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1.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(2): 403-407, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812406

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish a method for rapid detection and typing of NPM1 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by fluorescence melting curve analysis technology. METHODS: A pair of primers and a fluorescent single-stranded probe (molecule beacon) were designed for the mutant genes mutA, mutB, mutD in exon 12 of nucleopsin (NPM1) and wild type. With a real-time qPCR, the A, B, and D gene mutations of NPM1 were detected and typed by different-melting curve peak value of the probe through RT-PCR. RESULTS: This method could detected the mutations of A, B, and D in NPM1 effectively with a sensitivity of 1%. Furthermore, 62 AML clinical samples were evaluated by the method. In the results, the detection rate and typing of NPM1 mutations were consistent with the sequencing results of clinical samples. CONCLUSION: There are three features in the method of fluorescence melting curve analysis: stable PCR system, easy to operate, and the easily distinguishable results. The method might meet the demand for rapid typing of NPM1 gene mutation in early diagnosis or concomitant diagnosis of AML.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Proteínas Nucleares , Éxons , Genótipo , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Mutação , Proteínas Nucleares/genética
2.
Microorganisms ; 9(3)2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809968

RESUMO

Polymyxins, such as colistin and polymyxin B, are the drugs used as a last resort to treat multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacterial infections in humans. Increasing colistin resistance has posed a serious threat to human health, warranting in-depth mechanistic research. In this study, using a functional cloning approach, we examined the molecular basis of colistin resistance in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). Five transformants with inserts ranging from 3.8 to 10.7 kb displayed significantly increased colistin resistance, three of which containing pmrB locus and two containing pmrD locus. Stepwise subcloning indicated that both the pmrB with a single G361A mutation and at least a 103 bp downstream region of pmrB are essential for conferring colistin resistance. Analysis of the mRNA level and stability showed that the length of the downstream region drastically affected the pmrB mRNA level but not its half-life. Lipid A analysis, by mass spectrometry, revealed that the constructs containing pmrB with a longer downstream region (103 or 126 bp) have charge-altering l-4-aminoarabinose (Ara4N) and phosphoethanolamine (pEtN) modifications in lipid A, which were not observed in both vector control and the construct containing pmrB with an 86 bp downstream region. Together, the findings from this study indicate that the 3'-downstream region of pmrB is critical for the PmrB-mediated lipid A modifications and colistin resistance in E. coli BL21(DE3), suggesting a novel regulatory mechanism of PmrB-mediated colistin resistance in E. coli.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825028

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Visual outcomes after cataract surgery in diabetic patients with retinal or visual pathway disease are difficult to predict as the fundus may be obscured, and assessment of visual potential is challenging. This study assessed the value of visual electrophysiology as a prognostic indicator of visual recovery in diabetic patients with cataract, prior to cataract surgery. METHODS: Forty-one diabetic patients (aged 52-80; 74 eyes) and 13 age-matched non-diabetic control patients (21 eyes) were examined prior to cataract surgery. Pre-surgical examinations included best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit-lamp bio-microscopy, ISCEV-standard full-field electroretinography (ffERG), and flash visual evoked potential (flash VEP) testing. Electrophysiological assessments included quantification of the DA and LA ERG, oscillatory potentials (OPs; OP1, OP2, OP3, OP4) and flash VEP P1, P2, and P3 components. Post-operative BCVA was measured in all cases and the diabetic patients grouped according to the severity of visual acuity loss: mild (logMAR ≤ 0.1), moderate (0.1 < logMAR < 0.5), or severe (logMAR ≥ 0.5). A fourth group included those without diabetes. The pre-surgical electrophysiological data was compared between the four groups by analysis of variance. RESULTS: The severity of post-surgical visual acuity loss in the diabetic patients was classified as mild (N=22 eyes), moderate (N=31 eyes), or severe (N=21 eyes). In the group without diabetes, post-surgical visual impairment was classified as mild (N=21 eyes). The pre-operative DA 10.0 ERG a-wave amplitudes, DA 3.0 ERG OP2 amplitudes, and the LA 3.0 a- and b-wave amplitudes showed best significant differences among the four groups. The flash VEP did not show significant difference between groups. CONCLUSION: Electrophysiological assessment of diabetic patients with cataract can provide a useful measure of retinal function. Full-field ERG components, including the DA 10.0 ERG a-wave, DA 3.0 ERG OP2 component, and the LA 3.0 a- and b-wave amplitudes, are of prognostic value in predicting post-surgical visual acuity, and may inform the surgical management of cataract patients with diabetes.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825295

