss the value of medical thoracoscopy in pleural diseases. We reported a 76-year-old male with hemothorax who was cured by medical thoracoscopy under local anesthesia together with argon plasma coagulation. Moreover, final pathological diagnosis was acquired as pleural sarcomatoid carcinoma. The unusual manifestation under medical thoracoscopy of such a relative rare disease was also described in this paper. The medical thoracoscopy could be used successfully for hemothorax instead of treating with surgeon, especially for those who cannot tolerate procedure of operation or surgical thoracoscopy.


Assuntos
Carcinossarcoma/patologia , Hemotórax/diagnóstico , Hemotórax/terapia , Derrame Pleural/patologia , Toracoscopia/métodos , Idoso , Biópsia , Carcinossarcoma/diagnóstico , Carcinossarcoma/terapia , Hemotórax/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Pleurais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pleurais/patologia , Doenças Pleurais/terapia
6.
Exp Ther Med ; 20(2): 830-837, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32742326

RESUMO

Measurement of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is a quantitative and non-invasive approach to examine airway inflammation, which is a powerful aid in diagnosing chronic disorders of airways like asthma. Diagnostic value of FeNO and relevant indices on pulmonary function in the patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was evaluated. A total of 164 patients [58 asthma, 49 COPD and 57 asthma-COPD overlap (ACO)] were randomly recruited. FeNO, pulmonary ventilation function, and bronchial diastolic function were performed. Eight indicators including FeNO, vital capacity percentage (VC%), forced vital capacity percentage (FVC%), forced expiratory volume in one second percentage (FEV1%), forced expiratory volume in one second to forced vital capacity percentage (FEV1/FVC%), maximum independent ventilation volume percentage (MVV%), the increased percentage of FEV1 after bronchial diastolic test, the increased absolute value of FEV1 after bronchial diastolic test were examined. Significant difference in VC%, FVC%, FEV1%, FEV1/FVC%, MVV%, the increased absolute value of FEV1 after bronchial diastolic test and FeNO were significantly different between patients with asthma and patients with COPD (P<0.05). There were significant differences of VC%, FVC%, FEV1%, FEV1/FVC%, MVV% and the increased percentage of FEV1 after bronchial diastolic test in cases of patients with asthma compared to ACO patients (P<0.05). There was no statistical significance on VC%, FVC%, FEV1%, FEV1/FVC%, MVV% between COPD patients and ACO patients (P>0.05). However, more importantly, the increased percentage of FEV1 after bronchial diastolic test, the increased absolute value of FEV1 after bronchial diastolic test and the alterations on FeNO were found significantly different in ACO group compared with COPD alone (P<0.05). We compared the results from pulmonary ventilation function, bronchial diastolic function examination as well as FeNO detection among 3 groups of asthma, COPD and ACO. The examination of pulmonary ventilation function and bronchial diastolic function combined with FeNO detection is helpful in the early screening of ACO.

7.
Exp Ther Med ; 20(3): 2099-2105, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32782522

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of interventional treatment of primary tracheal tumors through flexible bronchoscopy. The clinical data of 38 patients with primary tracheal tumours who underwent flexible bronchoscopy intervention therapy between January 2011 and January 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The average time interval from onset of symptoms to the appearance of actual clinical manifestations in the 38 patients ranged from 0 to 60 months, with an average of 8.1±11.6 months and a median of 4.2 months. The rate of misdiagnosis at the first visit was 36.8% (14/38). After interventional treatment, the overall efficiency (complete + partial response) of airway stenosis recanalization in the 38 patients was 89.5%. In 3 patients with benign tumors, the anhelation score was reduced following treatment (1.00±0.77 vs. 3.13±1.21 at the pre-treatment stage; P<0.001). The overall survival rates of the 35 patients at 1, 3 and 5 years were 69.3, 48.7 and 20.3%, respectively. Therefore, flexible bronchoscopic intervention may effectively smoothen the airways of patients and relieve the symptoms of anhelation. Combining radiotherapy and chemotherapy may improve patient prognosis and safety.

