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2.
Front Oncol ; 11: 644676, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34084742

RESUMO

Background: Using the current tumor lymph node metastasis (TNM) staging system to make treatment decisions and predict survival in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) lacks sufficient accuracy. Patients at the same stage often have different survival prognoses. Methods: In the current study 802 NPC patients who underwent concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy from January 2010 to December 2014 at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center in China were retrospectively assessed. The optimal cut-off points for skeletal muscle index (SMI) and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) were determined via receiver operating characteristic curves. SMI-MLR (S-M) grade and a nomogram were developed and used as clinical indicators in NPC patients. The consistency index (C-index) and a calibration curve were used to measure the accuracy and discriminative capacity of prediction. Results: The predictive performance of S-M grade was better than that of TNM staging (C-index 0.639, range 0.578-0.701 vs. 0.605, range 0.545-0.665; p = 0.037). In multivariate analysis S-M grade, T stage, and N stage were independent prognostic factors. These three factors were then combined, yielding a nomogram with a C-index of 0.71 (range 0.64-0.77), indicating good predictive capacity. Conclusion: We developed and validated a prognostic parameter, S-M grade, which increased prediction accuracy significantly and can be combined with TNM staging to predict survival in patients with NPC undergoing concurrent chemoradiotherapy.

3.
Radiother Oncol ; 162: 202-211, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839207

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to establish an effective prognostic nomogram to predict the risk of early metastasis (EM) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients, as a guide for intensive treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 9021 patients with biopsy-confirmed NPC at our institute were enrolled in this study between December 2006 to December 2016. We randomized these patients using a proportion of 2/3 and 1/3 and selected 6044 and 2977 patients as the training and validation cohorts, respectively. All patients received radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy. Univariate and multivariate logistical regressions were used to identify independent risk factors. The nomogram's predictive value was evaluated by concordance indexes (C-indexes), calibration curves, probability density functions (PDFs), and clinical utility curves (CUCs). ROC analysis using Delong test was used to compare efficiency between the nomogram and other risk factors. RESULTS: In total, 174 (2.9%) and 81 (2.7%) patients in training and validation cohorts, respectively, had EM. Pretreatment plasma EBV DNA, N stage, LDH, ALP, BMI, and sex were independent predictive factors of EM. The C-indexes of nomogram were 0.756 (95% CI = 0.719-0.793) and 0.766 (95% CI = 0.720-0.813), in the training and validation cohorts, respectively. The C-index of the nomogram was significantly superior to any one of independent factors. According to the PDFs and CUCs and considering the balance of the true positive EM patients and true positive non-EM patients, we chose 5.0% as a threshold probability for clinical decision-making, which could distinguish about 85% and 48% of non-EM and EM patients, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our nomogram had good accuracy in predicting EM incidence, and a 5.0% threshold was appropriate for clinical decision-making.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Nomogramas , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico
4.
Leukemia ; 35(11): 3212-3222, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33686197

RESUMO

Accurate survival prediction of persons with plasma cell myeloma (PCM) is challenging. We interrogated clinical and laboratory co-variates and RNA matrices of 1040 subjects with PCM from public datasets in the Gene Expression Omnibus database in training (N = 1) and validation (N = 2) datasets. Genes regulating plasma cell metabolism correlated with survival were identified and seven used to build a metabolic risk score using Lasso Cox regression analyses. The score had robust predictive performance with 5-year survival area under the curve (AUCs): 0.71 (95% confidence interval, 0.65, 0.76), 0.88 (0.67, 1.00) and 0.64 (0.57, 0.70). Subjects in the high-risk training cohort (score > median) had worse 5-year survival compared with those in the low-risk cohort (62% [55, 68%] vs. 85% [80, 90%]; p < 0.001). This was also so for the validation cohorts. A nomogram combining metabolic risk score with Revised International Staging System (R-ISS) score increased survival prediction from an AUC = 0.63 [0.58, 0.69] to an AUC = 0.73 [0.66, 0.78]; p = 0.015. Modelling predictions were confirmed in in vitro tests with PCM cell lines. Our metabolic risk score increases survival prediction accuracy in PCM.

