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1.
Cells ; 10(11)2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34831270

RESUMO

Endotoxemia-activated tumor necrosis factor (TNFα)/nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) signals result in acute on chronic inflammation-driven renal dysfunction in advanced cirrhosis. Systemic activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) with pioglitazone can suppress inflammation-related splanchnic and pulmonary dysfunction in cirrhosis. This study explored the mechanism and effects of pioglitazone treatment on the abovementioned renal dysfunction in cirrhotic rats. Cirrhotic ascitic rats were induced with renal dysfunction by bile duct ligation (BDL). Then, 2 weeks of pioglitazone treatment (Pio, PPAR gamma agonist, 12 mg/kg/day, using the azert osmotic pump) was administered from the 6th week after BDL. Additionally, acute lipopolysaccharide (LPS, Escherichia coli 0111:B4; Sigma, 0.1 mg/kg b.w, i.p. dissolved in NaCl 0.9%) was used to induce acute renal dysfunction. Subsequently, various circulating, renal arterial and renal tissue pathogenic markers were measured. Cirrhotic BDL rats are characterized by decreased mean arterial pressure, increased cardiac output and portal venous pressure, reduced renal arterial blood flow (RABF), increased renal vascular resistance (RVR), increased relative renal weight/hydroxyproline, downregulated renal PPARγ expression, upregulated renal inflammatory markers (TNFα, NFκB, IL-6, MCP-1), increased adhesion molecules (VCAM-1 and ICAM-1), increased renal macrophages (M1, CD68), and progressive renal dysfunction (increasing serum and urinary levels of renal injury markers (lipocalin-2 and IL-18)). In particular, acute LPS administration induces acute on chronic renal dysfunction (increasing serum BUN/creatinine, increasing RVR and decreasing RABF) by increased TNFα-NFκB-mediated renal inflammatory markers as well as renal M1 macrophage infiltration. In comparison with the BDL+LPS group, chronic pioglitazone pre-treatment prevented LPS-induced renal pathogenic changes in the BDL-Pio+LPS group. Activation of systemic, renal vessel and renal tissue levels of PPARγ by chronic pioglitazone treatment has beneficial effects on the endotoxemia-related TNFα/NFκB-mediated acute and chronic renal inflammation in cirrhosis. This study revealed that normalization of renal and renal arterial levels of PPARγ effectively prevented LPS-induced acute and chronic renal dysfunction in cirrhotic ascitic rats.

2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 608(Pt 2): 1813-1826, 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742090

RESUMO

Developing antimicrobial agents that can eradicate drug-resistant (DR) bacteria and provide sustained protection from DR bacteria is a major challenge. Herein, we report a mild pyrolysis approach to prepare carbon nanogels (CNGs) through polymerization and the partial carbonization of l-lysine hydrochloride at 270 °C as a potential broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent that can inhibit biopolymer-producing bacteria and clinical drug-resistant isolates and tackle drug resistance issues. We thoroughly studied the structures of the CNGs, their antibacterial mechanism, and biocompatibility. CNGs possess superior bacteriostatic effects against drug-resistant bacteria compared to some commonly explored antibacterial nanomaterials (silver, copper oxide, and zinc oxide nanoparticles, and graphene oxide) through multiple antimicrobial mechanisms, including reactive oxygen species generation, membrane potential dissipation, and membrane function disruption, due to the positive charge and flexible colloidal structures resulting strong interaction with bacterial membrane. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of the CNGs (0.6 µg mL-1 against E. coli and S. aureus) remained almost the same against the bacteria after 20 passages; however, the MIC values increased significantly after treatment with silver nanoparticles, antibiotics, the bacteriostatic chlorhexidine, and especially gentamicin (approximately 140-fold). Additionally, the CNGs showed a negligible MIC value difference against the obtained resistant bacteria after acclimation to the abovementioned antimicrobial agents. The findings of this study unveil the development of antimicrobial CNGs as a sustainable solution to combat multidrug-resistant bacteria.