RESUMO

Near-infrared (NIR)-emitting phosphor materials have been extensively developed for optoelectronic and biomedical applications. Although Cr3+-activated phosphors have been widely reported, it is challenging to achieve ultra-broad and tunable NIR emission. Here, a new ultra-broadband NIR-emitting LiIn2SbO6:Cr 3+ phosphor with emission peak at 965 nm and a full-width at half maximum of 217 nm is reported. Controllable emission tuning from 965 to 892 nm is achieved by chemical unit cosubstitution of [Zn2+-Zn2+ ] for [Li+-In3+ ], which can be ascribed to the upshift of 4T2g energy level due to the strengthened crystal field. Moreover, the emission is greatly enhanced, and the FWHM reaches 235 nm. The as-prepared luminescent tunable NIR-emitting phosphors have demonstrated the potential in night-vision and NIR spectroscopy techniques. This work proves the feasibility of chemical unit cosubstitution strategy in emission tuning of Cr3+-doped phosphors, which can stimulate further studies on the emission-tunable NIR-emitting phosphor materials.

6.
Adv Mater ; : e2100333, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792083

RESUMO

The development of highly efficient, multifunctional, and biocompatible sonosensitizer is still a priority for current sonodynamic therapy (SDT). Herein, a defect-rich Ti-based metal-organic framework (MOF) (D-MOF(Ti)) with greatly improved sonosensitizing effect is simply constructed and used for enhanced SDT. Compared with the commonly used sonosensitizer TiO2 , D-MOF(Ti) results in a superior reactive oxygen species (ROS) yield under ultrasound (US) irradiation due to its narrow bandgap, which principally improves the US-triggered electron-hole separation. Meanwhile, due to the existence of Ti3+ ions, D-MOF(Ti) also exhibits a high level of Fenton-like activity to enable chemodynamic therapy. Particularly, US as the excitation source of SDT can simultaneously enhance the Fenton-like reaction to achieve remarkably synergistic outcomes for oncotherapy. More importantly, D-MOF(Ti) can be degraded and metabolized out of the body after completion of its therapeutic functions without off-target toxicity. Overall, this work identifies a novel Ti-familial sonosensitizer harboring great potential for synergistic sonodynamic and chemodynamic cancer therapy.

7.
Genome Med ; 13(1): 49, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: T cells generated from thymopoiesis are essential for the immune system, and recent single-cell studies have contributed to our understanding of the development of thymocytes at the genetic and epigenetic levels. However, the development of double-positive (DP) T cells, which comprise the majority of thymocytes, has not been well investigated. METHODS: We applied single-cell sequencing to mouse thymocytes and analyzed the transcriptome data using Seurat. By applying unsupervised clustering, we defined thymocyte subtypes and validated DP cell subtypes by flow cytometry. We classified the cell cycle phases of each cell according to expression of cell cycle phase-specific genes. For immune synapse detection, we used immunofluorescent staining and ImageStream-based flow cytometry. We studied and integrated human thymocyte data to verify the conservation of our findings and also performed cross-species comparisons to examine species-specific gene regulation. RESULTS: We classified blast, rearrangement, and selection subtypes of DP thymocytes and used the surface markers CD2 and Ly6d to identify these subtypes by flow cytometry. Based on this new classification, we found that the proliferation of blast DP cells is quite different from that of double-positive cells and other cell types, which tend to exit the cell cycle after a single round. At the DP cell selection stage, we observed that CD8-associated immune synapses formed between thymocytes, indicating that CD8sp selection occurred among thymocytes themselves. Moreover, cross-species comparison revealed species-specific transcription factors (TFs) that contribute to the transcriptional differences of thymocytes from humans and mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our study classified DP thymocyte subtypes of different developmental stages and provided new insight into the development of DP thymocytes at single-cell resolution, furthering our knowledge of the fundamental immunological process of thymopoiesis.