5.
Front Oncol ; 11: 625534, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33777769

RESUMO

Background: The present study aimed to construct a prognostic nomogram including Epstein-Barr virus DNA (EBV-DNA) and sarcopenia in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). Methods: In this retrospective analysis, we studied 1,045 patients with NPC who had been treated with CCRT between 2010 and 2014. Sarcopenia was determined using routine pre-radiotherapy computed tomography scans of the third cervical vertebrae. A new S-E grade was constructed using a receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses determined cutoff values of sarcopenia and plasma EBV-DNA. The nomogram was developed base on the sarcopenia-EBV (S-E) grade and traditional prognostic factors. A calibration curve, time-dependent ROC, decision curve analysis, and the concordance index (C-index) determined the accuracy of prediction and discrimination of the nomogram, and were compared with TNM staging system and a traditional nomogram. Results: Patient survival was significantly different when sarcopenia (P < 0.001) or EBV-DNA (P = 0.001) were used and they continued to be independent prognostic factors for survival upon univariate (P < 0.001, P = 0.002, respectively) and multivariate (P < 0.001, P = 0.015, respectively) analyses. Predicting overall survival (OS) was more accurate using the S-E grade than using TNM staging and sarcopenia or EBV-DNA alone. Nomogram B (model with sarcopenia) or nomogram A (model without sarcopenia) were then developed based on the identified independent prognostic factors. Comparing nomogram prediction with actual observation showed good agreement among the calibration curves for probability of 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS. Predicted survival (C-index = 0.77) of nomogram B was statistically higher than that of nomogram A (0.676, P = 0.020) and TNM staging (0.604, P < 0.001). Risk group stratification could distinguish between survival curves within respective TNM stages (all stages, P < 0.001; stage III, P < 0.001; stage IV, P = 0.002). Conclusions: The sarcopenia-EBV DNA nomogram allowed more accurate prediction of prognosis for patients with NPC receiving CCRT.

6.
JAMA ; 325(1): 50-58, 2021 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300950

RESUMO

Importance: Among all subtypes of breast cancer, triple-negative breast cancer has a relatively high relapse rate and poor outcome after standard treatment. Effective strategies to reduce the risk of relapse and death are needed. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and adverse effects of low-dose capecitabine maintenance after standard adjuvant chemotherapy in early-stage triple-negative breast cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: Randomized clinical trial conducted at 13 academic centers and clinical sites in China from April 2010 to December 2016 and final date of follow-up was April 30, 2020. Patients (n = 443) had early-stage triple-negative breast cancer and had completed standard adjuvant chemotherapy. Interventions: Eligible patients were randomized 1:1 to receive capecitabine (n = 222) at a dose of 650 mg/m2 twice a day by mouth for 1 year without interruption or to observation (n = 221) after completion of standard adjuvant chemotherapy. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was disease-free survival. Secondary end points included distant disease-free survival, overall survival, locoregional recurrence-free survival, and adverse events. Results: Among 443 women who were randomized, 434 were included in the full analysis set (mean [SD] age, 46 [9.9] years; T1/T2 stage, 93.1%; node-negative, 61.8%) (98.0% completed the trial). After a median follow-up of 61 months (interquartile range, 44-82), 94 events were observed, including 38 events (37 recurrences and 32 deaths) in the capecitabine group and 56 events (56 recurrences and 40 deaths) in the observation group. The estimated 5-year disease-free survival was 82.8% in the capecitabine group and 73.0% in the observation group (hazard ratio [HR] for risk of recurrence or death, 0.64 [95% CI, 0.42-0.95]; P = .03). In the capecitabine group vs the observation group, the estimated 5-year distant disease-free survival was 85.8% vs 75.8% (HR for risk of distant metastasis or death, 0.60 [95% CI, 0.38-0.92]; P = .02), the estimated 5-year overall survival was 85.5% vs 81.3% (HR for risk of death, 0.75 [95% CI, 0.47-1.19]; P = .22), and the estimated 5-year locoregional recurrence-free survival was 85.0% vs 80.8% (HR for risk of locoregional recurrence or death, 0.72 [95% CI, 0.46-1.13]; P = .15). The most common capecitabine-related adverse event was hand-foot syndrome (45.2%), with 7.7% of patients experiencing a grade 3 event. Conclusions and Relevance: Among women with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer who received standard adjuvant treatment, low-dose capecitabine maintenance therapy for 1 year, compared with observation, resulted in significantly improved 5-year disease-free survival. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01112826.


