Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.934
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Talanta ; 207: 120284, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594616

RESUMO

Magnetic carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with encapsulated Co nanoparticles (Co@CNTs), was synthesized by exploiting the one-step pyrolysis strategy using ZIF-67 as template. The as-synthesized Co@CNTs is provided with the nanopores, a large specific surface area, and strong magnetic response. The obtained Co@CNTs was used as magnetic solid-phase extraction adsorbents to extract two profens including flurbiprofen and ketoprofen. The parameters of extraction efficiency, involving extraction time, sample solution volume, ionic strength, pH and the conditions of desorption efficiency, were optimized in detail. After determined by high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet (HPLC-UV), the results evinced that Co@CNTs showed a high extraction efficiency with high enrichment factors of 832 and 672. The good linear range of both flurbiprofen and ketoprofen were all 5.0-1000 ng L-1, with the limit of detection were 0.60 ng L-1 and 0.70 ng L-1, respectively. Furthermore, a valid method for the extraction of flurbiprofen and ketoprofen from human serum was established. The spiking recoveries of two profens were between 86.74% and 97.22%, and the relative standard deviation was less than 6.55%. Co@CNTs can be repeatedly used at least 10 times, indicating its excellent regeneration and reusability. The results demonstrated that the Co@CNTs materials exhibits high enrichment ability and extraction efficiency, playing great promise in MSPE.

2.
Plant J ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793100

RESUMO

Maize exhibits marked growth and yield response to supplemental nitrogen (N). Here, we report the functional characterization of a maize NIN-like protein ZmNLP5 as a central hub in a molecular network associated with N metabolism. Predominantly expressed and accumulated in roots and vascular tissues, ZmNLP5 was shown to rapidly respond to nitrate treatment. Under limited N supply, compared with that of wild-type (WT) seedlings, the zmnlp5 mutant seedlings accumulated less nitrate and nitrite in the root tissues and ammonium in the shoot tissues. The zmnlp5 mutant plants accumulated less nitrogen than the WT plants in the ear leaves and seed kernels. Furthermore, the mutants carrying the transgenic ZmNLP5 cDNA fragment significantly increased the nitrate content in the root tissues compared with that of the zmnlp5 mutants. In the zmnlp5 mutant plants, loss of the ZmNLP5 function led to changes in expression for a significant number of genes involved in N signalling and metabolism. We further show that ZmNLP5 directly regulates the expression of nitrite reductase 1.1 (ZmNIR1.1) by binding to the nitrate-responsive cis-element (NRE) at the 5' UTR of the gene. Interestingly, a natural loss-of-function allele of ZmNLP5 in Mo17 conferred less N accumulation in the ear leaves and seed kernels resembling that of the zmnlp5 mutant plants. Our findings show that ZmNLP5 is involved in mediating the plant response to N in maize.

3.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1596, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783747

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is an important component of healthy living and wellbeing. Current guidelines recommend that adults participate in at least 150 min of moderate or vigorous-intensity physical activity weekly. In spite of the benefits, just over half of U.S. adults meet these recommendations. Calorie-only food labels at points of food purchase have had limited success in motivating people to change eating behaviors and increase physical activity. One new point of purchase approach to promote healthy behaviors is the addition of food labels that display the physical activity requirement needed to burn the calories in a food item (e.g. walk 15 min). METHODS: The Physical Activity Calorie Expenditure (PACE) Study compared activity-based calorie-expenditure food labels with calorie-only labels at three Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina worksite cafeterias. After 1 year of baseline data collection, one cafeteria had food items labeled with PACE labels, two others had calorie-only food labels. Cohort participants were asked to wear an accelerometer and complete a self-report activity questionnaire on two occasions during the baseline year and twice during the intervention year. RESULTS: A total of 366 study participants were included in the analysis. In the PACE-label group, self-reported physical activity increased by 13-26% compared to the calorie-only label group. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) increased by 24 min per week in the PACE-label group compared to the calorie-label group (p = 0.06). Changes in accelerometer measured steps, sedentary time, and MVPA had modest increases. Change ranged from 1 to 12% with effect size values from 0.08 to 0.15. Baseline physical activity level significantly moderated the intervention effects for all physical activity outcomes. Participants in both label groups starting in the lowest tertile of activity saw the largest increase in their physical activity. CONCLUSION: Results suggest small positive effects for the PACE labels on self-reported and objective physical activity measures. Minutes of weekly MVPA, strength training, and exercise activities showed modest increases. These results suggest that calorie-expenditure food labels may result in some limited increases in physical activity.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(23)2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795225

