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1.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 3251-3266, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32440122

RESUMO

Background: Peripheral neuropathy is a common and painful side effect that occurs in patients with cancer induced by Oxaliplatin (OXL). The neurotoxicity correlates with the damage of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons and Schwann cells (SCs). Hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA), icariin, epimedin B and 3, 4-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DA) are the main neuroprotective ingredients identified in Wen-Luo-Tong (WLT), a traditional Chinese medicinal topical compound. The purpose of this study was to prepare and evaluate the efficacy of an ethosomes gel formulation loaded with a combination of HSYA, icariin, epimedin B and DA. However, the low LogP value, poor solubility and macromolecule are several challenges for topical delivery of these drugs. Methods: Ethosomes were prepared by the single-step injection technique. Particle size, entrapment efficiency and in vitro drug deposition studies were determined to select the optimum ethosomes. The optimized ethosomes were further incorporated into carbopol to obtain a gel. The rheological properties, morphology, in vitro drug release, in vitro gel application and skin distribution of the ethosomes gels were studied. A rat model of oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy was established to assess the therapeutic efficacy of the ethosomes gel. Results: Seventy percent (v/v) ethanol, cinnamaldehyde and Phospholipon 90G were employed to develop ethosomes a carrier system. This system had a high entrapment efficiency, carried large amounts of HSYA, epimedin B, DA and icarrin, and penetrated deep into the epidermis and dermis. The optimized ethosomes had the maximum deposition of icariin, HSYA, epimedin B and relative higher amount of DA in epidermis (2.00±0.13 µg/cm2, 5.72±0.75 µg/cm2, 1.97±0.27 µg/cm2 and 9.25±1.21 µg/cm2, respectively). 0.5% carbopol 980 was selected to develop the ethosomes gel with desirable viscoelasticity and spreadability, which was suitable for topical application. The mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia induced by OXL in rats were significantly reduced after the new ethosomes gel was applied to rats compared to model group. Conclusion: Based on our findings, the ethosomes gel delivery system provided a new formulation for the topical delivery of HSYA, icariin, epimedin B and DA to counteract OXL-induced peripheral neuropathy.

2.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 46(8): 1981-1991, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29130769

RESUMO

Chemotherapy induced neuropathy causes excruciating pain to cancer patients. Wen-Luo-Tong (WLT), a traditional Chinese medicinal compound, has been used to alleviate anti-cancer drug such as oxaliplatin-induced neuropathic pain for many years. However, the current route of administration of WLT is inconvenient and the active ingredients and mechanism of action of WLT are still unclear. To address these issues, we developed a novel formulation of WLT (W/O microemulsion) for the ease of application. New ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS) methods were employed for analysis of the ingredients. We identified seven ingredients that penetrated through the skin into the Franz cell receptor solution and four of those ingredients were retained in skin tissue when WLT microemulsion was applied. We tested the microemulsion formulation on an oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy rat model and showed that this formulation significantly decreased oxaliplatin-induced mechanical hyperalgesia responses. Schwann cells (SCs) viability experiment in vitro was studied to test the protective effect of the identified seven ingredients. The result showed that Hydroxysafflor Yellow A, icariin, epimedin B and 4-dihydroxybenzoic acid significantly increased the viability of SCs after injured by Oxaliplatin. Our report presents the first novel formulation of WLT with neuroprotective effect and ease of use, which has potential for clinical applications.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/tratamento farmacológico , Absorção Cutânea/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/metabolismo , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacocinética , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Emulsões , Masculino , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacocinética , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Compostos Organoplatínicos/efeitos adversos , Compostos Organoplatínicos/farmacologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/induzido quimicamente , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/metabolismo , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/patologia , Piridinas/efeitos adversos , Piridinas/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ratos Wistar , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 41(6): 1046-1053, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28875668

