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1.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610623

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cisplatin-based chemotherapy (CBC) is highly efficacious for advanced cervical cancer; its efficacy can be enhanced by combining with 15 mg/kg (standard dose) bevacizumab (BEV). However, this standard dose is associated with various adverse events. Therefore, in this retrospective study, we analyzed the survival outcomes and adverse events in patients with advanced or recurrent cervical cancer treated with CBC in combination with BEV 7.5 mg/kg. METHODS: Registered patient data were retrieved between October 2014 and September 2019, and 64 patients with advanced or recurrent cervical cancer treated with CBC+BEV (n=21) or CBC alone (n=43) were analyzed. The primary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS); the secondary endpoints were the frequency and severity of adverse events (AEs). The Cox proportional-hazards model was applied to explore prognostic factors associated with PFS and OS. RESULTS: The 1-, 2-, and 3-year PFS rates (95% confidence interval (CI)) were 36.24% (22.0-50.5), 20.7% (9.8-34.2), and 17.7% (7.7-31.1) for the CBC group; and 71.4% (47.1-86.0), 51.0% (27.9-70.1), and 51.0% (27.9-70.1) for the CBC+BEV group, respectively. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates were 62.6% (46.4-75.18), 32.4% (18.8-46.9), and 23.2% (11.2-37.6) for the CBC group; and 85.7% (61.9-95.1), 66.6% (42.5-82.5), and 55.5% (27.1-76.7) for the CBC+BEV group, respectively. The CBC+BEV group presented higher PFS and OS rates, p=0.003 and p=0.005, respectively. Proteinuria (6 vs. 9, p=0.025) and hypertension (0 vs. 10, p<0.001) were less common, but anemia was more common in the CBC group (35 vs. 11, p=0.021). CONCLUSION: Overall, CBC+BEV significantly improved the PFS and OS compared with CBC alone. CBC+BEV also prevents severe adverse events and hence is an efficacious and safe therapeutic option.

2.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 403, 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33941152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most unstable trochanteric fractures are treated with internal fixation and often with high complication rates. Hemiarthroplasty might be an alternative method in difficult condition, especially in unstable comminuted fracture in fragile bone. However, few have investigated the long-term outcomes after hemiarthroplasty for unstable trochanteric fracture. We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study of trochanteric fracture after primary hemiarthroplasty using competing risk analysis on their long-term outcomes, including mortality, readmission and reoperation. METHODS: We studied a total of 2798 patients over 60 years old, with a mean age of 79 years, of which 68% are females and 67.23% have at least one comorbidity. They underwent a hemiarthroplasty for unstable trochanteric fracture during the period between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2010 and were follow-up until the end of 2012, or death. Survival analysis and Cox model were used to characterize mortality. Competing risk analysis and Fine and Gray model were used to estimate the cumulative incidences of the first readmission and the first reoperation. RESULTS: The follow-up mortality rate for 1-year was 17.94%; 2-year, 29.76%; 5-year, 56.8%; and 10-year, 83.38%. The cumulative incidence of the first readmission was 16.4% for 1-year and 22.44% for 3-year. The cumulative incidence of the first reoperation was 13.87% for 1-year, 18.11% for 2-year, 25.79% for 5-year, and 38.24% for 10-year. Male gender, older age, higher Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) and lower insured amount were all risk factors for the overall mortality. Older age and higher CCI were risk factors for the first readmission. Older age was a protective factor for reoperation, which is likely due to the competing death. CONCLUSIONS: The mortality and revision rates after hemiarthroplasty for unstable trochanteric fracture are acceptable as a salvage procedure for this fragile sub-population.


Assuntos
Hemiartroplastia , Fraturas do Quadril , Idoso , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Hemiartroplastia/efeitos adversos , Fraturas do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Acupunct Med ; 38(5): 352-360, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32429674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies on the effects of acupuncture on mortality and complication rates in hip fracture patients are limited by small sample size and short follow-up time. We aimed to assess the associations of acupuncture use with mortality, readmission and reoperation rates in hip fracture patients using a longitudinal population-based database. METHODS: A retrospective matched cohort study was conducted using data for the years 1996-2012 from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. Hip fracture patients were divided into an acupuncture group consisting of 292 subjects who received at least 6 acupuncture treatments within 183 days of hip fracture, and a propensity score matched "no acupuncture" group of 876 subjects who did not receive any acupuncture treatment and who functioned as controls. The two groups were compared using survival analysis and competing risk analysis. RESULTS: Compared to non-treated subjects, subjects treated with acupuncture had a lower risk of overall death (hazard ratio (HR): 0.41, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.24-0.73, p = 0.002), a lower risk of readmission due to medical complications (subdistribution HR (sHR): 0.64, 95% CI: 0.44-0.93, p = 0.019) and a lower risk of reoperation due to surgical complications (sHR: 0.62, 95% CI: 0.40-0.96, p = 0.034). CONCLUSION: This is the first study to suggest that postoperative acupuncture in hip fracture patients is associated with significantly lower mortality, readmission and reoperation rates compared with those of matched controls.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Fraturas do Quadril/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente , Pontuação de Propensão , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Injury ; 51(2): 414-419, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870609