Assuntos
Capecitabina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Capecitabina/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Seguimentos , Síndrome Mão-Pé/etiologia , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Mastectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasia Residual , Observação , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/cirurgia
7.
Front Oncol ; 10: 539321, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33240805

RESUMO

Background: To compare the efficacy of induction chemotherapy plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy (IC+CCRT) versus induction chemotherapy plus radiotherapy (IC+RT) in patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Patients and Methods: One thousand three hundred twenty four patients with newly-diagnosed NPC treated with IC+CCRT or IC+RT were enrolled. Progression-free survival (PFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), overall survival (OS), locoregional relapse-free survival (LRFS), and acute toxicities during radiotherapy were compared using propensity score matching (PSM). A nomogram was developed to predict the 3- and 5-year PFS with or without concurrent chemotherapy (CC). Results: PSM assigned 387 patients to the IC+CCRT group and IC+RT group, respectively. After 3 years, no significant difference in PFS (84.7 vs. 87.5%, P = 0.080), OS (95.5 vs. 97.6%, P = 0.123), DMFS (89.7 vs. 92.8%, P = 0.134), or LRFS (94.0 vs. 94.1%, P = 0.557) was noted between the groups. Subgroup analysis indicated comparable survival outcomes in low-risk NPC patients (II-III with EBV DNA <4,000 copies/ml) between the groups, although IC+RT alone was associated with fewer acute toxicities. However, IC+CCRT was associated with significantly higher 3-year PFS, OS, DMFS, and LRFS rates, relative to IC+RT alone, in high-risk NPC patients (IVa-b or EBV DNA ≥4,000 copies/ml). Multivariate analysis showed that T category, N category, EBV DNA level, and treatment group were predictive of PFS, and were hence incorporated into the nomogram. The nomogram predicted that the magnitude of benefit from CC could vary significantly. Conclusions: IC+RT had similar efficacy as IC+CCRT in low-risk NPC patients, but was associated with fewer acute toxicities. However, in high-risk patients, IC+CCRT was superior to IC+RT.

8.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 1146, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33238939

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The value of postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) for pathological node-positive triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) remains debatable. The aim of this population-based retrospective study was to evaluate the effect of PMRT on survival outcomes in this population. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with stage T1-4N1-N3M0 TNBC between 2010 and 2014 were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. We used univariate and multivariate Cox regression hazards method to determine the independent prognostic factors associated with 3-year breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS). The effect of PMRT on 3-year BCSS was analyzed after stratification by pathological staging of groups. RESULTS: Of the 4398 patients included in this study, 2649 (60.2%) received PMRT. Younger age, black ethnicity, and advanced tumor (T) and nodal (N) stage were the independent predictors associated with PMRT receipt (all P < 0.05). Patients who received PMRT showed better 3-year BCSS (OR = 0.720, 95% CI = 0.642-0.808, P < 0.001) than those that did not. The effect of PMRT on 3-year BCSS was analyzed after stratification by pathological staging of groups. The results showed that PMRT was associated with better 3-year BCSS in patients with stage T3-4N1 (P = 0.042), T1-4N2 (P < 0.001), and T1-4N3 (P < 0.001), while comparable 3-year BCSS was found between the PMRT and non-PMRT cohorts with T1-2N1 disease (P = 0.191). CONCLUSIONS: Radiotherapy achieved better 3-year BCSS in TNBC patients with stage T3-4N1 and T1-4N2-3 disease. However, no survival benefit was found with the addition of PMRT in patients with T1-2N1 TNBC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/mortalidade , Carcinoma Lobular/mortalidade , Radioterapia Adjuvante/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/radioterapia , Carcinoma Lobular/patologia , Carcinoma Lobular/radioterapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Mastectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Programa de SEER , Taxa de Sobrevida , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/radioterapia
9.
Ther Adv Med Oncol ; 12: 1758835920947612, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913446