8.
Cell ; 184(7): 1895-1913.e19, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33657410

RESUMO

A dysfunctional immune response in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients is a recurrent theme impacting symptoms and mortality, yet a detailed understanding of pertinent immune cells is not complete. We applied single-cell RNA sequencing to 284 samples from 196 COVID-19 patients and controls and created a comprehensive immune landscape with 1.46 million cells. The large dataset enabled us to identify that different peripheral immune subtype changes are associated with distinct clinical features, including age, sex, severity, and disease stages of COVID-19. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) RNA was found in diverse epithelial and immune cell types, accompanied by dramatic transcriptomic changes within virus-positive cells. Systemic upregulation of S100A8/A9, mainly by megakaryocytes and monocytes in the peripheral blood, may contribute to the cytokine storms frequently observed in severe patients. Our data provide a rich resource for understanding the pathogenesis of and developing effective therapeutic strategies for COVID-19.

9.
Food Res Int ; 142: 110211, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33773685

RESUMO

The physicochemical and functional as well as structural properties of major protein fractions (albumin, globulin, glutelin) sequentially extracted in water, salt, alkaline solution respectively from Cordyceps militaris Minfu20 fruit body were investigated. The glutelin (43.11%, w/w) was the predominant protein component of C. militaris fruit body followed by albumin (36.47%) and globulin (17.94%). The three proteins extracted from different solvents showed different characteristics, which were related to the alternation of amino acid composition, surface hydrophobicity, and structural feature. Sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) showed that the albumin and globulin mainly consisted of polypeptides with size < 20 kDa. The glutelin showed serious staining on the lane which may have a relatively bigger molecular weight. Intrinsic fluorescence intensity (FI) suggested glutelin contained more unfolding conformations (highest FI) which were probably resulted in a better foaming capacity of 151% and emulsion formation with the smallest size oil droplets (10.410 µm). The protein fractions showed great nutritional quality since they satisfied all recommended essential amino acid allowances for adults of Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO)/World Health Organization (WHO). Therefore, Cordyceps militaris Minfu20 fruit body proteins have potential alternative renewable edible fungi (mushroom) protein and could be used effectively as a food ingredient to improve food nutrition and product diversification compared with plant proteins.

10.
J Org Chem ; 2021 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775093

RESUMO

A novel protocol for the synthesis of pyrido[2,3-b]indoles (α-carbolines, 3) from (E)-3-(2-oxo-2-phenylethylidene) indolin-2-one derivatives 1 and 1,1-enediamine (EDAM) 2a via an unexpected cascade reaction in ethanol was developed. Pyrido[2,3-b]indole derivatives 4 were obtained by the same reaction, albeit by stirring the mixture for a longer period of time (about 48 h). As a result, two kinds of functionalized α-carbolines 3 and 4 were synthesized by the facile reaction of the (E)-3-(2-oxo-2-phenylethylidene)indolin-2-one derivatives and 2-(nitromethylene)imidazolidine under basic conditions (Cs2CO3) in ethanol. In addition, a diverse array of EDAM substrates (2b-2k) were tested in this reaction to afford the expected target compounds 5. This protocol is suitable for the combinatorial and parallel syntheses of natural-like products, including highly functionalized α-carbolines and pyrroles, especially 2-oxoindolin-3-yl pyrroles. This approach features several advantages, such as being a simple and practical operation (requiring only filtration and washing without column chromatography), furnishing excellent yields (72-98%), and producing diverse libraries of target compounds with potential biological activities.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33772996

RESUMO

Photothermal therapy (PTT) is extremely promising tumor therapeutic modality. However, excessive heat inevitably injures normal tissues nearby tumors, and the cancer cells damage caused by mild hyperthermia is easily repaired by stress-induced heat shock proteins (HSPs). Thus, maximizing the PTT efficiency and minimizing healthy tissues damage simultaneously by adopting appropriate therapeutic temperature is imperative. Herein, an innovative strategy is firstly reported of ferroptosis-boosted mild PTT based on single atom nanozyme (SAzyme). The Pd SAzyme with atom-economic utilization of the catalytic centers exhibits peroxidase (POD) and glutathione oxidase (GSHOx) mimic enzyme activities, and photothermal conversion performance, which can result in ferroptosis featuring the up-regulation of lipid peroxides (LPO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS). The accumulation of LPO and ROS provides a powerful approach for cleaving HSPs, which enables Pd SAzyme-mediated mild-temperature PTT.