3.
Bioengineered ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34784846

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Currently, the definitive treatment modality for HCC is radical resection. However, HCC cells possess biological characteristics of high invasion and metastasis. In this respect, to prevent cancer cell invasion and metastasis and early active intervention, we herein screened through the TCGA database for further prognostic analysis including overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). The Kaplan-Meier curve suggested that Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4 (CDK4) might be an independent prognostic factor for HCC. Moreover, we performed mRNA expression analysis to measure CDK4 levels in normal liver tissues and HCC tissues, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis to detect protein level of CDK4 in Non-tumor tissue and HCC tissues collected from patients. Our findings indicated that the expression of CDK4 was significantly higher in tumor tissues compared with Non-tumor tissue in HCC, which increased from HCC stage 1 to 3. Furthermore, the results of transwell-assay indicated that knocking down CDK4 significantly suppresses the invasion and migration of HCC cells, and the results of bioinformatics analysis revealed that genes closely associated with CDK4 are potentially worthy of further investigation. Additionally, the results of Western Blot indicated CDK4 regulates epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) in HCC,and CDK4 appears to regulate EMT and HCC progression via the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Collectively, this study found the key target gene through bioinformatic analysis and further functional validation through cell experiments. In particular, CDK4 is anticipated to become a crucial hub gene to snipe the metastasis of cancer cells in HCC.

4.
Neoplasma ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779641

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to build a prediction model for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in lung adenocarcinoma. A retrospective analysis was performed on 88 patients with lung adenocarcinoma. All patients underwent an 18F-FDG PET/CT scan and genetic testing of EGFR before the treatment. In the training set, the radiomics features and clinical factors were screened out, and model1 based on CT radiomics features, model2 based on PET radiomics features, model3 based on clinical factors, and model4 based on radiomics features combined with clinical factors were established, respectively. The performance of the prediction model was assessed by area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC). The DeLong test was used to compare the performance of the models to screen out the optimal model, and then built the nomogram of the optimal model. The effect and clinical utility of the nomogram was verified in the validation cohort. In our analysis, model4 was superior to the other prediction models in identifying EGFR mutations. The AUC was 0.864 (95% CI: 0.777-0.950), with a sensitivity of 0.714 and a specificity of 0.784. The nomogram of model4 was established. In the validation cohort, the concordance index (C-index) value of the calibration curve of the nomogram model was 0.841 (95% CI: 0.677-1.005), and the nomogram had a good clinical utility. We demonstrated that the model based on 18F-FDG PET/CT radiomics features combined with clinical factors could predict EGFR mutations in lung adenocarcinoma, which was expected to be an important supplement to molecular diagnosis.

5.
Org Lett ; 23(22): 8905-8909, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34756037

RESUMO

A novel strategy based on Cu-catalyzed (4+1) cascade annulation of terminal alkynes as one-carbon synthons with 2-(tosylmethyl)anilines has been developed for the expeditious synthesis of 2,3-disubstituted indoles, in which in situ generations of aza-o-quinone methides and alkynyl-copper(I) species are involved. This annulation provides an effective method for the assembly of synthetically and structurally interesting 2,3-disubstituted indoles.

6.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 709674, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744814

RESUMO

Increasing evidence shows that polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients are particularly vulnerable to anxiety/depression-like behaviors. This study sought to determine the prevalence of anxiety/depression-like behaviors among women with PCOS and to identify factors associated with these behaviors. This study was a secondary analysis of three studies performed on Chinese women who were aged 18 to 40 and diagnosed with PCOS according to the modified Rotterdam criteria. We obtained 802 useable responses for the self-rating anxiety scale and 798 responses for the self-rating depression scale. The prevalence of anxiety-like and depression-like behaviors among women with PCOS was 26.1% (209/802) and 52.0% (415/798), respectively. Anxiety-like behaviors were associated with age, body image-related factors (including body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio), and hyperandrogenism-related factors (including free androgen index and hirsutism). Depression-like behaviors were associated with age, body image-related factors, hyperandrogenism-related factors, and metabolic factors (including fasting insulin, fasting plasma glucose, and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance). Body image-related factors and hyperandrogenism-related factors were related to both anxiety-like behaviors and depression-like behaviors in both infertile and fertile PCOS patients.