8.
BMC Pulm Med ; 19(1): 125, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical thoracoscopy is considered an overall safe procedure, whereas numbers of studies focus on complications of diagnostic thoracoscopy and talc poudrage pleurodesis. We conduct this study to evaluate the safety of medical thoracoscopy in the management of pleural diseases and to compare complications in different therapeutic thoracoscopic procedures. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in 1926 patients, 662 of whom underwent medical thoracoscopy for diagnosis and 1264 of whom for therapeutic interventions of pleural diseases. Data on complications were obtained from the patients, notes on computer system, laboratory and radiographic findings. Chi-square test was performed to compare categorical variables and Fisher's exact test was used for small samples. RESULTS: The mean age was 51 ± 8.4 (range 21-86) years and 1117 (58%) were males. Diagnostic procedure was taken in 662 (34.4%) patients, whereas therapeutic procedure was taken in 1264 (65.6%) patients. Malignant histology was reported in 860 (44.6%) and 986 (51.2%) revealed benign pleural diseases. Eighty patients (4.2%) were not definitely diagnosed and they were considered as unidentified pleural effusion. One patient died during the creation of artificial pneumothorax, and the causes of death were supposed as air embolism or an inhibition of phrenic motoneurons and circulatory system. Complication of lung laceration was found in six patients (0.3%) and reexpansion pulmonary edema was observed in two patients (0.1%). Higher incidence of prolonged air leak was observed in bulla electrocoagulation group, in comparison with pleurodesis group. Moreover, pain and fever were the most frequently complications in pleurodesis group and cutaneous infection in entry site was the most frequently reported complication in pleural decortication of empyema group. CONCLUSIONS: Medical thoracoscopy is generally a safe and effective method, not only in the diagnosis of undiagnosed pleural effusions, but also in the management of pleural diseases. Mastering medical thoracoscopy well, improving patient management after the procedure and attempts to reduce the occurrence of post-procedural complications are the targets that physicians are supposed to achieve in the future.


Assuntos
Derrame Pleural Maligno/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/terapia , Pleurodese , Toracoscopia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Exsudatos e Transudatos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segurança do Paciente , Pleura/patologia , Pleurodese/efeitos adversos , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Talco/administração & dosagem , Toracoscopia/efeitos adversos , Tuberculose/complicações , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
9.
Ann Thorac Med ; 14(2): 134-140, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31007765

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this retrospective study was to assess the efficacy of medical thoracoscopy in diagnosing of tuberculous pleurisy and characterize tuberculous pleurisy with medical thoracoscopy. METHODS: A total of 575 patients with tuberculous pleurisy who underwent medical thoracoscopy were included in the study. Demographic data, clinical manifestations, and routine and biochemical tests on pleural fluid, cultures of pleural fluid, sputum, and pleural biopsy for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and pathological findings were evaluated. RESULTS: Sputum, pleural fluid, and pleural biopsy cultures were positive for M. tuberculosis in 12.5%, 19.2%, and 41.9% of patients, respectively. Furthermore, there were significant differences in total positive tuberculosis (TB) tests in the pleural cavity according to patient's age (<18 years old, 50.0%; 18-34 years old, 50.2%; 35-59 years old, 34.8%; >60 years old, 18.6%; and all groups vs. >60 years old, P < 0.001). Patients with 18-34 years old were more likely to have granuloma in pleural biopsy specimens when compared to patients >60 years old (77.0% vs. 37.9%). The percentage of patients with high adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels in pleural fluid (>40 U/L), who were <18, 18-34, 35-59, and > 60 years old, was 83.3% (15/18), 72.8% (193/265), 51.2% (88/172), and 34.7% (17/49), respectively (all groups vs. >60 years old, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Medical thoracoscopy is effective for diagnosing tuberculous pleurisy. Younger patients with tuberculous pleurisy have a higher number of positive TB tests in the pleural cavity, are more likely to have granuloma in pleural biopsy specimens, and have higher ADA levels in the pleural fluid.