12.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(10): 6162-6170, 2021 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33687033

RESUMO

Grain boundary trap passivation in perovskite films has become one of the most effective strategies for suppressing the charge recombination and enhancing the photovoltaic performance of perovskite solar cells, whereas the relevant trap-state properties and the charge carrier dynamics need to be further clarified. In this work, the CH3NH3Cl (MACl) additive is introduced into the MAI:PbI2 precursor solution to obtain perovskite films comprising various grain sizes with distinct grain boundaries and trap-state properties. The influence of grain boundary traps passivated with the MACl additive on trap-state properties and charge carrier transport/recombination dynamics is systematically studied with time-resolved spectroscopic and transient photoelectric characterization. Specifically, the MACl amount determines the content of the PbI2 residual in the final perovskite, leading to photoluminescence quenching induced by charge transfer. The trap-state distribution result reveals that the deep-level traps at the grain boundaries as the main sources of charge recombination centers are dramatically passivated. Low-temperature photoluminescence spectroscopy distinguishes and compares the trap-state emission related to different perovskite phases. Transient photoelectric measurements including photovoltage decay and charge extraction further demonstrate that the boundary trap passivation can effectively promote charge transport and inhibit charge recombination in devices treated with the optimized MACl amount. As a result, the corresponding device possesses superior photovoltaic parameters to the control device. This work proposes a systematic understanding of the grain boundary trap passivation strategy and provides a new insight into the development of high-performance perovskite solar cells.

13.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 39(1): 20-25, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723932

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the hypoxia response gene and microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles in the pathogenesis and progression of oral leukoplakia (OLK). METHODS: Affymetrix GeneChip human transcriptome array 2.0 was used to detect the transcriptome of normal mucosa, low-risk OLK, high-risk OLK, and early squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Gene ontology function analysis was used to screen genes and key miRNAs whose biological role is hypoxia response. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase ch-ain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to verify the expression of hypoxia response genes and miRNAs. RESULTS: A total of 7 different genes of hypoxia response between normal mucosa and low-risk OLK, 10 genes between low-risk and high-risk OLK, and 21 genes between high-risk OLK and SCC were identified. The results of qRT-PCR showed that the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α, chemokine cc-motif ligand 2, and matrix metalloproteinase 3 mRNA and miR-21 in normal mucosa, OLK, and SCC increased in a stepwise manner. The expression difference between OLK and SCC was statistically significant and consistent with the results of transcriptome array. CONCLUSIONS: The hypoxia response gene and related miRNA play roles in the development and progression of OLK.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neoplasias Bucais , Carcinogênese , Humanos , Hipóxia , Leucoplasia Oral , Transcriptoma
14.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 15: 829-834, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658764

RESUMO

Background: Sugammadex has been a revolutionary reversal of neuromuscular blockade. It is known to be highly efficient. However, a change in the coagulation profile is one of the most dangerous potential complications which is a concern for both surgeon and anesthetist. Bleeding may cause hypovolemic shock, hematoma, and so on. To investigate the effects of sugammadex on coagulation profiles in patients with thyroidectomy, we compared patients that were treated with either sugammadex or neostigmine. Patients and Methods: Eighty patients with thyroid neoplasms undergoing thyroidectomy were randomly allocated to sugammadex group (group S) or neostigmine group (group N). Induction of anesthesia was preformed using propofol, sufentanil, and rocuronium. Group S received sugammadex 2.0mg/kg after trachea intubation, similarly Group N received neostigmine 40 µg/kg, for reversal of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade. The intraoperative coagulation profiles were monitored after the rocuronium injection (T0), 10 minutes after reversal (T1) and 30 minutes after reversal (T2) by testing activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), fibrinogen (FIB), thrombin time (TT), and TEG-Haemonetics. Amount of bleeding was recorded during perioperative period. Results: There was no significant difference in the thromboelastogram, APTT, PT, FIB, or TT measurements at each time point in Group N. The reaction time (R time) and kinetics time (K time) of Group S in T1 were significantly longer than the corresponding times at T0 and T2, and the R times were significantly longer than those in Group N at the same time points (P<0.05). Additionally, in Group S, the APTT was prolonged in T1 and returned to normal in T2. Conclusion: The result showed that sugammadex provided transient efficacy in prolonging the coagulation parameters, while neostigmine did not change the coagulation profile.