7.
Front Neurosci ; 15: 733779, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602973

RESUMO

Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common and disabling condition characterized by attacks of pain around the joints, and it is a typical disease that develops chronic pain. Previous studies have proved that 5-HT1, 5-HT2, and 5-HT3 receptors in the spinal cord are involved in electroacupuncture (EA) analgesia. The 5-HT7 receptor plays antinociceptive role in the spinal cord. However, it is unclear whether the 5-HT7 receptor is involved in EA analgesia. The 5-HT7 receptor is a stimulatory G-protein (Gs)-coupled receptor that activates adenylyl cyclase (AC) to stimulate cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) formation, which in turn activates protein kinase A (PKA). In the present study, we found that EA significantly increased the tactile threshold and the expression of the 5-HT7 receptor in the dorsal spinal cord. Intrathecal injection of 5-HT7 receptor agonist AS-19 mimicked the analgesic effect of EA, while a selective 5-HT7 receptor antagonist reversed this effect. Moreover, intrathecal injection of AC and PKA antagonists prior to EA intervention prevented its anti-allodynic effect. In addition, GABAA receptor antagonist bicuculline administered (intrathecal, i.t.) prior to EA intervention blocked the EA effect on pain hypersensitivity. Our data suggest that the spinal 5-HT7 receptor activates GABAergic neurons through the Gs-cAMP-PKA pathway and participates in EA-mediated inhibition of chronic pain in a mouse model of KOA.

8.
J Pharmacol Sci ; 147(4): 376-385, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663520

RESUMO

Systemic sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) activation alleviates muscle wasting and improves muscle function by downregulation of myotropic and proteolytic markers. In this study, we evaluated the effects of the intestinal Sirt1 deletion on the dysregulated gutmuscle axis in cirrhotic mice. Cirrhosis-related muscle wasting was induced by common bile duct ligated (BDL) in either wild-type (WT) or intestine-specific Sirt1-deleted (Sirt1IEC-KO) mice, including WT-BDL, WT-sham, Sirt1IEC-KO-BDL and Sirt1IEC-KO-sham mice. Compared with WT-BDL mice, Sirt1IEC-KO-BDL mice showed worsened low lean mass, exacerbated muscle wasting, increased expression of myotropic markers, increased muscular protein degradation, and decreased expression of myogenic markers through aggravation of intestinal inflammation (as evidenced by increased fecal calprotectin/lipocalin-2 levels, increased intestinal macrophage infiltration, and increased intestinal TNFα/IL-6 levels), decrease in abundance of short-chain fatty acid (SCFA)-producing bacteria, decrease in levels of intestinal SCFAs (with anti-inflammatory effects), and downregulation of SCFA receptor GPR43. In biliary cirrhotic mice, a decrease in the abundance of SCFA-producing bacteria and an increase in the levels of intestinal/muscular inflammatory markers are involved in the pathogenesis of dysregulated gut-muscle axis-related muscle wasting, and intestinal deletion of Sirt1 exacerbated these changes.

9.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 20002, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625614

RESUMO

Many studies report predictions for cognitive function but there are few predictions in epileptic patients; therefore, we established a workflow to efficiently predict outcomes of both the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in outpatients with epilepsy. Data from 441 outpatients with epilepsy were included; of these, 433 patients met the 12 clinical characteristic criteria and were divided into training (n = 304) and experimental (n = 129) groups. After descriptive statistics were analyzed, cross-validation was used to select the optimal model. The random forest (RF) algorithm was combined with the redundancy analysis (RDA) algorithm; then, optimal feature selection and resampling were carried out after removing linear redundancy information. The features that contributed more to multiple outcomes were selected. Finally, the external traceability of the model was evaluated using the follow-up data. The RF algorithm was the best prediction model for both MMSE and MoCA outcomes. Finally, seven markers were screened by overlapping the top ten important features for MMSE ranked by RF modeling, those ranked for MoCA ranked by RF modeling, and those for both assessments ranked by RDA. The optimal combination of features were namely, sex, age, age of onset, seizure frequency, brain MRI abnormalities, epileptiform discharge in EEG and usage of drugs. which was the most efficient in predicting outcomes of MMSE, MoCA, and both assessments.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(37): e27200, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664849

