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1.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether the change of the pre- and postoperative systemic inflammatory response (SIR) levels will affect the prognosis of gastric cancer (GC) is unclear. We aimed to investigate the dynamic changes in the pre- and postoperative SIR and their prognostic value for GC. METHODS: The clinicopathological data from 2257 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy between January 2009 and December 2014 at Fujian Medical University Union Hospital (FMUUH) were analyzed. Perioperative SIR changes were reported as changes in the lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and systemic immune-inflammation index (SII). RESULTS: The SIR levels showed different trends from postoperative months 1 to 12. Multivariate analysis showed that preoperative (pre)-LMR was an independent predictor for the prognosis (P = 0.024). The postoperative 12-month (post-12-month) LMR predicted the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate with the highest accuracy (areas under the curve [AUC] 0.717). Patients were divided into four groups according to the optimal cutoff of the preoperative and post-12-month LMR: high pre-LMR to high postoperative (post)-LMR group, high pre-LMR to low post-LMR group, low pre-LMR to high post-LMR group, and low pre-LMR to low post-LMR group. The survival analysis showed 5-year OS rate was significantly higher in patients with high post-12-month LMR than in patients with low post-12-month LMR, regardless of pre-LMR levels (81.6% vs. 44.2%, P < 0.001). The prognostic accuracy was significantly improved by incorporating the post-12-month LMR in the tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging system (P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: The remeasurement of LMR at post-12-month is helpful in predicting the long-term survival of GC.

2.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: and purpose: For gastric cancer patients with peritoneal metastasis (GCPM), there is no universally accepted prognostic staging system. This study aimed to validate the predictive ability of the 15th peritoneal metastasis staging system (P1abc) of the Japanese Classification of Gastric Carcinoma (JCGC). METHODS: The data of 309 GCPM patients from July 2007 to July 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. This study compared the prognosis prediction performances of P1abc, the previous JCGC PM staging (P123) and Gilly staging systems. RESULTS: The survival curve revealed a significant difference in overall survival (OS) predicted by P1abc, P123 and Gilly staging (all P < 0.05), and the survival of the two adjacent substages were well distinguished by P1abc but not by P123 and Gilly staging. Both P123 and Gilly staging were substituted with P1abc staging in a 2-step multivariate analysis. The results showed that P1abc staging was superior to both P123 and Gilly staging in its discriminatory ability (C-index), predictive accuracy (AIC) and predictive homogeneity (likelihood ratio chi-square). A stratified analysis by different therapies indicated that for the P1a and P1b patients, OS following palliative resection combined with palliative chemotherapy (PRCPC) was better than that after palliative resection (PR) or palliative chemotherapy (PC) alone (P < 0.05). For the P1c patients, OS after receiving PC was significantly superior to that after receiving PRCPC or PR (P = 0.021). CONCLUSION: P1abc staging is superior to P123 and Gilly staging in predicting the survival of GCPM patients. Surgeons can provide these patients with appropriate treatment options according to the corresponding substages within P1abc.

3.
Am J Med Genet A ; 182(2): 357-364, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837205

RESUMO

RASopathies are developmental diseases caused by mutations in rat sarcoma-mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway genes. These disorders, such as Noonan syndrome (NS) and NS-related disorders (NSRD), including cardio-facio-cutaneous (CFC) syndrome, Costello syndrome (CS), and NS with multiple lentigines (NSML; also known as LEOPARD syndrome), have a similar systemic phenotype. A wide spectrum of congenital heart disease and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCMP) can exhibit major associated characteristics. A retrospective study was conducted at the Mackay Memorial Hospital, National Taiwan University Hospital, Buddhist Tzu-Chi General Hospital, Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, and Chung Shan Medical University Hospital from January 2007 to December 2018. We reviewed the clinical records of 76 patients with a confirmed molecular diagnosis of RASopathies, including NS, CS, CFC syndrome, and NSML. We evaluated the demographic data and medical records with clinical phenotypes of cardiac structural anomalies using cross-sectional and color Doppler echocardiography, electrocardiographic findings, and follow-up data. A total of 47 (61.8%) patients had cardiac abnormalities. The prevalence of cardiac lesions according to each syndrome was 62.7, 50.0, 60.0, and 66.7% in patients with NS, CFC syndrome, CS, and NSML, respectively. An atrial septal defect was usually combined with other cardiac abnormalities, such as pulmonary stenosis (PS), HCMP, ventricular septal defect, or patent ductus arteriosus. Patients with NS most commonly showed PS. In patients with NSRD and cardiac abnormalities, HCMP (29.4%) was the most commonly observed cardiac lesion. PTPN11 was also the most frequently detected mutation in patients with NS and NSRD. Cardiac abnormalities were the most common symptoms observed in patients with RASopathies at the time of their first hospital visit. Performing precise analyses of genotype-cardiac phenotype correlations in a larger cohort will help us accurately diagnose RASopathy as soon as possible.

