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1.
Food Chem ; 306: 125627, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610328

RESUMO

Effects of various concentrations of Kadozan (chitosan) treatment on storability and quality properties of harvested 'Fuyan' longans were investigated. Compared to the control samples, Kadozan treated-longans displayed lower fruit respiration rate, lower pericarp cell membrane permeability, pericarp browning index, pulp breakdown index, fruit disease index, and weight loss, but higher rate of commercially acceptable fruit, higher levels of pericarp chlorophyll, carotenoid, anthocyanin, flavonoid and total phenolics, higher amounts of pulp total soluble sugar, sucrose, total soluble solids, and vitamin C. These results revealed Kadozan treatment could increase storability and retain better quality of harvested longan fruit. Among different concentrations of Kadozan, the dilution of 1:500 (VKadozan: VKadozan + Water) showed the best results in storability and maintained the best quality of longans during storage. These findings demonstrated that Kadozan could be a facile and eco-friendly postharvest handling approach for increasing storability and lengthening shelf-life of harvested 'Fuyan' longan fruit.

2.
Food Chem ; 305: 125439, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499287

RESUMO

Compared to the control longans, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-treated longans exhibited higher index of pulp breakdown, higher fruit respiration rate, higher activities of pulp phosphohexose isomerase (PGI), succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), cytochrome C oxidase (CCO), ascorbic acid oxidase (AAO) and polyphenol oxidase (PPO), but lower activity of pulp nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide kinase (NADK). H2O2-treated longans also exhibited lower total activities of pulp glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PDH) and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6-PGDH), lower levels of pulp NADP(H), but higher levels of pulp NAD(H). These data indicated that H2O2-stimulated longan pulp breakdown was owing to a decreased proportion of pentose phosphate pathway (PPP), the increased proportions of Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway (EMP), tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and cytochrome pathway (CCP) in total respiratory pathways. These findings further revealed that H2O2 could enhance respiration rate, and thus accelerate pulp breakdown occurrence and shorten the shelf life of longan fruit.

3.
Food Chem ; 293: 271-277, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151611

RESUMO

The contamination of pesticide residues in Oolong tea has raised much concern in recent years. The objective of this study was to synthesize gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and develop surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) methods for detection and quantification of pesticides in Oolong tea. Facile synthesis of spherical and monodispersed AuNPs with an average diameter of 15 nm was achieved, which induced strong electromagnetic fields in SERS analysis. AuNP substrates were employed for rapid detection and quantification of carbendazim in Tieguanyin Oolong tea. Partial least squares (PLS) analysis and leave-one-out cross validation were utilized in spectral data analysis. The PLS results for Oolong tea samples were obtained: R value = 0.964; the detection limit = 100 µg/kg. These results demonstrate that SERS coupled with gold nanoparticle substrate is a simple, rapid, and sensitive analytical tool for measurement and quantification of carbendazim residues in Oolong tea.


Assuntos
Benzimidazóis/análise , Carbamatos/análise , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Praguicidas/análise , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Chá/química , Cor , Limite de Detecção
4.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(7): 453, 2019 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201539

RESUMO

The authors describe a three-dimensional (3D) flexible interconnected porous nanocomposite membrane for use in surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). It was obtained via in -situ deposition of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs, ca. 10 nm) on eggshell membranes (ESM). The AuNP/ESM nanocomposites were used as a SERS substrate for detection of the pesticide thiabendazole (TBZ) with prominent Raman bands at 1180, 1280, and 1580 cm-1. The abundant "hot spots" are generated by the closely arranged AuNPs in the 3D geometry of the ESM networks. This makes the SERS substrate highly sensitive because of remarkable signal amplification. The substrates were applied to the rapid detection of TBZ in Oolong tea. The limit of detection for TBZ is 0.1 ppm. Graphical abstract Schematic presentation of a three-dimensional flexible interconnected porous nanocomposite membrane as surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate for detection of thiabendazole (TBZ) in tea.