RESUMO

The development of a novel alloplastic graft with both osteoinductive and osteoconductive properties is still necessary. In this study, we tried to synthesize a biomimetic hydroxyapatite microspheres (gelatin/nano-hydroxyapatite microsphere embedded with stromal cell-derived factor-1: GHM-S) from nanocrystalline hydroxyapatites and to investigate their therapeutic potential and effects on bone regeneration. In this study, hydroxyapatite was synthesized by co-precipitation of calcium hydroxide and orthophosphoric acid to gelatin solution. The microbial transglutaminase was used as the agent to crosslink the microspheres. The morphology, characterization, and thermal gravimetric analysis of microspheres were performed. SDF-1 release profile and in vitro biocompatibility and relative osteogenic gene expression were analyzed, followed by in vivo micro-computed tomography study and histological analysis. The synthesized hydroxyapatite was found to be similar to hydroxyapatite of natural bone tissue. The stromal cell-derived factor-1 was embedded into gelatin/hydroxyapatite microsphere to form the biomimetic hydroxyapatite microsphere. The stromal cell-derived factor-1 protein could be released in a controlled manner from the biomimetic hydroxyapatite microsphere and form a concentration gradient in the culture environment to attract the migration of stem cells. Gene expression and protein expression indicated that stem cells could differentiate or develop into pre-osteoblasts. The effect of bone formation by the biomimetic hydroxyapatite microsphere was assessed by an in vivo rats' alveolar bone defects model and confirmed by micro-CT imaging and histological examination. Our findings demonstrated that the biomimetic hydroxyapatite microsphere can enhance the alveolar bone regeneration. This design has potential be applied to other bone defects.

5.
J Virol ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801859

RESUMO

The cGAS/STING-mediated DNA-sensing signal pathway is crucial for interferon (IFN) production and host antiviral responses. Herpes simplex virus type I (HSV-1) is a DNA virus that has evolved multiple strategies to evade host immune responses. Here we demonstrated that the highly conserved beta-catenin (ß-catenin) protein in the Wnt signaling pathway is an important factor to enhance the transcription of type I interferon (IFN-I) in cGAS/STING signaling pathway, and the production of IFN-I mediated by ß-catenin was antagonized by HSV-1 US3 protein via its kinase activity. Infection of US3 deficiency HSV-1 and its kinase dead viruses failed to downregulate IFN-I and IFN-stimulated genes (ISG) production induced by ß-catenin. Consistent with this, absence of ß-catenin enhanced the replication of US3 deficiency HSV-1, but not wide-type HSV-1. The underlying mechanism is that US3 interacted with ß-catenin and hyperphosphorylated it at Thr556 to block the nuclear translocation of ß-catenin. For the first time, HSV-1 US3 was shown to inhibit IFN-I production through hyperphosphorylation of ß-catenin and subvert host antiviral innate immunity.IMPORTANCE Although increasing evidences have demonstrated that HSV-1 subverts host immune responses and establishes a lifelong latent infection, the molecular mechanisms by which HSV-1 interrupts antiviral innate immunity, especially cGAS/STING-mediated cellular DNA-sensing signal pathway have not been fully explored. Here we show that ß-catenin promotes cGAS/STING-mediated activation of the IFN pathway which is important for cellular innate immune responses and intrinsic resistance to DNA virus infection. The protein kinase US3 antagonizes the production of IFN by targeting ß-catenin via its kinase activity. Findings in this study reveal a novel mechanism for HSV-1 to evade host antiviral immunity and add new knowledge to understand the interaction between the host and HSV-1 infection.