RESUMO

To optimize the matrix formulation of Chaizhi cataplasma (CC) and investigate its release and transdermal absorption properties in vitro. The optimized matrix formulation of cataplasma containing liquid herbal extract is determined by using D-optimal mixture design, with initial bonding strength, endurance bonding strength and gel strength as the evaluating indicators. Modified Franz diffusion cells were used to study the in vitro release and transdermal absorption of geniposide in CC. The optimized matrix formulation of CC contained NP700, aluminum glycinate, tartaric acid, glycerin, PVPK90 and water (9∶0.7∶0.8∶30∶5∶30.5). Cumulative release rate of geniposide in CC was (77.02±3.73)% in 24 h. The percutaneous penetration rate of geniposide was 7.25 µg•cm⁻²â€¢h⁻¹ and the 24 h permeated amount was (156.22±4.90) µg•cm⁻². The optimized CC prepared by the D-optimal mixture design showed a good adhesion and formability. The in vitro release of the geniposide in CC was in accordance with the first order equation, while its in vitro transdermal absorption was close to the zero order equation.


Assuntos
Química Farmacêutica/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Administração Cutânea , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacocinética , Iridoides/administração & dosagem , Iridoides/química , Iridoides/farmacocinética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/metabolismo , Absorção Cutânea
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 38(23): 4052-5, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24791487

RESUMO

The total RNA was extracted from ginseng leaves of Panax ginseng. The Cu/Zn-SOD gene was amplified via RT-PCR and the pET-28(a)-Cu/Zn-SOD expression vector was constructed. The pET-28 (a)-Cu/Zn-SOD recombinant plasmid was transformed into Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) competent cells and was induced by IPTG in order to select optimal induction of expression conditions. The target protein was purified by the nickel ions (Ni ) affinity chromatography and the target protein enzyme activity was determinated by the xanthine oxidase method. The similarity of the Cu/Zn-SOD gene sequences and the Cu/Zn-SOD gene sequences of Korean ginseng in NCBI was 99. 00%. The target protein expression level was about 44.42%, and the molecular weight was 16.30 kDa after the pET-28(a)-Cu/Zn-SOD recombinants were induced by IPTG. The purified Cu/Zn-SOD protease activity reached 10,596.69 U x mg(-1). The P. ginseng pET-28(a)-Cu/Zn-SOD prokaryotic expression vector was built by the method of molecular biology, which provided the foundation for studying the Cu/Zn-SOD biology function.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli/genética , Engenharia Genética/métodos , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Panax/enzimologia , Panax/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Clonagem Molecular , Expressão Gênica , Análise de Sequência , Superóxido Dismutase/isolamento & purificação , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 38(24): 4281-6, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24791531

RESUMO

The contents of schisandrin, schizandrin A, B and C were determined by HPLC, and the effects of the climate factors and altitude on lignin contents were analyzed in order to select the optimal cultivation area of S. chinensis. The lignin contents were analyzed by HPLC using a ZORBAX SB-C18 column (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm). The column temperature and detection wave length were set at 35 degrees C and 254 nm, respectively. Methanol-water was used as the mobile phase in gradient elution mode and the flow-rate was 1.0 mL min(-1). The method had a good repeatability, stability and accuracy. The correlation of climate factors and lignins contents was analyzed by SPSS software. The results showed that the schizandrin A content in S. chinensis fruits were higher than 0.4% in Ji'an, Liuhe, Antu and Fusong in Jilin province, which met the quality requirement. It had significant linear negative correlation relationship between schisandrin, schizandrin A, B and altitude, the contents decreased with the increase of altitude. The significant negative linear fitting coefficient was 0.844 1 between schisandrin and altitude; but it had not significant correlation between schizandrin C and altitude. A significant positive correlation of climate factors and the contents of S. chinensis lignins were mainly the temperature factors (the average annual temperature, the highest temperature in July, the average temperature in July, the highest temperature in January, the average temperature in January) and precipitation factor (average annual precipitation), which reveals that higher temperature and precipitation were helpful to the formation and accumulation of lignins of S. chinensis. So the cultivation area of S. chinensis should be in the low elevations region with warm and rainy climate.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Ecológicos e Ambientais , Lignina/metabolismo , Schisandra/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Geografia
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