5.
Food Chem ; 295: 311-319, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174763

RESUMO

A novel gene aga3027 from the genome of Flammeovirga sp. OC4, isolated from the deep sea, was screened and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21. This gene encoded the genetic information of a potential agarase that consists of 851 amino acids and belongs to 16 ß-agarase family of glycoside hydrolase. Purified recombinant Aga3027 demonstrated the maximum activity of agarase at 40 °C and pH 9.0, displaying excellent thermostability and pH-stability. The agarase retained more than 80% of its maximum activity after incubation at 30-40 °C for 48 h, or after incubation at pH 6.0-9.0 for 60 min, which indicated that this agarase was suitable for industrial applications. Silica gel chromatography was used to purify the hydrolysates of agar treated by agarase from the recombinant Aga3027. The hydrolysates were identified as neoagarotetraose and neoagarohexaose by thin layer chromatography and further confirmed by ion chromatography.


Assuntos
Ágar/química , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Ágar/metabolismo , Bacteroidetes/enzimologia , Bacteroidetes/genética , Cromatografia em Camada Delgada , Estabilidade Enzimática , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Galactosídeos/metabolismo , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/genética , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Hidrólise , Oligossacarídeos/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Temperatura Ambiente
6.
Food Chem ; 297: 124955, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31253342

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effect of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) on membrane lipids metabolism and its relation to pulp breakdown development of longan fruit during postharvest storage. Compared to the control longans, H2O2-treated longans showed higher pulp breakdown index, cell membrane permeability, and activities of phospholipase D (PLD), lipase and lipoxygenase (LOX). Moreover, H2O2-treated longans maintained higher levels of pulp phosphatidic acid (PA) and saturated fatty acids (SFA). However, H2O2-treated longans exhibited lower levels of pulp phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylinositol (PI) and unsaturated fatty acids (USFA), lower index of unsaturated fatty acids (IUFA), and lower ratio of USFA to SFA (U/S). These findings demonstrated that H2O2 caused the increased activities of enzymes involving in membrane lipids degradation and the accelerated decompositions of membrane USFA and phospholipids in longan pulp, which eventually triggered the destruction of the pulp cell membrane structure and the development of pulp breakdown in longans during storage.


Assuntos
Enzimas/metabolismo , Frutas/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Lipídeos de Membrana/metabolismo , Sapindaceae/química , Enzimas/química , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Ácidos Graxos/química , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Frutas/efeitos dos fármacos , Frutas/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Lipase/química , Lipase/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipoxigenase/química , Lipoxigenase/metabolismo , Lipídeos de Membrana/química , Fosfolipase D/metabolismo , Fosfolipídeos/química , Fosfolipídeos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Sapindaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Sapindaceae/metabolismo
7.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 130: 253-261, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31103740

RESUMO

Compound K is a type of protopanaxadiol-type ginsenosides (PPDs) that has strong bioactivities due to fewer glycosyls. However, compound K is not present in raw and unprocessed ginseng. Some PPDs have the same structure with gypenosides, and could be obtained from Gynostemma pentaphyllum. The enzymolysis of PPD-type gypenosides of G. pentaphyllum by naringinase has been reported for the first time in this research. In addition, isolation and identification of enzymolysis end product, and the optimization of enzymolysis parameters were investigated. The results showed that compound K was produced from the enzymolysis of PPD-type gypenosides by naringinase, and could be isolated and purificated by HP-20 macroporous resin and C-18 column chromatography. The optimum enzymolysis conditions determined by the response surface methodology (RSM) are pH 4.1, 50 °C, and 71 h, with a yield of 65.44 ±â€¯4.52% for compound K. These results demonstrated that enzymolysis could be a promising method for producing compound K from the biotransformation of PPD-type gypenosides of G. pentaphyllum.