6.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2368, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681276

RESUMO

Tumor-infiltrating immune cells (TIICs) play essential roles in cancer development and progression. However, the association of TIICs with prognosis in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients remains elusive. Infiltration of TIICs was assessed using ssGSEA and CIBERSORT tools. The association of TIICs with prognosis was analyzed in 1,802 CRC data downloaded from the GEO (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/) and TCGA (https://portal.gdc.cancer.gov/) databases. Three populations of TIICs, including CD66b+ tumor-associated neutrophils (TANs), FoxP3+ Tregs, and CD163+ tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) were selected for immunohistochemistry (IHC) validation analysis in 1,008 CRC biopsies, and their influence on clinical features and prognosis of CRC patients was analyzed. Prognostic models were constructed based on the training cohort (359 patients). The models were further tested and verified in testing (249 patients) and validation cohorts (400 patients). Based on ssGSEA and CIBERSORT analysis, the correlation between TIICs and CRC prognosis was inconsistent in different datasets. Moreover, the results with disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) data in the same dataset also differed. The high abundance of TIICs found by ssGSEA or CIBERSORT tools can be used for prognostic evaluation effectively. IHC results showed that TANs, Tregs, TAMs were significantly correlated with prognosis in CRC patients and were independent prognostic factors (P DFS ≤ 0.001; P OS ≤ 0.023). The prognostic predictive models were constructed based on the numbers of TANs, Tregs, TAMs (C-indexDFS&OS = 0.86; AICDFS = 448.43; AICOS = 184.30) and they were more reliable than traditional indicators for evaluating prognosis in CRC patients. Besides, TIICs may affect the response to chemotherapy. In conclusion, TIICs were correlated with clinical features and prognosis in patients with CRC and thus can be used as markers.

7.
Cell Prolif ; : e12718, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721355

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the anti-cancer activity of pentamidine, an anti-protozoal cationic aromatic diamidine drug, in prostate cancer cells and aimed to provide valuable insights for improving the efficacy of prostate cancer treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prostate cancer cell lines and epithelial RWPE-1 cells were used in the study. Cell viability, wound-healing, transwell and apoptosis assays were examined to evaluate the influences of pentamidine in vitro. RNA-seq and qPCR were performed to analyse changes in gene transcription levels upon pentamidine treatment. Mitochondrial changes were assessed by measuring mitochondrial DNA content, morphology, membrane potential, cellular glucose uptake, ATP production and ROS generation. Nude mouse xenograft models were used to test anti-tumour effects of pentamidine in vivo. RESULTS: Pentamidine exerted profound inhibitory effects on proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion of prostate cancer cells. In addition, the drug suppressed growth of xenograft tumours without exhibiting any obvious toxicity in nude mice. Mechanistically, pentamidine caused mitochondrial DNA content reduction and induced mitochondrial morphological changes, mitochondrial membrane potential dissipation, ATP level reduction, ROS production elevation and apoptosis in prostate cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: Pentamidine can efficiently suppress prostate cancer progression and may serve as a novel mitochondria-targeted therapeutic agent for prostate cancer.

9.
Arch Biochem Biophys ; : 108187, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706880

RESUMO

Macrophages play a pivotal role in the defense response against harmful pathogens and stimuli by releasing various pro-inflammatory mediators. However, overproduction of pro-inflammatory mediators will do harm to the organism and cause inflammation-associated diseases. Omentin-1, which is a newly discovered adipokine, is specifically expressed in omental adipose tissue. Recent studies have found correlations between omentin-1 and insulin resistance, diabetes, obesity, inflammation, atherosclerosis, bone metabolism, and tumor cell proliferation. Some studies have shown that the association between omentin-1, insulin resistance, and inflammation might suggest that omentin-1 plays an important role in chronic inflammatory diseases. In this study, we found that omentin-1 inhibited LPS-induced expression of inflammatory mediators and pro-inflammatory cytokines in macrophages. Furthermore, omentin-1 inhibited activation of the NF-κB pathway by suppressing both nuclear p65 accumulation and transfected NFκB promoter activity. Importantly, omentin-1 increased nuclear translocation of Nrf2. Our findings demonstrate that omentin-1 exerts anti-inflammatory effects on LPS-induced macrophages and has potential implication in the treatment of inflammation-associated diseases.