15.
Obes Facts ; : 1-12, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662956

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While bariatric surgery could result in weight loss as well as glycaemia improvement, the short-term impact on bone health in a high glycemic environment following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) remains intriguing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the short-term effects of RYGB and SG procedures on bone health in Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDFfa/fa) rats. METHODS: Thirty age-matched male ZDFfa/fa rats were randomized into RYGB, SG, and sham groups after establishment of the diabetic model. Body weight, blood glucose, bone mineral density (BMD), the level of bone turnover markers (BTM), vitamin D, and serum calcium and phosphorus were measured 4 weeks after the operation. RESULTS: The RYGB procedure brought about lower blood glucose, BMD, serum calcium and phosphorus levels, as well as a relatively higher bone turnover rate and 1,25(OH)2VD level, compared to the SG and sham groups, while the influences of the SG procedure were not significant. 25(OH)VD demonstrated no significant difference among the 3 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Despite its excellent ability to provide short-term glycemic control, the RYGB procedure could led to more severe impairment of bone health compared to the SG procedure. Bone health should be procured after bariatric surgery, especially with the RYGB procedure. Early detection of BMD and BTM may help to avoid deterioration of bone.

16.
Anesth Analg ; 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33687173

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pain is one of the most common adverse events after surgery. Regional anesthesia techniques are effective for pain control but have limited duration of action. Liposomal bupivacaine is a long-acting formulation of bupivacaine. We conduct this systematic review to assess whether liposomal bupivacaine may prolong the analgesic duration of regional anesthesia compared to conventional local anesthetic agents. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE (Ovid), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Google Scholar, Web of Science citation index, US clinical trials register, and recent conference abstracts for relevant studies. RESULTS: We identified 13 randomized controlled trials that compared the use of liposomal bupivacaine to conventional local anesthetics in regional anesthesia. There were 5 studies on transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block, 3 of which reported longer duration of analgesia with liposomal bupivacaine. One study reported comparable analgesia with liposomal bupivacaine TAP block compared to TAP block catheter. There were 3 studies on brachial plexus block, 2 of which reported that liposomal bupivacaine may provide longer analgesia. Studies on other techniques did not report significantly longer analgesia with liposomal bupivacaine. CONCLUSIONS: Currently, there is limited evidence suggesting that liposomal bupivacaine provides longer analgesia than conventional local anesthetics when used in regional anesthesia. The analyses of multiple studies on liposomal bupivacaine for TAP blocks and brachial plexus blocks have yielded conflicting results. As a result, no definitive conclusions can be drawn about its efficacy compared to plain bupivacaine.

17.
Cancer Sci ; 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33728806

RESUMO

The 2019 novel coronavirus has spread rapidly around the world. Cancer patients seem to be more susceptible to infection and disease deterioration, but the factors affecting the deterioration remain unclear. We aimed to develop an individualized model for prediction of COVID-19 deterioration in cancer patients. The clinical data of 276 cancer patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in 33 designated hospitals of Hubei, China from December 21, 2019 to March 18, 2020, were collected and randomly divided into a training and a validation cohort by a ratio of 2:1. Cox stepwise regression analysis were conducted to select prognostic factors. The prediction model was developed in the training cohort. The predictive accuracy of the model was quantified by C-index and time-dependent AUC. Internal validation was assessed by the validation cohort. Risk stratification based on the model was performed. Decision curve analysis (DCA) were used to evaluate the clinical usefulness of the model. We found age, cancer type, , CT baseline image features (ground glass opacity and consolidation), laboratory findings (lymphocyte count, serum levels of C-reactive protein, aspartate aminotransferase, direct bilirubin, urea and d-dimer) were significantly associated with symptomatic deterioration. The C-index of the model was 0.755 in the training cohort and 0.779 in the validation cohort. T-AUC values were above 0.7 within 8 weeks both in the training and validation cohorts. Patients were divided into two risk groups based on the nomogram: low-risk (total points≤ 9.98) and high-risk (total points> 9.98) group. The Kaplan-Meier C-DFS curves presented the significant discrimination between the two risk groups in both training and validation cohort. The model indicated good clinical applicability by DCA curves. This study presents an individualized nomogram model to individually predict the possibility of symptomatic deterioration of COVID-19 in patients with cancer.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(11): e25130, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725992