4.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 19(1): 205, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791240

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the indications for adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) in patients with stage IIa gastric cancer (T3N0M0 and T1N2M0) according to the 7th American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC). METHODS: A total of 1593 patients with T3N0M0 or T1N2M0 stage gastric cancer were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database for the period 1988.1-2012.12. Cox multiple regression, nomogram and decision curve analyses were performed. External validation was performed using databases of the Fujian Medical University Union Hospital (FJUUH) (n = 241) and Italy IMIGASTRIC center (n = 45). RESULTS: Cox multiple regression analysis showed that the risk factors that affected OS in patients receiving AC were age > 65 years old, T1N2M0, LN dissection number ≤ 15, tumor size > 20 mm, and nonadenocarcinoma. A nomogram was constructed to predict 5-year OS, and the patients were divided into those predicted to receive a high benefit (points ≤ 188) or a low benefit from AC (points > 188) according to a recursive partitioning analysis. OS was significantly higher for the high-benefit patients in the SEER database and the FJUUH dataset than in the non-AC patients (Log-rank < 0.05), and there was no significant difference in OS between the low-benefit patients and non-AC patients in any of the three centers (Log-rank = 0.154, 0.470, and 0.434, respectively). The decision curve indicated that the best clinical effect can be obtained when the threshold probability is 0-92%. CONCLUSION: Regarding the controversy over whether T3N0M0 and T1N2M0 gastric cancer patients should be treated with AC, this study presents a predictive model that provides concise and accurate indications. These data show that high-benefit patients should receive AC.

5.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(43): 6451-6464, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31798281

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Because of the powerful abilities of self-learning and handling complex biological information, artificial neural network (ANN) models have been widely applied to disease diagnosis, imaging analysis, and prognosis prediction. However, there has been no trained preoperative ANN (preope-ANN) model to preoperatively predict the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer (GC). AIM: To establish a neural network model that can predict long-term survival of GC patients before surgery to evaluate the tumor condition before the operation. METHODS: The clinicopathological data of 1608 GC patients treated from January 2011 to April 2015 at the Department of Gastric Surgery, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were randomly divided into a training set (70%) for establishing a preope-ANN model and a testing set (30%). The prognostic evaluation ability of the preope-ANN model was compared with that of the American Joint Commission on Cancer (8th edition) clinical TNM (cTNM) and pathological TNM (pTNM) staging through the receiver operating characteristic curve, Akaike information criterion index, Harrell's C index, and likelihood ratio chi-square. RESULTS: We used the variables that were statistically significant factors for the 3-year overall survival as input-layer variables to develop a preope-ANN in the training set. The survival curves within each score of the preope-ANN had good discrimination (P < 0.05). Comparing the preope-ANN model, cTNM, and pTNM in both the training and testing sets, the preope-ANN model was superior to cTNM in predictive discrimination (C index), predictive homogeneity (likelihood ratio chi-square), and prediction accuracy (area under the curve). The prediction efficiency of the preope-ANN model is similar to that of pTNM. CONCLUSION: The preope-ANN model can accurately predict the long-term survival of GC patients, and its predictive efficiency is not inferior to that of pTNM stage.