10.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(9): e201900903, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778525

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of mesenteric lymph drainage on the spleen injury and the expressions of inflammatory cytokines in splenic tissue in mice following hemorrhagic shock. METHODS: Male C57 mice were randomly divided into the sham shock, shock and shock+drainage groups. The mice in both shock and shock+drainage groups suffered femoral artery bleeding, maintained mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 40±2 mmHg for 90 min, and were resuscitated. And mesenteric lymph drainage was performed in the shock+drainage group at the time of resuscitation. After three hours of resuscitation, the splenic tissues were harvested for the histological observation and protein and mRNA expression analysis of cytokines. RESULTS: The spleen in the shock group revealed a significantly structural damage and increased mRNA expressions of MyD88 and TRAF6 and protein expressions of TIPE2, MyD88, TRIF and TRAF3 compared to the sham group. By contrast, the splenic pathological injury in the shock+drainage group was alleviated significantly, and the mRNA and protein expressions of TIPE2, MyD88, TRIF, TRAF3 and TRAF6 were significantly lower than those in the shock group. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that post-hemorrhagic shock mesenteric lymph drainage alleviates hemorrhagic shock-induced spleen injury and the expressions of inflammatory cytokines.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751194

RESUMO

A novel bacterial strain, designated NS28T, was isolated from interfacial sediment sampled at Taihu Lake, PR China. Cells were rod-shaped, Gram-negative, aerobic and non-motile on Reasoner's 2A medium. The results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain NS28T was most closely related to species from the genus Dyadobacter, with 98.4 and 96.0 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to its closest phylogenetic neighbours Dyadobacter sediminis CGMCC 1.12895T and Dyadobacter luticola CCTCC AB 2017091T, respectively. MK-7 was the only cellular menaquinone. The major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), iso-C15 : 0 and C16 : 1ω5c. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, one phospholipid, one aminolipid, one lipid and two unidentified lipids. Genomic analysis of strain NS28T indicated that the total genome size was 6 477 094 bp with a G+C content of 44.8 mol%, 5380 protein-coding genes, 79 contigs and an N50 length of 299584 bp. On the basis of the genomic DNA sequence, the average nucleotide identity values were 90.5 and 74.1 % with D. sediminis CGMCC 1.12895T and D. luticola CCTCC AB 2017091T, respectively. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization results of strain NS28T with D. sediminis CGMCC 1.12895T and D. luticola CCTCC AB 2017091T were 40.9 and 18.6 %, respectively. Based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, phylogenetic and genome sequence data presented here, it is proposed that strain NS28T represents a novel species of the genus Dyadobacter for which the name Dyadobacter flavalbus is proposed . The type strain is NS28T (=NBRC 113854T=MCCC 1K03764T).

12.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17316, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754254