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Lymphatic malformations are rare benign malformations that predominantly occur in the head and neck region. The advent of surgical robots in head and neck surgery may provide beneficial outcomes for pediatric patients. Here, we describe our experiences with transhairline incisions for robot-assisted surgical resection of cervical lymphatic malformations in pediatric patients.In this prospective longitudinal cohort study, we recruited consecutive patients under 18 years of age who were diagnosed with congenital cervical lymphatic malformations and scheduled for transhairline approach robotic surgery at a single medical center. We documented the docking times, console times, surgical results, complications, and postoperative follow-up outcomes.The studied patients included 2 with mixed-type lymphatic malformations and 2 with macrocystic-type lymphatic malformations. In all 4 patients, the incision was hidden in the hairline; the incision length was <5 cm in 3 patients but was extended to 6 cm in 1 patient. Elevating the skin flap and securely positioning it with Yang retractor took <1 hour in all cases. The mean docking time was 5.5 minutes, and the mean console time was 1 hour and 46 minutes. All 4 surgeries were completed endoscopically with the robot. The average total drainage volume in the postoperative period was 21.75 mL. No patients required tracheotomy or nasogastric feeding tubes. Neither were adverse surgery-associated neurovascular sequelae observed. All 4 patients were successfully treated for their lymphatic malformations, primarily with robotic surgical excisions.Cervical lymphatic malformations in pediatric patients could be accessed, properly visualized, and safely resected with transhairline-approach robotic surgery. Transhairline-approach robotic surgery is an innovative method for meeting clinical needs and addressing esthetic concerns.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Doenças Linfáticas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/normas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Longitudinais , Doenças Linfáticas/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Pediatria/métodos , Pediatria/tendências , Estudos Prospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1185: 339080, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34711327

RESUMO

A low-cost, portable bioluminescence detector based on a silicon photomultiplier (SiPM) was developed for on-site colony detection, the main components of which are a low-noise photoelectric signal detection and processing circuit, power management module, and high-performance embedded microcontroller subsystem with peripheral circuits. Balanced chopper modulation and lock-in amplification techniques were adopted to improve the signal-to-noise ratio, and a zero-adjustment technique was used to eliminate the dark current of the SiPM to expand the dynamic range. Using this bioluminescence detector, adenosine triphosphate could be determined in the range of 3.6 × 10-6 to 3.6 × 10-11 mol/L, and bacterial colonies could be determined in the range of 1.0 × 103 to 1.0 × 109 CFU/mL, with a limit of quantitation of 1.0 × 103 CFU/mL. Satisfactory recoveries and precision were obtained. Actual samples were accurately tested and the data were verified by comparison with those from the national standard method. The manufacturing cost of the bioluminescence detector was only $30, which is only approximately 1% of the price of current commercial instruments. This study provides a tool for rapid on-site detection of bacterial colonies, as well as a new concept for the development of low-cost portable detection equipment.


Assuntos
Trifosfato de Adenosina , Razão Sinal-Ruído
12.
Anal Chem ; 93(44): 14885-14891, 2021 11 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34698496

RESUMO

A clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas12a-mediated dual-mode electrochemical biosensor without polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification was designed for sensitive and reliable detection of genetically modified soybean SHZD32-1. A functionalized composite bionanomaterial Fe3O4@AuNPs/DNA-Fc&Ru was synthesized as the signal unit, while a characteristic gene fragment of SHZD32-1 was chosen as the target DNA (tDNA). When Cas12a, crRNA, and tDNA were present simultaneously, a ternary complex Cas12a-crRNA-tDNA was formed, and the nonspecific cleavage ability of the CRISPR/Cas12a system toward single-stranded DNA was activated. Thus, the single-stranded DNA-Fc in the signal unit was cleaved, resulting in the decrease in the fast scan voltammetric (FSV) signal from ferrocene (Fc) and the increase in the electrochemiluminescence (ECL) signal from ruthenium complex (Ru) inhibited by Fc. The linear range was 1-107 fmol/L for ECL and 10-108 fmol/L for FSV, and the limit of detection (LOD) was 0.3 fmol/L for ECL and 3 fmol/L for FSV. Accuracy, precision, stability, selectivity, and reliability were all satisfied. In addition, PCR-free detection could be completed in an hour at room temperature without requiring complicated operation and sample processing, showing great potential in the field detection of genetically modified crops.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Produtos Agrícolas , Ouro , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Soja/genética
13.
Endocrine ; 74(3): 518-529, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655376