6.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 1127, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR), and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) reflect the systematic inflammatory response, with some evidence revealing that they are associated with poorer survival in patients with gastric cancer. However, the effect of the white blood cell to hemoglobin ratio (WHR) on the long-term prognosis of patients with gastric cancer has not been reported. Therefore, we sought to characterize the effect of WHR on long-term survival after radical gastrectomy and compare its value with that of other preoperative inflammation-based prognostic scores (PIPS). METHODS: Data from 924 patients with a diagnosis of nonmetastatic gastric adenocarcinoma who underwent surgical resection between December 2009 and May 2013 were included in this study. RESULTS: The optimal cutoff values for the WHR, PLR, LMR, and NLR were 2.855, 133.03, 3.405, and 2.61, respectively. Patients with an increased WHR (53% vs. 88.1%, p < 0.001), PLR (60.9% vs 75.6%, p < 0.001) and NLR (56.7% vs 72.8%, p < 0.001) and a decreased LMR (54% vs 74.5%, p < 0.001) had a significantly decreased 5-year OS. However, the stratified analysis showed that only the WHR predicted a significant 5-year survival rate difference at each stage as follows: stage I (82.7% vs 94.3%, p = 0.005), stage II (71.3% vs 90.2%, p = 0.001) and stage III (38.2% vs 58.1%, p < 0.001). The time-ROC curve showed that the predictive value of the WHR was superior to that of the PLR, LMR, and NLR during follow-up. The WHR (0.624) C-index was significantly greater than the PLR (0.569), LMR (0.584), and NLR C-indexes (0.56) (all P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Compared with other PIPS, the WHR had the most powerful predictive ability when used for the prognosis of patients with gastric adenocarcinoma.

7.
Surg Endosc ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720795

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Well-designed retrospective studies (RSs) and small-sample prospective studies (PSs) evaluating the efficacy of interventions have received much attention. This study was designed to evaluate the differences between well-designed RSs and small-sample randomized controlled trials based on the efficacy of laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG) and open distal gastrectomy (ODG) for advanced gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: The clinicopathological data of 1360 patients with GC who underwent DG were analysed. After propensity score matching (1:1), 380 cases (ODG = 190, LDG = 190) were finally selected in a RS. Meanwhile, data from 120 patients (ODG = 60, LDG = 60) who enrolled in a PS were analysed. RESULTS: In the PS, the LDG group had less intraoperative blood loss, shorter time to first flatus, and shorter time to fluid diet than the ODG group. In the RS, the LDG group had less intraoperative blood loss, and a shorter postoperative hospital stay than the ODG group. In the PS, the 3-year overall survival (OS) rate was 83.3% in the LDG group and 83.2% in the ODG group (p = 0.877). In the RS, the 3-year OS rate was 68.7% in the LDG group and 66.6% in the ODG group (p = 0.752). No significant interactions were observed between the two groups and any of the variables examined, either in the PS or RS. The recurrence patterns were similar in the two groups. Furthermore, Cox regression analysis showed that surgical method (LDG/ODG) was not a prognostic factor affecting OS or DFS, either prospectively or retrospectively. CONCLUSIONS: The oncologic efficacy of laparoscopic and open distal gastrectomy for advanced GC is comparable. Well-designed RSs can be similar to small sample of PSs in assessing long-term oncologic outcomes of surgical interventions, but the short-term outcomes obtained should be treated with caution.

8.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 9(4)2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615002

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Children with mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) generally appear unaffected at birth but may develop multiple clinical manifestations including profound growth impairment as they grow older. Each type of MPS has a variable age at onset and variable rate of progression, however, information regarding growth in Asian children is limited. METHODS: This retrospective analysis included 129 Taiwanese patients with MPS (age range, 0.7 to 19.5 years, median age, 7.9 years) from eight medical centers in Taiwan from January 1996 through December 2018. RESULTS: The mean z scores for the first recorded values of height, weight, and body mass index in the patients' medical records were -4.25, -1.04, and 0.41 for MPS I (n = 9), -2.31, 0.19, and 0.84 for MPS II (n = 49), -0.42, 0.08, and -0.12 for MPS III (n = 27), -6.02, -2.04, and 0.12 for MPS IVA (n = 30), and -4.46, -1.52, and 0.19 for MPS VI (n = 14), respectively. MPS IVA had the lowest mean z scores for both height and weight among all types of MPS, followed by MPS VI, MPS I, MPS II, and MPS III, which showed the mildest growth retardation. Both z scores for height and weight were negatively correlated with increasing age for all types of MPS (p < 0.01). Of 32 patients younger than 5 years of age, 16 (50%), and 23 (72%) had positive z scores of height and weight, respectively. A substantial number of younger patients with MPS I, II, III, and IVA had a positive height z score. The median age at diagnosis was 3.9 years (n = 115). CONCLUSIONS: The patients with MPS IVA had the most significant growth retardation among all types of MPS, followed by MPS VI, MPS I, MPS II, and MPS III. The height and weight of the MPS patients younger than 2-5 years of age were higher than those of healthy individuals, however, their growth significantly decelerated in subsequent years. Understanding the growth curve and potential involved in each type of MPS may allow for early diagnosis and timely management of the disease, which may improve the quality of life.