RESUMO

Background: Given the growing evidence that sarcopenia is associated with toxicity and survival in various cancers, we investigated its significance in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). Methods: In this retrospective analysis, we studied 862 NPC patients who had received CCRT between 2010 and 2014. Sarcopenia was determined using routine pre-radiotherapy computed tomography (CT) simulation scans at the third cervical vertebral level. Receiver-operating characteristic curve analyses were used to determine the optimal cutoff values. Propensity score matching (PSM) was applied to develop comparable cohorts of patients with or without sarcopenia. Results: A total of 862 patients were included as the primary cohort, and 308 patients were matched and regarded as the matched cohort. In the primary cohort, the 5-year overall survival (OS), locoregional recurrence-free survival, and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) rates for the sarcopenia group versus non-sarcopenia group were 78.2% versus 93.6% (p < 0.001), 89.4% versus 87.9% (p = 0.918), and 82.5% versus 89.0% (p = 0.007), respectively. Univariate and multivariate survival analyses revealed that sarcopenia was an independent predictor of OS (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001) and DMFS (p = 0.009, p = 0.034). Patients with sarcopenia experienced significantly higher rates of treatment-related toxicities compared with patients without sarcopenia (p = 0.032). In addition, patients with sarcopenia also experienced significantly worse treatment response than those without sarcopenia (p = 0.004). Similar results were found in a PSM cohort. Conclusion: The current findings support that sarcopenia is a promising indicator for predicting clinical outcomes in NPC patients receiving CCRT. A simple and rapid analysis on CT simulation images can provide information about the therapeutic toxicity and survival prognosis, consequently guiding personalized multi-modality interventions during CCRT.

11.
Front Oncol ; 10: 580, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32373539

RESUMO

Purpose: It was reported that the novel preoperative systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) can predict survival in cases of many malignant tumors. However, the prognostic significance of preoperative SII in breast cancer remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between SII and survival in breast cancer patients. Methods: Breast cancer patients (1,026) who underwent a mastectomy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center were retrospectively studied. The SII was determined using the following formula: neutrophil count × platelet count/lymphocyte count. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the optimal cut-off value for SII. Propensity score matching (PSM) was applied to develop comparable cohorts of high SII group and low SII group. Results: A total of 1,026 patients were included as the primary cohort, and 894 patients were matched and regarded as the matched cohort. Patients were divided into two groups based on SII value: SII <601.7 and high SII >601.7. In the primary cohort, the 5-years overall survival (OS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) rates for high SII group and low SII group were (85.6% vs. 91.3%, P = 0.016), (95.8% vs. 96.4%, P = 0.684), and (83.5% vs. 90.6%, P = 0.007), respectively. Univariate analysis showed that histological type, T stage, N stage, PR, HER2, Ki67, and SII all showed significant associations with OS; and histological type, T stage, N stage, and SII all showed significant associations with DMFS. Multivariate survival analysis revealed that SII can independently predict OS (P = 0.017) and DMFS (P = 0.007). Similar results were found in PSM cohort. Conclusions: Preoperative SII may be a reliable predictor of OS and DMFS in patients with operable breast cancer to provide personalized prognostication and assist in formulation of the clinical treatment strategy.

13.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(6): 4931-4944, 2020 03 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221045

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to elucidate the optimal cumulative cisplatin dose (CCD) for concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) according to the post-induction chemotherapy (IC) plasma Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA level. RESULTS: EBV DNA was detected and undetected in 179 and 370 patients, respectively. Of the entire cohort, 73/549 (13.3%) patients received a total CCD ≥ 160 mg/m2 and 476/549 (86.7%) patients, <160 mg/m2. CCD enhancement was not associated with a survival benefit in patients with undetected EBV DNA after IC. However, among patients with post-IC detectable EBV DNA, higher 3-year PFS and locoregional relapse-free survival (LRFS) rates were observed in those who received a CCD ≥ 160 mg/m2. Multivariate analysis also showed CCD was an independent prognostic factor for PFS and LRFS in patients with post-IC detectable EBV DNA. CONCLUSIONS: CCD enhancement was not associated with a survival benefit in patients with undetected EBV DNA after IC. However, among patients with post-IC detectable EBV DNA, those receiving ≥160 mg/m2 CCD showed significantly improved 3-year PFS and LRFS. METHODS: NPC patients (549) treated with IC and CCRT were included. Prognosis was assessed using a multivariate Cox proportional hazards model. Furthermore, grade 1-4 toxicities were compared between different CCD groups.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Quimioterapia de Indução , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Quimiorradioterapia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/sangue , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/sangue , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Curr Probl Cancer ; 44(4): 100560, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32122667