Assuntos
Ginsenosídeos/química , Ginsenosídeos/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida , Gynostemma/química , Modelos Químicos , Complexos Multienzimáticos/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , beta-Glucosidase/metabolismo
8.
Carbohydr Polym ; 217: 126-134, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31079668

RESUMO

Longan pulp is an excellent source of polysaccharides and other nutrients that have many health benefits. However, longans is susceptible to pulp breakdown after harvest and loses its nutrition values. To solve this problem, this study aimed to study the effects of a novel chitosan, Kadozan, on pulp breakdown index, contents of pectin, cellulose and hemicelluloses, and activities of enzymes in longan pulp relating to disassembly of polysaccharides (XET, PE, PG, ß-Gal, and cellulase). The data illustrated that, compared to the control longans, chitosan-treated longans contained higher amounts of CWM, CSP, ISP, cellulose and hemicelluloses, but exhibited lower pulp breakdown index, lower activities of cell wall-disassembling enzymes, and contained lower WSP amount. These results suggested that Kadozan with a dilution of 1:500 (VKadozan: VKadozan + Water) could significantly decrease activities of disassembling-enzymes and depolymerization of polysaccharides in cell wall, and subsequently alleviate pulp breakdown and prolong storage-life of postharvest longans.


Assuntos
Parede Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Quitosana/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Frutas/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Sapindaceae/metabolismo , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Celulose/metabolismo , Conservação de Alimentos/métodos , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Hidrólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Pectinas/metabolismo
9.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 128: 89-96, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30946873

RESUMO

Defatted-sesame meal (DSM), a byproduct of sesame oil, has attracted considerable interest in the food industry because of its strong antioxidant activity. The aim of this study was to measure the content and distribution of lignans in DSM and evaluate their antioxidant activity after thermal processing and in vitro digestion. The results showed that the sesame lignans (SL) content and antioxidant activity were significantly influenced by the temperature and time during thermal preparation, and the maximum antioxidant potency composite index (ACI) was obtained after roasting the samples at 240 °C for 20 min. As sesame seed was processed with longer time and higher temperature, more pinoresinol diglucoside (PD) and sesamol were measured in DSM. According to the correlation matrix under thermal preparation, a significant contribution to the antioxidant potency of DSM was discovered. After in vitro digestion, the release amount of lignans increased by 19.6%, and the values of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity and ACI gradually declined after digestion, with a 40% decrease in both the DPPH radical scavenging activity and the ACI from oral to intestinal phase. These results could be used to help improve the bioavailability of SL and obtaining high quality sesame byproducts.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Temperatura Alta , Sementes/metabolismo , Sesamum/embriologia , Disponibilidade Biológica , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Hidrólise , Técnicas In Vitro , Lignanas/metabolismo , Lignanas/farmacologia , Modelos Biológicos , Picratos/farmacologia
10.
Food Chem ; 275: 239-245, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30724192

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effects of Lasiodiplodia theobromae (Pat.) Griff. & Maubl (L. theobromae) inoculation on the energy status and activity of adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) during L. theobromae-induced disease development and pericarp browning of harvested 'Fuyan' longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour. cv. Fuyan) fruit. The results showed that, compared to the control longans, L. theobromae-inoculated longans displayed higher indices of fruit disease and pericarp browning, lower pericarp ATP and ADP contents, higher AMP content, lower level of energy charge, as well as lower activities of Ca2+-ATPase, Mg2+-ATPase and H+-ATPase in membranes of plasma, vacuole, and mitochondria. These results indicated that the infection of L. theobromae reduced energy status and ATPase activities, caused ions disorder, damaged the integrity and function of the cell and organelles including vacuole and mitochondria in pericarp of longan fruit, which contributed to L. theobromae-promoted disease development and pericarp browning of harvested longan fruit during storage.


Assuntos
Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Ascomicetos/patogenicidade , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Sapindaceae/metabolismo , Sapindaceae/microbiologia , Difosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Metabolismo Energético , Frutas/metabolismo , Frutas/microbiologia , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Vacúolos/metabolismo
11.
Food Chem ; 270: 229-235, 2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30174039

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effects of acidic electrolyzed oxidizing water (AEW) treatment on storability and metabolism of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in blueberries cv. 'Brightwell' during storage at 4 °C. Results showed that, compared with the control blueberries, AEW treated-blueberries exhibited lower incidence of fruit decay, higher rate of commercially acceptable fruit, higher fruit firmness and skin hardness, and higher anthocyanin and total phenolics contents, along with higher activities of SOD, CAT and APX, higher antioxidant activity, but lower generation rate of superoxide anion and cell membrane permeability. These results demonstrated that AEW treatment for enhancing storability of harvested blueberries during storage may be mediated by regulating ROS metabolism, manifested as AEW increasing ROS scavenging capacity and reducing ROS accumulation, and thereby maintained the structural integrity of cellular membrane, which indicated that AEW treatment was a facile postharvest method for extending the shelf life of harvested blueberries.