RESUMO

Vascular progenitors such as endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and smooth muscle-like progenitor cells (SMPCs) may play different roles in vascular repair. Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE) is an exogenous activator of heme oxygenase (HO)-1, which has been suggested to improve vascular repair; however, the detailed mechanisms have yet to be elucidated. This study aimed to investigate whether GBE can modulate different vascular progenitor cells by activating HO-1 for vascular repair. A bone marrow transplantation mouse model was used to evaluate the in vivo effects of GBE treatment on wire-injury induced neointimal hyperplasia, which is representative of impaired vascular repair. On day 14 of GBE treatment, the mice were subjected to wire injury of the femoral artery to identify vascular reendothelialization. Compared to the mice without treatment, neointimal hyperplasia was reduced in the mice that received GBE treatment for 28 days in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, GBE treatment increased bone marrow-derived EPCs, accelerated endothelial recovery, and reduced the number of SMPCs attached to vascular injury sites. The effects of GBE treatment on neointimal hyperplasia could be abolished by co-treatment with zinc protoporphyrin IX, an HO-1 inhibitor, suggesting the in vivo role of HO-1. In this in vitro study, treatment with GBE activated human early and late EPCs and suppressed SMPC migration. These effects were abolished by HO-1 siRNA and an HO-1 inhibitor. Furthermore, GBE induced the expression of HO-1 by activating PI3K/Akt/eNOS signaling in human late EPCs and via p38 pathways in SMPCs, suggesting that GBE can induce HO-1 in vitro through different molecular mechanisms in different vascular progenitor cells. Accordingly, GBE could activate early and late EPCs, suppress the migration of SMPCs, and improve in vivo vascular repair after mechanical injury by activating HO-1, suggesting the potential role of pharmacological HO-1 activators, such as GBE, for vascular protection in atherosclerotic diseases.

13.
Neuroscience ; 419: 72-82, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682827

RESUMO

Previous studies reported that long-term nociceptive stimulation could result in neurovascular coupling (NVC) dysfunction in brain, but these studies were based mainly on unimodal imaging biomarkers, thus could not comprehensively reflect NVC dysfunction. We investigated the potential NVC dysfunction in chronic migraine by exploring the relationship between neuronal activity and cerebral perfusion maps. The Pearson correlation coefficients between these 2 maps were defined as the NVC biomarkers. NVC biomarkers in migraineurs were significantly lower in left inferior parietal gyrus (IPG), left superior marginal gyrus (SMG) and left angular gyrus (AG), but significantly higher in right superior occipital gyrus (SOG), right superior parietal gyrus (SPG), and precuneus. These brain regions were located mainly in parietal or occipital lobes and were related to visual or sensory information processing. ALFF-CBF in right SPG was positively correlated with disease history and that in right precuneus was negatively correlated with migraine persisting time. fALFF-CBF in left SMG and AG were negatively related to headache frequency and positively related to health condition and disease history. In conclusion, multi-modal MRI could be used to detect NVC dysfunction in chronic migraine patients, which is a new method to assess the impact of chronic pain on the brain.

14.
J Environ Radioact ; 211: 106084, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733414

RESUMO

A method for the measurement of organically bound tritium (OBT) in marine biota has been developed using a combustion device designed with three independent temperature control zones and a two-stage intake mode to ensure full combustion of samples. The versatility of the combustion device and combustion water recoveries were tested on nine different types of marine biota, with recoveries varying from 85.15% to 92.67%, with an average of 89.4 ±â€¯11.34%. This indicates that our developed combustion method (combustion program and apparatus) provides stable results. Finally, the OBT activity of the marine samples measured varied from 1.88 to 12.9 Bq/L, with an average of 5.61 ±â€¯3.21 Bq/L.

15.
EMBO J ; : e102201, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762063

RESUMO

The innate immune sensor NLRP3 assembles an inflammasome complex with NEK7 and ASC to activate caspase-1 and drive the maturation of proinflammatory cytokines IL-1ß and IL-18. NLRP3 inflammasome activity must be tightly controlled, as its over-activation is involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. Here, we show that NLRP3 inflammasome activation is suppressed by a centrosomal protein Spata2. Spata2 deficiency enhances NLRP3 inflammasome activity both in the macrophages and in an animal model of peritonitis. Mechanistically, Spata2 recruits the deubiquitinase CYLD to the centrosome for deubiquitination of polo-like kinase 4 (PLK4), the master regulator of centrosome duplication. Deubiquitination of PLK4 facilitates its binding to and phosphorylation of NEK7 at Ser204. NEK7 phosphorylation in turn attenuates NEK7 and NLRP3 interaction, which is required for NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Pharmacological or shRNA-mediated inhibition of PLK4, or mutation of the NEK7 Ser204 phosphorylation site, augments NEK7 interaction with NLRP3 and causes increased NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Our study unravels a novel centrosomal regulatory pathway of inflammasome activation and may provide new therapeutic targets for the treatment of NLRP3-associated inflammatory diseases.