RESUMO

The recently developed preoperative systemic inflammation response index (SIRI) was reported as a useful biomarker that could predict survival in certain types of malignant tumors. However, the prognostic value of preoperative SIRI in postmenopausal breast cancer remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the relationship between SIRI and survival in postmenopausal patients with breast cancer. A total of 390 postmenopausal patients with breast cancer who underwent a mastectomy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center were retrospectively studied. SIRI was based on peripheral neutrophil, monocyte, and lymphocyte counts, calculated as: neutrophil count × monocyte count/lymphocyte count. The best cut-off value for SIRI was determined using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Patients were divided into 2 groups:Low SIRI < 0.54 and high SIRI > 0.54. High SIRI was significantly related to progesterone receptor status. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that T stage, N stage, clinical stage, carcinoembryonic antigen, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, endocrinotherapy, and SIRI were significantly correlated with overall survival (OS). Multivariate analysis showed that SIRI could also independently predict OS. Preoperative SIRI may be a reliable predictor of OS in postmenopausal patients with operable breast cancer to provide personalized prognostication and to assist in the formulation of a clinical treatment strategy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/mortalidade , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Mastectomia/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/imunologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/imunologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Inflamação/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pós-Menopausa , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 89, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We compared the efficacy and toxicity of three IC regimens (TPF: taxanes, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil; TP: taxanes and cisplatin; and PF: cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil) followed by CCRT in locoregionally advanced NPC. METHODS: The retrospective study involved 1354 patients with newly diagnosed stage III-IVA NPC treated with IC and CCRT. The median follow-up time in our cohort was 50 months. Based on EBV DNA level, all the patients with stage IV were divided into low- (pre-EBV DNA < 1500 copies) and high-risk group (pre-EBV DNA ≥ 1500 copies). Progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), locoregional relapse free survival (LRFS), distant metastasis free survival (DMFS) and grade 3-4 toxicities were compared among different IC regimens. The survival rates were compared using log-rank test and a Cox proportional hazards model was used to perform multivariate analyses. RESULTS: A multivariate analysis revealed TPF to be more effective than TP. Among stage III patients, no significant difference in clinical outcome between the different IC regimens was showed, while TPF was associated with significantly better survival conditions in the stage IV patients. A further subgroup analysis revealed that only patients with pre-EBV DNA ≥ 1500 copies could benefit from the application of TPF among stage IV NPC. In terms of acute toxicities, PF was associated with fewer grade 3/4 acute toxicities. CONCLUSIONS: In low-risk NPC patients, PF-based IC showed similar efficacy as TPF and TP but was associated with fewer grade 3/4 acute toxicities. In high-risk patients, however, the TPF regimen was superior to PF and TP, although grade 3/4 toxicities were more common with the TPF regimen.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/tratamento farmacológico , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Criança , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , DNA Viral/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Fluoruracila/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/virologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/virologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxoides/administração & dosagem , Taxoides/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
Curr Probl Cancer ; 44(2): 100513, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Given the growing evidence that sarcopenia and inflammation influence the survival of patients with cancer, we evaluated the prognostic significance of the skeletal muscle index (SMI) combined with an inflammation marker in patients with breast cancer who underwent postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 301 patients with breast cancer who received postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy between 2010 and 2012. The SMI was measured using preradiotherapy computed tomography (CT) simulation images at the level of the fourth thoracic vertebra (T4). Receiver operating characteristic curve analyses were used to determine the optimal cutoff values for the SMI and inflammatory marker. Patients were divided into 2 groups (high SMI and low SMI), based on the SMI cutoff of 10.57 cm2/m2. RESULTS: Patients in the high-SMI group had a median overall survival (OS) of 62.4 months, which was significantly shorter than those in the low-SMI group, with a median OS of 68.5 months (P = 0.025). Patients in the high-SMI group had a median recurrence-free survival (RFS) of 62.3 months, which was shorter but not significantly than the median RFS of 65.2 months of the low-SMI group (P = 0.159). Univariate and multivariate survival analyses revealed SMI was an independent predictor of OS (P = 0.044). The SMI-MLR combination was found to be an independent predictor of OS (P = 0.006) and RFS (P = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: The current findings support the SMI as a promising indicator for predicting clinical outcomes in patients with breast cancer receiving postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy. A high SMI accompanied by systemic inflammation was significantly associated with reduced OS and RFS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/radioterapia , Inflamação/mortalidade , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Radioterapia Adjuvante/mortalidade , Sarcopenia/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/mortalidade , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Inflamação/etiologia , Inflamação/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos da radiação , Prognóstico , Radioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcopenia/etiologia , Sarcopenia/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 186, 2019 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis is critical to reduce the mortality caused by nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are dysregulated and play important roles in carcinogenesis. Therefore, this study aimed to identify diagnostically relevant circulating miRNA signatures in patients with NPC. METHODS: Total RNA was extracted from whole blood samples obtained from 120 patients with NPC, 30 patients with head-neck tumors (HNT), and 30 healthy subjects (HSs), and examined by using a custom microarray. The expression levels of four miRNAs identified by using the microarray were validated with quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The 120 patients with NPC and 30 HSs were randomly assigned to training group-1 and validation group-1, respectively. By using significance analysis of microarray (SAM), the specific miRNA expression profiles in whole blood from patients with NPC are obtained. By using lasso regression and adaptive boosting, a diagnostic signature was identified in training group-1, and its accuracy was verified in validation group-1. By using the same methods, another signature to distinguish patients with NPC from those with HNT and HSs was identified in training group-2 and confirmed in validation group-2. RESULTS: There were 117 differentially expressed miRNAs (upregulated and downregulated fold change ≥ 1.5) between the patients with NPC and HSs, among which an 8-miRNA signature was identified with 96.43% sensitivity and 100% specificity [area under the curve (AUC) = 0.995] to diagnose NPC in training group-1 and 86.11% sensitivity and 88.89% specificity (AUC = 0.941) in validation group-1. Compared with traditional Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) seromarkers, this signature was more specific for NPC. Furthermore, a 16-miRNA signature to differentiate NPC from HNT and HS (HNT-HS) was established from 164 differentially expressed miRNAs, which diagnosed NPC and HNT-HS with 100% accuracy (AUC = 1.000) in training group-2 and 87.04% (AUC = 0.924) in validation group-2. CONCLUSIONS: The present study identified two miRNA signatures for the highly accurate diagnosis and differential diagnosis of patients with NPC from HSs and patients with HNT. The identified miRNAs might represent novel serological biomarkers and potential therapeutic targets for NPC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , MicroRNAs/sangue , MicroRNAs/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/diagnóstico , Transcriptoma , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , MicroRNA Circulante/análise , MicroRNA Circulante/sangue , MicroRNA Circulante/genética , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Análise em Microsséries , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/sangue , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/sangue , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética
18.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 4809-4814, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31213902