10.
Oncol Rep ; 40(6): 3603-3610, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30272347

RESUMO

Increasing evidence shows that berberine has antitumor effects against a number of tumor cells. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of berberine on the proliferation of the human malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) cell line NCI­H2452, and explored the therapeutic potential and underlying mechanisms of this agent. Our results showed that berberine inhibited the proliferation of NCI­H2452 cells in a dose­ and time­dependent manner and could induce apoptosis, possibly through a caspase­9­dependent intrinsic mitochondrial pathway. In addition, autophagy was induced by berberine, which was characterized by the accumulation of LC3­II and decreased p62 expression. We used inhibitors of apoptosis and autophagy, and an inducer of autophagy, to evaluate the significance of autophagy in berberine­induced cell death. The results demonstrated that apoptosis is the primary route through which berberine induces NCI­H2452 cell death. Berberine­induced autophagy may be an adaptive response to antitumor agents and have a protective role in MPM cells. Inhibition of autophagy enhanced berberine­induced apoptosis. Therefore, inhibition of autophagy may be an effective treatment strategy in the management of MPM. In conclusion, berberine is a potent antitumor agent for treating MPM, and it induces mitochondrial­mediated apoptosis and protective autophagy in human NCI­H2452 MPM cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Berberina/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Mesotelioma/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Caspase 9/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Mesotelioma/tratamento farmacológico , Mesotelioma Maligno , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Thorac Cancer ; 9(11): 1544-1555, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30221470

RESUMO

Acquired respiratory-digestive tract fistulas occur with abnormal communication between the airways and digestive tract, causing the interflow of gas and liquid. Despite advances in surgical methods and the development of multimodal therapy in recent years, patients with acquired respiratory-digestive tract fistulas continue to exhibit unfavorable clinical outcomes. Therefore, in order to guide clinical practice in China, the Respiratory and Cancer Intervention Alliance of the Beijing Health Promotion Association organized a group of experienced experts in the field to develop this consensus document. Based on a study of clinical application and expert experience in the diagnosis and management of acquired respiratory-digestive tract fistulas at home and abroad, an Expert Consensus was developed. The panelists recruited comprised experts in pulmonology, oncology, thoracic surgery, interventional radiology, and gastroenterology. PubMed, Chinese Biology Abstract, Chinese Academic Journal, and Wanfang databases were used to identify relevant articles. The guidelines address etiology, classification, pathogenesis, diagnosis and management of acquired respiratory-digestive tract fistulas. The statements on treatment focus on the indications for different procedures, technical aspects, and preprocedural, post-procedural and complication management. The proposed guidelines for the diagnosis and management of acquired respiratory-digestive tract fistulas are the first to be published by Chinese experts. These guidelines provide an in-depth review of the current evidence and standard of diagnosis and management.


Assuntos
Consenso , Fístula/diagnóstico , Fístula/terapia , Trato Gastrointestinal/anormalidades , Sistema Respiratório/fisiopatologia , China , Feminino , Fístula/patologia , Humanos , Masculino
12.
Respir Med Case Rep ; 25: 213-215, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30237972

RESUMO

Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a most dangerous complication that needs prompt treatment to reduce potentially death. There are many well-known prognostic factors indicate the morbidity and mortality in various thromboembolic events. Persistent eosinophilia in peripheral blood can lead to tissue infiltration and even organ damage, but the urgent event of thromboembolism in pulmonary provoked by eosinophil eosinophilia in idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is relative an unusual presentation. In this paper, we present two cases of patients with multiple PE and deep vein thrombosis secondary to the idiopathic HES. Patients were all treated using anticoagulant therapy and corticosteroids successfully. Accordingly, eosinophilia is another risk and precipitating factor of pulmonary thromboembolism. It is necessary for physicians to make a diagnosis in hypereosinophilia as soon as possible for proper prognosis and in case of further thromboembolic events and prevent end-organ damage.