9.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(37): 5641-5654, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602164

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Robotic surgery has been considered to be significantly better than laparoscopic surgery for complicated procedures. AIM: To explore the short-term effect of robotic and laparoscopic spleen-preserving splenic hilar lymphadenectomy (SPSHL) for advanced gastric cancer (GC) by Huang's three-step maneuver. METHODS: A total of 643 patients who underwent SPSHL were recruited from April 2012 to July 2017, including 35 patients who underwent robotic SPSHL (RSPSHL) and 608 who underwent laparoscopic SPSHL (LSPSHL). One-to-four propensity score matching was used to analyze the differences in clinical data between patients who underwent robotic SPSHL and those who underwent laparoscopic SPSHL. RESULTS: In all, 175 patients were matched, including 35 patients who underwent RSPSHL and 140 who underwent LSPSHL. After matching, there were no significant differences detected in the baseline characteristics between the two groups. Significant differences in total operative time, estimated blood loss (EBL), splenic hilar blood loss (SHBL), splenic hilar dissection time (SHDT), and splenic trunk dissection time were evident between these groups (P < 0.05). Furthermore, no significant differences were observed between the two groups in the overall noncompliance rate of lymph node (LN) dissection (62.9% vs 60%, P = 0.757), number of retrieved No. 10 LNs (3.1 ± 1.4 vs 3.3 ± 2.5, P = 0.650), total number of examined LNs (37.8 ± 13.1 vs 40.6 ± 13.6, P = 0.274), and postoperative complications (14.3% vs 17.9%, P = 0.616). A stratified analysis that divided the patients receiving RSPSHL into an early group (EG) and a late group (LG) revealed that the LG experienced obvious improvements in SHDT and length of stay compared with the EG (P < 0.05). Logistic regression showed that robotic surgery was a significantly protective factor against both SHBL and SHDT (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: RSPSHL is safe and feasible, especially after overcoming the early learning curve, as this procedure results in a radical curative effect equivalent to that of LSPSHL.

10.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 873, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigated a large number of patients to develop a predictive nomogram for survival and a web-based survival rate calculator that can dynamically predict the long-term survival of patients with primary gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. METHODS: A total of 2647 patients diagnosed with primary gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma from 1998 to 2014 were extracted from the SEER database. We used the Lasso Cox regression model to identify independent risk factors for long-term survival and to develop a predictive nomogram for survival and a web-based survival rate calculator. RESULTS: The median (mean) follow-up time was 30 months (52.8 months). Cancer-specific survival rates decreased with time, while the 5-year conditional survival increased with time. Cancer-specific deaths were not constant. Cancer-specific deaths of patients within the first 2 years were high, while the risk remained relatively constant after 2 years. The independent risk factors included surgery, chemotherapy, tumor stage and age, according to the Lasso Cox regression analysis. We developed a predictive nomogram and a web-based survival rate calculator ( https://linjuli1991.shinyapps.io/dynnomapp/ ). The calibration plot suggested that the actual value exhibited good agreement with the predicted value. CONCLUSIONS: We found that patients with primary gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma had a high risk of death during the first 2 years. Additional active follow-up strategies should be provided during this period. This is the first study to develop a predictive nomogram and a web-based survival rate calculator that can provide evidence for individual treatment and follow-up.

12.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 45(12): 2465-2472, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350072

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine the associations of the Age-Adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index (ACCI) and preoperative systemic inflammation with survival in gastric cancer (GC) patients who underwent radical gastrectomy. METHODS: Data from patients with GC who underwent radical gastrectomy between January 2009 and December 2014 in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to identify the prognostic factors. The relationship between the ACCI and systemic inflammation of the patients was explored, and the prognostic value of a new scoring system based on the ACCI and systemic inflammation (ANLR) was evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 2257 patients with GC were included. The ACCI and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were independent prognostic factors for overall survival (both P < 0.001) by multivariate analysis. A higher ACCI was an independent predictor of the increase in preoperative NLR (P < 0.001). Based on the preoperative ACCI and NLR, we established a novel marker, ANLR. Multivariate analysis showed that the ANLR was a significant independent predictor of 5-year OS (P < 0.001). The Harrell's C-statistics (C-index) of a model combining the ANLR and pTNM was 0.744 (95% CI: 0.728-0.760), which was significantly higher than the pTNM stage (0.717, 95% CI: 0.702-0.731; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The ACCI of patients with gastric cancer was associated with preoperative systemic inflammation. The ACCI combined with the NLR, which are commonly collected biomarkers, could enhance prognostication for GC patients.

