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1.
Mil Med ; 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32239167

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Psychological stress is associated with sedentary behavior, which may impair exercise performance. The aim of our study was to examine the association between psychological stress and physical fitness in military personnel. METHOD: A military cohort of 4080 subjects in Taiwan was used for the analysis. The Brief Symptoms Rating Scale (BSRS-5) includes items of anxiety, depression, hostility, interpersonal sensitivity, and insomnia measured by a five-point Likert-type scale of 0-4. Psychological stress was defined as normal (n = 3657), slight (n = 314), and great (n = 109) by BSRS-5 score ≤5, 6-9, and ≥10, respectively. Aerobic fitness and anaerobic fitness were evaluated by the time of 3000-meter running and the numbers of 2-min sit-ups and 2-min push-ups, respectively. Multiple linear and logistic regression analyses were used to determine the relationship. RESULTS: As compared with normal stress, slight and great stress were positive dose-dependently correlated with 3000-meter running time (ß = 9.09 and 14.44; P = 0.0032 and 0.048, respectively) after adjusting for age, sex, service specialty, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, cigarette smoking, alcohol intake, hemoglobin levels, and exercise frequency. Similarly, those with slight stress were more likely to be the worst 10% performers in the 3000-meter run test relative to the normal individuals (odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals: 1.50, 1.00-2.24). By contrast, there was no relationship of psychological stress with the numbers of 2-min sit-ups and 2-min push-ups. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the presence of higher psychological stress on military personnel may reduce their cardiorespiratory fitness but not affect the anaerobic fitness.

2.
High Alt Med Biol ; 20(3): 293-302, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31329475

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to explore the effects of netrin-1 on hypobaric hypoxia-induced lung injury in mice. Methods: We exposed 6-8-week-old C57BL/6 mice to hypobaric stress at 340 mmHg for 30 minutes followed by 260 mmHg for different periods (6, 12, 18, and 24 hours) to observe the severity of lung injury (O2 concentration, 21%; 54.6 mmHg). The wet/dry weight ratio and protein leakage from the mouse lung were used to determine the suitable exposure time. Netrin-1 was injected into the tail vein of mice before 18-hour decompression. Inflammatory cytokines, lung injury scores, and activity of nuclear factor κB were evaluated. The expression of apoptosis-related proteins was also examined. Results: Protein concentration in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was significantly higher in the 18-hour group (p < 0.05). Pulmonary pathology revealed neutrophil infiltration, alveolar septum thickening, and tissue edema. Injury score and macrophage inflammatory protein 2 levels were also increased. Intrinsic apoptosis pathway was activated. Hypoxia decreased the expression of Bcl2 protein, the number of active caspase-3-stained cells, and UNC5HB receptors. Pretreatment with netrin-1 reduced protein leakage, inhibited neutrophil migration, lowered the injury score, attenuated apoptosis, and increased UNC5HB receptor expression. Conclusion: Netrin-1 dampens hypobaric hypoxia-induced lung injury by inhibiting neutrophil migration and attenuating apoptosis.

3.
J Anesth ; 33(3): 463-477, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31076946

RESUMO

Over the last decade, considerable progress has been made regarding infraclavicular brachial plexus block (ICB) in adults, especially since the introduction of ultrasound guidance. The advancements in ICB have been attributed to the development of various approaches to improve the success rate and reduce complications. This has also necessitated a unified nomenclature system to facilitate comparison among different approaches. This review aimed to propose an anatomical nomenclature system by classifying ICB approaches into proximal and distal ones to aid future research and provide practice advisories according to recent updates. We also comprehensively discuss various aspects of this nomenclature system. Our review suggests that ultrasound-guided ICB should be categorized as an advanced technique that should be performed under supervision and dual guidance. For one-shot block, the conventional distal approach is still preferred but should be modified to follow ergonomic practice, with the arm in the proper position. For continuous ICB, the proximal approach is promising for reducing local anesthetic volume and increasing efficacy. Nevertheless, further studies are warranted in this direction. We provide practice advisories to maximize safety and minimize adverse events, and recommend designing future studies on ICB according to these findings based on the unified nomenclature system.

5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2018: 5151645, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30069470

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2017/7268308.].

6.
Schizophr Res ; 190: 28-31, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28341002

RESUMO

Autoimmune encephalopathy caused by autoantibodies against neuronal cell-surface proteins in the brain is a newly discovered disease category associated with psychiatric disorders. Correct diagnosis of this condition relies on the detection of specific autoantibodies in the blood or cerebral spinal fluid in addition to the clinical presentations. The study aimed to understand the seroprevalence of selective anti-neuronal autoantibodies in our patients with schizophrenia. First, we screened for six anti-neuronal autoantibodies in an archived blood sample collected from patients with the first-episode schizophrenia. The six autoantibodies including antibodies against N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptors 1 and 2, γ-butyric acid receptor type B1 (GABARB1), leucine-rich glioma inactivated-1 (LGI1) protein, and contactin-associated protein-like 2 (CASPR2) protein. A total of 78 plasma samples (46 males and 32 females) were investigated; however, no positive case was identified. In this second study, we screened anti-NMDA receptor autoantibodies in a blood sample of 234 patients with chronic schizophrenia (133 females and 101 males) including 48 patients defined as treatment resistance. None of this sample was detected as positive. The negative findings in this study suggest that the seroprevalence of autoantibodies against neuronal surface proteins might be low in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/imunologia , Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia , Esquizofrenia/imunologia , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Resistência a Medicamentos/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Esquizofrenia/sangue , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Adulto Jovem
7.
World J Cardiol ; 8(8): 464-71, 2016 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27621774

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and hospitalization events in a cohort of large voluntary arm forces in Taiwan. METHODS: The cardiorespiratory fitness and hospitalization events in armed forces (CHIEF) is a retrospective cohort consisting of more than 4000 professional military members aged 18-50 years in Eastern Taiwan. All participants received history taking, physical examination, chest radiography, 12-lead electrocardiography, blood tests for cell counts and fasting glucose, lipid profiles, uric acid, renal function and liver function in the Hualien Armed Forces General Hospital during 2014. In addition, participants were required to undergo two indoor resistant exercise tests including 2-min push-up and 2-min sit-up, both scored by infrared sensing, and one outdoor endurance 3000-m none weight-bearing running test, the main indicator of cardiorespiratory fitness in the Military Physical Training and Testing Center in Eastern Taiwan in 2014. RESULTS: Hospitalization events for cardiovascular disease, acute kidney injury, rhabdomyolysis, severe infectious disease, acute psychiatric illness, diabetes, orthopedic surgery and mortality will be identified in the National Insurance Research Database for 10 years. CONCLUSION: CHIEF will be among the largest Eastern Asian armed forces cohort, in which physical status was strictly evaluated to follow up the hospitalization events for severe illness.

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