13.
J Thorac Dis ; 10(2): 757-765, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29607146

RESUMO

Background: Refractory (recurrent or persistent) spontaneous pneumothorax with high recurrence rates required treatment either by continuous chest drainage or interventional approaches. Pleurodesis by sclerosing agents has become a significant therapy in the treatment of refractory spontaneous pneumothorax (RSP) on account of its high efficiency and safety. However, the efficacy, safety and appropriate mode of administration of intrapleural erythromycin for pleurodesis have not yet been realized in the treatment of RSP. Methods: The trial was performed to compare thoracoscopic erythromycin poudrage with erythromycin slurry via a chest tube for patients with documented RSP. Fifty-seven patients with RSP were enrolled in this study with 30 patients for erythromycin poudrage and 27 patients for erythromycin slurry. Response to pleurodesis, complications and recurrences were recorded. Continuous variables were compared with t-test. Chi-square test was performed to compare categorical variables and Fisher's exact test was used for small samples. Results: Twenty-four patients in the erythromycin poudrage group (80%) and sixteen in the erythromycin slurry (ES) group (59.26%) had an immediately successful pleurodesis within 5 days (P=0.087). Patients in erythromycin poudrage had shorter duration of postprocedural chest tube drainage (6.23±3.04 days) than patients in ES (10.67±9.81 days) (P=0.032). During the follow-up, there was no significant statistical difference in recurrence rates between the two groups. Common adverse reactions included fever and chest pain with no significant difference between the two groups. Conclusions: Erythromycin is an effective and safe sclerosing agent for pleurodesis in management of RSP. Both methods are safe but erythromycin poudrage is more effective than ES.

14.
Microb Pathog ; 105: 68-73, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28189733

RESUMO

Diagnose of active tuberculosis (TB) is challenging and treatment response is also difficult to efficiently monitor. The aim of this study was to use an integrated analysis of microarray and network-based method to the samples from publically available datasets to obtain a diagnostic module set and pathways in active TB. Towards this goal, background protein-protein interactions (PPI) network was generated based on global PPI information and gene expression data, following by identification of differential expression network (DEN) from the background PPI network. Then, ego genes were extracted according to the degree features in DEN. Next, module collection was conducted by ego gene expansion based on EgoNet algorithm. After that, differential expression of modules between active TB and controls was evaluated using random permutation test. Finally, biological significance of differential modules was detected by pathways enrichment analysis based on Reactome database, and Fisher's exact test was implemented to extract differential pathways for active TB. Totally, 47 ego genes and 47 candidate modules were identified from the DEN. By setting the cutoff-criteria of gene size >5 and classification accuracy ≥0.9, 7 ego modules (Module 4, Module 7, Module 9, Module 19, Module 25, Module 38 and Module 43) were extracted, and all of them had the statistical significance between active TB and controls. Then, Fisher's exact test was conducted to capture differential pathways for active TB. Interestingly, genes in Module 4, Module 25, Module 38, and Module 43 were enriched in the same pathway, formation of a pool of free 40S subunits. Significant pathway for Module 7 and Module 9 was eukaryotic translation termination, and for Module 19 was nonsense mediated decay enhanced by the exon junction complex (EJC). Accordingly, differential modules and pathways might be potential biomarkers for treating active TB, and provide valuable clues for better understanding of molecular mechanism of active TB.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/análise , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Tuberculose/patologia , Humanos
15.
Oncotarget ; 7(47): 77342-77347, 2016 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27816965

RESUMO

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have emerged as first-line drugs for non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs). However, the resistance to TKIs represents the key limitation for their therapeutic efficacy. We found that the difference of OCT4 expression between NSCLC and the adjacent non-tumourous tissues was statistically significant. Knockdown of OCT4 in NSCLC cells could decrease cell proliferation, and potentiate apoptosis induced by gefitinib, suggesting OCT4 may contribute to gefitinib resistance in NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Fator 3 de Transcrição de Octâmero/genética , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Gefitinibe , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Mutação , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética
16.
Oncol Lett ; 12(3): 1792-1800, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27588126