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hip fractures can be divided into intra-capsular and extra-capsular fracture based on fracture location; these two types of fracture have different pathogeneses, treatments and prognoses. Many factors influence the patterns of hip fractures, including the injury mechanism, areal bone mineral density and the geometry of the hip. However, the relationship between body composition and hip fracture pattern has not yet been discussed. In this investigation, an analysis of the body compositions of geriatric patients with hip fractures were conducted to identify differences between fat and muscle distributions between patients with intra- and extra-capsular hip fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From December 2017 to February 2019, 139 patients with a hip fracture were prospectively enrolled in this study. The groups of patients that were diagnosed as having intra- and extra-capsular hip fractures were compared in terms of patient demographics, pre-operative laboratory data, bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition including muscle and fat distributions obtained using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) . RESULTS: Eighty-six and 53 patients were diagnosed with intra-capsular and extra-capsular hip fractures, respectively. A significantly higher serum glucose level, a lower hemoglobin level, a lower T-score level in the proximal femur region, a lower T-score of all parts of interest, and a lower percentage fat content on the region of bilateral proximal hips (gynoid region) and in the lower limb region, were observed in patients with an extra-capsular hip fracture than in those with an intra-capsular hip fracture. However, with all confounding factors controlled for, only the T-score at the proximal femur, percentage fat content in the region of bilateral proximal hips and the ratio of android fat content to gynoid fat content (A/G ratio) are the most relevant factors in predicting the patterns of hip fracture in geriatric patients after falling. CONCLUSION: This work demonstrates that lower fat content in the region of bilateral proximal hips and a lower BMD on the proximal femur may predict greater vulnerability of geriatric patients to extra-capsular rather than intra-capsular hip fracture after a falling accident.


Assuntos
Distribuição da Gordura Corporal , Densidade Óssea , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Quadril/diagnóstico , Absorciometria de Fóton , Acidentes por Quedas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Geriatria , Humanos , Fraturas Intra-Articulares/diagnóstico , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614465

RESUMO

Radical hysterectomy (RH) is the standard treatment for early stage cervical cancer, but the surgical approach for locally bulky-size cervical cancer (LBS-CC) is still unclear. We retrospectively compared the outcomes of women with LBS-CC treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) and subsequent RH between the robotic (R-RH) and abdominal approaches (A-RH). Between 2012 and 2014, 39 women with LBS-CC FIGO (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) stage IB2-IIB were treated with NACT-R-RH (n = 18) or NACT-A-RH (n = 21). Surgical parameters and prognosis were compared. Patient characteristics were not significantly different between the groups, but the NACT-R-RH group had significantly more patients with FIGO stage IIB disease, received multi-agent-based NACT, and had a lower percentage of deep stromal invasion than the NACT-A-RH group. After NACT-R-RH, surgical parameters were better, but survival outcomes, such as disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS), were significantly worse. On multivariate analysis, FIGO stage IIB contributed to worse DFS (p = 0.003) and worse OS (p = 0.012) in the NACT-A-RH group. Women with LBS-CC treated with NACT-R-RH have better perioperative outcomes but poorer survival outcomes compared with those treated with NACT-A-RH. Thus, patients with FIGO stage IIB LBS-CC disease might not be suitable for surgery after multi-agent-based NACT.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Histerectomia/métodos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
6.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 629, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31244656

RESUMO

Hip fracture is a major public health concern, with high incidence rates in the elderly worldwide. Hip fractures are associated with increased medical costs, patient dependency on families, and higher rates of morbidity and mortality. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is typically characterized as cost-effective and suitable for long-term use with few side effects. To better understand the effects of CHM on hip fracture patients, we utilized a population-based database to investigate the demographic characteristics, cumulative incidence of overall mortality, readmission, reoperation, and patterns of CHM prescription. We found that CHM usage was associated with a lower risk of overall mortality [P = 0.0009; adjusted hazard ratio (HR): 0.47, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.30-0.73], readmission (P = 0.0345; adjusted HR: 0.67, 95% CI: 0.46-0.97), and reoperation (P = 0.0009; adjusted HR: 0.57, 95% CI: 0.40-0.79) after adjustment for age, type of hip fracture, surgical treatment type, and comorbidities. We also identified the herbal formulas, single herbs, and prescription patterns for the treatment of hip fracture by using association rule mining and network analysis. For hip fracture patients, the most common CHM coprescription pattern was Du-Zhong (DZ) → Xu-Duan (XD), followed by Du-Huo-Ji-Sheng-Tang (DHJST) → Shu-Jing-Huo-Xue-Tang (SJHXT), and Gu-Sui-Bu (GSB) → Xu-Duan (XD). Furthermore, XD was the core prescription, and DZ, GSB, SJHXT, and DHJST were important prescriptions located in cluster 1 of the prescription patterns. This study provides evidence for clinical CHM use as an adjunctive therapy that offers benefits to hip fracture patients.