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is inconsistent in some studies. The aim of this meta-analysis was to examine the evidence regarding the strength of the association between PCOS and HDP. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched to identify observational studies investigating HDP in patients with PCOS. The primary outcome was the pooled odds ratio (OR) of HDP, including pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and pre-eclampsia (PE), in women with PCOS compared with the non-PCOS population. RESULTS: A total of 30 studies were eligible for meta-analysis. PCOS was associated with a higher risk of HDP (OR 2.02, 95CI% 1.83-2.22), including PIH (OR 1.94, 95CI% 1.70-2.21), and PE (OR 2.07, 95CI% 1.91-2.24). The association remained significant after adjusting for age, body mass index (BMI), and nulliparity (HDP: OR 1.48, 95CI% 1.48-1.60; PIH: OR 1.42, 95%CI 1.29-1.57; PE: OR 2.07, and 95%CI 1.91-2.24). The increased risk of HDP for the PCOS group remained significant in subgroups of BMI, Age, singleton pregnancy, multiple pregnancy, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), hyperandrogenism, and nulliparity, while the finding was not observed in subgroups of nonhyperandrogenic and non-GDM. In the meta-regression, BMI contributed significantly to the heterogeneity in the prevalence of HDP. CONCLUSIONS: PCOS is independently associated with a significantly increased risk of HDP. To prevent HDP during pregnancy, our findings highlight the importance of establishing supervision guidelines for PCOS patients, especially in the population with hyperandrogenism and GDM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Gestacional , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/epidemiologia , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/etiologia , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/complicações , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/epidemiologia , Pré-Eclâmpsia/epidemiologia , Pré-Eclâmpsia/etiologia , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
14.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258589, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648567

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Mac-2-binding protein glycosylation isomer (M2BPGi) is a novel plasma biomarker for liver fibrosis, but less is known about its role in portal hypertension. We aimed to evaluate the association between M2BPGi and hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) and to investigate its predictive value on prognosis of cirrhotic patients. METHODS: Forty-eight cirrhotic patients who underwent HVPG measurement in Taipei Veterans General hospital were retrospectively enrolled. The Spearman's correlation test was used to analyze the correlation between plasma M2BPGi levels and HVPG and other parameters. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to identify predictors for clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Plasma M2BPGi levels were higher in cirrhotic patients than healthy subjects and significantly correlated with HVPG levels (rs = 0.45, p = 0.001). On multivariate Cox regression analysis, higher plasma M2BPGi levels [≥ 6 cut-off index (C.O.I)] did not predict mortality within five years for cirrhotic patients and the result was similar in patients without hepatocellular carcinoma. Interestingly, M2BPGi ≥ 6 C.O.I was a potential predictor of bacterial infection within five years [Hazar ratio (HR) = 4.51, p = 0.003]. However, M2BPGi failed to predict occurrence of other cirrhosis-related complications, including variceal bleeding, ascites formation, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, hepatorenal syndrome and hepatic encephalopathy. CONCLUSION: Plasma M2BPGi levels positively correlated with HVPG and higher serum M2BPGi levels might have a potential role in predicting development of bacterial infection for cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension.

15.
Org Lett ; 23(22): 8883-8887, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34709843

RESUMO

An efficient asymmetric hydrogenation of racemic α-aryl-ß-ethoxycarbonyl cyclopentanones via dynamic kinetic resolution is reported. Via catalysis by a chiral iridium Ir-SpiroPAP catalyst, a range of racemic α-aryl-ß-ethoxycarbonyl cyclopentanones were hydrogenated to the corresponding ester-functionalized chiral 2-arylcyclopentanols with three contiguous stereocenters in high yields with excellent enantio- and diastereoselectivities. This method was successfully applied in the enantioselective synthesis of cyclopentane-based γ-amino ester/alcohol derivatives and phenylpropanoid (+)-burmaniol A.

16.
Biomaterials ; 278: 121172, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653935

RESUMO

Silicon, a highly biocompatible and ubiquitous chemical element in living systems, exhibits great potentials in biomedical applications. However, the silicon-based nanomaterials such as silica and porous silicon have been largely limited to only serving as carriers for delivery systems, due to the lack of intrinsic functionalities of silicon. This work presents the facile construction of a two-dimensional (2D) hydrogen-bonded silicene (H-silicene) nanosystem which is highlighted with tunable bandgap and selective degradability for tumor-specific photodynamic therapy facilely by surface covalent modification of hydrogen atoms. Briefly, the H-silicene nanosheet material is selectively degradable in normal neutral tissues but rather stable in the mildly acidic tumor microenvironment (TME) for achieving efficient photodynamic therapy (PDT). Such a 2D hydrogen-bonded silicene nanosystem featuring the tunable bandgap and tumor-selective degradability provides a new paradigm for the application of multi-functional two-dimensional silicon-based biomaterials towards the diagnosis and treatments of cancer and other diseases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Humanos , Hidrogênio , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Silício , Microambiente Tumoral
17.
Poult Sci ; 100(11): 101470, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624771