RESUMO

Introduction: Albumin and alkaline phosphatase have been previously demonstrated as independent prognostic factors for various types of cancer. Here, we aimed to explore the potential value of pretreatment albumin to alkaline phosphatase ratio (AAPR) on overall survival (OS) in nonmetastatic breast cancer patients. Methods: A total of 746 nonmetastatic breast cancer patients were enrolled in this study. Receiver characteristic curve was used to analyze the AAPR threshold. Survival analysis was conducted using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared with the log-rank test. Both univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using Cox proportional hazards regression methodology. Results: The optimal cutoff value of AAPR in predicting OS in nonmetastatic breast cancer patients was 0.525. Increased pretreatment AAPR level was related to age at diagnosis (≥60 years vs <60 years, P=0.000), tumor size (T≤2 cm vs T>2 cm, P=0.034), estrogen receptor (positive vs negative, P=0.022), progesterone receptor (positive vs negative, P=0.025), carcino-embryonic antigen (abnormal vs normal, P=0.016), surgery (lumpectomy vs mastectomy, P=0.002), chemotherapy (yes vs no, P=0.004), radiotherapy (yes vs no, P=0.013), endocrine therapy (yes vs no, P=0.027) but not with lymph node involvement, HER-2 status or CA-153. The 5-year OS rate was 80.16% for the low AAPR group and 92.66% for the high AAPR group. Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that patients with low-AAPR levels had shorter OS than patients with high-AAPR levels (P=0.001). N classification (P<0.05), Ki-67 (HR=3.603, 95% CI=1.046-12.414, P=0.042) and AAPR (HR=0.447, 95% CI=0.205-0.976, P=0.043) were related to OS in multivariate analyses, respectively. Conclusion: AAPR is an independent prognostic factor for OS in nonmetastatic breast cancer patients. Further prospective studies are required to confirm our findings.