7.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 18(1): 144, 2017 04 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28376876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic hip fractures are associated with high mortality and morbidity in people of advanced age; however, few studies have investigated the complication rates in nonagenarians. In this study, we applied a competing risk analysis to estimate the mortality, readmission, and reoperation rates after surgery for hip fracture among nonagenarians. METHODS: A total of 11,184 nonagenarians (aged ≥ 90) who received surgery for hip fracture during the period 1 January 1997 and 31 December 2010 were selected from Taiwan's National Health Insurance (NHI) database. Nonagenarians were followed up until the end of 2012, death, or the date they left the NHI program. Cumulative mortality was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier analysis and risk factors for mortality were investigated using a Cox proportional hazards model. Competing risk analysis was used to estimate cumulative incidence rates and to assess the risk factors for reoperation and readmission. RESULTS: The mortality rates were 29.5% at 1 year, 45.0% at 2 years and 78.1% at 5 years. The cumulative incidence rates of reoperation were 7.3% at 1 year, 9.2% at 2 years and 11.6% at 5 years whereas those of readmission were 18.9% at 1 month and 24.1% at 3 months. Significant risk factors for death included age, male gender, trochanteric fracture, and higher Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) whereas those for reoperation were age, cervical fracture and higher CCI. Furthermore, age, male gender, and higher CCI were risk factors for readmission. CONCLUSIONS: The overall 2-years mortality rate among nonagenarians in Taiwan was around 45%, the 2-years reoperation rate was around 9% and the 90-days medical complication rate was around 24%. High complication rates are associated with increased risk for death. Postoperative care to prevent medical complications is likely the most effective strategy to reduce mortality rates among nonagenarians with hip fracture.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/estatística & dados numéricos , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan/epidemiologia
8.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 17: 326, 2016 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27496130

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study assessed the incidence and excess mortality of hip fractures among inpatients aged 20-40 years in a nationwide population database in Taiwan. METHODS: Subjects were selected from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database for the period 2001-2008 and were followed up until the end of 2010. A total of 4,523 subjects were admitted for the first time with primary diagnosis of hip fracture and treated with operation. RESULTS: The overall annual incidence, mortality, and standardized mortality ratio (SMR) decreased from 7.68 to 7.23 per 100,000, from 1.37 % to 0.94 %, and from 9.06 to 6.71, respectively, from 2001 to 2008. The 1-year, 2-year, 3-year, 5-year, and 10-year mortality rates were 1.28 %, 2.44 %, 3.54 %, 5.32 %, and 10.50 %, respectively for the whole cohort. The 1-year, 2-year, 3-year, 5-year, and 10-year SMRs were 8.33, 7.59, 7.28, 6.39, and 5.82, respectively, for the whole cohort. Risk factors for overall death were male gender, trochanteric fracture, hemiarthroplasty, and higher Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) scores. CONCLUSIONS: The high SMRs found in the present study suggest that young adults with former hip fracture should be closely followed up to prevent early mortality.


Assuntos
Hemiartroplastia/efeitos adversos , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Taxa de Sobrevida , Taiwan/epidemiologia
9.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 16: 199, 2015 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26286551