13.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(8): e790, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Information on functional strengths and weaknesses of mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) patients is important for early intervention programs and enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). METHODS: We used the Functional Independence Measure for Children (WeeFIM) questionnaire to assess the functional skills of 63 Taiwanese MPS patients (median age, 13 years 3 months; range, 3-20 years) from January 2012 to December 2018. RESULTS: Mean total WeeFIM score was 75.4 of a potential score of 126. Mean total WeeFIM scores of each type (MPS I, MPS II, MPS IIIB, MPS IVA, and MPS VI) were 103.8, 76.2, 41.6, 92.2, and 113.6, respectively. Mean scores for self-care, mobility, and cognition domains were 30 (maximum 56), 23 (maximum 35), and 22 (maximum 35), respectively. MPS type IIIB patients had the lowest scores in self-care, mobility, cognition, and total domains compared to other types of MPS. All patients with ERT in MPS I, II, and IVA had higher scores in self-care and mobility domains than patients without ERT. Most patients required assistance for self-care skills, especially in grooming and bathing. CONCLUSION: MPS patients require support and supervision in self-care tasks. For cognition tasks, MPS IIIB patients also require help. This questionnaire is useful to identify the strengths and limitations of MPS patients.

14.
BMC Surg ; 19(1): 53, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31133008

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To assess the ability of the Age-Adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index (ACCI) to predict survival after radical gastrectomy in patients with gastric cancer (GC). METHOD: Data from patients with GC who underwent radical gastrectomy from January 2008 to December 2012 in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were categorized into either high ACCI group or low ACCI group based on the effect of ACCI on long-term GC prognosis. 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM) was used to reduce confounding bias. To further analyze the impact of ACCI on the long-term prognosis of patients after radical gastrectomy, a nomogram was built based on the Cox proportional hazards regression model. RESULTS: A total of 1476 patients were included in the analysis. After PSM, there was no statistically significant differences in tumor location, tumor size and tumor stage between low ACCI group (429 cases) and high ACCI group (429 cases) (all P > 0.05). Before and after PSM, the incidence of postoperative complications in high ACCI group was significantly higher than that in low ACCI group (P < 0.05). The 5-year overall survival rate (OS) in low ACCI group was significantly higher than that in high ACCI group. Multivariate analysis showed that ACCI was an independent risk factor for OS (P < 0.05). The Harrell's C-statistics (C-index) of TNMA, a prognostic evaluation system combining ACCI and TNM staging system, was significantly higher than that of TNM staging system in both the modeling and validation groups (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: ACCI was an independent risk factor for the long-term prognosis of GC patients after radical gastrectomy that could effectively improve the predictive efficacy of the TNM staging system for GC.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Nomogramas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
J Oncol ; 2019: 6012826, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093283

RESUMO

Background: Remnant gastric cancer (RGC) is a rare malignant tumor with poor prognosis. There is no universally accepted prognostic model for RGC. Methods: We analyzed data for 253 RGC patients who underwent radical gastrectomy from 6 centers. The prognosis prediction performances of the AJCC7th and AJCC8th TNM staging systems and the TRM staging system for RGC patients were evaluated. Web-based prediction models based on independent prognostic factors were developed to predict the survival of the RGC patients. External validation was performed using a cohort of 49 Chinese patients. Results: The predictive abilities of the AJCC8th and TRM staging systems were no better than those of the AJCC7th staging system (c-index: AJCC7th vs. AJCC8th vs. TRM, 0.743 vs. 0.732 vs. 0.744; P>0.05). Within each staging system, the survival of the two adjacent stages was not well discriminated (P>0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that age, tumor size, T stage, and N stage were independent prognostic factors. Based on the above variables, we developed 3 web-based prediction models, which were superior to the AJCC7th staging system in their discriminatory ability (c-index), predictive homogeneity (likelihood ratio chi-square), predictive accuracy (AIC, BIC), and model stability (time-dependent ROC curves). External validation showed predictable accuracies of 0.780, 0.822, and 0.700, respectively, in predicting overall survival, disease-specific survival, and disease-free survival. Conclusions: The AJCC TNM staging system and the TRM staging system did not enable good distinction among the RGC patients. We have developed and validated visual web-based prediction models that are superior to these staging systems.