RESUMO

Endodermal epithelial cells (EECs) within the yolk sac membrane (YSM) of avian embryos are responsible for the absorption and utilization of lipids. The lipids in the yolk are mostly composed of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), uptake mainly depends on clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME). The CME relies on vesicle formation through the regulation of dynamin (DNM). However, it is still unclear whether DNMs participate in avian embryonic development. We examined mRNA expression levels of several genes involved in lipid transportation and utilization in YSM during Japanese quail embryonic development using qPCR. The mRNA levels of DNM1 and DNM3 were elevated at incubation d 8 and 10 before the increase of SOAT1, CIDEA, CIDEC, and APOB mRNA's. The elevated gene expression suggested the increased demand for DNM activity might be prior to cholesteryl ester production, lipid storage, and VLDL transport. Hinted by the result, we further investigated the role of DNMs in the embryonic development of Japanese quail. A DNM inhibitor, dynasore, was injected into fertilized eggs at incubation d 3. At incubation d 10, the dynasore-injected embryo showed increased embryonic lethality compared to control groups. Thus, the activity of DNMs was essential for the embryonic development of Japanese quail. The activities of DNMs were also verified by the absorptions of fluorescent VLDL (DiI-yVLDL) in EECs. Fluorescent signals in EECs were decreased significantly after treatment with dynasore. Finally, EECs were pretreated with S-Nitroso-L-glutathione (GSNO), a DNM activator, for 30 min; this increased the uptake of DiI-yVLDL. In conclusion, DNMs serve a critical role in mediating lipid absorption in YSM. The activity of DNMs was an integral part of development in Japanese quail. Our results suggest enhancing lipid transportation through an increase of DNM activity may improve avian embryonic development.


Assuntos
Coturnix , Saco Vitelino , Animais , Galinhas , Dinaminas , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Células Epiteliais , Lipídeos
18.
Cancer Lett ; 523: 149-161, 2021 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606928

RESUMO

Radiation is an integral part of cancer therapy. With the emergence of oncolytic vaccinia virus immunotherapy, it is important to study the combination of radiation and vaccinia virus in cancer therapy. In this study, we investigated the anti-tumor effect of and immune mechanisms underlying the combination of high-dose hypofractionated stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) and oncolytic vaccinia virus in preclinical murine models. The combination enhanced the in vivo anti-tumor effect and increased the numbers of splenic CD4+Ki-67+ helper T lymphocytes and CD8+Ki-67+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes. Combinational therapy also increased tumor-infiltrating CD3+CD4+ helper T lymphocytes and CD3+CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes, but decreased tumor-infiltrating regulatory T cells. In addition, SBRT combined with oncolytic vaccinia virus enhanced in vitro cell death, partly through necroptosis, and subsequent release of damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), and shifted the macrophage M1/M2 ratio. We concluded that SBRT combined with oncolytic vaccinia virus can trigger tumor cell necroptosis and modify macrophages through the release of DAMPs, and then generate potent anti-tumor immunity and effects. Thus, combined therapy is potentially an important strategy for clinical cancer therapy.

20.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(8): 8611-8631, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34539983

RESUMO

Glioma, a highly aggressive neuroepithelial malignant brain tumor, is associated with high disability and recurrence rates. Enhancer RNA (eRNA) plays a significant role in tumor proliferation and metastasis; however, their functions in gliomas need further evaluation. We used the computational pipeline, PreSTIGE, to predict tissue-specific enhancer-derived RNAs and the underlying regulatory genes. Using data retrieved from the TCGA and CGGA databases, a LASSO regression analysis and multiCox proportional hazards regression analyses were performed to determine the hub eRNAs associated with glioma prognosis. Quantitative reverse transcription PCR was performed on the glioma samples to evaluate the expression characteristics of the identified hub eRNAs. To construct a risk signature, we selected three eRNAs, including CRNDE, MRPS31P5, and LINC00844, for their significant prognostic values. The predictive value of the risk signature was validated using the CGGA and Rembrandt cohorts. Apart from the risk signature, the nomogram performed well at predicting OS in glioma patients. An eRNA-target gene regulatory network was established, which we evaluated using a target gene enrichment analysis. Pathway and gene ontology (GO) analyses demonstrated that the risk signature is associated with mRNA processing and spliceosome in glioma. Furthermore, we found that hub eRNAs potentially regulate the expressions of numerous splicing factors, such as MOV10 and SEC31B, and are correlated with prognosis-associated alteration splicing (AS). In conclusion, we established a risk signature that comprises three eRNAs, which can accurately be utilized as targets to predict prognosis in glioma patients.

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