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study compared the rates of mortality, medical complication, and reoperation after fixation surgery for displaced femoral neck fracture with those after hemiarthroplasty surgery for undisplaced femoral neck fracture using competing risk analysis in inpatients aged 60 years and above from a population database in Taiwan. METHODS: We identified 13,772 subjects who underwent fixation for undisplaced cervical fracture and 13,772 matched controls who underwent hemiarthroplasty for displaced cervical fracture from 1998 to 2007, and followed them up until the end of 2009. The outcomes of patients who received internal fixation for undisplaced fracture and those of patients who received hemiarthroplasty for displaced fracture were compared. RESULTS: The 3-month, 2-year, and 10-year mortality rates were 4.9%, 22.1%, and 67.1% for fixation, and 5.6%, 23.8%, and 71.0% for hemiarthroplasty, respectively. The 3-month, 2-year, and 10-year cumulative incidence rates of the first reoperation were 7.4%, 18.1%, and 27.7% for fixation and 6.3%, 12.0%, and 22.3% for hemiarthroplasty, respectively. The 3-month cumulative incidence rates of the first medical complication were 14.4% for fixation and 15.4% for hemiarthroplasty, respectively. Hemiarthroplasty had a 1.09 times (95% CI: 1.05-1.12) higher hazard ratio for overall death than fixation. However, fixation had a 1.36 times (95% CI: 1.29-1.43) higher subdistribution hazard ratio for first reoperation than hemiarthroplasty after adjusting for gender, age, and comorbidities. CONCLUSIONS: The short-term overall mortality and medical complication rate of fixation for undisplaced fracture were slightly lower than those of hemiarthroplasty for displaced fracture. However, the short-term cumulative incidence of first reoperation after fixation was significantly higher than that for hemiarthroplasty. Further prospective studies or clinical trials based on the competing risk model, and which include important risk factors, are necessary to quantify the adjusted effects more precisely.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Colo Femoral/mortalidade , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/mortalidade , Hemiartroplastia/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/diagnóstico , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/tendências , Hemiartroplastia/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Reoperação/mortalidade , Reoperação/tendências , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
BMC Nephrol ; 16: 100, 2015 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26149489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic hip fractures cause high mortality and morbidity in elderly adults. Compared to the general population, subjects with end-stage renal disease and hemodialysis often develop mineral bone disorders and have a higher risk for hip fractures. METHODS: We conducted a matched cohort study design and used competing risk analysis to estimate the cumulative incidence of the complication rate. Subjects aged greater than 60 years with hip fracture were selected from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database covering a period from 1997 to 2007, and these subjects were followed up until 2009. We used the Kaplan-Meier method to estimate the overall survival and used the log-rank test and multiple Cox proportional hazards model to explore the risk factors for survival. The cumulative incidence of the first complication was estimated using competing risk analysis. RESULTS: Among hemodialysis subjects, the three-month, one-year, two-year and five-year mortality rates were 17.3 %, 37.2 %, 51.5 %, and 80.5 %, respectively; the one-year and five-year cumulative incidences of the first surgical complication were 14.2 % and 20.6 %, respectively; and the three-month cumulative incidence of the first medical complication was 24.1 %. Hemodialysis subjects presented a 2.32 times (95 % CI: 2.16-2.49) higher hazard ratio of overall death, 1.15 times (95 % CI: 1.01-1.30) higher sub-hazard ratio (sub-HR) of surgical complications, and 1.35 times (95 % CI: 1.21-1.52) higher sub-HR of the first medical complication than non-hemodialysis controls. CONCLUSIONS: The overall mortality and complication rates of hemodialysis subjects after surgery for hip fracture were significantly higher than those of non-hemodialysis subjects. Further prospective studies which include important risk factors are necessary to more precisely quantify the adjusted effect of hemodialysis.


Assuntos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Diálise Renal , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Feminino , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia
11.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 15: 362, 2014 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25361701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study assessed the mortality and complications of hip fractures using in-patients aged 20-40 years from a nationwide population database in Taiwan. METHODS: Subjects were selected from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database for the period 2000-2008, and these subjects were followed up until the end of 2010. A total of 5,079 (3,879 male and 1,200 female) subjects were admitted for the first time with primary diagnosis of hip fracture and treated with operation. We calculated the long-term overall survival rate and complication-free rate. We also assessed the risk factors for mortality and complications. RESULTS: The 1-month, 3-month, 6-month, 1-year, 2-year, 5-year, and 10-year complication-free rates were 98.3%, 96.2%, 94.5%, 86.8%, 80.4%, 75.3%, and 73.5% for the entire cohort, respectively. The 10-year survival rates were 93.3%, 91.8%, and 94.5% for total cases, trochanteric fracture, and cervical fracture, respectively. The 10-year complication-free rates were 73.5%, 80.5%, and 67.3% for total cases, trochanteric fracture, and cervical fracture, respectively. The risk factors for overall death were male, older age, and greater number of Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) comorbidities. The risk factors for complication were cervical fracture, and greater number of CCI comorbidities. Complications resulted in 42.83% of patients receiving internal fixation implants or prothesis removal and 2.01% underwent conversion to revision arthroplasty during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The overall 10-year survival rate in hip fracture patients aged 20-40 years in Taiwan was over 90%. The 10-year complication-free rates were around 70%. Preventing the occurrence of severe complications after hip fracture among young adults is an important public health issue that warrants greater attention.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Artroplastia/efeitos adversos , Comorbidade , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
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