RESUMO

Studies that only assess differentially-expressed (DE) genes do not contain the information required to investigate the mechanisms of diseases. A complete knowledge of all the direct and indirect interactions between proteins may act as a significant benchmark in the process of forming a comprehensive description of cellular mechanisms and functions. The results of protein interaction network studies are often inconsistent and are based on various methods. In the present study, a combined network was constructed using selected gene pairs, following the conversion and combination of the scores of gene pairs that were obtained across multiple approaches by a novel algorithm. Samples from patients with and without lung adenocarcinoma were compared, and the RankProd package was used to identify DE genes. The empirical Bayesian (EB) meta-analysis approach, the search tool for the retrieval of interacting genes/proteins database (STRING), the weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA) package and the differentially-coexpressed genes and links package (DCGL) were used for network construction. A combined network was also constructed with a novel rank-based algorithm using a combined score. The topological features of the 5 networks were analyzed and compared. A total of 941 DE genes were screened. The topological analysis indicated that the gene interaction network constructed using the WGCNA method was more likely to produce a small-world property, which has a small average shortest path length and a large clustering coefficient, whereas the combined network was confirmed to be a scale-free network. Gene pairs that were identified using the novel combined method were mostly enriched in the cell cycle and p53 signaling pathway. The present study provided a novel perspective to the network-based analysis. Each method has advantages and disadvantages. Compared with single methods, the combined algorithm used in the present study may provide a novel method to analyze gene interactions, with increased credibility.

17.
Ann Saudi Med ; 36(1): 37-41, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26922686

RESUMO

BACKGROOUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. However, there are still no easily obtained biomarkers for prognosis. As a high-affinity Fc receptor, CD64 is an early marker of immune response to bacterial infection, but its role in acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) remains incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the prognostic role of the neutrophial CD64 (nCD64) index in AECOPD patients. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study of all patient admitted between January 2013 to May 2014. SETTING: Provincial hospitals affiliated with a university. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical and laboratory data were collected in patients admitted for AECOPD and stable COPD patients, in whom nCD64 index was obtained. A receiver operating characteristics curve was used to determine the optimal cut-off levels for the nCD64 index that discriminated survivors versus nonsurvivors during index hospitalization, and during a post-discharge period of 12 months. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: nCD64 index level. RESULTS: The white blood cell count, CRP (C-reactive protein (CRP) and PCT (procalcitonin) in AECOPD subjects (n=31) were all significantly higher than in controls (n=18) (P= 3.3 predicted in-hospital mortality with a sensitivity and specificity of 80% and 83%, respectively (area under the ROC=0.887; 95% confidence interval [CI]=0.721-0.972, P < .001). An nCD64 index of 3.3 upon admission as the optimal cut-off level to predict post-discharge mortality had a sensitivity and specificity of 83% and 75%, respectively (area under the ROC=0.842; 95% confidence interval [CI]=0.667-0.948, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: An elevated nCD64 index was a reliable prognostic biomarker for both short-term and long-term mortality in patients admitted for AECOPD. LIMITATIONS: Retrospective design prevented collection of enough evidence to demonstrate infectious origin for COPD in every patient. Unsure whether nCD64 differed between bacterial and viral exacerbation.


Assuntos
Progressão da Doença , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/genética , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/mortalidade , Receptores de IgG/sangue , Idoso , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Calcitonina/sangue , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Marcadores Genéticos , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/sangue , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
18.
Cell Stress Chaperones ; 20(5): 805-10, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25981116