16.
Surg Endosc ; 33(12): 4133-4142, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30937616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare the differences in occurrence rates, time intervals, main causes, and management strategies of early unplanned reoperations (EUROs) after gastrectomy for gastric cancer (GC) between laparoscopic and open surgery. METHODS: From Jan. 2005 to Dec. 2014, 2608 and 1516 patients underwent laparoscopic-assisted gastrectomy (LAG) and open gastrectomy (OG), respectively. Perioperative outcomes and risk factors for EURO were analyzed. RESULTS: The overall EURO rate was 1.3%, and the rate in LAG and OG groups was 1.1% and 1.6%, respectively. The EURO rate after 24 h postoperatively was significantly lower in LAG group than in OG group (p = 0.019). No significant correlation was identified between laparoscopic surgery and EURO rate (p = 0.157); age > 70 (p = 0.028), body mass index (BMI) > 25 kg/m2 (p = 0.009), and estimated blood loss > 100 ml (p = 0.029) were independent risk factors for EURO. The main cause of EURO was intra-abdominal bleeding, anastomotic bleeding, and anastomotic leakage in LAG group; and intra-abdominal bleeding, anastomotic leakage, and intestinal obstruction in OG group. The proportion of patients with intra-abdominal bleeding requiring EURO was markedly higher in LAG group than in OG group (p = 0.043). Transverse mesocolonic vessels and spleen were the most common bleeding sites necessitating EURO in LAG and OG groups, respectively. Six of 28 (21.4%) patients with EUROs in LAG group underwent laparoscopic procedure (p = 0.025). Mortality in patients requiring EURO was 3.6% and 20.8% in LAG and OG groups, respectively (p = 0.084). CONCLUSIONS: Compared to open surgery, laparoscopic surgery does not increase the incidence of EURO in patients undergoing gastrectomy for GC; however, laparoscopic surgery is associated with a lower EURO rate after 24 h postoperatively and a higher proportion of patients with intra-abdominal bleeding requiring EURO than open surgery. Effective and accurate intraoperative hemostasis for intra-abdominal vessels and anastomotic sites will help further reduce the incidence of EURO following LAG within 24 h postoperatively.

17.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30937713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our study investigated the effect of lymph node (LN) noncompliance on the long-term prognosis of patients after laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) and explored the risk factors of LN noncompliance. METHODS: The clinicopathological data of gastric cancer (GC) patients who underwent LTG with D2 lymphadenectomy from June 2007 to December 2013 were prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed. The effects of LN noncompliance on the long-term prognosis of patients with GC after LTG were explored. RESULTS: The overall LN noncompliance rate was 51.9%. The survival rate of patients after LTG with LN compliance was significantly superior to that of patients with LN noncompliance (p = 0.013). The stratified analysis of TNM stage indicated that there was no difference between the OS of stage I patients with LN compliance and those with LN noncompliance; OS of stage II/III patients with LN compliance was significantly better than that of those with LN noncompliance. Cox regression analyses showed that LN noncompliance was an independent risk factor for OS. Logistic regression analysis showed that high BMI (≥ 25 kg/m2) was an independent risk factor for preoperative prediction of LN noncompliance in cStage II/III patients. Patients with a high BMI were more likely to have LN noncompliance during surgery, especially during the dissections of #6, #8a, and #12a LN stations. CONCLUSIONS: LN noncompliance was an independent risk factor for poor prognosis in patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC) after LTG. Patients with high BMI were more likely to have LN noncompliance, especially during the dissections of #6, #8a, and #12a LN stations. LN tracing was recommended for these patients to reduce the rate of LN noncompliance.