16.
J Neurosci ; 39(45): 8969-8987, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570538

RESUMO

The brain is thought to combine linguistic knowledge of words and nonlinguistic knowledge of their referents to encode sentence meaning. However, functional neuroimaging studies aiming at decoding language meaning from neural activity have mostly relied on distributional models of word semantics, which are based on patterns of word co-occurrence in text corpora. Here, we present initial evidence that modeling nonlinguistic "experiential" knowledge contributes to decoding neural representations of sentence meaning. We model attributes of peoples' sensory, motor, social, emotional, and cognitive experiences with words using behavioral ratings. We demonstrate that fMRI activation elicited in sentence reading is more accurately decoded when this experiential attribute model is integrated with a text-based model than when either model is applied in isolation (participants were 5 males and 9 females). Our decoding approach exploits a representation-similarity-based framework, which benefits from being parameter free, while performing at accuracy levels comparable with those from parameter fitting approaches, such as ridge regression. We find that the text-based model contributes particularly to the decoding of sentences containing linguistically oriented "abstract" words and reveal tentative evidence that the experiential model improves decoding of more concrete sentences. Finally, we introduce a cross-participant decoding method to estimate an upper bound on model-based decoding accuracy. We demonstrate that a substantial fraction of neural signal remains unexplained, and leverage this gap to pinpoint characteristics of weakly decoded sentences and hence identify model weaknesses to guide future model development.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Language gives humans the unique ability to communicate about historical events, theoretical concepts, and fiction. Although words are learned through language and defined by their relations to other words in dictionaries, our understanding of word meaning presumably draws heavily on our nonlinguistic sensory, motor, interoceptive, and emotional experiences with words and their referents. Behavioral experiments lend support to the intuition that word meaning integrates aspects of linguistic and nonlinguistic "experiential" knowledge. However, behavioral measures do not provide a window on how meaning is represented in the brain and tend to necessitate artificial experimental paradigms. We present a model-based approach that reveals early evidence that experiential and linguistically acquired knowledge can be detected in brain activity elicited in reading natural sentences.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17238, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577715

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the preferred vascular access for hemodialysis due to its higher patency and lower infection rate. However, its suboptimal maturation rate is a major weakness. Although substantial risk factors for AVF maturation failure have been disclosed, modifiable risk factors remain unknown. During the AVF maturation process, an elevated luminal pressure is required for outward remodeling; however, excessively high luminal pressure may also be detrimental to AVF maturation, which remains to be defined. We hypothesized that higher AVF luminal pressure is harmful to its maturation, and investigate its potential as a modifiable factor to improve AVF maturation. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This prospective study includes patients undergoing surgical creation for a native AVF. The exclusion criteria were as follows: age <20 years, inability to sign an informed consent, and failure to create a native AVF due to technical difficulties. Demographic and laboratory profiles will be collected before AVF surgery. Vascular sonography will be performed within 1 week of AVF creation to measure the diameters, flow rates, and flow volumes of AVF and its branched veins. The pressure gradient within AVF will be estimated from the blood flow rates using the modified Bernoulli equation. The primary outcome is spontaneous AVF maturation defined as provision of sufficient blood flow for hemodialysis within 2 months of its creation without any interventional procedures. The secondary outcome is assisted AVF maturation, which is defined as AVF maturation within 2 months from its creation aided by any interventional procedure before the successful use of AVF. DISCUSSION: While contemporary theory for AVF maturation failure focuses on disturbed wall shear stress, complicate assumptions and measurement preclude its clinical applicability. AVF luminal pressure, which may be manipulated pharmaceutically and surgically, may be a target to improve the outcome of AVF maturation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study has been registered at the protocol registration and results system. The Protocol ID: NCT04017806.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/métodos , Diálise Renal/métodos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular/fisiologia , Remodelação Vascular/fisiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Fumar Cigarros/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Insuficiência Renal/etiologia , Insuficiência Renal/terapia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Taiwan , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
18.
Sci Adv ; 5(10): eaax1608, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633019