RESUMO

Cigarette smoking plays an important role in increased incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The underlying mechanism in which cigarette smoking induced impairment of lung epithelial cells is still unknown. SIRT5 is a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)-dependent protein deacetylase, which has been implicated in the regulation of metabolism, stress responses, and aging. Forkhead box O3 (FOXO3) belongs to the O subclass of the forkhead family of transcription factors. It is also involved in protection from oxidative stress by upregulating antioxidants in epithelial cells. Here, we show that cigarette smoke extract (CSE) induces SIRT5 to deacetylate FOXO3 at K271 and K290. Deacetylation of FOXO3 promotes its nuclear localization. Notably, transfection with FOXO3 K271R- or K290R-attenuated CSE-induced apoptosis in SIRT5 knocked down cells, suggesting the protective effects of SIRT5, is mediated by FOXO3. In contrast, CSE stress upregulates SIRT5, which activates FOXO3α leading to rescuing apoptosis. Thus, SIRT5 constitutes a determinant of apoptosis by CSE in lung epithelial cells.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Células Epiteliais , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Sirtuínas/metabolismo , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Linhagem Celular , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Proteína Forkhead Box O3 , Humanos , Alvéolos Pulmonares/citologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/etiologia
19.
Cell Biochem Biophys ; 71(3): 1457-62, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25504075

RESUMO

Gastropulmonary route of infection was considered to be an important mechanism of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). However there is little evidence to support this assumption. Moreover, the prevalence of microaspiration in elderly ventilated patients was not well understood. To confirm gastropulmonary infection route and investigate the prevalence of microaspiration in elderly ventilated patients using genome macrorestriction-pulsed field gel electrophoresis (GM-PFGE). Patients over 60 years old, expected to receive mechanical ventilation longer than 48 h, were prospectively enrolled from October 2009 to January 2012. Clinical data were collected and recorded until they died, developed pneumonia, or were extubated. Samples from gastric fluid, subglottic secretion and lower respiratory tract (LRT) were collected during the follow-up for microbiological examination. To evaluate the homogeneity, GM-PFGE was performed on strains responsible for VAP that had the same biochemical phenotype as those isolated from gastric juice and subglottic secretions sequentially. Among 44 VAP patients, 76 strains were isolated from LRT and considered responsible for VAP. Twenty-two isolates had the same biochemical phenotype with the corresponding gastric isolates. The homology was further confirmed using GM-PFGE in 12 episodes of VAP. Nearly 30% of VAPs were caused by microaspiration based on the analysis of bacterial phenotype or GM-PFGE. In addition, 58.3% patients with gastric colonization developed VAP, especially late-onset VAP (LOP). Gastropulmonary infection route exists in VAP especially LOP in elderly ventilated patients. It is one of the important mechanisms in the development of VAP.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Cromossômico , Eletroforese em Gel de Campo Pulsado , Pulmão/microbiologia , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica/etiologia , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica/microbiologia , Estômago/microbiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cromossomos Bacterianos/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Microbiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Orofaringe/microbiologia , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica/cirurgia , Prevalência , Sucção
20.
Thromb Res ; 135(1): 20-5, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25456730

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary embolism (PE) has a high morbidity and mortality. Hence it is important to recognize factors associated with higher risk of adverse outcomes in hemodynamically stable patients. Heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) is a novel marker evaluated in recent years for prognosis in acute PE. Our aim was to evaluate the available evidence on the accuracy of H-FABP for predicting the prognosis of adverse clinical outcomes (defined as the occurrence of any of the following: death, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, endotracheal intubation, use of vasopressors, thrombolysis, surgical embolectomy, or admission to the intensive care unit) or mortality in patients with acute PE. METHODS: Unrestricted searches of PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science and Science Direct were performed using the terms of "H-FABP" or "heart-type fatty acid binding protein" and ("pulmonary embolism" or "pulmonary thromboembolism"). A random-effect model was used to pool study results; χ(2) and I(2) testing was used to test for heterogeneity. Data of six studies were included in this analysis. RESULTS: 34 of 119(28.57%; 95%CI, 20.42%-36.72%) patients with elevated H-FABP levels had adverse events during follow-up compared with 24 of 475 (5.05%; 95%CI, 3.08%-7.02%) patients with normal levels. High H-FABP levels were associated with a high risk of occurrence of adverse clinical outcome (pooled OR, 10.81; 95%CI, 3.92-29.83). CONCLUSION: The results of this meta-analysis indicate that H-FABP is a good predictor for adverse outcomes in patients with acute PE.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Embolia Pulmonar/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Algoritmos , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Proteína 3 Ligante de Ácido Graxo , Feminino , Coração/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
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