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) occurs commonly after cardiac surgery. Studies suggest that corticosteroid can reduce the incident of POAF. However, the results remain controversial. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety corticosteroid on the prevention of POAF following cardiac surgery. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials were identified through a systematic literature search. Two investigators independently searched articles, extracted data, and assessed the quality of included studies. Primary outcome was the incidence of POAF as well as length of hospital stay and intensive care unit stay, wound and other infection, mortality, duration of ventilation, myocardial infarction, gastrointestinal complications, high blood sugar, stroke, and postoperative bleeding. RESULTS: Fourteen studies with 13,803 patients were finally involved in the present study. Overall, corticosteroid significantly decreased the risk of POAF (relative risk [RR], 0.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.55-0.89; P = .003). There were no significant differences in the incidence of length of intensive care unit stay (RR, -2.32; 95% CI, -5.44 to 0.80; P = .14) and hospital stay (RR, -0.43; 95% CI, -0.84 to -0.02; P = .04), infections (RR, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.83-1.23; P = .9), mortality (RR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.71-1.06; P = .16), duration of ventilation (RR, -0.29; 95% CI, -0.65 to 0.07; P = .12), gastrointestinal complications (RR, 1.26; 95% CI, 0.91-1.76; P = .16), high blood sugar (RR, 1.98; 95% CI, 0.91-4.31; P = .09), stroke (RR, 0.9; 95% CI, 0.69-1.18; P = .45), postoperative bleeding (RR -44.54; 95% CI, -115.28 to 26.20; P = .22) and myocardial infarction (RR, 1.71; 95% CI, 0.96-1.43; P = .12). CONCLUSION: Our review suggests that the efficacy of corticosteroid might be beneficial to POAF development in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The strength of this association remains uncertain because of statistical and clinical heterogeneity among the included studies.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 181: 113157, 2021 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33756378

RESUMO

Erythromycin has polluted our aquatic environment for decades, leading to the risk of bacterial resistance and harmful effects on human beings, wildlife and ecosystem. There is an urgent demand of developing a portable tool capable of detecting erythromycin on site. In this study, ten aptamer candidates against erythromycin were prepared through Capture-SELEX (systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment) process in 20 rounds. Aptamer candidate Ery_06 with the highest enrichment was chosen for further study, whose affinity was characterized by gold nanoparticles colorimetric assay, quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation and agarose chasing diffusion assay. It was determined by SYBR Green I fluorimetric assay that the characterized aptamer binds to erythromycin with high affinity (Kd: 20 ± 9 nM). Its specificity was also characterized by distinguishing erythromycin from different antibiotics tested. A novel lateral flow aptasensor was constructed by using the newly identified aptamer combined with recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) and lateral flow strip (LFS). Aptamer acted as a sensing element anchoring on the surface of solid phase could be eluted by erythromycin. RPA functioned to amplify and convert the signal to be visible on LFS. The lateral flow was completed in 15 min, achieving a detection limit of 3 pM. The application feasibility of the aptasensor was proved by the detection of tap water samples spiked with erythromycin.

20.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 173, 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706718

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genetic resources are important natural assets. Discovery of new enzyme gene sequences has been an ongoing effort in biotechnology industry. In the genomic age, genomes of microorganisms from various environments have been deciphered. Increasingly, it has become more and more difficult to find novel enzyme genes. In this work, we attempted to use the easily accessible banknotes to search for novel microbial gene sequences. RESULTS: We used high-throughput genomic sequencing technology to comprehensively characterize the diversity of microorganisms on the US dollars and Chinese Renminbis (RMBs). In addition to finding a vast diversity of microbes, we found a significant number of novel gene sequences, including an unreported superoxide dismutase (SOD) gene, whose catalytic activity was further verified by experiments. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that banknotes could be a good and convenient genetic resource for finding economically valuable biologicals.

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