Assuntos
Mirtilos Azuis (Planta)/química , Armazenamento de Alimentos/métodos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Antocianinas , Antioxidantes , Frutas , Água
12.
Front Microbiol ; 9: 2466, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30386318

RESUMO

Phomopsis longanae Chi is a major pathogenic fungus that infects harvested longan fruit. This study aimed to investigate the effects of P. longanae on reactive oxygen species (ROS) metabolism and its relation to the pericarp browning and disease development of harvested longan fruit during storage at 28°C and 90% relative humidity. Results showed that compared to the control longans, P. longanae-inoculated longans displayed higher indexes of pericarp browning and fruit disease, higher O2 -. generation rate, higher accumulation of malondialdehyde (MDA), lower contents of glutathione (GSH) and ascorbic acid (AsA), lower 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging ability and reducing power in pericarp. In addition, P. longanae-infected longans exhibited higher activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) in the first 2 days of storage, and lower activities of SOD, CAT, and APX during storage day 2-5 than those in the control longans. These findings indicated that pericarp browning and disease development of P. longanae-infected longan fruit might be the result of the reducing ROS scavenging ability and the increasing O2 -. generation rate, which might lead to the peroxidation of membrane lipid, the loss of compartmentalization in longan pericarp cells, and subsequently cause polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and peroxidase (POD) to contact with phenolic substrates which result in enzymatic browning of longan pericarp, as well as cause the decrease of disease resistance to P. longanae and stimulate disease development of harvested longan fruit.

13.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2018 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30403851

RESUMO

This study investigated the changes in metabolisms of membrane lipids and phenolics caused by Phomopsis longanae Chi infection in association with pericarp browning and fruit disease occurrence of postharvest longans. Compared with the uninoculated-longans, the longans inoculated by P. longanae exhibited higher cellular membrane permeability; higher PLD, lipase, and LOX activities; and higher levels of saturated fatty acids (SFAs) and phosphatidic acid but lower levels of phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylcholine, and unsaturated fatty acids (USFAs). Additionally, the longans inoculated by P. longanae showed higher activities of POD and PPO but a lower amount of total phenolics. These findings suggested that infection of P. longanae enhanced activities of PLD-, lipase-, and LOX- stimulated degradations of membrane lipids and USFAs, which destroyed the integrity of the cell membrane structure, resulting in enzymatic browning by contact of phenolics with POD and PPO, and resulting in reduction of resistance to pathogen infection and accordingly accelerated disease occurrence of postharvest longan fruit.

14.
Food Chem ; 266: 299-308, 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30381189

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effects of a novel chitosan formulation (Kadozan) treatment on disease development, response of disease resistance, metabolism of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in Peronophthora litchii-inoculated "Wuye" litchis. Compared with P. litchii-inoculated litchis, Kadozan-treated P. litchii-inoculated litchis exhibited lower fruit disease index, higher lignin content, higher activities of disease resistance-related enzymes (CHI, GLU and PAL), lower O2- generating rate and malondialdehyde content, higher activities of ROS scavenging enzymes (SOD, CAT and APX), higher contents of ascorbic acid and glutathione, and higher levels of reducing power and DPPH radical scavenging activity. These results suggest that Kadozan can be used to inhibit the growth of P. litchii in harvested litchis owning to the enhancement of disease resistance and ROS scavenging capacity, and decreases in O2- accumulation and membrane lipid peroxidation. Kadozan treatment can be used as a facile and novel method for suppressing postharvest pathogenic disease of litchis.