19.
Front Oncol ; 9: 270, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31041190

RESUMO

Introduction: It is still controversial whether post-mastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) is necessary for women with T1-2 N1mic ER-positive HER2-negative breast cancer. The 21-gene recurrence score (RS) assay has been validated in T1-2 N1 breast cancer to be prognostic of locoregional recurrence (LRR) and overall survival (OS). This study aims to evaluate the predict value of 21-gene recurrence score assay for the benefit of PMRT in T1-2 N1mic ER-positive HER2-negative breast cancer. Methods: A population-based cohort study was performed on women with T1-2 N1mic ER-positive HER2-negative breast cancer who underwent mastectomy and were evaluated using the 21-gene RS in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry between 2004 and 2015. Clinical characteristics as well as OS and breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) were compared between patients with and without PMRT in patients with a Low-, Intermediate-, and High-RS. Multivariate COX regression analysis was performed to investigate if the 21-gene RS assay could predict benefit of PMRT in this group of breast cancer patients. Results: A total of 1571 patients met the criteria of our study and were enrolled, including 970 patients in the Low-Risk group (score <18), 508 in the Intermediate-Risk group (score 18-30), and 93 patients in the High-Risk group (score >30). In the High-Risk group, there were more patients with age ≥50 (87.0 vs. 64.3%, P = 0.040) and received chemotherapy with a borderline significance (91.3 vs. 72.9%, P = 0.066) in the PMRT subgroup than in the no PMRT subgroup. In all three groups, OS was comparable between the PMRT subgroup and the no PMRT subgroup. Furthermore, multivariate analysis did not show any OS benefit for PMRT based on the 21-gene recurrence score. Conclusion: This study showed that the 21-gene RS assay was not able to predict the benefit of PMRT for OS in women with T1-2 N1mic ER-positive HER2-negative breast cancer. However, further prospective larger sample-size trials are warranted to determine if a benefit exists.

20.
Radiother Oncol ; 137: 83-94, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31078941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients can be separated into two risk subgroups according to tumor responses to induction chemotherapy (IC). We aimed to elucidate the optimal cumulative cisplatin dose (CCD) of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) for different NPC patient subgroups. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A total of 990 patients with incident NPC diagnosed between 2008 and 2017 treated with IC plus CCRT were included in our observational study. The clinicopathological features of patients with different tumor responses were compared using the Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. Prognosis was assessed using a multivariate Cox proportional hazards model. In addition, acute and late toxicities were compared between different CCD groups. RESULTS: After IC, 761/990 (76.9%) patients had a complete tumor response (CR)/partial response (PR) and 229 (23.1%) had stable disease (SD)/disease progression (PD). An unsatisfactory tumor response (SD/PD) after IC correlated with poor clinical outcome (3-year PFS 61.4% vs. 83.2%, P < 0.001 and 3-year LRFS 80.9% vs. 94.5%, P < 0.001). Patients who achieved CR/PR after IC received a CCD >200 mg/m2 and showed higher 3-year PFS and DMFS rates than those receiving a CCD <100 mg/m2 (PFS: 85.4% vs. 77.9%, P = 0.045; DMFS: 89.4% vs. 77.9%, P = 0.015). Multivariate analysis also showed that CCD was an independent prognostic factor for PFS and DMFS in CR/PR subgroup. Moreover, the medium dose group showed similar efficacy as high dose group but was associated with fewer grade 1-4 acute toxicities. However, application of different CCD didn't result in significantly different survival outcomes in SD/PD subgroup. CONCLUSIONS: Tumor response to IC was an independent prognostic factor for patients with NPC. For the patients who achieved CR/PR after IC, patients receiving high CCD showed significantly improved 3-year PFS and DMFS compared with patients receiving low CCD. Balancing toxicity and efficacy, 200 mg/m2 seemed to be the optimal dose in the CR/PR groups. However, enhancement of CCD did not provide survival benefit for patients who achieved SD/PD after IC, and treatment options for these patients require further consideration.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Quimiorradioterapia , Criança , Progressão da Doença , Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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