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1.
J Med Genet ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A large number of new causative and risk genes for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have been identified mostly in patients of European ancestry. In contrast, we know relatively little regarding the genetics of ALS in other ethnic populations. This study aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the genetics of ALS in an unprecedented large cohort of Chinese mainland population and correlate with the clinical features of rare variants carriers. METHODS: A total of 1587 patients, including 64 familial ALS (FALS) and 1523 sporadic ALS (SALS), and 1866 in-house controls were analysed by whole-exome sequencing and/or testing for G4C2 repeats in C9orf72. Forty-one ALS-associated genes were analysed. FINDINGS: 155 patients, including 26 (40.6%) FALS and 129 (8.5%) SALS, carrying rare pathogenic/likely pathogenic (P/LP) variants of ALS causative genes were identified. SOD1 was the most common mutated gene, followed by C9orf72, FUS, NEK1, TARDBP and TBK1. By burden analysis, rare variants in SOD1, FUS and TARDBP contributed to the collective risk for ALS (p<2.5e-6) at the gene level, but at the allelic level TARDBP p.Gly294Val and FUS p.Arg521Cys and p.Arg521His were the most important single variants causing ALS. Clinically, P/LP variants in TARDBP and C9orf72 were associated with poor prognosis, in FUS linked with younger age of onset, and C9orf72 repeats tended to affect cognition. CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide essential information for understanding the genetic and clinical features of ALS in China and for optimal design of genetic testing and evaluation of disease prognosis.

4.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 36(5): 1291-1299, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: It has been reported that serum quantification of anti-HBc (qAnti-HBc) could predict antiviral response in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients, while its role in hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) remains unclear. Its implication in HBV-ACLF was evaluated in this study. METHODS: Baseline serum qAnti-HBc levels were retrospectively detected in HBV-ACLF and CHB patients using recently developed double-sandwich immunoassay. The association of qAnti-HBc level with clinical outcomes was evaluated by multiple logistic regression. Nomogram was adopted to formulate an algorithm incorporating qAnti-HBc for the prediction of survival in HBV-ACLF. The post-hospitalization of HBV-ACLF patients were followed-up for 1 year. RESULTS: Eighty-eight HBV-ACLF as training set, 80 HBV-ACLF as validation set and 216 CHB cases were included. Serum qAnti-HBc level was significantly higher in HBV-ACLF (4.95 ± 0.54 log10  IU/mL) than CHB patients (4.47 ± 0.84 log10  IU/mL) (P < 0.01). Among HBV-ACLF cases, both in training and validation set, patients with poor outcomes had lower qAnti-HBc level. Area under receiver operating characteristic curve of the novel qAnti-HBc inclusive model was 0.82, superior to 0.73 from model for end-stage liver disease scores (P = 0.018), which was confirmed in validation set. During follow-up, the qAnti-HBc level declined at month 3 and month 6, then plateaued at 3.84 log10  IU/mL. CONCLUSIONS: Serum qAnti-HBc level was associated with disease severity and might be served as a novel biomarker in the prediction of HBV-ACLF clinical outcomes. The underlying immunological mechanism warrants further investigation.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/etiologia , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos do Núcleo do Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
5.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(6): 690-698, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33234871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are common but under-researched symptoms in patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA). We investigated the frequency and factors associated with sleep-related symptoms in patients with MSA and the impact of sleep disturbances on disease severity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 165 patients with MSA. Three sleep-related symptoms, namely Parkinson's disease (PD)-related sleep problems (PD-SP), excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), and rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD), were evaluated using the PD Sleep Scale-2 (PDSS-2), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and RBD Screening Questionnaire (RBDSQ), respectively. Disease severity was evaluated using the Unified MSA Rating Scale (UMSARS). RESULTS: The frequency of PD-SP (PDSS-2 score of ≥18), EDS (ESS score of ≥10), and RBD (RBDSQ score of ≥5) in patients with MSA was 18.8%, 27.3%, and 49.7%, respectively. The frequency of coexistence of all three sleep-related symptoms was 7.3%. Compared with the cerebellar subtype of MSA (MSA-C), the parkinsonism subtype of MSA (MSA-P) was associated with a higher frequency of PD-SP and EDS, but not of RBD. Binary logistic regression revealed that the MSA-P subtype, a higher total UMSARS score, and anxiety were associated with PD-SP; that male sex, a higher total UMSARS score, the MSA-P subtype, and fatigue were associated with EDS; and that male sex, a higher total UMSARS score, and autonomic onset were associated with RBD in patients with MSA. Stepwise linear regression showed that the number of sleep-related symptoms (PD-SP, EDS, and RBD), disease duration, depression, fatigue, and total Montreal Cognitive Assessment score were predictors of disease severity in patients with MSA. CONCLUSIONS: Sleep-related disorders were associated with both MSA subtypes and the severity of disease in patients with MSA, indicating that sleep disorders may reflect the distribution and degree of dopaminergic/non-dopaminergic neuron degeneration in MSA.