15.
Front Microbiol ; 9: 2583, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30425698

RESUMO

Pestalotiopsis microspora (P. microspora) is one of dominant pathogenic fungi causing rotten disease in harvested Chinese olive (Canarium album Lour.) fruits. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the antifungal activities of ginger oleoresin (GO) against P. microspora and to illuminate the underlying action mechanisms. The in vitro assays indicate that GO exhibited strong antifungal activity against mycelial growth of P. microspore, and with 50%-inhibition concentration (EC 50) and 90%-inhibition concentration (EC 90) at 2.04 µL GO and 8.87 µL GO per mL propylene glycol, respectively, while the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal fungicidal concentration were at 10 µL GO and 30 µL GO per mL propylene glycol, respectively. Spore germination of P. microspora was inhibited by GO in a dose-dependent manner, and with 100% inhibition rate at the concentration of 8 µL GO per mL propylene glycol. Compared to the control, the cellular membrane permeability of P. microspora increased due to severe leakage of intercellular electrolytes, soluble proteins, and total sugars with the treatments (EC 50, EC 90) by GO during incubation. In addition, analysis of fatty acid contents and compositions in cellular membrane by GC-MS indicated that GO could significantly promote the degradation or peroxidation of unsaturated fatty acids in P. microspore, resulting in the enhancement of membrane fluidity. Moreover, observations of microstructure further showed the damage to plasma membrane and morphology of P. microspora caused by GO, which resulted in distortion, sunken and shriveled spores and mycelia of the pathogen. Furthermore, in vivo assay confirmed that over 3 MIC GO treatments remarkably suppressed disease development in P. microspore inoculated-Chinese olive fruit. These results demonstrate that owing to its strong antifungal activity, GO can be used as a promising antifungal agent to inhibit the growth of pathogenic fungi in Chinese olives.

16.
Food Chem ; 269: 644-651, 2018 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30100484

RESUMO

Compared to P. longanae-inoculated longan fruit, DNP-treated P. longanae-inoculated longans displayed higher fruit disease index, pericarp browning index and cell membrane permeability. Moreover, they exhibited higher activities of phospholipase D, lipase and lipoxygenase, lower amounts of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol and USFA (unsaturated fatty acids) as well as higher amounts of phosphatidic acid and SFA (saturated fatty acids). Additionally, lower ratio of USFA to SFA and USFA index were shown in DNP-treated P. longanae-inoculated longans. However, ATP-treated P. longanae-inoculated longans exhibited the opposite results. These findings indicated that DNP stimulated longan pericarp browning and disease development caused by P. longanae resulted from the increases in activities of membrane lipids-degrading enzymes, promoting degradation of membrane phospholipids and USFA, and disruption of membrane structural integrity. Whereas, the opposite results observed in ATP-treated P. longanae-inoculated longans were due to the reduction in activities of membrane lipids-degrading enzymes and the maintenance of membrane structural integrity.

17.
Front Microbiol ; 9: 1454, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30018608

RESUMO

Longan fruit is a popular subtropical fruit with a relatively short shelf life at room temperature mainly due to pericarp browning and fungal infection. This study aimed to investigate the infection of Phomopsis longanae Chi in longan fruit and its effects on the storability and shelf life of longan fruit. The relationship between the energy metabolism of harvested longan fruit and disease development and pericarp browning was elucidated. Results show that P. longanae-inoculation accelerated the deterioration of longan fruit and caused pericarp browning. It also led to the energy deficit in pericarp of longan fruit, which was reflected as lower contents of ATP and ADP, higher AMP content, and lower energy charge as compared to the control samples. Additionally, P. longanae-infection reduced the activities of H+-ATPase, Ca2+-ATPase, and Mg2+-ATPase in plasma, vacuolar, and mitochondrial membranes during the storage period. The results demonstrate that P. longanae-infection led to disease development and pericarp browning in harvested longan fruit, which were due to the infection-induced energy deficit and low ATPase activity that caused disorders of ion transport and distribution, and damaged the structure and function of vacuole, mitochondria, and eventually the whole cells of fruit tissues.