18.
World J Surg ; 43(7): 1756-1765, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30815741

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of data on the effect of high postoperative body temperature on disease-free survival (DFS) in patients who underwent radical gastrectomy. METHODS: Patients who underwent radical gastrectomy from January 2006 to December 2011 were selected. The highest body temperature within 1 week after operation was used to establish diagnostic thresholds for high and low body temperature through X-tile software. RESULTS: A total of 1396 patients were included in the analysis. The diagnostic threshold for high body temperature was defined as 38 °C; 370 patients were allocated to the high-temperature group (HTG), while another 1026 patients were allocated to the low-temperature group (LTG). For all patients, survival analysis showed that 5-year DFS in the HTG was significantly lower than that for the LTG (55.6% vs 63.9%, P = 0.007). Multivariate analysis revealed that high postoperative body temperature was an independent prognostic risk factor for 5-year DFS (HR = 1.288 (1.067-1.555), P = 0.008). For patients without complications, survival analysis showed that the 5-year DFS rate in the HTG was lower than that for the LTG (57.5% vs 64.4%, P = 0.051), especially in patients with stage III gastric cancer (31.3% vs 41.7%, P = 0.037). For patients with complications or infectious complications, there were no significant differences between the HTG and LTG regarding 5-year DFS (49.3% vs 58.2%, P = 0.23 and 49.4% vs 55.1%, P = 0.481, respectively). CONCLUSION: For stage III gastric cancer patients without complications, high postoperative body temperature can significantly reduce the 5-year DFS. These patients may benefit from more aggressive adjuvant therapy and postoperative surveillance regimens.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Febre/etiologia , Gastrectomia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Febre/diagnóstico , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida
19.
Gastroenterol Res Pract ; 2019: 9683298, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30918518

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the long-term survival of patients receiving conservative with surgical treatment to analyze the prognostic factors and the impact of surgery on oncological outcomes of patients with primary gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Methods: A total of 2647 patients diagnosed with primary gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma from 1998 to 2014 were extracted from SEER database. Propensity matching was performed to compare the clinicopathological characteristics of the two groups. Based on the recursive partitioning analysis, the patients were divided into three risk subgroups: low risk, intermediate risk, and high risk. Results: After propensity score matching, patient characteristics did not differ significantly between the two groups. The 5-year cancer-specific survival rates of the surgical group and the conservative treatment group were, respectively, 60% and 59.2% (P = 0.952) before propensity matching and 64.2% and 58.6% (P = 0.046) after propensity matching. According to the multivariate analysis, age, tumor stage, and chemotherapy and surgery were independent risk factors for long-term survival. The 5-year cancer-specific survival rates differed significantly between the low-risk, intermediate-risk, and high-risk patients (76.2% vs. 57.4% vs. 25.5%, respectively, P < 0.001). The 5-year cancer-specific survival rate of the surgical group was significantly higher than that of the conservative treatment group in the low-risk patients. However, it did not differ significantly in the intermediate-risk and high-risk patients (P > 0.05). Conclusions: A prognostic model was constructed based on the independent risk factors of age, tumor stage, and chemotherapy. The prognostic model indicated that low-risk patients (age < 75 years, stage I/II, with/without chemotherapy) undergoing surgical treatment may benefit from long-term survival, while intermediate- and high-risk patients (age ≥ 75 years, stage I/II, with/without chemotherapy or III/IV patients, with/without chemotherapy) gain no significant benefit from surgery.

20.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(6): 1759-1771, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30756329

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few reports have examined the prognosis of or possible remedial treatments for patients with noncompliant D2 lymphadenectomy. We investigated the effect of noncompliance in lymph node (LN) dissection on long-term survival in gastric cancer (GC) patients after radical gastrectomy and explored intervention measures. METHODS: Clinicopathological data were retrospectively analyzed in 2401 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy for GC. Noncompliance was defined as patients with more than one empty LN station, as described in the protocol of the Japanese GC Association. RESULTS: The overall noncompliance rate was 49.1%. The 3-year overall survival (OS) rate was significantly better in compliant than noncompliant patients (74.0% vs. 60.1%, P < 0.001). Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that noncompliance was an independent risk factor for OS. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that extent of gastrectomy, primary tumor site, history of intraperitoneal surgery, body mass index, and open gastrectomy were independent preoperative predictive factors for noncompliance. Cox analysis demonstrated that age, pT, pN, and extent of gastrectomy independently affected OS in patients with noncompliant lymphadenectomy. However, OS was significantly better in the compliant than noncompliant group regardless of the recommendation for chemotherapy. Stratified analysis demonstrated that OS was significantly better in chemotherapy patients than in patients without chemotherapy and stage II patients (pT1N2/N3M0 and pT3N0M0) in whom chemotherapy was not recommended. CONCLUSIONS: Noncompliance is an independent risk factor after radical gastrectomy for GC. Adjuvant chemotherapy improved the prognosis of patients with pT1N2/N3M0 and pT3N0M0 disease who underwent noncompliant D2 lymphadenectomy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Gastrectomia/mortalidade , Excisão de Linfonodo/mortalidade , Cooperação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Taxa de Sobrevida
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