Assuntos
Atrofia de Múltiplos Sistemas , Transtorno do Comportamento do Sono REM , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Sono
6.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 6661, 2019 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31040364

RESUMO

The functional outcome of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in young male patients are poor than in premenopausal women. After ICH, ferrous iron accumulation causes a higher level of oxidative injury associated with autophagic cell death in striatum of male mice than in females. In rodent model of ferrous citrate (FC)-infusion that simulates iron accumulation after ICH, female endogenous estradiol (E2) suppresses autophagy via estrogen receptor α (ERα) and contributes to less injury severity. Moreover, E2 implantation diminished the FC-induced autophagic cell death and injury in males, whose ERα in the striatum is less than females. Since, no sex difference of ERß was observed in striatum, we delineated whether ERα and G-protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER1) mediate the suppressions of FC-induced autophagy and oxidative injury by E2 in a sex-dimorphic manner. The results showed that the ratio of constitutive GPER1 to ERα in striatum is higher in males than in females. The GPER1 and ERα predominantly mediated suppressive effects of E2 on FC-induced autophagy in males and antioxidant effect of E2 in females, respectively. This finding opens the prospect of a male-specific therapeutic strategy targeting GPER1 for autophagy suppression in patients suffering from iron overload after hemorrhage.


Assuntos
Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/genética , Corpo Estriado/metabolismo , Corpo Estriado/patologia , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Ferro/metabolismo , Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , Feminino , Inativação Gênica , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Transtornos Mentais/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G , Fatores Sexuais
7.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2018: 1425365, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29623088

RESUMO

Cross-domain collaborative filtering (CDCF) solves the sparsity problem by transferring rating knowledge from auxiliary domains. Obviously, different auxiliary domains have different importance to the target domain. However, previous works cannot evaluate effectively the significance of different auxiliary domains. To overcome this drawback, we propose a cross-domain collaborative filtering algorithm based on Feature Construction and Locally Weighted Linear Regression (FCLWLR). We first construct features in different domains and use these features to represent different auxiliary domains. Thus the weight computation across different domains can be converted as the weight computation across different features. Then we combine the features in the target domain and in the auxiliary domains together and convert the cross-domain recommendation problem into a regression problem. Finally, we employ a Locally Weighted Linear Regression (LWLR) model to solve the regression problem. As LWLR is a nonparametric regression method, it can effectively avoid underfitting or overfitting problem occurring in parametric regression methods. We conduct extensive experiments to show that the proposed FCLWLR algorithm is effective in addressing the data sparsity problem by transferring the useful knowledge from the auxiliary domains, as compared to many state-of-the-art single-domain or cross-domain CF methods.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Modelos Lineares , Comportamento do Consumidor , Humanos
8.
Opt Express ; 21(3): 3201-12, 2013 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23481779

RESUMO

The illumination pattern of an LED street light is required to have a rectangular distribution at a divergence-angle ratio of 7:3 for economical illumination. Hence, research supplying a secondary optics with two cylindrical lenses was different from free-form curvature for rectangular illumination. The analytical solution for curvatures with different ratio rectangles solved this detail by light tracing and boundary conditions. Similarities between the experiments and the simulation for a single LED and a 9-LED module were analyzed by Normalized Cross Correlation (NCC), and the error rate was studied by the Root Mean Square (RMS). The tolerance of position must be kept under ± 0.2 mm in the x, y and z directions to ensure that the relative illumination is over 99%.


Assuntos
Lentes , Iluminação/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento
9.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 32(3): 147-52, 2007.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17691569

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of mast cells in acupuncture analgesia in rats. METHODS: A total of 48 Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were divided into normal control, acupoinc Effect [("Zusanli"(ST 36)-acupuncture (Acu), non-acupoint (3 mm left to ST36), disodium cromoglycate (DSC, 0.02 gmL, for acupoint injection), normal saline (NS, for acupoint injection), DSC + Acu, NS-b+ Acu and DSC+contralach Center ral Acu groups, with 6 cases in each group. The latency of tail flick response to heat irradiation was used as the pain threshold. "Zusanli" (ST 36) was punctured with filiform needle and stimulated by lifting and thrusting the needle for 30 min. After sacrifice under anesthesia (1% embutal) c, tissues of T36 area were sampled, sliced (4 microm), and stained with Toluidine Blue for skin and Neutral Red for muscles. RESULTS: Compared with normal control group, the ratios of pain threshold increased significantly in all the 7 experimental groups (P < 0.05), and those of DSC and NS groups were significantly lower than those of acupoint-Acu, non-acupoint, DSC+ Acu, NS+ Acu and DSC + contralateral Acu groups (P < 0.05) n. Comp + Acu group, the ratios of NS+Acu and DSC+ contralateral Acu groups were evidently higher (P < 0.05, 0.01). Compared with control group, the degranulation ratio of acupoint-Acu group was significantly higher (P < 0.05, 0.001 in muscle and skin separately), and the ratio of DSC+ Acu group was markedly lower than that of acupoint-Acu group (P < 0.01 in skin). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture of ST36 has a significant analgesia and enhances the degranulation of mast apparently cells, which is weakened by injection of DSC in the acupoint area, suggesting an important role of mast cells in acupuncture-induced analgesia.


Assuntos
Analgesia por Acupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Mastócitos/fisiologia , Animais , Degranulação Celular , Cromolina Sódica/farmacologia , Feminino , Masculino , Limiar da Dor , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
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