18.
Food Chem ; 264: 1-8, 2018 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29853352

RESUMO

Disassembly of cell wall polysaccharides accompanied with softening is very common in harvested fruits. To develop a facile postharvest approach, which can be used at ambient temperature, for suppressing softening and maintaining higher nutritive cell wall polysaccharides of Younai plums, influences of paper containing 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) on firmness, activities of cell wall-degrading enzymes, and contents of cell wall polysaccharide in Younai plums during storage at 25 ±â€¯1 °C were investigated. As compared to the control plums, 1.2 µL·L-1 1-MCP-treated plums exhibited higher firmness, lower activities of cell wall-degrading enzymes (pectinesterase, polygalacturonase, cellulase and ß-galactosidase), higher contents of cell wall polysaccharides (sodium carbonate-soluble pectin, chelate-soluble pectin, cellulose, and hemicelluloses), and lower content of water-soluble pectin. The results suggested that paper containing 1-MCP, which was convenient to apply under ambient temperature, could significantly inhibit activities of cell wall degrading-enzymes and decrease disassembly of cell wall polysaccharides, and subsequently retard softening in Younai plums.


Assuntos
Ciclopropanos/farmacologia , Armazenamento de Alimentos/métodos , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Prunus domestica/efeitos dos fármacos , Prunus domestica/metabolismo , Hidrolases de Éster Carboxílico/metabolismo , Parede Celular/química , Parede Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Frutas/química , Frutas/efeitos dos fármacos , Frutas/metabolismo , Papel , Pectinas/química , Pectinas/metabolismo , Poligalacturonase/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/química , Prunus domestica/química
19.
Front Microbiol ; 9: 1051, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29875756

RESUMO

The main goal of this study was to investigate the influences of Phomopsis longanae Chi infection on activities of cell wall-degrading enzymes (CWDEs), and contents of cell wall components in pericarp of harvested "Fuyan" longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour. cv. Fuyan) fruit and its relation to disease development. The results showed that, compared with the control samples, P. longanae-inoculated longans showed higher fruit disease index, lower content of pericarp cell wall materials (CWMs), as well as lower contents of pericarp cell wall components (chelate-soluble pectin (CSP), sodium carbonate-soluble pectin, hemicelluloses, and cellulose), but higher content of pericarp water-soluble pectin (WSP). In addition, the inoculation treatment with P. longanae significantly promoted the activities of CWDEs including pectinesterase, polygalacturonase, ß-galactosidase, and cellulase. The results suggested that the P. longanae stimulated-disease development of harvested longans was due to increase in activities of pericarp CWDEs, which might accelerate the disassembly of pericarp cell wall components. In turn, resulting in the degradation of pericarp cell wall, reduction of pericarp mechanical strength, and subsequently leading to the breakdown of longan pericarp tissues. Eventually resulting in development of disease development and fruit decay in harvested longans during storage at 28°C.

20.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 119: 133-140, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29751073

RESUMO

Corilagin content from different parts of longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour.) was determined by ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) method. Additionally, the potential synergistic effects of corilagin + ginsenoside Rh2 (Rh2), and corilagin + 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) on ovarian cancer cells, and cancer-preventing activities, including inhibition of tyrosinase, properties of antioxidant and nitrite-scavenging, and blocking of nitrosamine synthesis were investigated. The results showed the content of corilagin from different parts of longan varied widely, while corilagin content in longan seed was high with a value of 542.15 ± 10.30 µg/g. Then the corilagin from longan seed was chosen for further study, since longan seed was easily obtained from by-product of longan fruit processing with low cost. Furthermore, the combinations of corilagin + Rh2, and corilagin + 5-FU showed an increased synergistic cytotoxicity on SKOv3ip and Hey cells. Moreover, corilagin inhibited exhibited effects of inhibiting tyrosinase, antioxidation, scavenging nitrite and blocking nitrosamine synthesis.


Assuntos
Fluoruracila/farmacologia , Ginsenosídeos/farmacologia , Glucosídeos/química , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Taninos Hidrolisáveis/química , Taninos Hidrolisáveis/farmacologia , Sapindaceae/química , Sementes/química , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Depuradores de Radicais Livres , Ginsenosídeos/administração & dosagem , Glucosídeos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Taninos Hidrolisáveis/administração & dosagem , Nitritos , Nitrosaminas , Neoplasias Ovarianas
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