RESUMO

IL-6/STAT3 signaling is known to initiate the TH17 differentiation program, but the upstream regulatory mechanisms remain minimally explored. Here, we show that Cxxc finger protein 1 (Cxxc1) promoted the generation of TH17 cells as an epigenetic regulator and prevented their differentiation into Treg cells. Mice with a T cell-specific deletion of Cxxc1 were protected from experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and were more susceptible to Citrobacter rodentium infection. Cxxc1 deficiency decreased IL-6Rα expression and impeded IL-6/STAT3 signaling, whereas the overexpression of IL-6Rα could partially reverse the defects in Cxxc1-deficient TH17 cells in vitro and in vivo. Genome-wide occupancy analysis revealed that Cxxc1 bound to Il6rα gene loci by maintaining the appropriate H3K4me3 modification of its promoter. Therefore, these data highlight that Cxxc1 as a key regulator governs the balance between TH17 and Treg cells by controlling the expression of IL-6Rα, which affects IL-6/STAT3 signaling and has an impact on TH17-related autoimmune diseases.

19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(21)2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653045

RESUMO

Chronic renal failure involving hemodialysis results in blood loss during filtration. Iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia can result. A compensatory increase in iron dosage has many side effects including discomfort. Elemental iron is a highly-pure iron source, which reduces the frequency of dosages; the solubility decreases with increased particle size or pore size. In this study, synthesized mesoporous iron particles (MIPs) were used to relieve iron deficiency anemia. Their bioavailability was measured in vitro by a Caco-2 cell model and in vivo in iron-deficient rats. In vitro bioavailability of MIPs was examined by measuring ferritin content in the Caco-2 cell model. Iron uptake of MIPs was significantly higher than commercial iron particles, which were less porous. In vivo bioavailability of MIPs was examined by measuring body weight gain and red blood cell-related parameters, compared with the bioavailability of standard drug ferrous sulfate in iron-deficient anemic rats. Finally, average hemoglobin content and hemoglobin regeneration efficiency were significantly higher in anemic rats supplemented with commercial iron particles, compared to anemic controls. In the 28-day oral toxicity test, MIPs were not significantly toxic to rat physiology or tissue histopathology. Thus, MIPs may allow effective recovery of hemoglobin in iron deficiency anemia.

20.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612920

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Limited by sample size, angiosarcoma was rarely studied. We aimed to investigate the characteristics and prognosis of angiosarcoma in the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database. METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed with primary angiosarcoma from 1973 to 2014 were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to estimate the overall survival, and the difference between groups was tested by the log-rank test. Multivariate Cox regression analyses were employed to identify prognostic factors for primary angiosarcoma. RESULTS: A total of 4537 patients with angiosarcoma were included with the median age of 69 years. The median overall survival was 82.1 (95% confidence interval: 76.5-87.7) months. Overall 1-, 2- and 5-year survival rates were 55.2 ± 0.7, 41.0 ± 0.7 and 26.3 ± 0.7%, respectively. In the univariate analysis, age, gender, marital status, race, primary site, tumor grade, tumor size, Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results historic stage and the surgery of primary site were significantly associated with overall survival. Multivariate Cox regression showed that factors including the patients older than 69 years, male, unmarried status, other primary sites, grades (III and IV), tumor size ≥ 5 cm, regional and distant stage and non-surgery were independently associated with poor survival. The results were consistent after excluding the patients in IV stages. CONCLUSIONS: This large population-based study comprehensively described the survival rate and prognostic factors for angiosarcoma in the United States. Age, gender, marital status, primary sites, tumor grade and size and historic stage were determinants of survival, and surgery can improve the prognosis of patients with angiosarcoma.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA